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Brigham Young University-Idaho 


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Photographs donated by authors of histories, Clark County 

Historical Society and Editor. 


Lag; Cabin with dirt roof, I860'* 

jto« Hm»»* mth »h,ng(. 

«'«»«if. I«70't 


Clark County has made many transitions during its period of time 
including becoming a part of: 

Oneida County, 1864 

County Seat: Soda Springs, 1864 & Malad, 1866 

Bingham County, 1885 
County Seat: Blackfoot 

Fremont County, 1904 
County Seat: St. Anthony 

Clark County, 1919 
County Seat: Dubois 


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«Hlllll«liatl«lHIIIIHIII,.M...WW— — «HM. 1 1 1 ,1 | . | „ | 


In Memory of... 


We, The Clark County Historical Society and Centennial ComrnitUr. Dtdioite our puhlicalion 
of Clark County Family Treasures to one of our Charter Members and Faithful Historians. ( arl I . 

Carl cherished the historiciil hackj»round of our county. conse(iut'iiil> ^tiur.ittd in.inv 
memorahle accounts printed in this publication. 



Family Histories have been compiled by or of the people having lived in or bordering 
the area of the present County of Clark. They entail a period of over 120 years. 
Narratives relive the struggles of its development, mcluding over 1,500 individual or family 
histories and over 1,300 photographs. Much of this material has been contributed. We 
especially thank those who gave of their time, to help preserve our heritage. Since it is 
impossible to verify aU information, therein. The Clark County Committee disclaim 
responsibility for aU articles published. All editmg and original printing has been 
completed by committee, and numerable volunteers. Please overlook any typographical 
errors that may have been missed. 


Bonnie Stoddard, Chairman, Editor 
Ethel Vadnais, Layout 
Carl F. Leonardson & Marshall Bare (Deceased) 
COMMITTEE: Harriet Shenton, EUeen Bennett, Mary Small, Sandy McClure, Anne & 
Elmer Leonardson. ASSISTANTS: Elaine Laird, May Hodges, Irene Rammell, Coralee 
Knight, John Walker, Denver Erickson, Ellen Laird, Marva McGarry, Virginia Bianco, 
Ross Stoddard, Bonnie Burns, Gladys Leonardson, Betty Kirkpatrick, Kay Heth, Roy & 
Dorothy Lingo, Tom Vadnais, Betty Wagoner, Deoine Thompson, Pearl Laird, Juanita 
Rasmussen, JoAnn Tavenner, Danette Frederiksen, Carol Hoopes, Joy Myers. 

My respect and gratitude to the members and associates of the Clark County Historical Society, who 
guided selection of subjects and solicited the participation of many distinguished authors. 

I also commend the many unnamed individuals who came throu^ to help make this publication a reality. 

S)eyL^rUMJ O^ie^dl aJ-x^cL 


In the Sweetwater mountains near Orofino there is a peculiar and beautiful light that forms a sort 
of diadem on the mountain top at sunrise which the Indians called "E-da'-hoh." 

Apparently this word applied to the morning light on the tops of any mountains. The original 
meaning being "Look, Light" or "Lo, Light" or "It is morning." 

The E-da'-hoh is possibly Arapahoe in origin through it is common to all the Indians of the Rocky 
Mountain region and probably the Shoshones were the ones who applied it to the present Idaho. 

A party of prospectors had started out at night and were at Craig's Mountain near Camas Prairie 
as dawn came. The Indian guide, seeing the light on the mountain tops, exclaimed, "E-da'-hoh!" 

George B. Walker first suggested the name Idaho for this territory when it was organized. He 
got the name from a steamer that ran from Cascade to The Dalles, Oregon, owned by Colonel J. S. 
Rockwell (or Rucker) built in 1860. 

The Shasta Indians had places of religious significance where the light shone peculiarly on the 
mountains, which they called, "E-da'-hoh's." 

Colorado was first called Idaho, but it was changed in the Bill or Organization. Colorado still has 
an Idaho Springs. 





If history began with writing, notes The World Almanac, the first chapter opened in Me.s*)p^>umia. 
Clay tablets with pictographs were used by the Sumerians to keep records after 4aX) H C A cunitorm 
script evolved by 3(XX) B.C. as a full syllabic language. 

Songs of Idaho. 


Verse 1 

You've heard of the wonders our land does possess, its beautiful valleys and hills. The majestic forest 

where nature abounds, we love every nook and rill. 

Verse 2 

There's only one state in this great land of ours, where ideals can be realized. The pioneers made it just 

for you and me, a legacy we'll always prize. 


And here we have Idaho. Winning her way to fame. Silver and gold in the sunlight blaze, and romance 
lies in her name. Singing, we're singing of you, ah proudly too, all out lives through. We'll go singing, 
singing of you, singing of Idaho. 

Chorus by McKinley Helm 
Music by Sallie Hume-Douglas 


(Compiled for the Idaho Centennial - 1990 - Used in Clark County Centennial Video) 


They tell me Idaho was bom... 

A hundred years ago... 

I see reflections of Clark County's past... 

As I watch the campfire's glow... 

Verse I 

I've been down all the byways that I'll ever care to see; 

There's only one thing certain that I know; 

The earth is always singing with a music all its own. 

And the sweetest song it sings is Idaho. 

Verse II 

And Idaho is singing in my heart and my mind; 

My dreams are on those lonesome desert winds; 

My hope's high as those mountains, and I know that if I roam, 

I'll be back cause Idaho's my home. 

Repeat Chorus 

Verse m 

We've fought our droughts and blizzards 

Like the one in eighty-nine; 

We carried on with living 

In Clark County, we'll survive... 

Repeat Chorus 

Verse IV 

There's friend down every country road 

To lend a helpin hand; 

Like those who came before us, 

We love this land... 

Repeat Chorus 

Copyright June 1990 by Phyl Lund and Tom Nick 

Commemorating. . . 

State of Idaho's 100th Birthday 

1890 - 1990 


County Seat of Clark County-Dubois's 100th Birthday 

1892 - 1992 


Second Printing (Revised) 

Printed by Ricks College Press, Rexburg, ID. 
Published by Clark County Historical Society and the Clark County Centennial Committee. 


Clark County Historical Society Logo - Artist Eileen Bennett 

Idaho Centennial Logo 


All rights reserved. The book, or parts thereof, may not be 
reproduced in any form without permission of the publisher. 


IdaJio Centennial Commission 

Margaret Hagenbarth 

Sherman Halverson 

Carl Leonardson 

Clark County Commissioners 

Clark County Historical Society 

Clark County Centennial Committee 

Jefferson Star 

Computer Training Wheels, Inc. 















Artemisia cana Pursh 

Silver sagebrush (white sagebrush) 




Silver-colored shrub 


Usually linear and toothless 

In numerous small heads 

{Artemisia cana) 

GROWTH CHARACTERISTICS: shrub (1.0-1.5 m tall) rounded, sometimes form extensive colonies 
by rhizomes; stems much-branched; flowers September, fruits October-November; reproduces by seeds and 

DISTINGUISHING CHARACTERISTICS: leaves simple, alternate, linear, entire or occasionally with 
1-2 irregular teeth, canescent; may appear fascicled on short lateral branches. 

FLOWERS: disoid, in a leafy panicle; heads in groups; 8-15 papery phyllary bracts. 

FRUIT: achene, 4-5 ribbed 

OTHER: plants quite often dry with a goldfish hue and yellowish stem. 

DISTRIBUTION: located throughout Rocky Mountain and Northern Great Plains states in moist bottom 
lands and drainage ways. 

HISTORIC, FOOD, AND MEDICINAL USES: decoction used by American Indians to stop coughing; 
extract of plant was taken to restore hair. The leaves of silver sagebrush were used to brew a medicinal 
tea and burned as incense by Indians in their rituals. 

FORAGE VALUE: important feed for livestock; good to excellent in fall and winter; increases under 
cattle and decreases under sheep browsing; some varieties are not palatable. Silver sagebrush withstands 
grazing well. Many ranchers have mistakenly sprayed silver sagebrush, thinking it was big sagebrush, a 
species with very low palatability. 




Cecil D. Andrus, 61, has been elected Governor of Idaho four times, most 
recently in 1990. Governor Andrus' terms of office have been highlighted by his 
deep commitment to policies and programs that have improved the quality of life 
of Idahoans. 

Governor Andrus has been a consistent advocate for an adequately-funded, 
quality educational system. His efforts to build a strong, growing economy and 
create job opportunities for Idahoans have resulted in record high levels of 
employment. During the last two years of the Andrus Administration, nearly 
30,000 new jobs were created in Idaho. 

The Governor championed the creation of kindergartens and child development 
centers. He has lead the fight to put tougher penalties for child abuse laws on 
the books; and he has expanded the availability of prenatal care for expectant 

During his first two terms, Cecil Andrus twice led the effort to reduce the 
property tax burden, and he pushed the "circuit breaker" property tax relief 
program for seniors. He also spearheaded the successful drive to re-organize 
state government. 

Cecil Andrus has earned a national reputation for being able to strike a 
wise balance between often conflicting conservation and development positions. 
He describes himself as a "common sense conservationist." The Andrus motto has 
always been: "First, you must make a living; then you must have a living that 
is worthwhile." 

Andrus has first-hand knowledge of the natural resources industries that 
are so important to Idaho. He spent his boyhood on a farm in logging country, 
where his father operated a sawmill. His first jobs were in the forests and 
sawmills of northern Oregon. Later, Andrus worked in the northern Idaho woods 
as a lumberjack and helped operate a sawmill at Orofino. 

During his years in public service, the Governor has championed local land 
use planning laws and protection of wild and scenic rivers, and he most recently 
helped engineer a comprehensive agreement between industry and conservation 
groups to assure the protection of Idaho's water quality. Like most Idahoans, 
Cecil Andrus loves the outdoors. He hunts and fishes whenever he can. 

In 1977 Governor Andrus resigned as governor to become the first Idahoan 
to ever serve in a presidential cabinet. In his four year tenure as the 42nd 
Secretary of the Interior, Andrus played a pivotal role in developing a common 
sense approach to off-shore oil leasing, and his leadership was instrumental in 
resolving the bitter Alaska lands disputes. 

The Alaska lands legislation, passed by Congress in 1980, protected 103 
million acres of virgin public lands for parks, wildlife habitat and forest 
lands, but, equally important, it opened up more than 250 million acres of 
federal land for development. 

Governor Andrus has served as chairman of both the Western Governors' 
Association had the National Governors' Association. He is also Chairman of the 
Board of the College of Idaho in Caldwell. 

Cecil Andrus began his political career in 1960 when at age 29 he was 
elected to the Idaho State Senate from Clearwater County. He served four terms 
in the Legislature, interrupted in 1966 by an unsuccessful run for Governor. 
Andrus was first elected Governor in 1970. He was re-elected in 1974 with a 
margin of 70.9 percent, the largest winning margin in Idaho history. 

Andrus was reelected governor in 1986, then again was reel«ct«d 
governor, and is the first Idahoan to be elected to four gubernatorial terms. 

Governor's Biographical information 

Date & Place of Birth August 25, 1931, Hood River, Oregon. 

Family: Cecil and Carol Andrus have three daughters. Tana, Tracy 
and Kelly, and two granddaughters. 

Religion : Lutheran. 

Education : Attended Oregon State University, 1948-49. 

Military Service ; U.S. Navy 1951-1955. Served in Korea as a crew 
member on a patrol bomber. 

Honors /Awards ; Honorary degrees from the University of Idaho, 
Gonzaga University, University of New Mexico and the College of 

..Conservationist of the Year, Idaho Wildlife Federation, 1972. 

..Conservationist of the Year, National Wildlife Fed., 1980. 

..Ansel Adams Award, Wilderness Society, 1985. 

..The Audubon Medal, 1985. 

..Selected by TIME Magazine as one of the nation's top 200 young 
leaders in 1976. 

..Veterans of Foreign Wars "Man of the Year," 1959. 

..Member of VFW, American Legion, Elks, Masons. 

Compiled at the Governor's Office. 
Received by request of the Clark County Centennial Committee 














ALLEN, C A 10 

ALLEN, G B 11 

ALLEN, J 11 

AMY, C 13 









BAIRD, J 23 

BAKER, B 23 

BAKER, G 23 


BARE, D 25 







BARRY, J 40 




BAUER , J 52 




BECK, O & E 55 





BELL, E & F 62 

BELL, P 63 








BESE , J & S 73 

BESE, J & K 74 

BESE, H 77 

BESE, B 77 

BESE, G 78 


BLACK. A 79 





BOAK. R 88 

BODDY. A *8 



BOHNEY. J ^*^ 



BOND, S 91 

BOND, W 95 

BOWEN, C 97 

BOWEN, G 97 

BOWEN, P 100 

BOYCE, F 100 

BRAND, J 100 

BRAUER, G 101 

BREEL, F 102 

BREIL, H 103 

BRIGGS, D 103 

BROWN, C 103 

BROWN, S 104 

BULFER , L L 105 






BUTLER, J 109 



CAGLE, C 112 

CALL, S 113 











CASPER, M 127 








CHEHEY, L 137 

CHENEY, S F 138 





CLARK, E T 143 

CLARK, F 145 

CLARK, J R 145 

CLARK, L L 148 


CLARK, S K 150 


CLARK, "SAM" 153 

CLARK, T 153 


CLARK, V 154 


CLEGG, HA 158 

CLOSE, H 158 

CLOSE, S 159 






COLSON, A A 167 

COLSON, C K 169 

COLSON, D 169 



COLSON, W A 172 

CONNOR, H 174 

COOK, F L 175 

COOPER, C L 177 

COOPER, J 177 


CRAIG, R 179 



CROFTS, F 183 


DABELL, W & E 186 

DALLAS, P 187 



DASCH, C P 189 


DAVIS, H M i i 192 

DAVIS, C R 192 

DAVIS, E 193 

DAVIS, E S !!!!!! 193 

DAVIS, IS ! ! 194 

DEADMAN ! ! ! ! ! 196 

DEDUC, K !.!!.!! 197 







DIVES, J 202 








DROWN, E 210 

DROWN, ER 211 


DUNN(SR), H 214 

DUNN(JR), H 216 


DUNN, R 217 


DYER, J 220 






EDIE, A 223 

EDIE, R W 227 

EDIE, G B 228 

EDIE, H 231 

EDIE, J & M 232 

EDIE, J H 234 



ELLIS, A 242 

ELLIS, W A 244 

ELLIS, ED 246 

ELLIS, F G 247 

ELLIS, F 248 

ELLIS, R G 249 

ELLIS, MS 250 

ELLIS, J F 252 

ELLIS, J D 253 

ELLIS, L W 255 

ELLIS, P D 257 

ELLIS, R 262 

ELLIS, R W 262 

ELLIS. ED 264 

ELLIS, W G 265 

EMERY, T 266 



ENGLISH, W '267 

ENGQUIST, J ; . 268 


ESBIE, D 271 


FARLEY, J H 273 

FAYLE, W 273 

FEDDER, R C 279 



FIGLEY, C 281 


FITCH, EL 282 


FLINT, W 284 



FOSTER, H 287 













FRY, R.L 313 







GARDNER. .V. 324 

GARNER. L 324 

GARNER. J 325 



GATES. N 328 








GAUGER, C F 335 

GAYLE, J T 336 

GEORGE, J 337 

GffiSON, M J 337 


GIMPLE, I 339 



GLIMP, HA 340 




GOODY, N F 345 

GREEN, C 345 

GREEN, J S 346 

GREENS, K 347 

GREEN, T 350 

GREER, J G 351 



GROSS, K 355 

GROVER, W 357 





HAIGHT, W G 363 

HAIGHT, C 365 

HALL, EM 366 

HALL, H 367 




HANSEN, M J 372 



HARDY, C 375 

HARMON, P 378 

HARMON, A O 381 

HARMON, B D 381 

HARMON, B W 383 


HARMON. H M 383 

HARMON, O M 385 

HARN, H R 385 

HARRIS, V C 388 

HARROP, I & C 391 

HARVEY, J 392 

HAWKES, H 392 

HAYDEN, J 394 

HAYS, J W 394 


HENMAN, E 396 







HILL, M 405 





HILL, M V 413 


HJORT, C A 414 

HJORT, C W 416 

HJORT, D L 417 

HJORT, G A 417 

HUORT, P 418 

HJORT, S 419 

HJORT, W A 419 

HJORT, W L 420 

HODGES, L E 423 

HOGGAN, C 427 

HOGGAN, M C 428 

HOGGAN, R 430 

HOHMAN, M 433 

HOHMAN, V M 436 






HOOPES, B 442 

HOOPES, J N 443 

HOOPES, J D 445 


HOOPES, T A 447 

HOOPES, W P 449 

HOPE, J H 451 


HUGHES, O L 453 


HULET, C V 455 


HUNTER, E 462 

HUNTER, E R 462 

HUNTER, M 464 

HUNTER, R J 465 



HURST, G W 467 

HUTTON, B 474 

MAPS 476 

(Townships 2-52 with Reference Map) 







JACOBY, E 520 

JACOBY, J P 521 

JACOBY, S 522 

JACOBY, L 523 

JAQUES, L 524 



JENSEN, C 528 

JENSEN, C & E 530 

JENSEN, D 532 

JENSEN, N 536 

JENSEN, P 538 

JENSEN, S 539 






JOHNSON, M & B 544 






JONES, V 552 

JONES, H 554 

JONES, T R 554 


JUDY, J M 556 





KATOR, H 561 





KELLER, E 567 




KIDD, L 576 









KITE, I 583 


KROKER, C 585 

KROKER, J 586 

KROUCH. D 586 



LAIRD. J A 587 

LAIRD, B 388 








LAIRD. R *^' 

LAMB. A *>^ 





LANDON, A 608 

LANDON, J 609 


LAPHAM, F 611 


LARICK, J 612 


LARSON, M 616 

LARSON, T , 617 

LAU, C 617 



LAWSON, P 620 

LAWSON, S 623 


LAYNE, G 626 

LEE, H 627 

LEEK, L 628 

LEE , O 628 

LEE, T 633 

LEE, W 634 

LEMONS, D 635 

LEMONS, K «fc D 637 

LEMONS. J 638 


LENT, E 641 

LENT, L 641 












LEVAN, D 662 


LEWIS, W 666 

LIDY, R 667 

LIGHT, E 669 


LINGO, M 671 

LOTT, G 671 


LUJAN, V M 673 

LYON, C B 674 

LYON. T 675 



MARLOW. T G 681 



MARTIN , H 683 









MCCOY. T 693 




MCCUNE, C 696 







MCGARRY, L &.V 702 

MCGARRY. R &.M 703 

MCGARRY. J & M 704 

MCGARRY, P &.K 704 




MCLOY. J 707 











MILLER. H 723 

MILLER. J 724 

MILLER. L 725 


MOON, O 726 

MOORE, B 726 

MORRIS. E 727 









NANTZ, D 738 

NELSON, E 738 



NIBLEY, J W 740 

NICHOLS, J & F 742 



NORRIS, F 746 


OAKLEY, C 748 

OVARD, B V 749 

OWENS, J T 751 

OWEN, M & C.(THOMAS) 752 


PALMER, E 755 

PALMER, J 755 

PALMERJ & R 757 

PALMER, R 757 

PALMER, R G 758 


PARKER, C 763 




PARMER, T 771 

PATCH, P 771 



PATT, JR., A 776 

PATT, A J 778 

PATT, F W 779 

PATT, IF 780 

PATT, J S 780 

PATT, W 781 







PLOTT, M 796 

POOLE, J 796 

POPE 797 



POWELL, E 799 

POWELL, F 800 

POWELL, L 802 

POWERS, L R 803 

PRICE, D 804 


PUZ, J C 806 

PYKE, FA 806 

PYKE, F H 807 


QUIGLEY, F «& M 809 

QUIRL, G I S 813 


RAINEY, T 814 


RANSOM. O 815 






RASMUSSEN, H «& A 826 


RASMUSSEN, J «& N 830 



RAYNER. M 835 

RAYNER, H 836 




RENO, F 8^2 


RICH, C ^"^ 


RIGBY. W 849 











ROBSON, T 868 

ROBSON, W 869 

ROCK, D 870 

ROCK, J 872 

ROSCOE, E 873 

ROSE, A 874 

ROSE, D 876 


ROSE, P 878 

ROSE, W 879 

ROSS, D 883 

ROSS, L 884 


RUE, R 885 


RUSH, H 886 





SALMON, M 889 

SAMPLE, S 889 

SAMPLE, W A 892 

SANDY, T 894 




SCOTT, B 900 

SCOTT, W A 901 


SHARP, L 902 



SHENTON, H «& H 905 

SHUPE, L 908 





SILL, H 913 

SILL, E (POP) 917 




SMALL, B 920 

SMALL, D 921 

SMALL, E 923 


SMALL, S 926 

SMALL, H 927 

SMALL, L & M 930 

SMITH, C H 932 

SMITH, E 935 

SMITH, F 935 

SMITH, R 937 

SMITH, H L 940 

SMITH, W 940 


SMITH, S 941 

SOULE, G 942 







SPIERS, J 953 

SPDSfO, T 954 

SPONG, A 955 












STEVENS, n. 972 












STOEHR, J 1003 


STOOPS, H 1006 

STOOPS, P 1006 

STORER, F 1009 



STRONG, W 1011 




SULLIVAN, M«feN 1017 


SWAN, B 1018 

SW ANSON, L (ROY) 1018 




SWIM, R&W 1027 

SWINK, A 1027.1 



TARRAN, H 1030 





TAYLOR, A E 1036 

TAYLOR , A H 1037 


TAYLORS, E 1040 


TAYLOR, F G 1047 

TAYLOR, H&A 1048 

TAYLOR, P E 1052 

TAYLOR, AW 1054 


TERRILL, C E 1057 

TERRY, R 1058 




THOMAS. B H 1062 

THOMAS. G W 1064 


THOMAS, ED 1068 

THOMAS, D E 1069 

THOMAS, D W 1073 

THOMAS, G D 1076 

THOMAS, G.W 1080 

THOMAS, W H 1083 

THOMAS, R W 1084 

THOMAS, T N 1090 




THOMPSON, .N 1092 



TIBBirrS, B 1099 


TIPTON, B&B 1101 


TRUXAL, AC 1103 

TUCKER, J M 1104 

TUCKER, RD 1105 

TUCKER, S 1106 

TURNBULL, W A 1 107 


ULRICH, DR 1109 



VACATION-19Q6 1113 

VADNAIS, A 1114 


VADNAIS, E 1116 

VADNAIS, L 1120 

VADNAIS, O 1121 

VADNAIS, C R 1 123 

VADNAIS, T 1124 

VADNAIS, T &M 1130 

VAIL, D S 1132 

VAN NOY. J 1133 

VAN NOY. WE 1134 

VAN NOY. WT 1135 

VENNER. F 1135 


WAGONER. C ll^f' 

WALLACE. B M 1138 

WALKER. J ll"*^ 

WALSTROM. C 1 1 ^"^ 

WARD. R & M 11^^ 

WARING. B&R ll-*- 


WARING, R W 1146 

WARING, R«&L 1148 

WARING, W 1151 

WATSON, R 1153 

WATTS, C B 1154 

WATTS, G 1155 

WATTS, R 1155 

WEBSTER, H R 1156 

WEBSTER, J B 1159 

WEBB, S 1159 

WELLARD, D R 1161 

WELLARD,.D 1161 

WELLARD, M 1163 

WELLS . H 1164 

WEST, H 1165 

WHITNEY, H 1166 


WHITZEL, E 1168 

WIESE, H 1168 

WILDING, B 1170 

WILDING, W 1171 

WILDING, H 1172 

WILKS, W (BILL) 1173 

WILLES, H D 1174 

WILLES. R 1177 

WILLL\MS, B 1178 


WILLL\MS, F 1180 

WILLL\MS, M 1181 

WILLL\MS, O 1182 

WILLL\MS, R 1183 

WILLL^MS, W 1185 

WILMOT, W 1186 

WILSON, D 1186 

WILSON, E 1187 

WILSON. L 1189 

WILSON, R V 1190 

WILSON, S P 1190 

WILSON, T 1192 

WINNETT, A 1194 


WINSPER, J 1196 

WLSC 1198 



WOOD, H C 1202 

WOOD, J D 1203 

WOOD, R 1206 

WOOD, T 1207 






WRIGHT, B 1212 

WRIGHT. E 1214 

WRIGHT, L 1216 

WRIGHT, W 1216 



YOUNG, A 1217 



YOUNG, L 1223 


ZINK, F (BUD) 1225 


ZUFELT, G 1227 

ZUFELT, D 1228 

ZWEIFEL, G 1229 


ZWEIFEL, J & H 1236 


ZWEIFEL, "JOE" 1236 





XVI 1 


Leona. Alan Wm. Mother Marv. Juanita 

We didn't go to church, while our family lived 
at our Indian Creek homestead. Our family were 
some of the early people settling this area, so there 
weren't too many people around. 

As children, I can still remember how excited 
my brother and I would be when Dad would need to 
go down to Dubois on business, and would tell us we 
could go along. We enjoyed the trip, even if it was 
rough, because we could hardly wait until he went to 
the grocery store, so we could get our bag of penny 
candy. Boy, was that ever a treat. 

Dad would pull into the park by the creek, so 
we could eat the lunch we brought with us. He would 
leave our horses and wagon there also, as there was a 
livery stable down by the creek. Traveling into town 
in the wagon was not easy traveling, as we would go 
up and over many rocks, and that road never did 
smooth out. 

I, Leona Morris was bom July 24, 1910 at 
Ucon, Idaho. I had one brother, William, born at 
Rexburg in 1912. Our parents were Elias and Mary 
Tyler Morris. 

As I remember, we didn't have very many 
house parties, but dad always had fish in a can in the 
creek. When friends or relatives came to visit, 
mother would fry platters and platters of fish, and 
sage hens — there were get togethers like that, but that 
was not really a party. 

We didn't go to Lidys, we played with the 
neighbor children and in the nearby creek. As 
children we would invent our own games. William 
would catch the chipmunks. There were a lot of 
them. He'd put a string harness on them and h(X)k 

them up to a match box. 

When school started in the fall, we went back 
to Hibbard to go to school. This meant that we had to 
live in Hibbard when school started and stay there 
until it was out in the spring. 

I remember our family had the only threshing 
machine around. We would cut our grain v^ith a 
header and stack it, then we went to all the neiehbors 
and threshed grain and exchanged work. 

The family would meet up around the flume in 
the canyon of Indian Creek under the Aspens. On 
Sf)ecial holidays we would bring a picnic. 



Leona. Elias Morris. \N m 

When we got our u-actor, my uncle put 
mother on it to show her how to start it, but he forgot 
to show her how to stop it. She hollered at him to tell 
her and he couldn't make her understand. He \^-as 
running along side trying to show her what \o do. 
There he caught his pants in the lugs of the tractor and 
about tore his pants off, but he was finally able to get 
through to her where to put her fixn and she got it 

My brother, William met wiili a terrible 
U-agedy, being injured while playini: at the Ira 
Hinkley's homestead. He was traasp^irted b> v^me 
"kind" family living at Medicine luxlize. who owned 
a M(xlel-T. Ford. He was Liken into DuKms, and 
later to Rexburg for u-eamient. llie accident left him 

crippled for life. 

I married Claude L. Alarvl. Mas 24. 19.M). 
We have one child, lionnie M Alatkl 

I pre.sently live in Rexburg. Idaho, but spend 
most of my winters in Calitiirnia 


% ^ 


"Bob" Albano was instrumental in building the 
present Kilgore store. The Post Office became housed 
in the store and in 1918 he was appointed Postmaster 
just before he joined the service. While overseas in 
the army he received a wound, which was to bother 
him from time to time the rest of his life. 

Elna was bom in 1896 to "Good" and Annie 
Rasmussen. She lived there attending school at 
Kilgore, and then went on to Albion. She taught for 
awhile at Kilgore, after her father's death. 

On June 8, 1918 "Bob" and Elna Rasmussen 
were married. Elna lived in a room in the back of the 
store and ran the store and post office while "Bob" 
was in the service. Upon his return they traded the 
store for "Jim" Harmon's ranch for $10,000. 

Rasmussen Girls 

Elizabeth "Bettv". Carrie. Margaret & Elna 

1908 or 1909 at Bear Gulch 

They raised grain, and had a bumper crop. 
Uncle Jack handled the sale of the grain. They were 
hard pressed to get the grain to the Spencer railroad 
by the deadline. They made it. This caused them to 
reconsider their options. They took the money from 
the sale of the grain and walked off (because they 
owed so much yet). 

In L.A., California, Bob studied at an Electric 
Automotive school. 

The trip to California was fought with many 
trials. Accompanied by "Pat" Bennett, Betty and 
"Kenny", they left, pulling all their worldly 
possessions behind in a home made two-wheel 
(bicycle) trailer. Not withstanding the rigors of travel, 
they broke down before they got to Dubois. They 
traded it to Aunt Caroline for a smaller one, leaving 
some things behind. By the time they got to Filmore, 
Utah, they did well to make fifty miles a day. At Las 
Vegas, land along the strip could be bought for 
twenty-five cents an acre and they didn't have a 
quarter to invest. 

The next spring they moved to Salt Lake, 
where he worked at the Railroad Depot until they 
found out about his disability. At a battery 
manufacturing place his wound sent him to the 
hospital. After this they went back to Kilgore. 

He found work at Blackfoot as an oiler in a 
sugar factory just opening up, and advanced to Chief 
Engineer. He took disability training at a Technical 
school and worked for Utah Power while attending 

At the C.L. Electric shop in Pocatello he 
learned to re-wind car armatures. In 1930 he and Mr. 
Lewis opened the Electric Service Shop. 

His wound continued to plague him. The 
insurance he carried at the time he was wounded was 
trying to renege. Some lawyers in Boise heard about 
him and wanted to press the case, as they had won 
other such cases. In 1933 they won the case. "Bob" 
then bought out Mr. Lewis and went into business for 
himself, until his death in 1960. 

The couple had two sons, Keith and "Dick", 
and a daughter, Maxine. 



Clair. "Sid". Theo. .Tav. Howard 

My parents, Sidney and Eunice Albano, came 
to Clark County in 1913 from Colorado. Clair, 
Howard and Theo were born in Colorado. Glen, 
myself and Patsy were born in Clark County, with Dr. 
Tucker as our doctor. I was born in Idmon, about one 
mile west of the Idmon Store, school, hotel, on the 
road to Spencer. I attended the Kilgore School. My 
teacher was Mrs. Bennett. A big red dog called Dick, 
pulled me to school on skis. That same dog helped 
me with my chores, hauling wood and manure. Mr. 
"Dave" Hirschi gave me the dog when he lost the bid 
to carry the mail to Trude, toward Yellowstone Park. 
I think I was in the second grade at the time. He was 
the lead dog on Hirschi 's dog team. The rest of my 
schooling was in Spencer, where I rode a horse six 
miles to school. My mother died, when I was 11 
years old, of pneumonia. That winter I stayed in 
Spencer with Mr. and Mrs. "Sid" Close to go to 
school. The next winter I boarded in an old rock 
house. I left school in the middle of my first year of 
high school to help my brother feed cattle in Kilgore. 
The family had moved to Spencer for the winter. We 
used to put up hay all over Camas Meadows and the 
Rattle Snake ranch. The first year we lived at Rattle 
Snake that ranch produced 800 tons of hay. During 
the depression and the droughts the creeks at Rattle 
Snake and Corral Creek went almost dry. So we had 
to move the cattle to where the hay was located, in 
Kilgore, Spencer, and then for one winter to 
Blackf(M)t, Idaho. I remember, before mother died, 
we stayed in Spencer. We had one old cow that uv 

kept in the Wood Live Stock livery bam. We made 
butter and sold milk all over town. Mr. Sellers tended 
the livery barn and he really had good stock when he 
was there. I remember my first show. I went to it on 
a sleigh and hayrack from Rattle Snake to Spencer. I 
tied the team and sleigh to the light post behind 
Finalyson Store, and walked over to the school where 
the show was. It was cold, so dad put blankets on the 
horses. During the show the wind blew the blankets 
over the horses heads. Dads big old team pulled back 
and broke the tie ropes and ran off on their way 
home. They ran over Three Mile, at Halls, who lived 
between Three Mile and Box Springs. They headed 
for home, went between milk house and shop, then 
managed to lift the hay rack which had a lantern under 
a quilt and never even tipped the lantern over. We 
found them in the field where the haystacks were. We 
had to borrow a team from Wood Live Stock 
Company to get home. So did not get to see the show 

"Ted" Vadnais stayed with us that v»inier. We 
were all real sick with measles or small pox. Can't 
remember which, had an awful time doing the chores 
and milking. We had 50 head '<'>i cows and 100 head 
of horses, 200 head of sheep and some chickens. 

The 4th of July was always the biggest 
celebration of the year, held at the rodeo grounds in 
Kilgore. Later dad sponsored rodeo's ak)ve Spencer 
for a couple of years. 

We never had a telephone or electric lights till 
I was 10 years old and we lived in Spencer. We 
always had wo(xl stoves, a pump in the and old We had a garden for fresh vegetables. 

One winter my older brother. Howard, 
decided to raise coyotes, he ran them down on a 
horse, tied them to his .saddle. He fenced them in 
with chicken wire, had 6 or 8 of them. One night 
they all dug out from under the fence and got au-ay. 
Dad was glad. I think, Howard was feeding 
the coyotes our chickens. 1 milked my first cow. her 
name was Buttercup, .she came in with the other cows 
that dad had turned out to dry up. I milked her i>ut on 
the big manure pile behind llie barn Dad did not 
km)w 1 was milking her until c^ne day I came in and 
showed dad the milk and how much .she had Dad 
was a little mad. She had a calf the next d.»y or tww 
I hauled hay when 1 was 12 years old Om- time I v^-as 
to get hay for the haying ht>rscs. got a team h.»d 
colLs, they had not bi-en wiirked for a h»ng tin>c I 
could not find any lines, stt 1 t.x)k bridle reias and 
made lines, ho«iked them up atxl v.ent to ti>c field 

where they were mowing and raking hay. I got off to 
throw the hay on the rack. The horses were eating 
and pulled the knot through hames and ran off. I 
made it to the rack, but could not pull the knot 
through the hames. They went over a big ditch - 
everybody said they could see under me clear across 
the field. Rattle Snake ranch had 1600 acres one 

mile to the forest line and a mile south of the ranch. 
At that time it was all open range. Later the Taylor 
Act came in. 

There was a dry farm, when I was small, 
south about 6 miles that belonged to Jack Campbell. 
They had to haul water from the Rattle Snake ranch in 
a model T truck. Mrs. Campbell would walk up to 
the ranch to visit mother; she was rather a large 
woman. When she got up to leave she would say, "I 
guess I'd better be skipping along." She sorta 
wobbled along. I left Clark County in January, 

1941, enlisted in the army, went in to get my year 
over with and it took 4 years and nine months before 
I got home from the war I did not get back to Idaho 
for 18 years. 

We traded 440 acres ranch there for 37 acres 
north of Zillah, Washington. Then we sold the ranch 
and bought a grocery store, hardware, restaurant, 
barber shop and beauty shop and 18 rentals in Buena, 
Washington. Later sold the business and now live in 

Going back to my childhood, dad had a team 
that did pull more according to weight than any team 
there at the fair in Blackfoot. They also used to have 
a pulling contest between farmers at Kilgore and 
Idmon. I worked for "Ed" and Virginia Frederiksen, 
then at Humphrey for an old Texan, I forget his name, 
for one dollar a day, and later, until the Service, for 
George Grub. I cooked sour dough biscuits for 
Landon who ran for President. This was out at the 
Sheridan ranch. I met my wife in California when in 
the Service. Our oldest boy was born in 
Pennsylvania. After the service we had four more 
(Julie, Billy, Sidney, Karen) they all live close by. 
My mother's sister, Mrs. Mayhew, lived in Camas 
Meadows, that's where the folks went when arriving 
at Spencer from Colorado. 

(NOTE) Raymond J. Albano, was credited with killing 
82 Germans during World War II. 

Albano was dubbed the "one-man task force" 
from East Idaho, when he killed 82 Germans and 
captured 31, knocked out 21 machine guns, two 88 's, 
and two 20 

-mm cannons, in late 1944, while with the 95 U.S. 







^- - ^- 



In 1913 "Sid" Albano, his wife, Eunice, their 
three children, Clair, Howard and Theo, and "Sid's" 
two brothers. Jack and "Bob", left Colorado and went 
to Spencer, Idaho. They wanted to homestead some 
land. At the time Eunice's sister and her husband, the 
Elmer May hews, were living on a place they had 
homesteaded in Camas Meadows. It was located just 
south and east of a place in the road known as "The 

The Mayhews had built a nice house and a 
barn on their place. They also had a windmill. They 
seemed to be doing quite well at that time, but they 
left the Meadows about three years later. 

"Sid", "Bob" and Jack came in a railroad 
freight car along with all their earthly possessions. 
These included the household goods, farm machinery 
and their horses. It was April and there was still snow 
on the ground. "Sid" has said that when he saw the 
snow he hated to stop and would like to have kept 
going. However, he had only ten dollars in his pocket 
and so had no choice. Eunice and the three small 
children had come on the passenger train and arrived 
in Spencer two days before the men and the freight 
car. They stayed at the hotel for the two days. The 
freight car was unloaded, and the household goods put 
on the wagon. A team was hitched up and the family 

started for the May hews. As they neared the 
Meadows and the snow got deeper, the wagons were 
left by the roadside and the trip was completed on 

"Sid" and Eunice filed on a 160 acre claim, 
one mile east of Spencer, south of the road. They 
built a log house and a barn. Later, they built a rather 
nice frame house. Jack and "Bob", who were both 
single, worked for Wood Live Stock Company. Later 
they owned and operated the Kilgore store and Post 

While on the homestead near Spencer, "Sid" 
and Eunice would go to Camas Meadows and contract 
haying jobs for a share of the hay. In 1918, they sold 
their place to the Wood Live Stock Company and 
bought a place in the Meadows, about a mile west of 
the Idmon store. The pattern for most of the 
homesteaders was to get the deed for their land, then 
sell it to the Wood Live Stock Company, after they 
found that it was impossible to make a living on it. 
Two more sons, Glen and Raymond Jay, were bom in 
the Meadows. They acquired a number of cattle and 
horses, but the depression after the first World War 
took its toll and the mortgage companies foreclosed on 
most of the farmers, including the Albano family. 

In 1923, they moved to the area known as 
Rattlesnake, just six miles east of Spencer. They 
increased their cattle herd and horses and milk cows. 
They were about the first farmers in the area to own 
a milking machine. The cream was separated from 
the milk and shipped in cans to Idaho Falls. The skim 
milk was fed to the calves. 

For many years Eunice made butter for the A. 
S. Trudes on the Railroad Ranch in Island Park. 
About twenty-five pounds was sent once a week by the 
mail carrier. 

Their home became a half-way house for 
nearly everyone going from Spencer to Camas 
Meadows, especially in the winter. Sometimes people 
stayed all night, especially if the roads were muddy or 
snow-covered, or if it was snowing or blowing. Other 
times they stopped to visit and leave the latest news. 
The mail carrier usually kept an extra team there. No 
matter for what reason, everyone was welcome and 
invited in for a warm meal and a game of cards in the 

In 1925, their youngest daughter, Patsy, was 

The Albano children attended the one-room 
schools in different locations. They went to sch(K)l at 
the old log sch(K)l, Hancock sch(X)l, south of Idmon. 

May Allen was the teacher. In Kilgore, Margaret 
Rasmussen was the teacher. They also attended the 
new school at Idmon and later at Rattlesnake. They 
all attended High School at Spencer. "Sid" served on 
the school board at Spencer. He also served as a 
county commissioner. 

The crash of 1929 followed by the great 
depression of the thirties and the subsequent years of 
drought and low cattle prices brought an end to most 
of the small independent farming operations, 
including the Albano's. The cruelest blow the family 
suffered was Eunice's death in 1931. By that time, 
the older children were married. Later "Sid" 

married again to Rita Owens in 1934. She was 
previously married to "Charhe" Hall. The family 
moved to Montana. 


When we look back on those years spent in 
Spencer and Camas Meadows, we realize that limes 
were hard, but we accepted it. We had our families 
and our friends. People all knew each other and were 
concerned about their welfare. We had some gixxl 
times. We made our own fun and entertainment In 
the summer, the families pot together and played 
baseball. The Fourth o\ July celebrauons u-ere 
anticipated all year. We got the day off and a dollar 
to spend. We tix)k our horses and raced them and 
r(xle bucking steers. There were als^i fixM races. 
pulling matches and other contests. 

In the evening the adults had a big dance. 

In the winter dances in the schoolhouses were 
the big entertainment. All members of the family 
came. The younger children were put to sleep on the 
floor in the cloak-rooms or in various comers. Lunch 
was served about midnight. If it was snowing or 
blowing, people sometimes stayed until morning when 
they had to go home to care for their livestock. 

Music was furnished by local musicians, and 
most of them were very good. There were the 
Vadnaises, the Harmons and the Faucetts and others. 

We shall always treasure the memories of the 
years spent in Clark county. 







My first teaching position was in the one room 
school, called Edie, located at Upper Medicine Lodge, 
in the fall of 1911, which was in Fremont County at 
this time. 

The only recreation in this community were 
the dances held in the nearby community of Medicine 
Lodge. We drove in a horse and buggy during good 
weather and by sleigh in the winter, some 25 miles 
one way to attend the dances. There were also dances 
at the one room school at Edie. Lunches were 
brought to be eaten at mid-night and then we would 
dance some more. For music, we had a mouth organ, 
but for special occasions, such as wedding dances, we 
had an organ and violin. The musician playing for us 

may not have been a violinist, but when he played, we 
danced and had a lot of fun. 

My mother and father, John and Caroline 
Jensen Peterson, came from Brigham City, Utah, to 
homestead in Idaho Falls, Idaho, shortly before my 
arrival into the family. All of their belongings were 
packed into a wagon which my mother drove, while 
my father came behind on foot with the stock. 
Settling three miles east of Idaho Falls, known as 
Eagle Rock, they acquired 160 acres. At a later date, 
they acquired 160 more acres as a timber claim. 
Although the land was ours to farm, there was little 
money to live on and father went to Butte, Montana, 
to work in the railroad shops before the land was even 
cleared. Mother was left behind to care for four 
children, Helen, "Pete", Rose and Jack. There were 
no fences or barriers to keep the stock in and they had 
to be chased every night. 

When father returned from Butte, he cleared 
enough land to build a dugout. This dugout was to be 
our home and shelter for the next few years, and it 
was where I, Ludy Eulalia, was welcomed into the 
world, on December 27, 1889. 

A dugout was not a very cheerful place, as it 
was literally a hole in the ground with the outside built 
up with logs used to form the sides and roof. It was 
a single room with a dirt floor. The furniture was 
sparse, having traveled from St. Joseph, Missouri, 
where my parents came from after coming from 
Denmark, then from Brigham City, Utah, to our 
dugout in Idaho Falls. When we were big enough to 
play, a school section was added for us to play in, 
and, like other children, we played in the usual ways; 
yet, we helped tend the stock when necessary. 

Later father constructed a large two-story 
house with four rooms upstairs and six rooms 
downstairs. We lived in the Ammon School District 
and attended a one room school until I finished the 
fifth grade, then attended school in Idaho Falls. Here 
we had a white-top buggy for daily transportation. I 
was very active in athletics and joined the basketball 
team, always playing on the main team through high 

I decided to become a school teacher, so the 
summer following high school graduation, went to 
Pocatello to attend what was called Sunmier Normal, 
It took only a summer of study to acquire my 
teacher's certificate. 

The summer of 1912 I obtained a high school 
certificate in Pocatello. That fall, I taught at Small, 
Idaho. I had 9 pupils and the school year was only 6 
months long. In April, I went to Teton Basin to teach 
summer school at Badger, a little distance from 
Tetonia. In the fall, again I returned to Small. From 
Small, I went to Coos Bay, Oregon, and taught for six 
months. The trip from Idaho Falls to Coos Bay was 
an arduous one for me. We traveled from Idaho Falls 
to Portland, Oregon, then took a boat to Marshfield. 
That winter I went back to Idaho and taught at Edie 
once again. The next summer, I attended summer 
school at Albion Normal. After the session was over, 
I filed on a homestead at Dubois, Idaho. It was a dry 
farm. Upon completion of my filing, I went to 
Lewiston, Idaho, and attended Lewiston, Idaho 
Normal for two summer months to renew my teaching 
certificate and then taught at Cottonwood. This school 
was near my homestead. I spent weekends on my 
homestead and boarded the rest of the week at the 
Frank Underwoods, while I was teaching. It was at 
the Underwoods that I met my future husband, Albert 
Albretsen, in the fall of 1917. Albert was a music 
teacher for the area and made his headquarters at the 
Underwood's home. I took violin lessons from him 
and when he played for some of the Cottonwood 
dances, I attended them, but had very little chance to 
dance with him. He was so busy entertaining. 

Albert had no means of transportation for 
going out places, but we were content sp)ending the 
time at Underwoods and playing cards. 

We were married April 22, 1918, at Ogden, 
Utah, by Judge Adam L. Peterson, and then we went 
to Hyrum, Utah, to meet Albert's relatives. We 
returned to Cottonwood and settled into the house 1 
had built when I first filed my claim. That fall we 
harvested 50 acres of wheat, and Albert started 
plowing for the next crop the following spring. 

Our first baby was born February 15, 1919, 
at Grandma Peterson's house in Idaho Falls. He was 
named John Peter. When the baby was three weeLs 
old, we returned to the dry farm. 

Life was not easy on the farm. Our water had 
to be hauled in barrels from a distance of four miles, 
where it was put in a cistern. That summer we had 
the makings of a nice crop, but it was lost due to a 
severe drought. 

That winter, we went to Kilgore, Idaho, where 
I taught sch(X)l and Albert continued to teach music. 
We lived in a teacher's house next to the schcxii, 
where I taught, and had a girl named Mary SchulLs 

come to take care of John. In the spring, we moved 
back to the dry farm, and that summer I returned to 
school at Albion. Baby John went v»ith me, and I had 
another girl, Ruth Brower help me. The following 
fall, I went to Midway, Idaho, to teach. Midway was 
located north of Dubois, Idaho, and was later moved 
when the highway went through there. 1 lived in a 
teacherage and had another girl with me by the name 
of Mae Rock. Through the winter, Albert came to see 
me on weekends, as the stock on the dr>' farm had to 
be taken care of while I was away. 

Our first daughter, Fern, was born May 12, 
1921 at Idmon, near Kilgore, Idaho, at the home of 
Dr. Tucker. He was usually prepared for that kind of 

The summer of 1921 , 1 spent on the dry farm. 
returning to teach in the fall at Edie. The following 
summer was spent on the dry farm again, and 1 began 
another year of teaching at Edie in the fall, but was 
unable to complete it. Our third child, Oscar Eugene, 
was bom ahead of schedule on January 20, 1923. with 
only the help of my neighbor, Katherine Green. She 
had to come from the Saturday dance. It was cold 
that night and the snow was so deep, that it was 
difficult to travel. We named the child after my 

The following summer, the gophers were st> 
thick, that they demolished the crops, so we st)ld the 
machinery, left the dry farm, and moved to DuKiis. 
We were very discouraged. By this time, 1 had too 
many small children to be able to teach. Albert went 
back to music teaching and gave less<ins. 

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Arthur was only about 22 when they were 
married and Esther probably just under 18. There 
were three daughters and one son bom to this 
marriage. Rhea in 1911, Hazel in 1915, Dorothy in 
1919, and Arthur Dale in 1922. They were happy, I 
would say, for those twelve short years until Esther's 
death in 1922. I am sure Arthur was emotionally 
drained at the time wondering just how he was going 
to manage with three young daughters to take care of, 
but he never seemed to feel bitter about Esther's death 
or the death of his only son, Arthur Dale, four hours 
after birth. Lx)sing both of them only ten days apart 
must have been the greatest tragedy of his life, but he 
had a job to do, and he struggled on to finish the job 
alone. Arthur and Esther tried dry farming in the 
early years of their marriage and homesteaded a place 
on Camas Creek. He sold this one and moved to 
Dubois and began working for the railroad as a 
fireman. They farmed another place on Camas Creek 
and Arthur worked for the railroad at the time, but he 
finally gave up the farming and continued to work for 
the railroad. Dubois was quite a busy railroad stop in 
those days. I remember hearing him speak about the 
drastic flu epidemic of 1917 and 1918 and how he 
recalled working a straight 36-hour shift at one time at 
the roundhouse. 

Arthur was working for the railroad when 
Esther passed away May 2, 1922. 

The main street at the time in Dubois was to 
the west along the tracks. The street where we lived 
run north and south. The Dubois Hotel was a 
beautiful place, well kept, and the hub of the activity 
made so by the railroad men. They all knew us. We 
were "Art Albretsen's kids". Many times I was given 
some small change which made my day brighter. The 
second house, painted yellow, north of the Dubois 
Hotel was where we lived, also for a year or two we 
lived in the big white house, which was the last house 
to the north and to me was really a mansion. 

I remember the roaring hot fires Arthur used 
to build when we lived in the yellow house. We 
would huddle around the pot-bellied heating stove in 
the living room. It supplied heat for the entire house 
on those cold winter mornings. 

He had a big heart and many times extended 
a helping hand to anyone wherever he could. 1 
remember him helping some of his brothers in variou-s 
ways when they were in need. Upon one occasion, 1 
recall Arthur bringing home a young man for .supper 
who was passing through town via freight train 
looking for work. 

As a young child I always knew where to find 
Arthur at the railroad yards, usually in the pumphouse 
or in the roundhouse. Many times 1 went there 
looking for him for words of assurance. 

I remember the great depression, September, 
1929, when I was but ten years old. Upon arrival in 
Salt Lake City, Arthur was ordered back to Pocaiello. 
We were out of money, possibly Arthur u-as not sure 
of a job upon returning to Pocatello, so ended his 
railroad career and remained in Salt Lake city, 
working in the Utah smelters. I remember the 
mulligan stews and the onion and radish sandwiches, 
but I do not remember ever being hungry. 

In the spring Arthur returned to Dubois where 
he knew everybody. The only jobs available were 
sheepherding and odd jobs. He returned to Salt Lake 
in the fall to bring his family back to Dubois. After 
sometime, we were settled in a two-room house which 
he rented. Rhea remained in Salt Lake at the time. 
During the winter of 1930 Arthur acquired the job of 
janitor at the Dubois school house. He held this job 
until his death in 1946. About this time, we rented 
the then three-room house which eventually became 
the home of Rhea and Blaine Waring, hi.s 
daughter and son-in-law. The schcx)l was thdroughly 
cleaned and swept every night. This became my joh 
to stay after schcxil and help him through my Junior 
year, when Hazel, the second daughter, left for 
CaUfornia, then I also took over the job of shopping 
and preparing the evening meal. Arthur ttxik great 
pride in the school house and in his joh. Immediately, 
upon becoming janitor, he instituted a summer cleanup 
of the building and Hazel and 1 were enlisted to wash 
windows. Arthur would crawl into the stoker every 
summer to clean the fire box and the mechanism of 
the automatic feed from the hopper, to make ready for 
the fall opening of schcxil. 

Arthur was in very gixxl health He was ver> 
well liked by the boys at .schcxil, and he likeJ them. 
The boys enjoyed coming to the Killer rixim which 
kept the heating .system ojvraling, upon ivca.sion to 
chat with him. Night after night he would go back Ui 
the sch(X)l during the winter on behalf oi the girls' arxl 
boys' basketball teams practice .sessions to nuke sure 
there was hot water for showering. Wbc-n thi- sv'hixij 
house lawn and trees and fence became a realit> . be 
t(X)k pride in watering and miming and ukmg care oi 
them. As I Ux)k back. I t'irxl those wrrc Wi^rxk-rful 
years that 1 shared with Arthur each evening - it was 
only an hour's work, arvl then wr would w.ilk home 

When we lived in the three-room Rucker 
house, we always planted a garden in the back yard 
and he would really work in it. As I recall now, 
everything really came up well and he could hoe the 
weeds out in record time. 

Arthur had a good voice and often times 
would burst into song, singing "Two little Girls in 
Blue Land" and a church song "The Day Dawn is 
Breaking." He was kind man, never criticizing his 
neighbor. He was the best example I know of that 
second commandment, "Love thy neighbor as thyself." 
He was a great fisherman, I can remember walking up 
Beaver Creek from town, a distance of perhaps 1 1/2 
miles, fishing up one side and down the other. He 
had a real knack for catching fish with a pole and 
could bring home supper in a short time. I remember 
in later years that Rhea would drive him to Medicine 
Lodge, and let him off just below the Steve Green 
ranch. He would fish through those fields and emerge 
at the school house at Medicine Lodge where Rhea 
would be waiting. 

I believe that Rhea and Blaine gave Arthur the 
most enjoyment there was in his life in later years. 
Hazel and I had moved to California and we saw him 
only at vacation time. Upon some rare occasions, he 
came to California to see us. I remember Rhea and 
Blaine and Arthur came to California for the 1939 
World's Fair on Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay. 

Vacations back in Idaho, I remember well. A 
picnic and visits to Stoddard's Camp Ground above 
Spencer, Medicine Lodge Canyon, Centennial Valley, 
and the Kilgore area, Yellowstone Park and to spots 
into Montana. However, during the last of the 30's 
and up until 1946 when he passed on, Rhea and Blaine 
took him with them almost everywhere they went, on 
weekends trips, vacations, etc. 

In 1935, he purchased the small two-room 
house situated behind the church. Arthur and I lived 
here during my senior year at high school. It was in 
this house that he competed his Second Estate in the 
noblest manner and with great dignity. We feel he 
knew his time had come because of the first heart 
attack three days earlier. He passed on quietly in his 
sleep in his small home all alone and without fear on 
the night of January 11, 1946, of a massive heart 
attack. This home is now (1992) the home of Valeria 
Maxwell, relocated to the Roy Laird ranch south of 

And then again, there was a friend who said those 
comforting words upon Arthur's death at the age of 
58. "Do not mourn for him. His life here was lonely 

and his job finished. You girls are all grown and 
gone and he was ready." 




Virginia. Lynn. Thelmafl-r front step) 

I, Thelma Hodson, as a young woman, taught 
school at Medicine Lodge in 1929 and 1930. Here 
three grades were assigned to me, the first, second 
and third, a total of eleven students. 

"Dan" and Mary Thomas made me most 
welcome in their home, which was located just north 
of the schoolhouse, until the teacherage was completed 
for occupancy. The teacherage, was the former log 
schoolhouse, built at the J.D. Ellis ranch housing 
students for District #24 in the early 1900s. 

My parents were Albert & Victoria Wood 
Hodson. I was bom at Reno, Idaho, west of Dubois, 
September 26, 1909. My father at this time was 
working at the Reno ranch. Our family consisted of 
three boys and two girls - Blaine, "Don", Vince, 
Thelma Hodson Allen, and "Millie" Hodson Hartwell. 

My family later moved to Blackfoot were I 
attended school, graduating from Blackfoot high in 
1927. College days for me were at the Southern 
Branch of Idaho in Pocatello where I obtained my 
degree in education. 

Clarence A. Allen and I were married in May, 

We became the parents of three children, Jean 


Allen Girardell, Maureen Allen and Vince Allen. 

After having taught for 25 years in Blackfoot, 
Idaho, I retired September 1, 1975. 

The Medicine Lodge School Reunion of 1975 
was like old times. I never thought I'd have such an 
opportunity to again reminisce with old students and 
friends as we did on August 9, 1975. Attending the 
reunion with me were my husband, daughter, Jean and 
sister and husband, "Joe" and "Millie" Hartwell. 

Thelma passed away December 1979 and is 
buried at Blackfoot Cemetery. Her parents and 
brother, Vince are also buried at Blackfoot. 

Thelma was a very well known teacher, and 
especially respected for her disciplinary action with 
her students. 



George and Caroline 

George and Caroline were early settlers of 
Camas Meadows, homesteading with "Pete" McGarry, 
Sr. family. Their property was near the McGarry 

They also operated the Kilgore Store for a 
period of time. 

George was born in Colorado in 1875. His 
father was a warden of the Canyon City penitentiary. 
At this time prison tru.stees were allowed to help 
around some of the homes. They also operated a 
stage station in this same vicinity. His dad, Benjamin 
Franklin Allen, was married three times. The third 

marriage took place in Kansas, and they are the ones 
that had the family. There were five children. 
Benjamin came from a family of 8 or 9 children. 

Caroline was born near Hyrum, Utah in 1877. 

George and Caroline were the parents of 
several young daughters: Annie May Allen Bridges 
Lawson, Lucille Allen Oakley, Mildred Allen Beagles 
and Bessie Allen. 

George and Caroline eventually moved to 
Spencer to operate the Spencer Mercantile Store, then 
moved to Dubois. They became very active in countv' 
affairs at the time Clark County was horn. George 
was the first county Auditor/Clerk. For many years 
a picture of George Allen hung in the Clark Count)' 

Both George and Caroline are buried in the 
Dubois Cemetery, George passed away in 1936 and 
Caroline in 1940. 



Very little is kmmn of James Allen's early 
life. The records show he was b*irn 1 Deo 1858. but 
do not agree as tn where and ti> whom. One* record 
gives his birthplace as Marshall. Mis.s(iuri, atvl nihers 
give it as Kentucky; the Mm ot James E. or John Allen 
and Sarah Jane or Mar> Wilson. It is believed he h.»d 
3 brothers and 4 sisters viz: Genrge I' Ch.irlic 
Norman. John Fk-njamin Fliot l>ee. H>le Ann. Mjr> 
Jane, Flizabcth, and Sarah Francis (tliiahelh 


and Susan married brothers by the name of Bridges 
and went to Kansas). 

His father raised tobacco and as a young child 
James was required to pick worms from the leaves of 
the tobacco plants, a chore he didn't like. When he 
was a lad of about twelve or fifteen years, the healing 
of the country torn by the Civil War and the 
separation of families which it had caused, was just 
beginning. One day while picking worms, upon 
coming to the end of a row of tobacco, he put down 
his can of worms and kept walking. After a number 
of years he returned to see his mother and two sisters 
for a short time, but again left the area, never to 

James eventually found his way to Ogden and 
Harrisville, Utah where he found employment in the 
Childs' family brickyard. 

On 1 August 1898 in Ogden, he married 
Margaret McCullough. She was born 10 August 1868 
at Manchester, Lancashire, England, the 5th child of 
1 1 bom to John Carterite McCullough and Mary Ann 
Daniels-Brown. She came to America with her family 
in September 1873 on the Steamship Wyoming, barely 
escaping shipwreck after hitting a sandbar near Sable 
Island. They landed in New York 20 September. 
They arrived in Utah by train on 29 September 1873, 
settling in Harrisville near members of her mothers' 
family who had settled there earlier. 

This was a close family, concerned for one 
another and their welfare. 

In 1867 grading on the Union Pacific Railroad 
began. Margaret's uncles, William and Thomas 
Daniels-Brown, having had prior experience with the 
railroad, took another contract for work with the 
Union Pacific Railroad and the Utah Northern 
Railroad Section. Thomas becoming Section Boss in 
1877. He also worked in the Bannock City Mines in 
Montana and had become familiar with the area. Thus 
it was natural that Margaret's father, John 
McCullough became a railroad machinist, her 
brothers: John, a railroad carman; Thomas worked in 
the railroad shops in Idaho Falls and Pocatello; 
Charles became a railroad engineer; and William, a 
railroad brakeman-conductor on the Union Pacific 
Railroad running North from Ogden to Spencer and 

William McCullough being familiar with the 
Spencer-Kilgore area through his railroad work 
thought it would be a fine idea to have a beautiful 
place like this where he could vacation, not have to 
work and just fish in the su-eam passing through a 

most choice parcel of land, so proceeded to obtain a 
land patent on it. It didn't take long however, for him 
to find out things weren't going to work out as he had 

It was at this time his brother in law, James 
Allen and new bride Margaret, came to live on the 
homestead in Kilgore. William received a land patent 
for the W 1/2 of the SE 1/4 and the E 1/2 of the SW 
1/4 of Sec. 6 in Twp 12 N of R 39 E of the Boise 
Meridian, dated 27 Feb 1901. This property is now 
owned by Keith Siepert. On 21 Nov 1901 he sold the 
property to James and Margaret. 

A log cabin was constructed near the bank of 
West Camas Creek from logs hauled down from a 
canyon to the Northwest. Wood for cooking, corral 
posts and poles were also brought out of this canyon 
which today is known as Allen Canyon. The soil was 
rich and productive, wild hay grew high and thick, so 
thick the knife of the horse drawn mower could only 
cut half of a swath at a time. The hay was then baled 
and bound with a primitive iron baler and hauled into 
St. Anthony where it was traded for groceries and 
needed supplies. This baler was later hauled to Rigby 
and put into use there. 


An early veterinarian Doc Turpin, James 
Allen, and perhaps others built a fish pond on the head 
of Spring Creek. Here in the wintertime when the 
pond was frozen, an old sleigh box which had holes in 
the bottom was placed by the headgate, the gate was 
opened, and the pond drawn down, flushing the fish 
into the sleigh box. The next morning with the water 
drained off, the frozen fish were taken into the 
Roundhouse at Dubois where they were traded for 
groceries or sold to the railroad cook and workers. 

Each spring the cattle were turned out by the 
ranchers who lived there the year 'round. Dogs were 
used to scatter the cattle on the grazing ground. 
Roundup time in the Fall riders from Kilgore would 
split up to cover different areas. It would take James 
several days to cover his area to Marysville where he 
would stay overnight at the hotel, rest and clean up 
before starting home with the cattle. After returning 
to Kilgore the riders would cut the cattle from the 
main herd according to the different brands. 

Winters were harsh, snow lay deep in the 
canyons and meadows of Camas Creek. Many times 
the only way out was by dog sled. A very difficult 
experience for James and Margaret was when their 


young son, Everett, got into a can of lye and had to be 
taken out for medical treatment, a long distance by 
dog sled. 

As the time for the birth of her children grew 
near Margaret would board the train at Spencer and 
travel to Utah to be under her mother's care. Six 
children were born to them while living at Camas 
Meadows. They were: Charles Henry, b. dead 18 Aug 
1899; Ernest John, b. 10 July 1900, d. unmarried 8 
June 1953; Blanche, b. 20 June 1901, d. unmarried 24 
June 1944; James Albert, b. 4 Aug 1902, md. Maude 
Aby Myler 21 Feb 1925; Charles Everett, b. 17 May 
1904, md. Susie Pearl Cuthbert 18 Apr 1925, d. 28 
July 1%3; Margaret, b. 15 Jan 1907, md. Raymond 
Weyland 20 July 1929, d. 17 Dec 1984. 

Margaret, being of very small stature and frail 
physically, became quite ill around 1907; James 
fearing for her life, left the ranch to the care of 
neighbors and moved the family to Rigby where 5 of 
her 6 brothers had homesteaded. Here they resided on 
the east half of Charles McCullough's homestead one 
and one half mile south of town. While there James 
made many improvements and leveled the quarter 
section with a horse and scraper. 

20 April 1915 James sold the Camas Creek 
homestead plus lots 6 and 7 of Sec. 6 and lot #1 of 
Sec. 7 to August W. Ossman. He then purchased 
property on Main Street in Rigby and ranch properties 
one mile east of the sugar factory, on Deep Creek in 
Bonneville County, and in Hamer. He owned one of 
the first automobiles in Rigby, and enjoyed having 
fine horses. 

While living on the McCullough homestead, 
diphtheria and smallpox hit the area. Margaret, who 
was frail herself would go into the homes of those 
stricken and give care and nursing to those otherwise 
left unaided. 

Due to the extensive medical treatments for 
their daughter Blanche, during her lifetime, and the 
high interest rates during the Great Depression, most 
of their property was disposed of. It was at this time 
Margarets' health failed and she died 2 Feb 1934, a 
few months after the loss of the family farm. The 
corner of this property is still referred to as the "Jim" 
Allen Corner. 

James and his daughter, Blanche, moved to 
Idaho Falls for a short time before moving into a 
small home on 2nd North Street in Rigby. Here 
James spent the remainder of his life near his children 
and grandchildren. 

James died 22 December 1946 at Rigby and is 

buried beside his wife, Margaret in the family plot in 
the Rigby Pioneer Cemetery. 



"Ted" Allen was bom July 21, 1922 at 
Dubois, Idaho. His parents were John Julius and Ada 
Glover Allen. His family were early homesteaders 
east of Dubois. 

Some of the older Allen children attended the 
newly created Allen school. One of the first teachers 
was Mrs. Bessie Beagles. This school later became 
known as "Shepherd." Both names derived from the 
families of the community. These schools were short 

The Allen family moved to Tv^in Groves 
where "Ted" grew up. 

He married Helen Owens September 3, 1945. 
in St. Anthony. They lived for one year in Idaho 
Falls before moving to Twin Groves. 

He worked as a maintenance craftsman for the 
State of Idaho at the Youth Service Center for 27 
years, retiring in 1984. He also farmed and ranched 
in the area. 

"Ted" was a charter member of the Snake 
River Riding Club, producer for the Little Buckaroo 
Rodeos, member of American Dog Mushers 
Association, and helped organize the Fremont Count)' 
Wagon Train. 

They had four children, Sheila Allen TihhiLs. 
"Jim", Donald, and Rex. 

"Ted" passed away April 23. 1988 and is 
buried at St. Anthony. Helen has renurried. but sull 
lives in St. Anthony as of 1992. 
rf:xbur(; standard joirnalt^onmf stodpard 


The Amys well rcmcnik-r llu- h.ird winlt-rs in 
Silencer of the 40s and early .^Os, There urre 
blizzards when the wind and snow stornvs UsU'd Uh 
three or four days. Snow dritLs nude a path higher 
tlian a mans head when .slioveled out by harxJ S^mv 
dritLs you could walk up into the upsuirs ot their 


store at Spencer. 

Charles and Clairbel and family bought the 
Comfort Camp store, gas station, cabins, cafe and 
garage in Spencer from C.W. Hardy in September 
1944. This business became known as the Spencer 
Merc. They moved there from Howe, Idaho, where 
Charles had operated a small garage. Their young 
family of four children included-Mary Lee, Robert, 
Patricia and Jean. 

Charles Shovering Snow at the Spencer Merc 

Clairbel said they tried to buy the Hardy 
house, but Mr. Hardy refused to sell, so they set up a 
home in the store, with two sleeping rooms upstairs. 
She operated the cafe, so fed her family there. Many 
a time she cooked for a bus load of travelers stranded 
there during a winter blizzard. The store was the 
Spencer bus stop for the Intermountain Bus, with a 
couple runs traveling both north and south each day on 
old Highway 91, which ran directly in front of their 
store. In the summer they would usually have road 
crews, forest service men, or ranch crews staying in 
the cabins; many of these also ate at the cafe. 

Clairbel 's family treasured memories: 

"Charles and I were both raised in Howe, 
Idaho. We were married July 9, 1928. Our children 
attended school at Howe, then when we moved to 
Clark County they attended both the Spencer and 
Dubois schools when we resided in Spencer. After 
the county consolidation, Mary Lee went to Dubois 
where she graduated in 1949 with a class of twelve. 
This is when we lost our high school in Spencer, and 
with these students being transported to Dubois by 
bus, eventually the entire school was closed and bused 

to Dubois. 

We enjoyed the winter months, even though it 
meant a lot of snow shoveling, day in and day out. 
The children had their school activities and dancing on 
Saturday nights. My family always enjoyed the snow 
plane trips to Island Park from our home in Spencer. 

We had no major sickness, but miner ills were 
treated at the Idaho Falls LDS Hospital by Dr. CM. 
Cline. We sold the Spencer Merc to Alfred and 
Namon Crandal in 1954 and bought a stock ranch on 
Little Lost River. In 1958 we took the store back, our 
son Robert then took over the ranch. In 1963 we 
purchased the Kilgore Store, and Kilgore school 
property in 1969. We were planning to move our 
stock from Spencer to Kilgore when the Interstate 
Highway went through Spencer about 1970. Rodney 
Enos decided to buy our investments in Kilgore in 
1972, at which time we moved to Dubois and 
purchased the Ross and Bonnie Stoddard home on 
Oakley Avenue. Our holdings at Spencer were 
obtained by Mark Stettler of Idaho Falls, who is using 
the business as headquarters for his Spencer Opal 
Mine Operations. 

While living in Dubois "Charlie" and I 
attended Senior Citizens dinners quite regularly. We 
enjoyed being close to our daughter, Jean and family, 
when they lived nearby. Our children and 
grandchildren were good about coming to visit us 

It was hard to cope with the struggles of our 
oldest daughter, Mary Lee, when she was fighting to 
overcome her battle with cancer. She came home to 
spend quite a bit of time with "Charlie" and me, 
before the cancer won its hard fought battle. 

I was bom February 21, 1911 at Howe, 
Idaho, the daughter of Robert F. and Lucy A. Boyd 

When living in Howe we held our Sunday 
School in the school house, as I remember. 
Then, "Charlie" and I participated in the Dubois 
Conmiunity Baptist Church, while in Clark County. 

I like gardening and grew strawberries and 
raspberries. My spare time is spent knitting and 
making afghans and quilts. I believe I've given most 
of my grandchildren one of my creations. I enjoy 
working with my family on some of these projects. 
The girls and I often get together to quilt or can or 
make the many goodies for the holidays for our 
family. I also like to read a lot. 

As for telephones, electricity, water and 
bathrooms, as near as I can remember, since I was 


about twelve or fourteen, we had these luxuries. Our 
heat was with wood stoves, which made extra work 
that we knew had to be done; later we had oil stoves. 
In the fall of 1990 we decided to retire from 
yard work and moved into an apartment in Arco, 
where we enjoy the company of many old friends and 
relatives of the Butte County area, whom both 
"Charlie" and I grew up with, were neighbors of, and 
are close to most of our immediate family members. 
We sold our Dubois home to Glen and Cindy Cropper 
and family, who moved to Dubois from Idaho Falls, 
He been employed as head maintenance Supervisor for 
the Dubois School District." 



Harry S. Anderson traveled to many railroad 
towns, where he started working with the Union 
Pacific Railroad as a section hand. Later he learned 
telegraphy and worked his way up to depot agent. He 
worked in Roberts, Dubois and Idaho Falls. He 
retired as Depot agent in Roberts, working there from 
1916 to 1965. 

Harry was born January 15, 1895, in Laramie, 
Wyoming, son of "Chris" and Karen Hansen 
Anderson. His family moved to Roberts when he was 
six years old. 

On December 17, 1923, he married F. Leola 
Marriott at Dubois. She died in 1972. They were the 
parents of two daughters and one son. 

He was a charter member of the Roberts Lions 
Club, past master of Eagle Rock Lodge No. 19 
AR&AM, and served as secretary of the Roberts 
Cemetery Board. 

Harry was buried at the Annis Little Butte 



"There's no one like a dad... to care so 
completely, give so quietly, teach so gently, and td 
love so deeply." 


\ > 



"■lep" & Mavdia 

Jeptheo Estel Anderson, knouTi as "Jep" and 
J.D. to friends, and as Grandad to his family, was 
born August 30, 1895, to Peter Nelton Anderson and 
Josephine Hansen Anderson. In his life history, he 
wrote, "I was the seventh child of a family of ten 
children and eight half brothers and sisters. 1 lived on 
a ranch east of the big butte where my father ran 
horses and sheep. Then my parents moved to Burtt)n 
and that is where I started to school in a log building 
with a dirt roof. My father died leaving my mother 
with seven children. My father was a gcxxJ manager 
and a good provider, but times were rough those days 
for a woman with a family and after three or four 
years the family moved to Thornton. 

My brother, Reno, and 1 went to schix)l at 
what was known as Union Schtxil. 1 shifted for 
myself at an early age. I worked at anything 1 could 
get to do that paid anything at all. I spent a lot oi 
time in the Twin Falls county. Wages then were 
$1.75 per day for ten hours. 

In May 1918 1 was called into the service. 1 
went to Camp Lewis and from there to Camp 
Kearney, California, then to New Yi^rk and the 
English Channel to France. After s^imelime in France 
in the 40th Division, we were s-plit up and I joined the 
32nd Division and went to the front lines. 1 was 
wounded October 9. 1918 and after a humpy ride in 
a U-uck 1 wound up in a ho.spital in a to\s-n called 
Vetell. France. 1 was there when ilu- Armistice was 
signed. Along in February, one oi my nx^mnuies 
said my name was on the Bulletin Ikurd to gt> hi>me. 
Well, that was a happy day for me. Wlien 1 got on 
the b<iat to come home. 1 diJn'i know a .s*>ul. when 
Levi Saurey, a b*iy from my comi-uny. came up atxJ 
t(M)k hold oi ms arm Well, (iiat was reall> a 


surprise. He had been in another hospital and just 
happened to get on the same boat. It was a Hospital 
Ship and no other ships were along with us. When we 
were out a day or so we ran into a storm and it never 
let up till we were almost to New Port, Virginia where 
we landed. The Captain said he had been on the 
water for sixteen years and that was the roughest trip 
he had ever been on. Needless to say there were a lot 
of sick boys. The storm had let up when we pulled 
into the bay at New Port and we were sure we would 
get off that afternoon, but no such luck. They just 
anchored out in the bay and kept us on the boat until 
the next day. We were in New Port for eight days 
when they loaded sixty one of us in two railroad cars 
and sent us to Camp Fremont, California where I was 
discharged. I was moved around so fast in France 
that I never did write home till I was in the Hospital. 
I told my family to write to me at my company 
address as I would soon be back with them as I was 
just scratched up a little. In the meantime, mother got 
a wire I was severely wounded. My family was about 
to start trying to trace me up when I wired them from 
New Port, Virginia. I was discharged at Camp 
Fremont in March 1919. 

When I got home I just loafed around for a 
month, when I saw "Mike" Burkley and he said he 
had a job for me when I was ready to go to work. I 
was with "Mike" for quite sometime, when I left there 
and went to work for Miller Brothers and Anderson 
Koon Co. grain elevators. 

It was at Thornton when I met Maydia Sharp 
and we were married August 26, 1922. 

Maydia remembers that our wedding presents 
were a wooden rolling pin, a wash board, a silver 
ladle and a braided rug. We had a dripper wedding 

I bought a home in Thornton. 

The grain business wasn't looking too good, 
so we moved to Kilgore to run the Rasmussen ranch. 
After a year we went to work for Hillmans. We were 
with them for sixteen years. Our first year we lived 
in a log house at Hillmans. It was while we were 
here our daughter, Marilyn was born, July 30, 1923. 
She was ten months old when Maydia had a ruptured 
appendix and for a while it looked like I was going to 
loose her. She recovered and has been able to stay 
with me through some real hard times and has always 
looked on the bright side of things, no matter how 
rough they seemed. 

Wages weren't like they are now, but we had 
a lot of our living there on the ranch and Hillman's 

were sure good when we had any sickness, and we 
had plenty of that. 

Maydia would move to Idmon to live with 
Betty Bennett and son, "Kenny," to put Marilyn in 
school, while I batched at the ranch. 

In 1941 we bought the "Gus" Brauer place. 
We did well there, but had good help from our 
daughter, Marilyn. She was working for what was 
then the Triple A in Dubois. 

Marilyn & Sons 

Marilyn married "Bob" Wuthrich and they 
lived in Dubois where "Bob" worked for the railroad. 
On January 11, 1944, their son, Lance was born and 
on February 2, "Bob" left to go into the service. He 
was gone for two and a half years. Marilyn went 
back to work and Maydia and I took care of Lance. 
When "Bob" got home, they both stayed with their 
jobs, then after some time they decided to go to 
keeping house. Marilyn quit her job and we had to 
give up Lance, but they were all good to come home 
a lot. When Duel and Alair came along we were just 
as happy to have them. We have always been real 
thankful that "Bob" and Marilyn were so good to 
share their family with us. When the boys were big 
enough to help me in the field we always paid them, 
but if "Bob" and Marilyn kept track of the days and 
hours they put in at hard work, how much we would 
owe them! 

We decided to move where the winters 
weren't so long, thus were considering selling the 
Kilgore ranch. We bought the Ross Peterson place in 


Menan, and moved to this new location in the fall of 
1955. After a short time we sold our place at 
Kilgore, as I didn't want the job of running back and 
forth. I milked a bunch of cows here for a few years. 
The place needed a lot of work done on it. I had a lot 
of it done and I received an award from Soil 
Conservation for 1962 and again in 1963. We rented 
some ground to Bill Eames to plant beets. When 
Lance and Duel had to find better jobs than there were 
here for them, we sold our cows and rented the out 
place to Bill Eames which has proved out real good 
for us." 

Grandad always had names for all his cows. 

We remember that whenever Gram and 
Grandad would come to visit us, Grandad would be in 
a hurry to get home to milk the cows and feed the 

He worked hard all his life. Lance spent 
many summers working with him and recalls the long, 
long hours of hard work that he put in. Even after he 
retired. Grandad spent hours each day keeping up 
their large lovely yard to perfection. 

A grandfather is a little bit parent, a little bit 
teacher, and a little bit best friend." 

Grandad had a multitude of ways to entertain 
his grandchildren. He could cut out realistic, near 
perfect animals shapes from paper. From these, entire 
farm yard scenes would be created. Mom remembers 
her dad making them for her. He learned to make 
them as a boy when on rainy days he and his brothers 
would make barn yard scenes and his job was to make 
the animals. 

Grandad knew lots and lots of songs and used 
to sing them by the hours. One was about a little 
Colored Boy who ate too much watermelon and 
couldn't fit back through the fence. 

He loved to take his grand children and great- 
grandchildren for tractor rides. I can remember riding 
behind the tractor in the trailer and pushing piles of 
grass out for the cows. In the winter, he would pull 
the old wooden sled with wide wooden runners 
behind the tractor. The fields would be rough and 
bumpy and frozen and what a wild ride that would be. 

When Grandad bought the riding lawn mower, 
he a)ntinued to take them on tractor rides, but als<i 
took them on the mower. Often Austin would ride out 
on the h(xxl, while Amber sat on Grandad's lap. 

Grandad's overalls made him the target of 
many a prank for we delighted in unbuckling the 

buckles. Another favorite prank was to go v,ith 
Grandad to gather the eggs and lock him in the 
chicken coop. Thank goodness he was always good 
natured about such silliness. 

Lance and Duel spent hours riding on 
Grandad's back when they were small. We have 
movies of him down on his knees playing horse. 

Two summers ago, Gram and 1 canned 
applesauce together. Grandad picked apples by the 
bucketful and brought them in. Next thing we knew 
he was in the top of the tree picking those nice big 
ones that only grow in the very top branches. 

Each of the grandchildren are blessed to have 
their own scripture which Gram and Grandad have 
given us. Grandad wrote in each of them. 

They have always made a special effort to 
attend all of our baptisms, wedding receptions and any 
other special events. Their presence was alu-ays 

When my daughter. Amber, was bom. Gram 
and Grandad came to the hospital to see us. Grandad 
was trying so hard to get a good look at the baby 
through the nursery window that he banged his head 
on the glass. He looked so startled and said to me. 
"You know, 1 did the same thing when you were 
bom." Eighteen months later when April was bom, 
they came again and once again Grandad bumped his 
forehead on the glass. As the noise o\ the thud 
echoed down the hospital corridor, he linked at me 
you were born." Then he peered in at tiny little 
April, held out his hands and said, " I can't wait U) 
get my hands on her." 

A grandfather thinks his grandchildren are the 
brightest, the dearest, and the best in the world He 
may "just happen" to have a few snapshots of them \o 
show. He's really delighted when .stimeone exclainvs. 
"Say, these kids kxik just like you." Grandad loved 
pictures of any of the great-grandchildren arxl we are 
blessed to have many pictures of them v,^\h hmi. 

"A grandfather's lesstins have a great effect on 
you throughout your life. Often you tlnd yourself 
quoting him or telling people. "My grandad says 
this..." He had a lot of little sayings, such as "it's 
great next year country." or "the grain's better than 
we thought I'd be. but then we thought it Wi>uld hr." 
He said his brotlier. Olm. Uiught him 'Keep ytHir 
work and pay your bills if it Likes the hide ' The list 
time he saw Lance he coun.seled him ti^ always be 
honest in his wt)rk. He had M^me tavunte ui^ds like 
"lol-blolly" and as wx" were leaving any tin>e wrd 
gone for a visit he would tell us"( nnvl n.j\ " He arxl 


Duel used to have a contest to see who would get the 
last Good Day as we were leaving. 

Some special occasions in recent years were 
Gram and Grandad's Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary 
and Grandad's Eightieth Birthday. On August 9, 
1972, Gram and Grandad were sealed for time and all 
eternity in the Idaho Falls LDS Temple. We are 
especially grateful to Bishop Lyle Cottle for the 
encouragement he gave them which helped them to get 
their temple work done. Their anniversary was on 
August 16, 1972, and Mom and Dad hosted an open 
house in their honor. The people who came and who 
sent cards were numerous and the family was all 
there. There were two great-grandchildren at that 

On August 30, 1975, we had a family dinner 
at their home followed by a game of horse shoes for 
the men out by the shed. By this time there were five 
great-grandchildren. Grandad celebrated his 83rd 
birthday with a fishing trip to Kilgore. They took 
Austin along and came home with one fish! 

"Grandad Jep" passed away in his sleep on 
Thursday, July 24, 1980, at his home in Menan. He 
was 84. He had suffered a stoke on July 17, 1979. 
He gained some strength back and still got around 
until March 25, 1980, when he suffered another 
stroke. Since that time. Gram took care of him at 
home which meant dressing, feeding, washing and 
shaving him and lifting him so many times each day. 
Dana and I came out about once a week to mow lawn, 
do little repair jobs, bring groceries and help Gram 
with his care. Two weekends in June, Lance drove up 
from Salt Lake to help. Mom came for fi-equent visits 
and always cut Grandad's hair. She gave him his last 
one March 29. Duel and his family came for a visit. 
Grandad had worried that he might never see their 
baby, Courtney. He was so glad that they came so he 
could see her. However, even with the help of the 
family, neighbors and friends the large share of the 
burden fell on Gram and we're proud of her as it was 
difficult and many times nearly and impossible task. 

"Jep" was survived by his wife, Maydia, of 
Menan, daughter, Marilyn and husband, "Bob" of 
Smithfield, Utah; three grandchildren, Lance Wuthrich 
and his wife, Deena and four children, Julie, Mark, 
Ray and Craig; Duel Wuthrich and wife, Marcene, of 
Brigham, City, Utah and their four children, Natalie, 
Kirk, Travis and Courtney; and Alair Schroeder and 
husband, Dana of Idaho Falls and three children, 
Austin, Amber and April. He was the last surviving 
member of his family. He was a high priest in the 

LDS Church at the time of his death. 

I would like to close with this poem from 
Gram to Grandad. "When I think about the 
happiness. That you and I have shared. And all the 
things you've said and done, To show how much you 
cared, I can't help feeling lucky. And proud as I can 
be. That the whole world's finest husband, Is the man 
who married me. My heart is full of memories; I can 
recall wondrous times. Yet, I look to being reunited, 
Most of all. I know that you'll be waiting. Open- 
armed for me. To light with your celestial love. The 
pathway to eternity. 

May the Spirit give you the same solid 
assurance that I have that Grandad lives and continues 
to love us and pray for our safe return home to our 
Heavenly Parents, I pray in the name of Our 
Redeemer and Savior, Jesus Christ. AMEN. 




In Spencer High School the girls were ready 
for their Senior Prom. They had a photographer from 
the Standar's Studio of Idaho Falls come up to take a 
picture of their graduating class, the largest class to 
ever graduate from Spencer with a total of 10 
graduates. This was in 1935. All the girls had their 
hair plastered with wave set. The wave set was made 
by taking flax seeds and adding water to them, and 
bringing them to a boil. When cooled, it set up like 
a jelly and was combed through the hair. Wlien it 
dried it was gently brushed to give a natural wavy 

The Spencer school had an excellent basketball 
team. They also had several other sports, such as 
high jumping, pole vaulting, 100 and 200 yard dash, 
etc. All the boys participated in these activities. The 
girls played Softball and basketball. 

The depression years were on, so our family 
was more fortunate than many, as we had a steady 
income which was greatly appreciated. The Union 
Pacific Railroad was the mainstay for many people, 
including the hobos who traveled free of charge in the 
open empty cars, if the box cars weren't locked. Our 
living was sustained by the Railroad too, as Wilford 
was the section foreman, keeping the tracks smooth 
and in good working order. If you saw a man on the 


tracks in high laced boots, it was usually Wilford. In 
case of snow or rock slides, there were electric fences 
that automatically set the block signal to stop the trains 
from going into the slides. He had to keep the snow 
and the rocks away from the fence. 

We belong to the Church of Jesus Christ of 
Latter Day Saints. There were five families that were 
members and no church. There were 73 children in 
the town of Spencer, with no religious place to go. 
Wilford took proper procedures and organized a 
Sunday School, so that everyone could attend. I 
helped the Spencer Relief Society get organized for 
the women. We had eighteen women who came 
regularly, although only five of us were members of 
the church. We crocheted articles that are in the 
Idaho Falls Temple. 

One illness that was one to remember was the 
mumps; Wilford and all three sons, Don, Oral and 
Calvin were in bed at the same time. Blanche was 
married and away from home, so I thought it would 
be a good idea for Marion, my other daughter, to get 
them, so I'd send her in to nurse them. She never did 
get the mumps. 

Oral had one heck of a stomach ache, so he 
was rushed to Idaho Falls to the hospital. His 
appendix had ruptured and he was in the hospital for 
fifteen days. Oral thought he was starving to death, 
as he couldn't eat for twelve days. He'd say, "Why 
don't you feed me Mother, you always used to feed 

Our family was involved in an automobile 
truck accident while going to Idaho Falls to get 
Blanche, (who was graduating from high school), a 
dress, and a suit for "Don", who was graduating from 
the eighth grade. Just as we were coming into the 
Roberts Slough, on the north end, we met a truck 
loaded with wheat. We were all lucky, even though 
I had my nose nearly cut off and hanging down, and 
my knee had to have nineteen stitches. Don was 
scalped in a horseshoe shape. Oral had a broken arm, 
the rest were badly bruised. The doctor took the 
bandage off "Don's" head long enough for him to 
graduate. It could have been worse, we could have 
been killed. 

Everyone looked forward to Saturday night 
dances at Spencer. 

During the winter time, the snow was a good 
entertainer. If there was traffic, we'd stop it, so we 
could ride the toboggan and sleds down Beaver Hill, 
north of Spencer. Whole families participated in this 
event. One fellow stayed at the top of the hill to stop 

traffic and one at the bottom, so we could come down 

There was no depot at Humphrey at the time 
to take care of the Railroad mail, so it was necessary 
to hail down the fast moving train to send official 
mail. When Wilford wasn't available, as he was 
usually out on his section line, it was my duty to 
perform this act. If you really want a thrill try hailing 
down a fast moving passenger train to send the mail. 
I'd stand out in the middle of the track and wave my 
arms, back and forth across the track, the engineer 
would toot the whistle two times to let me know he 
could see me. They'd stop so I could give the mail 
sack to the mail officer in the mail car. Two more 
toots and they were off again. 

We made a move to Shelley where we resided 
two years. Then it was back to Dubois on December 
13, 1942. It was from Dubois that all three of our 
sons were to go into the U.S. Navy to fight for their 
country during World War II. 

During the Campaign for President of the 
United States, President Harry S. Truman and hi.s 
daughter, Margaret, stopped at Dubois and stepped out 
on the veranda of the back of the observation car oi 
the train, where all the town folks had an opportumr\ 
to shake hands, including me. They were ais^^ given 
a string of trout from some of the men from DuK>is 

One time at Dubois, in the winter of 1948, ii 
was so cold the passenger train, number 29. giu 
frozen to the track in the yards. The Superintendent of 
the Railroad was on the train. In order to get the u-ain 
moving again, helper engines were htx>ked together 
and kept moving so they could start it going again 

The Railroad furnished a house for the SeciJ*>n 
Foreman. We had electricity and runiiing water, but 
no bathroom or telephone. A large lump of coal was 
put into the stove at night to keep things from freezing 
up. Winter nights were colder, or seemed colder, as 
the first one up in the morning shivered in his shoes 
till the fire was poked and started burning. 

We moved back to Blackfixn once agam m 
1954 where a bad mott^r car (railroad) accident 
happened to Wilford. resulting in bad injuries and 
bruises. The family concluded it was a direct* of 
his ensuing cancer illness that tixik his life March 6. 


One thing 1 like to do is travel and before 
Wilford died, we u-aveled whenever we could 1 still 
drive my own car to get back and forth to sec my 
family. My grandchildren say. "Go. Grann> . Go ' 

1 have a garden and grow the vegcuibles I like 


and can or freeze them. I still embroider and crochet. 
I have made several braided rugs; I've probably made 
a hundred or more. I made ten for one woman. I've 
also written my life history. I, Mary Leona Draper 
Anderson was born May 22, 1898 at Rockland, Idaho. 
There were thirteen children in my inmiediate family. 

Wilford and I were married March 29, 1915. 
We have five children: Blanche Anderson Kramp was 
bom January 11, 1916 in Roy, Utah; Marion 
Anderson Padrotti was bom February 24, 1919 in 
Roy, Utah; Wilford Donald was bom June 19, 1921 
at Blackfoot, Idaho, Oral Warren was born August 2, 
1923 at Blackfoot, Idaho and Calvin Alonzo was bom 
June 22, 1926 at By me, Idaho. 

Mary Leona continued to live in Blackfoot, 
Idaho, until her death in the mid 80's. 

Bertha noted that Mary Leona 's motto was 
probably "hard work". She was a good mother to all 
of her children and grandchildren. She always had a 
quick wit and good sense of humor... a rather satirical 
type of humor at the right time to bring a laugh when 
needed. She was handy with the frying pan and made 
plain home-made bread and butter taste better than any 
one else in the world. She had many trials and 
hardships in her life, but in spite of, or because of 
them, she emerged to a wonderful person. 




The teaching careers of "Jimmy" and Betty 
Angelos brought them to Dubois in 1967 where he 

taught math in the Clark County Jr-Sr. High School 
and she began teaching the third grade at the Lindy 
Ross Elementary school, as well as Arts and Crafts. 

"Jimmy" Bill Angelos was bom to Mr. and 
Mrs. Bill Angelos. His father owned and operated a 
small grocery store in Pocatello. "Jinmiy" received 
his high school diploma in 1953 and Bachelor's 
Degree fi-om Idaho State University in 1958. His 
teaching career began after serving in the U.S. Army. 

A daughter, Betty Frances, was bom to 
Delmer B. and Vivian Duncan Emenhiser in 
Bartlesville, Oklahoma January 20, 1941. She had 
two sisters, Peggy Weldon and Cleta Emenhiser, of 
Bartlesville. She completed her high school education 
in 1959 and received her B.A. from the University of 
Tulsa in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1963. 

After completing a year of teaching in 
Bartlesville, Betty moved to Elko, Nevada, to begin 
teaching art in grades one through six. She met 
"Jimmy" in Elko while he was teaching there, too. 

They were married in Pocatello, Idaho 
December 26, 1965, at the Greek Orthodox church. 
They settled in North Dakota for two years. Then, in 
1967 they moved to Dubois, Idaho to live in the John 
Armitage's home. 

Their first daughter, Athena Vivian, was bom 
in Pocatello, January 15, 1970, while Vivian Ann was 
bom November 17, 1977 in the Madison Memorial 
Hospital in Rexburg, Idaho. 

In June of 1970 they purchased some 
property from the Charles McClures, where they are 
now living in a double wide mobile home. 

Since 1967 "Jimmy" has been active in the 
Dubois Lion's Club as treasurer. He served as vice 
president and president of the Teachers Association 
and vice president of the Clark County PTA. He is 
presently serving as Negotiation Chairman for the 
Teacher's Association. 

Betty was secretary of the Teacher's 
Association and the Ladies Aid of the Dubois 
Conmiunity Baptist Church. While in Dubois she has 
served as a 4-H Leader, a Girl Scout Leader, Bible 
Club Teacher and acting Libraian of the Dubois Book 
Caboose. The 1991 Lindy Ross Elementary School 
Christmas Operetta was dedicated in loving memory 
to Betty. 

She was a member of the Daughters of 
Penelope. Her main interests were home decorating, 
drawing, painting and fishing. 

Athena graduated from Ricks College, then 


transferred to Idaho State University. 

Athena and Vance Vadnais were united in 
marriage August 6, 1987. Their daughter is named 
Brittany. The family is living in Pocatello, where 
both parents are enrolled at ISU as of 1990. 

Betty resigned her position as Clark County 
teacher the spring of 1991 due to her illness. She 
passed away at the Idaho Falls Hospital, December 
15, 1991. Burial was in the Mountainview Cemetery 
in Pocatello. 



•'/.■■.y/'i".'//r.WA'^i'-:'yyA -avj 

Grace and Sherman 

Grace V. was born March 9, 1908 in Hyrum, 
Utah to Hiram and Keturah Wigriaii Halverson. 

In 1910 or 1912, the family moved to 
Humphrey, Idaho where they homesteaded a ranch. 

Along with ranching, her father transported 
the school children, driving a team and wagon in the 
spring and fall months, and a team and sleigh most of 
the winter. 

At times during the winter months they would 
be snowed in for weeks until Mr. Halverson would 
take horses and break a road so they could get to town 
or school. 

TTieir home did not have the modern facilities 
we know today. It was heated by a stove that burned 
wood, also the cooking of food, and the heating of 
water was done on this stove. They packed all their 
water from nearby Beaver Creek. 

Grace attended school in Humphrey along 
with other members of her family. Everyone enjoyed 
the plays put on for different holidays. All the parents 
would come, then afterwards, a potluck dinner was 

served, followed by a dance. At daylight ever>one 
would return home. 

On December 29, 1930, Grace married 
Maurice "Mick" Raymond Armitage in North Platte, 
Nebraska. They were sealed in Salt Lake City, Utah 
at the Temple September 25, 1974. Seven children 
were bom to the couple; Jack Raymond, John 
Sherman, James Kendall, Joseph William, Anna 
Valine, Maurice Shelly, and Kenneth Lee. 

Son, John and wife, Eileen Rosa Armitage, 
later lived in Dubois, where both were teachers for 
several years. They had two sons, David and Rudy. 
Their home was located on Thomas Avenue on the 
west side of the street, between the present David 
Sleight and James Farley homes. Wife, Eileen, was 
the daughter of David and Lindy Ross, also 
Superintendent and elementary teacher, respectively, 
of the Clark County school system for quite a few 

Grace enjoyed painting, shaded embroider), 
which she learn to do at the age of nine. Many blue 
ribbons were won by Grace at the Utah State Fair. 
Grace also made many afghans and quilts. At the 
time of this writing, Grace lives at Coeur d' Aiene, 




"Pete" Aron.s*>n lived most of his life in Cl^rk 
County and will be remembered by nuny ot the old 
timers. He was Kirn at I.inxa. Montaru on IVcembcr 


13, 1907, the son of John and Alpha Small Aronson. 
He had two sisters, Ora Collier Gallagher and Mary 
Aronson Beckstead Mclntyre. Ora was buried in 
California and Mary was still living as of 1992, in 

Alpha, "Pete's" mother, is buried in the Small 
Cemetery. Her first husband, Andrew Collier, who 
died at a young age, is also buried at Small. John 
Aronson, "Pete's" father, was buried in Anaconda, 

Early grade school days for Pete were with 
"Tuffy" Webster at Lima. He later attended school at 

"Pete" spent much of his time at the Small 
ranch on Medicine Lodge. He worked as a carpenter 
in the Clark County area, and some of the ranches he 
worked for were "Tuffy" Webster's, Stacy Bond's, 
and Jay Edie's. In Dubois, he worked for H. E. 
Kator, building his home, and for many others. 

"Pete" was also employed by the Mud Lake 
Telephone Company and, in the late 1940's, he went 
to work for the Utah Power and Light Company, 
working as a lineman on the first powerline on lower 
and upper Medicine Lodge. He also worked in other 
areas for the power company. "Pete" was elected to 
serve as watermaster for the Medicine Lodge Water 
District for several years. 

For several years, he worked at the Peterson 
Ranch located in Odgen, Utah. This ranch raised 
registered Hereford cattle. 

"Pete" never married, but he enjoyed going to 
the dances at Lidys, Medicine Lodge, Dubois and 
Spencer. He served in the U. S. Army during World 
War II. Most of his service time was in Italy and 
other overseas missions. 

He passed away at the Boise Veteran's 
Hospital on May 20, 1973 following a lingering illness 
and heart attack. Burial was at the Small Cemetery. 



Juanita Martinez lived in the town of Spencer 
for quite sometime as a young woman with her dad, 
Felix Martinez and five brothers. Her brothers 
included: Felix, Jr., Wm. "Bill", Jack, Paul and 
Milo. She was the only daughter in the family. 
Juanita was however, a native of Del Norte, Colo. 

She married Parley Ashbaker. They lived for 
a time in Spencer, where her husband tended bar at 
the Spencer Lodge and she worked as a cook and 
waitress also at the Spencer Lodge. She and her 
husband did not have any children. She also lived in 
Magna, Utah, Nampa and Idaho Falls. 

Juanita passed away after a short illness at the 
age of 49 in Idaho Falls. She was pre- ceded in death 
by brother Paul and her mother. 



1. Calvin Anderson (Family Story Page 18) 

2. His parents, Mr. & Mrs. Wilford Anderson 

3. Patsy Albano (Family Story Page 3) 

4. Grace Ayers (1923-Father at WLSQ 



Jack Baird received his education at Dubois, 
Idaho. He was born at Colfax, Washington, the son 
of Emmett and Minnie Baird. In 1926 he moved 
with his parents from Dubois to a farm near 
Grandview. He later took over the operation of the 

Jack had five sisters, Betty (Lang), Clarice 
(Hickey), Hope (Barnes), Emma (Fritts) and Thelma 
(Shoop) and four brothers, Waine, Allen, Eldon and 

He died November 25, 1980 at Grandview, 
where he was also buried. 



William "Bill" Baker served a number of 
years as Forest Ranger at Dubois, Idaho. 

He died at the age of 102, November 6, 1987 
at Idaho Falls. 

Baker was born October 2, 1885 in a log 
cabin at Leigh, Iowa, the son of Hank and Alice 
Baker. He completed the second grade in school. 

"Bill" cut cord wood with his brothers and 
sisters to buy something to eat, and hauled water 
from the river to drink for household use. 

He learned to break horses at the age of nine. 
Then, when fourteen he ran away from home. His 
first employment was working in potatoes for which 
he was paid 10 cents per row. 

He was employed by the federal government 
during World War I to break and train horses for the 

He later served two hitches in the Army. His 
Army memories were transporting people to the 
hospital and to their grave, during the 1918 flu 

On June 5, 1918 he married Aibeace, while 
in the Army in the Philippines. 

"Bill" rode in the rodeo circuit. He was also 
employed as a sheep herder in later years, and as 
sheep camp cook, preferring to cook the good old 
basic foods, such as .stews, beans, beef and lots ot 

He always told his friends that "walking and 
fresh air will cure many ills." "Bill" spoke a number 
of languages quite fluently. 

He was preceded in death by his wife and 
their two children. He was buried in Idaho Falls. 



It was of common knowledge that Herbert G. 
Baker was the first child to be born in the new town 
of Dubois in the early 1890s. He was the son of 
George and Minnie Baker. He also had a sister. Lulu 
Shaw. (Picture page 55) 

Among the early families coming to Dubois 
were Railroad Engineers and Firemen on the four 
helper engines including: the 100-1001-02-03 & 04. 
The original home of George and .Minnie 
Baker in Dubois is now owned and occupied by 
Royce and DeeAnn Holmes. The Bakers had two 
children. Lulu Baker Shaw and Herber. 

D.O. Balleny was fireman for Mr. Baker. 

The John Hays, Sr. family were the i>riginal 
owners and occupants of the two story home now 
owned by Mr. and Mrs. Herb Sill. This same house 
was the home of the Edward W. Laird family, well 
known livestock grower. The John Hays children 
were: daughter, Maud, .sons, John W.. Jr., F-red. 
Frank and Merle. The Hays family were moved to 
Pocatello when the helper engines were moved out of 
Dubois. They were replaced by engines called 
"Mallies." John W Jr.. with his wife. OIivc 
Kendrick Hays, lived out their lives on a ranch on 
Camas Creek, having later acquired tv^o homes m 
Dubois. One of the hornet is nov, owned and 
occupied by "Don" and Carol Shenlon. The other 
home is now occupied by Mrs. Glen (Kay) SliHJdard. 

Mr. and Mrs. Otto Erick.son's home wa.s the 
home of Walter Phillips, now tmned h> Jud> l-ingo. 
The Ericksons had lv,o sons, one being Orville. who 
drowned during a spring runoff ot then "Dry Creek' 
now Beaver Creek. Orville, a mere child, is interned 
in the Dubois Cemetery. Clarence, like his taiher. 
became a railroad man Tlie i;rick.son-s lived out their 
lives in Pocatello. Idaho, after being moved t'ul of 
Dubois along with the helper engines. 

A Swede. John ,'\ron.son. was one of Ono 


Erickson's fireman. Otto and John had been called 
by the "Hosier" to prepare for a helper run with an 
oncoming freight train. When the oncoming engine 
pulling the heavy load blew its whistle long and loud, 
John ran down the path to meet Otto, all excited, 
yelling "Watto, Watto, the train is on the Vistlin 
Whistling post. 

Another helper engineer and family in Dubois 
was that of William "Bill" Foust and wife. Their 
home was situated about where the present Conoco 
Self Service is today. Tuck's Livery Stable was a 
little way north and the Oakley and Ellis Saloon, just 
south of the Dubois main street. The Fousts had an 
infant child buried in the Dubois cemetery. 

There was a tragic accident involving Mr. 
Foust and the helper engine. It upset "Bill" so badly 
that the family transferred to a distant helper station. 
At the time of the accident "Bill's" fireman was 
another family man, Orson Tout, returning from a 
helper run into Montana. Soon after passing a point 
on the track called "High Bridge" their engine began 
to pick up speed because of a little more down grade. 
Engineer Foust applied the air brake slightly when 
suddenly the engine and coal tender coupling parted 
letting Orson Tout fall beneath the rolling wheels that 
mutilated the body of fireman Orson. Son "Bill," 
soon after being married, became a helper engineer 
out of Glenns Ferry, Idaho. On his first run the 
engine boiler blew up scalding "Bill" to death. 



The railroad offered employment to many of 
the early Idaho settlers, including George H. Ballard. 

The Ballard family came from Warickshire, 
Covington, England. After arriving in Utah, George 
met and married Paulena Dagmar, at Providence, 

Being eager to come to Idaho, they moved to 
the booming railroad town of Camas, Idaho, in 1882, 
where George worked long hours for the railroad, for 
several years. George had an older sister, and her 
husband, who moved to Idaho before the Ballards, 
"Sam" A. and Sarah Goddard. They were living at 
the railroad stop of Hawgood, located near Market 

Lake. George was a railroad employee, also. 
Paulena Dagmar was bom at Vemmelou, Shelland 
Island, Denmark in 1861, then came to the United 
States with her family. 

According to Henry Edelman, the George 
Ballard family arrived in the Birch Creek Valley 
around 1885. With the money they saved while 
working with the railroad, they purchased the Taylor 
property, known as the Cottonwoods, in the lower 
end of the Valley. This land was just up the creek 
from the Tyler Stage Station. The Goddard families 
were already in the Valley before George and 
Paulena arrived. Consequently, the land they choose 
was not far from the Goddard Ranch. 

Paulena was a typical pioneer, who learned to 
knit mittens, sweaters, socks and other needed 
articles of clothing from carded wool. She made her 
own homemade soap, furniture, and all of the family 
clothing. She liked to create straw hats for the 
summer, and was an especially good cook. She 
loved the country, especially the beautiftil mountains. 
Even in later years, after leaving this valley, she 
continued to long for the Birch Creek mountains. 

Her husband, George, had the mail contract 
along the creek; later Paulena took on the job, as it 
kept her husband too tied up. She began her route at 
the Reno Post Office, hauling the mail by buggy or 
horseback, depending on the weather. She traveled 
along the creek up to Nicholia. She was apparently 
the first lady mail carrier of the area. 

The Ballards had three children they raised, 
one was Paulena's cousin, Botilda Bosen; the other 
two were Leila and Nathan, both of whom were 
parentless children, whom she kept to prevent going 
to an orphan home. 

A family cemetery was located near Birch 
Creek and the Ballard and Goddard Ranches; three 
members of the Goddard family are buried there in 
homemade coffins, 7 or 17 year old (yr unknown) 
Sammie Goddard, Grandma Ballard, then nine-year- 
old Rose Etta Goddard, along with three other graves 
from a family that lived near the sinks at that time. 

Eventually the Ballards, as many other early 
settlers, sold their property; however, some lost it 
all. They moved on to Pocatello, where they 
operated a transfer business, then into real estate at 
Rupert. In El Centro, and 


Calexico, on the border of California and Mexico 
they operated two small hotels. After they lost this 
business to a fire and earthquake, they worked in the 
Imperial Valley area. 

George passed away in 1945, at age 82 and 
Paulena died in 1941 at Long Beach, California. 



ff "f^S^ 

Irl & Hazel Landacre & Clyde Bare 

Dail Bare, along with his brother. Otto came 
to the area of Birch Creek in 1917, when it was still 
a part of Fremont county. Sometime later, "Aunt 
Clyde" at the age of 19 traveled by train to Dubois, 
as a young bride to join her husband, in the year of 

"Aunt Clyde" was born May 13, 1897 in 
Idlewild, North Carolina, where she also grew up 
and attended school. 

Dail Bare was born March 6, 1895 at 
Wagoner, North Carolina. He attended school at 
Idlewild, North Carolina. 

They became husband and wife December 
26, 1914, when they were married in Idlewild, North 

Their first home was at Warm Creek. Dail 
was employed by M.F. Sullivan, one of the early 
pioneers of this valley. Later Bares built a two room 
log cabin on the ground they decided to homestead in 
the same location. The lumber they needed wa.s 
transported from Dubois by team and wagon. 

Dail soon became an employee of the Wood 
Live Stock Company, headquartering at the 

Reno ranch, located between the Wagoner ranch and 
the Lone Pine on Birch creek. "Aunt Clyde" worked 
as ranch cook, while they resided at Birch creek. 
They also spent a winter on the Sheridan ranch, east 
of Kilgore, while still employed by the Wood Live 
Stock Company. 

Otto Bare and his family according to an old 
newspaper clipping, spent the winter of 1927-28 at 
their old home in North Carolina, then returned to 
Idaho to live on the Wood Live Stock Company 
ranch near Camas, the Carrier Ranch. That same 
year he purchased an eighty acre tract of land on 
Birch Creek, where they move in 1929. 

Still seeking new horizons, the Dail Bares 
worked at the Viola Mine at Nicholia. Dale was 
employed as a miner, "Aunt Clyde" as a cook. They 
spent some time at the Clayton Silver mine and in 
Gilmore, with "Aunt Clyde" working at Jaeger's 
Hotel about seven years. 

Their next adventure took them back to Birch 
creek, to build a cabin on Skull Canyon road. One 
room was transferred into a store to sell groceries 
and beverages. 

Around 1938 Dail built the Blue Dome Inn 
business on Birch Creek, which they operated for ten 
years. This new business included a gas station, 
cafe, bar and dance hall. During the war years they 
closed the business doors and raised turkeys, and 
chickens, and sold eggs. This so<in developed a 
profitable turkey business, raising some 8,000 turkeys 
a year for several years. 

They decided to make a change, thus leased 
the Blue Dome and moved to Battle Mountain. 
Nevada. They had a three-year le-ase on a turquoise 

Cecil Carlson purchased their Blue Dome 
holdings in 1948. afterwhich the Bares purchased and 
operated an apartment house in Midvale, Utah. 

Dail passed away in May. 1*^51. but "Aunt 
Clyde" continued to operate the apanments through 
1968, retiring and selling her business in W70 She 
returned to Id.iho Falls to live until her death March 
10, 1984 at an Idaho Falls hospital tollowmg a 
lengthy illness. B<uh were huned at the Idah.> l.ills. 
Rose Hill Cemetery. 

The family honored "Aunt Clyde' with an 
Open House in Dubois commenviratmg her 80ih 
Birthday. May 13. 1977 at the DuK>is l.ii>n"s Hall 
The Bares were survived by a nephew. Wendell 
Wagoner, whom they raised. Wendell and hi.s wife. 


Judy live in Idaho Falls. 



^ltM£ik,t^^Ci:^%±. * 

Otto & Jane 
Daughter - Billie Barber 

Otto Harrison Bare came out west from 
North Carolina in April of 1908 to work at Spencer, 
Idaho for the Wood Live Stock Company (WLSC). 
Here he worked with the sheep for three years. 
Grover and "Johnny" Stringer decided to follow suit, 
also coming to Idaho together from North Carolina. 
Otto had been working in the coal mines, which he 
didn't like, in West Virginia, before coming to Idaho. 

He was born April 25, 1885, at Glendale 
Springs, North Carolina, a son of Jered and Nellie 
Wilcox Bare. 

Otto married Nancy Sheets November 6, 
1906 in Wagoner, North Carolina. They moved to 
West Virginia about a year later. 

She was born September 8, 1889, at 
Wagoner, North Carolina, the daughter of Jasper and 
Maize Sheets. She grew up and went to school in 
that area. 

They became the parents of three daughters 
and one son. Blanche Bare Wagoner was born in 
West Virginia, Marshall in North Carolina, and two 
were born in Idaho-Billie Bare Barber and Hazel 
Bare Landacre. Hazel was born November 23, 1909 
at Birch Creek. 

Otto worked for several ranchers, in Fremont 
County, including: the WLSC, and Frank Sullivan, 
who had quite a horse herd, which was before Frank 

married. Both Otto and Nancy worked here. Later 
they worked for Renos' several years. At this time, 
it was now Clark County. He quit his jobs and 
bought the WLSC Birch Creek Ranch. 

Otto Bare passed away March 21, 1952 in the 
Idaho Falls hospital; Nancy died July 31, 1967 at 
Idaho Falls, with Interment for both at the Idaho 
Falls Rose Hill Cemetery. Their daughter. Hazel 
passed away at the age of 82, September 10, 1992 at 
the Rexburg Nursing Center. Burial was at the St. 
Anthony Riverview Cemetery with her husband, Irl, 
who died May 12, 1987. 



Marshal was bom at Glendale Springs, North 
Carolina, January 20, 1919. His dad worked for 
area ranchers, before settling in Birch Creek about 
1930 on the ranch they purchased from Wood Live 
Stock Company. Here they raised sheep, cattle and 

He came out west with his parents when he 
was but two years of age. Marshal attended school 
in a one room log building that was built in 1930 on 
Birch Creek, which burned down in later years. At 
the time there were about ten students. School 
started in the spring and went for about five months 
because the winters were rather severe. There had 
been another school, prior to this one which was only 
about a mile from the ranch. The Bares had a Model 
T. Ford, but it had to be pushed up hill, and then it 
would coast down, said Marshal, that is how we got 
to school. There wasn't any high school out there. 
The grade school just went to the eighth grade. Our 
school always had an eighth grade graduation, which 
was quite an important event. They then built the 
Reno school house at the head of Birch Creek in 
Lemhi County. The Jeppsons, Worthings, Barzee 
kids and myself and my two sisters attended it. 


Marshal went to high school in Idaho Falls. 

Marshal remembered the many good old 
families of the valley - the good times at dances held 
at the schools of Birch Creek and Reno. Some 'good 
times' enjoyed were the horse roundups in June, 
when it took many cowboys to roundup about 800 
head of horses from the range, bring them in to 
brand the colts, maybe break a few, or sell some. 
Many of these horses, belonged to Wood Live Stock 
Company. When Marshal was about 12 years of age, 
he worked for this company at their Birch Creek 
Ranches. He eventually purchased his family ranch 
and later additional holdings of WLSC. 

He remembered the Dale Bares' building a 
service station and store together in the late 30's, 
which became known as the Blue Dome in 1941. 
This landmark is now gone, due to a fire. 

Marshal always had a little rodeo in his blood 
- but according to him he never cut any big swath. 
He tried his luck at saddle bronc riding, bareback 
riding, bull riding and bull dogging in the states of 
Oregon, Montana and Idaho in the Professional, as 
well as amateur rodeos. He last held a professional 
card in 1954. 

Marshal and his family continued ranch life 
at Birch Creek. At one time he ran some 50 head of 
horses. He once sold some of his bucking horses to 
the rodeo stock producer, Everett Colburn in Alturas, 

The Clyde Jeppsons were miners from 

When Marshall lived at Birch Creek there 
were a couple of miners, "Joe" and "Ben". They had 
a mine up in the Valley and a farm. They managed 
to dig a hole in the ground, and even got a couple of 
car loads of really high grade ore. They sold the 
mine for a quarter of a Million. Well, they hired 
themselves a chauffeur, then traveled to Missoula and 
purchased themselves a Lincoln Zephyr. On the way 
out of town the two were sitting in the back seat, 
while their chauffeur, rolled the car over. They had 
a lot of money and always went on big parties, until 
"Joe" died. They were partying at Saty's at Gilmore 
and Joe went to sit down and nobody could 
understand why. Joe sat there a long time, so "Ben" 
checked on him to find him dead. That sorta broke 
up their partnership, and the money was soon all 

Marshal enjoyed attending the rodeos, he 
served as an officer of the Clark County Rodeo 

Association, and liked to take the girls with their 
horses and proudly watch them take part. Each year 
he looked forward to the weekend Island Park rodeo 
staged by the Crystal Brothers, assisted by his son-in- 
law. Randy and daughter, Jolene. In 1983 he was 
selected as Grand Marshall for the Clark County 
Roundup Rodeo and Parade. He rode his horse and 
was joined by his daughters, Jolene and Jeri. 

He was a charter member of the Clark 
County Historical Society, member of the Dubois 
Lions club, served as director on the Birch Creek 
Water Association, as well as Clark County School 
Board member. 

Marshal passed away May 13, 1988 in Idaho 
Falls following a lengthy illness. His wife, "Marge" 
has continued to live in Dubois and keeps busy with 
her family and her work. He was survived by their 
daughters, Jolene and Jeri and by a daughter of a 
former marriage, Janet Evans. 


Margery was born January 23, 1930 in 
Aroma Park, Illinois, the daughter of Clarence and 
Vera Farr Mann. She had two brothers, Howard 
Mann and Warren Mann, and one sister Elvena 
Worsfold. Her parents later moved lo Salmon. 
Idaho. It was here she graduated from the Salmon 
High School, 

She met Marshal Bare at a friends home in 
Idaho Falls. They were eventually married, February 
14, 1953 in the Salmon Methodist Church. 

- O 



That same year they moved to the Birch 
Creek ranch, located about 1/4 mile from the Blue 
Dome. Here Marshal raised cattle and hay. The 
family was always kept busy with ranch work. 

Jeri and Jolene 

January 12, 1957 their first daughter, Jolene 
was bom, then Jeri was bom June 10, 1959. Both 
daughters attended the Dubois school and were active 
in school events. 

Entertainment at Birch Creek was visiting 
back and forth with neighbors, card parties, 
community dinners and celebrations during different 
holidays. One of the big events at the Lone Pine, 
which "Marge" assisted Muriel Worthing with, was 
the Annual Fund Raiser for the American Cancer 
Society for Clark County, which was attended, not 
only by Clark County residents, but folks from Idaho 
Falls and other distant areas. Some of the neighbors 
were the C. A. Wagoners, Jack Stewarts, Mary Gray, 
Chet and Muriel Worthing, O.A. McCunes and Cecil 

It seemed that the Bares were always the last 
people on Birch Creek to brand, so all the wives and 
children would come to their place, for a big 
cookout and enjoy the evening. 

The opening day of fishing season was 
always a big deal at Birch Creek. There were so 
many people around that the little area of Birch 
Creek would turn into a town ovemight. 

"Marge" worked in the Blue Dome, while 
Cecil Carlson was operating the business, as a cook 
and waitress. Jolene and Jeri also worked there 
during the summers. "Marge" served as secretary of 

the Birch Creek Water District for a number of 

In May of 1975, the family moved to Dubois, 
and in 1976 purchased their home. It was formerly 
the Blaine and Donna Grover home, built by Edward 

"Marge" drove the Birch Creek school bus 
route for five years, and is presently employed as 
Clerk for School District #161 in Dubois. She has 
been involved in other organizations including-the 
Clark County Rodeo Association, Community 
Church, PTA, 4-H, Cancer Society and Extension 
Homemakers Council. 



George Barnard served in World War I in 
1917-18, then hung his shingle to practice law in 
1923 at Willmar, Minnesota. 

He served as district American Legion 
commander during this time. At the outbreak of 
World War II he was recalled to duty from the 
officers reserves. He then sold his business when he 
left for the service and served most of the time 
during the war with the Alaskan Defense Command, 
holding the rank of a major. 

In 1945 George located at Dubois, Idaho and 
was associated with Harry Ham in the abstract 
business until he was admitted to the bar. He served 
as Clark County prosecuting attorney during this 

Mr. Bamard was bom in Renville, Minn. 
April 2, 1899, where he received his schooling and 
graduated with a bachelor and arts degree from the 
University of Minnesota. He received his degree in 
law from the Minnesota College of Law in 1923. 

He and his wife, lola Anderson Barnard, 
moved to Idaho Falls in 1948 to become associated 
with the Ralph Albaugh law firm. 

They were the parents of a son, Dr. George 
L. Bamard and two daughters, Mrs. Don (Marilyn) 
Johnson, and Mrs. John (Charlotte) Graham, 

George died in the Veterans Hospital in Salt 
Lake City in 1965. Burial was at Idaho Falls, ID. 




The Barney family came to Kilgore in 1912 
where Arthur Barney grew up working with cattle 
and horses. He started working as a teenager, first 
as a chore-boy for the Wood Live Stock Company, 
later breaking horses for the company. His ranch 
duties included rounding up and breaking horses to 
be sold to the Army. Arthur Barney was born to 
William and Jane Argyle at Lakeshore, Utah, May 
5, 1907. 

On July 3, 1924 Arthur married Hannah 
Otteson in Jackson, Wyoming. Hannah was bom in 
to Hyrum and Charity Otteson in Palmyra, Utah, 
September 28, 1906. She met Arthur in Kilgore 
while visiting a sister, Sarah, living in the same area. 
Sarah was married to Alva Barney, an uncle to 
Arthur. They had two different homesteads which 
they proved up on in Kilgore around 1910 to 1912. 
In a few months Arthur and Hannah decided to 
marry. Their honeymoon was a pack trip into the 
Teton Mountains. 

A daughter, Bettie, was bom October 5, 

The family operated various ranches for 
several years. Arthur took his wife and Bettie from 
Kilgore to Ashton by dog sled in March of 1933. 
They left at two o'clock in the morning to take 
advantage of the frozen cmst on the snow, arriving in 
Ashton eight hours later. Their second daughter, 
Jayne was bom, April 18, 1933. 

The Arthur Barney family decided to travel 
to Hillsburough, New Mexico in 1934, along with 
other family members, to operate a gold mine. They 
spent two years mining in New Mexico, then 
returned to Utah where Arthur worked as a miner at 
West Tinnic in Bingham Canyon, Utah. He also 
worked as a mechanic and in construction while in 

A son, Clyde, was born March 28, 1938, 
while still in Utah. 

The Barney family made another decision, 
this time to return to Kilgore in 1944. Here Arthur 
purchased his uncle Issac Barney's ranch, part of 
which was his father's original homestead. 

Another daughter joined the family, Patricia, 
was born October 1, 1947. 

The family continued to operate the Kilgore 

ranch until 1959 when they decided to retire. Arthur 
and Hannah enjoyed traveling to spend their winters 
in Mexico, then back again to Kilgore for the 
summer. It was at this time Arthur operated a Guide 
and Packer Service for hunters and took advantage of 
a natural talent for painting. He painted the things he 
knew and loved, the land, animals and people. Most 
of his paintings he found satisfaction in giving to his 

Clyde. Patricia. Bettie. Javne. 
Hannah & "Art" 

Arthur passed away in Phoenix, Arizona 
January 16, 1979 and was buried at Kilgore. 

Arthur's Grandparents owned the ranch now 
owned by John and Bettie Barney Larick, great 
granddaughter, so is still in the Barney family, 

FEBRUARY, 1990 - as written by daughter. 
Bettie - Mother comes home to Kilgore in the spring, 
as of 1979, to spend the summer. She also ha.'^ an 
apartment in a Senior Citizen Complex in Pocatello. 
Her health was quite g(K>d from 1979 to 1988. then 
she had some problems. Daughter. Patricia 
Williams, living in Pocatello has taken over her 
welfare and care, however, mother has been t\munate 
to be able to also spend part of the winter with son. 
Clyde and family in Arizona, where weather is 
warmer. The past year she was not able to be in 
Kilgore, except for short periixls of time - but she 
and dad in their he;irts will always be at home m this 
beautiful valley. The grandchildren. gre,U 

grandchildren and now gre;it. grandchild are 
proud to be offsprings of the Anhur and H.inn.ih 
Barney family. 




Fanny and Ike 

I was bom March 23, 1912 at Eureka, Utah. 
My parents were Isaac R. and Alta Ruth Angus 

I was ten years old when my family moved to 
Kilgore. My father's brother. Will, moved his 
family at the same time. It made quite a wagon train 
with each family having three wagons, one covered 
for the women and children to ride in, the others for 
the most essential things. 

The cattle were driven by kids on ponies to 
keep the stock ahead of the wagons. When we got to 
the old wooden bridge across the Snake River, at 
Roberts, the cattle spooked, and it took some doing 
to get them across. We reached Dubois the third 
night and camped at the stock yards. Aunt Jane 
walked into Dubois to find Carrie Hancock, whom 
she knew when they used to live in Camas Meadows. 
The next morning we followed a trail northeast, 
through the rocks and sage brush, finally reaching 
Uncle Alve's that night. The following day we 
reached our destination, at Grandpa Barney's place, 
travelling through the ice and snow. It was hard to 
believe it was the month of May. 

At this time Uncle Ben and Aunt Leone were 
living here, so we all lived together, until Uncle 
could move to his place on West Canyon. We lived 
here for three years; the winters were terrible, and 
sometimes the storm would last for five days, making 
it impossible to attend school, or any other activities. 

The most exciting times were Christmas, and 
Washington's birthday, or when the communities of 
Idmon and Kilgore would get together and have a 
winter fest. 

In the winters, when the weather was good, 
there was always a dance on Saturday night. When 
I was in the sixth grade, we had quite a few 
basketball games. There were just enough boys to 
make a good team: Ted and Orville Vadnais,"Bud" 
Zink, Robert Mickey, who lived at the fish hatchery, 
Marion Skinner, who lived at the Spring Creek 
Ranch, Leo Smith, and Edwin Kroker, who lived two 
miles west of Idmon. The practiced every recess and 
noon hour. There were enough girls to practice with 
three Jensen girls, Dorothy, Roseamond and Mary, 
and Pearl Vadnais and myself. The Idmon school had 
enough boys for a team too. The two teams would 
play quite often. One winter a group of young 
people came out from Spencer. They played a game 
in the afternoon with Kilgore boys, then that night 
the Idmon boys played with the Kilgore boys. After 
the game, everyone danced. 

After three years at Kilgore we moved to 
Idmon, where Clifford and I were in the eighth 
grade, Blanche in the sixth, Alfred Romrell was the 
teacher for the upper grades, his sister Fern taught 
the lower grades. 

That summer on June 17, mother gave birth 
to twins, a boy and a girl. Grandma Barney and 
Aunt Velma came to help for a while. 

In the spring of 1926 father was kicked on 
the leg by a horse, causing a "fistula" to grow on the 
bone. He went to Dr. Rich in Rexburg, who had 
him go to the hospital, where he was operated on. 
Another growth came on the bone, this time he had 
a second operation in Idaho Falls LDS hospital. The 
third time it returned the doctor told him to go home, 
but he did not make it back home. They took him to 
his mother's in Lewisville, where she and his 
brother, Lynn, took care of him. He finally wrote to 
mother, telling her to catch the next mail out to 
Spencer and come down by train to see him. My 
mother did just that. The next morning, with Mr. 
Hirschi taking the twins, Grace and Grant, in their 
basket, and Steve, mother lest for Lewisville. We 
kept expecting a letter from Mother, saying Dad had 
died, but it was just the opposite. Dad came home 
in the spring while the snow was still deep on the 
ground. That was the happiest time in all of our 
lives. He lived to be 72 years old. 


I didn't go to school that year, as someone 
needed to help my grandfather Angus with the 
chores, but started in Dubois that fall. The next two 
years I was able to get two years of high school at 
Kilgore. At this time dad had bought the Broadhurst 
place in 1928. 

In Clark County we always lived on a ranch, 
raised hay, cattle and milked several cows. In fact, 
our herd grew to twenty-nine; that we were milking 
by hand. Eventually, my father decided we needed 
a milker. We shipped the thick cream in ten-gallon 
cans to creameries in Idaho Falls, and other places. 
Our test was high, but the price kept getting lower 
and lower. Some of our cream checks would be as 
low as four dollars. 

I also helped carry mail in the summer time. 
My father took the contract in 1929, to haul mail for 
four years, hauling mail from Spencer to Kilgore. 
Roy McCormick, who had been working for Dave 
Hirschi carrying the mail, came to work for Barney. 

In March when I had my eighteenth birthday 
dad said I was old enough to carry the mail. So, he 
sent me over to the store and Ole Frederiksen gave 
me a Civil Service exam, which I passed. I started 
on the mail, picking up the out-going mail at Kilgore, 
and taking it to the Spencer post office, then to the 
railroad depot to unload the ten-gallon cans of cream 
I had picked up along the way. The depot agent 
would help me unload, put the empty cans in the 
pickup, and get the mail for Kilgore and Rea. There 
was the Henninger family and Al Swanstrum's, who 
lived by Sheridan Creek, and John Reber up near the 
timber, who had his mail box on top of a jackfence. 
Beyond that was Icehouse Creek. After crossing the 
creek a good road wound through the sagebrush, 
finally reaching the ranch where the post office was. 
This ranch was owned by the Trude family, but was 
the Rea post office named after the man who 
previously owned the ranch. If Bill Trude wasn't at 
the ranch, I would have to wait for him to come from 
Ashton, where he lived, read his mail and answer it, 
before I could start back. Sometimes I had to wait as 
long as two hours. George Pilcher was the ranch 
boss and his wife. Rose, cooked for the men. Ed 
Kroker and John Ball were a couple of young men 
who worked there. The men at Trude's milked a tew 
cows, separated the milk and put the cream in five or 
ten gallon cans - which they sent parcel post to a 
creamery in the valley. Sometimes Swanstrums hail 
cream to send too. 

As time went on I helped Mrs. Rasmussen 
and Grandma Knotwell with the house cleaning. At 
home there were cows to milk, as well as running the 
mail route. Many a trip was made in a blizzard 
when you were taking a great chance making it home 
from a mail run. 

My first year of high school was at Dubois. 
I lived with Mrs. Vadnais, Pearl and Orville. Pearl 
and I played basketball with the girls of Dubois. We 
traveled to Spencer, and to Lima, Montana, for 
games by train. My third and fourth year of high 
school were at Spencer, where I also played on their 
team. I was never a good ballplayer, but 1 really had 

The fall of 1930 we learned Mrs. Albano was 
moving to Spencer. This house had two rooms 
upstairs, so Blanche and I used these rooms while we 
went to school in Spencer. That winter mother 
suffered a stroke and dad took her to the hospital in 
Idaho Falls. She regained her health eni^ugh that it 
was possible for her to finally come homt. 1 
graduated from High School in Spencer, with a class 
of six students including: Harriet Boatman. Dorothy 
Brauer, Afton McFarland, Pete Taylor, Dorothy 
Finalyson, and myself. 

The next summer Blanche and Roy were married, 
and they lived with us. That fall dad and mother 
decided to go to get our winter's supply o\ tiH>d 
When they didn't return when they had planned, we 
became concerned. We had gotten a lot of snow that 
night; finally we saw a light coming and. it was Ole 
Frederiksen with the message that mother had died 
suddenly that morning. We had her tuneral in 
Lewisville. Neighbors came and took care of the 
chores while we were gone. \N'e wmte to Ted 
Palmer to come help with the mail, .l'h it tixik two 
men to care for the mail run. We gathered up all 
mail and the cream checks and sent them to the hank 
so we could pay our bills; .smin after dad told me the 
banks had closed, which Ictt us \Mth unpaid bills. 
Christmas was slim that year. That spring; Blanche 
brought home a new baby boy. She and Roy Nought 
a small ranch that year. 

Other family sicknesses included my brother. 
Clifford, who spent a week in the Rexburt: hospital 
with " pneunnmia " Then a little nephew. 
Donnie, was kicked on the forehead bv a coll in our 
yard. Roy and Blanch McCormick nished him lo 
Rexburg to be taken care of. 


January, 1933, dad married Fannie Wilson, 
who had twins, a boy and a girl, and two more girls; 
our family was a large one that winter. 

The winter of 1934, Roscoe Smith's wife 
Carrie became ill, and it was necessary to send for 
her mother, Annie Rasmussen, who was in 
Humphrey with Betty who was teaching school there. 
Carrie passed away about ten days later and was 
buried at the old Kilgore Cemetery. 

As for modern conveniences in Kilgore, they 
were few. Ole's at the store and the Forest Ranger's 
house were the only telephones. "Ole" delivered all 
phone messages around the community. Of course, 
we had no electricity, so our water came from a 
pitcher pump in the kitchen. One house we lived in 
for a summer in the lower part of Idmon, only had an 
old open well out in the yard, between the house and 
barn. We tried dipping the old water out, but it 
didn't do any good. Dad asked me, Clifford, Rodney 
and Levoir Leonard to dig a well behind the house, 
while he went to Dubois to buy a pump. By the time 
he came back, we had dug down four feet, the last 
foot was in gravel and water. He had said he would 
give a dollar for each foot we dug, so he gave us 
each a silver dollar for our efforts. We took the 
pump to the next house we moved into, a mile west 
of the Idmon Store. 

Our heat was the cook stove in the kitchen 
and a heater in the living room. The bathroom was 
one of the bedrooms, in a no. 2 or no. 3 wash tub, in 
the summer, and in winter, usually in front of the 
cook stove with the oven open, and about three chairs 
set around the tub with blankets or quilts draped over 
them to keep the heat on us. Our toilet facility was 
a 5 or 6 foot square building in the backyard, usually 
a long way from the house, and it was quite a task to 
climb over the high drifts in the winter, especially at 
night carrying a lantern . Our lights were coal oil 
lamps, and lanterns, later gasoline lamps and 

Church was held in the school house, both at 
Kilgore and Idmon. David Hirschi, Sr. was Bishop 
in Kilgore, and Hans Jensen was the Idmon Bishop. 
Our family always attended church. My part was 
just to listen to the lesson; most of the time Bishop 
Jensen would assign each one of us in the class a part 
of the lesson for the next week. 

I guess you would call crocheting my first 
hobby, I learned by watching my mother when I was 
8 or 9 years old. I remember embroidering a pair of 

pillow slips and a dresser scarf for Roy and Blanch 
McCormick when they were married. 

As for hardship, yes, every winter was hard. 
At that time there was more snow, and I remember 
some blizzards lasted five days. There was so much 
snow that all of the fences were covered. It was just 
a broad expanse of sparkling white when the wind 
stopped blowing and the sun began to shine. One 
home in Kilgore was a log house, and I remember a 
drift in front as high as the house. Father had to dig 
steps from the top of it before the rest of us could 
climb up on it. The second winter we lived there. 
Dad drove his team and hayrack across the snow, to 
the place a mile below, to feed Simp Leonard's 
stock, and see that he was alright. When the snow 
started thawing in the spring, it was nearly impossible 
for the horses to go through the deep snow, they 
would sink in up to their bellies. It would take Dad 
a half a day sometimes to break a new road to a 
haystack, which was just a short distance in the field, 
to get a "jag" of hay to feed stock. The mail carrier 
had to use dog teams to take mail to Rea, four miles 
west of Pond's Lodge. They went out one day and 
back the next. The winter of 1932, Dad had to have 
Ted Parmer use a dog team for two weeks to take the 
mail to Spencer and back. We usually rode two 
ponies to school 

I married Ronald Hunting December 23, 
1935. We have three children, Robert Neil and 
Marilyn. As of 1982, I have seven grandchildren. 
Neil did not marry, he served a year in Viet Nam, as 
a Hospital Corpsman in the Marines. He died June 
21, 1974. Ronald died January 12, 1974. 

Some incidents from my school days in Clark 
County were my first year of school in Kilgore. I, 
Ruth Barney (Hunting) was in the fifth grade, with 
Edna Anderson as my teacher. Aaron Rasmussen 
was our principal. We had many spelling bees; of 
course, spelling was my best subject. At Christmas 
time we had a "play", including Christmas songs and 
dances, including every child. Miss Anderson made 
most of the costumes, with crepe paper. She let all 
of us girls help her. Near the end of the school year 
in the spring, we began getting ready for the program 
for the last day of school. We all enjoyed putting on 
these programs for our parents. 

Our community celebrated Washington's 
Birthday on February 22; one year it would be at 
Kilgore, the next at Idmon. Ski Jumps were built at 
the side of the road, across from the store and 


schoolhouse at Kilgore. All of the boys participated 
in that sport. A long rope was fastened to the horn 
of a saddle, with a boy on skis holding the other end. 
One boy would ride the horse at a fast gallop, pulling 
the boy on skis over the jumps. The little boys and 
girls would participate in other ski races. Everyone 
enjoyed the day's activities. Around four o'clock 
everyone would go home to do chores, then return to 
the schoolhouse, taking picnic and to take part in the 
evening of dancing and late evening lunch. 

While this doesn't cover my whole life, it 
does cover those early days. As of 1982, 

I live in my home on the farm near Menan, where 
my son and family are running the farm. I can now 
watch the sunrise over the Tetons from my kitchen 
window, and from my living room I can see the 
beautiful sunsets over the Salmon River mountains. 




1 -.'V'.* - 

'..' /'.y :j i ^ 


Lynn and Tt'lva 

The Lynn Barney family migrated to Kilgore 
from Lakeshore, Utah in 1915. Some of them lived 
in Kilgore for quite a long time, but the older folks 
lived there only two years. They moved to Lcwisville 
for the winter. 

Lynn Charles Barney was born October 
20,1897 in Lakeshore, Utah. 

When they came from Utah they brought N^ith 
them three wagons and a buggy. Granddaddy bought 
with him a new model T. Ford. He couldn't drive it, 
but Uncle Al could, so he got to do the driving. Two 
of the girls drove freight wagons. 

It took us about three days to travel here from 
Utah. The Kelson place is presently the John Larick 
place and Murray Hunter bought it from Grandmother 

They brought quite a few livestock with them. 
They just put up meadow hay and pasture. They 
didn't raise much grain to speak of. Uncle Ike, Uncle 
Al, Uncle Will, Ben and my grandparents U-ailed the 
cattle back and forth for about rv«.elve years to 
Lewisville. When grandfather died, grandmother sold 
the stock to the boys. 

None of the children went to schix^l at 
Kilgore. They did go to the dances at the Idmon and 
Kilgore schools. The Vadnais's were part o\ the 
orchestra. They also got together to have card parties. 

There was a house here when they came, but 
they had to move some dry farm houses together and 
add on to make it big enough. 

We bought it from Charlie Kelst">n. It u-as 
homesteaded by Neil McMillian and patented in 1906. 
When Murray Hunter owned it the burned dou-n 
and John Larick replaced it with a log home. 

We heated our homes with wtHxJ, which we 
hauled during the winter or late fall. Most iif the 
wells were driven with a sand p^iint. Some would 
only have to go d(^wn 10 feet, others would have to go 
20 feet. We bought our groceries from Spencer and 
Dubois during the spring and fall. 

We had a sLitionarv' baler, and sti did ixir 
Uncle Ike. We u-an.spi)rted quite a lot y.A hay out oi 
Kilgore. They had a that would walk in a circle 
to furnish the power to bale our hay In later years 
they u.sed a steam tractor to furnish the p*>wer. 

Uncle Ike used to raise a cikkI garden 
Anything that would freeze very easy the\ didn't 
raise. Most of our family haJ milk cou-s. Wc uxHild 
send in the can \^'i cre^m to DuKus and S|vncer on the 
mail wagon or sleigh, from there ur wn>uld .ship il »>n 

the train. 

Ilie road cor>ditit>ris \sere Kid The rtvids 
were closed in tlie wmter. muddy m llu* sjumg.\ 
in the summer, arxl unpredictable in the tall Urvk 
ike and dad had a steel drag nude cs]x-ciall> after 


they started using cars. We'd drag the road and make 
it fairly passable. 

When there were storms, it was nearly 
impossible to feed livestock for 3 or 4 days at a time. 
Fences would be covered. A lot of snow fell during 
the early 1920s. Since there was no fence to be seen 
the cattle would head out for the neighbors. 


My parents were Telva Leonard Barney and 
Lynn Charles Barney. Both lived in Kilgore, that is 
how they met. My mother's parents were "Simp" and 
Mary Leonard. "Simp" was born January of 1872 in 
Westbend, Indiana and died in 1941 in Rexburg. 
Mary Alvinia Huntsman Leonard, was born October 
16, 1880 in Annabelle, Utah. She died in 1926. 

My grandpa and grandma were married in 
Utah. Mother was born in Colorado and they lived 
there until mother was about six. Grandpa worked in 
the mines then. They moved to Utah, then to Idaho 
around Ammon, then around Idaho Falls and from 
there they moved to Kilgore and homesteaded. 

Telva rode a horse three miles to go to school 
at Kilgore. When she was in the 2nd or 3rd grade she 
went with the Rasmussen kids. She had three brothers 
and two sisters. One of her brothers died when he 
was about 15 and is buried in the Kilgore cemetery. 

My dad and mother's families worked 
together. Lynn and Telva were married March 12, 
1925. Grandmother Leonard had a stroke after Calvin 
died, and she died two years later. She was 
completely paralyzed for these last two years. She's 
buried in Kilgore. 

Their first home was at Kilgore. Our 
grandmother Leonard died and mother and dad lived 
with grandfather to help with the younger children. 

My folks had four children: La Moyne, 
Mrytle, Velda, and Opal. 

Mrytle married Dewey Gauchay. They lived 
on Medicine Lodge at the Paul Gauchay ranch. 
Dewey also worked at the Stacy Bond ranch. He died 
at a young age and is buried in Dubois. "Myrt" later 
married Walt Goodman from Anaconda. Both are now 
desceased. Mrytle and Dewey had three children: 
Lynn Paul, Sandy, and Connie, 

Velda married John Mains. They lived many 
years at Hamer where he worked for Utah Power and 
Light Company. They are now living in St. Anthony. 
They have five children which includes Felicia, Erin, 
"Dave", Shelly and Mark. 

Opal married Thomas Johnston of Menan. 
"Tommy" and Opal lived at the U.S. Sheep 
Experiment Station until he retired. They moved to 
Dubois where they have built a home. They have four 
children, Betty, Tonmiy Dean, Harold Ray and Penny. 

I, LaMoyne, married Loretta McClain. When 
we were first married I worked for the "Joe" Laird 
ranch west of Dubois, then at the Stacy Bond ranch at 
Medicine Lodge. We later acquired a ranch west of 
Hamer, where I farm and raise cattle. We have four 
children, Janet, Ann, Marie and Lyle. 

LaMovne Barnev.T.R..Tohnston..Tohnnv Mains. 
Loretta Barney. Opal .Tohnston. Velda Mains 

My folks moved to Camas in 1928. They 
farmed on Camas Creek for a couple of years. Then 
they bought a place in Hamer. Dad drove a school 
bus for a couple of years for Hamer; his route was 
south on the Cams Creek road. 

Depression hit our family pretty hard. We 
had pretty tough times. I remember during that time 
dad worked as a janitor at Hamer. 

In 1932, the family bought a farm at Camas. 
We lived there for about 20 years. Dad worked on 
the railroad, farmed, and continued to drive the bus. 

In 1951, they purchased the store and post 
office at Humphrey which they operated for some ten 

Dad was a member of the school board, and 
later a member of the Humphrey Cemetery Board. 
After that they sold out, and decided to move back to 
Hamer where they lived at my place. The folks 
bought a trailer and moved in to my place where they 


lived the rest of their lives. Dad helped me a lot, he 
liked to stay busy. He enjoyed caring for his few 
head of livestock as well as helping me too. He 
worked hard until the last two years due to his chronic 
heart condition. Dad died in the Idaho Falls hospital 
March 12, 1976. He is buried in Dubois. 

Mother lived on for ten more months, but had 
a couple of strokes and then a heart attack. She died 
and is also buried in Dubois. They were preceded in 
death by two children, 



His parents were Benjamin Barney and 
Caroline Beard Tippets, Benjamin Franklin Barney 
was the son of Charles Barney and Deberah Riffel 
Street born March 12, 1832, at Springfield, Illinois. 
CaroHne Tippets was the daughter of Christen and 
Margaret Almenrod Beard, she was born in Virginia. 
At the age of 17 Benjamin met Caroline, she was the 
widow of Alva Tippets. They were married at 
Council Bluffs, Iowa, where they resided until their 
son Benjamin Kimball was born, their next abode was 
at Pottawatama, Iowa where their daughter Laura 
Alice was born. They were converts to the doctrine 
of the Mormon Religion, and were ready for the 
tiresome westward journey with Morman emigrants, 
bound for Zion, the year of 1852. They endured 
many hardships on this trip west, cooking on 
campfires, living in their covered wagons, fording 
rivers, swimming the livestock. 

After a long and tiresome journey they arrived 
in Utah the fall of 1852. Their first home was at the 
old fort in Provo, where they lived for a time. Their 
daughter, Laura Alice died in March 1854, and is 
buried at Provo. 

They moved to the Fort at Palmyra in the 
summer of 1854. It was here father was born, 
September 3, 1854, by the light of a grease wckxI fire. 
In the fall of 1854 great clouds of gra.sshoppers 
devoured all the crops that had not been harvested; the 
next year was even worse after all the young 
grasshoppers had hatched by the millions, eating 
everything that was green; the country kK)ked like a 

fire had swept over the land, and famine faced the 
settlers, but by living on half rations of fish, bran 
bread, and mush they were able to get by. Flour sold 
as high as $100.00 per hundred, potatoes sold for 
$3.00 a bushel, food was very scarce, while the men 
and boys tilled the soil and guarded against the 
Indians, the women would gather greens, dig roots to 
go with the fish. 

The crop was much better the year of 1857. 
except for the trouble with the Indians. There was the 
report that the United States Army was coming to 
drive the Mormons out of the country. Nothing 
serious happened however, the next two years were 
routine and on October 19, 1859, a son Wilber was 
born, another son Charles was born July 14. 

Grandfather established a home at Lake Shore, 
but he didn't stay with the family there ver\ much of 
the time; like many men of that day he believed in the 
Doctrine of Polygamy and had taken another wife. He 
married Pricilla Ann Shepard, April 8, 1855. at 
Brigham Young's office in Salt Lake Cit\, and s"pent 
considerable time with her. Grandmother did her best 
to raise the children under the circumstances. 
Grandfather was an Indian Scout which tcxik him av^-ay 
from his family a great deal of the time, and during 
his absence their son Wilber died in March 1864. 
Grandmother had the trial of taking the corpse to 
Spanish Fork for burial, while carrying a six monih 
old child in her arms and the Kiys walking and driving 
the team. 

Grandmother gave birth to another son. Ainu, 
April 6, 1865, and nine months later on December 7, 
1865, Grandfather married a third wite. Karen or 
Caroline Nielson. 

The son, Benjamin Kimball 16, tinik sick and 
died, again adding to grandmothers stirrow. 
Grandfather went to Sever Count>' and secured farms 
for his other two families. Father helped plant the 
first apple u-ees here. 

The Indians were still triiubles*ime. and living 
so far from other families, they were alway.s on the 
l(K)k out for trouble. Their only means of e.scape was 
to take grandmother and the smaller children m a row 
boat and go out on tlie lake and hide in the bull 
ru.shes. sometimes .spending the night hidden in this 
spot until the danger was over She had a lite that 
was far from being rosT. but aU-ays did her in 
raising her children without a fatliors care She alM> 
raised an Indian girl, who bi-came the uife ot Hcnr> 
Taylor, a white nun .She did her work vsril 


William & Lovisa 


He was born under very humble circumstances 
and by the light of a grease wood fire, in the year of 
the grasshopper plague. Spending most of his early 
life in Spanish Fork, at the age of 9, he and his 
brothers helped support the family by herding cows 
for the public, built fences and helped clear the land 
so crops could be planted. They lived 7 miles from 
school so their education was very limited. 

One of their worries were the hostile Indians, 
a constant lookout was always a way of life. One 
night while camping out with the cattle they saw 
something moving back and forth which looked like 
feathers. They decided it was an Indian or the devil, 
so father drew down with the old musket and pealed 
away, the thing made no more noise. On investigation 
the next morning, they learned they had killed a big 

Much of their work was in the timber getting 
wood out for fence posts, lumber for homes, and 
timber for bridges in Monroe. All the hauling was 
done with Ox teams. He and his father did freighting 
to Southern Utah. 

In his early twenties he began considering 
matrimony. He was a tall dark complexioned, brown 
eyed, young man, well liked by many of the young 
ladies. He finally set his heart for a young lady by 
the name of Lovisa Lossee, a fair haired, blue eyed, 
girl, the daughter of Isaac and Sarah Gilbert Lossee. 
They were married by Bishop Franklin Stewart, 
December 24. 1876. He claimed he received the best 
Christmas present ever. They settled in a home near 
his mother, clearing the land of brush, and soon had 
a small farm. 

Their first child, Laura Jane, was born 
December 18., 1877, and died on October 9, 1878. 
A second daughter, Lovisa Adell, was bom April 5, 

1879. A third daughter, Sarah Eleanor, was born 
May 2, 1881, a son, William Arthur, born January 
11. 1883. Father was instrumental in getting a private 
school started in the home of Hans Ottensen, and the 
hiring of their daughter, Emma Ottensen Halverson, 
as teacher. 

Father was Deputy State Fish and Game 
Commissioner fi-om 1903 until 1910. On one 
occasion father and his brother, Alma, were in the 
canyon after timber. They were awakened by Sheriff 
Turner of Utah County, to help him recapture a 
murderer, who had escaped by jumping off a train, 
near where they were camped. He deputized Alma 
to guard the horses, and father to go with him to 
capture the man. Father found the prisoner hid 
behind some railroad ties. After firing a shot at the 
man which brought the sheriff, the prisoner was 
captured. The train was stopped, and the prisoner was 
taken to Provo to jail. Other children were Joseph 
Alva, Benjamin LeRoy, and Charles Lynn; the 
following daughters were also born, Jennie Maude, 
Ruby May, and Velma. 

Life at Ceder Valley was equally as bad as 
their forefathers went through. There was a lack of 
help during sickness, shortage of water, schools, 
churches and the companionship of neighbors. The 
only sounds were the sounds of the cattle, sheep, or a 
coyote. They were unable to finance piping the water 
from the springs to the farm land. 

When they heard about a ranch at Kilgore in 
Camas Meadows in Northern Idaho, where some of 
their sons had settled on cattle ranches. Father took an 
option on 120.82 acre meadow with a large log house 
and barn, located a mile west of the Kilgore post 
office and school. This was a 400 mile trip to Idaho, 
so they shipped their furniture, and livestock by train 
to Spencer, Idaho. The family went by automobile. 
According to courthouse records the indenture of this 
property was October 9, 1915 when the 120.82 acres 
was purchased by William and Lovisa Barney, for a 
total of $3,000 from C.W. and Caroline Allen. Neal 
McMillians were the original homesteaders of 
said property. 

The move was very hard on father and mother 
at their age, the climate was different, the winters 
were hard. They lived in the Meadows two years. 

They then purchased a tract of land in 
Lewisville. Before Lovisa passed away, it was 
agreed that Murray Hunter could purchase said 
property. This he did October 2, 1946. Issac Barney, 
a son and administrator for Lovisa Barney, made this 


transaction. John and Bettie Barney Larick later 
purchased the same property May 2, 1947 from 
Murray and Birdie Hunter. To date, the Laricks have 
been the owners for 45 years. Willi, i F. Barney was 
the greatgrandfather of Bettie Larick. 

William and Lovisa Uked their new home in 
Lewisville. It was closer to school and church, and 
they were pleased to be welcomed in the community. 
However, they continued making trips to Kilgore in 
the sunmiers to visit with their children and take a 
load of wood back home. Father and mother were 
the parents of 13 children, 5 boys and 8 girls, all 
living at this time except Laura Jane, who died at 10 
months, and Olivia Lorena, who became the wife of 
Hyrum Argyle Jr. 

Father suffered from stomach cancer, passing 
away February 4, 1924. He was buried in the 
Lewisville Cemetery, at the age of 69. 

OF 1937-38 



If we were to visit a choice garden of flowers, 
we would find that out of all the beautiful and lovely 
collection of flowers growing in that garden there 
would be some so strikingly different that we would 
say it had a charm and a personality which no other 
flower in the garden possessed. 

God has placed upon his earth garden many 
beautiful and lovely handmaidens to grow and bUxim 
to bring joy and gladness unto all who come into this 
garden. As with the flowers, so we find it true with 
the handmaidens, that some are given a personality 
and a charm together with a disposition which no one 
can help but admire. 

The story of the life of Lovisa Lossee Barney. 

one of God's choice handmaidens here upon earth is 
full of a striking personality, combined v^ith a 
sweetaess and charm. 

She was, no doubt, favored in her start to 
grow, for she came of godly parents as we shall see. 

Her father, Isaac H. Lossee was a native of 
North Carolina, as was her mother, Sarah Gilbert. In 
the year 1838, on February seventh they were married 
and moved to Michigan to make their home. Two 
years later in October 1840, they heard the wonderful 
gospel of Jesus Christ preached by the "Mormon' 
Elders. And in the first month of the new year on 
January tenth, 1841, they were baptized members of 
this great church - the Church of Jes^us Christ of 
Latter-Day saints. That same year, in Jui^, they 
moved to Nauvoo, his father and mother and every 
brother and sister going with them. It calls to mind 
the words of Ruth to Naomi in the Bible, "for whither 
thou goest I will go - and where thou lodgest I v^ill 
lodge, thy people shall be my people and thy God my 
God." This family had placed their lot, whatever it 
may be, with the Saints. 

In the spring of 1843, two years later, Isaac 
H. Lossee went on a mission to Michigan and Canada. 
Late in the fall of 1844 he returned with Sarah's tuin 
brother, John Gilbert. In the fall of 1845 the mob 
broke out in the branch where they lived, burning 
their homes and destroying all property and driving 
the Saints into Nauvoo for protection. The next 
spring, 1846, they started with the Saints to cross the 
plains to reach the Rocky Mountains. They re-ached 
Iowa when sickness set in, they had lost everything by 
the hands of the mob, so with sickness and pcwerty 
both upon them they had lo remain in hm-a until 1852 
or for six years. On the fifteenth day of September, 
they first settled at Lehi, later at Manti. Spani.>vh Fv>rk. 
Orderville, Kane Co. where they lived in the 'I'nited 
Order" for six years and finally liKated in 1885 at 
Cannonville, Garfield County. They had thrive 
children, nine of whom are living, and fitty-tive 
grandchildren and five grejt grandchildren Thi.s 
couple almost lived to see their fitueth wedJmg 
anniversary, having lived together exactly fort> nine 


This is but a sketch of the live* of si.sler Lossee Barney's parents atxJ tamily \S'ben 
asked concerning her life .'vhe thoughtfully replied. 'I 
don't believe I have anything in my life u-orlh uTiung. 
it has been just one continuous round o\ raismg Kibie> 
and making butter. 

Sister liarnev was b*irn at M.inti. I tih. on iJk 


eleventh day of June, 1860. she was the tenth child in 
this pioneer family and has often been spoken of as 

Her father was a farmer there at Manti, 
making shoes and working in his Cobbler shop odd 
times. He made every pair of shoes worn by his 
family. He also had lots of sheep and cattle around 
him. He liked to work among them. Their home was 
real comfortable the best those days afforded. 

Sister Lovisa had many friends and playmates 
before and during her school days. 

Her schooling conmienced at the age of five 
years at Spanish Fork, Utah. She regrets today she 
was started too young as it discouraged her in her 
studies and disliked school, she never went above the 
fourth grade. 

William Barney—who later became her 
husband, lived here at Spanish Fork. His father was 
a polygamist, having three wives. At this time we 
will remember plural marriage was taught by the 
leaders of the church and strictly obeyed. Thus in 
many cases one family was very large in numbers. 
"Will" as she called him, was eldest son and as soon 
as he was large enough he was put to work to help 
provide for the others. His childhood was rough and 
hard— all work and little play. He was even denied 
those good old school days, he never went to school 
a day. 

When Sister Barney was "sweet sixteen" she 
and "Will" were married by their bishop out on her 
parents farm near Spanish Fork in the year 1876. 
Will was a fine looking youth of twenty one years, 
real dark complexioned. They made a nice couple 
together. Sister Barney is just the opposite-blue eyes 
and a round plump face surrounded with pretty fluffy 
light hair. 

Her husband had land out at Lake Shore, 
Utah, so they went there. The home they built was 
considered very nice. It was a four room frame 
building, real comfortable inside and kept the "newly 
weds" planning to furnish it and remain within their 

The babies helped solve the furnishing 
problem considerably. All the babies, thirteen, in 
number, five boys and eight girls, were bom here at 
this home. The eldest baby, however, died when ten 
months of age. Just as soon as the babies could walk 
well she sent them to Primary and Sunday School 
regularly, going with them a good deal of the time 
herself. When her daughter. Ruby, was bom she 
commenced to labor in the Primary association as a 

teacher and continued to do so for several years. 
Every Primary day she would stop her many 
household tasks to wash faces, comb heads, slip clean 
frocks on each kiddie to go to Primary. When she 
and her family of little ones arrived they would 
sometimes say that she had brought the Primary with 
her. She loved the work, and they regretted to lose 
her and her boys and girls when they moved away. 

It was close to a three day joumey with wagon 
and team in the early spring to reach their new home 
at Cedar Valley, Utah, away out on the hills on a dry 
farm. For ten long years they would pack up and go 
every spring, isolate themselves all sunmier and fall 
from everyone but themselves, and retum to Lake 
Shore for the winter months and place their children 
in school. 

This father and mother were surely pioneers 
of a sterling character. Their loss of their home had 
been a heavy one, yet, here they were out taking up a 
dry farm, in a new place, making a new start all over 
again. It is really beautiful the way in which she and 
her husband worked together, always side by side, 
through the hard years which came as well as the 
more pleasant years, they were companions. The 
hand of misfortune seems to deal with some folks 
pretty hard, and it surely did to Sister Bamey and her 
family at this time. They had one of the richest farms 
and nicest homes to be found anywhere around Utah 
Lake. Their crops produced abundantly and they were 
just doing fine. When one spring there was more high 
water than usual and Utah Lake conmienced to rise 
and overflow. It flooded their beautiful farm lands 
and home, almost washed them out, and deposited a 
mineral over everything that made their home and 
farm worthless. What were they to do? They had ten 
children at home yet dependent, Velma, was just two 
years old. Well, the boys started to work away from 
home, secured railroad employment, some of her girls 
left too, the home seemed all broken up. And to add 
more troubles upon them than they already had, the 
children all came home from the railroad with 
Typhoid fever. It seemed like there wasn't another 
thing for them to do but seek a new home elsewhere 
and so they went to Cedar Valley and took up a dry 

The first few years were very slow and hard, 
as they usually are. Their cattle and stock were 
mostly young stuff and they didn't have a great deal to 
start on. They had to haul water three and one half 
miles for drinking purposes, household use, milk 
cows, and working horses. The rest of the stock were 


range stuff and they secured water from springs found 
in certain places on the hills. But the end of each year 
found them better off than the year before, and it 
wasn't many years until they were getting ahead again. 

Somehow or other it seemed that the work 
remained just as hard and tedious though. Why, every 
week Sister Barney would make from forty to one 
hundred pounds of butter, every week end she would 
carefully pack her butter and eggs in the lumber 
wagon and ride to Eureka, a mining town which was 
nearest them. Her journey was over a rough mountain 
road most of the way. 

She had ridden over that road many a time 
and wondered as they rode in the old spring seat 
together if they would be held up by a highwayman 
for their money received for the butter. Besides the 
milk, butter, eggs, etc., she made hundreds 0/ pounds 
of cheese every sunmier. 

One winter set in unusually hard, one of the 
longest, hardest winters they have ever passed 
through. Prices went sky high on most everything and 
especially on hay. So when spring finally arrived 
enough to make the journey to Cedar Valley. They 
borrowed a good team from a neighbor returning a 
load of wood for its use. With the family and 
provisions loaded in the wagon and "Ben" and his 
brother on ponies driving the live-stock, they started 
out over some awful roads. About noon on the third 
day they arrived with "Ben" ailing with a bad cold. 
When morning came, pneumonia set in and right here 
marks one of the most touching experiences sister 
Barney had been called to pass through. Her home 
was of logs, a real comfortable home. They placed 
Ben in the best room and stayed by him night and day. 
For two weeks Sister Barney never removed her 
clothing to lie down to rest, what sleep she had was 
snatched while "Ben" was resting for a spell. For two 
weeks "Ben" was in a delirium. Sister Barney and her 
husband took turns caring for him. The family cooked 
the meals, and when it came to washing, they washed 
out in a building close by, first one would go rub for 
a while and then the other would go, so that one could 
be by "Ben's" side all the time. It got so they 
couldn't speak of "Ben" to one another, the tears 
would always come. TTiere wasn't a doctor any where 
that would come to them so far away as they were. 
At night Sister Barney could kx)k in every direction 
just as far as one could see, and never see a light of 
any kind. Day in and out, one week after another, 
she never saw another face besides their own. If some 
neighbor or friend, or even a kindly stranger could 

have dropped in, think of the relief they would have 
brought to this mother and father. Sometimes, she 
said, it seemed like she just wanted to cry her troubles 
out or talk them out to some one to get relieved of the 
worry, the strain, that seemed so heavy upon them. 
The night the crisis came and the fever broke Mr. 
Barney thought "Ben" had gone, but Sister Barney 
kept her vigil over him until morning when they were 
certain he was turning for the better. And he did, but 
it was very, very, slow. We find it true throughout 
our journey here in life that when we are striving and 
working hard to get ahead, build good homes, and 
raise a large family there are always hard places in the 
way to over come. And sometimes when trouble once 
sets in, it just seems to go from one trouble to 
another. So it was this spring, for "Ben" had no 
sooner recovered than word came to Sister Barney and 
her husband to go to the bedside of their daughter, 
Olive. She left the home in care her eldest daughter 
at home (Stella), eighteen years old, and together, she 
and Will went. Their daughter died soon after they 
arrived, leaving two of the sweetest children. The 
little boy was two and the baby girl, was nine days 
old. Her heart just ached for that baby girl and linJe 
boy, to her it seemed as if it were her outi. But 
rather than part the children her daughter's husband 
returned to his mother with the children. 

Sister Barney did not feel bitter or as if God 
were trying her sorely. She just was thankful that the 
Lord had been merciful unto them all. 

In 1915 they moved to Kilgore Idaho, buying 
a large ranch. It was an ideal ranch for stix'k and 
sheep. They remained there two years and moved to 
Lewisville, Idaho, in 1917 in the fall. 

Most of the time spent here. Mr. Barney v,-is 
in ill health. At times, however, she would feel fairly 
good and when she did he always got his old 
companions out, his horses, and drive to Kilgore to 
haul a load of w(xxi back. He loved it there, he loved 
to be close to nature. He \s-as talkative, a gt>xl mixer 
and a natural born entertainer, every one liked to meet 
him. On days when he could nut work he would sit 
beside the kitchen tire and whittle toys out o\ wi»»k1 
for the kiddies. He u.sed to drive oxen s*> much when 
a boy, and before he died he made every one of his 
children a yoke of oxen which are very true to lite 

He finally passed away, here at their h<mK m 
Lewisville, a true companion and a hning taiher, (>n 
the fourth day of February . \''>2A, at the age of .sixty - 
nine years five months and one day. 

At tlie time this was written Sister Rirney's family 


were all married except one, Velma, her baby, who 
was home most of the time. She used to buy overall 
material and make her boys their overalls and cut the 
big ones down and make them over for the smaller 
owners. Their best suits were made by her, their 
sweater, gloves and socks knit from her needles. Her 
husband never wore but one or two gloves and socks 
which were bought during their forty-eight years of 
married life. Her girls wore her nice woolen 
stockings too until they reached their "Teens" when 
nothing but lisle or silk would do them. Her floors in 
her home were neat and attractive with carpets made 
from carpet rags. All her hand work was beautiful. 
She did drawn work at her age that was very dainty 
and neat, she made doilies and tidies that were a pride 
to her home. And when it came to homemade rugs 
she couldn't be beat. She could make flowers, 
animals, designs clever and cute, appear in her fluff 
rugs. She had so many different ways of using left 
overs from quilts and odds and ends in rugs that were 
always attractive as well as serviceable. When it came 
to quilting, she couldn't be beat either. On a work 
and busy day, February 10, 1925, the Relief Society 
awarded her a prize for being the best and prettiest 
quilter there that day. 

Her health at her sixty-fifth birthday was 
good. In fact she has been blessed with good health 
throughout all her years. Her only drawback was a 
lame leg. When a young girl of about fourteen years, 
she fell and injured her back leaving it weak. She has 
labored against this weak back through her young 
trying years when raising a family. This affected her 
legs a great deal to hold up under the strain at times. 
However, she is active around home, always busy at 
some task, but is not able to walk far or much. 

She was loved by all who knew her, friends 
and neighbors alike. The world has been made better 
for having had the life of beauty, service, and love, 
which she had lived here. She is truly one of God's 
choicest flowers, and may his richest blessings ever be 
with her children. May they each live a life as 
beautiful as the Mother's has been. 

Lovisa Lossee Barney passed away Tuesday, 
July 30, 1940, at the age of 80 years old. 



High Brid2e Homestead-.Tames & Julia 
Kenneth .Vivian .Minnie.Warren .Or villa 


My parents, James F. and Julia Robbins 
Barry, were living in Humphrey, Idaho, when I, 
Vivian Barry Christensen, was bom July 15, 1911. 
There were four other children - Minnie Barry Davis, 
Warren Barry, Orvilla Barry Hughes and my youngest 
brother, Kenneth, who was bom at Humphrey July 
15, 1913. I was the youngest girl. I can remember 
my sister Orvilla and myself walking a foot bridge 
coming from my uncle Frank Robbins' place. We 
both fell in the creek with our sun bonnets on. My 
sister scrambled out and when my dad saw her, he ran 
to my rescue and pulled me out, I was almost gone. 
He turned me upside down—pounding my back—until 
I came to. 

About 1964 we came back to this area and 
purchased the old property once owned by my parents, 
where they spent the first years of their married life 
together. We found some old dugouts on our ranch. 
We were told some old trappers had dug them to live 

We later moved to Spencer, living in a little 
house still standing across the railroad tracks. My dad 
cut ice on the Humphrey ice pond in the winter for the 
railroad. He also worked for the Wood Live Stock 
Company as a carpenter, besides farming. 

I remember having pink eye; mother had to 
soak my eyes in warm water before I could see 
anything in the mornings. 

We lived in Spencer a short time. Our next 
move, when I was 5 years old, was near China Point 
at an area then called High Bridge. High Bridge 
Railroad Station was a water stop for the trains. It 
had a big water tank, like Dubois and Spencer had, as 
well as a section house. Our dad took out his 


homestead rights nearby. We kids cleared the ground 
of sagebrush with a grubben hoe. Do you know what 
a grubben hoe is? Dad told us if we cleared the 
ground he'd give us a little red wagon. I remember 
we really worked hard, and for our efforts he did 
keep his word; our reward was a little red wagon. 
We had loads of ftm with that wagon. There are still 
piles of rocks that we cleared off that ground lying 
around the old homestead. Dad planted grain on the 
land, so we had feed for the chickens and horses. 

Dad walked three miles every day to work on 
the railroad just to earn desperately needed income for 
his family. 


My first school days were spent in a little one 
room log school house (still standing on the old Don 
Bumside Ranch, now "Lee" Petersons, off the old 
highway. Bumside had moved the building from its 
original site to where it stands today to use as a barn.) 
I remember the fun we had at the dances in this 
building, and my dad and uncle playing the violin. 

This school was called Midway. Apparently 
it was midway between Spencer and Dubois. We 
were located about a quarter of a mile from the 
school. We went back to look in the building one 
sunmier (1978). I found an old book there, it had 
Spencer School District written in it. All eight grades 
were taught in this one room log building, by one 
teacher. As you entered the building, you walked 
directly into the cloak room, then you entered the 
classroom, with large blackboards on the wall. At one 
time there was another room attached to the building, 
which housed the school teacher. However, that 
section of the building has disappeared. The Outhouse 
was a long way from the school house— when the snow 
drifts were ten feet deep! It was a fancy one— a two 
seater. We always went to the bathroom in pairs, 
well, sometimes one held the door shut, while the 
other one went in. Several children did ride 

horses to school. I can remember the Lemons and the 
Beachms children did, because they lived quite a ways 
away, between High Bridge and Dubois. They would 
tie their horses to a post. 

Our teacher was an unmarried woman. There 
were some large boys who went to school, probably 
about grown men. They'd stay after school, just to 
torment the teacher. She'd get us girls to stay to help 
her beat them over the head witli the brcx)m stick, 
(Ha-Ha). The boys were just flirting with the teacher. 

The folks would h(K)k up a team and wagon to 

go into Dubois about once a week to get our 
groceries, but I don't remember the store. I think 
most of the time we kids stayed home and got into 
mischief when the folks went to town. 

We children often walked into Spencer, a 
distance of some six miles. We would work hard to 
con our parents out of a dime to go buy some candy. 
It took us all day to go there and back. Sometimes, 
Frank Patt would bring us back on his motorcycle. Of 
course that's one reason we always liked to go up 

I also remember the gypsies who would 
always stop and wanted to tell your fortune for a small 
fee. They told mother her fortune and seemed to 
know where her money was. They said go in there 
and get some money out of your trunk and I'll tell you 
your fortune. She tried to say she didn't have any 
money, but they said, yes, you have, right in that 
trunk. So she would go get it because she was scared. 
They told her fortune and it seems that what they told 
her was true. They told her my father was sick and 
when he was going to die. It was not long after that 
he did. I don't know where they came from, they'd 
just drift through. They would stop at every place 
they could, where they thought they could get some 
food, beg for coffee, arxl anything else they could get. 
then they'd head out on the main road. 

There was an ice cave nearby, but it's all 
gone, as they stuck a stick of dynamite in it and it 
caved in. I can remember dad going down inside and 
getting icicles in July and August. 1 don't think you 
could get down there now. Grace, Lawrence. Warren 
and I went down in there when we lived on our 
homestead. We got our iceberg ice ptKkets down in 
there. I was surpri.sed it was right out left of those 
flats. We used to get a big blcKk of ice on Sunday 
and take it over to Howards and Minnie's, my sister 
and brother-in-law, to make hi>men\ade ice cream. 
We still make ice cream for celebratiims, but we 
don't' use the old hand crank freezer anymore, wr 
have an electric mott)r. 

We had a g(H>d garden while living at High 
Bridge. We rai.sed .s-uch vegetables as pi)tatoe^ arxl 


We were excited to tlrvJ our .steps, on the old 
trail going down inti^ Beaver Creek to pet water, from 
where our house was Kvated. We would' a little 
bucket tied on a ro(X' with pulless. then .s<'nd the 
bucket down into the creek A wire wrnt acrovs the 
canyon on which this was atuuheJ Wc c»>uld pull a 
full bucket of water up from the creek, anytime wr 


needed it without climbing down in the canyon. Often 
people would drive by on the roadway, going ft"om 
Spencer to Dubois. They would ask how we got 
water from the creek, and when we told them, they 
would pay us a quarter to bring them up some of tiie 

Our neighbors were quite a few miles apart. 
"Don" Bumside was our closest. There were the 
Lemons, the Beachmans, Ruth Bumside, "Art" 
Bumside and "Jim" Bumside, all taking out homestead 
rights. Harold Landacre, who worked at the Sheep 
Station, was a cousin of my husband. He's dead now. 

I remember our house Dad built in Beaver 
Canyon. The first winter it was covered up with 
snow. We wakened one morning, and couldn't see 
out the windows. Dad dug us out, and we walked 
over to "Don" Bumside's house. I remember freezing 
my hands. "Don" let us stay in his house until they 
dug our house out and pulled it on top of the canyon 
with six head of horses. We never got to live on our 
homestead long enough to own the land. 

Winter-.Tames Barrv Home 

My dad got sick and was operated on for 
gallstones and appendicitis in Idaho Falls in 1920. 
He lived but three hours, then died. Consequendy, our 
family had to move from the homestead. 

The main roadway going south to Dubois and 
north to Spencer, went right by our house, and into 
Montana. Monida, the first town, was quite a big 
town at that time. The road wasn't paved at this time; 
it was a dirt road, as all the roads were in those days. 

We harvested our grains with a header, or a 
beam using four head of horses on the header, which 
dad ran. I think they had to shovel it in by hand 
though. They cut the grain and tied it up then 
elevated it up into a header box. Near as I can 
remember, they stacked it into the machine. We 
stored our harvest there in a granary. Some of the 
grain we used for our livestock, the rest was sold. 

Many of the men on homesteads worked on 
the railroad or for Wood Live Stock Company to 
support their family. This was in the early county 
homestead days. 

Usually the area had a good rain in the spring, 
and there seemed to be good grass around. (There 
was a good stand of grass in about 1966 at the 
Humphrey ranch, when we turned cattle out there with 
three month old calves that disappeared in the grass.) 

There were many more who took homestead 
rights—including my uncle "Al" Barry, his two sons, 
Arthur Barry and Lester Barry, and my brother-in- 
law, Howard Davis. 

Uncle "Al" Barrv 

Howard married my oldest sister, Minnie. 
They also took up a homestead. 

■^ "~^ 

APs Homestead at High Bridge 


Feb. 10, 1916, The Dubois 

Enterprise Newspaper - 

"Lester Barry, our popular tonsorial artist, 
who resides at High Bridge, braved the elements and 
came to Spencer Saturday for the first time in several 
weeks. He states that the situation on their ranch 
down the canyon is critical and danger of a flood is 
eminent as the water is rapidly rising. " 


I was the oldest daughter bom to Howard 
Milton and Minnie S. Barry Davis on April 27, 1918, 
at China Point, south of Spencer, Idaho. Ten children 
were bom to this union -three of which were bom on 
the dry farm south of Spencer, Idaho; three girls, 
myself, Irene Davis Hendricks bom, July 17, 1920, 
Dubois, Idaho, and Grace Davis Orr, bom May 4, 

I lived there only four years, when the 
drought and poor grain prices forced my father to go 
elsewhere to seek employment. 

I remember father's homestead where our 
family lived, and where he farmed about six years. 
Her grand parents, "Jim" and Julia Robbins Barry, 
lived nearby on Beaver Creek. A number of the 
family members are buried in the little cemetery at 
Humphrey, north of Spencer. 

The Carlsons "Charley and Lurinda, Stevens, 
Patts, Robbins, and my grandparents "James and Julia 
Barry" worked on the Humphrey ice pond, for the 
railroad, and also worked nearby for Woods Live 
Stock Company. 

We did lots of fishing in the Beaver Creek 
canyon. Dad used to go fishing up "Fish Bench;" it 
isn't there anymore. You can tell where it was, if you 
look really close. He'd take the team and wagon and 
we'd to up there and bring back a load of fish. One 
time we went over that bridge, covered with snow. 
The horses and I didn't know if we were going to 
come out alive or not. However, we went on and we 
didn't have any problem with the horses, after all. 
We got in the same tracks on the way back and 
everything was fine. 

The Indians used to come and tent down the 
canyon from us. They were after ground hogs. They 
would eat the meat and use the hides. We kids were 
scared of the Indians, so we'd go down and torment 
them and throw rocks at them, then the Indians would 
run after us. 

They used to camp there in Humphrey, also. 
Mom said, you could go down to visit with the Indians 
and make necklaces with them. Chiefs stopped there 
too. They would all come up during the summer to 
stay. I remember seeing some Indian Writings on the 
Beaver Canyon walls, when I walked down there to go 
fishing once in a while. 

Howard and Minnie eventually moved to 
Oregon because of the dry years that were to follow. 

Mother, Julia Robbins Barry, moved to 
Gibson on the reservation with her family. We bought 
forty acres. It was there I finished the eighth grade. 

My mother (Minnie Barry Davis) told of when 
she and dad were first married, how they used tti ski 
cross country twelve miles to attend the dance and box 
socials at Humphrey. They would sj>end the night and 
ski back in the morning. She said they did this at 
least twice each month. 

Blanche now lives in Blackfoot, Idaho. 



Mary s oa(('d-\1;irci;i. Ct'ortunna, 
(ftitriic. > Noiiiu', Idilti 


Let me introduce you to my mother's life 
story by first relating to you some of my recollections 
of her, when I was a child. 

I remember mother as a hard working, self- 
sacrificing, persevering, intelligent person. I was 
about five years of age when we moved into our 
"dugout" home on upper Birch creek. I can remember 
her putting us to bed, then scrubbing the floor until it 
appeared clean enough to eat off. 

She had no way of getting groceries, except 
to order staple foods such as: dried fruits, rice and 
beans from mail order catalogues, then carry them 
some three miles from the post office to home. I 
remember one incident when she carried fifty pounds 
of flour home on her back from the post office. On 
the way home she had to cross Birch creek on a pole 
bridge. She set the sack of flour down while she 
rested for a few minutes and asked the good Lord to 
help her get that sack of flour across the creek without 
dropping it or falling off the small pole bridge. He 
must have been with her as the poles lowered into the 
water, one then the other as her weight was put on 
them with each step. She was exhausted when we 
finally got home. She carried many such loads about 
as heavy in order to feed us. 

One a trip to the post office I was told to stay 
away from Baker's dog's puppies. But Lila Baker 
kept coaxing, saying that Fannie, her dog, was up 
with her father where he was fencing their place. I 
hadn't any more than stooped over to enter the inner 
sanctum of their former pig pen when Fannie grabbed 
me by the posterior portion. She grabbed me again 
and again before I could back out and get out of her 
way. I felt like my buttocks were chewed to 
hamburger. I don't believe that we even waited for 
the mail to arrive. Mother carried me most of the 
way home on her back. 

For several summers she would leave home 
during the night and walk five miles to the Weimer 
home and get Mrs. Frank Worthing's washing and 
walk home in time to milk two cows and get us off to 
school by eight o'clock in the morning. She would 
have the washing done over the board, dried and 
ironed by the time we got home from school. She 
would return it to Weimer's the next night. The days 
that she had ironing to do she would have supper 
cooked in the oven while she kept irons hot on top of 
the stove. She had to chop her own wood for heating 
the water for washing and for ironing because dad was 
away herding sheep for Wood Live Stock Company 
and we were too small to do it. She also had to carry 

all the water from the spring. 

She was not to be out-done on thinking 
either. She could add up a column of figures as fast 
as one could add them up on an adding machine. After 
becoming postmistress, making out the monthly post 
office reports gave her plenty of exercise with figures 
at the Reno Post Office on upper Birch creek. 

During the fall after her son, Reuben died, an 
elderly man walked from Nicholia to the Reno post 
office. It was raining and he was soaking wet. He 
had slept in a haystack at Nicholia, but was refused a 
cup of coffee. 

When he got to the post office, mother was 
sorting the incoming mail and getting mail ready to go 
out. She asked the elderly man if he had eaten. He 
told her that he hadn't eaten since early the day 
before. She asked the mail carrier if he would wait 
until she prepared something for the wet, shivering 
man to eat. 

She took him to the house. On that incoming 
mail George, Arlo and George Hinkson had gotten 
their order of their winter's clothes. One gave him 
his new pair of shoes and a pair of new socks, another 
gave him a pair of underwear and a shirt, the other 
gave him a new coat. While mother prepared his 
meal he changed into new, dry clothes and Ids wet 
clothes were hung on chair backs around the heater to 
dry as much as the limited time permitted. He wanted 
to go out with the mail carrier. 

When mother brought the food to the table to 
him, between his tears he asked if he might say Grace 
upon the food. She told him "Certainly." Mother 
said that she had never heard such an outpouring of 
gratitude. At the end he asked that this family never 
be hungry again. 

Mother said that "We have had some very 
lean years, but we have never been hungry again." 

He told the folks that he was a Baptist 
Minister from Seattle. He had lived with his daughter 
and family after his wife died. His daughter told him 
that he was "too messy" to eat with the family. He 
ate his meals in the kitchen. Finally she ordered him 
to leave. 

By the time he had finished eating and the 
mail was ready to leave his clothes were partly dry 
and were wrapped up and given to him. 

For several summers Mr. Wade of Hamer 
trucked fresh fruits and vegetable to residents in the 
Birch creek valley. One trip to the Barzee ranch 
mother bought fruit and vegetables from him. 

There were constant incidents in the post 


office that kept mother on the alert. On one occasion 
a neighbor sent a handful of letters to the postoffice 
with a note asking mother to stamp them and she 
would pay the postage later. Mother sent them out 
marked "postage due!" When that neighbor came to 
the post office the next time she was very angry. 
Another member of the same family some time earlier 
sent a handful of letters and a note asking mother to 
please stamp them and send them out in the mail. She 
did, but he never did pay for the postage. 

As we grew up we were given chores to do 
according to our age and ability which lightened 
mother's load. She was a loving mother and was 
always a lot of fun to have with us wherever we went, 
but she was also a hard taskmaster and had a very 
sharp temper. She had the habit of whisding a shrill, 
tuneless whistle when she was angry. Most of tiie 
time we would not know what she was angry about, 
but we soon learned to get busy at some necessary 
task out of her area. Regardless of who or what she 
was angry about she vented her anger on the first one 
that came across her path. 

In the early days on Birch creek dad and 
mother always went to the dances at the Lone Pine 
Hall. Dad played his banjo accompanying whoever 
played the violin, accordion or harmonica. Mother 
always took one of us girls to take care of the baby 
while she danced. I have never seen a more graceful 
dancer than she. I always looked forward to going to 
the dance to watch her dance. As we grew up we 
learned to appreciate more and more the wonderful 
mother we have, and appreciate her especially for the 
hardships and effort she went to for our sake. We 
owe Her a debt of gratitude that we can never pay. 

Life Story of Mary 

My first visit to the Birch creek valley was in 
June of 1911, when my husband, Reuben Theodore 
and I traveled with father's team and wagon to visit 
my brother, Francis and his wife, Hattie, who had 
moved out there the year before. In a few days we 
went back to Ammon, Idaho, packed up our few 
belongings and leading our two heifers went back to 
Birch creek to make our home. 

I, Mary Elizabeth Waters, was born in 
Salina, Severe county, Utah September 28, 1883. 
My parents, George Thomas Waters and Marcia Ann 
Gates Waters were married July 19, 1875 in the 
Endowment House in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

They lived at Mill creek, a few miles from 
Salt Lake for a few years where their first three 

children were bom. George Francis was bom April 
19, 1876, Reuben Freeman was bom September 7, 
1878 and Sarah Ann was bom December 13, 1880. 

In the spring of 1881 they moved to Salina, 
Utah, by team and covered wagon. While there, 
father built several new homes and planted orchards, 
but never stayed any one place long enough to gather 
fruit off the trees. 

They lived on a small farm in Salina canyon 
for several years where I was bom. My first 
recollection was of helping my father roll adobe slabs 
to make a two room adobe cabin three miles up the 
canyon from Salina. Brother Webster was born there 
March 4, 1886. Sister Marcia Ann was bom May 27, 
1888 and sister Betsy Gates was born December 21. 
1890 in that adobe home. 

I remember one Christmas when we all went 
to a Christmas program at the schtxil house. The 
neighborhood children were all neatly dressed, 1 was 
dressed in an overall dress made from the back of the 
legs of father's and my brother's overalls. The 
children made fun of me so I went outside and cried 
until the folks got ready to go home. 

During the next summer mother got mad at 
me over something. She ordered Reuben to get a 
horse, gave him a sack with my clothes in it and told 
him to take me to Mrs. Manning's and she didn't care 
what Mrs. Manning did to me. Reuben told mother to 
put in a clean shirt for him to<i because if Mary had to 
leave he did too. Mother knew that 1 hated Mrs. 
Manning because of her mean disposition. Neither of 
us left. 

It was a family custom to buy 100 p^mrxLs of 
sugar in the fall. Each child was given a small hag of 
sugar, about half a pound, as his or her own. That 
was theirs to do with as they wished. 

While we lived in Salina Canyon father did 
truck gardening in addition to making salt. He blasted 
rock salt out of the side of the hill. Near our hi>u-se he 
built a vat near a spring. He ran water in the vat on 
the rock salt, then built a fire under the vat and Nuled 
the brine until the .salt came to the top just as whiu- as 
any salt that can be Kiught tcxLiy He s<ild it for 
$1.00 per 100 pounds 

1 became eight years of age while wr lived at 
Salina. A pit was dug and a stream o( water filled the 
pit so that neighborh(XKl children could be bapu/ed 
into the membership of the LDS church On June 5. 
1892 1 was baptized by Charles Pinney and confirnvJ 
by Seth Johason. Oilier children that urre bupn/rd 
that day were George Pinney. l-li/«i and Ad-ih Acy arxl 


"Bill" Lee, son of John S. Lee, the massacre man, 
who was responsible for the death of many Mormon 

The following spring the family moved by 
team and covered wagon to George Town in southern 
Utah, about 150 to 200 miles to where father's people 
lived. The older children walked and drove the cattle 
and horses. My sister Sarah, about 11, walked every 
step of the way herding the cattle. During that trip an 
elderly woman offered the family a large pitcher of 
milk. No milk since then has had the pleasant flavor 
that this cup of kindness brought to the tired, thirsty 
Waters children. 

While in Georgetown, father again built 
another house, which was one room made of logs with 
a dirt roof. They started a farm, planting a crop of 
grain and hay, but mother's health was poor and she 
wanted to go back to her people in Saiina. They 
traded the place for cattle and horses and left the last 
part of July 1893 for East Loa where father sold 
several had of cattle and horses for a farm with a 
small log cabin on it. Shortly after the deed was 
signed the valley was swept with a killing ft-ost. This 
left everybody without flour or garden produce. From 
here the family moved to Gooseberry, about eleven 
miles from Saiina. On December 21, 1893 Seth Gates 
was bom in a rented house. Cora Ann Gates was 
bom there on July 29, 1896 in a rented house owned 
by Beany Allred. Father rented her farm and helped 
build the only school house at Gooseberry. The 
school term consisted of three months in a one room 
log house. While there, Marcia and Betsy walked 
three miles to get the mail. The family was very poor 
and could afford neither food enough to eat nor shoes 
to wear to go to school. I can remember being hungry 
most of the time. 

In 1898 they moved to Saiina for the winter 
to put the children in school. William Henry was 
bom there on December 30, 1898. 

On February 5, 1900 we left Saiina for Idaho 
with two wagons, four horses pulling one and two 
horses pulling the other, trailing a buggy and leading 
seven or eight horses, one behind another tied to each 
others tail. 

It was nice weather when we left Saiina, but 
we soon got into snow and storms. Each night we 
would pitch a tent and make beds down. Sometimes 
we would have to shovel away snow a foot deep 
before we could put the tent up. The folks had a stove 
with two lids and an oven in which the cooking and 

baking bread for the next day was done. Where we 
could, as we traveled along, the older children walked 
picking up sticks and brush to use for camp fire that 
night. Each night father would dig a pit and build a 
fire in it. A large kettle of beans was put on the coals 
and covered for the next day's meals. The fire was 
banked so that the beans were done by morning. Hot 
rocks from the fire were wrapped in burlap sacks and 
put in the wagon to keep the children's feet warm. 
Before leaving Saiina mother cooked ham and made 
cookies and some other food which she thought we 
would need on the trip. 

It took a month to travel to Idaho over 
unbroken roads, nearly a foot of snow and storms 
most of the way, arriving in Preston about the first of 
March. We stayed overnight at the Brimholdt place. 
The next morning father insisted upon fording Bear 
River with his four horise team and wagon loaded with 
his family and provisions. The river was high and ftill 
of huge chunks of ice. Mr. Brimholdt tried to 
persuade him to go back three miles to the bridge, but 
father was determined to ford the river anyway. The 
lead team, Kate and Bollie, refused to go into the 
water. All the whipping and yelling that father did 
could not get the leaders into the stream. He finally 
had to take the lead team off in order to back up and 
go back to the bridge. We stayed overnight at the 
bridge. The next morning near Preston we came to a 
steep dugway about a mile long. We met a man with 
team and wagon coming to meet us on the one-way 
icy road. It was too narrow and icy for the teams to 
pass. The man wamed father to take his lead team off 
and roughlock the wheels. Father refused to do 
either. The man insisted that he wasn't going to move 
his outfit until both were done because we would all 
be killed if he let father take his outfit down the hill as 
he wanted to do. After about half an hour of heated 
argument, he angrily unhitched the lead team and had 
fourteen year old Webster hold them while he 
roughlocked the wheels and took the wagon to the 
bottom of the hill. He and Reuben carried the 
roughlocks to the top of the hill and applied them to 
the wheels of Reuben's wagon. That also was taken 
to the bottom of the hill and the team was led down 
and rehitched to father's wagon. We continued on to 
Grandma Waters in Riverdale where we stayed for 
about a week to let the horses rest. She was father's 
stepmother, whom I had never seen. 

As we proceeded towards Pocatello we 
traveled in mud almost to the hub of the wagons. 
When we got to Pocatello the horses were tired, but 


father decided to go on to American Falls where he 
had heard there was work. Not knowing which road 
to take he let the horses take the road they wanted and 
they arrived about ten miles west of American Falls at 
Neily Valley on March 3, 1900. The town was 
quarantined for smallpox, so we camped at Mr. 
Sorenson's, where the horses were put in pasture for 
about a month free of charge. 

While there I worked for fifty cents per 
week. I worked for two days and became homesick, 
quit work and started to walk seven miles through the 
timber back to the folk's camp on Warm creek crying 
all the way. 

Mr. Sorenson put father and Reuben to work 
with their two teams with scrapers for about two 
months building a dam across Warm creek. Webster 
packed water in lard buckets to the workmen. 
Mother, twenty year old Sarah, I, about seventeen, 
and eleven year old Marcia, cooked for the men who 
wanted to eat at the tent. There were seven who ate 
three meals a day, and three others who ate only 
dinner there. 

A man by the name of Maybe had the 
contract for the construction work. Julius Sorenson 
was foreman, responsible for hiring and firing and 
paying the men. When the dam construction was 
completed father and Reuben stayed on as watchmen 
for about two weeks until they were approached by 
Mr. Maybe. "I understand that you are Mormons" he 
said. "Yes sir, we are." "In that case your work here 
is terminated, "he stated. 

This time the family headed for Teton, Idaho. 
While we were camped near Teton father went on 
horseback to look for a house for us to live in. On 
May 13, he found a small house on the river bank, 
east of Wilford and rented for $7.00 a month. This 
house was six miles south east of St. Anthony. 
Although we lived in the Teton, Ward, Webster, 
Marcia, Betsy and Seth went to school in the East 
Wilford school. I never went to school again after we 
left Utah. 

On May 15, father and Reuben went to work 
herding sheep for Smart- Webster Sheep Company. 
On accepting this job it meant that the family would 
be left to look after themselves. The horses were 
hobbled to prevent them from wandering too far. We 
gathered wild fruits and did a lot of fishing. 

In October father and Reuben came home. 
Reuben went back to Salina and married Luzetta 
Fisher October 22, 1900 and brought her back lo 
Idaho. The following February they went back to 

Salina by the same team and wagon that he brought to 

About Christmas time Sarah went to work for 
Mr. and Mrs. Caxton in St. Anthony. 1 went to work 
for Wiley Yuman family in St. Anthony. I worked 
for other people for a while, then went back to the 
Yuman family. Sarah and I got $2.00 per week. 

In the spring of 1901 father rented a farm 
near East Wilford and stayed there until January 12, 
when the femily moved to Ammon on Januar>' 12. 
1902. Father built a dugout for the family to live in. 
Frank Paul, the eleventh child, was bom there 
February 23, 1902. 

I went to work in this area also. 

On April 10 we noticed that eleven year old 
Betsy seemed incoherent and did not get out of bed. 
Betsy died during that day of spinal meningitis and 
was buried April 12, 1902. Father was herding sheep 
for Roy Bird at the time, Roy stayed with the sheep, 
while he went home for the funeral. 

Sarah was married to Heber Levi Hammon of 
St. Anthony, June 12,1902. 

Father continued herding sheep for Roy Bird 
until the family moved to the sawmill on 70 creek in 
July, 1902. That area is now knoun as B<ine, Idaho. 
The sawmill was owned and opx^rated by Louis 
Magleby. While we lived at the sauTnill. Tlie^xlore, 
Clark and George Barzee bearded with us for several 

The folks and Sara moved back lo the dug 
out on November 27, 1902. Heber went back to 
herding sheep. The folks next moved to the to\s-n of 
Ammon where they lived for a year. Father herded 
sheep and Webster tended camp for Christain 
Anderson. 1 continued cocking at the sa>ATnill. 

r)AD(;inT:R. (;i:()K(;k\nna bak/kk mitcmhi 



We were married December 23, 1902 by the 
Justice of the Peace, William Sample in Blackfoot, 
Idaho. (Sample's brother, Samuel Sample, was Range 
Superintendent for the Wood Live Stock Company at 
the time, at Spencer, Idaho.) 

Theodore and I lived in various places for the 
first several months of our marriage. From June to 
October we lived at the sawmill, now known at Bone, 
then moved back to Ammon where our first child, 
Effie May was bom, December 28, 1903. We then 
lived in Ako, near Rigby several years where Marcia 
Elinor was bom March 17, 1905. Georgeanna was 
bora at Garfield, January 9, 1907 and Reuben 
Lafayette there on November 22, 1908. 

Theodore developed blood poisoning several 
times from wearing rubber boots while irrigating farm 
crops. We moved back to the sawmill from April 1, 
to September of 1910, then back with my parents, 
where our fifth child, Irene was bom September 28, 

Our family joined my parents on a trip to 
Birch Creek with father's, George Thomas Waters, 
team and wagon, to visit my brother, Francis, and his 
wife, Hattie, who had lived in the area about a year. 
Upon our retum to Ammon we packed our few 
belongings and leading our two heifers went back to 
Birch Creek to make our home, with Francis Waters. 
Each family lived in a tent until Francis and Theodore 
could build a house. The first winter we lived with 
Francis and Hattie in a one room log house. 
Theodore and Francis herded sheep for Woods Live 
Stock there. The homestead of Francis and Hattie's is 
now known as the Harry Close place. 

The next summer we lived in our tent near 
the saloon. Lone Pine, a short distance from Francis 
and Hattie's house. In the fall we moved into a small 
house belonging to Tommy Weimer, up in his field, 
about half a mile north of Francis and Hattie. In the 
spring of 1912 Theodore, Sam Hershberger, Chet 
Worthing and Ned McDonald went to Leadore and 
filed on homesteads there in the Birch Creek Valley. 
They were some of the first to take advantage of the 
New Homestead Act in Idaho. The first Homestead 
Act was passed by Congress in 1862. It authorized 
the sale of public lands in parcels of 160 acres to 

July 24, 1912 we moved up on our 
homestead on the upper part of Birch Creek, living in 
a tent during the summer. 

The cattlemen in the area did not want us in 
there taking up the open water and grazing land and 

would gather several hundred of their cattle, head 
them towards our tent, then whip them into a stamped 
in an effort to run them over our tent to drive us out. 
Nine year old Effie and seven year old Marcia stood 
on Bumps on either side of me, and I stood on another 
bump directly in line with the tent, each one of us 
yelling at the top of our voices and waving our arms 
and with the aid of our part bloodhound, part bulldog 
helper. Jack, we split the herd and saved the tent with 
the smaller children in it. Jack, our dog, would grab 
the lead animal by the nose, flip it onto its back, then 
grab the next one. Stampeding the cattle towards our 
tent was repeated many times. The cattlemen knew 
that the children and I were alone, while Theodore 
continued herding sheep for Wood Live Stock 

When Theodore could come home, Sam 
Hershberger and Harry Rhoades, Mrs. Hershberger 's 
brother, built a cabin back in the hill. It was not 
finished, but we moved into it Thanksgiving Day 
1912. It had a dirt floor, but was more comfortable 
than the tent in the cold weather. A partition divided 
the bedroom from the living room. It was about a 
year later before the floor was built in it. 

We had no team or machinery to put up hay 
for our two cows and a calf, so Theodore bought hay 
from "Bill" Goddard and had him haul it to our place. 

We leased the pasture to Estie Howard. 
There was no shelter for the cattle during those severe 
wdnters. The cattle would crowd around the sheltered 
side of the house to get out of the wind and would 
often push one another through the window. I would 
have to get up several times each night and with the 
aid of our dog chase them away. But, they would 
come right back to get out of the wind and blowing 

The following spring Theodore traded the 
heifer calf to "Sam" Hershberger in exchange for him 
to finance the place, and Charlie Watts ftirnished the 
wire for rent of the pasture. By then, barb wire was 
available and that is what our place was fenced with. 

Theodore was able to buy a team of a horse 
and a mule, a set of harnesses and a wagon. The men 
in the entire area hauled logs and built a dance hall. 
It was against the west hill across from where the 
Lone Pine Cafe is now. The Lone Pine Hall was built 
in a central location for the people of the lower part of 
Birch Creek and those on the upper part of the creek. 
Those on the lower part of the creek were Jack, 
"Fred" and George Goddard, Kaufmans, Watt's and 


those on the Wood Live Stock ranch. Those on the 
upper part of the creek were Harry Close, James 
Dyer, Chet and Frank Worthing families, William 
Goddard, and Nichols families, Clarks, Ransoms from 
Nicholia and our family. Theodore always played the 
banjo at the dances, to accompany whoever was in the 
community to play the violin, accordion or harmonica. 
Occasionally our old pump organ was loaded in the 
wagon and Effie played that, when she had learned to 
play well enough. Mrs. Frank Worthing and Jackson 
Nichols played the violin and our bachelor friend, Jack 
O'Brien played the harmonica very well. Later 
"Dave" Bethume played the accordion. Most of us 
went by team and wagon in the summer time taking 
hay and grain for the horses. We all took sandwiches 
and cake. Coffee was made in a five gallon can over 
a bonfire built outside. A little room was built in the 
back of the hall with a place to put babies to sleep and 
a place for midnight lunch. Kerosene lamps and later 
gasoline lamps were used for lighting. We always 
went before dark and danced all night until daylight. 
We always had a dance on the Fourth of July and at 
haying time, when there would be additional people in 
the area. That was our main entertainment for the 
conmiunity. Occasionally the people would congregate 
at one of the homes on a Sunday afternoon to sing and 
play music. Those were happy days. 

Our little red haired daughter, Jenette 
Yvonne, was bom May 25, 1916. A friend of our 
bachelor friend, Mr. O'Brien, a Miss Jenny Barsness, 
took care of me at home. Her friend, a Miss Jenny 
St. Auden came with her and helped feed the six older 
children, when they were not at Hershberger's or at 

There was no place for Miss St. Auden to 
sleep, so she slept on top of the kitchen table which 
was near the window, so that she could see "the 
beautiful stars." One bright moonlight night the tom 
cat jumped up in the window outside. It frightened 
her so badly that she screamed waking the entire 

On the night of Yvonne's birth we had a most 
terrific electric storm. The lightening struck so close 
to the house and the thunder was deafening. A large 
fireball whirled over the top of the stove, then seemed 
to disappear out of the door. A quarter of a mile of 
fence posts were shattered, just behind the house. The 
rain came down in torrents. 

As soon as the children brought the cows 
from the pasture and milked them and did the other 
chores Mr. O'Brien walked with the five older 

children to Hershberger's where they stayed for five 

The early years on Birch Creek were very 
lean years and many hardships. I fished to keep the 
family eating. There seldom was any other meat. In 
later years in the fall of the year, Theodore would take 
the team and wagon to Idaho Falls arnl bring back 
vegetables and apples to last through the long, cold 
winters. We hauled wood from the mountains, about 
seven to ten miles north-east of us for heating and 
cooking. When Theodore was home, he and 1 sawed 
the wood with a two man saw, otherwise 1 sawed the 
wood with the one man saw, then split it with the axe, 
and later with wedges and large hammer. Alter the 
children were large enough, they took over the wood 
hauling and cutting. They couldn't drag out or load 
logs on the wagon, but they took team and Hcxiver 
wagon with hayrack and hauled dry limbs for summer 

In those years we often put up 100 ior\s of 
wild hay on the place for feeding our cattle and team. 
That was done with horse and drav^n mower and rake. 
After the hay was mowed, it was raked into 
windrows, then into shocks, after which we pitched it 
onto the wagon and hay rack. We used kerosene 
lamps for lighting. Water was carried from a spring 
for all house use, washing and bathing. The water tor 
washing or for bathing was heated in a boiler or tub 
on top of the stove and washing was done over the 

1 took in washing for miners and for Mrs. 
Frank Worthing, who lived up in the canyon near 
their mine. Very early in the morning 1 walked five 
miles to the Weimer home, picked up Mrs 
Worthing's washing and got home in time to get the 
children off to school. The next day 1 washed, dried, 
and ironed the pieces that required ironing and the 
following morning returned it to Weimer's. 

1 made wcxil quilLs tor miners, sheep herders 
and many others. 1 made the quilt tops from pant 
pieces and others from scraps of material. The 
children and 1 gathered the wixil ott fences and from 
sheep after the Kinds of sheep trailed 
through or grazed in area. The wih)I s^-as v^a.^bed 
and dried. Many hours were spent picking the sticks 
and bugs out of the wtxil. then 1 cjrded it on hand 
w(H)I cards and laid tin- bals carefully on .owon 
material or outing flannel sheets which \*rre su-etched 
tightly on quilting frames. 

The quilt ti>p was then kept taut by ill f»xir 
corners ab«>ve the bats and uhen even uith the Mde,s 


and ends of the lower sheet it was gently lowered onto 
the bats, secured by safety pins or sewed on to the 
lower part. The frames were put on the backs of 
chairs or suspended by wires fastened to the ceiling or 
the room. It took me several days to quilt a quilt, if 
I did it alone, but two days if I tied it. The girls 
learned early to quilt and to tie quilts. I got ten 
dollars a quilt for tiiem. 

In the winter the snow drifts got so high that 
horses could walk over the hay yard fence. On one 
such occasion I attempted to scare the horses away. 
They went only a short distance when a stallion 
whirled and came after me. I ran and literally shot 
between the bars of the hay yard fence as the horses 
teeth snapped shut behind me. I was never more 

July 10, 1921, Effie, Yvonne and I went with 
Mr. and Mrs. Hutton on the mail route to Winsper by 
team and buggy and stayed overnight with them. The 
next day we went on the mail route to Dubois and the 
following day by train to Idaho Falls where my 
brother- in-law, "Will" Walker, met us and took us to 
their home to wait the arrival of my ninth child. 

Edith lola was born on August 7, 1921 at my 
sister, Marcia Walker's home. I was taken care of by 
Mrs. Rosanna Denning. Theodore came to Idaho 
Falls about the time of Edith's birth, but soon went 
home to take care of the children, cattle and the post 

On the seventh day after Edith was bom 
Theodore's brother "Jim", took me to Idaho Falls to 
get my train ticket back to Dubois to go home on the 
mail route. When I arrived home Walter and Lx)uie 
Davis were there helping Theodore. Louie was 
cooking for her family of five and my five. It was a 
relief to me how well things were going and all my 
anxieties were dispelled. 

We hauled logs from the forest, about seven 
to ten miles from home. As Theodore could be home 
he hewed two sides, opposite to each other, on each 
log. When he finished the hewed sides were as 
smooth as a table top. By 1921 he had enough hewed 
logs that we began laying them for one large room, 24 
X 28' with an upstairs. A neighbor, James Dyer, 
helped lay the upper logs. Theodore hauled the 
flooring, windows, doors and shingles and matched 
lumber lining from Salmon by team and wagon. 
Years later we bought the McDonald house 24 x 32' 
and added it on for a kitchen, an additional bedroom 
and pantry. 

Barzee Home 

In the fall of 1921 all of the neighbors 
surprised us for a house warming. The organ was 
moved into the new house and with Theodore playing 
the banjo, Effie playing the organ, Jason Nichols 
playing the violin and Mr. O'Brien playing his 
harmonica and "Bill" Clark playing his violin, the 
group had music to dance to until daylight. Everyone 
brought midnight lunch. 

There were too many things yet to be done 
for us to move into the new house then. Partitions for 
the bedrooms, the stairway and ceilings had to be put 
in and curtains had to be made. We moved as soon 
as the weather was warm in the spring of 1922. 

July 7, 1922 Effie married Ralph Chandler 
and was home very little thereafter. Two years later 
they lost their second baby August 10, 1924. Ralph 
and Earl Harkness of Dell, Montana came over the 
mountain after Marcia to go back to help Effie. 
Marcia and Earl were married on March 4, 1925. 

In the fall of 1925 Georgeanna and Reuben 
stayed with my parents in Ammon in order to go to 
high school, until in March, when my parents moved 
out of that area. In April 1926 mother died as a result 
of a strangulated hernia. That left my father alone. 
During the summer, sister, Marcia, and brother, 
Webster, and their families came out for a visit. 
Georgeanna was sent back to keep house for father. 
She worked away from home after she was not needed 
at father's until she went into nurses training. 

Irene married Guy Harkness of Dell, 
Montana on November 20, 1929 and was not home 

In March 1932 Reuben developed septicemia, 
as a result of a blistered heel. He died March 28, 
1932. That was a terrible blow to us as he was 
manager of our sheep and cattle. That left the entire 
responsibility to nineteen year old George. 

Within the year Effie died December 6, 1932, 


leaving three small children and a three day old baby 
for us to take care of. Georgeanna had finished her 
nurses training and came home to help us for the rest 
of the winter. We had Ralph's children for several 
years until he had a home to take the three older ones 
to. We raised the youngest, Melba Jean, so I still 
have raised nine children. 

Georgeanna married Bruce Mitchell of Mud 
Lake, Idaho May 28, 1936. 

George married Vera Lake of Roberts, Idaho 
May 23, 1938. They lived in part of our house for 
awhile, then moved to Louisiana on a tung oil deal 
with Theodore's brother, Clark. They lived there for 
a while and moved back to Idaho. 

Theodore gave the Highway Department a 
right-of-way to build a military highway through our 
place on the west side. The new highway was built 
through from Sage Junction to Salmon in 1939 and 

Yvonne was married to Jason Palmer 
September 2, 1942. 

Edith was married to Frank Price of 
Terreton, Idaho September 28, 1942. That left only 
the granddaughter, Jean to help us. She married 
Kennie Worrel of Chester, Idaho September 22, 1951. 
That left Theodore and me alone. 

Over the years we built up a band of sheep of 
over 1000 head, beginning with raising up lambs given 
to the children when sheep were trailing through in the 
spring time, and when baby lambs were left behind 
because they could not keep up with the band. The 
boys were given permission to get any lambs or sheep 
left on the bed grounds, or left behind as the bands 
moved one. 

In 1947 Theodore sold 420 acres of the place 
to Irene's husband, Guy Harkness. They lived there 
for about three years, then sold to McFarlands of 
Leadore, Idaho and left. 

The next four years Theodore became 
increasingly difficult to take care of suffering several 
light strokes. We continued living at the ranch until 
July 1954, when he fell and fractured his right hip. 
When he left the hospital we came back to the ranch 
for about a month, then back to Roberts as a 
temporary solution intending to go back to the ranch 
later. As it turned out, we never went back to live 
there again, although we often went back for a few 
hours of relaxation and memories. 

Our first year in Roberts we lived with 
Marcia, then I made a down payment on a two acre 
piece of ground in Roberts and with the help ot 

Marcia, Yvonne, George and Theodores brother, 
Levi, and sons, built a two room home. For the first 
time in my life I had an indoor bathroom, hot and cold 
water from a tap and a telephone. A fatal stroke 
caused the death of Theodore on January 29, 1959. 

I have done a lot of gardening, canning and 
sewing. I have made beautiful, prize winning quilt 
tops for each member of the family, each grandchild 
and some great grand children. 

On March 11, 1974 Georgeanna came from 
Mud Lake to take me to get groceries. Wlien we got 
back my home was on fire. I had filled the stove uith 
newspapers and set it on fire. When she came we 
closed the stove drafts off and left. It had exploded 
blowing a plate off the flume, which started a fire 
between the walls of the front room and kitchen. 1 
stayed with Georgeanna and Bruce until my home u-as 

On June 6, 1976 the new Teton dam broke 
sending a wall of water 20 feet deep down the Snake 
River Valley. All people within its path lost heavily 
as a result of it. The water was more than four feet 
deep in my house. The Federal government paid for 
materials for the repair of my house and for 
replacement of my freezer, refrigerator and hot u-ater 
heater, but no one could replace preciou.s pictures and 
other valuables that I lost in that flixxJ. Again, 1 
stayed with Georgeanna and Bruce while he repaired 
my house. Marcia, Georgeanna. or stimetime,s 
Yvonne, when she was off work, have stayed uith me 
since them. 

I am now nearly ninety-six years of age and 
nearing the end of my life; 1 am feeble and dependent 
on others, but 1 still enjoy my family around me and 
love to reminisce about old times. (Mar> pa.s.sed a\^-ay 
August 14, 1981, and is buried on Birch Creek in the 
family cemetery. Bruce Mitchell died in \^\. 
Georgeanna Mitchell 1 1/24/92. Georiie Bar/ee 3/2/'93) 
coMPii.i: I) BY (;k()K(;f.anna bar/kk mitcikll 


Rt)bert B;isler came \o ki.thi> from Ijuh. 
Washingtcui in 1^)16, humesteading on the Medicine 

Lodge flats. 

He was a member (if rs^-o DuN^is l.*xJtrr.s. ihr 
Beaver Creek I CVCVl 1 iKlge and a ch.»rier member 
of the Poiasetui Kehekah Uxlge. )omm^ m Apnl 
19 10 He was an (\iJ Fellow tor 33 ycjrs. 


Robert was bom in the year of 1868 in 
Oxford, Nebraska. He had two sisters: Mrs. Miller 
of Missoula, Montana and Mrs. Pannabaker of 
Wallace, Idaho. 

He died in January, 1941 and was buried at 
the Dubois Cemetery. 



My first home was the family homestead about 
a mile north of Spencer, on Beaver Creek. My father 
later sold this property to Peter Lawson, who operated 
a saloon at Spencer. 

I was bom, the son of Jacob and Mary Bauer. 
I was number 6 of a family of eight children, four 
boys and four girls. A brother, number 7 in the 
chain, is buried in Spencer. 

I do have many recollections of Clark County, 
dating back to the time they divided Fremont County 
to form the county of Clark. 

The last time I stopped in Dubois I talked with 
one of the Leonardson's, I think it was Carl, who at 
that time operated a market in Dubois, and was a 
brother to Roy Leonardson, who was Ada County 
Assessor for many years. I also talked to someone in 
Dubois who had something to do with cemeteries, that 
told me they were forming a Historical Society but, 
unfortunately, I have never been back to attend a 



My mother, Mary EUzabeth Price Beagles 
(usually known as Bessie P. or B.P. Beagles, was a 
native of Missouri, bora July 11, 1874, in Monroe 
City and later lived in Laddonia, Audrain County, 
Missouri, with her parents, David Marion Price and 
Cynthia Ann Selby Price. Laddonia is a small 
community a short distance north of St. Louis. She 
attended schools in Laddonia college at Warrensburg 
and later graduated from the State Teachers College at 

She taught school in a number of places in 


Missouri in the area near her home. She also gave 
piano lessons. She received her musical training from 
both of her parents, and during her college schooling. 
She taught music all her life, privately and as part of 
her teaching. 

After teaching at a small mral grade school in 
Beagles District near Laddonia, she married Noah 
David Beagles, a carpenter by trade, on July 11, 
1893. While living in Missouri, they had two sons, 
Leland Ward and John C. In 1900 she came west 
with her husband and two young sons moving to 
Montana for a few years, where Marion Rowe Savage 
of Hamer, Idaho was bora. She moved on west to 
Prosser, Benton County, Washington, where Marjorie 
Allyn was bora. May 12, 1904. Then on to Seattle, 
Washington where Floy Cynthia was bora (Mrs. 
Richard H Nelson of Bellevue, Washington). The 
family lived in Seattie until 1910. My father passed 
away there from an accident, falling from a 
scaffolding while working on a building. The family 
then returaed to Missouri where they lived with her 
parents. Bessie resumed her school teaching and 
music lessons to provide for the family. 

Flov C. Moriorie A.. & Marion R. 


They moved to Springfield, Missouri, in 1912, 
where Bessie gave music lessons and French and 
German languages lessons. Her son John worked for 
the Frisco Railroad. Ward had remained in Laddonia 
with his grandparents. While in Springfield, she 
composed the words and music to "When it's 
Springtime in my Heart" and she sent it to a publisher 
who turned it down. Later, it came out as "When it's 
Springtime In The Rockies," published under another 

In the spring of 1915, Mrs. Beagles and her 
three daughters moved to Idaho where she had 
accepted a summer school contract at New a small 
district in the Sand Creek area northwest of St. 
Anthony. Some of the families in the area were 
McQuistons, McWharters, Cranes, Winters, and 
Durneys. As usual, she would supplement the family 
income by giving piano lessons, travelling around in 
the area in a one-horse buggy. That winter, she 
rented the old Seamons ranch on the Snake River, a 
district west of Ashton called Ora. She taught music 
lessons all through the area within a distance of 10 to 
15 miles. One family in particular were the 
Blanchards of Chester. 

In the spring of 1917 she filed on a homestead 
in what was to become Clark County, a few miles 
northwest of the Jacoby ranch on Camas Creek. She 
had also accepted a contract, as the first teacher, to 
teach at the Jacoby school where she taught for several 
years, while farming the homestead with the help of 
her five children. Their first home, was a dugout 
into a hillside on their property. Patent dates on her 
homestead were recorded as of January 21, 1920 for 
Bessie P. Beagles. It is assumed she sold this 
property. She attended summer school at Idaho 
Technical Institute. During the next few years she also 
taught school at the Allen District, a small settlement 
of homesteaders about eight miles southeast of Dubois. 
She taught school also at Winsper and Warm Creek 
during very bad winters. Sullivans, Ellis', Lingos 
were some of the families there. 

For Entertainment while teaching at Jacoby, 
the area families would have dances on Friday nights 
at the log schcK)l house, having potluck around 
midnight and sometimes dancing and singing until tlic 
early morning hours. Bessie would play the old pump 
organ and accompany Ralph Tanner who played the 
violin. He also was a homesteader in the area south of 
Camas Creek. 

From Clark County, .she taught one term west 
of Arimo, Idaho, then returned to where she taught 

school and piano lessons until she retired in the early 
1940's, a period of over thirty years teaching. She 
moved to Seattle where she made her home with her 
daughter Floy. She kept up her love for music and 
became an accomplished pipe organist, besides 
learning several foreign languages. My mother \\-as 
almost completely deaf from the age of t\sent\'. 

She was a member of the Christian Church 
and also the Daughters of the American Revolution. 

Bessie passed away at the age of 87 in a 
Rexburg, Idaho rest home July 10, 1%2. Internment 
was in the Rose Hill Cemeter>- in Idaho Falls. 



Beauretiard Home 

Spencer, Idaho was the first home of 
newly weds, Joseph and Amy Mix^re Beauregard, 
married July 23, 1919. in Idaho Falls 

Joseph was Kirn December l.S. 1884 in 
Bingham Canyon, llUih. He grew up on his parents 
ranch near Grays Lake, Idaho. He gradu.ited from 
high schcK)! in 1903. then graduated from Pivatello 
Teachers College with average score of ^K) m l*X)6. 
He completed a correspondence course m .Stenograph) 
troni Intercontinental University, Washington. H C. 
His first oiTwc work was with the \\\»«k1 Uve Stivk 


Joseph was the telephone operator, mailman. 
commi.s.sary man and all arouoil heljXT tor WimxJ U\t 
Stock Ciimpany. headquartered at the town of 


A daughter, Elizabeth Josephine, was born 
September 6, 1920, at St. Anthony, Idaho. 

Joseph went to Louisiana to study law in 
1924, but became so homesick for his family, he gave 
up his dream and came back and continued to work at 
the WLSC. 

"Joe" was a very quiet man, who read a great 
deal, particularly about law. He was a Mason. He 
liked to fish and took Beth with him. When the tennis 
court in Spencer was built he liked to play tennis. He 
participated in the plays the Spencer theatrical buffs 
put on. He played the part of a mad Russian in one, 
when Beth was about 4 years old. She remembers 
being frightened, and cried watching the strange way 
her father acted. "Joe" knew a good bit about the 
constellations in the sky and taught Beth to recognize 
Orion's Belt. He taught her to enjoy, and not fear, 
thunder storms, but warned her how to protect herself. 
On "Joe's" vacation he liked to take his family to see 
his many brothers and sisters and mother, who lived 
fi-om Grays Lake to Nampa, which was a big trip in 
those days. The family often went to Lidy Hot 
Springs near Dubois for a picnic and swim on 

Anne Close. Amy & Beth Beauregard 

Amy M. Moore Beauregard was bom 
September 15, 1895, in Brigham City, Utah. Her 
parents were William and Eliza Ann Moore. She 
moved with her family by covered wagon to St. 
Anthony, Idaho in 1896. Here she attended school, 
graduating from high school in 1916. Her first job 
was with an insurance company as secretary in St. 

"We had some wonderful times in Spencer," 
said Amy. There was skating on the little stream, 
dancing at the school house, sleigh riding, 
tobogganing on the beautiftil, steep hills. I was very 
careful when a crowd would climb the biggest hill. I 
became a member of the Eastern Star in Dubois, 
serving as Worthy Matron twice. I like to horseback 

ride. At Christmas time I worked with the other 
women sewing the green and red net stockings for the 
Christmas program at school. The net stockings were 
filled with fruit and nuts. It was fun making the Tu- 
tu's for Beth for Marcia Wood's yearly dancing 

I enjoyed Reverend Peacock and his services 
at the Spencer school house. He had beautiful white 
hair. He was a visiting Reverend, and liked everyone. 

The Spencer Hotel and Store was owned by 
Em Finlyson, who later moved to Idaho Falls to 
operate another hotel. 

Mrs. Lawson and Pete Lawson owned the 
pool hall. There was a post office next to the store. 
The front of the buildings were neatly covered with 
lava rock. A family, by the name of Balka, took 

care of the railroad station. Their children, Fem and 
Miriam, played with our daughter, "Beth", and Anne 
(Close) Leonardson. 

Spencer had some very good school teachers. 
Among these we knew best was Violet Cole, who 
taught shorthand and typing in high school. She was 
from Roseburg, Oregon. She died there December 
30, 1980. 

The many friends in Spencer I remember are 
the Hagenbarth's and Woods (Marcia taught dancing 
to our daughter, and other children in Spencer; she 
was well liked by all of her students), the Hardy 
family, Lawsons, teachers Violet Cole and Aagot A. 
Moe, the Dunns, Ern Finlyson family, "Fred" Woodie 
family, the Stoddards, the Lyons, "Bill" Sellers and 
family, the Close family, to name a few. 

In 1932, due to the depression and financial 
problems of the Wood Live Stock Company, "Joe" 
lost his job and our family moved to Nampa, near 
other family members, and lived on a lovely farm near 

"Joe" died in June, 1933. 

After my husbands death, Beth and I lived 
with my mother for two years and worked at St. 

May Lawson of Spencer asked me to consider 
working at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station. I took 
the job as cook at the USSES when it was available in 
1934. I worked here for four and a half years. 

I came to see Beth in Washington, D.C., in 
1942 and got a job as a card punch operator in the 
Manpower Commission. After the WW I became the 
secretary to the U.S. Employment Service, 
representative for the District of Columbia. I worked 


for the Government in D.C. for 19 years, retiring in 

Not too long after moving to Adelphi, Dr. 
Clair Terrill and wife, Zola, looked me up. Dr. 
Terrill worked at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station 
in Dubois, as well as in Beltsville, Maryland, for the 
U.S. Department of Agriculture, which is near 
Adelphi. We have kept in touch over the years and I 
was happy to be invited to his retirement party in June 
of 1981. 

Two days a week I attend a Senior Fellowship 
group which I enjoy. I took a writing class at the 
University of Maryland the summer of 1981. My 
daughter worked in the Art Department at Maryland 
for 15 years, retiring in August, 1980. My son-in-law 
retired as Business Manager of the School for 
Advanced International Affairs in Washington. It is a 
branch of the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. 
Beth received her degree in art at Maryland University 
in December 1981. 

I have a granddaughter, Michele, who lives in 
Madison, Wisconsin, born in 1951. My grandson, 
Curtis, was born in 1953 and lives near us and works 
at the University of Maryland, Administrative Data 
Systems Department with computers. 

In my later years, I have been living with my 
daughter, Beth and her husband, Tom. 

Amy maintained her membership with the 
Dubois Chapter of the Order of Eastern Star until her 
death, in June 1983, at Brandenton, Florida. She was 
88 years of age. 





Herbert G. Baker 
First child born in Dubois in early 1890s 


Mildred Allen was an early resident of 
Kilgore, where she was bom Januarv- 4, 1904 the 
daughter of George and Caroline Anderson Allen. 
The Allen family eventually moved to Spencer, where 
Mildred attended grade school. Her father operated 
the mercantile store at Spencer for many years. The 
next family move was to the town of Dubois in 1920. 
Here she continued her education, acquiring her high 
school studies in the new Dubois two story brick 

She became the wife of L. Ward Beagles, 
March 22, 1924, at Dubois, Idaho. In 1936 they 
moved to Idaho Falls. Ward was employed there a.s 
a railroad man. 

Ward passed away in 1973. while .Mildred 
passed away in January of 1975 at a local hospital 
following a month's illness. She was 71 at the time of 
her death. 

■lohn Beanies 

Their children included: a s^m. ]ohn .\ 
Beagles, San Diego, California; and a diughter. Mrs. 
John (Wilma) BUxKlworth. Portland, Oregon A.s of 
1971 they had fimr grandchildren. Mildred rvsxi 
sisters, Bessie Allen, who made her home in Idaho 
Falls, and Mrs. Lucille Oakley lived m C\x'ur 


Mildred was an autu ot Jo> IrederiLscn. a 
former Spencer and Kilgcire resident. 

OTTO .\Nn W IV HIOKi lU ( K 


I was born October 1, 1905 at Egin Bench, 
Idaho, the oldest daughter of Charles Alma Hjort and 
Nora Fulcher Mooso. My brothers names are: Charles 
William; Arthur Morgan; Matena Eade, my only 
sister, who passed away March 20, 1912; Dan. L; and 
Spencer Mooso. My parents moved from Egin to Old 
Beaver four miles north of Spencer, May 1909, where 
my father took up ranching. 

When I was eight years old my parents sent 
me to Egin to school. I stayed with my grandmother 
Hjort. During the summer months I stayed with the 
folks at Old Beaver. The next year I went back to 
school at Egin and stayed with my Aunt Victoria 
Waldomar, my father's sister. Aunt Victoria's family 
liked hot cakes, so we took hot cakes for dinner; when 
we got home from school, hot cakes were served 
again. At supper we had potatoes and gravy. We 
lived one mile from the school house and had to walk 
both ways. 

The following winter I went with my two 
older brothers to school at Humphrey, Idaho about 
nine miles north of Old Beaver. We stayed with Otto 
Robins at Humphrey during the year 1917 when the 
first World War was on. I still remember eating 
brand bread. The next winter we went to school at 
Spencer, Idaho. This time my mother stayed with us. 
I remember a boy named, Harry Dunn, who used to 
tease me; my mother told me if I didn't lick him, she 
would lick me. I threw him in the snow and gave him 
a good mauling. The next year we walked from Old 
Beaver to Spencer to school. One day on my way 
home from school, (I was alone that day) three timber 
wolves kept following me; being frightened I climbed 
one of the signals along the track. Soon a helper 
engine came along and chased them off. 

There was much work at home~we milked 
fourteen head of cows night and morning. We had to 
get up early in the morning before walking the four 
miles to school. We always were snowed in during 
the winter. The roads were closed so we had to walk 
on the railroad tracks. Our folks stored up our food 
supplies during the fall. During the summer of 

1919, I met a young man named Otto Beck who was 
visiting his brother Arthur at Old Beaver. Arthur was 
the section foreman at Old Beaver. Later Otto came 
to our home more often and we started going together. 
We did not have much time for recreation, neither did 
we do much visiting. There were only about four 
houses in Old Beaver and there were no other children 
around us. There was only a community church at 
Spencer which held Sunday School but none of our 

family attended. The boys did a lot of fishing and 
some hunting. Otto bought me a horse for my 
birthday which we used to hitch to the buggy so we 
wouldn't have to walk. Later Otto bought a horse for 
himself and we went horseback riding a lot. We 
attended the picture show at Spencer almost every 
week. Then we used both horses on the buggy. While 
Otto was still at Humphrey, he rode a motor cycle 
with a side car. This gave us a better chance to go 
further. Sometimes we went to church at Dubois. 

In the fall of 1920 Arthur Beck bid out of Old 
Beaver, this gave Otto a chance to move to Old 
Beaver. After he was assigned to the section, he came 
to board with us for awhile. We continued to have our 
fun horseback riding during the summer months and 
going to the dances at Humphrey. We would use the 
push car on the tracks, as it was down hill to Spencer 
we would stand on the car. Coming home we would 

The next year, October 1, 1921, I was only 
16) Otto and I got married in Idaho Falls by Bishop 
Dinwoody. Our family was not connected with any 
branch or ward of the LDS church. For this reason I 
was imable to get a recommend for the temple at that 
time. On the day we got married, we attended the 
War Bonnet Roundup in Idaho Falls. We spend the 
night at Otto's folks in Shelley. The next day we 
went back to Old Beaver, staying with my folks that 
night. The following day I moved into the section 

During the owning winter we did not get out 
much on account of the severe winter. Otto read to 
me, mostly out of church books while I learned to 
crochet. The following spring we bought our first 
car, a 1918 seven passenger Studebaker. We took 
many short trips during the summer. My folks went 
with us a lot. During the summer of 1922 the 
highway was built between Spencer and Humphrey. 
Up to this time there- was only a cow trail, the road 
was very narrow. 

Our first son, Otto Jr., whom my mother 
named, was bom in Old Beaver, May 19, 1923. In 
July the same year Otto was assigned to the section at 
Lorenzo and shortly after we moved to Lorenzo. We 
became active in the church and enjoyed the ward with 
its people very much. After we had been in Lorenzo 
about a year, we bought our first new car, a 
Chevrolet. In September, Otto and I with our son Jr. 
went to the Logan temple to be sealed. We had a 
wonderful trip. We stayed with Otto's uncle at 
Logan. Returning to Lorenzo, we went back to our 


daily responsibilities. Our second son, Ralph, was 
born in March 1925. 

In August 1926, Otto was called on a mission 
to Germany. I went with him to Salt Lake City and 
stayed with my Aunt Grace at Sandy, Utah while Otto 
was in the mission home. My mother also 
accompanied us to Utah. I was pregnant at the time 
but later lost the baby, four and a half months along. 
Motiier and I with Junior and Ralph came back to Old 
Beaver after Otto had left for his nussion. I stayed 
with my folks for awhile. Later witii the boys I stayed 
witii Otto's folks in Shelley a short time. Then we 
stayed with James Stagner and his family. All the 
time Otto was away I lived with relations or friends. 
Sometimes I worked out trying to make the best of it 
until Otto would return. After the two years had 
passed, again with my two sons, I went to my Aunt 
Grace's for Otto's return. 

Otto Jr., or "Sonny", as he was usually called, 
did not take to his father right away; Ralph was 
different, he would go to anybody. We came to 
Shelley for a littie while then moved back to Lorenzo 
staying with Irving Beazer and his family. The 

next year Ila Jean was bom, die 16th of September 
1929. Otto had started again on the railroad working 
as a relief foreman. A year later we moved to 
Grayling, Montana. Our closest neighbor was one 
mile away. Our second daughter, Florence was born 
January 10, 1931. The night she was born we were 
all so excited as I did not expect her yet. I had all 
arrangements made to come to the LDS hospital at 
Idaho Falls. We only stayed about eight months at 
Grayling, Montana. On account of the depression 
many sections were abolished so we came back to 
Lorenzo. Times seemed to get worse moving from 
place to place to hold a job. We came to Roberts in 
1932. In 1933, Gerald was born. After two years at 
Roberts, we moved to Hamer. 

Finally Otto's folks asked us to come to 
Shelley and farm. Otto left the first of March and I 
waited till school was out. We had been living in 
Hamer the past two years. It was 1936 and Francis, 
who was born 2 September 1935, was only a few 
months old when we left Hamer. 

It was a trying time during the depression to 
raise a family and get a new start in life, but we never 
went hungry and enjoyed good health. The girls t(H)k 
an active part in Primary. Time went on, Beverly 
came along, she was bi)rn March 23, 1939. I helped 
with the chores, did a lot in the field. 

My last child, Lynn, was born 5 May 1945 

We hved on a farm 2 miles north of Shelley, Idaho 
where we helped my husband's parents. When they 
passed away, we purchased their farm. We continued 
to live there until 1945. After selling the farm we 
built a new home in Shelley, Idaho. By this time all 
of my children had married or left except Lynn, 
Beverly and Francis. 

February 6, 1965, Lynn, our youngest child 
was married which left my husband and me in our 
home at Shelley alone. 

I've always tried to be a good neighbor. Since 
being in Shelley, I've had plenty of opportunities to 
help them. I have a testimony of the gospel and know 
it is true. Part of my blessings has been seeing my 
children rearing their children and seeing them 
growing up in the gospel. 

I have enjoyed my positions in the church--! 
have been a Relief Society Visiting Teacher for 25 
years, I also was the Relief Society Magazine 
Representative for four years. 



Vicki & Wade 

My first home was on Lower Medicine 
Uxlge, where my parents, R«\ss an*.l Ruinio StivldarJ 
were engaged in ranching at my grandparents. Stacy 
and Helen liond. 

1 was born July 20. l^Sd at Rexburj:. Idaho, 
at the Madison Memorial Ho.spiul the second child of 
our family, and the first granddauizhter on Kuh .sides 
of my grandparents 

When 1 was aKnit 2 1 '2 >oars old. our t.imilv 


moved to the lower Bond ranch, known as the Cedar 
Butte area or Sinks of Medicine Lxxlge, where they 
were developing more farming ground and re- 
establishing the ranch headquarters. Not long after we 
moved there I was in the house taking my afternoon 
nap. When I woke up I went looking for my folks 
who were just outside. About the time I made it the 
outside door they saw me and also a rattlesnake 
crawling by the door I was trying to come out. That 
caused quite a bit of excitement. When we first 
moved down there, it wasn't unusual to find snakes 

One of my first playmates was Toni Titus, 
whose dad, Marvin also worked at the lower Bond 
ranch. Grandpa Bond always said we were like two 
peas in a pod, both being the same height. Anytime 
we were in the shop he would measured us with the 
spirit level. 

Mom cooked for hired men Uving with us, 
which included Max Hoggan and Bennie Williams. 
When they did not show up for a meal, whether they 
were late or maybe gone for a weekend rodeo, I 
worried about them and always made sure they had a 
place at the table. They were some of my favorite 
people, and were always making a fuss over me. 

Mom was a Medicine Lodge 4-H sewing 
leader, so I decided I could learn to sew with the "big 
girls" she was teaching. Prior to one of her meetings, 
I proceeded to practice sewing, while she was cooking 
dinner for the hay crew. The sewing machine needle 
accidently went through my finger and finger nail, 
pinning me to the sewing machine. Dad finally 
managed to get me out of that predicament, which 
didn't seem to cease my sewing enthusiasm. 

The Birch Creek school bus route included the 
lower ranch stop as its last stop of its run. When it 
came time for me to go to school, I was quite excited 
to meet the bus with my brother, David. It was about 
an eight mile ride into Dubois one way. Mrs. Lindy 
Ross was my first grade teacher at the big school in 
Dubois, which is now the Jr/Sr high school, and 
where I attended all my elementary and high school 

After moving into Dubois in 1963, after the 
ranch was sold, my second grade teacher was Miss 
Natalie Knudsen. Not long after leaving Dubois she 
was killed in a automobile accident near Couer d' 
Alene, Idaho. 

I remember becoming 9 years old, and finally 
being able to join a 4-H club. Mrs. Leola Harmon 
was a fun first year cooking teacher. Our club won 

all blues with our banana bread at the Clark County 
fair, and Blackfoot state fair. 

I joined Joann Tavenner's 4-H Horse Club 
when I was quite young. I was proud of "Old Tex", 
he was a horse I had to learn to respect, but he did a 
good job for me, helping me to win a special trophy. 

My 4-H classes also included sewing, with 
Barbara Wilson at the Sheep Station as my first 
teacher, then my mother taught for several years. It 
was exciting to receive the outstanding sewing exhibit 
award at the county fair several years in a row as a 
reward for my efforts. I entered the 4-H Modeling in 
Dubois and also at the State Fair. My sewing took me 
on to enter the Make-It- With- Wool contest in Idaho 
Falls which included contestants from nine counties. 
My first year, I won the Sub Deb Division, the second 
and third year in the Junior Division, I placed third. 
At that time there was a lot of interest, with lots of 

I always enjoyed animals, especially horses. 
I learned to ride one simuner at Zweifel's Cow Camp 
with my Dad, located east of Humphrey. I was 
impressed with dad's cow camp food, but the 
experience of a squirrel trying to climb up my horses 
leg, which about got me bucked off was not too 

One of my pets was "Spooks", my pet coyote, 
I raised on a bottle and had in town for several years. 

I was very fortunate, as a youngster, to have 
the opportunity to travel a lot with my maternal 
grandparents during the summer months. They 
belonged to the Wally Byam Air Stream club. As a 
result I traveled to Alaska, most of the Canadian 
Provinces, and some 34 states from the west to the 
east coast. My first trip by airplane was flying to 
Arizona for Easter with my Grandparents from Idaho 
Falls alone at age five. 

I studied piano under some very good 
musicians, Janet Black of Hamer, and then Verla 
Webster of Dubois. Each spring we had our annual 
piano recitals in Dubois. 

Mother and Marilyn Laird decided Gwen and 
I should be taking dancing lessons. Since there were 
no teachers around, they took turns driving us to 
Idaho Falls each week for lessons under Betty 
Anderson. During our first recital at the Idaho Falls 
Civic Auditorium, we had a bomb scare in the middle 
of our recital. Later we had several excellent dancing 
teachers come to Dubois, the last one I had was Patty 
Mickelsen Gasser of Hamer. 

I became interested in rodeo queen contests. 


the first one was at the age of nine to become the 
Clark County Jr. Queen. Later I was Sr. Queen for 
the Clark County Roundup Rodeo. Other Rodeo 
Queen contests I entered were the Mud Lake rodeo, 
and at the Idaho Falls 4th of July contest. I became 
eligible to be one of the flag carries in the rodeo as 
well as their parade in Idaho Falls. Eight of us 
entered the arena by coming out of the chute gates to 
begin the grand entry. My most embarrassing contest, 
I'll will never forget, was the Mud Lake Contest, 
when I ripped out the back of my nice western pants 
during the contest. The judges were Dennis and Mary 
Zollinger of Rexburg. When we had to change horses 
Karen Pate borrowed me her hat to use while I 
mounted her horse. The catastrophe probably won me 
the contest, because I really sat well in the saddle 
during the rest of the contest. At the local Clark 
County Roundup Rodeo several of us local girls 
usually were flag carriers each year at the rodeo. 
Some of these riders were: Robin Robinette, Willa 
Thomas, Tonna Wynn, Kerri Burns, RaNae Sanders, 
to name a few. Prior to this, the flags were carried 
by Mom, Jean Hoggan, Kate Palmer, Karen 
Doschades and others. 

In high school I was a member of the Clark 
County high school rodeo club. My first year I placed 
first in barrel racing, the third year placed third in 
goat tying, both qualifying me to participate in the 
state contest at Filer. Robin Robinett and I enjoyed 
her mother's, Pauline Robinette, sour dough hot 
cakes. She always fed quite a crowd all week at the 
rodeo. Our club held many fund raising projects- 
several dances at Medicine Lodge, a number of 
raffles, cake auctions for club expenses and 
advertising. I raised goats to practice goat tying. Neil 
and Karen Arave invited us to come to their arena in 
Idaho Falls to join the Idaho Falls club to practice goat 
tying. Mother drove several us girls down, with the 
goats riding in the trunk of our car. In Jr and Sr high 
school, I was involved with many activities including, 
cheer leading, band, chorus, held several offices, drill 
team, Basketball Queen Attendant, and sports. We 
had some excellent high schcx)! band and chorus 
teachers, including Melvin Hansen and Robert 
Spiecher, who helped our school win top ratings in 
competitions. I was in chorus and played in the 
procussian group in band. 

I later rodeoed with the Golden Valley Girls 
Rcxleo Association. My first year was in Novice, 
where I placed runner-up in the finals at Jerome. 

My college years began at Riverton, Wyoming 

at Central Wyoming College, where I received a 
Rodeo Scholarship. I studied Computer Programing 
and Physiology for 1 1/2 years. Then I returned to 
Idaho to attend Idaho State University for another 
year. I managed to stay on the Deans List at both 

On November 5, 1977 I married Wade 
Beckman of Idaho Falls. We were married at the 
Reception Center at Idaho Falls, followed by a 
wedding dance reception at the Medicine Lodge 
School gym. The old school has since been 

Wade is the son of Kent and Jeannine 
Beckman of New Sweden. He was bom June 18. 
1957 at Idaho Falls. 

An older brother, Kenny Beckman worked for 
a time, while still in high school, at the Double-D 
Ranch with Neil Kirkpatrick and Steve Phillips at 
Birch Creek. 

Wade's family spent considerable time up 
Medicine Lodge Canyon at Weber Creek, where 
relatives, the Forest Woods, operated their ranch. 
Woods have since sold out and now live near Shelley. 

He attended school at New Sweden, Central 
Jr. High, and graduated from Sk7line High Sch(xil. 

We have two children: Devori W born. March 
23, 1980 and Sedar Milo born December 20. 1984. 
both at the old Riverview Hospital in Idaho Falls. 
This hospital has since been torn down. They are mm 
attending school at Roberts. 

Our present home is in the Osginxl area, 
where Wade is manager of the Broken Arrow 
Limousin ranch operation of Kent Corneli.v>n and Lyie 
Taylor. As a family, we are all involved in the 
raising and showing of the livestock, and travel to 
many in-state, as well as out-of-state sales and sh^m-s 
each year. 

I became interested in cake decorating, thus 
earned a Cake Decorating Certificate in October. 
1985. I have since developed my own business, and 
later learned several new melhtxls including the 
Australian, and the niipino nu'llnKls. M> first big 
order was for a friend. Julie Kirkpatrick. delivering it 
in a blizzard to the Lindy Llenu-nur> Schixil in 
Dubois. Mother maiuged to get me stuck in a drift, 
but fin;illy, we .set it up barely in time \o attend her 
wedding at the liiptist church. All through the 
ceremony 1 was worrying tliat it nus up o\er before 
the guests arrived. It survived! 

I have nian.jged to keep in ti>uch uith CUrk 
County, through my parents, arxl with lV\ori uking 

dancing lessons with Patty Mickelsen Gasser, my 
former teacher, of Hamer. She also has also been 
involved with 4-H and attends 4-H Camp at Alpine. 
Each year the Jefferson and Clark County members 
share the camp together. Our kids think it great to 
stay in Dubois with the grandparents and to have 
Grandpa Stoddard take them fishing at their favorite 
place, Medicine Lxxige, of course. 



I remember dad, Heber Stevens, as always 
being hospitable to every one. Our cousins from 
Montana would come down for the dance at the 
Spencer Lodge, and dad, bless his heart, would insist 
they stay with us. He would have mattresses all over 
the floor for them, then get up early to cook pancakes, 
eggs, bacon, and waffles for everyone, but he loved 
doing this. He was always doing odd jobs for family 
and friends, being a jack of all trades, with a sixth 
grade education. He even tried to take in his 

sister Wanda, and her 2 children when they needed 
help, but the state wouldn't let him as he already had 
too many children himself to care for. It almost broke 
his heart when he had to take them to a childrens 
home in Boise. Dad's family was his life, he had no 
favorites. His pride and joy was the family home he 
built, even with its mistakes. 

He was custodian of the Spencer Cemetery 
and prided himself in its upkeep. Dad always said he 
wanted to be buried at this cemetery, which he is. It 
is also the desire of most of our family to someday be 
buried at Spencer. 

My dad was one in a million. How I would 
of loved to have had a man in my life that measured 
up to him. 

As for my younger days, they were spent 
growing up in Spencer, and I might add were the best 
days of my life. My sister Carlotta and I had a lot of 
fun building play houses all over Spencer. We'd visit 
the dump often and pack things all over to different 
places. Our favorite of all was the rocks on the hill 
above the dump. We made our own fun. We'd hide 
and watch the cattle trail in to the stockyards, where 
they were also weighed on the scales. Our special 
friend was Gaylen Rammell. We, my sister, Carlotta 
and I, had such a crush on him while growing up. 

Mom loved to dance, and I believe she taught 
all the youngsters how to dance also. Some of the 
good dancers included my brother Jay, Gaylen 
Ranmiell and Dick Hart. 

In the summertime we would all get together, 
with all the kids in town and we'd play games in the 
evenings, hide and seek was our favorite. In the 
wintertime we would build tunnels in the snow and 
make houses. We also went sledding and tubing on 
the mountains and hills, clear down to the ice. We 
made our own fun! 

Our biggest thrill was riding the train to Utah 
with dad or mom to see our big brother, "Art", and 
grandpa Robbins. 

We kids helped to pick currants, choke 
cherries and sold them to uncle "Don" and Aunt 
Vinnie at the Spencer Lodge for spending money. 
Boy did we love mom's bread, she'd bake it and we 
ate it. We would eat all the top, bottom and sides, 
and leave the middle or white for poor dad. Mom 
would swear she'd never bake again. But she always 

Daddy always reminded us kids to stay away 
from trains and to never crawl under them. Then, one 
day there was a really long train and Colleen, our 
youngest sister, wanted to go over to the store. The 
train was switching tracks and cars, but she didn't 
want to wait. So, she crawled under them, then got 
scared and couldn't move. I yelled at her to go on 
through. The train was jerking and I had to do 
something, so I crawled under and dragged her out. 
She never crawled under the trains again. 

My brother, Jay and I, were close to our 
cousin "Donnie" Lemons, and did a lot of things 
together, until he moved away, then we kinda of lost 

One time when Colleen was young, she 
wanted her hair cut. It was curly, so I talked her into 
letting me cut it. I knew how, I told her. I remember 
I got a glass bowl and put it on her head and cut. She 
hated it, I'll admit it did look terrible. Boy was mom 
fit to be tied when she saw her. I don't remember 
cutting hair for a long time after that. 

When we went to Idaho Falls, it was only to 
see the dentist or the doctor. Dad would take us to a 
cafe and he let us order anything we wanted; it was 
always a hamburger, but it was such a special treat. 

I have to say, I don't remember any of us 
having any broken bones, just a few cuts and scratches 
and bruises. All in all, I think my dad and mom 
raised some pretty dam good kids, but it wasn't easy. 


I do appreciate and am very greatful for all they did 
for all of us. 

When I was 14 years old, Gayle Hunter 
Boatman came over and asked me to work at the cafe 
as a waitress. Oh, I was excited, now I could earn 
my own money. "Bob" and Gayle were good to me. 
I worked five years there. My first job was at the 
beginning of hunting season, and then we were busy 
when all the sheepherders came in with their sheep in 
the fall. Sometimes it was hard to keep up with the 

I was 14 when I started going to the dances at 
the Spencer Lxxlge. Sheriff Earl Holden, would 
always come to the dances to keep an eye on all the 
kids. He was one of the crowd and fun to have 
around. I grew up on country music and I still love 

One of my favorite older cousins was Reed 
Poole, who lived in Lima, Montana. He died of a 
motorcycle accident. When I got to be a cheerleader 
in high school he had me do my cheers for him, so he 
could take some pictures for me. 

We always had family get-togethers on 
Memorial Weekend. First, I remember gathering at 
aunt Lurinda Carlson place at Humphrey, then 
sometimes we gathered at Stoddards camp ground 
above Spencer. Later we all got together at our house 
in Spencer. 

Some of my fondest memories are of 
Humphrey, Spencer, and Dubois. My good friend 
Doris Jensen, who was older than I, came to Spencer 
to stay when she was in high school. We did some 
wild and crazy things. My two best friends were 
Judy Bauerle and Fay Hoopes. 

After I graduated I met and married Clifford 
Eugene Bed well, while I was working at the 
Boatman's Lodge. I was married 1 1 years and had 
three children, Teena Marie Streisguth, she is 25 years 
old, Corey Shane, now 20 and he married Camille 
Murdock, of Rigby, Idaho, and then Jeremy Gene, 
now 18 years old, who lives in northern Idaho, and is 
married to Susan Hodson. I am a proud grandmother 
of Christopher Allen, 6 1/2 years old and Jenifer 
Marie, 4 1/2 years of age. I divorced Gene in 1973, 
and moved to Idaho Falls. Then I was again married 
in 1976 to Terry E. Howe. We were married almost 
21 years; that was it, another divorce May 11, 1988. 
I still live in Idaho Falls. Since 1966 I have dedicated 
myself to Bible Educational work, helping people to 
learn the Bible. I've never regretted it. 



Backd) Mrs. Luther Phillips 
Front(r) Victoria & \N m 

Families and family ties were important in the 
early days in Dubois. The William T. and Victoria 
D. Beeghly family moved to Dubois in the late 
summer of 1916. They came from Brogen, Oregon 
and stayed with William's sister and her family until 
a house was built for the young family. The Beeghley 
family had four children: Leona, Mahlon. Vera and 

William's sister's family was Mr. and Mrs. 
Luther Phillips and their children were Walter and 
Helen. They had a homestead seven miles mirth of 
Dubois on the road t(i Spencer. They had come to the 
Dubois area from North Dakota in 1914. 

Mr. Beeghly worked for the Oreiion Short 
Line as a watchman and night pumper. The railroad , 
at that time, maintained a with extra 
engines which were added to the freight trains going 
over the "hump" into Montana. He worked in DuKns 
from late 1916 until the time the helper engim-s v,vrc 
moved out of Dubois to Monida, around 1928. Mr, 
Beeghly was then transferred to Idaho Falls arvl he 
rented a riKim for him.selt where he stayed weekdays, 
coming home on weekends. 

Durini: this [vritKl, Mr. ar>d .Mts M.ihlon 
Beeghly, William's parents, made their honw with the 
family. William's nnuher. Catharine B<-ei:hl>. iIS44- 
1920), is buried in tlie Dubois Cemetery, as arc Mr 
and Mrs. l.uther Phillips (186.VI9V) .^ 1867-|^).S8. 
respectively) and their daughter Helen Phillips Jacques 

f 1 

(1897-1961). Three more children were added to 
William and Victoria's family after they moved to 
Dubois. They were Walter C, born July 1, 1920; 
Elrista M., born March 12, 1922; and Floyd Edmund, 
bom May 29, 1925. 

Mahlon was graduated from Dubois High 
School. Leona graduated from Spencer High School, 
as she dropped out of school her senior year at 
Dubois, went to Spencer where she worked for Mr. 
Hugh C. Wood and attended school half-days in order 
to graduate. She then returned to Dubois where she 
worked for the telephone company until July, 1929, 
when the family moved from Dubois to Yakima, 

Walter served in the Army as cook and baker 
and was stationed in Anchorage, Alaska. Edmund 
was in the Navy as a pipefitter in the South Pacific on 
the carrier Independence. Mahlon worked for the 
Northern Pacific Railroad and is now retired and lives 
in Phoenix with his wife and four children. Theodore 
worked for the same railroad and later quit and went 
to work in the lumber industry. He now lives in 
Tacoma, Washington with his wife and children. 
Vera passed away after the family moved to Yakima. 



I am the '88 Animal Science Intern from the 
University of Wisconsin-Madison. 

The Internship program is an excellent way to 
learn hands on experience. I decided one year ago to 
specialize in Sheep Production and decided the U. S. 
Sheep Experiment Station was where I wanted to 

My Internship started May 1, 1988; since then 
I have learned how to bleed sheep, naturally collect 
semen and measure testicles. Lambing started half way 
through March, my job was suckle and graft on the 
2-10 shift in the orphan barn once a week. I learned 
different ways to graft lambs and improved on some 
ideas I learned at home. I also worked quite a bit 
with the veterinarian, Kim Ward, who was hired to 
work at the Station during the 1988 lambing season. 
She taught me how to do joint taps for polyarthritis in 
lambs, how to treat ewes with mastitis, and that once 
in awhile its ok to get faint while assisting in surgery. 

During the week of shearing I helped brand 

sheep after they were shorn. I also learned how to 
grade wool and run a wool sacker. All in all I was 
fascinated by a shearing crew. 

This has been an experience I will never 
forget. I have learned things that will help me in my 
career goals. It was totally different working with 
1,000 sheep at a time instead of 10. I want to say 
thank you to everyone who answered my questions 
and took the time and patience to teach me. I wish 
everyone here at the station all the luck in the world. 

The Internship program pays the students $50 
a week, at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, 
through the University of Idaho. My hometown is 
Mukwonago, Wisconsin. I drove out here by myself, 
1700 miles to a place I had never seen before. 
Arrangements were made by telephone, and with the 
assistance of my college. University of Wisconsin. I 
am 21 years of age, born August 26, 1966. 



The Earl Bell family spent much time in the 
Medicine Lodge area where they enjoyed hunting, and 
fishing while visiting relatives and friends. 

Florence Delia Ellis was born August 15, 
1905 at Dubois, Idaho, the daughter of "Ted" D. and 
Daisy Fayle Ellis, being the oldest of five girls and the 
middle child of a family of nine. Brothers and sisters 
included: Russell, Emrys, Oscar, "Ted", Mary, 
Beda, Edna Jo, and Phyllis. 

She attend school to the seventh grade at 
Dubois in the first little school near the railroad 

Her family were members and supporters of 
the Episcopal church in Dubois, the first conmiunity 
church, now Heritage Hall. A priest traveled ft"om 
Idaho Falls to hold services once a month, while 
Sunday school was held every Sunday at 2:00 p.m. 

The Ellis family lived on the upper Medicine 
Lodge ranch from May until school started in the fall, 
then would move to Dubois to allow the children to 
attend school. 

Her father, "Ted", raised hereford cattle and 
thoroughbred horses. The horses were used for 
riding, as well as sold to the government in World 
War I for use as cavalry mounts. 

Florence and her sisters loved to ride horses. 


of which there were always plenty on the ranch. 

Florence studied piano in Dubois and 
continued to play for her own amusement as she grew 

Her father sold the ranch and purchased 
another in Leadore, where she graduated from high 
school. The Ellis girls were top players on the 
Leadore basketball team. 

She attended one term at Albion Normal 
College in Albion. 

Earl and Florence were school companions in 
Leadore. He was the son of Samuel Leslie Bell and 
Alice Randall Bell. 

Earl and Florence were married by an 
Episcopal priest in Dillon, Montana February 7, 1924. 

They first hved in Leadore. Here Earl 
worked in a grocery store for $65 a month. Their 
only child, Kenneth, was bom on November 27, 1924. 

From Leadore they moved to Bannack, 
Montana in 1931, then in 1956 moved to their farm 
near Rupert, Idaho. Florence enjoyed this life, which 
reminded her of her childhood, raising purebred 
Arabian horses. They purchased a purebred Arabian 
stallion named Pilot from the Remount Service. He 
became the father of Ibn Pilot and the grandfather of 
Sabre Song - the latter which Florence qualified for 
the National Arabian Horse Show in 1971 at Dallas, 
Texas. When Earl passed away in January of 1972 
she quit showing horses, but continued to ride for 



My parents, Harry and Ella Bell moved to the 
Monteview area in 1914. They moved from the 
Palouse area of Washington, as did many of the other 
settlers. They brought all their belongings, cattle, 
horses, equipment and household items into Camas by 
train. They loaded everything on wagons and drove 
to the homestead. 

John Gilliam, a promoter, helped them find 
the corner stones. TTiey pitched a tent and started 
drilling a well, digging it with a slip scraper, finding 
adequate water at 12 feet. Then, they built the house. 

I had one brother, ten years older than 1. He 
filed a homestead on the place next to dads. We tried 
dry farming, along with everyone else. 

Soon after the area was settled, a minister, 
J.B. Kerns, met with the people and told them that if 

they would haul the logs and do the building for a 
church, his home church would buy shingles, windows 
and other things that had to be purchased. After the 
logs were brought in, the neighbors gathered for an 
old fashion log raising. In less than a week the church 
was built on land donated by C. O. Muncey. The 
building not only served as a place of worship, but as 
a school, and community building. They had literary 
programs, chautauquas, dances and box socials. I was 
ten years old when I went to school here, riding a 
horse to school and turning it loose after 1 got there. 
I also drove a dog team to school. It was just 2 miles. 
I remember a Miss Buck, our teacher from Los 
Angeles. Every morning she would tell us how 
wonderful California was, about their orange trees and 
how warm and beautiful it was. 

One of my jobs on the farm was taking care 
of our cows, and the neighbors too. The range v^-as 
wide open, and my job was to get the milk cows in at 
night. We had a bull calf, and 1 found out that nt) 
matter where the cows were, he could find them. I 
put a halter on him and rode him instead of my horse, 
so that made my job a lot easier. As neighNirs 
moved in and started digging wells, that were much 
deeper, I had another job as derrick driver. They 
used the wooden barrel, cut and reinforced with iron, 
to bring the dirt up as they dug the well. It wa.s a 
dangerous job, if you let the bucket dou-n tix) tast, or 
let it drop, you could hurt or kill the man do\ATi in the 

One Fourth of July 1 remember riding m\ 
horse to Dubois for the Celebration. I wa.s riding 
down main street, and decided to swat a big horse fly 
on my horses neck. He promptly bucked and I ended 
up in the gravel, much to my embarrassment 

Dad worked harvesting grain in the fall at 
Drummond to bring in money. my tolLs \^-ent 
back to the area. They loaded their hi>u-"sehold 
things on a wagon, drove there and back, working at 
different jobs, where he could work asing hi.s horses. 
One of the trips coming back to Mi>ntevieu. wr 
worked in the hay up in the Wild Prairie Pad 
also worked horses on building nvids and canals I 
remember in the fall we would go to Menan to bu) 
winter vegetables and apples that could be stored. 
Everyone worked hard to stay in the area, but it 
wasn't a dry farm climate. I always liked llie area and 
hoped to move back here. Otlicrs ilut last out atxJ 
moved away still ulked aK>ut the gixxl umcs they hid 
for many years afterwards. 

Around l^^20 we moved to Ri»bcrts. u-herr 


Dad farmed and run a livery stable. 

July 3, 1924, I married Mabel Poison. We 
bought a farm and ran a dairy until 1948. We had 
two children, "Bill" and Betty. Betty married "Bud" 
Everett Adkins. Bill was killed in a car accident in 
1948 near Roberts. About this time I sold the milk 
cows, and Mable and I moved back to Monteview. 

When we left Monteview Dad mortgaged his 
place to Lee Jeffrey to buy a pump. The crop didn't 
work out, so he lost the place. I was eventually able 
to buy it back from him. I had already bought other 
ground in the area, and still had my brother, Clayton's 
place. We started clearing brush and developing wells 
to put water on the place. We also raised cattle. 

In 1971, Mabel died, and I later married 
Barbara Williams. 

After the Medicine Lxxige school closed, they 
had an auction, and I was able to buy the old school 
bell. It cost a pretty penny, but I enjoy having it in 
my yard. 

I made up my mind I was going to buy back 
all my dad's property that he had homesteaded, and 
during my lifetime I have accomplished this. (Park 
passed away May 26, 1990, and is buried with Mabel 
in the Idaho Falls Rose Hill Cemetery. His dad, 
Harry is buried in Rose Hill, while Ella, his mother, 
is buried in Ingle wood, California.) 


& "Dan" 

"Dan" Benner, of Blackfoot, Idaho, was one 
of the first full time employees at the new U.S. Sheep 
Experiment Station starting employment around 1918. 
"Dan" was employed as a Sheep Manager. In the 
early 1920s Gladys Minor began working as cook for 
the Mess Club at the station, a job she maintained for 
about 13 years. 

"Dan" and Gladys were married in Dubois 
August 26, 1923. Gladys had one daughter, Marie. 
When Marie became of school age, she attended her 
early years in Dubois. Her parents had to drive her to 
Dubois, where she stayed during the week with 
friends, then they would go after her to bring her 
home for the weekends. At that time she was the only 
child at the station, consequently, there were no school 
buses in those days. After a few years two other 
children were to join her, Raymond and Shirley 
Stoehr. Marie had a pet black lamb she had ftm 
feeding on the bottle. 

Another young lady from Blackfoot, Lily 
Ockerman, assisted Gladys for awhile cooking for the 
shearers. Lily, eventually married one of the station 
employees, Lee Jeffrey. Lee and Lily continued to 
live at the station. Lily was to become the steady 
cook when the Benners decided to leave the station in 
1932. They moved to Groveland, purchasing a farm, 
located west of Blackfoot. The Jeffreys' raised their 
family here at the station, and Lee worked until he 

The Station office and the Directors housing, 
as well a the living quarters and the lunch room for 
the cook, were all in one main building, located on the 
hill. Mrs. Benner and Lily were some of the first 
women to live on the station, consequently, the 
working men needing a place to eat, all ate Mrs. 
Benners good home cooking. Work for Mr. Benner 
at this time involved working with horses. The first 
teams were those of persons that were employed such 
as near by homesteaders, Walter and Owen Phillips. 
The station was to eventually maintain several work 
teams. All hay for the sheep had to be hauled, from 
ranchers such as Leonardsons and Clarks of Medicine 
Lodge, or from the railroad box cars in Dubois. 

Mrs. Benner was a member of the Methodist 
Church and the United Methodist Women. While in 
Dubois she was active in the Community Baptist 
Church in Dubois. 

"Dan" died on June 4, 1955. 

Gladys was bom August 28, 1887, at 
Raymond, Kansas, the daughter of William and Emma 
Minor. She passed away March 3, 1976 due to the 

Their daughter, Marie, married James H. 
Johnson. They lived in Blackfoot. 

The Benners were buried in the Grove City 
Cemetery in Blackfoot. 




Anmmtf ^i 

"9' ' V*, 


"Jim" and Katherine Bennett and young family 
moved to the Garrett ranch located in the Medicine 
Lodge Canyon in 1946, where "Jim" worked as ranch 
foreman on the C.A. Garrett ranch. The ranch was 
originally known as the "Bill" Colson ranch. 

On June 8, 1929, "Jim" and Katherine Ora 
Costello were married in Clearwater, Nebraska. 

He was bom August 26, 1908, in Clearwater, 
and attended schools in Ewing, Nebraska. 

"Jim" worked as an auctioneer and rancher in 
Nebraska, than moved to Idaho to ranch in the Shoup 
area, later as a brand inspector for Union Pacific 
Railroad in Idaho Falls. 

The Bennetts had four children: Norma, Jack, 
Louise, and Karen. The latter three attended the Edie 
school, located south of the ranch. Norma, being in 
high school, boarded at the Powell Apartments in 
order to attend the Dubois High School. Merrill 
McCarten was the Superintendent of the high school. 
Teaching at the Edie School, in the canyon, was 
Vivian Stelzer, where Louise, Jack and Karen attended 
school before entering high school at Dubois. Narra 
married Lloyd Small, they live in Thornton, 
Washington; Jack and family live in Green River, 
Wyoming; Louise married Neil Thomas, they live in 
Etna, California; and Karen married Charles Wilson 
and they live at Lidys. They have 13 grandchildren 
and several great-grandchildren. "Jim" was preceded 
in death by one grandson, Kenneth "Kenny" Small. 

Katherine has always been a very creative 
individual. She loved to do paintings of the Medicine 
Lodge Canyon; her paintings t(xlay are masterpieces 
in homes throughout the country. One painting she 
had fun in creating while living up the Canyon, wa.s 

her version of Shupe, Idaho after a Saturday night 
dance. One winter she decided the big Garren house 
they were Uving in needed a carpet in the living room. 
Since the room was large, she preceded to make her 
own. The base was old wool bags, the design she 
created in sections; the materials were hooks for her 
hook rug, and all the Medicine Lodge men's old long 
jons, she had dyed to create the rose pattern for her 
rug. She could whip out any kind of clothing for the 
family, or create a fevorite item in leather, such as a 
stamped ladies handbag. 

Katherine spent some time at a nursing home 
in Idaho Falls, due to her health. Prior to this she 
lived with her daughter, Norma and husband, Lloyd 
Small in Washington. As of 1992 she is living vkith 
her younger daughter, Karen and husband. Charles 
Wilson at Lidys. Katherine still sp>ends time helping 
others by teaching painting classes to individuals or 
grandchildren when the opp(^)rtunity is there. 

Cooking was always easy for her, whether it 
was for the crew at the ranch, family or many 
visitors. They raised their own chickens at the ranch 
to keep them in eggs, as well as chickens for Sunday 
dinner. She didn't need anybody to help her take care 
of the chickens, gather the eggs, or to catch the 
Sunday chicken to cut its head off and pick the 
feathers to make ready for the roaster. Whenever 
"Jim" butchered at the ranch, Katherine loved to make 
the good old time head cheese, cook liver and cmion-s 
or bake the heart. 

"Jim" and Katherine enjoyed lite and were 
what you might call, an eas-y going couple. The\ 
didn't mind getting snowed in for long peritKLs of lime 
during the winter months. They joined the families of 
the Medicine L(xlge Canyon taking turns hdsting card 
parties and dinner parties, especially in the unnter 

"Jim" passed away September 28. 1^)82 at 
Thornton, Wa.shington. where they were living at the 
time. He was buried at the Tliornttm renu-tery. 


Kenneth L. Ik-nrvtt. mure familiarly kr>mn as 
"Kenny," had s-pent must ot his life m Kilgorc. with 
time out for schixil and a hitch m the Navy. 

Born 12. 1^^2(1. ti> "Pat" and Fli/abcth 
Bennett, at Kilgnre. he moved with his p.irenLs tn Ut* 
Angeles, where his father h.ul emplo\ merit, tlrsi ^Mlh 



Eileen & "Kenny" 

the fire department, and then with the police 

After his father's tragic death, the family 
moved back to Kilgore where their mother taught 
school. "Kenny" went to high school in California, 
and later to ISU. He did a hitch in the Navy in World 
War II, stationed at Guam before his discharge. June 
15, 1948, he married Eileen EngUsh and continued 
ranching on the Bennett home place at Kilgore. He 
later purchased it from his mother, Betty Bennett. 
"Kenny" and Eileen are the parents of three children: 
Connie, "Pat" and Ann. On the ranch he raises hay, 
dairy cattle, later replaced with beef cattle and 
purebred Arab horses. 

"Kenny" received honors for his service with 
the Clark County ASCS, as both Conmiunity and 
County Committeeman; he also worked nine years on 
the County Road and Bridge. He enjoys reading and 
making furniture from knotty pine, especially since 


Eileen was bom January 5, 1924, to Stephen 
Francis and Annie English, at Harding, Man. Canada. 
She attended local school and later College and 
Normal School at Brandon, earning a teachers 
certificate, teaching elementary grades and Industrial 
Art. Eileen came to the United States in 1947, with 
a Canadian Combine Crew and then to Dubois, to 
teach 7th and 8th grades. She has furthered her 
education from I.S.U. and Ricks. 

In June of 1948 she married "Kenny" Bennett, 
a rancher at Kilgore, Idaho, and became an American 
Citizen in 1950. They have three children, "Pat" 
deceased 1988, Connie of Dubois, and Ann, of 


Some of her first jobs were assistant cook at 
the school with Betty Larick, and also cook at the 
school in Dubois, at the Lions Club and various 
ranches, and at the Senior Citizen Center. She has 20 
years of 4-H leadership and was past 4-H Council 
president; she also organized and managed the Clark 
County Youth Horse show for six years. She is a 
member of the Dubois Ladies Aid, and past member 
of the P.T.A. and Dubois' first five year planning 
committee. Intermittently she has been a local 
newspaper reporter. She is a charter member and 
secretary of the Clark County Fair Board, and Clark 
County Historical Society, she received recognition 
from tiie Rodeo Club for managing the Rodeo Parade, 
and was presented a Community Service Award by the 
Fair Board. While working with Bonnie Stoddard, 
they have put together the Counties Photo Collection 
of over 5,000 pictures, she was Co-chairman with 
Bonnie Stoddard on the Idaho Centennial Committee. 
Eileen has done extensive research on the Nez Perce 
skirmish in Camas Meadows and Bugler Brooks, who 
lost his life there. 

She has many hobbies, including sewing, 
quilting, knitting, Doll houses, and local history. 



Connie was bom to "Kenny" and Eileen Bennett July 
30, 1949. She attended school at Kilgore, Dubois, 
and ISU, becoming a beautician. In high school her 
special interests were Pep Band, Pep Club and Drill 
Team. She was also a 4-H member, serving a hitch 
in the Army, stationed in Oklahoma, Georgia and Key 
West. She met her first husband, Richard Collins in 
Okinawa, where they were both serving; they were 
later divorced. She then moved to Denver and 


married Bryce Stephens until their divorce in 1989. 
She was employed at " Downtown Radio" in Denver. 
She is an active member of the LDS Church. 
Connie married "Ron" Barg in 1990, and they are 
now living in Dubois. They are the parents of a 
daughter, Lana Eileen. 


"Pat" was born April 12, 1951; his parents are 
"Kenny" and Eileen Bennett. He attended schools in 
Kilgore and Dubois; his special interests were 
basketball and football, radio and 4-H. He attended 
the Electronic Institute in Phoenix one semester. He 
then returned to Clark County, logging, carpentry and 
ranching. Pat Married Sheila Fife, they were later 
divorced. They have one daughter Nicole. "Pat" 
loved horses and later was studying with "Ray" Hunt 
on horse physiology. He was a cowboy with a drawl 
and a sense of humor, and could recite poetry with 
ease. He loved people, and was a member of the LDS 



Ann Loree was bom Nov. 10, 1954 to 
"Kenny" and Eileen Bennett. She attended school at 
Kilgore and Dubois, her special interests were Pep 
Band, Pep Club and Drill team, and the 4-H, winning 
trophies and awards. After graduation she worked at 
Pond's Lxxlge in Island Park. 

She married Bruce Man April 16, 1974, who 
was killed in a snowmobile accident later that year. 
Ann attended Central Wyoming College at Riverton, 
Wyoming. While visiting with her sister she met and 
married Lee Carver, who was then in the service. 

After his discharge they made their home in Idaho 
Falls, Idaho where he had employment. They are 
Hving at present in Denver, Colorado where he is 
employed by U.S. West. Ann is active in her church 
and is a Girl Scout Leader, also conducts an Amway 

They have two children Paula 9, and Amanda 
who is 7 as of 1990. 


"HI, DAD!" 

Nichole & "Pat" 

The big Cowboy Round-up in the sk) Ha.s 
taken yet another young guy 

To ride round the Lord's special herd 
Questionin' why would simply be absurd... 

When the Lord wants a job done He just 
reaches out and picks the right one 

To Help with whatever He has on hand 

Ltx)ks like He needed Pat in ume \o brand. 

One thing's for sure, it things get slow. 

Pat'li have a lively stor> tn tell... yi>u might 


He'll be among old friends. Max. Lidon and 

Kent, tcx) 

And all oi 'em will be thinkin' "N^ut \h\n];s 

they used [o do. 

He'll be dressed in favorite K^^Ls and ridm" a 

g(K)d saddle, 

With a wild;i and a might> fine ht>rv 

to straddle. 


little gal. 

He'll still be busy watchin' out for an old pal 

And keepin' a close eye on his no. 1 favorite 


So look up now and again and say Hi to old 



Just try to remember all the good times you 

You know he'll add a touch of ftm to any 
Cowboy job... 

No, there's no need to sit and mom nor to sob 

Nichole you know that Cowboys 
never really die... 

They just go on to ride Heaven's Trails on 



"Will Bennett Home" 

My father, William Henry Bennett, was bom 
January 17, 1854 in Kaysville, Utah. He was the 
eleventh child in a family of fourteen, bora to James 
and Ellen Pincock Bennett. My mother, Annie Jane 
Hibbert Bennett, was the third child in a family of ten, 
bom on March 4, 1866 to Benjamin and Mary Mills 
Hibbert, near Peterson in Weber Canyon, Utah. They 
were married in the L.D.S. Temple in Logan, Utah, 
on December 16, 1885. They were the parents of six 
children, of which only two hved to 

adulthood. My father had six children by a prior 
marriage, of which only two lived to maturity. One 
boy died at age 15, of a nose bleed. He was ten years 
old when Dad and Mother were married. One girl, 
Stella, was eight, and Elsie was four, at that time. 
My mother raised the three of them, until the boy 
died, then the two girls to adulthood. Both of my 
dad's wives had twins as their first. 

I remember hearing from my mother, she and 
my father moved from Kaysville, Utah, to Kilgore in 
the late 1880s. They bought the homestead rights from 
a man named Owens, who had filed on the one 
hundred and sixty acres now owned by "Ken" and 
Eileen Bennett. Also, the eighty acres to the south, 
and the eighty on the west side of the present road, 
which had been filed on by Mr. Owens under the 
"Desert Act", which was permissible in those days, 
but none of which had been proven upon. At the time 
they moved there, there was a small log house across 
the creek from where the Bennett house now stands. 
They lived in it for a number of years. My brother, 
Franklin, was bora there on June 17, 1894. Also, 
there was a three-room log house on the lower place. 
It was west of the present road, in a bend of the creek 
about half way from north to south of that eighty 
acres. As far back as I can remember it was known 
as "The Old Box Car". I suppose it was because the 
three rooms were built in a line. Mother's brother, 
Charles, lived there a number of years after he was 
married. At the time they came there, the place 

was known as "Camas Meadows". It was renamed 
Kilgore at some later time. At that time, there were 
very few settlers in the valley, no fences, and no 
bridges over the creeks. According to my mother's 
information about their activities, they would tura 
their milk cows loose after the evening milking. The 
cows were free to roam wherever the feed was best. 
One of the cows wore a bell, and in the morning they 
would listen for the sound of the bell, and Dad would 
go get the cows for the morning milking. There was 
an old stage coach road running north-easterly, which 
crossed Camas Creek at the ford by where Ken 
Bennett's bara now stands. About the tura of the 
century, my dad built the house in which "Ken" and 
Eileen now live, and where I was bora on August 23, 
1905. At some time during those years, my dad 
acquired the forty acres adjoining his place on the 
north, the place now owned by the Hirschi family. 
My dad deeded two acres of this ground, on which 
stood a two-room log house, just east of Camas Creek 
and just south of the east-west road to the LDS 


Church. Church meetings were held in the log house 
for some years, and a new church house was to have 
been built there. However, when the log school house 
was built, they held church meetings in it, and the 
church house was never built. The log school house 
was built by the creek just west of the present school 
house. According to the county records, the Hirschi 
family acquired title to the two acres of land in 1943. 

At some time during the years my family lived 
in Kilgore, some saw mills were built and operated in 
the area. My dad supplied meat to the saw mill 
crews, and also sold some to other ranchers of the 
valley. I have a book, which belonged to my father, 
in which is recorded many items of meat and other 
things sold to the mills and the ranchers. It records 
beef having been sold as low as six and one-half cents 
per pound. My mother made cheese and butter which 
they sold also. 

I remember my mother telling me of how, 
when they first moved there, they could fish from the 
house to the bam in Camas Creek, and catch about all 
the fish they could carry back to the house. Also, at 
that time, sage chickens were plentiful. Mother said 
that in the hot part of the sununer days the chickens 
would lay in the shade of the house and dust 
themselves. There being a scarcity of rocks, the 
settlers would just take off a shoe and knock over a 
sage chicken for dinner. On one occasion, my dad 
went to get the cows, early in the morning, and came 
across a so-called sportsman, who was shooting 
chickens. He told my dad he had killed five hundred 
that morning, shooting them just to see them fall, and 
leaving them where they fell. The early hunter was not 
the only one there that summer, and after they had 
gone back to the big cities, the ranchers had to gather 
up the dead chickens and bury them to get rid of the 
bad odor. 

One year a huge swarm of crickets threatened 
to invade the valley. Upon learning of their approach, 
the ranchers got together and decided on what they 
thought would be the best method of combatting them. 
They selected a location where they knew the crickets 
would have to cross a creek. They built a long Kiard 
fence at the edge of the water, and covered it with tin, 
on the off side of the creek from the crickets 
approach. At the down stream end of the fence, they 
built what resembled a large clothes wringer, out of 
two medium sized straight logs. They placed it so as 
the upper side of the lower log was on a level with the 
surface of the creek. The other log above, had a 
handle or crank on each end. At the appointed time, 

all the men, women and children, who were old 
enough, fanned out and beat on tin pans and other 
noise makers and herded the crickets toward the tin 
covered fence. As the crickets tried to hop the creek, 
they struck the fence, and not being able to hang onto 
the tin, they fell back into the water, and were carried 
down stream to the large wringer, which was being 
turned by two men. Upon going through the uringer 
they were crushed. I was told there were tons of 
them. They were later hauled away and buried. Fa- 
many years a band of Indians came and camped on the 
cemetery point during the summer. The squaws 
would go to the ranches and beg for food. One day 
my mother had just baked a batch of bread but they 
refused to take it, they said they wanted meat. 1 was 
very small, and I had followed Mother out to the 
porch where the two squaws were sitting. When they 
said they wanted meat, I told them to come back 
tomorrow, my daddy gonna kill a cow. 1 don't 
remember if they came or not. I'm sure my mother 
would have rather they didn't, as she v^'as always so 
terribly afraid of Indians. In later years, some of the 
bucks worked for some of the ranchers during haying 
season. Some of them were real good workers. But. 
by-and-large, they were not very ambitious people. 

At some time arourxl the turn of the centur>', 
two of my mothers brothers, came to Camas 
Meadows, Eugene and Charles Hibbert. 

Eugene homesteaded stimc land cxst of Kilj:v>rc. rh>u 
known as HibKird Springs. Charles worked for »>mf 
of the ranchers and lived for .Mime time \Mth a rancher 
n;imed G. E. Brauer. 



Llovd. "Pat" and Eugene 
Lloyd's Wife. Aina 

Also, in 1903 Mother's sister, Melinda, with 
wagon, horses and three little boys: Lloyd, Parley and 
Eugene, came to our place from Glendale, Idaho. 
Aunt Melinda lost her husband in 1900. He was 
kicked to death by a horse. At that time, Lloyd was 
ten years old and the other two boys were younger. 
The family traveled alone. As I recall, the reason for 
Malinda coming to Camas Meadows, was to cook for 
her brother Charles and the man he was living and 
working with, Mr. Brauer, who incidentally, she later 
married. In the fall of 1907, Dad and Mother decided 
to move to Roberts, Idaho for the winter so that my 
brother, Franklin could go to school there. They 
hired a young man named Chetwin Smith to live at 
our place and feed the stock that winter. On February 
28, 1908, my father had a stroke and died later the 
same day. At the end of the school term Mother 
moved us back to Kilgore, and during the spring she 
rented the ranch out to a man named Parley Gardner. 
During the summer, she sold the livestock. I was too 
small to know about those things at the time, but I 
remember hearing talk about it later. Dad had several 
hundred head of both cattle and sheep. The cattle 
were sold for four dollars and fifty cents a head, and 
the sheep for fifty cents each. Even at that price, there 
were many of them she was never paid for. 

In the late summer we moved to Glendale, 
Idaho where Mother had another sister living named 
(Ellen) Mrs. Henry Auger. We lived there for some 
two years and moved to Preston, Idaho where my 
brother, Franklin attended the Oneida Stake Academy. 

In the summer of 1912 Mother, Franklin, and 
I went to Kilgore for what was to have been a couple 
a months visit, and Mother was to have cared for Aunt 
Linda, who had a baby daughter, Dorothy, in May, 
and was ill for a long time. As it turned out she was 
ill much longer than expected, and by the time Mother 
was able to leave. Uncle "Charley's" wife was about 
to have a baby, and he persuaded her to stay and care 
for his wife at child birth. Bemice was bom on 
January 24, 1913. We went back to Preston in the 
spring of that year. I started school that fall, and 
attended school there through the fifth grade. 

Franklin, married a girl from Malad, Idaho 
late in 1916. He worked for the Gwenford Milling 
Co. near Malad, and his wife ran a boarding house 
where the mill hands ate. They separated in early 
1918. His wife went back to her parents, and 
Franklin came back to Preston. 

In the early summer of 1918 we moved again 
to Roberts, Idaho, where mother kept house for her 
brother, Eugene, who had in the meantime left Kilgore 
and settled in Roberts. Franklin and I, also worked 
for Uncle Gene until August, when Franklin was 
drafted into the armed forces. Mother and I stayed on 
at Roberts until February of 1919 when we moved 
back to the ranch at Kilgore. Franklin had been 
stationed in Camp Fremont, California, in training, 
and was ordered over seas around November 1. His 
company embarked at New York and headed for 
France on November 10th. During the night the ship 
was turned around, and was in a harbor in Virginia 
when morning came. He was sent to Camp Lee 
Virginia, and was discharged from there in the spring 
of 1919, I think it was sometime in May. As 

previously stated. Mother and I moved back to Kilgore 
in February of that year, and Franklin came to the 
ranch when he was discharged. We had a rather rough 
time getting started ranching again, as we had no 
livestock except a team of horses we got from 
Mother's brother Charles, which he had owed her by 
an agreement that they had from the time he had the 
ranch rented. And we had very Uttle money. Also, 
the place was not in very good shape after being 
rented for so many years. It had been rented by the 
Albano brothers the last four or five years before we 
went back. Incidentiy, it brought only $175.00 per 
year rent. We bought some horses and cows from 
Mother's brother Eugene, who by that time had sold 
his place in Roberts. We were barely able to keep 
enough to eat for the next four years. In the spring 


of 1920, Franklin married a girl from Logan, Utah 
whom he had known prior to entering the service. 
She came to the ranch to live when they were 
married. A baby boy was born to them in the late fall 
of that year. They stayed on at the ranch until after 
the haying season of 1922, at which time they moved 
to Logan, Utah where Franklin worked at a coal yard. 

During the winter of 1922-23, Mother's health 
was not good. We had Dr. Tucker see her, and he 
diagnosed her trouble as dropsy. But he said not to 
worry as it was not serious, and she would probably 
be all right. However, on the 19th of April, I arose 
and found her dead in her bed. I notified Franklin, 
who came home as soon as he could. Mother's body 
was shipped to Kaysville, Utah, accompanied by 
Franklin, and buried beside my father. I stayed on at 
the ranch until after Mother's burial and Frank 
returned. We then sold the livestock and left the 
ranch. I went to Logan to live with Franklin and his 
family, where by that time a baby girl had been 

I lived with them that sunmier and fall, and on 
December 24, 1923, I married LaVem Nay lor, from 
Providence, Utah, whom I had met early that summer. 
In fact, we had met on June 24, 1923. At present, 
after fifty-five years of marriage, we are still together, 
and very much in love. 

Franklin's wife died in May 1925. His 
children were later adopted by a cousin of their 

Franklin and I kept in close touch, and often 
worked at the same jobs for a number of years. We 
both worked at a garage in Logan for more than a 
year, and for the Phoenix Utility Company, climbing 
poles on a high-line construction job, in Utah and 

My wife gave birth to twin boys on July 2, 
1925. We owned and operated a service station and 
a feed store in Smithfield, Utah for some time. We 
moved to Ogden, Utah, in the spring of 1929. The 
next eight years I worked at auto repairing in the Ford 
garage in Ogden, then four years for the Union Pacific 
Railroad Company. On April 9, 1941, I joined the 
Ogden Police Department as a patrolman, and retired 
as Captain of the Traffic Division on April 9, 1%1. 
After leaving the police department, I worked as 
bailiff in the District court of Weber County. At 
present I am relief bailiff in the Circuit Courts of 
Ogden City. We have ten grandchildren. They are all 
living in the Ogden area except two. We have thirteen 

great-grandchildren. We lost one of our twin sons on 
December 31, 1975. They were both fireman for the 
Ogden City Fire Department. The one still living, 
retired in June 1977. Franklin came to Ogden to 

live in about 1935. He worked at various 
employment, including the U.S. Mail Service, 
Mountain Fuel Supply, Hill Air Force Base, and a 
lumber yard. He died November 5, 1968. 

Stella, who was eight years old when Dad and 
Mother were married, married Frank Bruff>', from 
West Virginia, who worked for the Railroad company 
in Dubois when they were married. 1 don't know just 
when they were married, as they moved back to West 
Virginia before 1 was born. They were the parents of 
one son and one daughter. In 1957, I was sent to 
North Western University, at Evanston, III. 1 had 
arranged for my vacation at the close of the schcxjl 
term, and as my wife was with me, we toured the east 
coast before returning to Ogden. On April 18, we 
met Stella, who was eighty years old, and was living 
with her daughter and son-in-law in Forest Hills. 
Maryland. It was quite an exp>erience, meeting for the 
first and only time so close a relative. We uere 
advised not to stay too long, and not to tire her as her 
health was not too good. She died three years later. 

Elsie, the other girl my mother raised, v^-as 
married to Peter Mortensen in aKiut 1900. N\n lv>ng 
after they were married, Peter got the mail contract. 
At the time, and for years afterward, the contract had 
to be re-bid every rwo years. The mail had to he 
brought from the post office in Spencer, to the pi>st 
office in Kilgore on a daily basis, and was taken on 
East to Rae three times a week. It was castomar\' for 
the contract holder to hire someone to bring the mail 
from Spencer to Kilgore, and he. him.self. would carr) 
it from Kilgore to Rae. AN>ut five nvmihs each 
winter it was necessary to carry the east end with dog 
teams, as it was not possible to keep the r(ud open 
They u.sually tcH)k the mail out one day. .stayed over 
night, and came home the next day. making three trips 
a week. 1 remember the stor\' of him at one time, a 
fierce blizzard came up when Peter was on his way 
home. There was a lone u-ee by the u-ail out on the 
fiats, and when Peter came to the tree he still thtHJghi 
he could make it home. But seven hi>urs later he 
came back to the u-ee, having made a complete circle 
He dug a hole in the snow, put his dogs in the h»^ir. 
then got in himselt. arxl pulled the sled over U> omrr 
the hole, and waited until the biiz/ard u-as over. D.«uc 
had .st(xxl at the window with a light all night \^-aiting 
tor him to return They later left Kilgore atxl moved 


to the Burley area where Peter taught school, and was 
a water master for one of the irrigation companies. 
During their life time they raised twelve children, who 
are now scattered from coast to coast. Elsie was with 
one of her sons in Pennsylvania for the past several 
years. She died on July 26, 1979 at the age of 





In 1925 I was attending Ricks College. When 
school closed that spring, I went over to the Cline 
ranch in Rigby and asked Dave Hagenbarth for a job. 
He hired me and I reported for work the following 
Monday. A fellow by the name of Nate Johnson and 
I left the Cline ranch driving twenty to thirty head of 
horses and mules. We corralled them in the stock 
yards at Roberts the first night. Next morning we cut 
out part of them and Nate took them to Spencer. I 
started for the Reno ranch with the rest. I stopped at 
the Cartier ranch that night. Next morning, Mr. 
Pope, the ranch foreman, gave me a fresh horse and 
directions to the Reno ranch. I rode all day and 
became quite alarmed toward evening, as I could see 
no ranch. Finally I sighted some trees in the distance 
and headed that way. I was relieved to find it was the 

Curb Bare was the ranch foreman at the Reno 
ranch. Next morning I started back home. In the 
early afternoon I arrived at the Cartier ranch. Mrs. 
Pope fixed some dinner for me, and as it was early 

after- noon I decided to go on home. 

"Dave" had told me it would take two days to 
get back and to report to the Cline ranch because he 
had another job for me to do. So by getting home in 
one day, I tiiought I could spend that day with my 
family in Menan. About 9:30 that night I rode into the 
Stevens ranch - where John Poole now lives. At the 
gate I met Dave coming out. He was surprised to see 
me and said he would see me the next morning at the 
Cline ranch. That afternoon my brother, Roy, and I 
got ready to take some calves and horses to the Cartier 
ranch. The next morning Roy hooked up a team of 
Dave's Appaloosas. He led the two horses and I 
followed driving the rest. We were all day getting 
there. In one week I had ridden from the Cline ranch 
to the Reno ranch and back and then to the Cartier 
ranch and back. (WLS Reunion in Spencer, Photo) 





My early schooling was in Spencer and 
Dubois from 1924 to 1935. My first and second 
grade teacher was Mrs. Wolf. I'll never forget when 
we were in the first grade our class put on a "Flower 
Show. " We were all flowers and I remember I was a 
rose. Miss Wolf was one of the sweetest women I 
ever knew and one of the best teachers. 

I, Ruth Kuchler Berthelson, was bom at 
Humphrey on February 18, 1918. My parents were 
Robert Henry and Mary Alana Kuchler, formerly of 
Spencer. There were nine children born to this 
family. The others were William, Minnie, Vem, 
Carl, Bobbie, Robert, Jaccque and LeRoy. 

Mrs. Cedderburg was my third grade teacher. 


She would shake me by pinching me on each arm 
where she left big bruises. My favorite school 
activities were basketball and skipping school. 

Some of my classmates were Anne Close, 
"Dick" Simpson, Margaret Lyons, Earl Holden, 
"Ray" Hart, Frank Finylson, Ruth Doschades, Anna 
May Henry, Dona Ellis, Minota Marten, Pauline 
Gauchay, Mary Maloney and Frances Schaller. 

Transportation to and from school was on 
foot. I well remember that the Fourth of July Rodeo 
at Kilgore was an event that we all eagerly anticipated. 

In tiiose early days we heated our home with 
wood which the entire family gathered each fall. 
Conveniences in our home did not include water or a 
bathroom in the house. We raised our own cows and 
chickens for milk, eggs and meat. Other essential 
groceries were obtained from the Fremont Cash Store 
and the Spencer Mercantile. 

Kuchler family 

My dad helped to build the main highway 
between Dubois and Spencer, working with horses. 
My first job was when I was just eleven years old, 
working at Conklin's Cafe. Our family left the area 
in 1937. 

I met my husband, there in Big Hole, 
Montana. We were married in Dillon on August 20, 
1938 and our first home was in Powell, Wyoming. 
We had three children: Zane, born in Dubois; George, 
born in Lovell, Wyoming and Joan, also born in 
Lovell. Joan is deceased. 

Sometime later, we had the opportunity to 
develop an unique business of our own in Dell, 
Montana. We purchased the old sch(K)l building 
where my husband collects and sells antiques and I 
have maintained a business with gcxxl old-fashioned 

"home-cooking" in the Littie Red School House Cafe. 
The old blackboards on the wall serve their purpose 
well, announcing the menu for the day. Our business 
is located just off the main interstate highway. 



The area of Dubois attracted several members 
of the (Boese) Bese family around 1912, who 
established homesteads west and south-west of Dubois. 
There were the grandparents, Johann and Justina Bese, 
who were on Section 25 (patent date 5/28/18); his 
grown children were: John J. Bese, wife, and family 
(patent date 8/14/18); also in the "Dutch Flat' area 
were -- Benjamin Bese and wife, Susie (patent date 
10/29/18); Henry Bese family (patent date 6/6//17); 
Peter K. Penner family (patent date 4/3/18) and Jakob 
K. Penner and wife, Justina Bese Penner and two 
daughters, Luella and Zelma (patent date 1 1/8/17) and 
his sister and husband, "Ben" and "Susie" Adrian. 

The families were looking for "greener 
pastures." Original families had traveled from 
Nebraska, Colorado, Texas, California. Oregon, s«,^me 
to Montana, then to Idaho. 


lohann and Justina 


Johann filed for his homestead. By this time 
there were five of the Bese families who had already 
located in the Dubois area. 

Johann was born July 24, 1851 in 
Heinrichsdorf, Poland, the son of Johnann and 
Susanna Buller Voth Boese. His twin brother died in 
infancy. He had a sister, Eva, and brother, Benjamin. 
On May 17, 1871, Johann was baptized into the 
Alexanderwohl Mennonite Church in Molotchna in 
South Russia where they were settled in Landskrone. 

Johann and Justina Goossen were married May 
3, 1873, in South Russia. She was born August 

1, 1852 in Hierschau to Franz and Anna Goossen. 

The Franz Goossens came to America on the 
S.S. Vaderland in 1874 and settled in South Dakota. 
Franz signed Johann 's naturalization papers as a 
witness in 1891. Justina was accepted into the 
membership of the Alexanderwohl Church on the same 
day as their wedding by transfer from the Margenau 
Mennonite Church. 

Two of the 14 children were born in 
Friedensdorf before they left for America on June 23, 
1876 on the S.S. Vaderland, landing in Philadelphia 
July 28, 1876. 105 Families of Russian Mennonites, 
arrived at Philadelphia. The group noted they 
received very good treatment and were thankful for 
the kindness shown them at Philadelphia by Francis 
Funk, Emigrant Ticket Agent of the Red Star Line and 
Pennslyvannia Railroad Company. When they were 
registered in Philadelphia the registrar misspelled their 
last name, leaving out the "o". This mistake wasn't 
discovered until sometime later, so they decided to 
leave it "Bese " 

In 1899 Johann was ordained as a minister of 
the Gospel. 

The government opened up the Idaho country 
for homesteading. Five of the Bese families had 
already filed for some of the land near Dubois, Idaho. 
Since most of his children were now in Idaho, Johann 
left Sarah with sister, Katherina Kroeker-Melvin, and 
went to inspect the land for himself. On March 27, 
1915 he filed for homestead rights on 320 acres next 
to son, John near Dubois, Idaho. 

On May 5, 1919, Johann was granted his final 
ownership rights to his land. Soon after this, they 
turned the land over to Katherina 's sons and moved 
back to the farm near Enid, Oklahoma. Since they 
were both getting along in years and couldn't work so 
hard anymore, they moved into a house they bought in 
Enid. Here, in March of 1922, Katherina died and is 
buried in the Mennonite Cemetery north of Enid. 

Evidently Johann wasn't too well, and was taken to 
California, as suggested by his doctor. Here he 
succumbed to dropsy and an enlarged liver. He is 
buried in the Orland, California Cemetery. 



John and Katherina Dubois Home 

In 1912 John and his brother "Ben" decided to 
go to Montana to look for land to homestead. They 
lived for one month in Chinook, Montana, but it was 
winter, about 40- degrees below zero, and very cold, 
so they moved on to Dallas, Oregon. Here they lived 
in town at first, later moving out in the country where 
John worked on a farm. In the winter of 1913 

they again decided to move, this time going to Dubois, 
Idaho, together with the Jacob Penners'. Jacob was 
married to John's sister, Justina. After arriving in 
Dubois, John and Jacob worked in a lumber yard in 
Dubois, and rented a house in town which the two 
families shared. It was in this house where my sister, 
"Susie," was born. I, Katherine, was very ill with 
pneumonia; my hair all fell out and I had to learn to 
walk all over again. I was three years old that winter. 
John and Jacob each bought a horse and together they 
purchased a wagon. They already had a set of harness 
they had brought along from Oregon. In this way 
they provided transportation for both families. 

When the spring weather allowed and the 
snow melted, they each took up a homestead. John's 
homestead was three miles west of town, Jacob's two 


and one half miles southwest of town. They continued 
working for the lumber company in order to buy 
lumber to build a small 14 x 16 foot one room house 
on each homestead. Their children slept in the attic. 

Soon the Benjamin Adrain's came and took up 
a homestead about two miles west of town. Then the 
Henry Bese's, Henry Kroeker's, and Jacob Koop 
settled not far from the Penner homestead. Sometime 
later "Ben" Bese took up a homestead one half mile 
west of the Adrain's. Then John's father, Johann 
Bese, took up a homestead west of "Ben" Bese's and 
one half mile south of his son, John. 

The county put a new road through John's 
land, so John relocated the building site and built a 
two-story house. About this time John Harder came 
to Idaho, and took up a homestead near Mud Lake, 
about twenty miles or so from the John Bese 
homestead. He soon came courting at the Johann Bese 
home, for their was Sarah, blond and petite. Not too 
long after, they were married and settled on their 

Dad built a small shack on his 360 acres of 
land, one room downstairs, with an attic, and covered 
it with black tar paper on the outside. I can clearly 
remember this house. "Johnny" and "Abe" slept in 
the attic and climbed the ladder that was built next to 
the wall; there was a crib for baby sister, "Susie," and 
the trundle bed on wheels that was shoved under dad 
and mother's bed was where "Pete" and I slept. 

Then Dad built a two-story house. When the 
house was all finished, we moved in. I was six years 
old and my sister, "Susie," was three. She had the 
measles and would not stay in bed, but would run 
downstairs, saying "here's another one!" She then 
became very ill with pneumonia. That night dad sent 
"Johnny" to Dubois to get the doctor. Johnny rode as 
fast as he could on horseback, but "Susie," started 
having convulsions and died. Dad and mother woke 
us up and had us all come downstairs to say "goodby" 
to her. She died in March of 1917. The snow was so 
deep, it was very hard to find the exact plot to dig the 
grave in the Mennonite cemetery, south of Dubois, for 
her burial. "Ada" and Uncle "Ben" Adrian built the 
little casket and mother and aunt "Susie," padded and 
lined it in white cloth and made a long white gown for 
her to wear. The funeral was in Uncle "Ben" and 
Aunt "Susie" Adrian's house. She was dad's sister 
and where we usually had our church services. 

When Bradley Franz died and dad and mother 
were at our house, she spoke of it all as though it had 
happened yesterday. "Susie" and Bradley were bt)rn 

and died in March and was three years old and 
Bradley was bom and died in March and was also 
three years old. Bradley was her great grandchild. 

Dad would take "Johnny" and Abe along and 
go up in the hills and round up wild horses and bring 
them home and break them for their use on the farm. 
While in the hills, they would stay in the cowboy's 
line shacks. "Abe" told me about this on our v^-ay 
back from Bakersfield; he and "Johnny" had been 
talking about it. He said that sometimes it was so cold 
the potatoes they took along would freeze in their 
saddle bags. 

Dad would break the wild horses by hitching 
them one at a time to a wagon with a tame horse. 
John and "Abe" would help him harness the horse, 
hitch it to the wagon, while still in the corral, then the 
boys would open the gate and get up on the fence and 
sit there to watch as the wild horse would buck and 
jump and try everything to get loose. Dad would ride 
on the wagon and let them go until the horse v^-as so 
tired it would finally stop. Then he would drive back 
in the corral, unhitched, and did it over again until 
they accepted their role as work or riding horses. 

In the summer we rode horseback to church; 
I remember riding in back of the saddle with mother. 
and "Pete" with dad. In the winter we rixie in our 
sleigh. Mother would heat some bricks in the oven 
and dad wrapped them in gunny sacks and we each 
had one to keep our feet warm. 

Our land was divided by a country ^^^ad and 
sheepherders would drive their fiocLs dimn the nud 
to pasture and after they were through "Johnns," 
"Abe" and "Pete" would pick up the .su-ays. 
Sometimes some would be u-ampled to death and the 
boys would shear the wcxil and sell it. One ume the> 
found a beautiful lamb and we raised it and it became 
our pet. Later dad butchered it and ue yi^unger 
children could not eat the meat. In tact, v^-e .still don't 
like lamb very much. 

Dad rai.sed Idaho Russet p«itatix*s on pan of 
the land. We all helped harvest them Dad pKm-ed 
them up and mother and we kids picked them up and 
sacked them, then dad sewed the .s.»cks up and hudcd 
them on the wagon and ttxik them to market I always 
wore a pair ot "Pete's" overalls he outirnm-n. 
while in the field. I always got tea.sed aS>ui wranng 
aiose overalls, u.sually patches on the knee arxl >t>\nc 
a s'unlx)nnet. 

On cold winter evenings, mother pn^lished arxl 
oiled the top ot the wixxl stove and placed big slier* 
of pcitatixvs on il. cixiked them until crisp and brouii 


on the outside and mellow on the inside. What a treat 
these were after doing our homework and chores. 
We didn't have a well, but dad built a cistern near the 
house and we went to town with our water wagon and 
the horses pulled the wagon into the stream where we 
filled the tank by dipping the water out of the creek 
with buckets. In the winter we melted snow on the 
stove in a large boiler. A boiler was a large oval 
galvanized container with a lid, it held about ten 
gallons of water. This is the way we heated the water 
for our Saturday night baths and also to do the 
washing. Mother had two large round galvanized 
wash tubs, one for washing and one for rinsing and of 
course the clothes were boiled in the boiler with lots 
of homemade soap, and lifted out with wooden sticks. 

Mother always had a large garden. Dad 
would prepare the soil with manure out of the corral 
and then plowed up with a hand plow, which was 
pulled by a horse and guided by dad or Johnny. I 
remember large clumps of rhubarb, rutabagas, com, 
cabbage, cucumbers, radishes, and carrots, to name a 
few. The garden had a wire fence around it to protect 
it from the jack rabbits. Also, mother took her 
surplus homemade butter and eggs to town and traded 
them at the Mercantile store for sugar and flour and 

During World War I dad had to go register 
for the army in Idaho Falls. He was rejected because 
he was too short and had flat feet. He was gone for 
several days and mother cried and cried, wondering 
what she would do with her family and the farm if dad 
had to go to war. During the terrible flu epidemic 
before the war ended, we all had to wear white gauze 
masks over our mouth and nose when appearing 
anywhere in the public. Praise the Lord, none of us 
got it. We also had to buy a ration of hard tack, a 
type of hard unsalted cracker, for each sack of flour 
we would buy. 

When they built a dam up the creek the 
farmers started selling their land to the Mormon sheep 
ranchers and moving away. Dad's relatives and 
friends all sold out and left tiieir homesteads. Mother 
did not want to stay because she was afraid we 
children would marry Mormons when we grew up. 
There were about ten families that lived near us. The 
drought years took a toll at this time on many of the 
dry farming homesteaders. Although Dad was 
broken-hearted about selling, he finally sold to one of 
the Mormons, but after we left the Mormon backed 
out of the deal and the land reverted back to the 
government. Dad bought his first car the year before 

we left Dubois, a 1916 used Maxwell. It was sold 
before we moved. 

Most of the family left the country by train. 
Mother traveled in a passenger car with "Pete," baby 
brother, Albert and me. Dad and "Abe" came by 
freight train, all the household goods in one end of the 
box car and all the farm equipment and animals in the 
other end of the same box car. When the train would 
stop all the animals would be given water to drink. 
We arrived in Bakersfield January 1, 1920. I 
remember how surprised we kids were when we got 
to California - no snow and so warm, we thought. 

We took mother and dad back to Dubois in 
1941 to take another look at the old homestead. 
Someone had moved the house into Dubois and we 
saw it and the old brick school house. The kids all 
went to school in Dubois, possibly in the first old 
school, as well as the pfesent two story brick building. 
Now they have added on to the brick school, adding 
a big gym. We couldn't find my sister, "Susie's" 
grave in the cemetery. 

Again we visited "Pete" and Martha Bese, 
then in Dubois in 1974. The farmers south of Dubois 
had put in a large field into sprinkler systems and are 
getting very near to where we used to live. The crops 
look very good. 

This information was received by Bonnie 
Stoddard when my brother, Albert Bese and wife 
again attempted to visit the old homesteads near 
Dubois. They checked with records at the Clark 
County courthouse with Bonnie Bums, County 
Treasurer. They were delighted to find his parents 
homestead and to actually find a few of the old relics 
from the site on July 3, 1991 which they took back 

Albert (bora August 29, 1919) and "Susie" 
were bom at the Dubois homestead. "Susie" was 
about 3 years old when she died there. Albert was 
just 4 months old when our family gave up and moved 
to California, where dad purchased a 20 acre farm at 
Rosedale from my Uncle Jake Heinrichs, sight unseen. 

Grandpa Johann Heinrichs was 25 when he 
came with his parents from Schardau (village), 
Molotchna (colony), Russia, arriving in New York, 
September 3, 1874. From there they went by train to 
Lincoln, Nebraska and settled in Hamilton County 
where Henderson, Nebraska was established by the 
Mennonites. He was to married Katharina Friesen, 
January 25, 1876 in Henderson. Their daughter was 
to marry Johann Bese, who later was elected as 
Interim Pastor for about five years in Enid, Oklahoma. 


After moving to Dubois, he continued his work with 
the Mennonite faith, where worship services were 
conducted every week. There were also other known 
Mennonite families in the Dutch Flat area. 

As of 1991 the children of John L. Bese 
family that are still living include: myself, Katherine, 
and Albert. John, "Abe," "Pete" and "Susie" are 
now deceased. 

Albert and his wife, are now retired, having 
sold their farm in Chowchilla, California, where he 
also enjoyed raising draft horses, his favorite were the 




Henry Bese Family 

Henry and Mary joined their many family 
members at Dubois, where they homesteaded land 
south of Dubois. 

Their property was proved up on June 6, 1917. They 
had three children when tiiey moved here. They 
included: "Ben", born May 9, 1909, Edna, born July 
25, 1910 and Henry Walter, born January 17, 1912, 
all born in Enid, Oklahoma. 

Henry was born May 1, 1886 in Marion, 
South Dakota. He married Mary Kroeker in 
Richland, San Diego, California. 

Mary was born December 5, 1879 in South 
Russia to Jacob and Anna Braun Kroeker. She was a 
sister to Jacob Kroeker, who married Henry's sister, 

Mary was baptized of the Mennonite Brethren 

They left Dubois area and settled in Orland, 
California. Until this time Henry was a farmer, but 
he soon went to work for the railroad. 

Mary died November 27, 1930 in Orland and 
was buried there. 

Henry later married Bertha Riffel, and moved 
to Willows, tiien Woodland, California. He died of a 
heart attack, March 26, 1948. He was buried beside 
Mary in the Orland Cemetery. 



Benjamin was born in Parker, St^uth Dakota in 
1891. He moved with his family to Enid. Oklahoma 
when he was but a young boy. He married Susanna 
Peters in Dallas, Oregon, March 12. 1916. Susanna 
was the daughter of Dieu-ich A. and Su.sjnna Braun 
Peters. She was born in Nikiilaip^il, Turkestan in 
1893 and came to America in 1903. 

Benjamin bought his bride to DuKms. lJah<i 
where the majority of the Bese family had st-ttJed. 
Benjamin obtained the Patent on his homestead, 
located in the Mennonite settlement of "Dutch Rat' 
south of Dubois, October 24. h)18. 

Their first child, a .•.*m. Crt-orpe. \^-as N>rn at 
Dubois, Idaho at the family home on their homestead. 
September 18, 1918. He ^"a^ delivered at 7: 10 am. 
by Dr. W. Howard Vounp. DuUms Physician Dr. 
C.E. Jones of DuK)is v^•as the Registrar At the unv 


George Besse and Family 

George was born his father, "Ben" was twenty-six 
years of age and his mother, "Susie" was twenty-four 
years old. 

Then in 1919, when the drought forced them 
to leave, they moved back to Enid, Oklahoma. 

After leaving Dubois, the family was joined 
by four more children, Floyd, bom May 23, 1921; 
Alvin, bom January 30, 1923, both in Enid, 
Oklahoma; Rose, bom January 29, 1926 in Lodi, 
California and Frances bom May 18, 1931 in Enid, 

Grandfather Bese was advised by his doctor in 
May of 1923 to go to Cahfomia due to his health. 
Consequently, Benjamin and Susanna and their three 
children took him to Orland, California by train. 
They stayed at the Henry Bese home until June, when 
Grandfather died. 

Benjamin then settled in Lodi, California with 
his family, where they worked int he vineyards. In 
1927 they moved back to Enid Where they farmed. In 
1940 they left the farm and moved to town, and 
Benjamin worked for the Gold Spot Dairy. 

Benjamin, who has a very jolly personality 
and loved life, died suddenly of a heart attack, August 
14, 1957. Both he and Susanna were members of the 
Mennonite Brethren Church. 

In 1962 Susanna married Peter Heinrichs, a 
brother of Katherina Heinrichs Bese. She was again 
widowed in 1975. Susanna died December 15, 1978 
in Enid. 

George Bese married Mary Ann Kirkpatrick 
December 17, 1946 at Enid, Oklahoma. 

Mary Ann was bom in Enid, December 31, 
1924. She and George were the parents of several 

George and Mary Ann traveled to Dubois the 
summer of 1991, just three weeks after his cousin, 
Albert Bese was at Dubois, to observe the area where 

he was bom and where his family had homesteaded. 
In return he shared some of their family history. 

George told of his parents early home for his 
homestead. It was a dugout house, which was dug 
about four feet and then built up with a four feet wall 
of sod bricks with a roof and windows and white 
washed inside. 


.Tacob & .Tustina - .Tohn. .Tack. Nettie 

Jacob and Justina lived only a few years south 
of Dubois in the Mennonite settiement, along with 
several members of their family, where they obtained 
the Patent for their property. While living in Idaho 
Jacob taught a children's Sunday School class. 

They were previously married in Enid, 
Oklahoma May 19, 1903, while her father performed 
the ceremony. He was bora in Henderson, Nebraska 
August 4, 1882, while both of his parents were bom 
in Holland. Justina was bora in Marion, South 
Dakota, October 28, 1878. 

Justina's third child, Nettie, was bom while 
they lived in Dubois. She died when she was just a 
small child. 

Jacob and Justina had seven children in all, 
two of which died at birth. 

Justina died of complications of child birth 
February, 1923, in Com, Oklahoma. Jacob died in 
1969 in Marysville, California of cardio-vascular 
disease. Burial was in Clinton, Oklahoma, November 
8, 1917. 

Peter K. Penner also obtained his property 
Patent, November 3, 1918 at Dubois. 




Mary and Adam 

Sp)encer became one of the early Idaho homes 
for the young family of Adam Black, natives of 

On May 12, 1889 a son, Adam Hunter Woods 
Black, was born to Robert and Agnes Woods Black at 
Glasgow, Scotland. At a very young age his mother 
passed away. His father later remarried, thus Adam 
went to live with his grandmother, in northern of 

At 20 years of age, he moved to Canada, a 
year later he came to the United States working in 
Wyoming on various sheep ranches. Here he learned 
to cook, make bread, as well as caring for the sheep. 

During World War 1, he was called back to 
Canada, to serve in the Canadian Army as an 
ambulance driver with the 1st Royal Field Artillery, 
1st Division. 

Adam received his certificate of Naturalization 
to the United States of America while still in the 
army, at Common Pleas Court, at Camp Merit, New 
Jersey, July 29, 1918. Due to his previous application 
for United States Citizeaship, he transferred to the 
American Army, May 19, 1918 at Thermopolis, 
Wyoming, where he served as cook of Company A, 
44th Engineers. He served in France, sailing from 
Camp Merit, New Jersey, July 31, 1918, returning to 
the U.S. October 15, 1919. He received an 
Honorable Discharge November 22, 1919 by reason ot 
demobilization of tr(x)ps. 

After leaving the service Adam went to 

Wilsall, Montana where he bought a homestead, 29 
miles out in rugged timber country. 

He married Mary Miller of Denny Scotland 
on March 15, 1922. 

Mary was bom October 23, 1887. at 
Herbershire Street, Denny, Scotland, the daughter of 
William L. and Mary Miller. She was educated in 
Denny Public School. At the age of fourteen, she 
entered the apprenticeship of Robert Black and 
Company Wholesale Ironmongers and Coffm 
Furnishings, working as a seamstress. She later 
worked in a bicycle shop which was part of the firm 
for some 20 years. 

Mary was a member of Brcximpark 
Presbyterian Church, involved in various Church 
Activities, such as Sunday School teacher and 
member of the Christian Endeavor Society'. 

On January 6, 1922 Mary applied for her 
passport and Visa to the United States, being ver\ 
frightened of leaving her Native Scotland. 

Adam and Mary were married March 15. 
1922 and lived in a two room cabin on the 
in the mountains, their nearest neighbor was five miles 
away. Adams expert touch with animals made their 
horse and sheep herds thrive; he was often au-ay tu'O 
and three days at a time and it was very lonesome for 
Mary. Adam promised to take her back to Scotland. 
but never did. They sold their homestead and moved 
to Bozeman, where Adam was also employed by Mr. 
Arnett, Dean of B<^)zeman College, who specialized in 
raising Rambouillet sheep. 

Mary, their daughter was K)rn in B<,izenian. m 

The family settled in Spencer. Idaho where he 
went to work for the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, 
when it was first being built. They later moved to 
Dubois where he went to work for Edward and 'Joe* 
Laird Company, and for "Tub'" Laird at the Comxti 
Service Station. 

Adam became ill and pa.v^ed away .September 
24,1959. He was buried in the DuU>is Cemetery. He 
was a member of tlie American Ixgion Mary wa.s 
active in the Community Church, and serNed as 
Deaconess, teaching a Sunday School class; she als*» 
belonged to the Indies Aid, she made nuny articles 
that were sent to ilie mission^jries, also .sev^ing tor ."iix 
grandchildren, and helping daughter Mary. \Khv> lived 

near by. 

Mary's failing eyesight made it h.ird for her to 
get around. While visitmg a grarxi.s«m. she fell arxl 
broke her arm She six-nt the ncW two atxl one half 


years with her daughter. 

On Mary's eightieth birthday, the Ladies Aid 
held Open House in her honor. 

Mary and Adam knew and loved six 
grandchildren. Mary had the pleasure of knowing ten 
of the great grandchildren, the weddings of five of the 
grandchildren, also the tragedy of grandson Paul, his 
wife Vickie, and children. Gene and Tammy, who 
were killed in an auto accident near Butte. 

Mary became very ill and was taken to the 
hospital, and then later to a rest home in Pocatello, 
Idaho. She passed away February 8, 1976. Burial was 
in the Dubois Cemetery. 

Mary Black Hurst, her daughter, still lives in 
Dubois. Her husband George is deceased. 



"Sure I was frightened," said Mrs. Mary 
Black, remembering when she left her native Scotland 
in 1921 to meet and marry Adam Black in Montana. 
A half century in America has not erased her 
delightful Scottish brogue, although she never thought 
of herself as having an accent. 

Mary Miller was born October 23, 1887, in 
Denny, Scotland, where she lived until 1922, when 
she left for America. Adam Black had left several 
years before and had a homestead near Livingston, 
Montana. The Miller and Black families were friends 
in Scotland, and Mary was working for Adam's father 
at the time Adam sent for her. 

The sea voyage, remembers Mrs. Black, was 
fine until the third day, when she became horribly 
seasick. The rest of the two- week voyage to New 
York was at the expense of considerable suffering. 
She was met at New York by Mr. and Mrs. Reed, 
distant cousins, who put her up for a day or two 
before seeing her off on the train to Montana. 

"Are you sure he'll still be waiting on you 
"asked solicitous fellow passengers as the train neared 
Livingston? Adam was there, and they were married 
that same day by Mark Ingraham, a Congregational 

Married life for Mary Miller Black began in 
a two-room cabin in the mountains. Her husband, an 
exj)ert with animals, raised horses and sheep, and was 
often gone two or three days at a time. 

"I was lonesome," she remembers, noting 
that it was five miles to the nearest neighbor. "I 
wanted to go home the first year." 

"I'll take you back to Scotland," Adam 
promised, and they decided to return in three years, 
but they never did. 

After a year or so things changed and the 
Blacks found themselves at home in the rugged 
country, in spite of the numerous porcupines, some of 
which even gnawed away at the doorstep, in spite of 
periods of being alone for Mary, with only sheepdogs 
for company. 

"When Adam would come home, " Mrs. 
Black remembered, "he would holler from down in the 
woods, and I'd know he was coming." When the 
Blacks had an opportunity to sell the homestead they 
took it and moved to Bozeman where their daughter, 
Mary Black Hurst of Dubois was born. They moved 
to Spencer in 1929, when Adam began working for 
the Woods Live Stock Company, then the U.S. Sheep 
Experiment Station, living there for about eight years 
before moving to Dubois. 

Through the years, Mrs. Black kept track of 
people in Scotland, but with the passing time, old 
friends had left. 

Sewing was a favorite pastime. She always 
made clothes for her family. She had an old table top 
Singer sewing machine which she used until her 
failing eyesight brought a halt to her sewing. The 
machine was hand cranked, she explained, and worked 
fine as long as you cranked it. 

Mrs. Black was an active member of the 
Dubois Community Baptist Church. For many years 
she taught a Sunday School class, making visual aids 
and displays for the children before ready-made 
packets were available. She was alwaysactive in 
Ladies' Aid as well, but in later years thought she 
should resign because she was not able to participate 
as actively as she had. "No," they told her, "you're an 
honorary member now." 

She prided herself on her independence—living 
in her own house, doing her own housework; and 
looking after herself. 

"The Lord's been good to me," she said, "My 
eyesight's not very good, but I can still get around at 
age 84." 







^A-^ ,\ 

^AMfi^r V* ^'m,^mA^**'^ st^* . 

Margaret and Claude 

The Blackburn family moved to the Modoc in 
May of 1934. 

Margaret was the daughter of William and 
Sarah Stoddart. She was bom March 7, 1893 at 
Menan, Idaho. Her parents earned their living in the 
Humphrey area by milking cows and working on the 
Humphrey Ice Pond. She recalled when the kids all 
had the seven year itch and they had to close the 
school down. 

Margaret married Claude Blackburn, 
November 26, 1913. They were the parents of six 
children: Lucille, Marcie, and Ila, and Lional Claude, 
Malvern "Huck", and William "Bill." 

They purchased the Paul ranch in 1934. This 
place had been sheeped out for ten years, so it took a 
lot of hard work to bring it back where it would 
produce hay of any amount. 

We lived on Modoc about six years, enough 
to know what hard times were. 

We moved there from Pocatello. That was 
where my husband, Claude Blackburn, had been 
working for many years. Our children were growing 
up and we decided town was no place to raise them, 
so we moved about as far from town as we could - so 
the Modock was where we settled. 

We, along with our son-in-law, purchased this 
ranch. Our son-in-law stayed on his job in Fort Hall 
to help pay expenses, as there was no money coming 
in from the ranch at the time. Claude also stayed with 
his job until haying time started in the later part ot 

July. I, and four of our six children, moved up to the 
ranch. Our oldest was married. The second was 
working with his uncle on a ranch in Montana. 
Malvern, "Huck," as we called him, and I did the 
work. We were left there without a horse or car, just 
our tools to work with. We mended fence around that 
900 acres, carrying our posts, wire, nails, and staples 
in our hands, or any other way. Sometimes we would 
take some long poles - he would take one end and. I 
would take the other - and hang our uire, a bucket 
full of nails and hammers, on the pole and carr>' them 
that way - but we mended the fence - every inch of it. 

Then, we made ditches to carry the water to 
the higher hay land that had had no water for ten 
years. We made these ditches with blistered hands 
and aching backs, a lot of nerve and just plain guts, 
with a shovel for each of us. Then we made 
headgates to regulate the stream of water. VSlien that 
was finished, then came the job of irrigating, which 
carried on all summer long. Well, after ten years of 
being sheeped out, we didn't have a bumper crop, but 
it wasn't because we didn't try. 

After haying was over, then came the problem 
of getting the kids three miles to schtx)l through sn»m, 
cold and blizzards. By that time we did have a team 
and buggy, or sleigh, or whatever we needed to take 
them to school. Lionel, our oldest stin. was home by 
this time, and with him came all the buddies and their 
dogs. He would say "Mom they have n<i place to go - 
no job- can you feed them too?" 

As some of you read this, you will remember 
that at that time the Great Depression was at it's ver\ 
worst - no work, no money, and hungr>' mouths to 
feed. We did have four gixnl milk cou-s. sti I .S4ild 
cream, made cottage cheese and butler. We had Oout 
and 50 pounds of beans, so I fed them all It wasn't 
easy though, because there was one of the star bums 
who was a picky eater. 1 just told him if he didn't 
like the fcxxl he could go down the line He ate what 
we had and kept his mouth shut 

We started to drive the .schiHil bus one year 
The next year I tix>k the children to Spencer, s*) the 
older children could go to schvnil there We onl> 
stayed one year However, is where iHir 
daughter. Marcie. was gradu.>ted tri>m High Sch«»»>l. 
and where the iilder Kiys finished their sch«Hiling 
Ht)wever. "Huck" did Like fiddler sch«x>ling in 
Colorado. scluH)ling which has been a grcjit ihmg m 

his life. 

in Mar.h. the scar after wr moved U> the 
ranch, we ran out ot hay and my hiLsKirxl nvned the 


cattle down to the flats south of Dubois where there 
was a lot of dry grass and some snow on the ground. 
The boys had left to find work. One of the star 
boarders was left, and he had gone with Claude and 
the cows. Our oldest daughter, Lucille, came up to 
bring some supplies, but she couldn't get any farther 
than the gate out on the highway. She had to walk 
into our place. We had a good sleigh road into the 
place but cars couldn't get over it. Well, when she 
got there, my three youngest children and myself were 
all that were at home. I had a team of half-broken 
horses, which were out on the hill south of the house. 
There was quite good pickings there for them. I got 
the team in. One was quite bad to kick. I knew this, 
and one was quite skittish taking them in. When I got 
them back to the barn, I knew she was the one who 
kicked bad. I had seen the mean one kick the 
singletree out of Claude's hands just as fast as he 
would try to hitch the tug on to it. I just knew she 
was the mean one. They looked so much alike I 
couldn't tell one from the other. I was so careful not 
to get behind her, so I reached over behind the other 
horse to hitch old kicky's tug. When the men folk 
came home, I found out it was the gentle one that was 
so bad to kick. I guess she just took pity on a dumb 
old lady. 

We had a stone boat down at the gate for just 
such emergencies, so I took the team down through 
the field instead of going around the road, for the 
snow was getting soft and I didn't want the horses to 
break up the snow-packed road. By the time I got to 
the highway I was wet to the waist, and my legs were 
beginning to feel strange, and by the time I got loaded 
up ready to head home, it had began to freeze and my 
clothes were frozen stiff. All went well until I got 
home, and one of the horses hit a loose piece of wire, 
and that was all it took to set them off. They both 
broke loose from the stone boat, dragging me for quite 
some distance, and I couldn't hang on any longer, so 
I had to let them go. I knew I had to get them back 
somehow. By this time it was dark, and the only way 
I could find them was to follow their tracks in the 
snow. I started after them, and as I said I was already 
wet to my waist, and my legs still had the strange 
feeling in them. Well, the farther I went, the stranger 
the feeling became. Finally, I thought every step 
would be my last one, and the horses had gone 
through every snowdrift on the ranch, but I kept 
going. Only God knows the answer, for I prayed with 
every step. The horses found a back gate open, and 
had gone through that and out into the open range, but 

I went on. I finally found them and led them back. 
Going back, I could see where the snow had blown off 
the ridges, so I followed the ridges back. I knew I 
could never go through another drift. I got them to 
our fence, but to get them home I would have had to 
go through another swale which was drifted full so 
that was out. I tied them to the fence and was able to 
follow the ridges home. When I got to the door and 
opened it that was the end. I went down, and 
truly my legs have never been the same since. Every 
time they get real cold I can still feel that strange 
feeling creep over them, and that was 42 years ago. 

Times finally got so bad we lost the ranch and 
had to move off and leave 600 ton of hay for the next 


Claude passed away in Auust 1966, while 
Margaret lived to be 99 years of age, passing away 
July 13, 1992. 


Sharon and Bud 
"Huck" and Lulua 

When "Huck" was but fourteen years old, his 
family moved from Pocatello to Humphrey, Idaho in 
the Modoc area, to a ranch known as Paul's Place. 

His early schooling was obtained at Pocatello, 
then he attended part of a year at Spencer. While at 
Spencer he was a member of their basketball team. 
He did not go back to school because of all the ranch 
work that had to be done. 

Later the family moved to Spencer. While 
living here, his brother and sisters also went to the 
Spencer school. His mother ran the Spencer boarding 
house. Some of the Kilgore students attending the 


Spencer school were under her care. 

Saturday night dances were held at Humphrey, 
which were well attended. A Humphrey teacher, who 
taught grade and high school formed a band, they 
called themselves the Miller Orchestra. They played 
for all the Humphrey dances at this time. 

Hay had to be hauled from Humphrey for 
what stock our family had at Spencer, this was usually 
once or twice a week. 

Early one Saturday morning in the year of 
1937 or 38, "Huck" left Spencer, headed for hay at 
Humphrey, intending to be back at Spencer that night. 
He had just finished loading when a strong wind came 
up, turning into a terrible blizzard. He couldn't see 
his hand in front of his face. The wind was blowing 
the hay off the hay rack. He turned around and made 
it back to the bam yard, unhitched the horses and put 
them in the bam. All their possession had been 
moved to Spencer, including the fire wood. He 
struggled back to the corral and managed to knock a 
pole off from it. After getting back to the house, he 
started a fire, and spent the night shoving that pole in 
the fire to keep from freezing to death. 

By morning the wind had calmed down, so he 
hitched up the team, loaded up the sleigh, and headed 
for Humphrey. Just before arriving there, the wind 
came up again, so he spent that night with Claude 
Crawford in the Humphrey store. There was a barn 
across the road from the store, that had been used to 
put the school bus horses in, where his team stayed 
for the night. 

Roy & George .lenkins 

Janice Blackburn. Lurinda Carlson. 

Anna Turman 

The next morning it appeared calm, so he 
hitched up and started out again for Spencer. By the 
time he reached the Charles Stevens home the wind 
was blowing, but he journeyed on until he reached the 
"Charley" Carlson ranch, where he spent that night. 
The following day he traveled on to Pleasant Valley, 
where he met the snow plow with about twent>' cars 
behind it. They were all tickled to see him, some of 
them had stayed in Spencer at his mother's boarding 
house the night before. His mother had told them she 
was afraid he had frozen to death, becauiie he had not 
returned home. 

In 1937 "Huck" trailed cattle from Spencer to 
Dubois for the John Hays family. He was breaking a 
horse for Charles Stevens at the time. Tliere was 
quite a crew on the trail including: Mrs. John Hays, 
Mrs. Jennie Reynolds, Wilma Jean Reynolds, Ruth 
Kuchler and himself. John ran the chuck wagi>n. 
which was an old car, because he was Iik) crippled to 
ride horse back. The ride took two days to get from 
Miners Creek to Dubois. On the way back to the 
Hay's ranch, "Huck" spied some horses out in the 
lava rocks, one of which was a black and white pinto. 
At this time "Huck" was riding a bay mare, which you 
could never catch and when you did sho \».-as 
absolutely worthless. His dad had said to trade her 
for a yellow dog and then they would shixit the dog. 

Mrs. Hays was quite a horse trader tix). She 
didn't tell "Huck" that the pinto horse she wanted lo 
trade him had fallen into the rocks and broken out his 
front teeth and was sixteen years old. Anyway ihev 
traded horses, and "Huck" tixik Peanuts, the black and 
white pinto. As it turned out the horse did even. thing. 
He even pulled the school bus sleigh in the wmier 
time in Humphrey. 

Malvern Q. "Huck" was born Januar> 31. 
1920 at Firth, Idaho, one of six children of Claude 
and Margaret Stoddart Blackburn. 

"Huck" didn't have a college education, but 
went to a u-ade schtx)! lo learn s^iddie nuking Hf 
was quite familiar with this anyway, since his dad ha J 
a harness shop when he was a K\v. 

"Huck" served in the Armed Ser\ices during 
World War II, and wa.s a life time member o\ the 
VFW Post 1004. 

After his discharge he uciit to Mivvnila. 
Montan;! and worked at the Monuru Saddlery for 

seven years. 

On June 29, p)4(). he nurried Lulua Mary 
Loran in Mi.ssoula Uner they left Mi.vumla and y^rni 
U) Oregon where he had his own .saddle shi>p. then 


moved to Idaho Falls where he had his own shop and 
was well known for his leather work. 

Through the years "Huck" and Lulua 
remained faithful to Clark County, always attending 
the annual Humphrey Reunions, or other local 

"Huck" Blackburn was very helpful to the 
Clark County Historical Society when they held their 
first reunion, "The Wood Live Stock Reunion," in 
Spencer in 1978. He made all the name tags out of 
leather, which are now memorable keepsakes. He 
also helped to ramrod the wagon rides around the old 
town, a treat to all who attended. 

"Huck" was stricken with a fatal heart attack 
in Rigby and passed away August 24, 1989. 

Interment was at the Missoula, Montana 
Cemetery. Lulua is still hving in Grant. 


__ »,4-i> 

Lionel Blackburn 

At the time of "Huck's" death, he was 
survived by his wife; daughter, Sharon Blackburn; 
son. Bud Blackburn; two sisters, Marcie Clark of 
Lima, Montana, and Ila Johnston of Blackfoot; one 
brother, "Bill" of Puyallup, Washington, and two 
grandchildren and his mother, Margaret, of Blackfoot. 
He was preceded in death by his father, a daughter, 
one sister, Lucille and one brother, Lionel. 



Steven. David. Ronald 
Persh. Wanda. .ToAnn. Barbara 

Perhaps the easiest way to provide a brief 
record of the Blaisdell family is to start with "Persh" 
at the time of his arrival in Clark County and then add 
the rest of us as we came along. Hopefully, you 
won't be too bored. 

I, James P. "Persh", was born in Holbrook, 
Idaho June 29, 1918, and 21 years later (1939) arrived 
witii my graduating class from Utah State University 
to visit the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, The 
following year I returned to work in range 
management research for the Forest Service under the 
leadership of Joseph F. Pechanec. I returned again 
for the sunmier of 1942, and by that time had acquired 
a M.S degree from the University of Idaho and a wife, 
the former Wanda Bindrup of Logan, Utah. Wanda 
was bom in Logan April 17, 1921. 

We were married September of 1941, in 

I was drafted into the U.S. Army in the fall of 
1942, so my wife returned home to live with her 
parents for the duration. A son, "Don" Alan, was 
bom to us in 1943, but died suddenly 21 montiis later. 

Following World War II, we returned to the 
Sheep Station in the fall of 1946. By that time "Joe" 
Pechanec had moved on and Clark Holscher was in 
charge of the Forest Service research. Julius Nordby 
was director of the Sheep Station. Otiiers tiien at the 
station witii their families were Clair Terrill, Otis 
Emik, Elroy Pohle, Hank Keller, "Chet" Schaefer, 
John Stoehr, Lee Jefferys. Later on, Holscher was 
transferred to Oregon, and I was placed in charge of 
the Forest Service research effort. 

We were on a party line witii thirteen otiiers 
on tiie telephone system at the Sheep Station. We got 


our groceries at the Pilot Cash and Roy Matsumara 
and Rasmussen's. I remember when the snow was so 
deep the only thing we could see above it was the 
clothes line post. We were snowed in for quite a few 
days once too. 

In those days, it seems that we knew 
practically everyone in Clark County. During the 
summer months we did a lot of fishing, and attended 
a lot of dances at the school houses in Medicine 
Lodge, Dubois, Kilgore and Spencer, Also, we did a 
bit of dancing and swinmiing at Lidy Hot Springs. 
During the winter, the snowmobiles (the kind with 
propellers) came out of mothballs and the skis were 
much in evidence. I remember participating in winter 
carnivals at both Spencer and Dubois. There were, of 
course, other forms of recreation, and JoAnn was bom 
in 1946, Steven in 1949, and David in 1951. I 
remember and miss those times when the hat was 
passed to pay for the music for the dances. Also the 
fond memories when the community was involved in 

Most of the women belonged to the Relief 
Society or the Ladies Aid or both. Whenever Wanda 
baked a cake or pie, the children would ask, "Is it for 
the "Weef Society, "Wadies" Aid or us? 

A lot of World War II veterans belonged to 
the American Legion, and the main effort seemed to 
be sponsoring funerals and poker parties. We all took 
turns as Conmiander of the local post. Wanda was 
Auxiliary president too. I was a member of the Clark 
county draft board for a few years, and if my memory 
doesn't fail me, I believe I served a term or two as 
President of the Clark County Chamber of 
Commerce. I didn't make the Lion's Club. Maybe 
they didn't have one then. I was also scout master 
and cub leader for the Boy Scouts. 

Wanda kept busy singing all over town- 
solo's, in trio's and leading the Singing Mothers for a 
time. She also worked in Primary and M.I.S. When 
we left, they had a big party for us at the church and 
presented us with valuable keepsakes. "Ren" Wilies 
wrote words of farewell to "Red River Valley" which 
everybody sang. 

We remember fondly the crazy skits we got 
involved in in the community, the square dance craze 
and Wanda remembers all the bridge sessions, battling 
the snow drifts U) get to Rigby U) church stake 
meetings, and the wild ride to Idaho Falls when David 
decided to put in an early appearance. (Dr. Truxal 
was out hunting deer.) 

We left Dubois (amid some tears I might add) 

in 1954 and moved to Missoula, Montana, where 
"Ron" was bom. We lost a child (stillbora) just before 
moving to Washington, D.C. where Barbara was bora 
in 1960. (Persh was home in bed with mumps and so 
were the children when Wanda and the new baby 

We enjoyed the Nation's Capital and all the 
sights it provided, but made several trips back to 
Clark County and the Sheep Station to renew 
acquaintances. Jo Ann graduated from McLean high 
school and retumed to Utah to BYU for her freshman 
year, and we all followed in 1966 to Odgen, Utah, 
where I again worked as an assistant director under 
"Joe" Pechanec. 

I retired in 1980 after working 40 years for 
the federal government - mostly the Forest Service. 
I am still doing a bit of professional writing and 
Wanda writes poetry - mostly light verse. She does a 
lot of programs (both paid for and as a volunteer v.-\\h 
her music and verse). She has had several songs 
published and many poems. She just retired from 
Primary Chorister job held for nearly 38 years, arxl 
currently is choir director, and involved in executive 
jobs in several writing groups. She initialed a "Save 
Utah Books" program of Utah authors and says "Persh 
is retired, and I'm just tired." She is also a charger 
member of Utah Alliance for Arts and the Odgen Arts 

All five of our children are married, and we 
have nine grandchildren (the joy of our lives). Two 
children live in Salt Lake area - Jo Ann is a teacher. 
David a lawyer - two live in Colorado. "Steve" worLs 
for Mt. Bell and Barbara is working on fini.shing her 
college education and mothering - and "Ron" is an 
engineer on oil rigs in Louisiana. Four graduated 
from Utah Colleges. 

We regard the time we spent in DuUms at the 

Sheep Station as some of the happiest years o\' our 

Hves. Whenever we get the chance, we still like to 

visit older and dear friends in Clark County. A pan 

of us will always belong to Clark Count> and wrre 

grateful for gtxxl times shared with real 'salt o\ the 

earth" people. 



If all I've gol to brag aU>ut 
Are famous kin I've found, 
I'm rather like the Kmi> spud 
The best is undcrgrourKl 



Blue Creek Ranch House-1951 

There had been, in the past, some speculation 
as to who patented the original homestead on the small 
stream of clear water flowing south from the back of 
the Blue creek hills. Finally, the county recorder of 
Clark county, Idaho, R. Rhule Leonardson took a 
photograph of that part of Clark County, then 
Bingham county, which definitely shows that George 
Abshire received the patent to the original homestead 
on October 23, 1889. Mr. and Mrs. Abshire were 
friends of my parents, Charles and Ida Leonardson, 
and the two families visited back and forth from time 
to time. Mr. and Mrs. Abshire had only one child by 
the name of Earl, while Hving on their homestead. 
Their ranch for years, was known as "Blue creek 

I understand this was first an early stage stop, 
also known as Blue Creek Stage Stop from Camas, as 
well as a stop off for the Salmon River Stage for the 
drivers often pulled to make horse changes, and for 
meals with George Abshire as operator. This 
apparently all took place before the patent was 
acquired. Drivers many times operated the Concord 
stagecoach through this route. Soon after the 
establishment of the Lidys rest stop, it apparently soon 
done away with Blue Creek station. 

I recall so much having gone visiting with my 
parents to the Abshire 's place. While the seniors were 
visiting, Earl and I took to the root cellar with a 
shaker of salt, climbed into the potato bin and peeled 
and ate slightly salted potatoes until we were not able 
to relish another bite. I still remember that those 

potatoes had the most delicious flavor of any potatoes 
that I, in my ninety odd years, have tasted. 

Mrs. Abshire was a very small lady, I judge 
she would tip the scales around 90 pounds. George 
was tall, six feet three or four, and quite slender. She 
was bom in 1800 and buried at Camas in 1886. I also 
recall that when George came to our home, he would 
stoop a few inches, it seemed, to enter the kitchen 
door, which was probably not the fiill regulation as 
our kitchen door was a homemade construction, 
having been designed and nailed together by my 
father's brother, Edward, who came to give my 
parents some help in building their 4-room log house. 
That same door was in use when the old log house 
was torn down. I can still recall my mother laughing 
about how she got even with George Abshire, who 
was fond of using "big words." Mother told quite 
often of George coming to my parents home when 
mother was busy taking down the screen door from 
the kitchen entrance, it being late in the fall. George 
looked on for a few seconds, then said, "Well, I guess 
you can take down the screen door this late in the fall 
with impunity." Mother replied, "No, I'll just use a 
screw driver." After Mr. and Mrs. Abshire disposed 
of the Blue creek ranch, a Mr. Callison Free Singer 
took possession of the ranch and raised splendid alfalfa 
hay. This was probably because he dragged the 
alfalfa field with a V-shaped harrow of his own 
making. The construction was of heavy timbers into 
which the largest and longest harrow teeth that Mr. 
Singer was able to get were secured. Each spring, at 
a certain time, Mr. Singer would hitch his four draft 
horses to this heavy harrow, that was weighted down 
with large lava rocks, and proceed to tear the alfalfa 
stubble crowns as much as possible. In doing this, 
wherever the alfalfa crowns were torn apart new extra 
stalks of alfalfa would be produced. Mr. Singer was 
a single man and httle is known of his life prior to his 
coming to the Blue creek ranch. 

According to the best and most reliable 
information available, Jacob (Jake) Shear operated the 
Blue creek ranch in connection with the land that he 
patented in the year 1910, joining the original 
homestead. He obtained the Blue creek ranch from 
Callison Free Singer. 

Andrew Meyers, an old time resident of the 
Blue creek hills, also farmed the property, either by 
purchase or under lease. 

Finally, John P. Klein and his mother, Susan 
M. Klein, obtained the ranch. Mrs. Klein patented 
additional land in 1918, according to patent records. 


Mrs. Klein also had two other daughters, by the name 
of Grace and Elizabeth. Mrs. Klein was a sister of the 
Shear brothers, who moved to Winsper from Texas, 
after the death of her husband. 

John P. Klein and his mother, Susan M. 
Klein, added improvements to the property. Susan 
refused to live in the original log home built by 
George Abshire in the grove of cottonwood trees on 
Blue creek (page 904) because she was afraid one 
might fall on the roof of the house; consequently, they 
built a fine new and quite modem cottage across the 
street out of the trees. It was stucco, which kept it 
cool in the hot sunmier months. The house consisted 
of a kitchen, pantry, large living room, two bedrooms, 
and a front and back porch and small dirt basement. 
Later a large basement was added by Ken Stoddards. 
For a house in the middle of the desert, it was never 
hot in the sunmier. 

John married a woman by the name of Gladys, 
from their home town. The Kleins installed carbide 
lighting, then also built a reservoir north of the house 
in the mouth of the canyon to store water to irrigate 
greater acreage. I was present when they purchased 
the carbide light plant. Noticing that they had a fine 
piano in the living room, I got nosey enough to learn 
that John played the instrument. With only a little 
persuasion, John sat at the piano and played several 
selections beautifully. This fact lends insight into the 
cultural environment that the Kleins enjoyed in the 
neighborhood from which they came. I believe Mr. 
and Mrs. Klein came from the state of Illinois and 
when disposing of the Blue creek ranch, returned to 
take charge of the farm that had been the home, for 
many years. 

John and Gladys sold the ranch then to R. K. 
and Pearl Stoddard. The Stoddards probed about the 
spring or springs that supplied the water for Blue 
creek and were successful in increasing the water flow 
to produce exceptionally good crops of hay, grain and 
some potatoes. 

In January of 1948, the Blue Creek home was 
the first home of the Stoddards oldest son and new 
wife, Ross and Bonnie Suxldard. Having lived at 
Medicine Lxxlge without electricity, Bonnie noted that 
it was quite a treat to have the carbide lights, with a 
light in each room of the house. Later "Ken" and 
Pearl and family moved into the home and did a lot of 
remodeling by adding a basement with several r(H)m.s. 
modernizing the kitchen, and adding a fireplace, using 
the beautiful rock from Deep Creek, enlarging the 
living room windows, and enclosing the front porch. 

The Birch Creek school bus came dowii the lane to the 
house to pick up the school children to take them 
some 16 miles (one way) to the Dubois school. 

Having a liberal offer for the property by the 
Turtling Company of Boise, Idaho, owners and 
developers of what was called "South Slope Farm", 
"Ken" sold the ranch. 

After a few months, Mr. and Mrs. Casey, with 
their two darling children of California were to 
become the new owners. At this time electricity was 
brought into the ranch at quite a high price. They 
soon abandoned the ranch, as if it were or had been a 
bad deal, and returned to California. Tertling 
Company again became the owners. 

Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Park and family, having 
disposed of a large tract of farm land, he had 
developed in the North Monteview area, purcha.sed 
this property. Mr. Park, employing a bit of 'uitch 
craft," probing and digging, as the story g^xjs. 
developed much of the water flowing from dow-n 
yonder. They constructed three fish pcmUs, which 
were well stocked. Fish can still be c-aught as a .^^p^irt 
and sold to the angler at a price per pound. Mr. and 
Mrs. Park, I noticed when passing the st)uth end of 
their property, added many acres ui the other 
cultivated land. Finally, it appears that the Blue creek 
ranch has come into its own, so to speak. ParLs wont 
on to improve the house considerably, then later they 
built a new home above the flsh pi)nd in the Blue 
Creek canyon. 

The Parks tcxi had an opportunity to sell the 
ranch they loved so much, to the Leland Spellmoas, 
who op>erated the ranch for a few years. At thi.s time 
the "Brad" Peterson family rented the lower house. 
and were living in it when it burned to the ground in 
1982, Two of their sons. Brian and Blake. Nnh 12. 
were trying to start a Are in a wihkI stove with 
gasoline. The ga.soline had spla.shed and when ignited 
it set the room on fire. Ii<iih the boys and il>eir 
mother, Peggy Peterst>n were uken to Idaho I-alls 
Con.s<)lidated Ho.spitals for treatment of mirv^r burns. 
Five other children were rep^'rted .s.ite Brad 
Peterson, a truck driver, was i>ui oi the area uhen the 
fire occurred. The Monteview F-ire IX-parm>cnt 
responded to the call, which was already txjl of 
conUol when they arrived. 

Ownership of tlie ranch ha.s rruidc one nvrc 
change, and as oi 1^)88 is still operated by the Righy 
Brothers, James and Kris and l.ynm-. tornK-rly of 
Rigby. With the insullalion of sprinkler s\strm.s on 
the Blue creek ranch and surn^undmg Und m the 


Winsper area, the community once homesteaded, and 
later abandoned, due to the dry years, is again under 
cultivation. The Sweet Sage Flats, with todays 
sprinkler irrigation systems, has once again come 



A young man, who may well be referred to as 
"a loner", Robert S. Boak came to this area, by saddle 
horse and leading a pack horse, about 1915. 

He filed on a homestead on which he and a 
newly made friend, Edwin M. Whitzel, made a rather 
feeble attempt at farming. Robert had met and 
married a young lady new to this area. They took up 
residence on the Boak homestead. However tragedy 
struck the happy couple when in 1918, during the 
severe flu epidemic, Mrs. Boak died, leaving Robert 
again "a loner "and in a sad state. After a few months 
Robert decided to take a pack trip into the most 
primitive area of Idaho. Going by way of Challis, 
Idaho he followed a dim trail on west into the narrow 
Selway Valley where game, feathered and four legged, 
were plentiful and the Selway River, clear and 
enticing, teemed with trout. Here Boak rested his 
horses before going on west over a still dimmer trail 
into, or near. Thunder Mountain, a mining town. 

After an absence of about six months "Bob" 
seemed glad to be back in the Dubois area. However 
after a few months "wander- lust" set in and he started 
another pack trip to an undecided destination. Some 
twenty years later "Bob's" friend, Edwin M. Whitzel, 
received a letter in which "Bob" had enclosed a 
generous gift of currency. "Bob" was then in Nevada. 



"Archie" and his wife, Elsie Tevebaugh, lived 
for sometime in Camas Meadows. It is presumed they 
left about the time the children were ready to go to 

According to Douglas C. Boddy, his father 
died in 1987. His father was a half brother to "Bill" 

and "Al" Colson. He, as well as his father were 
named Argia Walter Boddy. His mother, Elsie 
Tevebaugh, was the daughter of Jake and Maude 
Tevebaugh. They were all related to the Colson and 
Hancock families. Douglas noted his father, his 
father's parents and grandparents, all lived in and 
around the Dubois area in the early 1900s. Douglas, 
lives in Juneau, Alaska as of 1990. 

The Boddy family moved to Boise after living 
several years in Dubois, noted Eileen. 

(A Floyd V. Boddy bom in 1913 and died in 
1917 is buried at the Dubois Cemetery. It is not 
known if he is related to the above Boddy.) 



Jennie Abshier's pioneer parents settled at the 
Camas Stage Station, north of the present town of 
Hamer in the 1870s. Her father and uncle ran the 
stage station at Camas, and later also operated the 
Blue Creek Stage Station, west of Camas for a number 
of years. The Blue Creek Stage Station was a main 
stop along the Bannock Pass trail. 

Jennie's father, George and a sister later 
operated a Dubois Hotel. 

County records revealed that George Abshire 
received a patent to the original homestead of Blue 
Creek on October 23, 1889. Apparently the Stage 
Station was in operation prior to receiving the patent. 

Callison Free Singer took possession of the 
ranch from Abshire. 

Jennie was born February 26, 1893, in Ogden, 
Utah, the daughter of George NcNealy and Mary 
Gardner Abshier. 

Jennie married Risto Bogdan. They had a 
daughter Dorothy Bogdan (Millicich). Risto passed 
away in 1978. They also had one granddaughter; and 
one great-granddaughter of Moro Bay, California. 

She was an active member of the Catholic 

She completed a history of the Camas and 
Blue Creek Stage Stations for publication in the book, 
Memories of Market Lake. 

Jennie passed away at the age of 87 in June, 
1981. Interment was at Antioch, California. 




Katharine Stoops BoUes still has many 
memories of living in Clark County when she was a 

She was born October 9, 1899 in Gunnison, 
Utah, to Philip and Lila Stoops. 

»-.. '".."" - 

'^/'- ■ 

Philip Stoops on Bull Rake 

Her father Philip Stoops was a very educated 
man. He was in charge of the school. He did 
everything he could to bring education to the children. 
It really helped Katharine and her sisters as she stated. 

Their home had a telephone which was the 
party line telephone and she often used it to arrange 
the dances with everybody on the line all at once. She 
said that it was quite easy and saved a lot of time. 

Most of the winters in Clark County Katharine 
spent in Logan, Utah or New Jersey Academy. So 
her older brothers and sisters told her tales of snow. 
She enjoyed listening to the tales and imagined her 
brothers and sisters going to school over fields with 
fence high snow. They said that they didn't follow the 
usual road instead, they walked where ever they 
wanted to. 

She always remembers the lovely summers she 
spent in Clark County even though she and her family 
lived in Idaho for 10 years. There were dances at the 
Cochran Ranch along with horseback trips to picnic 
spots such as Beaver Dam. They aKso enjoyed candy 
pulls, reading aloud and listening to their cousin James 
play the piano. James was a pianist of rare skill; he 

graduated from Boston Conervatory of Music. 

Dr. Cochran took care of the people with 
measles, mumps, whooping cough and other sickness. 
He was a graduate physician accredited and concerned 
with his rural community. He was a Kentucky bred 
gentleman who came West for his health (incipient 
T.B.) and made his ranch the center of hospitable 

Katherine was married to James Donald Crain 
in 1920. They had two daughters, Barbara and 
Shiriey. In 1949 her husband, James Donald Crain. 
passed away. In 1951, Katharine was remarried to 
Walter Ehmann Bolles. She now lives in Oroville. 



One of the Wood Live Stock Company 
blacksmiths was Joe Bohney. Bohney operated a .shop 
in Salmon for many years. The WixxJ Live Stivk 
Company were owners of large sections of grazing 
land they say from in Mexico into the Birch Creek 

In the early days many cowhand-s or 
individuals would file on adjacent homesteads. From 
here the men would commute by spending one night 
every thirty days in a homestead-this way they fulfilled 
homesteading requirements by law. Each homesteaJer 
was then required to pay the $500 government patent 
fee, then that person signed over the deed ot" the 
homestead to the W(xxJ Live Stock Company, ihu-s 
giving such big companies more control over the 
grazing land. 

"Joe" made the statement when he went 
to work for "Dave" Wtxxl. the compans was running 
ten thou.sand head ot" cattJe. and eleven or t\^-elve 
bands of sheep. Each band ctinsisted to s*mie x^x\\c 
hundred to two thou.s<ind head oi sheep. It seemed to 
be the ptilicy to run the .sheep in the high im>unuias 
ranges in the s-ummer mi>nths. arvl tix)thills during till 
and spring. The range was burned otY in the tall, thus 
making better grazing for the next year. 

"Joe" was quite a harxl v,ith horses, and liked 
ti) break his own s.iddle horses The cowharxls liked 
to watch to see hini get bucked oi\, but to ibcir 
di.s;ipp*>intnient he nuruged to sU> in the saddle. 

Hls monllily wage had been .s*>nK .scvcnt) five 


dollars, as foreman of the ranch. He finally told them 
he planned to quit, because his wife didn't like life on 
Birch Creek, so they offered him a raise to pay a 
hundred dollars. He tried farming near Idaho Falls, 
hoping this would help their marriage, but they still 
divorced. He did remarry and returned to live at 



Mrs. Bassett on left-Others Unidentified 



On June 19, 1978 I, Robert Guy Bolton, 

reported for work at the U.S. Sheep Experiment 
Station, north of Dubois, Idaho. My position was as 
a range technician and my duties involved working on 
a Range Survey in the Centennial Mountains on sheep 
summer range. The first workmate I met was 

Blake Phillips who arrived from Colorado. Dan 
Ruggles arrived on Sunday from California and our 
fourth man was Toby Rhue who arrived some two 
weeks later. We all lived in the old office for about 
three weeks before we could move into our scheduled 
trailer. Time spent at the station involved study of 
plant mounts for species identification and estimating 
green weights of plants in the vicinity of the station. 

On July 7 (there abouts) we all went to "them 
thar hill's" and proceeded with our range survey. 
After establishing a livable one-room cabin we 
practiced estimating percent utilization and weights of 
plants, to species with the help of our supervisor 
Quinn Jacobson. Our daily activities involved 

going out into the field in pairs, and weight estimates 
and percent utilization with 4.8 and 9.6 square feet 
hoop plots. We averaged approximately 20 plots per 
day. The range site locations were located off aerial 
photos, we carried with us. 

Weekly checks were conducted to insure our 
capacity to estimate within 10% of the true weight. 

Our taxonomic keys received a workout in the 
field, for many new species were constantly being 
discovered. Many a night was spent around the fire 
looking at various plants while talking about the 
majestic scenery, wildlife, solitude, and neighborly 
sheep herders, our friendly packer and other campfire 

The actual range survey took approximately 2 
months with temporary tepee camps at Skyline (3 
days). Big Mountain (7 days) and Tom's Creek (14 

We also set up 6 or 7 fence exclosures for 
future trend studies. 

When the survey ended, we returned to the 
station to assist in various jobs including clipping and 
weighing plants at test sites, stripping parts of shrub 
species for weight study and attempted prescribed 
sage-brush burn, sagegrouse census and all around 

My last day of work was highlighted with the 
annual sheep sale. I assisted in sheep movement 
through the alleys and truly enjoyed the excitement 
and thrill of the sale. 




Garfield & wife. Flora 

"Tom" & wife. 


Helen & Stacy 

A new venture activated for the Bond family 
when a partnership was created between brothers, 
Stacy and Wayne and their uncle, "Tom" Bond, soon 
after the mid 30s at Groveland, Idaho. The trio were 
contemplating the purchase of a ranch, with property 
considered near Dillon, Montana and at Small, Idaho. 
Late in the fall of 1938 Stacy and brother, Wayne, 
along with Stacy's wife, Helen and daughter, Bonnie 
made their first trip to Medicine Lodge to check out a 
ranch located on the lower Lodge. It was formerly 
homesteaded and owned by J. D. Ellis. The bank had 
taken possession of the ranch several years prior to 
this, as a result of the depression years, consequently, 
it was quite run down. As for the house, they were 
to call "HOME", it was a total disaster vvith absolutely 
no windows, or doors in place. The remaining parts 
of the doors were laying on the floor, as a result of 
livestock trailing in and out. The ranch, they le-arned, 
had been rented out for several years, the last renters 
were Wildings, and Gauchays. 

High on the priority list, immediately after 
the sale became final of the Medicine Lodge ranch for 
$8,000.00, was to salvage the house. It was 
surprising to see what windows, dexirs and a lot of 
shoveling (of livestock manure), scrubbing, while 
washing the walls, and a little paint did to make this 
two room log building a home. The building vs-as 
originally built by J.D.Ellis to facilitate the first 
Small Store and Post Office of the community. In 
March of 1939 the Bonds moved from Groveland. 
Idaho to Small, Idaho, while there was still plenty of 
snow on the ground. Moving from mivJern 

conveniences of electricity, a bathrtxim in a nice hume 
was quite a trarLsition. 

Hereford cattle for the ranch were already 
under the care of "Wiff Waring on Medicine* Lxlge 
and Monteview. "Wifr continued empUwrneni with 
the Bond operation as their cattle foreman t\ir uvll 
over 18 years. 

Since the Bond family had been mvolvcd \Mlh 
the potato industry for many years in Blackfo»ii. they 
decided to try farming at Medicine Lxlge. Mi^st of 
the neighbt)rs. being livestiKk raisers, urre quite 
skeptical of "spud" farmers moving in. As it turned 
out, it became one of the hardest years they put in. 
planting and har\esting tlieir crop. Potatiics crc\*-s 
were mainly their friends Uom Cinneland. v-ho hand 
picked every potato. Wayne h.»d the job oi h.»uling 
the sacks of |-KiLiti)es to DuKu.s on their old 'Chcv* 
truck. They were stored in a collar m-ar the railnvad. 
until tliey could be .ship[vd to their warchDUNC in 


Blackfoot. Helen had quite a harvest crew of men to 
cook for, requiring baking many loaves of bread each 
day in the old wood cook stove. Betty Lou, Rees 
Thomas' oldest daughter, helped her with the meals. 
Needless to say, the next year that field was planted to 

alfalfa hay. 

Within the year Bonds moved another nearby 
log buildmg, the former J.D. Ellis dance hall, to add 
additional living quarters to their home. Modem 
conveniences of the times, you were thankful to have 
were the old kerosine lamps to read by, water from 
the nearby well and Medicine Lodge Creek, the 
"outhouse" equipped with the Sears and Roebuck 
Catalog back of the house in the orchard; Saturday 
night baths in the old tin tub, with creek water heated 
on the kitchen stove; the old scrubbing board to wash 
your dirty cloths; the ice box kept in running order 
with blocks of ice brought in regularly from the ice 
house. It was located under the grove of cottonwood 
trees (Bonds trucked ice from Humphrey Railroad Ice 
Pond to store in ice house in layers of sawdust each 
winter); and the old treadle sewing machine to hem 
flour sacks for dish towels, or make clothing items 
from feed sacks. 

The original Ellis orchard was fantastic, with 
every fruit tree imaginable bearing fruit. Families 
from the area would come to harvest the froiit in the 
fall, while Bonnie and the neighbor kids tried to eat 
their share during the summer and fall. Even 
peppermint plants grew there for making tea. 

One of the fringe benefits of ranching was 
the infestation of the mormon crickets in 1939. Stacy 
and Wayne had taken the family and hired men to 
Lidys for a swim, and upon their return home found 
the house covered with crickets, and the Rees Thomas 
family all with tin cans full of rocks, trying to herd 
them down the road and past their houses. "Ray" 
Moore, with his old car was flying back and forth 
across the road trying to destroy all the crickets he 

"Ray" also liked to come down the Berry 
Lane pretty fast to visit the Rees Thomas family. His 
vehicle would really pop and make noises, and the 
Bonds dog, "Rags" hearing this racket would 
invariably dive into the house for protection, usually, 
it was through the screen door. As I remember 
someone was always repairing the screen door, but I 
can't remember which lasted the longest the door or 
the dog. One day "Ray" lost one of his wheels as he 
made that last turn, and had quite a time locating it 

In 1941 the adjoining ranch of B.D. Thomas 
came up for sale. Rees and Hazel Thomas and family 
operated the Thomas family ranch until that time. The 
Bonds purchased this property to combine with the old 
Ellis property. The two story home on this ranch 
looked like a castle to the Bonds, which they moved 
into immediately. It had been originally built by 
Rees's parents, Benjamin and Matilda Thomas. (This 
home is now the home of Elman and Wanda 
Woodfield at Cedar Butte, where they moved it soon 
after they purchased the Bond Ranch.) 

The Thomas well was inoperable, 
consequently a trench was hand dug six foot deep 
from the Ellis well, through the rocks, piping water to 
the Thomas home and corrals. In the meantime, 
Bonnie's little red wagon, and sleigh, hauled many ten 
gallon cans of drinking water over that gravel road to 
the house. Creek water was available during the 

Harriet Shenton, a friend, neighbor and nurse 
was very appreciated by our family. Whenever 
anyone was sick in the family, it was always Harriet 
you called for advice or a shot. When Bonnie had 
typhoid fever, she was especially helpful. 

These years were quite unique, as you 
survived on what you had, the luxuries were the little 
extras you attempted to make yourself, such as 
homemade soap, root beer which took six weeks to 
ripen behind the warmth of the old cook stove. Once- 
in-a while a bottle would explode. Wayne and Bonnie, 
who had a hard time waiting managed to sample a 
bottle quite often, checking if they ready. Stacy 
always had his milk cows, which provided the family 
with ample milk, rich cream, homemade butter, 
buttermilk and cottage cheese. They raised chickens. 
The first year or two the baby chicks were ordered, 
then in the early, cold, spring, were delivered by the 
mail man. Consequently, they had to be housed in the 
house around the heatroUa. Cleaning up after them 
many times a day proved to be quite a chore. The 
reward for your efforts were the tasty young ftyers 
with homemade ice cream for Sunday dinner during 
the summer. Bonds often took orders from the cafe 
and store for chickens, some nights about fifty were 
killed, and dressed for delivery the next morning. 
The teenagers usually knew who raised chickens and 
for something to do, often went on chicories, a few 
times the Bond's chickens were in their cooking pots. 

Helen was enjoying the ducks her brothers had 
brought her, that liked to stay by the creek, until one 


night a weasel eliminated them. A garden seemed to 
be essential, canning winter supplies was a must, eggs 
were greased and place in buckets of wheat for use 
when chickens slacked off laying due to cold weather, 
while all supplies were stored in the outside dirt 
cellar, next to the house. 

The land to the south, formerly known as the 
Cedar Butte area, or the Sinks of Medicine Lodge, of 
the Ellis and Thomas ranches had been old 
homesteads. Near the old Garrettson house was the 
first homestead of Dennis Small, who later moved to 
the present Small ranch because of lack of water at 
that time. Cedar Butte had a school which was also 
the center for conmiunity dances, church services and 
other gatherings. The hardships encountered by the 
drought years forced most dry farm homesteaders, 
including Cedar Butte, to give up their dreams and 
moved out. According to "Wiff' Waring many even 
left the dishes on the table and walked out because 
they were in such a state of depression. 

"Tom" Bond, who still resided at Groveland, 
kept in constant contact with the Land Office in 
Blackfoot. Thus, Bonds purchased these properties, 
one by one, and eventually pulled together some 28 
sections to develop The Bond Ranch. Fencing then 
became one of the major projects with cedar posts cut 
and hauled from Blackfoot. 

The majority of these homesteads included: 
J.D. Ellis, Phillips Ellis, David M. Daniels, Geo. A. 
Boyd, Harry M. Crumley, Robert Kay, Clyde S. 
Grimes, Sylvester Call, Omer M. Crumley, Heber 
Call, Walter Clements, Thomas L. Clements, Perry 
A. Burr, Daniel F. Madsen, Peter L. Madsen, Hyrum 
W. Johnson, George Funk, Mathew Murdock, Emma 
Hanson, Cornelius F. Funk, Cornelius G. Tiahrt, 
Anna E. Tiahrt, Anna Wiebe, Lizzie Wiebe, Jno 
Watkins, A. M. Hardin, Nels A. McCulloch, Thomas 
Patelzick, John and Edwin Owens, Henry Schmidt, 
David Ediger, Henry Lehrmann, Peter Klassen and 
Benjamin D. Thomas. Other families living nearby 
whose children attended Cedar Butte school were- 
Robert Waring, and Fulwiders, that I know of. Some 
of the earliest dates of patents were 1882 by Edwin 
Owens, and 1884 by A. M. Hardin. 

"Wiff* lived first at the "Sinks" in a log 
house, we always called the Garreteson house, where 
he cared for the cattle during the winter and at calving 
time. "WifT later moved to the upper ranch, into the 
former George Thomas home. 

He married Zenna Nielsen of Monteview. 
Their family included two children, a son named 

"Bobby" and a daughter, Wilma. Wilma is married, 
and has a family near Driggs, Idaho. 

The cattle were trailed to the Targhee Forest 
about June 15, with the return trip home around 
October 15. Their Forest permits were acquired 
through Jess Harrop, an early friend of Tom Bond. 

Bonds purchased property in Spencer, which 
had an old house next to the Feliz Martinez home. It 
was used by "WifT and his family for the summer 
while he was with the cattle while they were on the 
sunmier range. They eventually ran about 1 ,200 head 
of Hereford cattle. Trailing the cattle to and from 
Spencer in the spring and fall was a family project that 
was quite a job, but one that the Bond family seemed 
to enjoy. It was a daylight to dark trail from the 
upper Medicine Lodge field into the Spencer 
stockyards. Ranger Lyman Richwine would count the 
cattle out of the gate, which in turn were trailed on to 
the Forest north of Spencer the following day. 

For two or three years Vemer Stcxidard, of 
Spencer, instigated a rodeo on the Forest at Stoddard 
Creek. Since the Bond's cattle were there handy, they 
were used as the stock for the rodeo for a couple of 
years. One of the first years, Stacy Bond and George 
Thomas assisted during the rodeo as judges, sitting on 
an open platform above the chutes. This was 
definitely a new experience for Stacy. The bleachers 
were logs strung across the nearby mountain side. 
Everybody brought their picnics, since it was the 
custom to gather at Stoddard Campground for an 
annual picnic. Helen had fried sage chickens for the 
family to eat for a picnic after the rodeo, not kmiwing 
everybody would eat together. Bernice Berry told her 
to go ahead and put them on the table. When the 
sheriff, "Sid" Close was eating a leg of the chicken, 
he said, "if this isn't sage chicken. I'll go get s*ime". 
Helen about died. Having lived only a shon time in 
Clark County, she didn't know "Sid" very well, nn 
that this was als<i one of his favorite dishes. 

Several sch(X)l teachers N^rded at the B^md 
Home. Lily Ester Christina Thomps^m asked ui stay 
while she finished the sch(xil year. There v^'i 
much rwm, so she share Bonnie's bed Other 
teachers r(Himing at their home, after llie> mined mto 
the Thomas home were Miss Augusta Evans arxl Mi.«ss 
Anna Colline. The teachers rixle to school in 
whatever tran.sportatii)n was available tor the kids 

With the grouth of the ranch, came the 
moving of the headquarters to Cedar Butte v^^ich jl.v> 
included the gixxl early v,-dicr rights of the upper 
ranches. New h.iy arxl grain tu-lds %Mth a new 



irrigating system and better soil condition were much 
more profitable at this location. 

Stacy and Helen were always quite involved 
with community activities. Soon after they arrived at 
Medicine Lxxige, the Rees Thomas family invited them 
to participate in the Community Church services held 
at the school house, where Helen was one of the 
teachers. Traveling to church in the winter was by 
sleigh with the Thomas family. Stacy served as a 
school trustee for the Medicine Lodge School District. 
They were active in local PTA and Grange, where 
they held offices. They assisted with the many 
community dances, pot luck dinners, community 
plays, school activities. The annual conmiunity Easter 
Dinner at the school was attended by families living 
here and those who wished to come back to visit old 
friends and relatives. A community dance, meant a 
midnight pot luck dinner or a box social, and dancing 
into the early morning hours, with the kids all 
snuggled sound asleep in the mounds of coats on the 
wooden benches, which included myself. Carl 
Leonardson was very good at calling some of the old 
time dances, such as the Virginia Reel. When the 
Medicine Lxxige Grange disband, the group used their 
funds to purchase a photograph which they used for 
their square dancing group. This included Stacy and 
Helen, Carl and Leah Leonardson, Paul and Mable 
Gauchay, Art and Maggie Edie and Leo and Bemice 
Berry. This group continued dancing for several 

Helen was the instigator of the Medicine 
Lodge school lunches. They began with the mothers 
taking turns have food for school at noon. This was 
usually a large pan of soup, which was kept warm on 
top of the big heatroUa in each room. Then one time 
the kids were served some real clambered tomato 
soup, which stopped that arrangement. So, Helen, 
Harriet Shenton and Bemice Berry, meet with the 
School Supt., Bess Pollock, and it was decided to hire 
a school cook, which was Pauline Gauchay Moore. 
She first cooked at the Teacherage, then the District 
built a lunch room, by reconstructing the north school 
entrance, into a kitchen. 

Stacy served fifteen years on the Selective 
Service System on the Clark County draft board, and 
some 18 years as director of the ASCS committee. 
When he retired from the latter office, Leland Small 
took his office. It was through the ASCS that much 
of the land leveling was accomplished on the Bond 
lower ranch, working with Wayne Allen. Orville Lim 
of Blackfoot operated the land leveling equipment at 

both the Bond and Small ranches. 

Stacy and Helen became involved with the 
Idaho Cattlemen's Association, and with the local 
committee promoting the Sun Valley, Yellowstone 

One of the old roadways used often by 
livestock men was the old CCC road. It ran from 
Dubois, by the Fred Storer (now Lower Webster 
Ranch), through Bonds property and on to Lidy Hot 

It was during 1951 the highway construction 
began from Dubois to the Salmon Highway. This 
also cut through the Bond ranch property. The first 
link just west of the Bond fence was completed by 
Kiewit Construction at that time. It is now known as 
the A-2 Highway. 

Stacy's health was affected following an 
accident while moving cattle out of Steele's pasture, 
south of the Beaver Canyon old townsite. He was on 
horseback alone in the swampy, willow field, when he 
apparently collided with a critter as he was attempting 
to move it out of the field. His horse went down, but 
when it got up, Stacy was off the horse, except for 
one foot in the stirrup. After he got free he managed 
to crawl quite some distance towards the 91 highway. 
He pulled himself up to the field fence and attempted 
to waive for help at passerbys, who waived back 
thinking he was repairing some of the fence. Vernon 
Jenson, however, decided to stop and came over to 
visit with him, to discover he was in trouble. Vernon 
caught his horse and loaded it and Stacy into the truck 
and drove them to Spencer. From here he called, 
Stacy's daughter, Bonnie, who was working at the 
Legion Cafe in Dubois at the time. She intum called 
her mother, Helen. They all met at the cafe, and, 
Bonnie drove her dad to the Idaho Falls Riverview 
hospital. Stacy spent 80 days in the hospital with a 
broken lower back, pelvis, injured bladder and 
ligaments torn around his heart. The doctor never 
could figure out how he managed to crawl as far as he 
did for help. The accident affected his heart, the same 
as if he had had a bad heart attack. After that the 
doctor advised him to go to a warmer climate for the 
winter. From then on they spent their winters in 

In 1962 another well was dug northeast of the 
lower ranch by the Charlie Cope Welling Drilling 
Company. The driller was Joe Spolarich, of Idaho 

The decision was made in 1962 by Stacy and 
Helen, to sell the ranch and retire, and spend their 


winters in Mesa. Partners, Wayne and "Tom" Bond 
had both previously passed away. In June of 1963 
they sold the ranch to Elman and Wanda Woodfield 
and family, of Odgen, Utah. 

In 1967 they were asked to join an Air Stream 
trailer group on a full year World Tour, The 
following year they left with eight other couples for 
one complete year. They all purchased motor homes 
in London, England, which they resold in New 
Zealand at the end of the tour. While their homes 
were transported by boat they took several trips by air 
to Kenya, Africa, India, China and other places of 
interest. About nine months later, while in New 
Geniue Stacy had another spell, putting him in the 
hospital for a week, and getting out just in time to 
catch the group on their way to New Zealand. After 
about five years his heart seemed to get worse, 
however, they continued to travel on many Air Stream 
Trailer tours, sometime they enjoyed having one of the 
grandchildren with them during the summer months. 

Stacy Vincent Bond was born May 19, 1909, 
the son of James Garfield and Edith Jane Sample Bond 
at Blackfoot, Idaho. He was raised and attended 
school at Blackfoot and at at Groveland. 

Helen Maria Lim Bond was bom August 31, 
1911, the daughter of Rulon Daniel nd Geneva Eliza 
Christiansen Lim at Pleasant Grove, Utah. She moved 
to Riverside, Idaho with her family when she was 2 
1/2 years old. Here she grew up on a farm and 
attended the Riverside school. 

Both Stacy and Helen lost their mothers when 
they were children, Stacy was just over five years of 
age, while Helen was 10 1/2 years old. 

Stacy and Helen were the parents of one 
daughter, Bonnie Jean. She married Kenneth Ross 
Stoddard. The Bonds have two grand children, David 
Stoddard and Vicki Jean Stoddard Beckman, as well 
as three great grandchildren— Devori W. and Sedar 
Milo Beckman and Ryan David Stoddard. 

Stacy and Helen spent the latter part of the 
summer of 1975 in Dubois at the home of their 
daughter and son-in-law, since he was not well. He 
was transported by the Dubois Lion's Club ambulance 
to the Idaho Falls Parkview Hospital the same night 
after the Clark County Fair was over. He passed 
away October 7, 1975 of congestive heart failure. His 
burial was in the Dubois Cemetery. 

Helen resides at her home in Mesa, Arizona 
during the winters and lives in Idaho Falls to be near 
her immediate family during the summer months. 
COMPILED BY BONNIK S1()l)l)ARI)/I)Al)(;irn:R/l«H)2 


Wavne. Freda Bond Smith. 
Stacy. Bonnie. Helen 

Wayne Garfield Bond, a cattle rancher and 
farmer of Medicine Lodge, remained a bacheK^r his 
entire life; he was well known for his mischievous 
smile and his good natured personality. 

He was born at Groveland, Idaho, April 15, 
1904, the oldest son of James Garfield and Edith Jane 
Sample Bond. He had three brothers. Stacy, 
Raymond, Norman, as well as three sisters, Fre^a, 
Gladys and Grace. When he was quite young he 
contacted rheumatic fever, which eventually 
contributed to his early death. 

As a young boy his mother would dress him 
in stylish knee length dresses with long dark stivkings 
and black shoes to match, then neatly curl his 
naturally curly hair in long dark brown ringleLs t\ir 
special occasions. This was all just tine until Wayne 
decided he was a boy and wanted no part of" that, and 
much to his mc^ther's dismay, cut off all his pre(t> 
long curls. 

Early elementary schooling v.~is at BlackttH>t 
Central and Gnweland, graduating from the BlacktiH»i 
high sch(X)l. He then ctmtinued to live on the F^'nd 
farm in Groveland, where he was joined by a brother, 
Stacy, raising p«)tatix.-s, hay, grain and livestivk. 

Wayne went into the cattle ranching basiness 
with his brother, Stacy and an uncle. Tom D*mx1 in 
1935. Eventually the u-io purcha.sed the J D Blis 
ranch at Small, Idaho, where Stacy and family arxl 
Wayne mewed in March, 1^39. 

Sunday seemed to become th.»t special 
"Homemade ChiKolate Ice-Cream Pay." at the IV'fxl 
home Wayne and his niece. B<mnir lt.'rxl. v,\xi\^ 
suirt tJie dav bv t;jlking her mother. Helen. mU) 


cx)oking up some good old homemade ice cream, made 
with lots of thick, rich, cows cream. Then he and 
Bonnie would get the ice-cream freezer, fill it with 
crushed ice and rock salt. It was a must to sample 
contents a number of times to make sure it was being 
frozen just right for Sunday dinner. It seemed like 
anytime there was a community gathering, a picnic at 
Lidys, we brought the homemade ice-cream. (The 
above photo shows the family enjoying a freezer of 
homemade ice-cream on the forest at Pleasant Valley.) 

Ice was stored each winter in a log ice-house 
on the Ellis place, located under a number of old 
Cottonwood trees, so the ice kept well throughout the 
sunmier. They would alternate layers of ice with 
sawdust, until the building was filled to the ceiling. 
Since there was no electricity on Medicine Lx)dge, this 
ice was used in the ice box in the kitchen and for such 
luxuries as homemade ice-cream. 

Transporting market cattle was not an easy 
task, but a full days job. Bonnie recalled many trips 
trailing to the Dubois Railroad stockyards by 
horseback with her uncle Wayne and dad. The cattle 
were loaded on a railroad car that had been sited there 
for the cattle by request. The return trip home after 
deUvery of the cattle was some eight miles horseback. 
On one such trip Bonnie's mother asked that they 
bring home a loaf of bread for supper, so she would 
not need to bake that day. So, Bonnie purchased a 
loaf at the Pilot Cash Store, and carried it home in her 
saddle bag. However, when she took it out to give it 
to her mother, she found it to be only a couple of 
inches thick. 

Wayne didn't mind long working hours in 
the fields. However, he didn't really enjoy being on 
the hay stack, when a load of hay would come down 
by him with a rattle snake in it. This was while they 
were still farming on the upper former Ellis and 
Thomas ranches. Wayne and a hired man, Elton 
Keele, usually worked together on the hay stacks. 
Elton's two eldest sons, Leo and "Don", also worked 
at the ranch, when not in school. Elton passed away 
in the early 40's, while still employed at the Bond 
ranch of ruptured appendicts at the Idaho Falls 
hospital. His family Uved in the building formerly 
occupied by the Bonds on west side of the creek. 
When Elton passed away he left his widow, and seven 
children. He was buried at the Groveland Cemetery. 
Two other brother's of Elton, Elmo and Elwood, were 
also employed at one time at the Bond ranch. The 
Keele family were close friends of Wayne and Stacy 
when they lived at Groveland. Elmo assisted in the 

potato harvest, while Elwood was an irrigator. 

Jack rabbits were a constant problem, causing 
considerable damage to the hay stacks. Stacks were 
fenced with a good gate. In the afternoon the gate 
was opened, then very late at night someone would 
make sure the yards were full of rabbits, then close 
the gate. Hundreds of rabbits were captured by 
families and neighbors who would get together and 
travel by sleighs, each with a big club to 

"WifP Waring. Leo & "Don" Keele 
Stacv. & Wayne 

eliminate the rabbits. Wayne and the ranch irrigator, 
Duke Vale, decided to salvage the skins to sell to a 
hide dealer. Rabbits were hauled back from the 
stackyards to a shed to be skinned, after which each 
hide, one by one, was stretched on a triangle shaped 
wire frame until they were ready for market. Many 
of the ranchers attempted this same task. 

Christmas was a fun holiday for Wayne. Not 
having any family of his own, he made it a pretty 
special time for his niece, Bonnie, since they always 
lived in the same household at the ranch. He made a 
point of talking about a gift he would like old Santa to 
bring him, then he would sneak a box under the 
family tree for her. Togetiier everyday until 
Christmas they would guess together what might be in 
the package. Of course, he always added some hard 
tack candy to make it rattle well. Money was scarce, 
but it was the littie things he did that made those 
Christmas memories of the past so special. 

Wayne was a good friend of the hired men at 
the ranch. If they needed supplies ft"om Dubois, he 
would drive them in anytime; maybe they would take 
in a dance, or go to Lidy Hot Springs for a swim; 
they went to rodeos at such places as Lidys, Spencer 


or Kilgore; often they attended the weekly movie in 
Dubois at the Theo Theatre or just enjoyed a night out 
on the town with friends. One such Saturday night 
was at a Kilgore Dance around 1941. About the time 
the dance ended all the cowboys were looking for their 
hats, finding them under uncle Wayne's car. Come to 
find out the one hired man, "Jess", had decided to 
hide hats all night, and since Wayne's car was locked 
he just slipped them under the car. Needless to say 
that this caused somewhat of a problem. 

Waylette Gauchay, a neighbor and Wayne, 
although not the same age, were good friends and 
enjoyed getting together and away from the ranch 
work for awhile. 

When Wayne was in his early 40's he had his 
first stroke, which affected the left side of his body, 
including his face and arm quite badly. He worked 
very hard to overcome this problem. Later Wayne 
passed away due to a heart attack, at the Pocatello 
hospital, March 16, 1948. He was buried in the Bond 
family plot in Blackfoot. 



Charles and Edith Bowen celebrated their 50th 
wedding anniversary at an Open House in Dubois, 
September 26, 1992. 

They were married September 27, 1942 in 
Sedalia, Missouri. He served in the Air Force until 
1946, then lived in Austin, Texas. They then lived in 
Richland Center, Wisconsin for a year running a dairy 
farm. They farmed in Ashton and Monteview, Idaho 
from 1948-59. He was employed in 1960 at the US. 
Sheep Experiment Station, retiring in 1979. They 

owned and ran the Lawson Store in Spencer from 
1961-64. She served as the Spencer Postmaster from 
1961-75, and became the Dubois Postmaster in 1975, 
retiring in 1985. They are both active in the 
Conmiunity Baptist Church. They reside in Spencer 
and spend their summers in Alaska fishing. Charles 
continues to drive a bus route for the Clark County 
School District, which he has done since 1979. 

They are the parents of "Pat" B<3wen and Irma 
Lamb of Anchorage, Alaska; Mary Grover of Dubois; 
Angela Black of Ashton; and Todd Bowen of McCall. 
They have 12 grandchildren and 6 greatgrandchildren. 



Grant and Norma 

It was the Spring of 1953. The Federal 
Government had Just opened up the "De.sert l:nu-> 
Land Act" which gave an individual an opp^»rtumt> lo 
file on 320 acres (one half section of land). To 
acquire Desert Entry, one had to first file on ii 
through the government, and then one had three (3) 
years to improve it and have part of it under irrigation 
within that pericxJ of time in order to obuin oU> to 
the same. I became interested in the Montevieu area 
that year for two reasons: first, the land uas cheaper 
there to than in the area vshere I u-a.s 
presently farming, which was in Rexburg. Id.ih«\ arxl 
.second, becau-se of the De.sert Lnu^ 1 jnd Act uhich 
had opened up available tracts of land tv^r tiling 
Several o\ these- lands were l.vated in tlx- Monteview 
are^. This was all a k-ckomng ch.illenge to nK. vO 
M)ld my home arxl eighty acres in the HibKird arc*. 


Rexburg, Idaho, and purchased a home on 160 acres 
in Monteview. I moved my young family to that area 
the summer of 1953. This gave me the advantage to 
become acquainted with the area, and also the eligible 
lands available for filing. 

While living in Monteview and traveling all 
over that country, I became highly impressed with the 
area that lay just north of the Wagoner Canal which 
lies in Clark county. It was the consensus, at that 
time, that the Wagoner Canal was situated as far north 
as any feasible irrigation development could be made 
as far as an irrigation canal system was concerned. 
This was prior to the irrigation 
system of sprinkling as we know it today. As a matter 
of fact, "Tom" Wagoner, himself, told me, that it was 
foolish to even consider moving any further north of 
his canal system as he had already checked it out and 
looked it over and considered it impossible to do. In 
my study of the area, I found that many of the parcels 
of land that lay within the boundaries of my proposal 
were owned by people who had homesteaded and 
received titie to them prior to the first World War. 
Many of these families lived in the Washington and 
Oregon areas then. We searched the records, finding 
the owners names, and we made a trip to Spokane, 
Washington, and contacted several owners of these 
tided lands in Clark county. The families we 
contacted still held tiie original tities on said lands and 
had kept the taxes current, almost uselessly, so they 
felt. We contacted a Mr. Clarence R. Miller, who 
was one of these owners. He told me that much of 
the land which lay within those boundaries in Clark 
county had been surveyed by the Federal Government 
and funds had been appropriated to develop that area 
by bringing water out of Henry's Lake in the Island 
Park area to irrigate these lands, so the Government 
released properties for homesteading and gave titie to 
several fanulies who took advantage of this 
opportunity. Mr. Miller also told me of the harshness 
of those days. They and their families rode the train 
to Hamer, tiie closest point to where their land lay, 
and then walked across and carried their belongings. 
They hand dug their wells, cribbing them as they dug, 
to obtain their culinary water, wells that were one 
hundred feet deep, or more. There were evidences of 
these wells, as well as cement cisterns still remaining 
when we started our development. Their hardships 
were so great that it took its toll on parents and 
children alike. Today, there still remains a small 
fenced area of unmarked graves to identify previous 
occupation. The Miller family buried their baby boy 

there, and asked us to look for his grave. We never 
found it. 

Mr. Miller also told me tiiat World War I was 
declared, and the appropriated ftmds for the water 
development in that area were depleted because of the 
war, and it left these fanulies without irrigation water, 
so tiiey left as they had come, walking back to board 
the fain at Hamer, carrying only tfiat which they 
could carry, and leaving the rest behind along with 
their homes, their furnishings, shattered dreams, and 
the remains of loved ones in scattered unmarked 

We purchased several of these tided lands to 
start our development. Otiier land owners in the area 
were the Laird families, Doschades family, Stoddard 
family, and "Joe" Hartwell family, to name a few, 
which all eventually came under the development. 
This location was used mainly by the livestock people 
as a winter range for their sheep and cattie. Another 
point of interest; this area was a wintering place for 
Chief Joseph and his tribe. We have evidence of his 
culture through the arrowhead collection and otiier 
Indian relics our family found while living there. 

With the acquisition of some of these 
properties, we hired an engineer. Jay Painter of Idaho 
Falls, to survey for an irrigation system. We 
determined through this survey, that all lands from the 
Wagoner canal on the south boundary running north 
approximately two miles into Clark county could be 
irrigated under the proposed first development. These 
lands had an ideal slope to the soutii for gravity 
irrigation - thus the name "South Slope Farms" was 
bom. When our survey was completed, we had to file 
through State and Federal offices to drill wells and 
build the needed canal. To file for the right-of-way 
was a tedious task, because we had to identify each 
forty acre plot that the proposed canal would pass 
through. Many of the marks describing the sections 
of ground were not more than a chisel mark on a lava 
rock placed tiiere years ago when the land was first 
surveyed. With the filing completed, we hired the 
Andrew Well Drilling Company of Idaho Falls to 
begin drilling. Our wells were very successful, 
approximately one hundred twelve feet deep, drilled 
through solid lava rock and requiring no well casing, 
with a lift of less than eighty feet. I personally built 
every inch of the canal to bring the water down with 
a large H-D 19 bulldozer. By this time, tiie power 
was brought in to our wells by Utah Power and Light 
and the summer season of 1956 was over. The Soutii 
Slope Farm development eventually became so 


expensive, and being classified as an unimproved 
agricultural area, that I was unable to obtain financing 
for ftirther development. I could see the great 
potential of this area, but, unfortunately, financial 
sources did not share my enthusiasm. I then contacted 
J. A. Terteling and Sons, Inc. of Boise, Idaho, who 
already held title to some lands in the radius of my 
irrigation system. However, they had never been able 
to develop a source of water for them. They were 
delighted and proposed a partnership agreement which 
I decUned, and I elected to sell "The Project" which 
we called it, to them. They were a large, financially 
sound corporation, and I knew I could not compete 
with them. The provision for the buyout was: I would 
stay there and manage the development and all future 

We completed the transaction, then moved to 
housing, Army housing which was purchased from 
Mountain Home Air Force Base which the 
Government was selling that had been built during the 
war. We moved in several homes, surveyed and 
cleared more land, drilled more irrigation and culinary 
wells, and extended the original irrigation system. 
The Terteling Company elected to lease lands to 
farmers, and to farm a limited acreage themselves 
which established a community in the area. 

I moved my family to South Slope Farms the 
summer of 1957. We had four little children by then, 
the youngest being two years old, and my wife, 
Norma, would not move out until I had fenced a yard 
for the children to play in safely, and had planted a 
lawn. We have two boys. Lane M. and Bradford C, 
and two daughters, Pamela and Shawna. 

and the area blossomed like the rose. 




We brought a number of families from several 
areas throughout Idaho, one of those families being 
another Bowen, Charles Bowen, who elected U> 
remain there with his family after the rest of us left. 
The Kenneth Tuckett family also elected to remain 
there. We planted trees, grass, gardens, and flowers, 



We appreciate, very much, Lynn Thomas, the 
Clark County Road and Bridge Supervisor, for it u-as 
through his cooperation that we had graded arvJ well 
kept roads through the project. Early in the 
development, Clark county oiled the Monteview 
Highway from Lidy Hot Springs to the Jefferson 
county line, giving us a paved road into Dubois. 

It was, and is still, a great sense of 
accomplishment to be a part of bringing an arid area 
to life, and to see it flourish and grow to what it has 
become today in 1989. Perhaps, the best pan of all. 
was the happiness we enjoyed by brushing sh^nilJers 
with the finest of people and being able to traffic with 
the great and wonderful people of Clark count> u horn 
we came to love arxl who made our stay there one of 
the highlights of our lives. 

"The Project" as we called it in the beginning, 
was a happy and adventuresome part of our life- lo 
ride our horses and make new discoveries and hunt 
arrow heads and the Indian relic-to build forts in the 
sagebrush and battle the rattlesnake for a right to be 
there-to swim at Lidy Hot Springs, and to .share it all 
with excited and exploring children and the childrens' 
friends, leaves wonderful memories. Memories so 
grand that our children still return \snih their children 
for just a brief moment to see if they can once again 
recapture the joy of childhixxl d.iys out where the 
coyotes still howl, and antelope and rabbit still run. 
and sage grouse drummed in the spring covering the 
desert as far as the eye could see. It was a wonderful 
place where little children explored a vast arvJ exciting 
plain with visioas of Indian and buffalo Thoy 
watched the pheas;inLs and s;jge chickens rixi>t side b> 
side on the power lines until they almost touched the 
ground, in the quiet arxl (x-aceful summer evmnv-s on 

the desert. 

( oMiMi 11) H v (fHA^r ^< bqw^n 



Patrick Bowen, son of Charles and Edith 
Bowen of Spencer, Idaho and 1961 Clark County high 
school graduate, became a praised pilot following a 
mishap in November, 1986 that could have ended in 

A pilot for Arco Alaska Inc., Patrick was 
landing a 727 jetliner when the nosegear failed to 
drop. He made a successful emergency landing, 
skidding the nose section of the plane on foam that 
airport emergency crews had laid on tiie runway at 
Anchorage International Airport. The plane was 
carrying 109 passengers and six crew members, none 
of >\1iom were reported injured. 

"The pilot was Capt. Patrick Bowen," said 
Federal Aviation Administration spokesman Paul 
Steucke, "he did a great job of bringing it down, no 
doubt about it." 

Patrick now lives in Anchorage vn^ his wife. 

Charles and EdiA Bowen enjoy having their 
sons visit tiiem at home in Spencer. Son, Todd 
Bowen quite frequently flies in from Phoenix, 
Arizona, while Pat, arrives in Idaho Falls also, from 

They all manage to stUl spend hunting season 
with their parents in Spencer. 



Fred and Coral Boyce moved to Clark County 
in 1952. They lived on Medicine Lodge where, he 
was employed by the Walstrom Brothers, who were 
engaged in farming on the lower lodge. 

Their family included six dau^ters: Mary 
Boyce Small, Beth Boyce Howard, Afton Boyce 
Richmond, Rea Boyce England, Beverly Boyce 
Williams, and Marchele Boyce Neil. 

Fred and Coral were married October 28, 
1929 in Bingham County, at Shelley, Idaho. This too 
was their first home. 

While living on Medicine Lodge several of 
their children attended school in Dubois. Afton, and 
Rea graduated from Clark County High School. 
Beverly also attended high school, and Marchele was 
in grade school. Beverly was a high school cheer 

leader at Clark County with Elaine Rasmussen and 
Betty Holden. Mary became tiie wife of Leland Small 
in 1954 and continued to live on Medicine Lodge at 
the Small ranch. 

Fred has since passed away. 

Coral resides in Rigby with her daughter, 
Beverly. She celebrated her 85th birthday on 
November 17, 1990. 



The Reverend Miss Julia Brand, who served 
as pastor of the Dubois Community Baptist Church 
since 1960, accepted a call to serve two small 
churches in Blaine and Marietta, Washington in July 
of 1%8. The area was located near her home town of 
Bellingham, Washington, where her mother was living 
at that time. 

One of tiie major conmiunity projects she 
undertook, wMe in Dubois, was the founding of a 
Conmiunity library. Throu^ her untiring efforts, flie 
Caboose, donated by the Union Pacific Railroad was 
painted, fixed up and filled up with shelves and books. 
It became well known as "The Book Caboose" and the 
community was proud of it. 

This project was a natural for Miss Brand, as 
she had one year of library study in Washington State, 
did library work to pay her college expenses, and was, 
herself an avid reader. After two years of teachers 
training and the one year of library study, she was 
doing library work >\1ien the depression hit, but still 
soon found herself unemployed. Her home church in 
Bellingham was carrying on Christian work where 
pastors had left the field and hadn't been replaced, so 
she started gospel team activity, serving five areas 
where there were three Baptist churches. Because the 
state secretary decided it would be good for her to 
have more training, she went to the Berkeley Baptist 
Divinity School to study, just prior to World War 11, 
Upon completion of her schooling tfiere she was 
employed in church missionary work in Seattle and 
Great Falls, Montana. In 1946, in a ceremony 
performed in Great Falls, she was ordained so tiiat she 
could apply for rural pastors. Later she was pastor of 
the Crow Indian Reservation in Montana. She served 
the Roberts Conununity Church for five years before 
coming to Dubois. 


Miss Brand was also secretary to Supt. David 
Ross at the Clark County High School. 

She was honored by a community pot-luck 
dinner before she left Dubois. During the evening 
she received several special honors. She was 
presented a plaque, on behalf of the Dubois Lions 
Club, for recognition of her dedicated community 
service, presented by Howard Johnston. 

Vicki Leonardson, on behalf of the Fellowship 
Guild girls, presented her with a "tote-bag" and 
scrapbook that they had made for her. The cover of 
the book was made by Beverly Johnson, each girl in 
the Guild had completed a page, with original poems, 
well-wishes and snapshots. 

Nancy Frederiksen, on behalf of Miss Brand's 
many friends, presented her with a typewriter, and a 
gift of money from friends and the Ladies Aid, and 
they also assisted her with her moving. 

Drivers of the U-Haul which moved her 
personal belongings were Charlie and George Johnson. 
Mrs. Helen Johnson and daughter, Beverly, left in 
their car to pick up the boys, and later returned to 

Miss Brand has since passed away around 
1986 in the state of Washington. 



"Gus". Charlie Hibbert. "Linda" 
Dorothy Lena 

"Gus" was born in Amsterdam, Holland, 
October 20, 1879. His parents were converted to the 
LDS Church in 1886 and moved to Ogden Desert 
Territory in 1887. As he grew up, "Gas" lived in 
Ogden and Salt Lake City, Utah, Ucon, Idaho and 
Butte, Montana. 

In 1898 he homesteaded on SE 1/4, Sec. 29, 

T13N, R39E, BM, called it the Heart Fail Ranch, and 
started raising cattle. His right to 2.4 cfs of water out 
of Warm creek was dated 1898. 

On September 6, 1905 he married Melinda 
Hibbert Bennett, a young widow with 3 small boys, 
Thomas Lloyd, Parley LeRoy, and Eugene Hibbert, 
from Glendale, east of Preston, Idaho. Mrs. Bennett 
had spent several summers in the Kilgore area cooking 
for her brother, Charies Hibbert. 


The Brauers had one daughter, Dorothy Lena, 
bom in a log cabin at the ranch May 24, 1912. Dr. 
De Hart deUvered the httle girl. 

The Brauers built a new barn in 1915, one of 
the largest in Camas Meadows, and uiih its tin roof 
still a prominent landmark in the Meadem's. They 
built a new home in 1917. In the following years the 
family took an active part in all activities typical of a 
small, rather isolated western American ranch 

In World War I, it was helping \Mih War 
Bond drives and the Red Cross. At all time.s, it v,-2s 
helping with all activities that benetued the 

Mrs. Brauer died March 6, 1936 and u-as 
buried at Glendale. 

In 1941, "Gus" .sold his ranch and during the 
years of World War II spent the \Mnters in U^s 
Angeles repairing street cars, and the .summers in the 

"Gus" -served two term.s (1^^2-44 and I^U4 
46) in the Idaho State Legislature as the Repre.senuiive 
from Clark County. 

On February 16. I'M8 he married Jeanettr 
Prall Adams, and moved to Caldwell where he died 
December 10, 1970 He is buried in the Cald^^rll 


(Lloyd - Co. A. Machine Gun Hn . 41st 
Div. A.E.F.. Feb 12. 18^X1. Sam. M.n 8. I'XX) 
Sept. 6. 1905.) 


Melinda Hibbert Bennett Brauer was 
outstanding, typical of the pioneer women who helped 
to settle and build that part of western America that is 
now Idaho and Utah. 

She was born in Enterprise, Desert Territory, 
February 15, 1870, the fifth of ten children bom to 
Mary Mills and Benjamin Hibbert. Both Mary and 
Benjamin were Mormon converts from Manchester, 
England. Both crossed the Plains with different 
handcart companies. 

Melinda Hibbert grew up in Peterson, 
Enterprise, Bountiful and Woods Cross, all in Deserett 

On February 12, 1890 she married Samuel 
James Bennett from Winder, Idaho. They lived on a 
farm at Glendale, about 10 miles northeast of Preston, 
Idaho. To them were bom 4 boys, James Ray, died 
3 days after birthday, bom December 29, 1890; 
Thomas Lloyd, June 3, 1892; Parley LeRoy, March 
22, 1894; and Eugene Hibbert, December 10, 1896. 



Frank and Fannie 
Katherine and Hugh 

Frank and Fannie Breil, one time employees 
of the Wood Live Stock Company, were both bom in 
Vienna, Austria-he on March 20, 1879, and she May 
6, 1881. At the age of 14, Mr. Breil was taken out of 
school to leam the trade of tailoring. He studied at 
this for three years, working from 5 am to 8 pm with 
no pay. He then took up women's tailoring, working 
for $3.00 a week, witii room and board, for two 
years. In 1899 Vienna had a depression. Frank had 
no job and Uved on a cup of coffee and one roll every 
day for three months. 

It was compulsory in Austria for all men to 

join the army for three years between the ages of 21 
and 24. In the army his pay was six pennies a day. 
When he was discharged from the army he went back 
to Vienna, where he married Mrs. Breil. 

Fannie 's aunt gave them $1,000 with which 
they established a retail store. However, after three 
years of hard, but unsuccessful work, they went 
bankrupt. Frank then went back to tailoring. 

However, the Breils were not destined to 
remain in Vienna. Her aunt, Mrs. J.D. Wood, who 
lived in Idaho, sent them tickets to come to America. 
Although Frank couldn't speak a word of English, he 
managed to get a job in Camas, Idaho, working on a 
farm. He earned $20 a month working in the field all 
day and milking 14 cows before breakfast and after 
supper, while Mrs. Breil cooked for 20 men, without 

From Camas they went to a ranch in Sheridan, 
Wyoming, where Frank was foreman for eight years. 
He was able to speak English fairly well by this time. 
While on this ranch Frank sent for Austrian books and 
papers. However, World War I stopped this European 
news and he began reading American literature only. 
This increased his knowledge of his adopted country 
and helped him to leara the language better. 

In 1919 the Breils moved to Idaho Falls. 
Finding no job there, they washed laundry for 36 
families a week. For four years they were employed 
at the Central school in Idaho Falls. 

They then went to Spencer, Idaho, where they 
worked for the Wood Live Stock Company. Here 
Fannie cooked for one hundred men for six years, and 
he worked at the WLS Company Conmiissary. After 
the company went "broke" they moved back to Idaho 
Falls, where they served for 31 years as custodians of 
the O.E. Bell Junior High School. 

Frank and Fannie were the parents of two 
children, Katherine Rose and Hugh C. Katherine 
married Harry J. Martin, who was also employed by 
the Wood Live Stock Company, and in 1943 was 
foreman of the Hagenbarth Livestock Company near 
Dillon, Montana. They had one child, Marian, who 
is now Mrs. Dean Li(jenquist of Idaho Falls. 
Katherine Breil Martin died in 1930. Mr. Martin later 
married Mrs. Lottie Hardy in Arco in 1938. She was 
a sister of former Gov. C.A. Bottolfsen. 

The BreU's son, Hugh, died May 30, 1951. 
Frank Breil passed away April 12, 1958, and Fannie 
passed away March 24, 1960. Both are buried at the 
Rose Hill Cemetery in Idaho Falls. 





Hugh Charles Breil, was a veteran of World 
War 11 and recipient of the Bronze Star for bravery in 
action in Italy and Africa with the 88th Division. 

He was born August 30, 1912 at Kilgore, 
Idaho, the son of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Breil. 

On January 22, 1949 he and Elsie Edwards 
were married in Idaho Falls. He had one stepson. 
Dean Edwards. 

Hugh was well known in Idaho Falls, where 
he was a member of the Eagles Lodge and the 
American Legion. 

He passed away at his home in Idaho Falls 
and is buried at the Rose Hill Cemetery. 



Virgil and Stella Brown Children 
Shirley. Bettv. Charles, .fames 

While the family of Charles E. Brown lived in 
Dubois for a relatively short period of time in the 
mid-to-late 1960's, they are well remembered, 
primarily for their association with the Clark County 
Rodeo Association. 

The rodeo at that time was held on the Roy 
Laird property, east of Dubois. It was later moved to 
its present location north of the townsite. "Chuck", as 

Charles Brown was known, served a term as president 
of the association. In fact, his entire family shared his 
love for horses and they were all involved in rodeo 
activities or merely riding horses whenever an 
opportunity presented itself. 

Another activity Chuck enjoyed was "going to 
the timber" with his friends Dutch Doschades and 
Buster Richardson where they got out hundreds of 

Charles and Darlene Brown lived on Oakely 
Avenue in the home now owned by Jack Hen^sley, 
located between the houses now owned by Ida May 
Cook and Dave and Bonnie Burns. Chuck )A-as 
working with the Union Pacific Railroad on the 
Dubois section. They had three daughters-Glynis, 
Tina, and Robin~and a son, Daniel C. The girls 
attended grade school in Dubois. 

Charles E. Brown was born July 30, 1929 to 
Virgil and Stella Brown in Wheeling, Missouri. He 
served in the U. S. Navy during the Korean War. 
Chuck married Darlene Peterson on March 8, 1953 in 
Dell, Montana. Shortly after their marriage, they 
moved to Oregon where he worked as a concrete 
finisher. They returned to Lima three years later 
where Chuck went to work with the Union Pacific 
Railroad, being sent out on various sections, including 
Dubois. They made their home at Red Rivck. 
Montana at the time of his retirement in 1986. 

A commentary from his children reads: "Dad 
never lost his temper or made us feel ashamed. Even 
when we messed up he was there to comfort and help 
us. He was quiet, strong, and non- judgmental His 
strength and love were quietly shown to us in his 
willingness to stand beside us and share in our choices 
and decisions. Dad was a man of few words, but 
many deeds for all who knew him. What D^d mejnt 
to us children was 'Love'." 

The Browns have six grandchildren. Chuck 
passed away January' 2, 1^)88 and was buried at the 
Lima Community Cemeter\. Darlene is now making 
her home in Lima. Montana. 

DANIKL A. "Art" BRI(.(.S 

"Art" Bripgs. a Galgher (inyon 
homesteader, was Umni\ m-arly dead in his cabm. New 
Years Day. 1^)47. by mail carrier William "Bill* 
Ellis, and friends. 



Briggs was born in Salt Lake City, Utah and 
in 1910 joined three brothers and a sister in Teton, 

In 1917 he moved to Galagher Canyon near 
Winsper. He lived by himself; and apparently never 
married. In the summer months he operated his 
homestead, then during the winter months he would 
usually go back to Teton to live with a brother, 
George A. Briggs. 

Mr. Briggs had failed to call for his 
Christmas presents and other mail at the Winsper Post 
Office, so the Winsper route mail carrier decided that 
it might be a good idea to check on him. Mr. Ellis 
took him to an Idaho Falls hospital where he died of 
what they said was frozen feet. 

Surviving at the time of his death were two 
brothers and a sister, B.T. Briggs, and Mrs. Clara 
Anderson of Salt Lake City, Utah and George A. 
Briggs of Teton. Graveside services and interment 
were conducted at the Salt Lake City Cemetery. 






Sidney Earl Brown was born in Piano, Idaho, 
May 31, 1894, the son of Joseph S.and Wealthy May 
Brown. At a very early age was he bereft of his 
father, who was killed enroute to his sisters funeral. 
His mother gathered her children a little closer and 
faced the future with determination and fortitude. 

Earl moved with his mother to join his brother 
where they stayed two years. They returned to Piano 
where he attended school and after graduating from 
elementary school, he attended one year at Ricks 
College. On October 8, 1914, he married Rachel 
Lucas in the Salt Lake Temple. Their first years 

were indeed pioneer days, all work done with horses, 
and sulky plows, the grain drilled with horses, and 
combined the same way. Earl drove the horses and 
Rachel sewed the sacks of grain, he drove cattle from 
Woodrow to Hamer. Earl hauled grain from 
Woodrow to Dubois to load and ship in a train. This 
is how they were able to build a beautiful farm and 
one of the top grade Hereford herds. 

Rachel Lucas, was born in 1897, at Piano, 
Idaho. The seventh daughter of Hyrum and Josephine 
Lucas. She went to school in Union, Oregon. She 
learned at an early age how to work in the woolen 
mills, and picking cherries for 15 cents a gallon, in a 
prune factory when she was ten. With no sons in the 
family, she had to work on the farm with her father. 
She was an excellent cook and homemaker. She also 
served twice as Relief Society president. 

Earl and Rachel had three children: Selma 
Brown (married Donald Jeppsen), Geneva Brown 
(married Ray Sanders) and Sidney Earl Brown, Jr. 
(married Marie Surey). 

In 1919 they purchased a farm in Hamer; so 
began their expansion of farms and cattle. He enjoyed 
being a community builder and was instrumental in 
consolidating the Centerville school with Hamer. He 
was trustee for three terms, acting as clerk. 

In the spring we moved to Hamer, and in June 
the cattle were driven to Kilgore, with the Hillman 
herd. Earl's cattle were taken to East Camas and 
Chin creek. In the sunmier time Dad would help 
Hillmans put up their wild hay, and put up his own; 
he ran the buckrake. We also had dry farm grain. 

In the fall of 1950, they had cattle to be sold. 
"Sid" and Marie took the first load, dad and mother 
were going to take the second load, however, mother 
hadn't been feeling well, so Dad and "Sid" took them. 
For some reason the truck tipped over, and a car 
coming toward them ran into the truck and they were 
both killed. 

Marie gave birth to a son, Sidney, on 
September 23, 1950, just ten days following the 
accident that took the life of her husband. "Sid" and 
Marie were also the parents of an older daughter, 

After Rachel's husband and son were killed, 
she moved to Rexburg, Idaho, and built a new home. 
She continued to live there until her death the 26th of 
June 1983. She enjoyed working at Shirley's 
Hamburger Stand and at the Classic Shop in Rexburg. 
Many of the ranchers of the area stopped at Shirleys 
just to eat one of her superb hamburgers and to visit 


when she had time. 

Marie Brown eventually married "JefT 

"Sid", her son, now ranches in Hamer, along 
with his wife, "Jan" (Evans). Their children include: 
Lisa, Spencer, Nicole and Stephanie, Lisa married 
Blake Kirkpatrick in 1991. They also reside in 

H"V V" / ^Vf . 

' ^ , a'^'***^ **'*'■ 


Ray and Geneva Sanders then moved back to 
Hamer to run the farm and cattle in partnership with 
Mother Rachel Brown. 

Ray was bom September 18, 1911, at Lima, 
Montana, the son of Joseph L. "Bud" and Nancy Ellen 
"Nell" Thompson Sanders. He received his education 
in Lima, Montana and Hamer, and Rexburg, Idaho. 

Ray was a cattle rancher and lived in Hamer 
for 37 years. He had also lived in Goshen. 

On October 1, 1936, he married Geneva Nell 
Brown in the Salt Lake City LDS Temple. 

Ray and Geneva sold their farm at 
Goshen, Idaho, bought 400 acres at Monteview, and 
also the "Ray" Bohney place at Hamer. 

The Forest Service was going into a Rest 
Rotation system of grazing, so Sanders had to buy the 
Smith Kent place in Kilgore, and later the Art Barney 
place. They were on the West Camas Allotment with 
Hillmans and Mortensens. Rachel sold part of her 
holdings to the Bird Refuge, and we bought the rest of 
it, and also Woodrow. 

They were active members of the LDS 
Church. Ray served in the high priest group 
presidency, Sunday School presidency and they both 
served as missionaries to Albuquerque, New Mexico. 

He had been a school board U-ustee, West 
Jefferson High SchcK)l PTA president, member of the 
Targhee Forest Advisory Board, a member of the 
Idaho Cattle Association, National Cattlemen's 
Association, Idaho and American Hereford 

Associations, president of the West Camas Cattle 
Association, and a charter member of the Hamer 
Lions Club. 

Ray and Geneva, had six children; Norma Sanders 
was killed in a car wreck in 1956, near Medicine 
Lodge; Dean Sanders is farming at Monteview; 
Barbara Sanders Shupe is living in Las Cruces, New 
Mexico; Reed Sanders runs the farm and cattle for us 
in Hamer; Renae Sanders Zollinger lives in Salem, 
Idaho, they operate the Credit Bureau of Eastern 
Idaho; and Darrel is in Huntington Beach, California 
working in a bank and going to school. 

David Ray Sanders passed away at the age of 
80, February 12, 1992, at their family home in Idaho 
Falls due to a stroke. He and Geneva had been living 
there since their retirement. He was buried at the 
Fielding Memorial Park in Idaho Falls. 



Louie Irene Laird Bulfer was K)rn July 16. 
1910, the second daughter of Joseph Alben Laird and 
Louie Dell Davidson Laird. She was born at the 
family home in Dubois, Idaho. Her schcxiling began 
in the Dubois School in September, 1916, graduating 
from the eighth grade May, 1925 and from DuK>is 
High School May 24,1929. Louie then attended the 
University of Idaho, Southern Branch, Pivatello, 

A fun loving person, Louie u-as aU-ay-s 
surrounded by friends. She loved to dance and swim 
at Lidy hot Springs. Many stories oi the old tjme 
chicories and candy making and tun created events m 
the home are related by Louie. She \o\x^ plays arxl 
was noted for her acting ability in high schixil a.s well 
as her skills in basket ball and other sjHirLs. 

Each summer the family s"pent a month o\ so 
in Island Park where their father had soimmer range 
for the sheep. The lambs were shipfvd from Big 
Springs in the fall. The whole family went to nxleo's 
and to the summer dances at Pond's I.*Klge and Big 
Springs. These were especially enjoyed by the i^ldor 
girls who were of dating age. It was here tlut I «>uje 
met her future hu.sKind, Daniel luJwin Bulfer. a Ihtcsi 
Service Ranger, and a n.Uive (A the sLUe o\ lowj 

"Dan" and "Uni" were married at the honv i>f 
her parents in DuK'is. LLiho. November 18. X'^'S'l 
They were nuirried by Bi.sliop Jame^ Laird, an uncle 


of the bride. 

Their first home was at St. Anthony, Idaho. 
They were later transferred to Logan, Utah. Many 
states were to be home, Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, 
Minnesota, Florida, Washington D. C, Idaho and in 
1959 they moved to Portland, Oregon and have since 
resided there. 

Mr. Bulfer spent 47 years with the U.S. 
Forest Service and was a member of the 
agency's" 30-year" Club. He served as chief of 
personnel for Region 6, encompassing Oregon, 
Washington, and Idaho. In 1%5 he received the 
Department of Agriculture's Superior Service Award. 
He was a member of University Lodge 351 AF&AM 
of Columbus, Ohio, and the Willamette Yacht Club. 

He was a veteran of the Air Force, in which 
he held the rank of Major. While he was in the Pacific 
during the war Louie came home to Dubois to live 
with their two children, Edwin George Bulfer and 
Karol Lou Bulfer Nelson. Both have very fond 
memories of life in Idaho with grandparents and 
Uncles, Aunts and Cousins. 

One outstanding enjoyment of the family after 
moving to Portland was their boat, a sea going vessel. 
They made many cruises on the boat, learning to 
navigate, and had many friends at the Yatch Club 
cook outs, parties, and great fun sharing with family 
and friends. The couple had always had a very active 
social life. 

As a couple "Dan" and "Lou" did some 
traveling, to Hawaii, several cruises to Alaska and a 
Caribbean Cruise. They flew to Arizona and bought 
some retirement property near to the Mexican Border. 

In November, 1982 the couple celebrated their 
Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary. 

Following several illnesses "Dan" Bulfer died 
April 13, 1983 at Portland, Oregon. Graveside 
services were held in Dubois, Idaho conducted by 
Bishop Dale Willes. Interment was in the Dubois 

Louie continues to make her home in 
Portland. She has done some traveling but mostly 
enjoys her family. Both of her children live in the 
Portland area. There are four grandchildren and five 
great grandchildren. She always enjoys visiting in 
Dubois with family members and friends. 



When I entered school for the second year of 
my education, my teacher was Mr. Browning. School 
was held in the school house of logs, then situated in 
the southwest comer of the J. D. Ellis property. For 
some (I'm sure good) reason I remember and wish to 
record part of my pleasant memories of this fine 
couple, Mr. and Mrs. Browning, who at community 
gatherings or parties were pretty much the "life of the 
affair." I remember this fine young couple mainly 
because of a song that they were urged to sing at 
almost every community get-to-gether. I shall give 
here what I can best remember of the song that had 
such meaning and typified the "West" to a T. 

In this song a young man is deeply in love 
with his sweetheart and very much wants to go west 
and is trying to persuade his sweetheart to marry him 
and then together go west. His sweetheart countered 
with disadvantages of such a move. The young man 
finally won out and the two lovers ended up singing, 
as a duet, the chorus of the song. 



Burnside Family and Home 

Grandpa & Grandma Burnside. .Tohn. 

.Tames(father). Robert. Marv(mother) 

Lillian. Ruth. Arthur. Levlia. 

Henry. Zilela. Paul 

"Art" Burnside married Myrtie Hawkins 
August 6, 1918 in Dillon, Montana. They lived on 


the Burnside ranch at Cottonwood, near Spencer, for 
many years. Art" was born November 4, 1878 at Salt 
Lake City, Utah, before his family moved to Beaver 
Canyon around 1880. 

Myrtie was born May 5, 1889, in Colorado. 

Their children were to include: Reva Burnside 
Butler and Cecil Burnside of Sacramento, California; 
Calvin Burnside of Fair Oaks, and Elwyn Burnside of 
Fowler, California. 

"Art" passed July 18, 1943. 

Myrtie continued to live in Fair Oaks, 
California, where she died of a stroke, August 28, 



My grandfather, James Burnside, served as 
sheriff of this area of the county for several years, 
prior to when the county became Clark County. 

He was born April 20, 1850, in Ireland, the 
son of James and Sarah Wilson Burnside. 

Grandmother, Elizabeth Funge, was born 
March 29, 1853, also in Ireland. Her mother was an 

They were married October 11, 1872, at 
Waterford, Ireland. Together they traveled to 
America, eventually living in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Their family of twelve children, were bom at 
Salt Lake City, Utah, Beaver Canyon, and Spencer, 
Idaho. The first four born at Salt Lake City, Utah 

James Wm and Mary Alice 

James William Tennett, was bom September 
26, 1873. He married Mary Alice High, November 
5, 1905. Grandfather died February 26, 1948. 

Anna Elizabeth Burnside, was bom 
December 10, 1874. She married Francis Dingier, 
January 17, 1900. She passed away August 7, 1961. 

Sarah Catherine Burnside, was born January 
18, 1877. She married Harry Frank Dwelle, October 
26, 1903. She died July 26, 1932. 

Arthur George, was born November 4, 1878. 
"Art" married Myrtie Gray Hawkins, July 30, 1916. 
He died July 18, 1943. 

My grandparents moved to Beaver Canyon, 
Idaho, (then in Fremont County). Beaver Canyon was 
the birth place for several more children including: 

John Henry, was bom August 29, 1880. He 
married Bernice Leonardson of Medicine Ltxjge, 
August 6, 1918. She was the daughter of Charles H. 
and Ida M. Dawley Leonardson. John died September 
5, 1933. Bernice left their ranch and moved to 
Medicine Lodge with her children to attend school. 
She married Frank Robbins of Humphrey, June 29, 

Nellie Funge Burnside, was Nirn March 24, 
1883. She married Jay WTiitman, October 9. 19(W. 
Her death was recorded March 19, 1%5. 

Su.san Agar Burnside, was born April 14, 
1885, and married Oliver Johnson, December 5, 1908. 
She passed away January 14, 1945. 

Don LeRoy, was born November 30. 1887. 
He married Libbie May High, July 30, 1919. His 
death was listed as of May 20, 1928. 

^»vlia & y-ylt 'la "/tlhi" nunisidc 

ja.w -« 4 


Lillian Pauline Burnside, was born January 
19, 1891. Her husband was Henry Judson Rust, 
whom she married March 29, 1910. Lillian passed 
away December 31, 1964. 

Ruth Rosamond Burnside, was born January 
12, 1893. Her husband was Jack McAllister, whom 
she married October 6, 1924. She died November 28, 

Daisy Irene Burnside, was born October 26, 
1894, and died on the same date. 

The last child was born after the family moved 
from Beaver Canyon. 

Robert Washington, as born February 24, 
18% at Spencer. "Bob" remained a bachelor all his 
life. He ranched on the original family homestead, 
south of Spencer, until he sold out to Tom 
McCullough, in his later years. The Burnside home 
was built in the same vicinity of the early day Dry 
Creek Stage Station. 

All twelve of the Burnside children are 

I, "Zella" Burnside Rice Bergman, am the 
oldest daughter, of James William Tennett and Mary 
AHce High, bom July 31, 1888. I was bom August 
15, 1906, at Pocatello, Idaho, where my father was 
fireman on the Union Pacific Railroad. I have one 
sister, Leylia Agnes, born November 2, 1907, at 
Lima, Montana. 

I started to school in Dubois, Idaho, with 
Bessie Meeker being my teacher. 

Our family then moved to the other side of 
Fremont County, to Ash ton, Idaho, in approximately 
1918 or 1919, living on a ranch west of Ashton, 
Idaho. Our next home was in Yellowstone, at the 
Madison Hotel, during the summer months, and the 
Associated seed Home as an inspector for 
approximately 12 years. 

I became the wife of Eldon Rice in 1938. 
Eldon and I have a family of three children; Dee 
Rice, Marvin Lee Rice and. Donna (Rice) Cameron. 
Our children are all living in Pocatello, Idaho. 
Presently there are ten grandchildren, and one great 

I was divorced in 1960, and in 1965 on 
August 7, 1 married Clarence H. Bergman, Our home 
is located at 1407 Lener St., Pocatello, Idaho. I was 
employed for 18 years at the Hotel Bannock, retiring 
in 1969. 

My father, James Burnside, passed away 
February 26, 1948. My mother, lived with us for 3 
years; however, she passed away April 16, 1979. 

Both are buried in Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

My father's youngest brother, Robert 
Washington, who never married, lived with us during 
his last year. He had previously been living in Idaho 
Falls. He passed away November 21, 1974. 



^ ff 





Robert Burnside, a bachelor, operated the 
oringal old Burnside ranch, located south of Spencer, 
Idaho, until he retired in 1959 when William and son, 
"Tom", McCullough, purchased his ranch. William 
has since passed away, and "Tom" is the present ranch 

Robert "Bob" was born February 24, 1896 at 
Spencer Idaho, the son of James and Sarah Elizabeth 
Funge Burnside. He was the last child of a family of 
12 children, only one child died at birth. 

"Bob" attended school at Spencer and Dubois. 

He served in the army infantry during World 
War I in France. He was a member of the American 
Legion at Dubois. 

One of his main interests was politics, which 
he liked to be involved. He never missed coming into 
town for election events. 

"Bob" enjoyed working with his cattle. 
During the earlier years he would often ride with 
other area livestock men. One time he was riding and 
working cattle with Wilford Waring, and Wayne Bond 
at Medicine Lodge. After riding all day, that evening, 
they were invited to attend a community church 
meeting at the Medicine Lodge School. When they 


made their entrance, a few members of the 
congregation laughed at seeing them there. They did 
stay, but never bothered to attend another meeting. 

"Bob" would drive into Spencer to pick up his 
mail. He purchased his food supplies mostly in 
Spencer, as well as in Dubois. 

"Ike" Wagoner was a good friend of "Bob's." 
He spent quite a bit of time at the Bumside ranch 
doing odd jobs. He and his wife, Ethel, would take a 
team and wagon and go to the timber to bring ,out 
poles for "Bob" to use at the ranch. "Ike" would load 
and unload the large poles by himself, even though he 
had a wooden leg. 

"Ike" passed away in 1957, then she moved to 
Idaho Falls. She passed away at the age of 82, due to 
a heart attack, in 1981. She was buried in Fielding 
Memorial Park. 

Ethel was born January 18, 1899 at Delta to 
Neil and Jeanette McDougal. She spent her early life 
in Delta. 

Ethel was previously married to John Moses 
in 1917, he preceded her in death. 

"Bob" spent the year before his death in Idaho 
Falls, and later with a neice, Zella Bergman. He was 
eventually admitted to the Salt Lake City Veterans 
Hospital where he died of cancer in 1974 at the age of 



Llovd Small & "Ted" 

"Ted" Burnside enjoyed coming home to attend 
the annual Humphrey Reunion to renew old 

acquaintance with relatives and friends. He said this 
was the second one he had had the privilege to attend. 
He now lives at Salt Lake City, Utah. 

"Ted" had many fond memories of Medicine 
Lodge, which had been home to him until he v.-as 
fifteen years old. It was there he attended the first to 
the eighth grade of school. The main sports the boys 
took part in were marbels, baseball and basketball. 
Paul Gauchay drove the lower Medicine Lodge 
covered wagon school bus he rode in. 

When the family left they relocated at Roberts, 

"Ted" entered the service in 1943. 

He was the son of John Henry and Bernice 
Leonardson Burnside. Other family members 

included: a sister and brothers, Francis Jean 
Thompson and Jack and Virgil Burnside. 




James Butler - a Kiigore handyman. 

"Jim's" parents Edwin and Jane Butler eame 
from UUih to live at Lyman. Idaho He wa.s N^rn m 

Edwin Butler had s<ime properi> in Canus 
Meadows. This place u-a.s a mile n^irOi ol ibc 
cemeter>' and had a log just where >i>u crossed 
Crcxiked creek, dtnvn ihe Crap^i lane Haas HeiistcjJ 

lived on it. 

"Jim" became acquainted with Canu* 


Meadows when he was 8 years old, coming out to 
herd his dad's sheep, and stay with the Hegsteads. As 
was the custom, they brought the sheep for the 
summer and stayed as long asthe feed lasted in the 
fall. His last time out with the sheep was in 1921. 
One summer when he was here with the sheep there 
was a big fire out east on Bishop mountain. Many of 
the ranchers went to help fight this fire. Mr. 
Hegstead had a contract to haul water to the fire 
fighters and "Jim" got in on the water hauling. 

In 1927 "Jim" returned and worked for the 
Rasmussen boys during the summer. That year 
Roscoe (Ross) Smith held the mail contract and "Jim" 
sub-contracted for the winter service to Rae and stayed 
around for a couple more years. 

Taking the mail to Rae was quite an involved 
job. After the snow came, a team and sleigh was 
used, giving way to a horse and toboggan. Then later 
dog teams were used. They made the trip out one day 
and back the next, with stops at mail boxes along the 
way for the outlying ranches. 

It took just about all the dogs in the Meadows 
to run the mail. They used the Hirschi dogs mostly, 
but had to gather up many more besides, as 12 dogs 
were needed. Four dogs made a team. A team was 
kept on both ends of the run, as well as the team that 
was carrying the mail. That way there was a fresh 
team each day. This many dogs really ate a lot. To 
keep them in shape they were mostly fed horse meat. 

"Jim" had many experiences while carrying 
the mail, but the one he remembers most vividly was 
the com that was mailed to Sheridan. Along about 
Spring Mr. Swanstrum was getting low on feed for the 
sheep. He had tried chopping down quakies for them, 
but they didn't seem to be doing too well on that fare. 
So, he went to Spencer and bought 2 ton of com. 
Now, he had to get it home. 

The snow was getting soft and some days it 
was nip and tuck to get the mail through. Dave 
Hirschi was carrying the mail from Spencer to 
Kilgore, and when Mr. Swanstrum asked him to bring 
the corn out in 100 pound sacks, he said he just 
couldn't do it. Swanstrum determined to get the com 
home, and being a resourceful man sacked it up in 75 
pound lots and mailed it to himself. That way the 
com was hauled. It soon began to pile up in Kilgore, 
what with shipments coming in every day and only 
going out every other day. The spring thaws gave 
"Jim" plenty of trouble getting it to Sheridan. The 
sheep seemed to eat it as fast as they could haul it out, 
even tho' he would take 3 or 4 sacks a day, as snow 

conditions permitted. Finally there had been a good 
crust one night, so they took old "Jiffy" on a toboggan 
to get caught up with the com hauling. 

"Jim" returned to Firth the winter of 1929, 
and in 1930 married Helen Murphy. 

It was back to Camas Meadows again in 1935 
with Cederburg's sheep, to pasture in the "Fred" 
Frederiksen field. Here he and Helen lived in a sheep 
camp and tended the sheep for three summers. 

Back in the old days Jim says the roads went 
where they could. There was no road from the store 
south as it was too boggy. The road a mile south of 
the store ran east, and west to the hill, then south 
around the hill and on to Spencer. Another road went 
west from the store to the hill and south to join up 
with the other one. Well, it happened one summer 
when "Jim" was over by the hill with the sheep that 
"Fred" Frederiksen in his white top buggy was 
bringing the girls, Ebba and Mary home from Albion. 
"Fred" just about made it through the Crooked creek 
crossing before getting bogged down. "Jim" was near 
by, so he and Elton Hegstead tied on to the end of the 
tongue with their lariat rope. This was enough of a 
pull to get them out. However, in the fracas, Ebba 
lost her fine big hat, and to this day "Jim" can see it 
floating down through the field. 

"Jim" called himself the Kilgore handy man, 
as it seemed to him he'd helped many people at this 
and that, a few days at a time, those years he was 

He has many nostalgic memories of picnics, 
4th of July celebrations, trips to "The Slides", sage 
grouse, fishing and big game hunting, since those 
early years, and has been back and forth ever since. 

"Jim" is now deceased. 


Helen Murphy was bom October 16, 1910 in 
Clarasholm, Alberta, Canada to Janet Goodson and 
William Murphy. When the Butlers first came to 
Kilgore they worked for George Cederburg herding 
sheep, and for G.R.Smith in the sawmill; their living 
quarters while herding sheep was a sheep camp. They 
attended the L.D.S. Church at the Kilgore school 
where Luther Roberts was presiding Elder. 

Two children, BoDean and Virginia were bom 
to them while they lived in Kilgore, and a son, James 
was bom in Firth after they left the Kilgore area. 
They all now live close by. 

The Butlers took part in the Fourth of July 


celebrations from 1938 to 1942, community dances at 
the school house, rodeos and the Rasmussen family 
picnics . Helen was involved with Relief Society, she 
enjoyed handwork stitchery, and the out-doors. "Jim" 
and Helen called Firth home. 



I remember Christmas time always meant a 
program at the Idmon school. We children would 
practice hard to do a good job for our parents. It was 
so special that I always had a new dress and shoes to 

Then there were the Box Lunch Parties, where 
bidding for a basket of food would take the place of 
regular refreshments, which was always in conjunction 
witii a dance. 

I also remember a couple of times a year we 
would have a peanut bust on our teacher. Other kids 
entertainment seemed to be putting a thumb tack on a 
"friends" chair. This fim act one time caused me to 
write a 500 word theme. We wanted to go home one 
day and sniffed snuff to make tiie teacher think we 
were coming down with a cold. All I got was a real 
sore nose. The first time I played hooky was at 
Spencer. My brother caught me and sent me back to 
school. I went back to school, but not to class. I 
spent the rest of the day in the store room. Pattie 
Amy and I played hooky a few times while in high 
school, but it wasn't anything to brag about. 

Church was held for awhile in the Idmon 
school and at the Spencer school for awhile, as I 

I graduated from the eighth grade at Spencer. 
I left Dubois in my Sophomore year, in 1955. 

I will always cherish my family, as well as my 
growing up years in Clark County. Home for me is 
now in Rigby, Idaho. 




M A^*n 

Art" & Hanah Barnev\s Kiliiore Home 

Clyde & Rita Barney Family 

Reyo & Patricia Barney \N illi;im-> Kunilv 


The Cash Dunn Family (Cash was a former Clark 
County Treasurer; he & his sister. Ruth, live in 
Clark Co.; their brother. Bottom L. their mother, 
father, sister, all from North Dakota (1935) 




L to R- Dorous Pickett. Margaret Lyon. Frances 
Lyon. Marye Smith. Stella McFarland (1934) 

Mrs. Bert Patelzick. Charles Oakley 
& Mrs. Geo B. Edie (Circa 1925-ML 

L to R- Dorothy Finalyson & Friends 
Mrs. Hans (Carrie) Christensen & 
ouie Lou Chushman. a teacher (1927) 


Frank Finlavson. Darcuss Ray Pickett. & Friend 



With Son. 







Merwin at 







G rover 








Vicki Gunter & daughter. Tawna(Circa 1987) 



Jov. "Chris". Carma. "Ricky". Christine 

I, Sarah Joyce "Joy" Gauchay, was bom July 
19, 1928, to Paul and Mable Gauchay, in my 
grandmother, Matilda Waylett Thomas's home on 
Medicine Lodge. They named me Sarah Joyce, but 
soon called me "Joy" because I was so joyful and 
happy. I was the last child of six boys and girls in my 

Mother was gone a lot with dad with the sheep 
ranch operations, so I was left home with my sister, 
Pauline, who became a second mother to me, and we 
remained close until Pauline passed away. 

Medicine Lodge was my home as I grew up, 
and where I attended grade school. I entered school 
in Dubois during my 7th grade where I graduated 
from high school. Mother moved in with me and we 
stayed in one of Wilson's cabins. 

Our family raised sheep and some cattle. We 
ran our sheep with Wayne Leonardson until dad 
bought him out. 

Our sheep were trailed from the ranch to the 
Targhee National forest in the late spring for the 
summer months. The trail began as they were driven 
through the Berry Lane to the Big Butte, then onto the 
Forest near Spencer. In the fall they came off the 
Forest the same way. The Forest Ranger counted the 
sheep into the old Spencer stockyards. 

We wintered the sheep at Mud Lake, which at 
that time included only the Monteview Store and a few 
small ranches. We always lambed at the Medicine 
Lodge ranch. 

I remember the old ranch house as being very 
cold. Some venters snow was so deep you could walk 

over all the fence posts. My parents heated their 
home with a pot bellied stove, and every year the 
stove was updated by our father. 

Grandmother Thomas in later years lived 
behind the home of Paul and Mable, who took care of 

Dad drove the Medicine Lodge school bus. 
The bus was a sleigh covered with canvas in the 
winter, and he usually drove his pickup the rest of the 
time. Before I was old enough to go to school I 
remember it was quite a treat when dad would allow 
me to ride with him on the bus route. 

The kids that were on the lower Medicine 
Lodge bus route were: Margaret Kenney, Pauline, 
Vivian, Dewey, Waylett, and myself (Gauchay); 
Bonita, Dean and Aldon (Edie); Lynn, Betty Lou, 
Wilma, Neil and Vera (Thomas); Bob, Bill, (Thomas); 
Bonnie Bond; some of the Burnside children were 
Francis Jean, and Jackie; the Elton Keele Family, as 
well a school teacher Lily Thompson. 

Uncle Rolo Gauchay lived just up the road 
from us, now the Kenneth Rowland ranch. Wayne and 
Ester Leonardson was the next place, then August 

There was only one doctor I remember being 
around. Dr. Jones. He delivered me, and Margie 
Maloney, the same day; first he came to Medicine 
Lodge at Grandmothers, then back to Dubois to the 
Maloney home. 

My Medicine Lodge teachers were: Miss 
Tweedie, Mr. Schiffer, Mr. LaMont Hodges and Mrs. 
Ida May Cook. Every year at Medicine Lodge we 
children put on a Christmas play. Before I was in 
school mother gave me a poem to recite on the 
program. A stage was setup in the gym featuring long 
curtains that pulled open. 

The lunch program came during the later 
years, with the first lunches served at the littler 
teacherage near the school, with my sister, Pauline 
hired as cook. 

While attending Medicine Lodge school, I was 
the only one in my class until the Wolfgang family 
moved in and Annis was in my class. I went on to 
Dubois to school, graduating in 1946. 

I won't forget the many good times we all had 
with the summer "cricket crews" in Dubois. Other 
entertainment was the dances, going to the circus, 
shows, and listening to Grandmother tell about the 
Indians that used to live on lower Medicine Lodge. 

I went to college at the Albion State Normal 


School in 1947. It was at college I met my husband 
to be, "Chris" Cagel. He was a football player at the 
college. I continued college there for two years. 

"Chris" and I were married at Elko, Nevada 
August 15, 1947. 

It was at Hansen, Idaho that "Chris" got a job 
as football coach and led his football team to the State 
Championship. In 1952 we moved to Dubois because 
my father, Paul, wanted "Chris" to be a coach there. 
"Chris" built the first Clark County football field, at 
the city park, and started the first 11 man football 
team. We lived in the house owned now by June 
Lemons, living in Dubois about 4 years. From here 
we moved to Hawthorn, Nevada, then to Burley to 
other schools. In Burley I worked for an attorney, the 
Harold Bulletin; then we developed our own 
restaurant, called "Annie Lauri" Inn. 

We have three children, Christine born 
October 28, 1951; Rick born July 23, 1949 and Carma 
bom February 1, 1954. 

Joy passed away June 2, 1985 and was buried 
at the Albion LDS Cemetery. 

"Chris" has since remarried and continues to 
live at Burley at this writing. 

.Toy & "Ricky" 
suBMirn:!) by .ioy (;auchav CA(;ij:rrAiT.i) & 




Where I had a homestead, about 5 1/2 miles 
south of the old Small Post Office, there is a large 
cattle ranch today. I understand it was deveK^ped intc^ 
a ranch by the Bond Brothers, and is miw owned by 
a Mr. Elman Woodfield. There is a gcxxl riiad that 
leads to my old place douTi near Cedar Butte, where 
several modern homes and corrals are now located. 
You will find my old log house with a shingle riHit". in 
back of a modern house still there. Tliey now irrigate 
some of the land, growing alfalfa hay and grain 
They even have electricity there. 1 am 89 years old as 
of April 30, 1980, and don't drive a car now. s<i 1 
haven't been out there for a long time. The ranch has 
at least 1500 acres, all fenced n<m. This land \^-as 
once a popular homestead area, where many ot us 
lived. If you are driving out of DuNiis towards Lidys 
you will go right through the ranch, s*i you ouiiht to 
stop and see it. The main ranch homes are Kvated 
down where you can see Cedar Butte. s*iulh of the A- 
2 the highway. That's where I used \o live. 

1 first came [o tliis area in aUiul i^^U 1 
cleared the sagebrush from most ot my .^20 acres. 
then drilled a well 1 had 40 acres on the Butte and 
the rest was gtxxl level land next \o the Butte We got 
the logs for our at Sn.iky Cany»m. ot Uds 
Hot Springs. I>ater we went east ot Dubois. \o a place 
called Shotgun and got out the logs to build .uir barn 
I patented my propi-rty October 10. I*JI^ 

I worked tor llie Tlioinas fUoihers putting! up 
hay, when I lived at (Vd.^r Butte I r.H.le one of iheir 


horses up to Small to work for them. Thomas' raised 
cattle and lots of horses. The present A-2 highway 
runs through their former property. Their home was 
just north of this highway. However, this was also 
one of the ranches which Bonds purchased in 1942. 
The big Thomas home, Woodfield moved to the 
location of my homestead, when he purchased the 
Bond ranch. 

On our dry farm we raised three crops out 
there, then it got so dry we had to leave. 

Some of the other people I knew in that valley 
were Andy Layne (the mailman), Mr. Ful wider, Clyde 
Griner, Dan Madsen, Howard Madsen, Vern Madsen, 
Hyrum Johnson (the barber), Perry Burr, Walter 
Clements, Fred Storer, Bob Waring, Harry Crumbly 
and my brothers, Mathew and Heber Call. On up on 
Medicine Lodge we also knew the Ellis families, 
August Doschades, the Thomas family, and the 
Leonardson brothers. 

There was a large cave on Cedar Butte, with 
many Indian ReUcs and arrow heads inside. Indians 
had Uved in this cave many years ago. 

There was a log building where we had 
Sunday School at Cedar Butte. It was about 1 mile 
west of my homestead. The building also served as 
the Cedar Butte school, our community dance hall and 
meeting place. Mr. Figley was the school teacher. 
He also taught school at Medicine Lodge. His 
homestead was at Cedar Butte. 

I played baseball with the Dubois ball team. 
We went up to Monida, Montana to play one of our 
games. We could travel by train. I used to be a 
catcher, behind the batter. 

Walter Clements, of Lewisville, Idaho, had a 
homestead just across the from my homestead. Also 
my two other brothers, Mathew Call and Heber Call 
were homesteaders at Cedar Butte, near me. They 
have both since passed away now. 

We really liked the pioneer life, but we were 
a lot younger then. We met many neat people during 
our homestead days and enjoyed living at our 
homesteads. It was a fun and congenial community. 
We also met a lot of wonderful people in the Mud 
Lake area, which was not far from where we lived. 

I attended schools in Rigby where I grew up. 
In my earlier years I was an avid baseball player, and 
enjoyed playing throughout the valley. I was a 
member of the first organized baseball team in the 
area. My main employment was as a building 
custodian for the Rigby schools. As a farmer, I 
farmed in the areas of Rigby and west of Dubois for 

many years. 

I was bom April 30, 1891, the son of Omer 
Samuel and Annie Metta Madsen Call in Rigby. 

I married Harriet Marler in the Logan Temple 
November 11, 1911. We had four sons, Gerald, bom 
at Rigby and Virgil, bom in Lewiston, Utah. Gerald 
is married and his family lives in Pocatello. They had 
two sets of twins. Two other sons, Donald and 
Candell, of California, passed away. They were both 
married and had families. 

My wife, "Hattie" and son, Virgil, were killed 
in an auto accident. Virgil did not have a wife or 

As of 1980 I had 12 grandchildren and 12 
great grandchildren. 

On December 23, 1944 Fern Taylor and I 
were married in Idaho Falls. 

Sylvester passed away May 26, 1984 at the 
Rigby Carson Nursing Home and was buried at the 
Rigby Pioneer Cemetery. 




Emeron .Jensen 

I well remember the first settlers who lived at 
Kilgore (Camas Meadows) around the years of 1900. 
I'm more impressed as time goes on as to their true 
nature of getting along so well together, of their 
cooperation and pulling together for the good of all. 
They made life more bearable in bucking the elements 
in the early stages of the settlement of a new country, 
when we were isolated from populated areas. I 


remember these people responded to any neighbor in 
any kind of trouble. There was very little money and 
few opportunities to make any. The hardships were 

Mrs. Mortinsen was the community mid-wife. 
She served with pay. Doctor Turtton answered house 
calls when you convinced him that it was a necessity. 
There was no telephone communication so we would 
have to go get him by horse drawn rigs or snowshoes. 
Doctor Turtton had the only drug store; it was in his 
medicine chest. 

Good Rasmussen was the accepted leader of 
the settlement, Pete Christensen was Justice of the 
Peace, and Chris Jensen was the constable. The last 
two weren't needed as violations of the law were few 
and far between. 

The Meadows had no school. In 1898 a 
meeting was held to discuss the building of one. 
There wasn't money available through appropriations 
so all the work had to be done through work 
contributed by the settlers. It was agreed by all that 
the location of the school would be on the Mort 
Mortinsen homestead; that is, all agreed except John 
Ching. He wanted it on the southwest comer of his 
homestead near his house and adjacent to his elk 
pasture. Now John Ching was a big strong 
frontiersman with a lot of will power to gain his 
points. Most people were afraid of him. In the past 
years he had roped elk at their winter habitat at Sand 
Creek, which was just a few miles north of Saint 
Anthony. These roped elk were developing into a 
small herd, which he kept in an enclosure on his 

Another agreement was made at this meeting. 
Good Rasmussen, Chris Jensen and others would cut 
the logs for the school and John Ching would haul 
them. Then they would all get together and put up 
the building. However, instead of Ching unloading 
them at the Mortinsen place he hauled them over to 
his chosen spot on his own place, and defied anyone 
to come and get them. 

This development called for some thinking. 
Of course Good Rasmussen wouldn't stand for this, so 
he, Chris Jensen, Lewis and George Mortinsen and 
Will Bennett marched over there with teams and bob 
sleds and loaded up the logs. Ching just sUxxJ there, 
not carrying out his threats. Most expected a real 

As everylxxly knew how to build log houses 
in those days the settlers weren't long building the 
schoolhouse, which was also used as "the Meadows" 

first dance hall. 

The first teacher's name was Stoops. He 
agreed to teach over 40 children and do the janitor 
work for $40.00 a month. He had eight grades to 
teach so the scholars didn't get too much individual 
attention and that was just the way most of us boys 
liked it. 

The winter of 1899 was just another tough 
one. Mother, Father, and we boys had been invited 
to the Good Rasmussen home for dinner. 'We boys" 
consisted of my twin brothers, Irvin and Herman. 
about six months old, and .Aldo and me, who were 
just a little older. We left home at dark, Mother and 
Father on skis and we boys on a dog sled pulled by a 
big sled dog. A bad storm came up and we couldn't 
see anything. The snow was so deep that it covered 
all the fences. Dad was on lead, it was only one and 
a half miles but we must have been going in circles. 
After what seemed hours we spied a light coming 
through a window so we headed for it. It turned out 
to be Neil McMellens' about a mile s*iuth of the 
Rasmussen Place. The McMellens put us up for the 



I have thought of many, many people who 
contributed to the settlement of Clark County. 

Mr. Sanders homesteaded the Three Mile 

Parley Gardner homesteaded at Gardner Creek 
and built the Gardner Lake. He had a beautiful home 
The barn and out buildings were picture.sque He 
raised Belgian horses. The horses were mosLl> r^un 

Near "The Hump" there was "Humps" Smith. 
a bachelor whose and barn was ]o\nc<i together 
and he could walk from one to the other without g^^ng 
outside. By taking the right h.ind fork in the riud ]\is\ 
after you passed eastward over the "Hump Dilch' vvxi 
would pass the Klinkenbeards. Mayhe\K-s. Quirls. O/ro 
and Parley Harnn)n. Bill Chi.Milm. Crcor^^c Owrns. arxJ 
Con Jen.sen. This would bring you to a pomt one milr 
south of Idmon. 

If you continued on Mst there uoulJ be the 
old S[X)ng place. Sam. Fred and Chjrlie Schullrr. 
Johnnv H.irmon. IVauchamps arxl am'lhcr sctlJcr. 


whose name skips me at this moment, lived out in the 
rocks. To the south of Johnny Harmon was Martins 
homestead. There was another Martin homestead in 
the vicinity of Martin Springs just east and maybe 
some south of the Vadnais homestead. Ike Gimple 
was on the east side of the Meadows due south of 
Martins. The Swan brothers were to the west. Aunt 
Mary Swan was just south of Gimple. Ike was living 
in Rexburg the last I knew. Our ranch lay south of 
Gimple and south of Swans. 

William Davidson homesteaded to the west of 
us and Henry Hancock homesteaded north between 
Sam Schaller and us. Roy Smith was west - across 
the land from Henry, and beyond there and to the west 
side of the meadow was another piece of Henry 
Hancocks holdings. 

South of us was Charles Smith and his 
daughter Edna. South of Roy Smith was Glen Haights 
homestead. That about says it for the homesteads in 
the Camas Meadows south of Idmon. 

Finally, I want to say that the Campbell 
brothers, Charlie, Jack, and their father and sister, 
Eliza, were good friends of the Taylors. We moved 
to Spencer in September 1926. I graduated from high 
school in 1928 and after that did not stay in Clark 
County except for my own days with the forest 
service, 1939 to 1943. 



Another member on the staff at the 
U.S.S.E.S. in the mid 70s, was Dr. Charles M. 
Campbell, research animal scientist, who came here 
from Hawaii, to fill the position of nutritionist. Dr 
Campbell and his wife were residence of the USSES 
previously in 1960-61, when he served as Acting Supt. 
for the University of Idaho, while Kenneth 
Frederiksen, was completing college classes for the 
year in Colorado. 

He received his high school education at 
Odem, Texas, in 1956 acquired his B.S. degree in 
Production Animal Husbandry, at Texas AM College; 
his M.S. degree in Animal Science with major in 
Animal Nutrition, at Oklahoma State University. 

He served in the U.S. Navy as Petty Officer 
Second Class. 

He holds membership in American Society of 

Animal Science, American Dairy Science Assoc, 
American Society of Range Management, Society of 
Sigma XI, Society of Ganmia Delta, Texas Alpha, 
National Rifle Assn., American Legion, and American 
Quarter Horse Assn. Dr. Campbell was bom 
December 31, 1931, at Runge, Texas. The 
community welcomed his wife. Sue, and eight children. 

The family later transferred back to Hawaii. 
Charles and Sue have since divorced. 



£ "-f/jM 

Glen at Coal Kiln Station 

Earl Glenwood Campbell came to Idaho with 
the family in 1916 and took up a homestead in the 
Winsper or Monteview area, keeping it for a number 
of years, but since there was no water available for 
irrigation, he let it go. 

Earl was bom at Elsmore, Kansas on 
December 15, 18% and died October 23, 1969 in 
Nevada, Missouri. He was the oldest son of William 
Thomas Campbell and Ella LaRue Campbell. 

He attended school in Elsmore, graduating 
from the eighth grade and going on to high school; he 
left high school because he did not like Latin and it 
was a required subject. He played in the band at 
Elsmore for a number of years and always liked good 
music, particularly band music. 

He liked horses and working with horses, and 
helped his father in the stable. He preferred working 
with horses and it was not until later years that he 


learned to drive a car. Glen was an avid 
reader, reading much in his lifetime. 

After leaving his homestead near Winsper, he 
worked on ranches near Twin Falls before and after 
the First World War. He enlisted in the army and 
was stationed at Camp Lewis, Washington. I don't 
know the dates of his service, but I have two pictures 
of the "76th Infantry Reg." Col. R.M. Brambila, 
Com. dg. One was taken November 30, 1918. The 
other one of more divisions, as well the "76th 
Infantry", was taken on December 10, 1918. Glen 
belonged to the American Legion in Missouri. He 
also, belonged to the Masonic Lodge there. 

He worked with sheep as a camp tender for 
many years. He may have worked for Woods Live 
Stock Company and for Chastain, but I do know he 
worked for the Utah Construction Company under 
Brown. He was quite a sour dough cook, but said he 
thought his main job as camp tender was to listen to 
the sheep herders. Spending much time alone, the 
herders were always eager fur someone to talk to. 
While he worked with the sheep, he had an interest in 
the family ranch and livcskKk. 

He always wanted k^ move hack to Kansas 
and was one of those who influenced the family to 
move to Missouri in 1936, where they bought a farm 
near Milford, Missouri. He helped lo farm it, until he 
and his brother sold it in 1945. after the death of their 
parents and their sister, Ruth. In the spring of 1947, 
they bought a house in Nevada. Missouri. He went 
back out to Idaho to work, and worked on the Union 
Pacific Railroad Ranch, and visited with his friends, 
Ace and Grace Brackenbury in Missouri in the 
winters. Two years after his friend. Ace, died, he 
married his widow Grace Brackenbury about 1952, I 
think. They lived on her farm near Nevada, Missouri 
and he worked at the large Mental Hospital in Nevada 
until he retired. He had no children. 



John "Jack" Campbell and his brother, 
Charles, t(X)k up homesteads at Rattlesnake. Later 
John and his family were to move to Idmon. 

John had one of the few threshing machines in 
the community and would take it around from 



neighbor to neighbor in the fall. 

John married Jessie Wakefield, whose father 
was Byron Wakefield. Jessie Robbins Stevens of 
Spencer was named for her aunt Jessie Wakefield 
Campbell. Mrs. Campbell was also a teacher at the 
Idmon school. 

Eliza Campbell lived with her two brothers, 
"Jack" and Charlie at Rattlesnake. The family 
originated from Scodand. 

In 1910 Eliza married Charles Schaller of 

Pearl Lamping recalled hearing this story: 
There were so many rattlesnakes around the area 
called "Rattlesnake" that Eliza used to sweep them out 
of the house with a broom. 

The area got its name from the horde of 
rattlesnakes in the canyon. Campbells .stilved the 
problems by getting a lot of pigs, which he turned 
loose to roam -- they cleaned out the snakes. The 
name persists though they are gone. 

(NOTE: A rattlesnake was found in the 
summer of 1990 by "Sandy" McClure's grand.s^m. 
Jeremy King, nearby at Three Mile, which is now 
quite unu.sual. He has its hide to prove his catch, 
which he entered in the Clark Count> Fair that tall.) 


While the Campbells lived on Cnn^ked Creek 
in the I920\s and 1930's their ranch was a pi>puldr 
stopping place for all who came up Crix)kcd Creek. 
Whether who came were strangers or someone 
they knew, the Campbells always nude ihcm 
welciime. Thev often ate a mejl tlierc or suycd ^11 



& "Ed" 

night. The ranch was located just above the Ellis 
ranch and below the Bezold place on the creek. 

"Bill" Turnbull, who had owned the place 
before them, had built a study three-room log house 
with an extra back room and cellar dug out of the hill 
on the east side of the creek. The pole corrals and 
bams extended across the creek almost to the hills on 
the other side of the narrows in the canyon. The 
ravine that leads back into the hills on that side has 
been name "Campbell" and printed on the Forest 
Service maps. 

The Campbells raised cattle and horses like 
many of the other ranchers. Their place was one of 
the places where the annual roundups were held. 
During the roundups, the ranchers and cowboys came 
from Medicine Lodge, Birch Creek and Warm Creek 
to corral the range horses. They branded the colts and 
the owners would cut out the horses they wanted to 
sell, or to break to work or ride. Then, they turned 
the others back out on the range again. 

The wild or range horse usually wintered well 
by grazing on the wind swept slopes, or pawed the 
cured grass from beneath the drifted snow on the 
mountain sides. Cattle and sheep could not do this 
and had to be brought in and fed hay through the 
winter. The second son of William Thomas and Ella 
LaRue Campbell was William Edward "Ed", born 
September 17, 1906 in Elsmore, Kansas. 

"Ed" was a husky little boy at the age of six, 
he became very ill with polio and was left partially 
paralyzed in his left arm. Although his mother kept 
him turning the grindstone for many hours, he never 
regained complete use of his arm. Sensitive about it, 
he worked hard to do anything anyone else could do. 
Many people were unaware of it, but it did affect his 

He went to school in Elsmore and then came 
West with the family in 1916. He and his sister, 
Ruth, went to the one-room school at Winsper, Idaho. 
After the family moved to Crooked Creek, Ruth and 
he sometimes stayed alone in Glen Campbell's 

homestead shack at Winsper, and went to school. 
They had a Model T Ford which they drove home on 
Friday evenings. Both of the young scholars had to 
learn to drive at an eariy age. "Ed" completed two 
years of high school under Miss Anna Colleen, who 
taught high school subjects, while also teaching the 
grade school at Winsper. 

In the fall of 1923, "Ed" entered the Idaho 
Falls High School, and graduated with honors in 1925. 
In his High-School annual, he was called "Everyone's 

In 1929-30, he attended Idaho State University 
Southern Branch at Pocatello, and completed a year of 

He worked with his father for the Forest 
Service helping to build the telephone lines over the 
mountains. He never liked picnics, saying he had 
eaten his share of bugs, ants, and flies while camping 
out when he worked on the telephone lines. 

At different times, he worked for the Forest 
Service, doing all the work of a Forest Ranger, 
sometimes staying at the Warm Creek Ranger Station. 
He decided to take the written tests that were required 
to become a Forest Ranger, and passed them with top 
grades. They, also, required a physical test, and 
although he had been doing the work, the supervisor 
of the Forest Service would not let him be a ranger, 
because he had polio as a child and might get sick 
again. He was disappointed, it seemed so unfair. 

He rode on the government roundup of 1925, 
when the wild horses were rounded up from the 
mountain ranges and sold or shipped out to canneries. 
He rode on the annual horse roundups when ranchers 
on Medicine Lodge, Crooked Creek, and sometimes 
Birch Creek rounded up their range horses. He was 
popular with the group, keeping them entertained with 
singing or usually humorous recitations. He had a 
natural tallent of making everyone laugh. 

He worked in the haying on the different 
ranches. Also, he carried the mail, part time, from 
Dubois to Winpser, and up to the Reno Post Office 
located at the Barzee ranch on Birch Creek. 

"Ed" told of riding over the mountains from 
Birch Creek one winter day. The snow was deep in 
places and the trail steep. Many times he had to get 
off to lead his horse. His cowboy boots were full of 
snow, and it was getting dark. A blizzard came up, 
and he lost his way. He thought surely he would 
freeze to death. As a last resort, he decided to depend 
on his horse. It found its way down out of the storm, 
bringing him to the home ranch on Crooked Creek. 


"Ed" Campbell and Gladys Mitchell, were 
married at St. Anthony, Idaho, September 5, 1930. 
They had two daughters. Crystal Lee and Lola May. 

In partnership with "Ed's" parents and 
brother, Glen, they raised cattle and horses. In 1936, 
the Campbells sold out and moved to Missouri 
purchasing a farm near Milford. During the war, 
"Ed" worked in a defense plant in Seattle, 
Washington. He came back to Missouri after the 
death of his mother and sister. His father died in 
September of that same year. Glen and "Ed" sold the 
farm in Missouri. "Ed" remodeled a house into an 
apartment house and also operated a shoe shop. 

In 1951, the family moved to Pocatello. 
Besides other jobs, he drove taxi for Yellow Cab 
Company. Here he made many friends. 

"Ed" passed away March 1, 1%2 in Pocatello. 


The family home of Alexander Mitchell had 
no telephone or electricity, and water was carried 
from the creek that ran through the place. The home 
was heated, and the cooking was done on a wood 
burning stove, using wood hauled from the timber in 
the mountains. The family also had an outdoor privy, 
while living at Level, near the Birch Creek Valley. 

I, Gladys Campbell, was bom January 3, 
1908, in Sidney, Montana, Dawson county, the 
youngest of seven children of Alexander and Mary 
Ellen Coleman Mitchell. 

Later that same year my parents sold their 
cattle ranch and moved to Pocatello, Idaho. We lived 
in Pocatello until 1913, when they sold out and moved 
to the homestead at Mud Lake, which is in Jefferson 
County. The area was called Level, until the Post 
Office closed. 

My first year or two of school, I remember 
trudging along with the other older children, carrying 
our lard-bucket dinner pails to a school near the old 
Welchman place. It was about four miles to the 
school. The first year my mother let me stay home on 
Wednesday and sleep, because 1 was so tired. That 
school was flooded out and closed. The neighbors 
banded together and built another school near the 
"Tom" Wagoner's homestead, where we continued our 
schooling. Florence was our teacher for a year or 

"Tom" later married my oldest sister. 

When I was about eight years old, the folks 
had a small band of sheep. Sometimes in the summer, 
my brother, Bruce, and I herded the sheep in the 
Birch Creek Valley. We played in the sand and told 
each other stories. The most exciting thing that 
happened to us was the day a hungry' coyote came 
determined to kill a lamb. We couldn't chase it away. 
While Bruce fought it off with a sagebrush stick, his 
only weapon, I ran to the house to get the rifle. Tom 
Wagoner, who was there, caught up the rifle, but 
when the coyote saw a man coming, it dashed into the 
sagebrush. He shot at it and missed. 

We had lots of fun things to do. We learned 
to skate, and to ski on homemade skis. Our father 
made us a rowboat; my brothers made sails for it, and 
we sailed it on the Jefferson canal. 

I learned to ride and loved my ponies. Much 
of the time it was my job to go for the mail, which 
came three times a week. 1 liked that, riding my pony 
to the Post Office which was sometimes five miles 
away. I remember when the bank in Dubois "went 
broke: or closed its doors. 1 don't know what year. 
I heard about it at the Post Office, which was then in 
the Abbott home, some two miles away. Knowing my 
folks were going to town on business, 1 rcxJe my horse 
home as fast as I could. When 1 got there, I saw them 
in the car going down the road. 1 cut across the field 
to catch them, wildly waving my hat, as my horse ran. 
They saw me and stopped to see what was wrong. 
Then I told them about the bank. My father said. 
"We might as well go back home, that means we have 
no money." Two days before he had deposited the 
money he had received from selling the wool in that 

I was the only student in my class when 1 
graduated from the eighth grade. At that ume we 
to pass sealed-tests sent out by the state. 

Since there was no high sch(xil at Mud \^lc, 
my parents sent for The American Schix^l's High 
Schcxil course. My brothers. Sandy and Bruce, and 1 
smdied the course in our spare time, while helping at 
home. 1 fini.shed in three years. 1 went to attend the 
Logan Academy at Logan. I'tah for one year. 
graduating in the spring. While thort-. I v.or\ The 
Lincoln Memorial Award for high school studi-nts tor 
a story 1 wrote. 

I first met "Ed" Campbell at Udy Hot 
Springs. 1 had heard o\' him and he hr^rd of mo 
before we met. I thiuight him a very h*»nd.s«mv. 
attractive young m;m Some o\ u.s y»Hing pe.>plo hid 
gone up to l.idys to swim atxl then to go the dance m 


the evening. 

Lidy Hot Springs was where the young people 
from the surrounding communities gathered to swim 
and dance; it was run by the Sullivan family at that 
time. We had some great times, going as a group, 
and we would swim all afternoon. Then in the 
evenings, we girls dried our hair, put on powder and 
lipstick and changed into party dresses. The boys 
changed to new Levi's and dress shirts. We usually 
danced all night, going home at daybreak. 

My first year in college, I went to Western 
State in Gunnison, Colorado. The next year, 1929- 
1930, "Ed" and I both attended Idaho State 
University, Southern Branch, at Pocatello. That 
spring I signed a contract to teach in the Clementsville 
school, where I taught for two years. 

On our way over to my teaching job, "Ed" 
and I stopped at his Aunt Kate Ross's home in St. 
Anthony, Idaho, and were married, September 5, 
1930. I stayed in the teacherage most of the time 
while I taught there. Like all country teachers in one- 
room schools, I taught all eight grades, did my own 
janitor work, carrying in the wood and coal, lighting 
the fire in the big heating stove. The second year I 
taught there, a snow drift formed on one side of the 
school that was almost as high as the school. 

We bought range horses and cattle, and "Ed" 
gave me a beautiful sorrel mare. Sometimes I helped 
him in rounding up the horses. I'll never forget the 
thrill of riding after the wild horses racing down the 
mountainside ahead of us, watching to see they didn't 
break away, and finally bringing them into the high 
pole corral at the Campbell ranch. 

We lived on Crooked Creek, and the day 
before Crystal Lee was bom, September 5, 1933, 
Ruth took me to my mother's home near Roberts. 
Our other daughter, Lola May, was bom in Lamar, 
Missouri, October 10, 1937. 

I taught school in Missouri for several years 
for $60 a month, worked in the government nursery 
schools in Seattle, Washington, and later when we 
came back to Idaho I taught in the Shelley schools. 
When we moved to Pocatello, I taught in Franklin 
Junior High School. 

While teaching and taking care of my family 
and home, I took evening classes, and went to summer 
school. I finally graduated with an M.A. degree from 
Idaho State University. For my thesis, I wrote a 
novel about Mud Lake, which is in the I.S.U. Library. 

After my husband, "Ed" passed away, March 
1, 1962, I continued to teach until I retired. At this 

time I received a Classroom Teacher's Award, a 
Pocatello School District Award, and the Governor's 
Award for Outstanding Service in Idaho. 

Through the years, I have done some writing, 
and have sold some articles, stories and poetry. I 
belong to the Idaho Writers' League in which I have 
held local and state offices, including state president. 
I wave won a number of awards in their state wide 
contests in articles, short stories and poetry. I wrote 
a teenage novel, "Stan, The Sheep Boy," with the 
background in the Birch Creek area. It has been 
published and is on the market. I have also enjoyed 
some traveling. 

While alone, I did some traveling, but 
changed my life style when I met Logan Hamilton. 
We were married, August 5, 1978. At that time I 
moved from Pocatello to 

L.C. & Gladys Hamilton 

Blackfoot, where we lived on his farm, and also did 
some writing. He wrote two novels. He had heart 
trouble and passed away on his eightieth birthday, 
January 14, 1985. I then resumed my residency back 
in Pocatello where I am now writing another novel. 





Wm Campbell & Granddaughler. Crystal 

William Thomas Camphcll filed on a 
homestead near Winsper, Idahi) %khcn he moved with 
his family to Idaho in 1916. 

He was born at Warrcnsburg, Missouri, 
August 7, 1866 and died September 28, 1945 in 
Nevada, Missouri. His father. W. C. Campbell, was 
a Civil War veteran, who had served in the Union 
Army from Tennessee, 

Wm. T, Campbell married Dla LaRue in her 
parents home at Elsmore, Kansas. August 21, 1895. 
They had four children while living in Elsmore: Earl 
Glenwood Campbell, December 15, 1896; William 
Edward Campbell, September 17, 1906; Ruth Lee 
Campbell, July 26, 1908; John Thomas, who died in 

Wm. Campbell or "Bill' as he was known by 
his friends went to work at an early age, 9 or 10 years 
old and was always a hard worker. His friends used 
to tease him and say that he never went to bed, that he 
only sat on the side of the bed for a little while. He 
worked at shucking corn as a boy for his board. He 
would work early in the morning and then run to 
school, to get some education, when he wasn't 
working. He worked as a lineman in Kansas, and ran 
a Horse Breeding Stable, while living in Elsmore. He 
attended Graham's Scientific Breeding Sch(K)I in 
January of 1913. He had his picture taken with the 84 
members of the Class of 22. 

After filing on the Winsper homestead, he 
worked at various jobs and did much work with the 

Forest Service. Having had experience as a lineman, 
he was in charge of putting up the telephone wires for 
the Forest Service that were strung across the 
mountains to the Forest Stations, Warm Creek Station, 
and the one on Birch Creek, possibly the Kauffman 

He was often called to serve on jury duty, 
going to Pocatello, Idaho to serve on the Grand Jury 
there. He was a kind, honest man, and made many 
friends who knew they could trust him and that his 
work was as good as a bond. He smoked a pipe and 
often chuckled silently; he liked to read, Mark Twain 
was one of his favorite authors, and he read his stories 
over and over, especially his book "Roughing It.' He 
had heart trouble and Parkinson's Disease, so v^-as not 
able to work the last years of his life. 

Wm. Campbell was very fond of his family, 
especially his grandchildren, and worried for fear 
something would happen to any of them. 



"Ed" CamphelKEIla LaRue.Ruth Caiimbdl 

Ella LaRue Campbell ^~ii'>> the st-oond oi seven 
girls born to Thomas LaRue and Mary Jarx- TalK^tt 
LaRue. She was Nirn January 1. 1874 near l^ie. 
Kansas and died March 4, 1^)45 in Nevada. Mi.'i.s^Hin, 
Her father. Thomas I-iRui-, was a Ci\il War 
volunteer veteran from Kentucky. In IHM. p\\w% his 
age as older, he enlisted in the I'nion ,\rmy at 14. 
served two and one-h;ilt years arxl was given an 
honorable discharge in 186.S at age IS. having sfr\ed 
four years. He had hrotliers uho fmight on the 


Confederate side. 

Ella LaRue spent her childhood in Kansas and 
told of having to herd the milk cows with her sister, 
Kate, and how terrified she was of finding snakes in 
the grass. 

She was six foot tall, had a beautiful voice 
and always sang as she worked. While a young 
woman she joined the United Brethren Church in 
Elsmore and sang in the choir. Self-conscious about 
her height, when she saw a young girl, who was very 
tall, to help the girl feel better, she would go and 
stand by her. She worked as a "hired girl" for $5.00 
a week and saved some of it to buy things for her 
sisters. She told some interesting stories about the 
people and her work. She and her husband, 

William first resided in and near Elsmore, Kansas 
where four children were bom. She also raised her 
sister Ada's son, Joseph E. Davis, taking him when he 
was four years old after his mother died. 

In the spring of 1916, the family moved to 
Idaho. They homesteaded near Winsper, and later 
moved up to the Crooked Creek vicinity 

Campbell Crooked Creek Ranch 

of Clark County, raising cattle and horses. In the fall 
of 1936, they sold their property and moved to a farm 
near Milford, Missouri where they have since resided. 

She was ill with influenza which developed 
into pneumonia. Glen, Ruth and Joe were with her 
when she passed away. Services were in the Milford 
Church with interment taking place in Howell 
cemetery near Milford, Missouri. 

While on the Crooked Creek ranch they were 
hosts to many at the annual round-up, mail station, 
and library, something that has not survived modem 
times. She always found food, and beds, and 
interesting topics were discussed. All who visited her 
left with books to read, and a desire to study more. 

She was a true Christian woman and her fiiends have 
missed her. She was loved by all who knew her. The 
Campbell family had many friends. 

Mrs. Campbell loved to read, and she leamed 
soon about the State Library and sent in for books. 
She would get a box of books, she and the family 
would read them, loaning them out to the neighbors, 
and then send them back and get another box of 

She milked cows and sold the cream and 
butter, and fed the surplus milk to the pigs and calves. 
When home, the family helped milk the cows. 

She was an excellent cook, and being tall she 
had her black cook stove raised on a wooden base. 
Den Sullivan, who was a fi-equent visitor and a short 
man, teased her about her high stove, saying if he 
tried to cook on it, he would bum his chin. 

She liked flowers and in the winter had her 
potted plants in the house, and outside in the summer 
was a bed of bright flowers, by the house, which she 
watered by carrying water from the creek. 

She loved her family and friends and was 
always doing something thoughtful for someone. One 
of her favorite quotations was: "I expect to pass 
through this life but once, if, therefore, there is any 
kindness I can show, or any good I can do to any 
fellow being, let me do it now; let me not defer or 
neglect it, for I shall not pass this way again. 



Earl Glenn Cannon was bom in Ely, Nevada, 
to Cecil Marsena and Irene Vivian Haight Cannon on 
April 29, 1947. He grew up in many other towns. 

He obtained his schooling in Mackay, Idaho, 
and Nampa State School, and also at Dubois, where 
he lived most of his life. He entered the 8th grade. 
He went into Job Corp for 2 years, then helped with 
the spuds for 1 year. He became employed with the 
Union Pacific Railroad on May 27, 1969. He has 
now worked for them over 22 years. 

Larry Shenton, a friend of Earl's, asked Earl 


one night if he would like to go to the Special Interest 
Dance with him in Idaho Falls. Earl said he would. 
So that is how he met me, Karla Loertscher. We soon 
started going steady. One night when Earl was ready 
to go home, he handed me a piece of paper and told 
me not to open it until he left in his pickup. As I was 
walking towards the house, I opened that piece of 
paper, and it was a proposal of marriage, asking if I 
would marry him when he became an elder in the 
LDS church. So, I wrote to him and told him that I 
would marry him when he became an Elder of the 

We were married in the Idaho Falls LDS 
Temple, December 27, 1977. Sister Blackburn in 
Idaho Falls made us a 4 tiered cake and put a ceramic 
Idaho Falls Temple on top of it. We drove to Dubois 
and Earl's mother held an Open House for us in 
Dubois on the 27th. Our reception was held 
December 29, 1977 at the Sv^ertheart Manor in Idaho 

We took our h»>ne)n*»»o and traveled to 
California where we got u» >er the Rose Parade and 
we saw Disneyland, leaving Drcemhcr 29. 

I, Karla Loertscher wa» horn in Park City 
Miner's Hospital on AuguNt 3. 1936. the daughter of 
David W. and Maurine Louinc Vickers Loertscher. 
Our family lived at Park City. Utah, and also in 
Payson, Utah. When I v^-as about I 1/2 years old an 
incident happened to me that nuJe a dimple in my left 
cheek. My father had a Mare and her colt out by the 
house and one day I got Iik) cl»»se it) the colt and he 
just grazed my cheek and it v^-as a bruise for quite 
awhile. Anyway that is how I got the dimple in my 

I attended grade sch(K>l and also high school 
in Park City, and graduated in 1954 from the Park 
City High School. No one ever dated me because of 
my condition. I did however, have a lot of friends in 
grade school and also in High Sch<x)l. 

After graduation, I worked in the church for 
at least 13 years being attendance secretary. This kept 
me really busy and out of mischief at all times. I 
have done a lot of knitting, since my Grandmother 
Vickers taught me on my 25th birthday. I love to do 
handiwork, it keeps me 

My parents and I went on a trip to Europe to 
get my brother Tom, who had been .serving his 
heavenly Father over in Northern Germany for two 
years. I was impressed with their beautiful country. 

My father sold the ranch and we moved into 
Idaho Falls in July, 1%7. The first year my father 

planted 100 acres of potatoes and that was the first and 
last time he planted potatoes. 

Earl and I had our first home in Dubois, Idaho 
where Earl continued to work with the Railroad. 
Eventually we selected a home in Dubois, which we 
were buying and lived in for sometime. 

Earl and I were asked to help work in the 
Beaver Creek LDS Church. I was the Magazine 
representative, which Brother and Sister Hunter had 
been handling. I also was Assistant in the Librar>. 
Later I was a visiting Teacher, working with Sister 
Mavis Smith. Earl was secretary in the Priesthcxxi 
and he enjoyed his job. 

I was watering my lawn, when I turned my 
right foot and sprained it very badly. VvTien Earl 
came home he went and got Ernest Sill to come over 
and look at it. He told Earl to take me to the Idaho 
Falls Riverview Hospital to have it X-Rayed. The 
doctor put me in a walking cast for 6 weeks, then 1 
had to have another cast on for 6 more weeks. 

I taught 4-H for 2 years in Clark County. 1 
had 4 girls and they learned a lot from me because I 
taught them so very much. I received 2 awards tor 
teaching the girls how to cook. They were very 
special girls to me and I enjoyed helping them. We 
even went to the store and 1 showed them where to 
buy their meat and to shop for firm fiKKls. It was 
really gcxxl to see those girls pay attention to what I 
pointed out to them. 

Earl was sick for over 3 months in 1*^81 and 
landed in the hospital with pneumimia. He went hack; 
to work on March 30, 1981. 

I have learned to know the pet>ple of this town 
very well. Earl has taught me who everyone w-as. 
Then Earl's job required that we move from DuKms. 
We put our house up for sale, then moved to Arco. 
Idaho. We still enjoy coming back to Dubt^is 
whenever we can tc^ visit our man\ friends and 
relatives who live there. 
COMril.KI) nV KARl A 1 ()l RISC m k CANNON 



Laurinda and Daughter Fishing 

Charles "Charley" Carlson worked for Wood 
Live Stock Company back about the year of 1910. 
While employed with this company, he spotted Idaho 
Hollow in the Humphrey area and decided that would 
be a good place to begin to settle. In 1912 he filed on 
a 160 acre homestead in the Hollow. 

It was during this time he met Laurinda 
Robbins. Laurinda was the daughter of Franklin S. 
and Anna Emmaline Potter Robbins. She was born 
October 8, 1896 in Firth, Idaho. 

The Franklin Robbins had six children: Otto, 
Zada, Laura, Laurinda, Bertha and Bert. 



Charles & Laura Robbins .Tenklns 

Children - George & Rov .Tenklns 

Her folks moved to Humphrey, than called 
Pleasant Valley, when she was just a baby. Her father 
homesteaded a ranch there. They sold hay and he also 
worked at the sawmill at Beaver. Her mother made 
butter and sold it for needed income. 

Laurinda grew up and attended school in 
Humphrey. The first school in this vicinity was 
established by her father and William A. Patt. For 
some years there were just the two families; Robbins 
and Patt, that lived here. They visited back and forth 
a lot. As a teenager, her brother. Otto, her two older 
sisters, Zada and Laura, used to take her to the dance 
at Monida, Montana. Transportation to these dances 
was by the train. She also remembers putting on 
Christmas programs at school. 

Laurinda had a sister. Bertha, who died of 
pneumonia when she was only a baby, and a brother, 
Bert, died of Scarlet Fever, when he was four. The 
nearest doctor was at Lima, Montana. He would 
come to our home on the train, also. 

"Charley" and Laurinda were married August 
27, 1915, in Dillon, Montana. He had built a one 
room log cabin, and that is where he brought his new 
bride. Laurinda dolled it up, kept the board floor 
white by scrubbing it with lye. She papered the walls 
with newspapers, which were hard to come by at that 

The first few years they were married, they 
would take a team and wagon and work in the harvest 
fields over around Ashton, Idaho. Laurinda helped 
cook for the crew, while "Charley" ran the water 


wagon for the steam engine on the thrashing machine. 

They were able to get a few head of cattle put 
together on their homestead. Meantime they were 
busy clearing rocks and sagebrush off about sixty 
acres, which became their meadow for the livestock. 
They had wild hay and timothy; the timothy grew 
higher than Laurinda's head. 

They continued to live in the one room log 
cabin until 1922, when they built the house that stands 
there now. That same year on August 19, 1922, their 
daughter, Anna Carlson (Turman), was born. 

Anna attended the Humphrey and Spencer 
schools during the years of 1929-1939. Transportation 
to Humphrey was team and sleigh or walking; while 
attending Spencer they went by school bus from 
Humphrey to Spencer. Humphrey teachers she 
recalled were: Beryl Fisher, Mrs. George Miller and 
Elizabeth Bennett. They had tv^ti years of high school 
studies at Humphrey. The s<ht>i>l here was heated by 
coal stoves and steam heat Thf> had an out house, 
in the usual place, back of the Humphrey school, until 
they piped water down fri»m thr H^mg. There was 
never any electricity at this vhi«>i Humphrey was 
noted for their annual Christnu* pr»>grams. Mrs. 
George Miller was the fcracher. himrver the one 
complaint was that they wrrc lnn kmg. The kids 
looked forward to this lime nf >car, because when 
rehearsing, they did not have Id g»> lo class. Peanut 
showers at Humphrey were held quite often. A big 
bag could be purchased at the su»re for just ten cents. 
At Spencer her teachers inclixled: Verner Stoddard, 
Ray Nims and Ardath Moore. Spencer school was 
steam heated. Some of her cla.vsmates during these 
years were: Enid Bennett, Blaine Rose, Vern Miller, 
Elaine Hunter, Blaine Smith. Marcie Blackburn and 
Blaine Rose. 

Anna remembers well how the north blizzards 
would close school for many days. 

Dances were held often at Humphrey during 
the long winters, with families u-aveling with no 
problems, by teams and sleighs. Anna said that when 
they went home when it was cold, her dad would lie 
the lines, cover everyone up, and let the horses take 

One of the main excitements of the community 
were the school elections. 

Anna married Lionel Blackburn, then 
divorced. Her second marriage was to Turman, 
making their home in Idaho Falls. She had two 
children, one daughter, Janice, of whom pa.ssed away 
in 1990, and a son, Louis Turman. 

In 1926, the Carlsons were persuaded by some 
well meaning relatives and friends to tr>' their luck at 
farming. Some friends (Thurmans) stayed on their 
place in Idaho Hollow. They moved to the Indian 
Reservation south of Blackfoot, called Gibson. They 
stayed until the fall of 1926, and decided farming was 
not for them. When they arrived back in Idaho 
Hollow, they had five head of cows and a team of 
horses. "Charley" had but $1.50 in his pocket and 
winter was facing them. Their friends, who had 
stayed on the place, left "Charley" and Laurinda their 
cows to milk. "Charley" went to work as a section 
hand on the railroad for a much needed steady 
income. He worked there until he had to retire, 
because of his age. They were milking about ten head 
of cows, so they were separating the milk and selling 
the cream. 

All the winters at Humphrey seemed hard. 
There was usually lots of snow, arxl it was cold; that 
meant many problems came with the storms. 

In later years "Charley" pastured cattle for 
other ranchers, instead of putting up hay. Later they 
moved to Idaho Falls. " 

"Charley" passed away in 1959 at the age of 
eighty-two, and was buried back home in the 
Humphrey Cemetery. 

Laurinda continued to live in Idaho Falls. 
Here she enjoyed working on her hobbies of 
crocheting, tatting, and knitting. On October 24. 
1984, she tcx) passed away and was buried beside her 
husband at Humphrey. 




Ctiile - (iruiul(l;mulit»T. Sluila 



A century old in the year of Idaho's 
Centennial, Cecile Jones Carlson looked back on a full 
life on her birthday, March 28, 1990. All her life she 
has been what others might call "A Ball of Fire," 
pushing ahead to accomplish her lifetime goals. Life 
has been a challenge for Cecile, but one that she has 
managed well. It has been a road of hard work, but 
along that road she has brought joy to everyone she 
has met. 

Cecile was bom in Woodland, Utah, the third 
child of Robert Latrielle and Cora Florence Lewis 
Jones. The family consisted of four girls and one 
boy, and Cecile is the last surviving member. 

Her grandfather came from Wales, serving as 
a captain of his ship. Her parents eventually moved 
their family to Idaho, homesteading in the Pahsimeroi 
Valley. Her early schooling was at Goldsberg. 

On January 30, 1908, Cecile married Chris 
Carlson. Chris and Cecile established a homestead in 
the Pahsimeroi Valley and their first log home 
featured the typical dirt roof. This poised many hving 
problems. House cleaning in those days was to 
calcimine the walls each spring in an attempt to keep 
the home clean. The cloth calcimine sacks were used 
by Cecile to reinforce the ceiling in an attempt to keep 
dirt from filtering down inside the living quarters. 

Cecile and Chris had seven children: Ervin, 
Lois, Enid, Lloy, George, Wayne or "Bud" and 
Adrian, called "Ade." When Lloy was 14 he was 
injured while putting up hay, and travelled to Salmon 
for treatment. In order to return home he caught a 
ride in a Model A truck, and as he stepped out of the 
truck he fell under the running board and was killed. 

Early school days for the older Carlson 
children was at Goldsberg, while the younger ones 
attended school at May. High school education was 
mostly obtained at Challis and Salmon. 

With her large family, Cecile spent most of 
her time at home. Operation of the ranch also fell on 
her shoulders as Chris was required to be away much 
of the time. First he was employed by the Wood Live 
Stock Company, and then, as they acquired land- 
eventually five ranches in all including the Jones 
homestead which they inherited from her family-Chris 
was away with their sheep and cattle. 

Life did not allow Cecile much time for 
hobbies, but among her achievements was sewing for 
the entire family on an old treadle sewing machine. 
Another was the large home garden she produced each 
year which provided an abundance of produce she 
preserved for the winter months. Cooking was a 

"must" with her large family, but for Cecile it almost 
amounted to a hobby. Her family enjoyed her good 
old-fashioned home-cooked meals and her son, "Ade," 
often noted that he could make a meal of Mom's 
homemade biscuits and grape jelly. 

One ranch, two miles from Ellis, was called 
the "Home" ranch. Soon after their youngest son, 
"Ade," and wife, Pat, were married they managed this 

Chris and Cecile acquired some 5,000 head of 
sheep and 300 head of cattle. In 1937 tragedy struck 
when lightning hit the main hay yard, burning the 
winter feed. This caused them to have to sell off their 
cattle and two bands of sheep. Ten years later, Chris 
passed away of Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. 

Looking for a new way of life, Cecile sold 
some of her land holdings to purchase the Blue Dome 
on Birch Creek in 1949. This was located in a 
favorite area of hunters and fishermen along Highway 
28, the roadway through the Birch Creek Valley. She 
operated the bar, gas station, and motel, working as 
cook, waitress and general manager. Cecile especially 
loved to visit with her customers. Answering an 
urgent knock on the door for gas in the middle of the 
night was just a part of her friendly service. People 
soon were driving for miles for a piece of her famous 
"Homemade Pie." 

Son. Adrian 

Three of Cecile 's grandchildren —Chris, 
Brenda and Sheila Carlson of Dubois, children of 
"Ade" and "Pat" enjoyed spending their summers with 
Grandma helping her at the Blue Dome. Brenda was 
old enough that she dearly loved being the cook and 


waitress. These extra hands were welcomed by Cecile 
during the busy season. 

Prior to this time, Cecile 's son, "Bud," and 
his young family lived at the Blue Dome briefly and 
"Bud" served as school bus driver from Birch Creek 
to Dubois. 

Brenda Carsl«>n G<wKlrich 

It was a hard decision, but Cecile decided to 
sell the Blue Dome in 1970 Aftrr having artificial 
hip sockets in both hips, and at tge 80, she had to 
repossess the business. Again \he ctntked and waited 
tables for another year until i nr^ im-ncr, John Judy, 
took possession of the baMnr*» This allowed her to 
move to Rupert for a few year* She also spent some 
time with "Ade" and Pat in Shushnne. and then moved 
to Twin Falls where she ha-s been living with George. 
She manipulates her walker each day and gets along 
quite well. 

Cecile's children living as of 1990 include: 
Enid Phillips, Marshfield, MO., George of Twin 
Falls, ID, Ervin of Vaughn. MT. Adrian "Ade" of 
Great Falls, MT, and "Bud" of Phoenix, AZ. She has 
been blessed with 14 grandchildren, 9 
great-grandchildren and 3 great-great-grandchildren. 

History of The Blue Dome 

The Blue Dome was originally established by 
a relatively early settler of the Birch Creek Valley, 
Dail Bare, who held his grand opening complete with 
dancing on November 25, 1939. It became a 
well-known establishment and a favorite gathering 
place for the local residents. Many traveled as far as 
from Idaho Falls for a Saturday night dance or a 
special Sunday dinner. 

The business came to a tragic ending in 1979 
when it was de.stroyed by fire, killing its owner John 
Melvin Judy, age 70. Investigating the incident was 
Clark County Sheriff Earl Holden, who noted Uu- 

community was located along Idaho Highway 28. 
about 30 miles south of Leadore, with no telephone 
located in the area. Judy's wife and his son, Jeff, were 
sleeping in a nearby mobile home when the fire broke 
out about 2 a.m. Jeff fought the blaze and also tried 
to summon help on a CB radio. 

Birch Creek Valley will always be famous for 
fishing in Birch Creek and for hunting in the 
surrounding mountains, but an important landmark - 
The Blue Dome - is gone. Another business, 
however, still is maintained in the area due north of 
the Blue Dome site. It's The Lx)ne Pine and it, too. 
features dining, dancing and cabins. 

Cecile passed away at the age of 100, at Twin 
Falls, Tuesday, May 8, 1990. 

Memorial Services were conducted at the 
Jones Funeral home in Salmon. Burial was at May. 



We rented and later Kiught a place from 
Keppner. Melvin fed cattle in the \MntiT tor 
Chapman. Chapman had his father livmi: with hmi 
from AusU-alia. We boarded hmi for .several winters, 
and how he enjoyed eating the meals, es-pecially nn 
homemade hread. He would say. "Ooh. fit tor 

God to eat." 

While wi' lived in tlie Meadou-s the Indians 
were camped in llie lower meadou-s. They canv 
especially for the canus rix)t. Travolink: with them 
was an old Indian chief, called White Hair. uh*i 
would sit on the ptirch and talk He WiUild hok\ .Hir 
Mm. Willis, on his lap. arx! run his fingers ihr»High his 


"White hair like old man". Willis was born January 
12, 1921. It was sixty below that night, and Melvin 
had to go for the doctor by sleigh. He drove the team 
so fast and hard their lungs were frozen. One horse 
never recovered from it. The doctor arrived about 
9:30, and Willis wasn't bom until the next day. I had 
a terrible time. He weighed 12 pounds, almost 
grown. I had the most beautiful crocheted things all 
made for a girl. I had to make another set of clothing 
for Willis, he was so big. 

Elsie Worlton was president of the Relief 
Society. She and I worked together. We lived so far 
apart, it was hard to have meetings, which were held 
mostly in the sunmier time. Sister Worlton was with 
me when Milan was bom. There was only one 
doctor, and he lived two miles below us. 

Hans Jensen was our presiding bishop at 
Kilgore. Through him, we started Relief Society, 
with me as the President, and Maida Anderson as one 
of my counselors. We held our meetings in different 
homes in the area. During Sacrament, we had only 
one glass to pass around for each to take a sip of 
water. This always bothered me, so with having our 
bazaar, selling quilts, and other hand made things, 
with our first earned money we bought the first 
Sacrament set in Kilgore. 

Doc Tucker would come and get me when a 
lady was having a child, hitching our old white team 
on the sleigh and going, sometimes it would be an all 
night stay. Sometimes I delivered the child by myself; 
you leamed to do many things when you are alone and 
the need is there. 

Our son, Reo, was born in Kilgore on October 
3, 1921. I had intended to go out to the hospital with 
Mr. Rasmussen who was teaching school at Kilgore 
and on Friday nights would go out; well, on Tuesday 
night Reo decided to be born, so Dr. Tucker was there 
for his birth. 

My sister, Lizzie and her husband. Will 
Hoggan, lived in Arco. We decided to try farming in 
this area. Taking our livestock, we rented the Hulse 
place; however, we found out that this wasn't much of 
a successful venture financially. Melvin went to work 
on the road they were building fi-om Blackfoot to 

We had good neighbors in Arco, the Quists 
and Andersons. Mr. Quist and his family were very 
religious people. They didn't own a car and walked 
wherever they went to attend church. 

Melvin and I went to the dances at Riverside 
Gardens with a group and really had a good time. It 

was at this time that the depression came. I went to 
work at Roger Brothers seed house, and Milan worked 
for Broulins. The next year we moved back to 
Kilgore. We bought the place we had rented before, 
and managed to acquire a good herd of cattle. We 
were doing quite well, when the war broke out. Dale 
and Milan went into the service first with Willis and 
Reo joining later. That made all four of our sons in 
the army. With the boys gone, we decided to go to 
Arizona for the winter. This move was unsatisfactory, 
so we moved to Ogden, Utah. I worked as a 
chauffeur at Hill Field and Melvin worked at the 
arsenal. At this time Dale married a girl from Salt 
Lake City. 

After the war ended we bought the Elizabeth 
Lawson home in Spencer. Melvin went to work for 
the Forest Service. Mr. Richwine was supervisor at 
that time. When living in Spencer and Kilgore, they 
said we couldn't raise flowers or garden; however we 
had pretty flowers as well as a good garden. 

We spent a lot of leisure time in Arizona, 
getting away from the winter. Melvin wasn't feeling 
well, then we found that he had cancer. He was 
operated on at the hospital in Salt Lake by President 
McKays son. He later had to have a colostomy, but 
his health continued to fail, and he passed away 24 of 
March. I have continued to live in my home in 



Bob Henderson and W. S. Ful wider attended 
the Odd Fellows meeting at Dubois last Sunday. They 
report good prospects for instituting a lodge at Dubois. 

Peter Klassen has been irrigating his yard, 
cellar, etc. the past week. He says he would not mind 
it if the water master did shut off the water. 

W. S. Ful wider and George Renfro were at 
Harry Stone's place Monday evening transacting some 
important school district business. (Harry Stone was a 
teacher at Cedar Butte.) 

H.S. Lehrman returned to his dry farm last 
Tuesday after an absence of five months in Kansas. 
Upon his arrival he displayed a proud, happy, smiling, 
no-more-baking powder sinkers countenance. And 
when he passed the cigars around the case as positive - 
he was married. 


Sylvester Call attended the funeral of a sister 
last week near Rigby. 

Jack Waring and wife of Lewisville are 
visiting his father, R. W. Waring and other relatives. 

Eugene Sullivan of Bridgeport, Connecticut, 
who is located on Section 11 is building on his 
homestead and will engage in the fancy poultry 

Owing to a "leak" in the storm department of 
the weather bureau, the attendance at the Friday night 
dance was limited, but those present had all the 
dancing they wanted. The usual midnight lunch was 
served with music by Henderson and Schmeck. 

The next dance is announced as a Hard Times 
dance. Everybody is invited and we want you to 
come in your old clothes. This is where the 
aristocracy can meet with our sage brush artists and 
all have a good time. A u+n4c apple pie will be 
presented to the shabbiest drevvrd couple present. 
Dance tickets will be 50 ccntx MiUnight lunch menu: 
Comdogers, A la Swift's PfKk PkIl and Beans, Apple 
Pie and coffee. The luixh »ill he Jt>nated by the 
ladies and served free i»( charje. ihc entire net 
proceeds go to the schot>l. If tu% pn>gram appeals to 
you, come! 

Dave Brantner struck a leJge of lava in his 
well at a depth of 65 feci anJ he it miw considering 
the high cost of dynamite hefure re«inung the digging. 

FOR SALE-a fine hunch of chin whiskers. 
Inquire of the owner. 



No doubt the hard wiirk and trials of all 
pioneer settlers of Camas Mcadi»ws were much alike. 
Having much livestock of all kinds v^as a necessity for 
every family. Many horses were needed for every 
power need and transportation. Cattle were necessary 
for milk, cream, butter, cheese and meat. Sheep were 
raised for wool and meat. In the summer, every week, 
Brother "Ed" butchered a yearling wether for meat. 
We all liked mutton. It was kept in a large box like 
screened cage, set on stilts, and canvas covered, in the 
daytime, and rolled up at night. It was kept on the 
North side of the house, in the shade. This meat box 
was also used all winter for storing frozen meat and 
sausage that were butchered. Father had a special 
darkrcx)m in the rcxit and ice for curing and 
smoking and storing cured hams and shoulders. 

Back-Ehba. Mary; Center-"Chris". "Ole. "Ed" & 
"Fred"; Front-Frederik. Nina. Christina. Ellen 

Poultry of all kinds were raised for meat and eggs. 
Fish from creeks were a pleasure to catch and a good 
change of diet occasionally. They were enjoyed by all 
the family. 

Stored ice gave us ice cream and Kool Aid in 
the summer. My four brothers all were gcxxl helpers 
on the ranch. 

Hardest tasks were bom by my two oldest 
brothers "Chris" and "Ed". Raising timnthy and 
mixed hay were our largest source of income. It also 
involved much work all year long by all the family. 
Haying time in the summer was extra hard work tor 
all. "Fred" and "Ole" did the cutting and raking. "Ed" 
ran the bullrake that pickexl up the raked hay and 
transported it to the stack area in the fields. Father 
spread the nets that held the hay and a derrick hiMsted 
it above the stack. Brother "Chris" on the .stack 
would guide the net with a pitchfork, then trip it 
where he wanted it to fall. With a pitchfork, he spread 
it to make a nice stack. When I was old eni>ugh \o 
drive the derrick team 1 helped tixv My three 
younger sisters Mary, Ellen and Nina all helped 
Mother with the ctx>king and*work duues then 

When all the hay was stacked and gram 
harvested and stored, ant^ther big task awaited l-'ather 
and Boys. WchxI .supplies had to be replem.«vhed. This 
involved much hard work, such a.s rising early and 
driving teams many miles to the t\H>ihills foresu-d 
areas. There, siiitahle trees were cut do\«>-n. tnmnvd 
and cut to length to tit the wagons or sleds The K>p 
were hauled home. There the logs \Nrre sLicked in 
large racks until lime was available to .saw them into 
stove length blocks. They then urrc kept m the 
blocks, piled high to dry through the summer (>'.'• 
.sons of Kilgore pn»neers nuwd IoL\ of schtx>l 1;..^^ 


helped their fathers make a living for large families. 
When wood hauling was done Father and Brothers 
"Chris" and "Ed", and a hired hand or two began the 
big job of baling hay. In those days it was very hard 
work, everything was done by men and horses. The 
bales were loaded onto a wagon or sled, hauled in and 
stored in a large hay shed. When the shed was filled. 
Father and the boys did some baling for neighbors. 
"Chris" and "Ed" missed lots of school, especially in 
the fall. Most of our baled hay was shipped to Butte, 
Montana, to the horse livery bams there. It was 
hauled to Spencer by wagons or sleds, there it was 
loaded into railroad box cars and shipped to Butte, 
Montana. In the winter it was a long cold twenty mile 
trip to Spencer. Even with long fur coats and warm 
inner clothing, the boys became very cold. Many 
times they would get down from their loaded sleds and 
run and walk because it was so cold. When a bad 
storm or blizzard overtook them, sometimes they 
would stay at the Rattlesnake ranch about half way to 
Spencer. Father owned a small cabin in Spencer. 
Here the boys spent the night, then returned home 
next day if the weather allowed. My two 

youngest brothers "Fred" and "Ole" did all kinds of 
chores after school. The blocks of wood that had 
been piled high to dry through the summer were split 
into stove size pieces. Then they were loaded onto a 
wheelbarrow and wheeled into the big woodshed. It 
was stored there all year for use in the kitchen range 
and heaters. There was always ashes to be carried out 
from these stoves. 

Besides the wood chores there were many 
others to do, helping both Mother and Father. There 
were cows to milk twice a day. In the early days, milk 
was strained through a cheese cloth and stored in pans 
for the cream to rise. The following day Mother 
skimmed the cream off. When enough cream was 
collected it was churned into butter. Butter was 
washed, salted and molded as needed for use. 
Sometimes Mother made cheese from the milk, also 
Cottage Cheese. Calves were fed the skimmed milk. 
There were always sheds, barns and chicken coops to 
be cleaned and fresh straw spread on the floors. 

The cattle, horses, sheep, swine, chickens, 
turkeys, dogs and cats had to be fed and cared for. 
Every fall Father and one of the boys hauled loads of 
hay to Dubois. It was traded for all kinds of supplies, 
such as a ton of flour, several sacks of sugar, dried 
fruits and vegetables, canned tomatoes, corn, etc. 
Also a years supply of caps, tools, livestock supplies, 
lanterns, lamps and etc. were purchased. 

For the needs of us little girls. Mother ordered 
by mail. Most things were from Sears Roebuck or 
Montgomery Wards catalogs. She also sewed many 
things for us. She knitted all our mittens; to keep us 
from losing one or both she crocheted a long string 
and sewed our mittens to it and inserted them through 
our coat sleeves. 

In the winter when weather was good we all 
skied the mile to school down across the fields. 
Sometimes our hands and feet were very cold when 
we came to Mr. & Mrs. "Tom" Knotwells home. 
They would call us into their home to get us warmed 
up. They lived near the schoolhouse. If a blizzard 
came up before school let out the Knotwells kept us 
over night. This happened many times. My Brothers 
battled the storms and made it home. The willows 
along the creek helped them to not get lost, and make 
it home. Stormy days we missed school and stayed 
home. In the sununer, I loved riding horseback for 
the mail. 

Life in Camas Meadows wasn't all hardships 
for the pioneers. There were many fun times 
through-out each year, both in the summer and winter. 
Friday or Saturday dances were held mostly in 
wintertime in the schoolhouses. Local musicians 
furnished the music, playing organ, guitar, mouthharp, 
and the violin. All ages had fun at these dances. Tiny 
tots were put to sleep and covered warmly on top of 
the school desks that had been pushed back against the 
walls. All ages danced together and had fun. My 
oldest brothers with loving patience taught us little 
sisters to dance. Waltzes, quadrilles and Virginia 
Reels were lots of fim for all ages. When dancing 
ended, hot coffee and lunch was served and eaten. It 
was time then in the wee hours of the morning to go 
home. Everyone dressed warmly, helped pick up the 
small sleeping children and babies, carrying them out 
to the bobsleds. They were tucked in the sled under 
warm quilts and the horse blankets taken from the 
horses. Everyone was tired, but happy, homeward 
bound! Sometimes a blizzard would arrive while the 
party was going on. Faithful sure-footed horses 
managed to stay on the hard packed sled tracks of the 
snow covered roads and we arrived safely with a big 
brother doing the driving. 

We had very good elementary schooling at the 
two schoolhouses in the valley. Most all the teachers 
were very good ones. Margaret Rasmussen was my 
first teacher. All four of the Rasmussen girls taught 
in the schools at different times. They were talented 
and excellent teachers. 


Only one of the Frederiksen family married a 
local girl. Brother "Ed" married Virginia McGovern. 
She has always been and is a beloved member of the 
Frederiksen family. 

A very special day in the Uves of Camas 
Meadow people was the 4th of July celebration every 
year. It was held at the Canyon west of the valley. 
All the people that day, old and young got together. 
All the youngsters had new clothes, from top to 
bottom and inside to the outside. Mothers all prepared 
and brought delicious foods, homemade rootbeer and 
milk. Coffee was made on a campfire by one or two 
of the men. Until tables were made and brought, a 
large tarpaulin or two were spread on a level spot on 
the ground and table cloths put on top of them. 
Delicious foods were placed around the table edges. 
Children were served first by their parents and seated 
nearby. Everyone quietly dished up what they wanted 
and found a pleasant spot to sit,eat and visit with one 
another. After the feasting ended and everything was 
gathered up and put away in the buggies, and the 
horses hitched up, then the children, large and small, 
were rounded up, and loaded into the buggies. My 
brothers then brought their race horses, and headed 
for a recreation area a short distance below the picnic 
area. Foot races, sack races, horse races for all ages 
and sexes were run and the winners rewarded. The 
last order of the big day was a ball game between two 
chosen teams. When the ball game was over, everyone 
happily headed homeward. Anyway we youngsters 
had a great day! No doubt our Mothers were very 
tired. Everyone looked forward to next years 4th of 
July Celebration. 

Many baseball games were played on Sunday 
afternoons in a pasture near the school house area. 
Women came to watch the games and root for their 
favorite players. They also visited with the neighbors, 
while the children played behind the buggies. 

Two big fires. Bishop Burns and Burnt 
Canyon, occurred when I was quite young, so I do not 
remember the fears they gave all the people of the 
valley. All able bodied men and young fellows helped 
to fight the fires. Lots of timber was destroyed. 

Only three of our family are yet alive; Mary, 
Nina and I. Mary is in a nursing home in Idaho Falls. 
Nina lives in Lewisville and I live on a farm along the 
Snake River at Firth. 

My parents were very special, loving, kind, 
hard working and resourceful. 

(Ebba passed away due to causes incident ti) 
age, September 9, 1990 at the Blackf(K)t Nursing 

Home at the age of 87. Burial was at the River\'iew 
Cemetery at Firth.) 



Standing in Center Back - Marv 

Mary F. Cederberg, was bom January 23. 
1905 at Kilgore, the daughter of Frederik and 
Christine Christiansen FerdenLsen. She grew up and 
attended school in Kilgore and when she was tMel\e 
the family moved to Lewisville. She graduated from 
Midway High School. She then attended and 
graduated from Albion Normal School. She taught 
school at Lewisville. 

She was married to George W. Cederberg, 
November 6, 1925 in Idaho Falls. They had two 
children: a son, George K, mm of Firth and one 
daughter, Lila, married to Joe Oles^m. living at 
Blackfoot. They made their home on a farm at 
Riverview, near Firth. Mr. Cederberg died Febru<ir> 
28, 1956. Mrs. Cederberg lived there until three 

years ago. 

Mrs. Cederberg was an active member ot 
A.ssembly of God Church at Firth. She was a charter 
member of the Firth Homenukers Club, and had 
served as secretary of the Firth Farm Bureau 

(Mary died at an Idaho Falls rest homo 
following a long At llie lime o\ her death twv 
sisters were listed: I-bha C\-derberg. of Firth and Nina 
GcHKJy of Rigby. Idaho Burial was at the RivcrMrw 
Cemetery at Firth.) 



Victor was credited with organizing the first 
Cub Pack in the Dubois area. He became involved in 
scouting in 1923 as a Boy Scout in Troop 47. He was 
a volunteer Scout leader in the Rexburg Second LDS 
Ward, in Salem, Teton, and Burton. He had 
participated on the district and council camping and 
activities committees, and served as an assistant 
district commissioner for Explorer Round-tables. In 
1953 he was awarded the Silver Beaver for his 
distinguished service as the Explorer advisor in the 
Rexburg LDS 1st Ward for 15 years. 

He was employed as U.S. Forest Service 
supervisor. Other positions he maintained were 
serving as Madison County Clerk, being active in the 
LDS Church, he had been an MIA president, ^^-as high 
priest, and had been active in boys organiMb«»ns in the 
church all his life. 

Victor was born February 9, 1909, at 
Staveley, Alberta, Canada. He %ka.v fhe um of 
William Henry and Sophia Singleltwi Chandler. His 
parents were early homesteaders nt»rth «»f Duh»»is. He 
attended Rexburg schools. 

On June 8, 1930, he was marri<rd k) Elma 
Archibald at Blackfoot. The marriage u-as solemnized 
in the Idaho Falls LDS Temple December 14, 1950. 
They were the parents of two sons, Michael Archibald 
Chandler of Buhl and Brad Archibald Chandler of Salt 
Lake City; two daughters, Berdett S. Chandler of 
Stockton, California and Mrs. Myron Rose Bagley of 

Victor passed away in 1979. Burial was in 



Sarah Zweifel, was the sixth and youngest 
daughter of Jabcob and Elizabeth Schmid Zweifel. 
She was born May 11, 1889. Their home in Burton, 
was a log cabin with a dirt roof. She grew up and 
attended school in the area. She loved to ride horses 
and rode one to school. She liked to round up her 
father's milk cows in the evening and drive them 
home for milking. She finished the elementary 

grades. Because her mother was in poor helath, she 
acquired the duty of caring for her mother, because 
the older children either were married or away from 

Sarah had poignant and memorable encounters 
with the Indians. She bargained with the Indian 
women; they would place a chain of beads around her 
neck in exchange for a loaf of homemade bread; then 
quickly removed the beads from her neck and hurried 
off. One occasion, two large Indian men walked into 
their house on a cold winter evening and snatched a 
kettle of soup that Sarah had prepared for the family's 
dinner. Sarah did not protest this encounter, for she 
had been cautioned by her father that it was better to 
feed the Indians than to fight them. 

Sarah was fifteen when her mother died. 
After this sad experience, she felt depressed and as a 
result moved to Montana to live with her sister, 
"Lizzy" Wharton. Being young and engeretic, she 
went to dances, at Anaconda, Montana, where she met 
a striking young man, William Henry Chandler, of 

They were married November 7, 1906 at 
Anaconda, Montana. The marriage was solenmized in 
the Logan Utah LDS Temple on May 24, 1924. 

She and her husband lived for 10 years in 
Rexburg. Henry worked on a dry farm during the day 
and at night for the railroad. Sarah gave birth to her 
first five children while living at Rexburg. 

Sarah & Daughters 
Dolly Siepert. Gladys Storer. Mariorie Wood 

They moved to Bancroft where Henry 
continue to dry farm in 1916, and where two more 
children were born. 

They decided to settie in Dubois, Idaho in 
November, 1922. Here he worked again for the 


railroad and also had a number of other jobs. They 
had five more children, but unfortunatly lost two, 
Sarah Delorice and June Gendora, in the same year. 

Henry served as Bishop of the Beaver Creek 
LDS Branch for seven years in Dubois. The church 
at that time was still on the hill north of the town. It 
was located north of the area of the present Forest 
Service storage area. 

All of the Chandler children went to school in 
Dubois, Jesse graduated from high school in 1932, 
and Dolly E, with the class of 1934. 

Their oldest daughter, Gladys, married Charlie 
Storer of lower Medicine Lodge, son of Mr. and Mrs. 
Fred Storer. 

During the 1930's the family moved to 
Westwood, California, where Sarah's sister, "Lizzy" 
Wharton and her family lived. Here Henry found 
work managing the Westw»»nd's Sanitary Trucks. The 
new company closed the WesrvkMud plant. Most of the 
residents of Westwood k»l iheir )iibs and moved 
away, including Henry ind Sarah By this time, 
however, all of their chiUirrn h*J cither married or 
were working away fn>m humt Sarah and Henry 
moved to Coming, Califimu. • unall town that 
grows lots of olives. The fint fall ttty picked olives. 
The following spring they tiKainni ihe position of 
supervising the Coming Hi>lcl and i!'» Travel Agency. 
While at Coming, Henry becamr ill with Leukemia, 
but Sarah continued to operate ihc hotel. As time 
passed, Henry became bedridJrn with arthritis, which 
obligated Sarah to give her full attended to him. They 
moved from Corning to Gridley, California and lived 
with their son, Jesse, and his family. Here Sarah had 
help from the children in caring for Henry, until he 
died August 14, 1%9. 

She was an active member of the LDS 
Church. She spent several years in Mesa, Arizona, 
after the death of Henry. 

They were the parents of twelve children, 
three of which preceeded her in death. Those 
surviving in 1985 included: Joseph Henry of Ojai, 
California; Kenneth of Redding, California; Jesse 
Chandler of Gridley, California; Wayne and Jimmy, 
both of Mesa, Arizona and Donald of Colonial 
Heights, Virginia; three daughters: Mrs. Charles 
(Gladys) Storer of Orem, Utah; Mrs. Cleon (Dolly) 
Seipert of Blackfoot, and Mrs. Edward (Marjorie) 
Wood of Tempe, Arizona. 

Sarah passed away on November 3, 1985, she 
is buried in the Dubois Cemetery. 


Ann & Dorothy Chastain 
& Esther Waring 

Probably the most devastating event in my life 
was the death of my mother, Esther Wilson AlbreL^en. 
on May 2, 1922. Twenty-five years later, we wimid 
have reason to celebrate as that day was the birthday 
of my daughter, Ann. The trauma we three girls 
suffered was to be felt throughout our lives. I can 
only speculate as to the trauma suffered by my father, 
Arthur Marius AlbreLsen, with the death of his wife 
and the death of his only son who lived but a sliort 
four hours. Dad was strong, determined and never 
wavered in his efforts to keep us all together. DuKms 
was probably the best place in the world to raise three 
girls by oneself. 

Just a few short years later. 1 remember the 
kindness shown to us by Maurice Alvarado and his 
mother, Carlotta, who had C(ime Norili from Mexico 
to escape the revolution. They lived in a Kncar 
which had the wheels removed and .sc-t on the ground 
just east of the railroad tracks at the end ot liie 'V. 
As children, I remember going to see them on a 
Sunday morning. Carlotta would sit us in a row on 
the tl(H>r next \o the uall and give us the tunny 
papers. They were in Spanish with the Kjt/enMmnKT 
Kids on the outside cover. Then slie vmmid nulc 
tortillas for us and ccx^k them on ti>p ot t)>e st.»vc We 
thought this a tremerxjous Carlotu was always 


happy and friendly and very good to us. In later 
years, Rhea was able to return some of Carlotta's 
kindness by small favors~she never learned to speak 

Dad worked on the railroad and to locate him 
at any time, we just had to cross the tracks to the 
pump house or the round house. Our lives were 
centered around the railroad and in those days we had 
to provide our own entertainment. We did not have 
a radio in the 1920's-we did have a phonograph. 

Thus, as children, we spent a lot of time 
walking to the caves about a mile north of town. We 
would walk up the tracks a mile and then cross to the 
west. It was an interesting spot. Caves to the east 
and west were accessible, and the big hole into the 
ground was a good spot for lunch or to roast wieners 
or marshmallows. I am sorry the entrance to the cave 
leading west has been filled in. We could crawl back 
a long way, and it would keep opening up again until 
we knew we were under the creek bed because of the 
dripping water. It was the most interesting of the 
caves and the big hole with all the interesting rock 
formations is gone replaced by a road. It was a neat 
place for kids and now it is just a memory. 

We used to wander all over the prairie east of 
the railroad tracks looking for flowers—Johnny Jump- 
ups, rock lilies, Indian paint brush, etc. We would go 
east for about half a mile where there was an old one- 
room log cabin. And while we were walking there, 
we would always see the herd of wild horses that lived 
there. They were beautiful, and would be running, 
following their leader because they usually crossed the 
tracks north of town to get to Beaver Creek at the 
cattle crossing for their water. I loved those horses- 
they never came close to us and we would stand still 
and watch them come and go— fascinating~they were 
so beautiful and intelligent. I am sorry they also are 


My two sisters were in school, but since I was 
just a little over three years old, I was not old enough 
for school. A railroad man's wife by the name of 
Redding who had a home east of the railroad tracks, 
offered to take care of me. I went to stay with her 
and Hazel would come on the weekends to be with 
me. I do not remember Mrs. Redding very well, but 
I do remember that I was truly a bad egg. She was 
good to me~all I knew was that I wanted to go home. 
When I was 5 1/2, the School Board in Dubois let me 
start school. 

I started school with Betty Rider Thomas and 
I remember that morning we started off to school 

together. We had an hour for lunch f>nd had to go 
home to eat. I don't remember what Rnea and Hazel 
did for lunch but I went home with Betty. They had 
a large family and I remember a big square table in 
the kitchen. There was always a place set for me and 
I had a hot lunch every day. This is only one of the 
reasons I have a special place in my heart for Delia 
Rider Fayle, Betty's mother. Delia later married 
"Ray" Fayle of Medicine Lodge. 

When I had completed the fourth grade, the 
railroad in Dubois was folding and Dad was 
transferred to Salt Lake City. We packed up and went 
to Salt Lake, but upon arriving, found Dad was 
transferred back to Pocatello. We had not the means 
to go back, so we stayed in Salt Lake for that year. 
We returned to Dubois in 1930 and Dad became 
janitor of the school house at the death of "Jim" 
Conrad. The Dubois School had many good teachers 
and many stayed on year after year because they liked 
Dubois. Miss Jeffers in the first and second grades 
taught me to write with my right hand— however, it did 
not stop me from being left-handed. 

I have always loved all the animals from birds 
to horses and even mice. We always had a lot of cats- 
-I brought home every stray I found, and we had a 
few dogs along the way. The pet I remember very 
affectionately was a bum lamb Dad brought home. 
We inmiediately made him into a pet. He would 
follow us around like a dog. I must confess to this 
day that I still have a lot of cats— I still take in al the 
strays that come into my yard and are hungry. 

I graduated from the eighth grade in 1932 and 
from high school in 1936-thirteen students-the largest 
class on record at Dubois. I worked in the 

Legion Cafe for the sunmier, and in the Fall, traveled 
to Oakland, California, to live with my sister and her 
husband; we both attended Merritt Business School in 
Oakland and attained a business education. I worked 
in Oakland and San Francisco for several years and 
married Robert Chastain in 1946. Our daughter was 
bom in 1947. For a couple of years, I worked for 
Harry and Thelma Ham in their insurance business in 
Dubois. I also served as Clerk of the Village Board. 
I then retumed to California and obtained a divorce. 

I joined my sister. Hazel, in Oakland, 
California, and went to work for Caterpillar Tractor 
Company about 1950. These people were the 
greatest, and I enjoyed my 6 years of employment 
with them. They moved the Westem Division to 
Peoria, Illinois, to their headquarters in 1956, hence, 
my reason for leaving their employ. 


My reason for moving to Alameda, the island 
community, was Ann's choice. She wanted to attend 
Alameda High School so we moved here about 1960. 
It is separated from Oakland by automobile tunnels 
under, and bridges over, the estuary. 

In 1964, I married Raymond Glassell and 
divorced him in 1970. In 1966, I went to work for 
the State of California. I worked for two different 
agencies for a period of 20 years and retired on April 
Fool's Day in 1983. 

In the 1970's, my daughter, Ann, and 
granddaughter, Heidi, came to live with me. Ann 
wanted to buy a home so we pooled our resources, 
and purchased one together. It is an older house in 
Alameda— we have been happy here-we can have our 
pets and our rent never changes. Ann works in the 
garment industry and Heidi is at the University of 

In the 1940's and 1950%. I had a lot of family 
here; Aunt Lilly and UrKlc Frank had lived here for 
several years, and Aunt Ull) ^a% instrumental in 
getting as many as p*)VMhUr «•♦ her family to move 
here. Also there was Auni Jam^r and Uncle Bob 
Roberts, and her daughlerx. V».4r! and Ray Robinson, 
and Dorothy and Waller Summrr\ arkl children, plus 
Hazel and her husband. N«»u. it Ka\ dwindled down 
to myself, daughter and granJdaugtitrr They have all 
gone, either through death «ir mining 

At different times, pe<T»lc fri>m Dubois lived 
here for short periods. I %k-as at Mil ford and Veda 
Hoopes Lansberry's home in San Francisco the 
morning of December 7. 1941, v^-hen war was 
declared. I worked in San Francisco during the War. 
It was a very busy place \Mth all the Servicemen in 
town. However, I don't remember much of 
importance except the Parade Uir the prisoners of 
Bataan when they landed in San Francisco. 

My sister. Hazel, died very suddenly on 
October 5, 1989. I miss her very much-we spent a 
lot of time together, and after almosi two years, I am 
only beginning to cope. I always had Christmas Eve 
and Christmas Dinner at my house and she would 
have Thanksgiving. I did all the birthdays at my 
house and she used all the other holidays as excuses to 
have us over with traditional dinners like Cherry Pie 
on Washington's Birthday, corned beef and cabbage 
on St. Patrick's Day, Easter eggs on Ea.ster, etc. 

Probably the best thing about being a senior 
citizen in this area is the transportation one can get. I 
can ride BART (Bay Area Rapid Transit) for about 10 
cents. One had to buy a pass but it is enjoyable 

transportation. Also, local bus transportation for 
Senior Citizens is 35 cents, transfer as many times as 
one likes, as opposed to $1.00 for adults. 

I am lonely at times because my local friends 
are all gone, but I do walk for health, 1 enjoy ray pets 
and my home, I read a lot, and I do get away 



Nancy and Robert 

1, Nancy Alexander, grew up in the Blue 
Ridge Mountains, & was born August 10. 18% at 
Winnsboro, North Carolina. My parents, rv^u 
deceased, were Sarah and FruilJand Alexander. 1 had 
three brothers and one sister, who have since pa.s.sed 
away. 1 attended a little counU7 schcxil in my youth; 
when I was older, I attended a K>arding schix>l in 
North Carolina. 

One of my cousins from North Carolina Nwas 
working on a sheep ranch in Idaho tor Clark and 
Denning. While working on the ranch he met a young 
fellow, originally from South Carolina, who asked if 
he knew of any young ladies hack in North Carolim 
he could write to. The cousin menlii>ned my rLimc 
and gave Robert my Robert in turn vsTote to 
me, and 1 did answer his letter. 

In 1915 Robert returned to South Can>lina. 
due to the death o\' his motlier. It was at this time he 
t(X)k time to go meet me. We s^vnt .Mime tmie 
together. When he left, he asked it ue could .sull 
correspond, and 1 s;iid 1 would be glad to He left arxl 
never said anytliing aKmt ever c*miing back In 1^18 
Robert went back to North Carolin.». to me to 
marry him. We were married in 1918 atvl spent iHir 
honeymoon coming to Idaho. We arrived in I)ub»>is 

in March, spending the night at the Reynolds Hotel. 
Robert, at the time, was the foreman at the Clark and 
Denning Sheep Ranch. Lambing season was just 
commencing upon our arrival at the Medicine Lodge 
ranch, thus, Robert was anxious to get back to his 
work duties. The next morning, Fred Ham, owner of 
the first garage in Dubois, took us out to the ranch, in 
one of the first Ford cars in Dubois. He drove as far 
as he could, then we were met by sleigh and taken the 
rest of the way because the roads were blocked with 
snow. As we entered the yard they began to ring a 
bell (it was a large bell that was used to call the men 
to meals and to come if there was an emergency). 
They had a dinner prepared and what I remember the 
most were the pears, there was also roast beef, 
potatoes, but I remember the delicious pears. They 
usually had a cook at the Denning Ranch when they 
were busy, but in the winter when they weren't, I 
would do the cooking. 

It was quite a change, coming from the Blue 
Ridge Mountains to the desert country, but it can grow 
on you. When I went back home 20 years later, I 
could have easily spent just one day and been content 
to return to Idaho. I returned home twice to North 

The Smalls were my closest neighbors. When 
Mrs. Small died, their children spent a lot of time at 
my home. 




Robert. A very and Charles 

We were living on the Denning Ranch (Orville 
Williams has it now). All of our children, but one, 
were winter babies. Robert was bom 1918 at 

Medicine Lodge. John Avery was bom December 23, 
1920, and died June 22, 1926 at Medicine Lodge. He 
was buried at the Small Cemetery. Charlie was bom 
January 16, 1923, died October 1979 at Small. 

Frank and wife. Marion 

"Frankie" was bom in 1926 at St. Anthony. 
Anna Faye was bom 1928. 

Anna Fave and Charles 

Some of our family was driving up Medicine 
Lodge Canyon in the pickup. Some were riding in the 
back of a truck, while Robert and I were sitting in the 
cab with the baby (Charlie) on my lap. The hunters 
were looking for game. The truck swerved or went 
over a rock and John Avery kind of raised and was 
thrown out of the truck, striking his head on a rock, 


resulting in his death. Frankie was born at St. 
Anthony, where I had been staying with a cousin since 
we had lost our Uttle boy. 

At this time we had to get our mail from 
Dubois; there were no deliveries. 

Mrs. Kipper, who was a nurse, helped deliver 
our babies. The Kippers had come from back east. 
They homesteaded a place up on Indian Creek. 
Before winter we would stock up on what food we 
would need since the road was closed, or rather, 
blocked, with snow most of the winter. When we 
needed medical help for our family, we called on Dr. 
Jones and his wife, who was a nurse. One of our 
children had pneumonia and the men fixed a box on a 
sleigh and heated it to take the baby in to Dr. Jones 
and his wife. They put a pneumonia jacket on him 
and took care of him so I could get some rest. When 
we had any serious medical pmhlcms, we went to Dr. 
CUne at Idaho Falls. I leamrO never to throw any 
food away, for there was nutty i time I would just get 
into bed and could hear a n^-a^m A<«inung, so I would 
have to get up and start the ci»4 ffc»ve i-buming for 
I knew there would be a meaJ tt get. Usually it 
would be one of the herdert 

We used horses, mudty. anJ ^hk bought some 
of our big work horses fnmi Vinnie Lemons' father, 
Charles Stevens, who livcJ at Humfihrey. They were 
like Clydesdales. In the %kinicT wt w^iuld freeze in 
our Model T Fords, with fhe mnglass windows, 
because there weren't any healers We would put all 
the blankets we could find in Ihe car to keep from 

Our children attended Ihe Medicine Lodge 
School and some of the teachers that taught at the 
school were Mr. Libsay, and Misi Twcedic from Lost 
River. She was a special teacher, and so was Gladys 

I liked to visit the sheep camps. I could let the 
children run wild and not worry aKnit them getting 
hurt, and I would go ahead and cook the herder a 
meal and check to see what he needed and spend some 
time visiting. Some of the herders that worked at that 
time with the Chastains and for Clark and Denning 
were Jack McCloy and Matt Cockrun. 

Sunday School was sometimes held at the 
Medicine Lodge School and sometimes a minister 
would come up to preach. Sometimes we would go 
into Dubois to Sunday School. 

One disaster that happened \o the family was 
when we went up the canyon to the head of Medicine 
Lodge to a picnic that the sisters of Henry and Otis 

Thumeau were giving. We had a good time, but 
when it was time to go home, a big storm hit the 
lower canyon, making the roads really muddy. We 
stopped at Lew Ellis' for a while to see if the rain 
would let up, but ended up getting stuck in the mud. 

I liked to hand quilt and embroider and sew. 
I also liked working in the garden and raising 

When Clark and Denning .sold out to Charles 
R. Lau, in 1939, Robert Chastain had worked for 
them for 25 years. Robert bought a farm at Mud 
Lake, and we also had a place on Medicine Lodge and 
owned two bands of sheep. There were no buildings 
on the place at Mud Lake so we bought one of the 
houses at Spencer from Wood Live Stock, who were 
selling out. Happy Jack, the house mover from Idaho 
Falls, moved the house to Mud Lake for us. I didn't 
have electricity until we moved to Mud Lake but there 
was a crank telephone in service up the canyim. 

I lost Robert in 1%5 and we buried him in 
Idaho Falls. I have since sold the place in .Mud Lake 
and have been living with my daughter Faye 
Doschades and son, Frank Chastain." 




Allene Chehev Bacca & ( harlo CI>t. hA> 
i.-nf ^ PlTn'*-** ^V'*"^ Chehev 

Leo and Bcrnicc WatLs Chchey . a p»>puUr yiHing 


couple of the area were married in Pocatello, March 
13, 1920 at the St. Joseph Catholic Church. They 
took up housekeeping in Dubois in Mrs. Turner's 
residence on Center street, south of the drug store. 

Leo was engaged in farming on his ranch 
some miles north of town. She had held the position 
of teacher in the Dubois school during the past two 

Leo was bom October 20, 1891 at Cambridge, 
Nebraska, the son of Peter Briggs and Bridget 
Magdalene Dowd Chehey, where he also grew up. 
He attended schools there and graduated from 
Cambridge high school. Leo went on to attend 
Hastings College at Hastings, Nebraska, where he was 
also active in athletics and dramatics. 

He taught school in Cambridge a few years 
before moving to Blackfoot, Idaho in 1913, and later 
moved to Dubois. As a carpenter, when he first came 
to Dubois, he worked on the new school two story 
building, which the students moved into in about 

Leo enlisted in the United States Army in 
1918 during World War I, serving in the 13th Infantry 
Division. He was discharged in 1919 and returned to 

I, Bernice, was born in Dubois March 28, 
1898, the first daughter of Chas. B. and Lillian 
Kaufman Watts. I lived there a short time, then 
moved to Birch Creek with my family where most of 
my childhood was spent. 

Our father had two greyhound dogs. My 
brother and sister and I used to chase coyotes on the 
bench at Birch Creek with these dogs just for the fun 
of it. 

However, since there was no school where we 
lived at Birch Creek, it was necessary for us children 
to live in Dubois during the school year with our aunt, 
Mrs. David "Millie" Miller. I attended the Dubois 
schools through the 10th grade, then I finished my 
Junior year at the Logan, Utah, New Jersey Academy. 
Then I went to I.S.U, which was at that time known 
as Idaho Technical Institute,and graduated in 1916. I 
went on to Albion for my teacher's training. 

My first teaching position was in Gilmore, 
Idaho, a prosperous lead and silver mining tov^ at 
that time. I was but 19 years old, and we were 
snowed in there all winter. My father had to come 
from Birch Creek to take me to Dubois. I boarded the 
train, to Armstead to go back to my job. The railroad 
had a spur that went to Gilmore from Armstead. My 
pay as a teacher was $80.00 a month. 

After Leo and I were married we taught 
school together at Kilgore, Hamer, Terreton and 
Blackfoot. We lived in this homemade trailer. 

In 1931 Leo operated a bulk plant for an oil 
company at Roberts. He worked at that until 1939 
when he went to work for the Post Office Department 
as a rural mail carrier, a position he held until his 
death. He died at the age of 66, in 1957, of a heart 
attack. We were living in Roberts. 

Leo was a member of the Catholic Church, 
past commander of the Rigby American Legion, 
member and past commander in Blackfoot. For four 
years he served as chairman for the 13 County 
Sportsman Assn. At one time he served as chairman 
of the American Legion Junior Baseball Club, and was 
one of the founders of the Roberts Rod and Gun Club. 
He also was a past District Commander of the 
American Legion. 

I, Bernice, continued my career as a teacher, 
teaching 33 years, all in Idaho. 

We raised two children, Charles L. Chehey, 
who is now a dentist in Moscow, Idaho and a 
daughter, Allene Chehey Bacca, a former teacher, 
living in Idaho Falls. 

We are proud of our grand children, seven in 
all, and also of our one great grandchild as of 1988. 

I continued to live in Roberts until the Teton 
flood of 1976, after which I moved to Idaho Falls 
where I live at 1450 Paul Street. 

NOTE: Bernice passed away while I (BJS) 
was corresponding about her family for this book. 
Just shortly after receiving her final letter, I learned of 
her passing when reading the Post Register. Bernice 
passed away at the age of 91, January 7, 1989. 



Glavds S. Camb. Mildred S. Raymond. 

Susie Patt S. Cheney. 

Loren & Joe Shambow 


January 12, 1892, Susie Flora was born to 
William A. and Emma Kerzenmacher Patt. She was 
their first daughter, at Upper Madison Basin, Gallatin 
County, Montana. When she was eight years old, her 
folks left their home in Montana, slowly making their 
way to Idaho, traveling in two covered wagons that 
were loaded with all their possessions. Her father 
drove one wagon that was loaded heavily and had to 
be pulled by four horses. The other wagon, driven by 
her mother, was pulled by two horses. Susie and her 
older brother Andrew, who was ten at the time, rode 
a saddle horse. The dirt road was rough going. In 
some places, trees had to be cut down before they 
could go on. At night, they camped out, sleeping in 
a tent and cooking over a camp fire. 

Their home in Idaho, called Pleasant Valley at 
that time, (later Humphrey), consisted of two rooms. 
One was large, and the other w^s a log lean-to built 
on the back. It was situated tairl) cKse to Beaver 
Creek and the railroad. 

There were four Lhiklrrn in the family ready 
for school: Andre, Su\ie. f r4nk «nj Jerry. A 
neighbor, Franklin Robbins, livrO near them; three of 
his children were ready t(«r v^ihiJ aIw) It took seven 
children to get a school survJ. n* Mr Robbins and 
her father built a one-r(*>m li»f hnuiv ftir the school, 
not far from where they lived Susie went through 
eight grades in this sch(*»l hmxse Her only teacher 
was Mary Dutro. On Ma) 2^. IWJ, she finished 
school there. 

For a living, her father raised a few cattle and 
sold meat to the hotel in Momda. Montana. There 
was a portion of Patt land that the railroad leased from 
her father that formed an ice pi»nd in the winter. For 
many years, for about three m*»nths during the winter, 
Mr. Patt was in charge of getting the ice cut into 
blocks for the railroad's The numerous teams of 
horses that were needed to accomplish the cutting and 
loading of the ice blocks were furnished by Mr. Patt. 
Most of their entertainment was square dancing 
in the school house. Everyone would dance all night 
until it was time to go home, milk the cows, feed all 
the livestock and do other morning chores. There 
were some Easter Sundays that they went to Spencer 
to hunt Easter eggs at the sch(X)l. 

When Susie was older, she had many ouLside 
jobs; help milk cows, pitched hay, mowed hay and 
other duties that are required on a farm. She loved to 
ride horseback, and she loved animals, and the 
outdoors. During those long winter months, the snow 
would really get deep. Her father would have to 

follow the freight train to Monida, approximately 
seven miles in the middle of the rails to get back and 

One major tragedy that occurred in their 
family was when her brother Jerry caught pneumonia. 
The children were all sliding down the hill, and Jerr\' 
caught a bad cold. Under his mother's care, he 
started getting better, so he joined the other children 
playing outside. That night he complained that his 
chest hurt. His mother contacted the doctor in Lima, 
Montana, only to find out that he had pneumonia. 
Susie stayed up with Jerry day and night, until this 
vigil completely wore her out; consequently, her 
father ordered her to bed. Two days later, Jerr> 
passed away on, January 27, 1910, and is buried in 
Humphrey, Idaho. Susie remembered how deeply 
hurt she was and, how hard she cried, until she could 
cry no more. 

Susie's first date with her future hu.shand, 
Lester Shambow, was May 22, 1910. He was 
working for his father Levi Shambow up in the 
Centennial Valley, Montana. On July 10. 1910. 
Lester and Susie were married in Dillon. Montana. 
After their marriage, he tcx)k her to live at his folks' 
home. There she helped his Mother in the home 
because she wasn't very well. Their first child, 
Mildred May, was born June 1, 1912. A mid-wife 
Mrs. Jones, delivered the baby. Mrs. Jones lived in 
Monida, Montana about five miles from the 
Shambows. The couple lived there year around, while 
Levi and his wife went to their home in St. Cloud. 
Florida during the winter months, returning in June to 

On February 19, 1914. at the Centennial 
Valley, their second daughter, Gladys Irene, was 
born. She was delivered by the midwife Mrs. Jones. 
In 1915, Susie and Lester moved to Humphrey, where 
her folLs lived. There Le.ster was employed by the 
railroad. Her father had built a one nxmi bunk house 
that they lived in for about a year. While (here, their 
son, Joseph was born in DuKms, Idaho. She sLiyed 
with a midwife, and her hu.sband. the s.ime midwife 
.she had when her girls were born. The ioncs' had 
moved from Monid.!, Montaiu to DuK>is. Idahi>. 


During the ye^r of 1921. Susie u-as appi>inted 
Postmaster o\' the Humphrey Post Office, filling' that 
position for aK)ut a year. 

Liiter, they moved to Sjvncer. Kl.iho. living 
there for aKuit a year After her husKirxl quit the 
railri)ad, they moved ti> 1 una. MiUiua.1. where U-sier 


got a job on a cattle ranch out of Lima. In 1926, 
Lester and Susie were divorced. 

It was in Lima that Susie met John Cheney. 
On May 15, 1927, John and Susie were married. 
After their marriage, Susie cooked for the hay crew, 
the lambing and shearing crew on the big sheep ranch 
where John was also employed. Later, John got a job 
on the main road between Lima and Monida, helping 
to build the road by plowing and scraping, using 
horse-drawn machines. Susie cooked for this crew, 
her cook house was a tent, that moved along as the 
road did. 

In 1928, while they were still living in 
Montana, their son, Franklin was bom. 

When the road was completed, they packed up 
and moved west to South Bend, Washington, where 
John's folks lived. John finally got a job for a while 
with his son Ben, in Tacoma, Washington, turning ties 
for the railroad. The couple moved to Kalm, 

In 1932, while living in Kalm, their son 
Franklin died at the age of three years and eight 
months. Shortly after that, John quit the tie job, and 
started driving logging trucks for different outfits, 
driving in Washington, Oregon, and California. He 
drove logging trucks for twenty-three years before he 
finally quit. John and Susie moved back to Tacoma, 
there John resumed working with is son Ben. 

Because of injuries he received and heart 
trouble, John was forced to quit working. On January 
12, 1959, he passed away. 

After his death, Susie Uved in Tacoma in a 
Senior Citizen Housing Project. When she was 
eighty-eight years old, she still drove her 1955 Buick. 

On May 1, 1985, at the age of ninety-three, 
Susie passed away in Tacoma, following a stroke. 
Her son, Joseph, of Corvallis, Oregon, her daughter, 
Mildred Raymond of Lynnwood, Washington, and a 
sister, Emma Roscoe of Stockton, California survived 
her. Her daughter Gladys died in 1978. 



Hans. Leon. Mrs. Carrie Christensen. 

Euella. Vernell. Dwaine. Weston 

(front) Donna and DeMonte 

The Christensen family moved to Spencer in 
the summer of 1922 with their six children, Weston, 
Euella, Dwaine, Leon, Vernell, and DeMonte. Hans 
(He was known as H.H. or sometimes Chris) worked 
for the Wood Live Stock Company as the blacksmith. 
We lived on the west side of the railroad tracks in the 
home that is now the Boatman home. (House is 
vacant, but still standing.) 

The youngest child of the family, Donna, was 
bom in 1924. The children all attended school in 
Spencer. Euella, Leon, and Vernell, graduated from 
high school here. We played basketball and traveled 
to many small towns while playing. 

The gymnasium was an excellent building and 
we enjoyed dances there in the summer. There was 
also a tennis court at one time and it provided fun and 
enjoyment. Dad was chairman of the school board 
and was Deputy Sheriff. Wes worked with Dad in the 
blacksmith shop. They not only shod the horses but 
constructed sheep camps, wagon wheels and many 
steel parts for machinery. They both helped in the 
transfer of the sheep to the Chicago stockyards. 

Wes and Gayle Davis had an open cockpit 
plane which they learned to fly and eventually 
crashed. No one was injured but the airplane was 

Euella married Leonard Larson January 6th, 
1932 in Dillon, Montana and they made their home in 
Spencer until December 1934. While they remained 
in Spencer they worked with Sid Close in Spencer at 


the Mercantile and Canyon Hotel. They survived two 
fires before going to California. The rest of the 
family moved to Idaho Falls in 1932. 

Dwaine W. "Dutch" was born December 14, 
1912 in Rigby, Idaho. From Rigby the family moved 
to Spencer. From Spencer they finally moved to 
Idaho Falls. 

In December of 1935 "Dutch" married Gladys 
Frazer of Missoula, Montana. They have moved their 
home there since 1941. He was employed there by 
the John D. Daily Meat Company until 1951, when he 
went to work as a cattle buyer for Carstens Packing 
Company. In 1955 he opended the Christensen 
Wholesale Meat Company, which he operated until his 

They had three sons, and one daughter. 

"Dutch" died of a gun sht»t wound, January 
26, 1964 at Missoula. 



My name is H. H Chrisirr»rn, better known 
as "Chris", the blacLsmith t>* \^«iitd Live Stock 
Company in Spencer, Idahi* I hrUl that position from 
1924 to 1932 - but let me p) Ka^k and tell you the 
events in my life that brought mc and my family to 
Spencer, Idaho. 

I was born in Salt Lake City, Utah on 
February 25, 1884, an only y»n of Nellie B. Erickson 
and Hans Christiansen. My father vw-as 64 years old 
when I was born, and died v>hen I u-as fourteen. I 
had three older half-sisters. 

We had a farm and I v^-as apprenticed to the 
village blacksmith, where I learned the trade-after 
some instruction from my father. 

I enjoyed singing and dancing as a young 
man, and joined a vaudeville youpe. We entertained 
all over Salt Lake City and the valley. 

I met Carena Hilberg at one of the dances. 
She was engaged to a sailor and 1 was also engaged to 
a young lady at this time, but we seemed to know we 
were meant for each other, so the engagements were 
broken and "Carrie" and 1 were married on October 
17, 1906. This was the beginning of a long and happy 
marriage for us. We lived in Salt Lake at the old 
brickyard on Highland Drive. 

"Carrie's" mother was seriously ill, and she, 

being the only girl, wanted to care for her mother, 
who died of this illness just a couple of months before 
our first child, Weston, was born on November 28, 
1907. Our first daughter, Euella, was bom on April 
9, 1910, and shortly thereafter our family moved to 
Rigby, Idaho, where I was able to get a home v,i\h 
some land close to my half-sister. 

We farmed, but I wasn't too happy, and went 
back to my trade as a blacksmith. 

While living in Rigby, we were blessed uith 
two other sons~Dwaine born on December 14, 1912, 
and Leon on June 24, 1914. In another 18 months 
our fifth child, Vernell, was born on Jan. 26, 1916. 

From Rigby we moved to Newdale, Idaho, 
and only stayed a short time because 1 was offered 
better work in Nampa, Idaho. We settled down in 
Nampa with our five children. 

"Carrie" and I enjoyed working in our church. 
L.D.S., singing in the choir, and also we sang duets 
for funerals and weddings and special occasions. 

While we lived in Nampa we had some bad 
experiences. Vernell had an unusual disease, called 
Cholera Infantum. We almost lost her. and except for 
the prayers of faith and blessings by the priesthiXKl, 
we would have. It was also the year o\' the intluenza 
epidemic, and whole families were ill. and many died. 

From Nampa we moved to Idaho Falls, uhere 
I again worked as a blacksmith. Our sixth child. De 
Monte, was born here on June, 1921. We enjoyed 
several years in Idaho Falls. 

In 1924 I was offered a gixxl ji>b for the 
Wood Live Stock Company in Spencer, Idaho. We 
packed up once more, and moved to the little hustling 
town of Spencer, where everyone worked for \S\xxl 
Live Stock in some capacity. It was a company lown. 
A few families worked for the railroad, but most of 
the town's life-bkxxi was from Wixxl Live Stivk. We 
lived in Spencer for eight years, and the last member 
of our family came to us here. Donna was S'rn 
March 6, 1924. The years in Spencer were gixxl ones 
for us. Our family grew up in the quiet peaceful 
valley. It was beautiful and green in the s-ummer -an 
easy care free life for children to play arvJ venture into 
the hills without worr>' or harm. In wmter tliey could 
ski and sleigh ride and ice-skate. The t.mTi wa.s like 
one big family - everyone entered into all activities. 
My wtirk was to shoe horses and keep sheep wagoas 
in repair Tlie Wcxxl Live Stivk Comiviny raiM-d 
sheep and .sold them It was a big outfit, and a 
successful o[X-ration for many years until the stivk 


We made sheep wagons from scratch—wheels 
and all. We formed the shoes for horses~our forge 
was a big one and we used hand bellows. It took a 
strong man to keep up the heavy work that every day 
demanded. We had a few mean horses that had to be 
put in stocks in order to be shod. Besides work, I was 
a member of the School Board for many years. I was 
the "town barber "-so to speak. All the kids came to 
have me cut their hair, and lots of adults too. The 
nearest barber was in Dubois, 16 miles away— the 
nearest doctor in Idaho Falls, 65 miles away. I guess 
this pretty nearly covers the history of our family 
through Spencer. "Carrie" and I, and all of the 
children went on to fruitful lives in many parts of the 
country, but our days spent in Spencer were among 
the best of all. 

(Hans and Carena returned to Idaho Falls 
where they lived for several years, then moved to 
California to be near a daughter and son-in-law, 
Leonard and Euella Larsen. They were honored in 
1956 for their 50th wedding anniversary by their 

Carena passed away July 21, 1966, sometime 
later Hans also passed away.) 



A. H. Christiansen was a native of Camas 
Meadows. He was born in Kilgore, the son of N.P. 
Christiansen, pioneer rancher of the area. His father, 
"Pete", sold the ranch and went into mercantile 
business, working for many years for Spencer 
Harwood & Company, during the key days of the 
Wood Live Stock Company at Spencer, Idaho. 

He married Eliza Casper December 20, 1919, 
at Rigby, Idaho. 

Eliza was born May 27, 1900, at Lewisville, 
the daughter of George E. and Eliza Wray Casper. 
She lived at Lewisville most of her life before her 
marriage, attending the elementary and high schools at 

Following their marriage they lived in several 
south-eastern Idaho communities including: Arimo, 
Downey, Malad City and Pocatello. They moved to 
Boise in 1932. Upon retirement they moved to 
Oceanside, California, and then to Dubois. 

In 1966 they left Dubois and moved to Idaho 

Falls, where they had their home. 

Albert devoted thirty years of service to the 
Federal Government, occupying the position of Chief 
Attorney for the Veterans Administration, Boise, 
Idaho, from 1930 to 1934, when he was transferred to 
the same sort of position at Des Moines, Iowa. He 
retired from the Federal Service, then he and his wife, 
Eliza, moved to Southern California. The idleness of 
retirement soon sparked a desire to return to the law. 

In October, 1962, Albert, opened a law office 
in the office space formerly occupied by the County 
Agent in the Courthouse, Clark County, in Dubois. 

He assvuned the duties of Clark County 
Attorney on October 8. Mr. W. Joe Anderson, Idaho 
Falls, who was acting as County Attorney, by 
appointment, resigned from the post effective October 
1, 1962. 

In Dubois they rented the new home built by 
Ed Doschades on Oakley Avenue, now owned by 
Marge Bare. 

While residing in Boise she worked for a large 
department store chain and after moving to Des 
Moines she worked for the same company. 

They were the parents of four children: 
George Milton, retired from the army and lives at 
Colorado Springs, Colorado; Wesley Dean, a bomber 
pilot, was lost in the South Pacific during World War 
II; Lelia (Mrs. Sterling Mason) of Idaho Falls, and the 
youngest Sgt. Charles Christiansen, Air Force, of 
Hickham Airforce Base, Hawaii. They had 10 
grandchildren and four great grandchildren. 

She was a member of the LDS Church and for 
many years worked in the Relief Society activities in 
Des Moines. She was in the Relief Society presidency 
and was active in Relief Society bazaars. She was a 
past president of the American Legion Auxiliary in 

She was a crochet artist, quiltmaker and loved 
to cook. 

Eliza passed away at the family home of 
natural causes at the age of 72, in 1972. Burial was 
at the Lewisville Cemetery. Albert has since passed 
away, following an extended illness, and is buried 
beside his wife, in Lewisville, Idaho. 




Linda and '\ k* 

Linda Moore atirrxird wtk«4s at Medicine 
Lodge and Cordova, AU\L» She fraduated from 
Clark County high schi«iJ la DuKas. She later 
graduated from beauty s<:hi«4 in S(>anish Fork, Utah. 
She received her state liccnar as a llrautician in June, 
1959, and was then empUiyrd at Grmcns. She worked 
as a beauty operator and manafrr in Tcrreton and 
Idaho Falls. 

Linda was bom March 29. 1940 in Idaho 
Falls, the daughter of HarUnd Rayntond and Pauline 
Mable Gauchay Moore. 

While a young girl, she enjtiycd horseback 
riding and was one of the best. As kids her cousin 
and brother Brad would play nnlco day after day. 

She married Victor Lav^rence Chrisiensen July 
23, 1959, in Idaho Falls at the First Baptist Church 
with Rev. Goodsom preforming the ceremony. 

"Vic" was bom June 8. 1937 at Milan, 
Minnesota, the son of Chester and Edith Hcxlge 

Their family consisted of three sons and one 
daughter: Virgil Tillman, bom and died August 13, 
1964 in Rexburg, ID; Mark Victor born May 26, 
1966 at Idaho Falls, ID; Jason Lawrence, born July 
28, 1970 in Idaho Falls and Vicki Lee, born October 
11, 1971 in Idaho Falls. 

Linda was an active member of the DuN)is 
Community Baptist Church and served as Sunday 
Sch(X)l treasurer and teacher for Children's Bible 

She was also active in the communit\- in 
P.T.A., and served as District 7 Health Nurse, Vh 
Leader, Vice President of the Clark County Booster 
Club and also for the Clark Count> Rodeo 
Association. She was leader of AJcohoiics 
Anonymous in Clark County and headed the "Ai 
Teen" - working with children connected with drugs 
and alcohol. She worked as secretary for the Beaver 
Creek Ranch near Dubois and was Asst. Clerk for the 
Clark County School District 161. Linja v,as sck 

most of her married life. She had three major 
operations, but you never heard a word of complaint. 

Linda passed away November 25, 1981 in Salt 
Lake City, Utah, and is buried in the DuKiis 



My father entered into [partnership uith David 
Eccles and Hyrum Spencer of Ogden. Utah Tliey 
purchased a stock ranch, northeast of American Falls. 
This property is now submerged by the American 
Falls reservoir. Father managed this ranch It v^us on 
an Island made by the Snake and Port Neuf rivers, and 
known as Horse Island. WTiile living here 1 remember 
the terribly cold winter of 1888. Many o\ the catiie 
froze to death. There were only a few ranches on this 
Island. Our winters were spent here and the catile 
were taken to Beaver Canyon, near the Montana line 
for the summer range. 

My Mother taught me to crochet while li\inj: 
there. One spring while living on thi.s l.sland the ri\er 
rose so fast from the melting snow, that we had to 
take everything across the Port Neuf river in b*vats. 
1 can still see the N^at on that swift river w-aier NNc 
watched the men all day. getting the househi^ld gi^^Kls. 
supplies and clothing over. Then, it came time for the 
family. I remember how I cried and didn't want to 
get in the Kvat. They started the \m\H wjn up the river 
in order to strike a sandbar on the other side. A lot ot 
the small calves were taken in the b*viLs. but all the 
cattle had to swim the river. These wrrc the Pu>necr 
days with no bridges. Our home was three log rv<oni.s 
in a row with dirt nxifs. 

M> father w-as Alfred William Taylor, bi>m 


January 10, 1853 at Harrisville, Utah. His parents 
were Pleasant Green Taylor, bom February 8, 1827, 
at Bowling Green, Kentucky and Clare Lake Taylor, 
bom December 17, 1823, at Emest Town, Ontario, 
Canada. They came to Utah in September, 1850. 

I was the fourth child in a family of eleven 
children. I, Elma Charlotte Taylor Clark, was bom 
November 29, 1879 at Harrisville, Weber County, 
Utah, in a home my father built in 1878. The Hix 
family settled in Harrisville where the Taylor people 
lived. My mother, Ada Marion Hix was bom 
February 26, 1855, in the Goldfields of California, at 
White Oak Township, Eldorado County, near 
Sacramento, California. My father and mother grew 
up together. On April 28, 1873, Alfred Taylor and 
Ada Hix were married in the Old Endowment House 
in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

The first few years of my life were spent in 
Utah. In the spring of 1884, we moved to Idaho in 
covered wagons. One thing I remember on this trip 
most of all, was fording the Port Neuf river. How 
frightened I was when the horses plunged into that 
water. It looked and felt like we were going down 
stream. I remember crying and climbing up in my 
father's arms. 

It was quite a task for our mother, moving 
twice a year. Two or three times we made the trip 
with father as they moved the cattle. It took about ten 
days, but most of the time Mother and we children 
were taken to Pocatello, where we took the train for 
Beaver Canyon. While living at this summer range. 
Father and Mother run a dairy and made butter for the 
town of Beaver Canyon. At this time they were 
widening the narrow gauge rail road into Montana and 
they had lots of men working. 

I want to mention a few things I remember 
about the dairy. We had two quite large milk houses 
built over the Beaver Creek. This helped to keep 
them cool. One had racks built on each side as high 
as you could reach, just wide enough to slip a milk 
pan in. It held hundreds of pans. The other was used 
for churning, working, and molding the butter, which 
was all done by hand. The churn was a large yellow 
one, that stood on four legs and tumed with a crank. 
They would chum about twenty-five pounds of butter 
at a time, and usually chum two or three times a day. 
This was done by hand at first, and later a water 
wheel was put in the creek for power. Mother said 
they made about two thousand pounds of butter each 
summer, with the help of a hired girl. 

Mother worked and molded the butter by 

hand, into two pound round molds. One of my first 
jobs was to cut the butter cloth and help wrap the 
butter, also to help wash pans and buckets. After they 
were washed and scalded they were put out on a long 
table in the sun to dry. 

Mary Harmon worked for Mother at this time. 
She was a beautiful, jolly girl, and John Allen worked 
for Father with the cattle. They were married here at 
the diary. We hadn't seen Mary and John for many 
years until we moved to Idaho in 1924. I had many 
lovely visits with them before they passed away. 
They were a grand couple and our family loved them 
as a brother and sister. 

The Eccles Spencer Company disposed of this 
ranch at American Falls and purchased one in North 
Eastern Idaho, in Sheridan Valley that my father 
managed. In 1890 father bought the home of my 
Grandmother, Charlotte Chase Hix Hurd, in 
Harrisville, after the death of her husband, Tyrus 
Walker Hurd. We spent our winters here, where we 
children could go to school, and our summers at the 
Sheridan ranch. 

I am very grateful to my mother for the many 
things she taught me as a young girl, housekeeping, 
sewing, cooking and care of the children. For in June 
13, 1895, she passed away after the birth of her 
eleventh child. She was just forty years, three months 
and seventeen days at the time of her death. Two 
children had preceded her in death. This was a 
terrible shock to my father, who was suddenly left 
with nine motherless children. I was fifteen and my 
brother Fred, was older. The younger children were 
Algin Ernest, Clare Ethel, Harold Walker, Almela 
Marian, Aft June, Lelia Idell and Warren Waine, who 
was five weeks old when mother passed away. He 
passed away at the age of eleven months with measles. 

After mother's death father sold the Farr West 
home in Utah and we moved to Idaho, so we children 
could be with father where his work was. The first 
summer Aunt Lucetta Marler stayed with us and for 
the next five years, I took care of the family. 

In the fall of 1895 we moved into Beaver 
Canyon, as all the roads were blocked with snow 
during the winter. The next spring 1896, we moved 
back to the Sheridan Ranch, and I took care of the 
children. Our nearest neighbor was ten miles away. 
Father had a contract for carrying the mail from 
Beaver Canyon to Arangee (now called Trude) a 
distance of fifty miles, and was not home much of the 
time. I would like to mention a faithful old dog, (he 
was a large black mastiff) we had by the name of 


Nero. When Father was away he seemed to think it 
was his duty to take over. Quite a large creek called 
the Sheridan Creek ran between our house and the 
barn. There was a foot bridge across it, and when 
Father was away no stranger could cross that bridge, 
unless some of us gave permission. We never felt 
afraid to be alone if old Nero was with us. 

Another thing I was very grateful for, was that 
I had observed some of the things Mother did when 
the children were sick. We never had a doctor, but 
with home made canker medicine, caster-oil, mustard 
plasters and flax seed meal for poultices, we seemed 
to get along. Many a night I have stayed up all night, 
afraid to go to bed, when my little sister, Lily would 
have the croup. I think many times the mustard 
plasters and flaxseed poultices have perhaps saved 
their lives. 

Once when Lily wa> a htile girl, she was 
bitten on the arm by a d«»g It NVkclU*d up two or three 
times it's normal size arxJ shr ^kis very sick with a 
high fever. I put the vcarm tUt \cr\l p»»ultices on all 
day and night, keeping iN-m ^trm by changing them 
about every half hour. <\^c ^uJ »»> K^ v^-ater bottles 
or electric pads in those tUy\) h *rrmcd to draw out 
the inflammation and she p«t well Annther time my 
brother, Harold, stepped «»o « rusty nail, he had a 
terribly swollen foot and h4% in »i' much pain. Again 
I applied flax seed p<)ulu».e\ t<* ahi^it twenty-four 
hours and all the swelling left «nj he vkas soon better. 
Along with the poultices, there %kx\ a prayer in my 
heart. I would be frightened li» Jeath now of lock jaw 
or (hydrophobia.) 

We lived at Beaver tu^* %Mniers, then moved 
to Spencer. The town of Beaver Canyon was moved 
about five miles to the south of the canyon and called 
Spencer; we lived on a ranch ab«»ut a mile north of the 
town. Father had a contract petung ciut logs for a 
sawmill and I with the help of my younger sisters 
cooked for the men most of the \Mnier. In the fall of 
1897 we moved to Grant, Idah*). v^hich was farming 
community north of Idaho Falls, v^-here a number of 
Father's brothers and sisters lived. 

The first winter we rented a three rcxim log 
house with dirt roof belonging to a Mr. Cole. Father 
was home most of this winter feeding a large number 
of horses and over hauling wagons, scrapers and other 
machinery for a railroad grading contract he had in 
Wyoming the next spring. While dad was away at 
work, we lived at different times with various 
relatives, with arrangements made to part of the 
house, with me taking care of the children and 

cooking for them. This gave my dad the opportunity 
to carry out his contract, yet be able to provide for his 
growing family. 


Frances died at a young age after being kicked 
on the head by a horse just prior to the families move 
to Medicine Lodge. 

She was the third child and second daughter, 
born to Senator "Sam" and Elizabeth Clark in 
Centennial Valley, Montana. 

She was buried in Dillon, Montana. When 
her parents moved to Medicine Ltxlge, they wanted to 
move her bcxiy to Dubois. However, it v,-as 
discovered that her body had been removed from the 
grave. Her father, "Sam", spent considerable tjme 
and money investigating the robben,. Lack of 
evidence made it impossible to prosecute the suspected 

Her mother, Elizabeth, was never told of the 
robbery, and assumed to her ov.-n death that her 
daughter was at rest in the Dubois cemeter\. There 
was no marker placed on the grave site, at Dukus. 
consequendy, the grave of young Frances Clark is, as 
a matter of record, lost. 



John, \nn;i A\\i\ I "in 
"Tish" ( lino. \ ^.I'M: 


The first child of Samuel Knowles Clark, 
John Robinson Clark was bom in Montana on June 1 , 

At the Idaho Technical Institute he learned all 
the trades and skills necessary to operate a ranch 

He farmed independently for five years, then 
joined his interests with those of his father to manage 
their ranches. He sold eighteen hundred acres of dry 
and irrigated land and took up bee culture. For three 
years he was engaged in raising pure bred Hereford 
cattle on a nine hundred acre ranch in Montana. 

On the 24th of December 1912 he married 
Miss Anna Rasmussen Robinson. They had four 
children, Frances Marian born August 29, 1914, 
Connie Elizabeth born July 3, 1918, John Robinson 
born March 4, 1920, and Laura born February 28, 

Mr. Clark moved to Filer in 1936. He 
continued for a time raising bees and working in 
construction. During World War II he was employed 
in defense construction in Washington and California. 
After the war he rejoined his family in Filer and 
continued to work in all phases of home construction. 

When he retired at age 77 he spent his time 
tending his acreage in Filer. 

To his four children and two grandchildren he 
represented strength, calmness and stability. 

Mr. Clark died in Twin Falls on June 27, 
1968, age 81. 


Anna Rasmussen Clark was born in Necedah, 
Wisconsin on January 31, 1884 six months after her 
parents arrived in the United States from Denmark. 

She attended Stevens Point Normal School, 
Wisconsin and received her teaching certificate on 
June 17, 1910. She journeyed to Colville, 
Washington to take her first teaching assignment. It 
was while she was teaching at Squirrel, Idaho that she 
met her future husband, John R. Clark. They were 
married December 24, 1912 in Idaho Falls. 

Mrs. Clark ran for the office of County 
Superintendent of Public Instruction in 1931 and won 
handily over W. B. Strong. She attended the College 
of Idaho, Caldwell, to fulfill requirements necessary 
to take up the new job. She held the post until 1937. 
Her many duties included periodic trips throughout the 
county visiting the schools and monitoring teachers. 

She set aside time from her regular schedule to tutor 
children who needed additional help in their studies. 
She took an extremely active part in all phases of the 
education of the children of the county, including 
preparation of material for inclusion into textbooks. 
Mrs. Clark's achievements in the field of education 
earned her a place in Whose Who in Idaho. 

When she joined her husband in Filer in the 
winter of 1937 she continued her interest in education. 
She was a deep inspiration to her four children and 
two grandchildren, encouraging them to pursue 
advanced education and to achieve to the limit of their 

She died in Twin Falls October 20, 1958. 
(Note) I have used the Danish name Rasmussen. For 
what I feel was a frivolous reason the father's name 
was changed to Robinson because a paymaster could 
not spell (or pronounce) his name correctly. 

Children of John Robinson Clark and Anna 
Rasmussen Clark: 

Frances Marian Clark was born August 29, 
1914. She attended schools in Dubois and Wilder. 
After graduation from high school she went to Albion 
State Normal School from 1932 to 1934. After 
receiving her teaching certificate she taught at Howe, 
Idaho. On June 1, 1936 she married Lyle Capson 
Seddon of Salt Lake City, Utah. They resided at the 
Triumph Mine near Hailey, Idaho from 1936 to 1944. 
During this period their only child, Carol, was bom 
on May 3, 1941. 

After moving to Filer in 1944 they owned and 
operated a meat packing business. When her husband 
died in 1960, Mrs. Seddon continued to manage their 
business for an additional four years. After selling her 
business she returned to teaching in the Twin Falls 
school system. In 1973 she earned her Bachelor Of 
Arts Degree from Idaho State University. 

She retired ft-om teaching in 1982. In 1986 she 
moved to Boise. Mrs. Seddon died June 29, 1989. 

Connie Elizabeth Clark was bom July 3, 
1918. She attended Dubois, Medicine Lodge and 
Pocatello schools and earned her teaching certificate 
from Gooding College in 1936. She taught in the 
Blackfoot school system from 1936 to 1938, the Curry 
school system from 1938 to 1939 and the Filer school 
system from 1939 to 1944. 

On December 1, 1944 she married Charles A. 
Garey of San Jose, California. Their only child, 
Charles Lee, was born September 20, 1945. 

In 1948 she returned to teaching at Curry, 


working there until 1956. From 1956 until her 
retirement in 1981 she taught in the Filer school 
system. Mrs. Garey resides in Filer. 

John Robinson Clark. Jr. was born March 
4, 1920. He attended schools in Dubois, Medicine 
Lodge and Filer. 

During World War II he was employed in 
defense construction in Washington. In 1944, when 
he returned to Twin Falls, he married Betty Jane Scott 
in August of that year. He was associated with his 
father in the construction business prior to his death 
August 24, 1963, age 43. 

Laura Clark Scovel was bom on Medicine 
Lodge February 28, 1926. She attended schools at 
Dubois and Medicine Lodge. 

From 1944 to 1947 she attended the College 
of Idaho and in 1948 graJaiteJ from Idaho State 

December 26, 1953 shr nurried Victor L. 
Scovel of Gooding, Idah«» 

When she complt-irj her 5th year of college at 
Los Angeles State, she tiu^t in the Alhambra City 
Schools. When her hush«r^ an international 
development economist. acvef%>J a pi«utM)n abroad in 
1963, she left the United Sute^ f*w hasJ Pakistan. 

Mrs. Scovel remainrJ ahrnad for 20 years 
during which time she %ka% invtWvcd in both 
admistration and teaching in international schools. 
Her posts included Dacca. IasA Pakistan; Riyadh, 
Saudi Arabia on two diftereni »«ccasions; Rio de 
Janeiro, Brazil; Teheran. Iran. Sulawesi, Indonesia; 
and Dhaka, Bangladesh. 

She currently reside* in Bt» with her 
husband, Victor L. Scovel. There are no children. 

REMINISCENCES . . told to me by my father, J. R Clark - 

During severe winter blizzards in the 
Centennial Valley a rope line v^-as used as a guide to 
the out buildings. 

A doctor tried to help Frances Clark after she 
was kicked in the head by a horse called "Watch". 
(She had attempted to get on it while it was getting 
up.) Mrs. Clark swabbed the wound U^ing to keep it 
clean, however, the child died shortly thereafter. 
When the family decided to move to Medicine Uxlge 
she requested that the childs body accompany them 
and be reburied there. Mr. Clark and son, John, 
opened the coffin and found it empty. Apparently, the 
^ctor had removed the body to determine why the 
wnild hadn't recovered. Mr. Clark did not tell his 


One of the older hands, Fred Chase, was 
attacked and injured by an enraged boar while he v-as 
feeding the pigs. He shouted for help but was ignored 
for a time as it was normal for him to holler at 
animals as he fed them. When he was found it was 
discerned he had been severely injured in his leg and 
had attempted to get his boot off. He was attacked 
repeatedly. The boar fled. John Clark chased it on 
horseback and shot it. Mr. Clark wanted to know 
why he had killed the boar as it had been imported 
from France and was a valuable animal. ( Mr. Chase 
did not survive the attack.) 

Two of the Chinese cooks on the ranch 
decided to go horseback riding. Youngsters "Tom' 
and John hid in the high grass near the road and 
frightened the horses as the cooks rode by. A hail of 
Chinese words rent the air as the horses shot out of 
control. A "Judas" goat was used to load sheep on to 
the rail cars. When the car was filled, the goat would 
extricate himself from the mass and walk over their 
backs to get out of the car. 

I RECALL . . . 
... Paul Gauchay, with ruddy face and N^-avy black 
hair, calling the square dances at Lidy Hin Springs. 
... Frances and Connie Clark in English riding 

... the Denning and Clark commissary filled with 
woolen blankets and other supplies for the cowboys 
and herders. 

... Mrs. Robert Chastain's tasty schix)! lunches 
which she prepared for Anna Faye. Almost every da\ 
my objective was to swap a part of my lunch for hers. 
... beeves hanging from derricks ... hides of beeves 
(resembling in shape a map of the United Sutes) 
hanging to dry on fences. 

... Granville Gauchay breaking horses in his corral 
... Elton Small throwing bullets in the p»u bellifd 
stove of our schcxil bus (campwagon). 
... Lard pails u.sed as lunch buckets. 
... a little "b(M)k" with string and pencil atuched 
accompanied each young lady as they attended the 
dances in Dubois and Lidy Hoi Springs Pnvvpeclive 
dance partners were dutitully rect>rded in this b«x>k 
Ball gowas were ile rigueur on these iKcasions. 

elciiions in (he offinj:, An Hurnside drove back 
and for\h on Main Sweet v,i\h v^ appi-ared to be the 
skin of a donkey drawn tner a frame nv>unted in the 
back of his pickup (A tnie IVm.vr.U in KepuhJKjn 



Newspaper articles were pasted into the 1881 
Bible of Eliza Robinson (Clark) as listed: 

A Serious Accident. 

Sunday, April 1st, the 5-year-old daughter of 
the well known Samuel K. Clark of Centennial Valley, 
met with a most deplorable accident. The little one 
was playing in the yard and discovering that her pony 
was lying down she got upon its back. The pony 
jumped up, causing the child to fall off, then the pony 
kicked the child. The hoof struck the child just above 
the right eye fracturing the skull nearly three inches in 
length and imbedding a portion of the fractured bone 
in the brain substance. Dr. T. C. Wilson, of Idaho 
Falls, was telegraphed for and upon his arrival at once 
recognized the gravity of the case and wired for Dr. 
Jones, of Idaho Falls. 

They elevated the fractured skull and removed 
all the fragments of bone and lacerated brain that was 
exposed and dressed the wound. Doctor Wilson 
remained with the child and from our last account, of 
April 9th, the child was improving. Date: 1895 
written in ink — We were pained to hear of S. K. 
Clark's little daughter getting kicked by a horse. Her 
skull was badly fractured. The latest report is that she 
will get well. She narrowly escaped death. Date: 
1895 died written in ink 

Everyone was greatly surprised to hear of the 
death of little Frances Clark, as it was supposed she 
was getting well. Mr. and Mrs. Clark have the 
sympathy of everybody. Written in ink: S.K.C. 
1895, Centennial Valley, Montana 

Written in back of the Bible in ink. 
Mrs. S. K. Clark 

Elizabeth Robinson married Samuel Knowles 
Clark 1885 in Cambridge Ohio. 

S.K.C. came to Montana 1877; he walked 
from Blackfoot to Dillon before the railroad came. 
He went to work for the Poindexter and Orr Co., 
known as P & 0, and lived 11 years in Centennial 
Valley, Montana. He came to Idaho in 1896, and 
settled on Medicine Lodge. He bought the Collier 
ranch adjoining the Small ranch on the South, then 
sold to Ben Hunsaker 1898. Hunsaker sold to 
Denning & Swauger 1900. 



"Lee" & "Bill" 

Our father, Lawrence Leo Clark, known to his 
friends and neighbors as "Lee", was born November 
30, 1903. He was the seventh child, of a family of 
eight, of Moses Chester and Annie Geisler Clark born 
at Menan at the family home. 

As a child he received his education in 
Menan. "Lee" had an older brother, William Moses, 
called "Bill", also born at Menan, March 20, 1897. 

In 1921 their father helped them purchase 160 
acres, belonging to R.L. Bybee. In 1922 they rented 
the family farm, after which they formed a 
partnership, which lead to the development of their 
operation in the cattle and farming business. 

These two brothers were close to each other, 
they even double dated. 

"Lee" meet his future wife through a blind 
date, arraigned by his sister. The young lady, Belva 
Miller, lived east of "Lee" about three quarters of a 
mile. She was the daughter of Henry E. and Caroline 
Gneiting Miller, the oldest in a family of ten children. 

"Bill" met "Lillie" Rottweiler at a party and 
began to date her. These four, along with other 
couples in the neighborhood, all dated together. 

"Lee" and Belva were married December 17, 
1927, by Judge Larsen of Menan. They lived with his 
folks until April, when they moved into a house they 

To this union five children were born: 
Margene (Clark) Sheppard, Annis, Glenda (Clark) 
Merrill, Pocatello, Jerry and Robert of the family 
home in Menan, and Carolyn (Clark) Lee, of 
Terreton, Idaho. 


"Lee" and Belva worked very hard to get 
ahead. They taught their children well how to work 
on the family farm, where some of their jobs were to 
learn to hoe and thin beets, pick spuds, and raise 850 

s I 

Larry & Carol >n Clark Lee 

"Bill" and "Lillie" were nurr»rJ August 25, 1926. To 
this union came five children IrsUrr. of the family 
home in Menan, "Fred" t»f S.«mpw», Keith of Moses 
Clark in Menan, Carol of P.<tl^nJ, Oregon and 
Donna (Clark) Mindenhal! .<( (irj^c 

"Bill" was called k> vrvr in World War I, 
while "Lee", his father, and »itt» thr help of younger 
brother, Calvin, kept the Urm f'^'Mf w*^^' "Bill" was 

Calvin, the younger br<Kher. Uler moved to 
Butte, Montana, where he H^«rkrd in the Mines, until 
his death in the late 1960s. 

When "Bill" returr»ed hrnne from the service, 
he, "Lee" and their father, cuntirxjed the family 
farming business. 

On "Bill's" farm v^-as a Urge orchard of 
yellow transparent apples. Each tall the two brothers 
and families, would pick apples, arxl sell them 
for added cash. 

"Bill" and his wife, als*) raised and cared for 
850 chickens. 

"Lee" and "Bill" and all the neighbors would 
gather each fall to thresh their grain crop. They all 
went to each neighlx)rs and helped thresh grain, then 
over to the Clark farm where they would complete this 

Belva and "Lillie" t(K)k turns c(K)king for these 
large gatherings of friends and neighbors. The 

men always thanked the ladies for their excellent 
meals. I don't think I ever heard of anyone going 
away from their tables hungry. 

Eventually through the brothers hard work, 
they were able to also acquire more cattle. 

While "Lee" rode tor Geisler Brothers in the 

summer trailing cattle to Bone, Idaho, he met 
"Bill" Flint IIL They became good friends. "BiU" 
Flint worked a cowboy for this cattle association, 
where he was working for George Mackert. 

Through this friendship, "Lee" and "Bill" 
Clark, "Bill" Flint, J. A. Duffy, Reed S. Brov^-n, 
Robert F. Kerr, and Otto E. Anderson, were able to 
purchase a ranch in Modoc, located in Clark County. 

On June 28, 1943, they purchased this ranch, 
along with this range came forest rights and a water 
right in Paul's Reservoir. 

.Terry. Robert & Keith Clark 
Modoc Water Project on $ch(K)l Section 

B.H. Paul built this dam in aKmt 1910. The 
dam was raised and repaired by "Lee" and "Bill", 
along with "Bill Flint and "Ei<ib" Kerr. This .same 
dam had to be rebuilt in 1980 by Robert and Terry- 
Clark, Keith Clark, Nick Mickelsen and Lloyd Ga.sser. 

In the spring of each year, "Lee" and "Bill" 
would trail their cattle from the home place in Mcrun. 
to the ranch at Modoc located in Clark Count). This 
entailed a seventy-five mile ride, which ti>ik s*»me 
seven days to complete. Tlie annual trail drive u^is 
when all the family members were called up»^n to ukc 
part, which they all Uxiked to being a part ot the 
family outing. 

When the cattle reached Hamer. tlie> v.ouiJ 
be joined with "Hill" I linis herd and contmue on the 
U-ail north to Modoc. The other members ot this 
a.ssociation gradually .sold their shares to 'Lee' and 
"Bill" Clark. "Bill" llint rcLiirvd his sh.ires. 

This ranch had meadow grass, which was cut 
and bailed by "Lee" Clark. "Bill" Mint and his vMtc. 

I recall one s-ummer. "Ire" and '}^o' v^rrc 
.setting at the back on the Kiiier. tying the hails by 


hand, when the axle on the bailer broke. It fell on 
dad's leg. "Bill" and "Flo" had a real tough time 
getting this off his leg. As you might have guessed, 
it broke his leg and mashed his foot. He had to have 
a bone removed from his foot, which cause him to 
walk with a permanent limp. 

All family members took part in the branding 
of the calves at Modoc. "Bill" Flint would rope the 
calves, while "Lee" and "Bill" would brand. 

"Bill" Flint later sold his share of the ranch to 
Lloyd Gasser and Nick Midkelsen, who retain this 
range today. 

Due to "Lee" and "Bill's" faiUng health, they 
sold their shares to their sons. 

"Lee" sold his share of the ranch to his sons, 
Terry and Robert, September 21, 1974. 

"Bill" sold his to his son, Keith in 1976. This 
ranch still remains in the Lee family today. 


Dillon, Montana - May 18, 1864 


My silent friend, it has now been over a 
month since I last wrote you and since then have had 
no word from you. Considering that I have given you 
plenty of time, it is my duty to write you again to give 
you a chance to make known the cause of delay. This 
is but a repetition of a like occurrence that has 
happened 2 or 3 times before during our 
correspondence, and hope will not occur soon again. 
My friend Lide, I have seldom, if ever, corresponded 
with anyone but yourself, that I would consider it my 
duty to write the second letter without receiving any 
reply. And I hope I do not overestimate you when I 
say that I consider you too dear a friend to allow any 
probable mistake or accident to sever us. I do not like 
to find fault, but even if you did not receive my last, 
I think after due time you should have written 
anyhow. I know well the independent way you view 
those matters, but for my part, Lide, this independent 
style between you and me has ended. I propose being 
fair and honest with you and abide by the 
consequences. Am sorry I have not heard from you; 
I would like to write you concerning matters of 
importance that I must necessarily withhold until I 
hear from you. And I sincerely hope this will receive 

an inmiediate reply. Well, Lide, do not know of any 
Montana news that would greatly interest you. I went 
to Dillon today and attended church, the first for a 
long time. I tell you I am getting to be one of the best 
boys you ever saw. But ah(?) the old adage gives me 
away "self brag is half scandal." Well, guess I had 
better bring this to an exit. But under any 
circumstances I want you to write, for if you are to be 
named to some other person, I would like the privilege 
of at least wishing you well. 

Your friend till death, 

S.K. Clark 



"Sam" and Elizabeth 

At the age of 19, "Sam" left his home and 
family in Cambridge, Ohio, to become a Pioneer of 
the Wild West. 

Traveling by train to Blackfoot, Idaho-the end 
of the rails, he walked to Dillon, Montana, where he 
was hired by Pondexter & Orr Livestock Company. 
In 1884 he filed on a homestead in the Centennial 
Valley, Montana. After building a one room log 
cabin in 1885 he returned to Cambridge to marry his 
childhood sweetheart, Elizabeth Robinson, They 
returned to Montana and their new home and cattle 
ranch where four of their five children were bom: 
John Robinson, 1887-1965; Mable Jane, 1890-1968; 
Frances, 1891-1895, and Samuel Thomas, 1893-1978. 
Frances was killed by a horse in 1896 and was buried 
in Dillon, Montana. Coney was bom in 1896 in 
Idaho. (Picture and story on page 761.) 

In 1896 "Sam" purchased the Erving Collier 


Ranch on Medicine Lodge. The $1200.00 price 
included 160 acres, several log buildings and a brown 
bear. He packed up his family, rounded up the 
livestock, and headed for Medicine Lodge, arriving 
just in time for the birth of their fifth child. Coney 
Elizabeth. The livestock were apparently driven to 
Sheep Creek and over the divide at the head of 
Medicine Lodge. 

By 1911 "Sam" and Elizabeth had purchased 
Medicine Lodge and Dubois Real Estate and Livestock 
from such firms and individuals as, Pyke Brothers 
Land and Livestock Company, "Bill" and Jane 
Robson, and Frank Swauger. 

They owned and operated 900 acres 3 miles 
west of Dillon, Montana, where they were breeding 
200 purebred Hereford cows. Daughter Jane, and 
son, "Tom" traveled from Medicine Lodge to Dillon 
by horse and buggy to take care of the irrigating. 

The new Idaho holdings became known as 
Clark and Sons Livestock Company, consisting of 
1600 acres ranch land, 3400 head of cattle, 150 head 
of horses, and various commercial and residential 
buildings in Dubois. The Denning and Swauger 
Sheep Company became known as Denning and Clark 
Sheep Company operating, at the time, in the Birch 
Creek and Little Lost River area, boasting 22000 head 
of sheep, and about 600 acres of ranch land. 

In 1914 Clark and Sons Livestock Company, 
and Denning and Clark Sheep Company merged, 
becoming Clark and Denning Livestock Company. 

In 1915— "Sam" along with Elmer Davis, 
promoted the first Bank in Dubois. The building was 
completed in 1916 and "Sam" was elected president of 
the Security State Bank of Dubois by the stock 

"Sam" acquired interest in the West Chicago 
Stock Yards and The Western Livestock Loan 
Company of Salt Lake and Pocatello. He became 
active in civic affairs and politics. He served as 
Representative of Fremont County, and in 1919 had 
the new county, Clark County, named in his honor. 
He served various terms from 1919 through 1931 and 
as its Senator, the position he held at his death in 

In 1919-1920 Senator "Sam", realizing he 
could not effectively manage The Clark and Denning 
Livestock Company and continue his civic, and 
political activities, tran.sferred by deed 49% of the 
Company stock to James Denning and named him 
General Manager. The Company became know as 
Denning and Clark Livestock Company. 

Senator "Sam" died March 15, 1933 and his 
wife, Elizabeth, died 10 days later, March 24, 1933. 
They and 4 of their children are buried in the Dubois 





S. K. Clark 

I, Laura Clark Scovel, wish U) thank Mrs. 
Bonnie Stoddard for inviting me to participate in the 
Clark County Centennial Celebration in DuUiis. June 
29, 1990. 

Last year I became involved in preparing the 
design for the seal for Clark Count\, again at her 
invitation. This project has K*en s-ucoessfully 
completed by Mr. Scott Hall, Mr. TiKld Han.s*in arxl 
Mr. Noel Weber of Classic Sign Studio, R^ise. 1 am 
pleased they look my rather crude design and 
enhanced it to an arustic state. The design uas 
inspired by the desert and one of the beauutul wild 
plants, the Indian Paint Some ot the early 
brands taken from the brand registry Kx>k m the Stale 
Archives are an integral part o( the design I felt it 
was particularly fitting Mr. Clark's name be- u.scd as 
well. The .seals of the fort>' tour Id.iho counurs are 
miw permanently displayed on Capitol lioulevard in 
Boise. The Unveiling tixik place on July ^. I'M) 
Thomas Carlyle. a noted British historian, who lived 
from 1705 to 1881. is reputed to Ium- s.iid. "HiMory 
is the essence oi innumerable biographies'. 

WTien I began my on (Mark County 
I became engro.vsed m the place nanK\s. Udy Hi>t 


Springs, Spencer, Winsper and many otiiers. What 
enthralling accounts each of these men and women 
must have told about this area. 

We are indebted to those who, with a strong 
sense of history, recorded the notable events in the 
Uves of those who were motivated to strike out with 
little more tfian a strong desire to achieve. While 
their primary objective many have been to benefit 
themselves they ultimately influenced the fortunes of 

One such man was Samuel Knowles Clark, for 
whom this county was named. Mr. Clark was bom in 
Cambridge, Ohio in 1858. His parents, John and 
Mary Clark, were natives of Ohio. He attended the 
pubUc schools and worked on his parent's farm during 
vacations. In 1877, at the age of 19, he left for 

When he arrived near Blackfoot he walked to 
Dillon, Montana. According to his eldest son, John 
Clark, his father walked at night and hid during the 
day to avoid Indians. In Dillon he was hired by 
Poindexter and Orr Livestock Company of Beaverhead 
County. In 1879, he built several miles of jack fence 
on the Blacktail Creek east of Dillon. He worked for 
them for seven years. In 1884 he filed on a 
homestead in Montana's Centennial Valley. The 
following years, 1885, he built a one-room cabin with 
no floor. He then returned to Cambridge to marry a 
childhood friend, Elizabeth Robinson. Miss Robinson, 
whose parents were ft-om Ireland, was bom in 
Cambridge, Ohio on January 23, 1861, During their 
time in the Centennial Valley heavy snows only 
permitted trips to Lima, then called Alderdice, during 
the spring and fall. Raising cattle provided their main 
source of income. 

During the eleven years they lived in Montana 
four children were bora: John in 1887, Jane in 1890, 
Frances 1891 and Thomas in 1893. Frances was 
fatally injured when a pony kicked her in tiie head in 
April 1895. Three other daughters were bom, Coney 
in 1896 and two infants who died. 

In 1896, six years after Idaho statehood, Mr. 
and Mrs. Clark moved to Medicine Lodge when 
Hyrum F. Clark, not related, spoke highly of the area. 
They purchased the Irving CoUier ranch for $1200. 
This price included not only 160 acres and buildings, 
but also a resident brown bear. In 1899 this ranch 
was sold to Ben Hunsaker. (Two years later Mr. 
Hunsaker sold to sheepmen Denning and Swauger of 
Little Lost River). 

In 1900 Mr. and Mrs. Clark purchased 50 

percent interest in Pyke Brothers of Medicine Lodge. 
Pioneers Jim Nibley, Billy Robson and W.A. Pyke 
homesteaded this area. In 1904, an additional 160 
acres were bought from Bill and Jack Robson. Pyke 
Brothers and Clark Land and Livestock Company 
were incorporated by 1906. In this same year they 
purchased the Frank Swauger interest in Denning and 
Swauger Sheep Company. Denning and Clark was 

The Clarks bought out Pyke Brothers interest 
in Pyke and Clark in 1911. All of their holdings 
became known as Clark and Sons Livestock Company. 
Three years later, 1914, Denning and Clark took over 
this firm. More land and livestock was purchased 
after the merger. In 1917, they bought the Elmer 
Davis ranch of 330 acres with all range and water 
rights in addition to 400 head of cattle. At their 
height they ran 33,000 head of sheep ad 2,000 head of 

Ranches purchased were those operated by 
Charles Watts, Ed Kauftnan and the Ransom ranches 
on Birch Creek. Two hundred purebred Herefords 
were fed and grazed on their 900 acre ranch three 
miles west of Dillon, Montana. The Clarks other 
interests included the West Chicago Stock Yards, 
Westem Livestock Loan Company of Salt Lake City 
and Pocatello. Other holdings were in Dubois, 
including the Poulson Hotel, which later burned. Mr. 
Clark was president of the Security State Bank of 
Dubois, incorporated in 1919. 

In addition to all of these activities, Mr. Clark 
served as representative for Fremont County and when 
Clark County was created by Governor David W. 
Davis, February 1, 1919, he became Senator. 

His political allegiance was to the Republican 
Party. Fraternally he was associated with the 
Benevolent Protective Order of Elks and the Knights 
of the Maccabees. He was of Episcopal faith. 

In one of his last letters which he wrote fi-om 
Boise to his son, John and family, he mentioned that 
the work of the legislature was tiring him, but the 
tenor of the letter indicated a keen interest in the 
legislative proceedings and his business affairs. 
Fifteen days later Mr. Clark entered the LDS Hospital 
in Idaho Falls. He died March 15, 1933. His wife, 
Elizabeth, entered the hospital four days after her 
husband. She died March 24, 1933. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clark epitomized the dynamism 
inherent in pioneer stock. 

Finally, I wish to thank Mrs. Stoddard for her 
sense of history in the arduous task of documenting 


the chronicles of this area. I also want to thank Mrs. 
Connie Clark Garey, Miss Carol Seddon and Miss 
Virginia Clark for the contributions they have made to 
the Idaho State Historical Museum and the State 
Archives. Other items preserved by John R. Clark, 
Jr. and Frances Clark Seddon were donated in their 
names by myself. Mrs. Juila Ford and Elizabeth 
Jaycox of the State Archives were particularly helpful 
to me. 

Thanking you for your time and attention. MRS. LAUR,\ 
CLARK SCOVTL (Granddaughter of Samuel Knowels Clark i 


Charles Sparks. Dortha & 

"Sam" Clark. Jr. "Tom" Clark. 

(front) Susie Sparks. Eunice Clark 

Samuel "Sam" K. Clark, comely known as 
"Young Sam" was the only son of Samuel Thomas 
"Tom" and Anna Eunice Clark of Medicine Lodge. 

"Sam" was bom July 10, 1919, at the Idaho 
Falls Hospital. He resided at Medicine Lodge, Small, 
Idaho from 1919 to 1940, on the home ranch located 
one mile north of the Small Post Office and one half 
mile east of the Medicine Lodge School house. 

He grew up on Medicine Lodge where he 
assisted the family in their sheep ranching operations. 
It was here he also attended his early years of schools 
in the little brick school of District #24. Basketball 
and baseball were his favorite subjects, and he played 
on the main team of both sports. 

"Sam" then served five years in the U.S. Air 

Force during Worid War n, mostly in the South 
Pacific. After his discharge, he spent several years 
attending various Universities. He was 

employed by the National Park Service, serving in 
Idaho's Craters of the Moon and Cahfomia's Death 
Valley. He became interested in electronics, moved 
to California, and has retired from active work in 
design and manufacturing of electrical computer 
systems for mihtary and space programs. 

In 1949 he married Dortha 0. Sparks, 
daughter of Charles and "Susie" Sparks, prominent 
members of the farming communities of Lost River 
Valley and New Sweden, near Idaho Falls. 

Retirement years have brought them back to 
Clark County where they spend much of the summers 
in Spencer, then back to their home in Chatsworth, 
Cahfomia, during the Nvinter months. 

"Sam" and Dortha have enjoyed their family of 
four children including: Allen, Gary, Richard and 
Charles. Fun times now are with their grandchildren. 

"Sam's" cherished memories of Clark County 

were many, but those that seem to stand out include: 

Trip to Dubois via covered v^-agon to bring home a 

new sister; Perched on granddad Clark's shoulders and 

shaking hands v,ith President Harding; First day at 

Medicine Lodge school under watchful eye of Glad>-s 

Thomas; Annual Easter picnic sponsored and catered 

by the 'Best Cooks in the World", Annual April 1st 

Expedition to those challenging cliffs of Rocky Hollow 

and the mysterious caverns beneath the class room 

floors of Medicine Lodge school; Record shattenng 

sporting events, especially those home games played 

in our unique basketball gvm v^ith its low ceiling and 

flickering gas lanterns; the lights would go out v^hen 

the visitors had the ball; This same g>m with the 

addition of a homemade stage hosted 'The greatest 

shows on earth." The names are long forgotten, hut 

the stars will be remembered forever; The man> 

swinging dances; These and many, many more make 

for the fondest memories of time, place arxJ the finest 

people in the world. 




Eunice and "Tom" 

Son of the man for whom Clark County is 
named, it is no wonder that "Tom" Clark had a 
lifelong interest in Idaho's pioneer hist4>ry. "Tom" 
was born October 22, 1893 to Samuel K. and 
Elizabeth Robinson Clark in the Centt-nnul Valley, 
Beaverhead County, Montana. Samixrl CUrk moved 
his family to Medicine Lodge (Small) m 18% and 
later served as the first state vrruitv tnmi the 
newly-formed county. As a young man. 'Tttm' was 
active in the management of the CUrk and Sons 
Corporation, Clark Pyke LivestcKk Ct>mpany and the 
Denning and Clark Corporation vvith mterests in 
sheep, cattle and ranching. He also served several 
terms as water-master of District 37 and trustee of 
Medicine LxxJge School District and vk-as a member of 
the Clark County Republican Central Committee. He 
was also a livestock appraiser. 

"Tom" married Eunice Daniel, daughter of G. 
S. and Saddle Core Daniel. She was born September 
14, 1896 at Pepsin, Newton County, Missouri. In 
1914, her parents took up a homestead in the Sweet 
Sage District, about three miles southeast of Lidy, 
moving from Garfield, Washington. "Tom" and 
Eunice were married in Idaho Falls on October 22, 
1916. The ceremony was performed by the Rev. Mr. 
Sutiff, pastor of the Presbyterian Church, in the 
special parlor of the Hotel Eleanor. Mrs. Clark 
shared her husband's interest in Idaho history and was 
known as an active homemaker. 

In later years, "Tom" and Eunice owned the 
River Terrace Trailer Court in Idaho Falls, as well as 
the Craters of the Moon Monument concession near 
Arco. They retired to Hemet, California. 

The Clarks had two children, "Sam" K. of 
Chatsworth, California and Virginia of Hawthorne, 
California. They had four grandsons and four 

great-grandchildren. "Tom" was preceded in death by 
a brother, John, and two sisters, Mrs. Coney Hill and 
Mrs. Jane Gauchay. 





Jane Clark married Granville Gauchay; Frances Clark, 
deceased; Coney Clark married Wilbur Lee Hill; 
Samuel Thomas Clark married Eunice Daniel - They 
had three children, one daughter died; Virginia K.; 
and Samuel K. "Sam" married Dorotha Sharp. They 
have three sons, Charles, Richard S. and Jason 


(John Robinson was the eldest son of Samuel Knowles 


Frances M. married Lyle C. Seddon, they have one 
daughter, Carol; Connie E. married Charles A. Garey, 
they have one son, Charles L. Garey, who married 
Sheryl Johnson; John R,, Jr. married Betty J. Scott; 
Laura married Victor L. Scovel. 






Virginia spent her growing up years on 
Medicine Lodge at the family sheep ranch. 

She was the only daughter of Samuel Thomas 
"Tom" and Eunice Daniels Clark, and had one 
brother, Samuel "Sam" K. 

Her early schooling was attained at Medicine 
Lxxlge. Two and three years of high school were 
offered at this time. Here she was one of the star 
players on both the basketball and baseball teams. 
Transportation to and from school was in the old 
school wagon and the sleigh when winter came. 
Virginia and her brother, "Sam" looked out for each 
other in their growing up years, especially since she 
was his Httle sister. 

Virginia graduated from Albion College and 
held teaching positions in the Salmon and Idaho Falls 
schools in Idaho. She moved U) Li»s Angeles in 1949 
to attend art classes at v^rutas schools. She 
subsequendy became rnjrjjrrd in illustrating 
commercial, military, and vfu.r rvjuipment. 

Virginia never nurri<-d ^nj is presendy living 
in Torrance, California. 



The John Cleg^; family were early 
homesteaders near Camas Creek They homestead 
320 acres of land, located eleven mile.s cast of Dubois. 
This area was for strictly dry farmmg He lived there 
a couple of years, then persuaded his parents, Walter 
and Deborah Clegg to move u» Dubi»is from Utah to 
live. He gave them five acres of land TTiey moved 
onto it with six of thirteen children. The older 
children were already married and had families of 
their own. Moving here with them were: Mae, Afton, 
Parley, John, Stella, and Debt)rah Myrtle. 

They continued to farm until John and Afton 
went off to World War I. Then John was killed in 
France in 1918. His body was remrned to Dubois in 
1921, followed by a military funeral. The Clegg or 
Sloan Post of the American Legion was so named 
after John, and a comrade killed in the war. Deborah 
Clegg was a Gold Star Mother. Afton came hack 
home and helped his family farm, and later .sell the 
farm and move into Dubois. 

Three family members are buried in the 
Dubois Cemetery: Walter 1. Clegg (1848-1928). 

Deborah W. Clegg (1860-1937) and John T. Clegg 


George & Myrtle 

Deborah Myrtle married George Rose of 
Menan. He worked as a railroad section worker for 
38 years. Consequently, they lived in other areas for 
a time, such as Hamer, Roberts, as well as DuKvjs. 
They had a family of six children. The rvso older 
ones, Dorothy and Maralene were from a previous 
marriage of Deborahs. George was sixty-two when he 
retired. He was born in 1897 and died in May 1966 
of a heart attack. He was buried in DuKiis. 
Maralene never did live in Dukiis. She finished her 
schooling in Hamer. She just visited from time to 
time. She now lives in Mesa, Arizoru. and ha.s tliree 


I>(»r n(ll> 


Dorothy was married to "Ted" Twardak when 
she was sixteen years of age. Ted was from Chicago, 
Illinois and was stationed in Dubois with the C.C.C's. 
Dorothy and "Ted" had one daughter, Dotty Lee. She 
was born when Dorothy was 18 years old. When 
World War II broke out, "Ted" went into the Army, 
and then Dorothy also enlisted in the "WAC" Army. 
Deborah Myrtle took care of Dotty until they both 
came home. 

"Ted" and Dorothy lived in Dubois until 1950. 
They moved to Ogden, living there for a couple of 
years before they separated. Dorothy went to 
Phoenix, Arizona and "Ted" to Chicago. Later they 
both went to Los Angeles, California, got a divorce 
and went their separate ways. Both then remarried, 
and Ted had two more children, while Dorothy had 

"Dotty" Lee grew up in Los Angeles. She is 
married and has three children. 

Dorothy died in February 1975 of a heart 
attack. She donated her body to science. Ted still 
lives to this day in Los Angeles. 


I, Floy Rose, was born in 1931. I moved 
back to Dubois with my family when I was eight years 
old. My age, I can well remember, because of the 
pleasant surprise birthday my mom and sister, 
Dorothy had for me, with a lot of my school friends. 
The ones I best remember were the O'Neil girls and 
Betty Jean Craig (as she was called then). 

At school when anyone had a birthday, we 
had to go through the spats. We had to crawl on our 
hands and knees through the legs of other classmates 
and get spatted. 

I was the smallest in the class, and seemed to 
be the one that was always getting picked on and 
being made fun of. The kids would throw snowballs at 
me or knock me down and wash my face with snow 
and I'd run home bawling to my mother. 

Our family always walked to school and went 
home again for our lunch. We lived on the north end 
of town. Our home has since burned down, but was 
located on the property now owned by Ron Barg. I 
learned to milk the cow, but she got ornery, so we 
sold her. We had plenty of eggs from our chickens. 
We also had vegetables from our garden. In the fall 
we would get out of school to help pick potatoes 
(potato harvest vacation), to earn a little spending 
money to go to the show, or buy some new clothes. 

There was a theater and we went to the show 
twice a week. 

My first job was washing dishes at 
Rasmussen's Cafe for fifty cents an hour. I worked 
after school and Saturdays. 

I also did some baby sitting and pulled weeds 
for a lady named Mrs. Laird. She would give me a 
few nickels and I thought that was a lot at that time. 

In the winter time I went to all the Basketball 
games, away from home and home too. I wouldn't 
miss a game. 

I played on the girls high school basketball 
team and enjoyed it very much. In the spring time we 
played girls softball. I was out in the field one day 
and someone hit a fly ball. I ran to catch it, the sun 
being in my eyes, and Gloria Doschades was also 
running to catch it, and we collided. She ended up 
with a broken nose; only my dignity was hurt. 

I was in a 4-H Club for a couple of years. I 
took cooking and sewing. We entered our projects at 
the Clark County Fair winning blue ribbons, so were 
able to take our projects to the State Fair at Blackfoot. 
June O'Neil and I made some muffins together to 
enter at Blackfoot. She got a blue, 1st place ribbon, 
and I got a red, 2nd place ribbon; however, the 
muffins came out of the same pan. Our 4-H Leader 
was Mrs. Alta Killian, who was also a school teacher 
at Dubois. 

The 4-H Club also raised money and we went 
on a chartered bus to Moscow, Idaho. We really had 
a good time. I also attended Girls State there. 

I graduated in 1950. I went to work for 
"Pop" Sill at the Legion Cafe for about six months. 
Then someone else took over his cafe and I left and 
decided to go to Utah to visit my sister, Dorothy. I 
couldn't find a job, so decided to enlist in the "WAC" 
Army. I enlisted at Salt Lake City in March, 1951. 
I rode the train to Ft. Lee, Virginia for basic training. 
I was there for six weeks, then went to Ft. Knox, 
Kentucky for another eight weeks for Cooks and 
Baker's School. After that schooling, I was sent to 
Ft. Riley, Kansas. 

There I met Sgt. John Evans from St. Charles, 
Virginia. He brought the rations to the Mess Hall and 
we would have coffee together and chit-chat. We 
dated for about six months. We were married at the 
Post Chapel in our Army Uniforms on January 20, 
1953. John was due to be discharged, so since we 
were married, I was discharged also. We went to 
Indiana for about six months to live. Then John's 
brother, who was living in San Diego, California, 


encouraged us to move out there to work and live. 
This we did. We packed up all we owned, which was 
not very much, and drove to San Diego. 

John went to work for General Dynamics - 
Convoir and has been there ever since. 

We have three children: Linda, 36; Mike, 31; 
and Chris, 29. We are now enjoying our 

John. "ChrJNV '\ \\ r\ Hov 
I now work f»»f ihr Cir> SchtK)ls in the 



Richard Rose, the s<»n t»f G«n»rgc and Deborah 
Myrtle Rose, was born in 1935 He graduated in 
1952 from Clark County High Sch»tnl. He went into 
the Air Force for four years. 

Richard married Gcraldine Samuelson of 
Portland, Oregon. They have tux> children: Cheryl 
34, and Mike, 31. Cheryl is married and Mike is in 
the U.S. Navy. 



Richard and Geraldine still live in Portland, where 
Richard works for the Pacific Telephone Company. 



Juanita Rose was born in 1938, the daughter 
of George and Deborah Myrtle Rose. 

She attended school at Dubois, however she 
quit in her third year of high schcx)!. 

Juanita married LeRoy Richards of Terrc*ton. 
Several years later they were on a hunting trip. When 
some of the hunters came home they found Juanita. 
She had been cleaning a gun, when ii discharged 
accidentJy, killing her instantly. She died in 1959 and 
was buried in the Dubois Cemetery in the family plott. 


Rom. lid 


Ronald Rose, was the youngest son, born to 
George and Deborah Myrtle Rose in 1942. He 
graduated from Clark County High School in 1960. 
He also went into the Air Force. When he was 
discharged he married Janice Berkhart. They have 
three daughters, Juanita, Teresa and Debbie. Janice 
had four other children from a previous marriage. 
They now hve in Idaho Falls, Idaho. 



Anna & Henry 

We came to Dubois in 1914, and my brother, 
John, and I homesteaded near Camas Creek, close to 
the Jacoby Ranch. It was all sagebrush. 

My folks, the Walter Cleggs, moved out to the 
dry farm and lived there several years. 

My brother, John and I were in World War I. 
We left together, but my brother was killed at the 
Argonne Offense in France the 10th day of October, 
1918. They sent his body home two years later. 
Dubois held a military service for him and he was 
buried at the Dubois Cemetery. After that the 
American Legion Post was named after him and called 
the Clegg-SIoan Post. 

When I was discharged from the service, I 
came home in May, and farmed with my brother, Joe, 
for several years on Camas. 

I met my wife, Anna Koop, on the 4th of 
July, 1919. John Palmer was killed the same day, 
while participating at the Rodeo at Dubois. The 
Dubois Stockyards was used to hold the stock. They 
would put a rider on a horse, open the gate and let 
the horse buck out through the desert, to see how long 

the rider could stay with him. 

Anna and I were married that fall, September 
29, 1919. 

We farmed out on the dry farm several years 
and it was really hard times. We had so many dry 
years there, it's hard to say how many. 

A neighbor by the name of Robinett, and my 
brothers and I, cut our grain together with a header. 
It got so dry my brothers left and I farmed with 
Robbinetts until the harvest was over. We have some 
picture of farming there. 

My folks moved to Dubois in 1921 after we 
had been married for two years. They celebrated their 
Golden Wedding Anniversary in September, 1925. 

My father and mother are both buried in the 
Dubois Cemetery with several grandchildren and 
George Rose and daughter, Juanita. 

I held a position in the Dubois LDS Bishopric 
with William Beck and Henry Chandler, and later I 
was Branch President. 

In the winter time I would ride a horse to get 
to church, as the roads were too bad otherwise. 

We left Dubois in the fall of 1931, moving to 
Dietrich, Idaho and have lived here since. 

We went to Dubois every year to decorate 
graves, until 1979. Because our health hasn't been 
too good lately. We have had to discontinue this. 

My wife, and I celebrated our Golden 
Wedding Anniversary in 1969. Since then my wife 
has had a heart attack and has not been very well. 

We have had a long life together. 



Harry Close was a resident of the Clark 
County area for some thirty years, arriving in the year 
of 1907. He first lived and worked at the Chas. B. 
Watts ranch on Birch creek. Later he established his 
own homestead, where he continued to live. 

Clark County remained his home until his 
death, in December, 1940. (Paper clipping dated Jan 
2, 1941) 

Mr. Close was born in Glastonbury, 
Somershire, England in February 1882, then came to 
the United States in 1902, settling first in Ohio and 
moving later to Michigan, 

He had a brother, Sid Close living in Clark 


County, who was Clark County Sheriff at the time of 
his death. Harry was driving his car near the Dubois 
railroad tracks on a Monday morning when he 
suffered a fatal heart attack. 

He is buried in Dubois. Special music 
furnished during his funeral services was a mixed 
quartet composed of Beth Leonardson, Helen Laird, 
Kenneth Leonardson and Roscoe Smith. 



Euella & Ltt>n; ird Cl«i»< L^rM^n. 
Rachel $, ■>i||lJL>J^ 

Sidney Close was burn J^rxur) 26, 1869 at 
Baltonsborough, England, thr %»n »»! Jane and George 
Close. He came to the I'mirJ Sutr% when he was 19 
years old. His first years in the I'.S. were sp>ent in 
Michigan where an older brother. Arthur, lived and in 
Ohio where another older brother. Fred, lived. Sid 
had six brothers and five sisters and all of his brothers 
came to the U.S., except the youngest one, Walter. 
In 1907 he came west to Birch Creek where another 
brother, Harold (Harry), had settled. He was 
employed at the old Nicholia mine He later moved 
to Spencer where he was employed by the WcxkI Live 
Stock Company, becoming one «»t their foremen. Two 
of his good friends, who were also foremen, were 
Harry Dunn, Sr. and "Fred" Woodie. On February 
24, 1922, "Sid" married Rachel Bnmley Larsen. 

Rachel Brimley was born February 22, 1890, 
at Salt Lake City, Utah to John and Sarah Dalton 
Brimley. She had five si.sters and two brothers. She 
attended schools in Salt Lake City. On November 1 1 , 
1908 she was married to Charles S. Larsen. They 
made their home in Salt Lake City and to this union 
three children were born, Leonard, Geraldine and 
Anne. She was later divorced and on Feb. 24, 1922 
she was married to Sidney Close and .she and the 
children moved to Spencer, Idaho. During the years 
that "Sid" worked for the W.L.S. Co.. the family 

would move to his summer headquarters. East of 
Sheridan, for the summer months. Homes were 
furnished by the Company in Spencer and employees 
could shop at their commissary. "Sid" was gone from 
home a lot in the winter as he would go where the 
company wintered their sheep at Mud Lake, Menan. 
and other places. 


Hi i iiilUU\V>kut 


All of the schooling of Leon;ird. Geraldine 
and Anne was in the Spencer schiK)!. At that ume 
they went by the name of Close, but since "Sid" never 
legally adopted them they went by the name oi Larsen 
in later years. 

Gretel W ' ^ 



In 1930 "Sid" and Rachel purchased the 
Canyon Hotel at Spencer, and George and Esther 
Smack Purchased Spencer Mercantile store, from the 
Em Finlaysons, who moved to Idaho Falls to manage 
the New Porter Hotel. A year later "Sid" and Rachel 
purchased the store from the Smacks. The store 
burned down in 1933. 

When the W.L.S.Co. was liquidated (about 
1932) Sid went to work for the Forest Service. The 
Forest Supervisor was Lyman Richwine. 

In 1939 "Sid" was appointed the Sheriff of 
Clark County to fill the unexpired term of Harry 
Rayner, and, at this time, they moved to Dubois. He 
was re-elected for five terms until his retirement in 

In Spencer, Rachel worked as an assistant in 
the post office for Spencer Lawson. In Dubois she 
worked at the telephone office for "Bill" and May me 
Ellis when the office was in the Ellis Hotel, and she 
worked as a cook in the school lunch program from 
(approximately) 1949 to 1955. School lunches were 
"then" served in the first room to your right on the 
second floor (what is now the Home Economics room) 

In Spencer Rachel and her children attended 
what was called the Union Sunday School and in 
Dubois she attended the LDS Church. 

Sidney Close died May 31, 1954 in an Idaho 
Falls hospital. Burial was June 3, in the Dubois 
Cemetery. He was 85 years old. 

Rachel Close died May 13, 1964 in Dubois. 
Burial was May 16 in the Dubois Cemetery. She was 
74 years old. 

Leonard Larsen married Euella Christensen, 
the daughter of the Wood Livestock Co. blacksmith. 
They had one son, Norman. Geraldine married Ray 
Terry who was employed by the W.L.S. Co. They 
had five children, David, Richard, Jeri Ann (Toyn), 
Tiieodore, and Christina (Randall). Anne married 
Elmer Leonardson, whose family owned a grocery and 
general merchandise store in Dubois. They had four 
children, Michael, Patrick (who died as a result of a 
car accident in 1963 when he was 20 yrs. old), Terry 
and Vicki Anne (Russell) 

Leonard died November 17, 1978 and was 
buried in California, Geraldine died July 8, 1963 and 
she was buried in Dubois, Idaho. 



Violet & Glenn Hansen 

I, Violet Whittaker was the daughter of 
William Leander Whittaker and Sylvia Viola (Gibson) 

I married Glenn Hansen at Dubois September 
14, 1935. We were married by W.A. Patt, Probate 
Judge. Witnesses were "Ray" Hansen, Glen's 
brother, and Dorothy Albertson. The Recorder was 
B.H. Thomas. 

Phyllis Hansen 

I had a daughter, Phyllis, by a former marriage. 


We left her with my folks in Little Lost River Valley, 
while we went out herding sheep for Paul and 
"Granny" Gauchay on Indian Creek right after we 
were married, for about a month and a half, as near as 
I can remember. Glenn eventually joined his brother, 
"Ray" in a farming venture on the Fred Storer farm, 
located on lower Medicine Lodge, which "Ray" had 

At this time we went over to my folks and got 
Phyllis. She started to school the following fall at 
Medicine Lodge. She rode a horse to Rees Thomas' 
and took the school bus from there. 

We later moved into Dubois. Glenn obtained 
the mail route contract from Dubois to Winsper for 
three and a half years. He would take the mail in the 
winter time when the roads were had, usually from 
snow and blizzards. The rest of the year, Phylis and 
I made the run. 

I can remember the h\f Now snakes, and 
many times rattle snakes, out «»n l*v road by Winsper. 
It took about five hours ti> drur thr mail route. Mrs. 
Luella Colson ran the P«*Nt OttKc at Small, while the 
John Kleins had the Wirtsfxrr Posi Office. The 
Winsper office was in a k»g huikhng next to their 
home. I especially remember hin* heavy the cream 
cans were to lift into the tnjvk. *khich each rancher 
sent every few days. We haJ lo kuJ each one waiting 
for us by their mailbox, then Jchver them into the 
Depot in Dubois and load them again on a high cart 
for the train. We had a 'Chevy" arkJ later a Ford 
pickup we used on our route. Our home at this time 
was at the Fred Powell apartments. 

Phyllis attended scho«)l at Dubois taking the 
first grade over and continuing t)n in the 3rd and 4th 
grade. When she was about eleven we moved from 
Dubois to Blackfoot. Phyllis had asthma so she stayed 
out of school because of it. 

Glenn was working at the Legion, tending bar, 
and was also Deputy Sheriff for awhile. 

"Walt" Patch stayed awhile with us and he 
helped me drive the mail sometimes. He married 
Belle Oakley Oweas. 

NOTE: Glenn and Violet Hansen and Walt and Belle 
Patch are all decea.sed. 



Mr. and Mrs. Ervin Collier came to Medicini- 

Lodge Valley from the state of Montana in the year 
1885. They were married in Montana March 7, 1871. 
By 1885 Ervin and Mary Alice Mills Smith Collier 
had seven sons and only one daughter, all bom in 
Clay County, Kent, Montana. Their sons, named in 
the order of age included: Andy, then quite likely, 
Jim, John and Word. Sons, "Dave" and George 
Smith (Collier), were born to a previous marriage of 
Mrs. Collier to Mr. Smith. "Danny" and Willie, lr%in 
and "Molly's" last and youngest sons, were bom after 
they settled in Medicine Lodge. 

On Medicine Lodge they homesteaded land 
adjoining the Dennis and Sara Small homestead on the 

:*-My--^^'*tCS^-^"^ «- 

Andrew Collier 

"Andy," pretty much an outdix>rsman at a 
fairly young age, met and married Alpha Small. 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Dennis Small, near 
neighbors of the Collier family. To this union a 
daughter was born, named Ora. When Ora was but a 
small child her father .suddenly passed away. Mrs. 
Collier, Alpha, secured employment in DuKiis. in the 
hotel and restaurant of Mrs. Mar> PoLson. (Alpha's 
life story and her daughter Ora's life stor> nmII he 
continued as part of Dennis E. and Sara Sm.ill family.) 

"Dave" Smith Collier, a firv upstanding y»Hing 
man, friendly, congenial and well liked, met a tragic 
death which (Kcurred in an accident on the ranch of 
Carl A Doschades, now the propi-rty of Jack 
Webster "Dave," with rwo compam»»ns. h.jd ridden. 
on horseback south to the office which uxs 
located at the John D. Ellis home (this pri>pert> was 
first purcha.sed by the R<in.l Bros., now is part of the 
Elman Winxlfield ranch) The three young men were 
returning home by a r»ud llut ran rvrih and s*HJlh 
through the James H F'Jie. Sr homestead, then the 


Charles Leonardson and Carl Doschades ranches. 
When they reached the Doschades ranch "Dave" left 
his two companions and rode a short distance to the 
Doschades log cabin to greet someone there. In the 
meantime his two companions had ridden on north and 
caught up with a younger lad who was riding bareback 
on a mare that had lost the sight in her left eye and 
was quite slow of movement. As "Dave" turned his 
mount away ft-om the cabin, his mount, a hot blooded 
hamilton race mare, bolted out of control, being 
ridden with a hacamore instead of a bridle. Lester 
Robson saw the runaway mare coming, full speed and 
tried to get his mount out of the way ~ without 
success. "Dave's" plunging mare crashed into the left 
shoulder of Lester's mare with such force that Lester 
was thrown clear of his mount. The mare's neck was 
broken, as well as the neck of "Dave" and his 
runaway mare. One of "Dave's" companions rode 
south to the home of my father and mother, to report 
the accident. My brother, Roy and I, on horseback, 
rushed a half mile to the sight of the tragic accident. 
Father following, also on horseback, came to give any 
assistance he could. "Dave's" body was being taken 
to the Doschades' cabin. Roy took Lester, on his 
horse to our home to wait for his return to the Robson 
homestead near the sinks of Medicine Lodge Creek. 

The third son born to the Collier's was James 
"Jim." He, like most the sons before and after him 
was a horse lover and a fine horseman. However, 
"Jim's" greatest ambition was in the field of horse 
racing. The Collier family owned a beautiful, bay 
quarter horse called Sullivan. Sullivan was nearly 
always ridden by "Jim" where a horse race was 
concerned and the team held the record in races won 
in Fremont County. Being a jockey and trainer, "Jim" 
was a bit heavy. "Jim" Collier lived in the area of 
Medicine Lodge, Dubois, Idaho and later died from a 
rifle shot fired by an irate freighter. 

The fourth son born to the Collier's was John, 
about two years younger than "Jim." John, a fine 
horseman, was more inclined toward farm work. A 
most friendly and congenial person, met and married 
Minnie Lee of "Old" Beaver, Idaho. She was the 
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Lee. Soon after 
Minnie and John were united in marriage, John took 
employment as an elevator operator in Ash ton, Idaho, 
where they made their home, raised a family and had 
very little contact with the Medicine Lodge area. 
When John retired from the elevator position many 
years later, he took residence in a city in central 
California. As I recall, the city was called Sunnydale. 

In 1912 or 1913 I had gone to Ashton, Idaho 
to buy a car load of frosted wheat for hog feed. This 
was during the month of February while the John 
Collier family were still living in Ashton. Contacting 
John Collier and spending the evening at their home, 
John volunteered the loan of his sleigh and team with 
their son Johnny Jr., as a driver to take me east of 
Ashton to Squirrel Creek in search of wheat. I recall 
so vividly how we struck off east over barbed wire 
fences on hard crusted snow that covered even the top 
wire. This contact with Johnny Jr. is the only contact 
I ever had with any of the John and Minnie Collier 

If I am right, the fifth son of James Ervin and 
Mary Alice Mills Collier was Word Warren. Word 
was a happy-go-lucky sort with a yen for fun and 
excitement, willing to fight a buzz saw to keep things 
lively. He was a fine horseman and bronco buster. 
It is said by Word's close companions that he was 
never known to have been dislodged from the saddle 
by a pitching, snorting, bucking horse. Yet at the 
same time was never know to abuse a dumb animal, 
Mrs. Collier had a way of saying "I told you so" 
when being told of some or any happening that took 
place on the ranch or neighborhood. Word did not 
marry until age twenty-nine when he met and married 
a widow with one child. They later moved to lona, 
Idaho where Word's parents and other members of the 
Collier family were living. The last news that came 
of or about Word was that he had been struck and 
killed by a car while walking home from lona after 

Frank & Charles on Horses 

The sixth son to the original Collier family 
was Frank. Frank was also a fine and avid horseman 
and bronco buster, always ready for fun and 
excitement. Frank spent much of he early years at 


Medicine Lodge working with livestock, breaking 
horses and all around cowboying. 

Polly Collier, the only daughter born to the 
union of Ervin and Mary Alice Collier, was next in 
age. Polly had beautiful red hair, a ruddy complexion 
and a cheerful personality. She was a great among the 
popular of Medicine Lxxige. 

Soon after reaching maturity she was married 
to Andrew A. Colson, son of James M. Colson. To 
the marriage a son, James Edward, was bom in 1902. 
When about two and a half the boy passed away in 
1906, as a result from a fall from a wagon, and buried 
in the Small Cemetery. The married life of Andrew 
and Polly soon ended in a divorce. A few years later, 
Polly married William Archibald, who had three 
children from a former marriage. Bill's health 
became very poor and he pa.vsed away within two 
years of their marriage. Polly, mm a widow for the 
second time, still made her h«»mc- at Medicine Lodge. 
While at Medicine L«Ki^«r she mc\ and married 
William T. "Bill" Patel/Kk. a former school 
acquaintance. The couple: rruJc their h»)me in lona, 
Idaho for a few years then mip'iirJ lo Newman, 
California where they roaJr ihrir firul home along 
with other members of the Patrl/ick family. Polly, 
much Uke her brothers. U»vrd the (XJtdoors and 
horseback riding. She wa.s iJoli/eJ by all her brothers. 
Polly always had the best throughmjt her life. 

The next child, "Charlie." like the brothers 
before him was a lover of hon.cs. especially saddle 
horses, and was a bronco rv^ister "from way out 
yonder". I knew "Charlie" vi-cll. up to the time he 
was married, then having nv»ved from Medicine 
Lodge to Dubois, in the County, employed as 

"Danny," the youngest of the original Collier 
family, was about my age so we were together quite 
a lot as we both had range riding to do. Danny 
followed in the footsteps of his older brothers. He 
was a fine horseman, rider and bronco twister. I have 
seen Danny, pretend to bawl (no tears) when denied 
the privilege of topping-off a raw bronco. I can truly 
say that I never saw nor heard of "Danny" being 
thrown from a bucking bronco. "Danny" and I were 
both in the saddle much of the time - "Danny" riding 
for the sheer love of riding and I from sheer necessity 
as I had the family herd of dairy and range cattle to 
herd during the daytime and to drive to the ranch each 
evening. We both rode old dilapidated saddles. One 
day, "Danny" came to the grazing area riding a saddle 
his older brothers had just presented him. This saddle 

was old and well worn - still of a different style than 
my saddle. It had a higher horn and higher cantJe than 
his other saddle he had ridden for several years that 
was like mine. As I admired "Danny's" newly 
acquired saddle, "Danny" said, "How would you like 
to trade saddles?" Well, now, that was just fine and 
dandy with me. So the swap was made out there on 
the prairie, both seemingly well pleased with our big 
deal so we went merrily on our ways. That same 
evening, I placed my pride and joy and the saddle just 
acquired by shrewd trading in the usual place where it 
would be most convenient for saddling my mount the 
following morning. However, the following morning 
to my surprise and severe disappointment, in place of 
the new and more classy saddle there was in its place 
my old "turtle shell". It didn't take much imagination 
to know, off hand, what a sneaky trick had been 
pulled off during the night. Toward evening of that 
day here came "Danny" to meet me as I drove the 
herd toward the ranch, just as if nothing unusual had 
taken place, riding the saddle which I felt was mine by 
a mutual swap. Well, I was still mad as a hornet. 1 
promptly tied my mount to a nearby sage brush, 
approached Danny and bringing one of my youtht\il 
"haymakers" up from the ground, so to speak, landed 
a stinging left jab to "Danny's" right eye. "Danny" 
had expected just that and promptly and uith bared 
teeth pulled an old toad stabber from his pocket, with 
a blade flashing in the afternoon sun. With surprise 
and utter panic I made for my horse, yanked the rope 
from the sage brush, climbed aboard and started off at 
a high run. Danny followed a few horse lengths back. 
Suddenly I thought, "Why am I running like a scared 
rabbit when in my pocket I had a knife, equally as 
bad? (or was it equally as good?) So leaping from my 
mount, now brought to a trot, tied the tie rope to sage 
brush as before and pulled my knife with a murderous 
looking blade from my pocket and invited "Danny 
Boy" down. Saying, "Come down off your horse an*.! 
I'll cut your heart out and show it to you." As I had 
hoped "Danny" preferred to remain mounted. We 
both put our knives away and side by side continued 
toward the ranch trailing behind the herd 
that by now was s^>mewhat ahead of us. It developed, 
according to "Danny." that his older and much bigger 
brothers, upon discovering the disgusting s.iddle swap, 
told "Danny" to get his own s.iddle back or lliey 
would beat the living daylights out o\ him .So 
"Danny" did only what .seemed to be the best wa> oui 
- while I was out of my pride and joy s.iddle and 
back to mv old "turtle shell". After "nanrn" 


explained his reason for making the reswap I 
reluctantly forgave him. That was the last and only 
swap that I can recall making during my 91 years. 
"Danny," it seemed, didn't get settled down to a 
steady employment but drifted about somewhat. 
Finally, when he made a trip to a point near or within 
Hells Canyon on the border of Idaho and Oregon, as 
I recall his telling me, he met and married a young 
lady from that area. The couple lived in that area for 
a short time coming back to Medicine Lodge for a 
visit. "Dan's" wife of only a few years passed away 
suddenly. This unsettled Dan even more. He 
continued drifting from place to place, mostly in 
Idaho. Although the family of Ervin and Mary Alice 
Collier for the most part had moved away from 
Medicine Lodge a number of years earlier and had 
been living near lona, Idaho when death came to each. 
Ervin and "Molly" Collier's remains, upon death, 
were brought back to Medicine Lodge for burial by 
members of the family. In each case, the casket 
containing the remains was taken to the old brick 
school building, one mile north of the present brick 
school building, placed on the steps just outside the 
door and a short service was held, conducted by Ezra 
Evans, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Evans. I was 
privileged to attend each service. 



Andrew & Alpha, with Ora 

Andrew Collier was my Grandfather. His 
father, Ervin V. Collier, was also known as James E. 

In 1885 he moved his family to Medicine 
Lodge, Idaho, Oneida County. Here he developed his 
ranch, next the Small family. 

Andrew was a native of Clay County, 

Kentucky, and his father was a farmer and land 
speculator by occupation. 

Ervin traveled through Illinois to Iowa and 
worked on a farm there about eighteen months. He 
then went to Nebraska, Missouri, and Kansas. From 
Kansas he went to Memphis, Tennessee, returning 
again to Nebraska and then to Indiana. 

In 1859 he went to Denver, Colorado. He 
was there until 1864, working in the mines, 
prospecting and freighting. In 1963 he was pressed 
into service by Union forces and was taken to 
Vicksburg, Mississippi. He returned to Denver in the 
spring of 1864. 

It is said he was married and when he 
returned from Vicksburg, his wife was dead. He left 
his son, name not known, in charge of the 
grandparents and traveled on to Alder Gulch in 
Virginia City, Montana. He was there for a portion 
of two winters, working for the mines, hauling timber, 
etc. In 1866 He left Alder Gulch and went to last 
Chance Gulch, near Helena, Montana. He later took 
up 160 acres on the Missouri River, where he resided 
until 1885. 

On March 7, 1871, he married Mary Alice 
Mills. Mary Alice was bom in DeMoines, Iowa, the 
daughter of Henry and Margaret Hall Mills. She 
married Henry Smith. Three children were born to 
this union, one daughter, Liza Ann and two sons, 
George H. and David Henry. David was born in 
Nebraska and later used the Colher ri^me. After she 
became a widow, she married James Ervin Collier. 
They were the parents of seven children. 

Ervin died April 9, 1919, in lona, Idaho. His 
wife, Mary Alice, died December 15, 1926, at St. 
Anthony, Idaho. They are both buried at the Small 
Cemetery on Medicine Lodge. 

One of the seven Collier children mentioned 
above, was my grandfather, Andrew Collier. He was 
born January 7, 1872, in Jefferson County, Montana. 

Andrew was twenty-two when he married 
Alpha May Small. He was said to be an excellent 
shot with a rifle. Their only child was Ora May 
Collier (my mother), who married Vincent Arthur 

Andrew Collier died June 14, 1899. He too 
is buried in the Small Cemetery. 

After Grandfather Andrew Collier died. 
Grandma Alpha Small Collier married for the second 
time to John Aronson, December 25, 1901. John was 
a native of Sweden. He was an engineer on the 
railroad. Grandma had two children by her second 


marriage: Roy F. Aronson, "Pete", who never 
married, and Mary G. Aronson, who was married 
twice. She had seven children, three boys and four 

Vincent & Ora Collier Gallagher 

Mary & "Pclc" 

Grandma Aronson di«rd May 21, 1945, in 
Idaho Falls. She is buried at the Snull Cemetery. 



James Ervin and his wife. Mary Alice, moved 
to Medicine Lcxige to homestead in 1885, where the 
last of their children were born. Mary Alice hated the 
Indians and later on they moved to lona where they 
had a fruit orchard. Ervin (as he was called) was an 
excellent gardner and farmer. When the children 
grew and married they were accepted into the home to 
live for short periods when times were hard. 

When the grandchildren would come to visit 
Grandma Collier would flip her dentures at them and 
they would run. Both she and the grandchildren 
enjoyed themselves. 

When James Ervin turned 100 years old the 

lona school had a birthday party for him. They came 
to his home and sang songs to him. in his later years 
he spent most of his time in the porch chair. One 
winter day, James Ervin went to the neighbors to 
borrow some matches to light his pipe and gas stove. 
He trudged through the snow, leaned against the 
house, lit his pipe and suddenly fell dead of old age. 

Andy (child of James Ervin) was born in 1872 
and died in 1899, and buried at Small. 

James E. (child of James Ervin- 1874- 1910) 
was murdered at Small, Idaho. The real reason of 
why is not known, but there are many speculations. 

John Crockett (1878-1950) married Mar>' 
Minnie Lee on March 29, 1898 in Fremont Count>\ 
They were blessed with eight children. They lived 
most of their lives in California. He died March 16, 
1956 and was buried in California. His wife, Mar> 
Minnie Lee was also buried in California. 

Charles Julius (1882-1942) lived and raised his 
family in Rigby, Idaho. 

Polly Ann ((1884-1968) married Al Colson. 
They were later divorced. She always had the nevs 
things that came out on the market. Polly and Al had 
a son who is buried at Small, Idaho. After her 
divorce from Colson she married William Archibald. 
They had two children, William Russell and Laura 
May (Patelzick). Laura May had three children. 
Lettie, Earnest and Everett. 

Daniel (James Ervin's 9th child- 1 886- 1934) 
was seriously injured in a horse accident that left him 
crippled for life. He married Mollie Fitilius in 
Bingham County. He had a mott>rized wheel chair 
The children though he was really a terrific uncle 
since he would give them rides in his wheelch^iir He 
raised his family in California. 

Willie was born in 1888 and died at a young 
age in 1892. He was buried at the Small Cemeter>. 

Daiml at)d MtUlu- tulhcf 


Word Warren 

Word Warren was born April 14, 1878 and 
died November 10, 1950. His wife, Emma Jane 
Dixon was born August 17, 1883 in Illinois. She died 
November 10, 1948. They are buried in Rexburg, 
Idaho. Their children are: Ervin Herman Collier born 
September 24, 1909 at Dillon, Montana. He married 
Jessie Gladys Rigby on March 14, 1944. They had no 
children. He died December 13, 1981. Both are 
buried in Rigby, Idaho. 

Anna Mae Collier was born September 25, 
1911 at lona. She married James Humphreys on 
September 17, 1929. Their children are: Willard - 
buried at Sugar City, Idaho; Lee; Lx)is; Verdell - 
buried at Missoula, Montana; Anna Mae died May 17, 
1987. She and James are buried in Missoula, 

Warren was born February 20, 1914 at lona. 
He never married. He died March 25, 1967. He is 
buried in Rexburg, Idaho. 

Myrtle Enwna was bom October 26, 1915 at 
lona. She married Vern Cantwell. They had two 
children, Bobbie who lives in California and Alice 
who hves in Sugar City. They were divorced. She 
then married Ed Pintar. She presently lives in a 
Rexburg nursing home. 

William & Gavle Collier 
Billie Collier Stoddard. & Son Rvan 

Bernice was bom January 5, 1918 at lona. 
She married James Lazell Carter on November 11, 
1937. He passed away April, 1968. Their children 

are: Connie - lives in Idaho Falls, Idaho, Jyneil - lives 
in California, Lance - lives in Rexburg, Idaho. After 
James death, Bernice married James Buttars. He also 
passed away. Bernice lives in Rexburg, Idaho. 

William Ellsworth was born November 15, 
1920 at St. Anthony, Idaho. He married Florence 
Gayle Johns on December 17, 1949. He taught school 
in Shelley School District from 1949 to 1983. He 
raises Chesapeake and English Pointer hunting dogs. 
He thoroughly enjoys hunting and fishing. There 
children are: Billie Gayle born October 26, 1951, 
married David Ross Stoddard on December 27, 1989. 
They live in Idaho Falls, Idaho, and she works for 
Westinghouse Idaho Nuclear Co. Their son, David 
Ryan was born July 2, 1991. Kirk J. born April 10, 

1954, married Margaret Topolewski on March 22, 
1990. He lives in Pocatello, Idaho and works for the 
Highway Department. Betty Jane born June 13, 

1955, married Tony Curtis Oakman on November 21, 
1986. She works as a Nurse Practitioner at American 
Fork, Utah. Their children are: Curtis William born 
November 6, 1987, John Collier born November 6, 
1987 and Matthew Stephan born October 22, 1991. 
Denna Lee born January 28, 1960. She is a nurse 
and lives in Salt Lake City, Utah. Mary Ellen born 
November 25, 1968. She married Stephen J. 
Halverson, February 15, 1991. They are attending the 
University of Utah and live in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Roy Elmer bom April 4, 1923 at St. Anthony. 
He married Lois Bush November 10, 1949. Their 
children are: Mollie married Terry Green. They 
have four children and live in Salt Lake City, Utah. 
Terry married Bert Flamm. They have four children 
and live in Rexburg, Idaho. Jeff lives in Salt Lake 
City, Utah. Greg lives in Alaska. 

Daniel Charles was born May 7, 1926 at 
Ashton, Idaho. He married Ruth Jensen. She passed 
away October 26, 1981 and is buried at Richmond, 
California. Their children are: Charles, Sherrill, 
Diane, Bill, Gary and Steve. All live in the Richmond, 
California area. 

Dan married Irene Dadring Caring. She 
passed away February 28, 1985. No children were 
born to this union. 

Emma Jane Dixon had one child, DoUie Eva 
Fisher, when she married Word Warren. DoUie was 
five or six when they married. It is believed they were 
married in 1908 at Dillon, Montana. The Court House 
burned down and destroyed all the records. This child 
was: Dollie Eva was born December 20, 1902, 
married William Fredrich Berrett. He passed away 


March 15, 1989. She passed away April 26, 1989. 
Their children are: Richard Fredrich - buried in 
California. Freda Leona - lives in Medford, Oregon 
Robert William - lives in Medford, Oregon James Lee 
- lives in Medford, Oregon. 

Word worked on the Reno Ranch at Medicine 
Lodge, Idaho as a herder of sheep and cattle and 
general farm labor. He was a fine horseman. One 
time he brought a bear home and practiced roping it 
with all the kids standing around. Emma Jane worked 
as a cook at different places and was noted for her 
cooking. Emma died of a lingering illness and Word 
was struck by a car. Both buried in Rexburg, Idaho. 




Miss Anna Colline taught in a number of 
schools within the area that became Clark County. 

She was born in Cherokee County, Iowa, in 
1877, and moved to Kansas with her parents, 
graduating from Bethay College. She taught in this 
area for some 15 years. 

When her parents died she decided to move to 
Idaho in about 1913 to continue her career in teaching. 

Harriet Winsper Shenton remembers her as 
one of her early teachers in the Wiasper one r(xim 
school with 8 grades and two years of high schcxil. 
She was teaching at Wiasper when the sch(X)l closed 
about 1924, serving as a teacher here about three 
years. Some of the students followed her on to the 
school within Jefferson County, called Level, where 
again she taught the same grades. From Level she 

taught m Warm Springs in Clark County and 
Terreton, in Jefferson County. 

It was during this time she also took up a 
homestead in the area. 

She came back to teach in Clark Count>' at the 
Medicine Lodge School about 1943 to complete the 
school year of Clarence Young. Here she taught in 
the "Big Room", including the sixth grade, Jr high, 
and two years of high school. This was also the end 
of the high school and the "Big Room" classes at this 
school. Classes she dearly loved were teaching 
literature, to include such classics as "Lady of the 
Lake" and "The Deer Slayer". She also enjoyed 
producing school plays. While teaching at Medicine 
Lodge she lived at the Stacy Bond home and rcxle the 
school bus to school, about four miles. 

She returned to Aberdeen, Idaho, where she 
owned and operated a farm for years. During her 
retirement years she moved into to the toss-n of 
Blackfoot. Friends said she still would walk back to 
her farm to care for it, whether it was in the winter or 
simuner months. She was always very strict \^ith 
herself, constantly practicing the art of self-denial. 
This meant eating one meal a day, no car, going 
without heat in her home, and wearing her old 
clothing, however, she always kept herself very neat. 
She loved her flowers, and cared for countless 
homeless animals. 

She was an active member of the Methtxlist 
Church and cared for many of the area Senior 

Her death was the result of a stroke. She \s-as 
buried in Kansas. Anna left over $100,000 to varii>u.s 
colleges, churches and the Aberdeen community at the 
time she passed away 



"Al" Andrew A. Colstm came i>ui from 
Nebraska with his dad. James Cols«in. and one vUher 
half-brother. "Will." and they formed a <\\n\c 
company on lower Medicine Uxlge. "Al" ^^^s N^rn 
in the year of 1877 in Nebraska His mo^ci u-as 
Elizabeth Thaire DeFrate Col.s*^n Spurlin. 

"Walt" Col.Min, a half brother o\ 'Al' drove 
stage at Yellowstone Park. 

He met I oucWa Green, whose people m,^tc 


Original James Colson Home 
Louella. "Al" & "Zella" 

homesteaders here. 

They were married August 11, 1904 at 
Dubois. Their first home, of course, was on the ranch 
at Medicine Lodge where they operated the cattle 
company up through the depression, which was 
formerly his dad's, James Colson. Times were tough 
— cattle died through the winter, a brother took part 
of the cattle company, and someone else got part of it, 
when the company was dissolved. 

Grandpa and Grandma were active members 
of the Medicine Lodge Grange for quite a few years 
in the late 30s and early 40s. Grandpa was one of the 
officers. They didn't miss many of the local dances 
either, many were sponsored by the Grange. They put 
on several plays for fund raisers. One time they 
decided to have a wedding dance for "Wiff' Waring, 
one of the local bachelors, who married Zenna 
Neilson. They were planning a "Mock Wedding" as 
part of the entertainment. Grandpa, who was tall and 
wore his neckerchief, was playing the part of the 
bridegroom, and Helen Bond, who was rather short 
was to be the bride. Steve Green was the bride's 
father with a shot gun at "Al's" back, Katherine 
Colson (1st wife of Francis) was the preacher using a 
Sears and Roebuck catalog for the Bible. A ring was 
ready, formerly a band used on a chickens leg. After 
all the practice and fun they had putting this together, 
a blizzard came up and the honorees never made it to 
the dance. Wayne Bond, Duke Vail, Frank Dring and 
buddies spent the night trying to get "Wiff and Zenna" 
out of the snow drifts at Cedar Butte, while most of 
the rest of the community were enjoying the dance. 
Grandpa had a good sense of humor and liked to visit 

and reminisce about old times. 

About 1936-37 they bought their little Store 
and Post Office at Small from the former owner, 
Walter Finley. 

After Grandpa died, June 30, 1946, of cancer. 
Grandma continued to run the business. She served as 
postmistress until 1955, when she retired. After 
Grandpa and Grandma moved from the ranch, our 
family, the Hank Edies lived there for a time. The 
new owners of the ranch eventually became, Hollis 
and Harriet Shenton. 

Grandma later moved to Idaho Falls where she 
lived until she died. 

Louella 's parents lived north of the school 
house a half-mile across the creek on the N.E. corner 
of the lane intersection. They had about eight kids. 
Most of them went to school in the Medicine Lodge 

During the depression days everybody had 
tough times. This area had a lot of drought. All the 
dry farmers lost all their crops, and a lot of them 
moved out of the country. This whole country was 
full of dry farms and the people just packed up and 
left them. 

Grandma Colson (Louella) was bom 
November 23, 1882, in Plain City, Utah., the 
daughter of Steven and Charlotte Knight Green. 
There were about eight children in the family: 
Kathryn, "Hattie", Louella, Steven, "Wren" Lorenzo, 
Alonzo, Elizabeth, and Julia. When she was a young 
girl, the family moved to Medicine Lodge. She grew 
up and attended school there in the first old brick 
school. When she was a girl she liked to ride horses. 

Francis Colson 


"Al" and Louella had three children: 
RozilHah "Zella", Francis, and Bonita. Bonita was 
born June 5, 1911 and passed away at an early age, 
December 20, 1928. She married Lee Dubach, Soon 
after their marriage they moved to Salmon. When 
walking one day she apparently tripped when going 
over the railroad tracks. She was pregnant at the time 
and the fall caused her to lose her baby. She died as 
a result of blood poisoning. Bonita was born June 5, 
1911 and passed away December 30, 1928. She is 
buried at the Dubois Cemetery. 

Francis and Katherine lived on Louella 's (his 
mothers) homestead northwest of the Stelzer ranch up 
Medicine Lodge Canyon, after they were married. 
The house they Uved in was the TTierneau homestead 
home. After they left Idaho, they moved to Colfax, 
Washington, where they had a farm. In later years 
they were divorced, however each soon remarried. 
Francis passed away a few years later at Colfax. 

I remembered Grandpa always wore a 
neckerchief around his neck; that was his trade mark. 
He was liked by all the people in the community. He 
was on the School Board and helped build the school. 

I stayed with the Colsons all through high 
school, I went to high sch(X)l in Dubois. I went to 
grade school at Medicine Lodge. There was, I 
believe, eight of us students that last year at Medicine 
Lodge, before the school was closed, due to the 
county school consolidation in 1948, with Mrs. Annie 
J. Tanner as the teacher. 

Dean's wife, Marion recalls: "The first time 
I saw Medicine Lodge I thought, 'Oh, it's all sage 
brush!!' Then Dean took me up to Grandma Colson's 
store and I couldn't figure out how they could have 
lived there. The more he brought me up to Medicine 
Lodge, the more I learned to love the people and the 
area. Now we about live on Medicine Lodge when 
we get a week end off. We look forward to coming 
up for a visit, the kids love to hunt and fish up here, 
too. Whenever we can, we go up to the dances at the 
school house and all the activities they have up here, 
like the rodeo, reunions and Lions Club Turkey ShtK)t. 
We fish up Indian Creek, and we used to love to go 
up to Uncle Art's. We kind of miss Art Edie since he 
moved and has since pa.ssed away. Uncle Jay used to 
also have a ranch way up the canyon and we loved to 
go up there, too. Then he .sold out and has also 
passed away. Nov. they're all gi)ne and Dean and I 
are here alone. 

Our home is in Idaho Falls where we have 
raised three boys. We now enjoy our two grandkids 

One son who has lived in Salt Lake for a short time 
wants to come back home. He found out he likes 
Idaho better than he thought he did. I've learned to 
really respect and love the people since I've been in 
the femily for 28 years." 

Grandma Colson passed away at the age of 
92, January 9, 1975, at Idaho Falls; Grandpa preceded 
her in death, June 30, 1946. Both were buried at the 
Dubois Cemetery. 



Clay Kenneth Colson, 14, son of Mrs. 
Georgia Colson, was found drowned in a small pxKil 
of water in the pasture on the family ranch near 
Tendoy. Clay was apparently irrigating uith a 
sprinkler system and was believed to have been 
electrocuted while moving pipe. He was born July 
27, 1962, at Salmon, son of the late Kenneth and 
Georgia Colson. The family lived near Lemhi and in 
1970 moved to Tendoy. The youth attended hi.s 
six years of school at Tendoy and at the time of his 
death was a freshman at Leadore High Schcx^l where 
he was an honor student and a member of the Le^adnre 
basketball squad. Survivors include his mother and 
sister, Dorothy CoLwn, \\^\h of Tendoy; a 
half-brother, Dennis Colstm of Salmcin. and a 
grandmother, Mrs. Lillian Letson of Tixxfle. Utah. 
Funeral services were at the Salmon LDS church with 
burial at the Dub<MS Cemetery. 



"1 tht)ught if 1 enjoyed myself, then everyone 
else around me would." s.iid Dorothy Col.^tm NN iih 
that simple philos<iphy. she lived life a.s an enjoyable 
adventure and brightened the li\es o( th.w .uivund 

her. Cols<in was Ntrn and raised m the up|x-r 
Medicine l^odge Canyon on her father's ranch In 
spite ot being severely lundicapjvd by p»»lio arxi 
arthritis, .she still carries with her a spirit of opnmism 
and happiness. Her mcnmrits of Medicine Uvlgc arc 



rich ones. "Sometimes we'd be snow-bound from 
Christmas until April," she remembers, glancing at the 
snow outside her window at Green's Nursing Home in 
Rexburg. "But, that didn't stop us from having fun." 
Parties, dances, Christmas programs, and any excuse 
for a neighborly get-together made boredom unknown. 
School in the winter was an adventure as well. 

Miss Colson attended the old Edie School 
where about a dozen students from the first grade 
through two years of high school learned their lessons 
in two rooms. The Colsons traveled the mile and a 
half from their home by sleigh in the winter, and 
when there was a blizzard, which was more often than 
occasionally, their father would fetch them from 
school in the hayrack. Cold and discomfort are not 
what Dorothy remembers. She speaks instead of the 
security and warmth of snuggling into the deep hay, 
wrapped in warm quilts. She loved to read and took 
her school work seriously. The teachers at the old 
school, she recalls, were for the most part good 
people, but a poor teacher in her last year of school 
almost made her lose interest. 

Sometimes when the roads were blocked to 
cars, an excuse would be found to pack up and travel 
into Dubois by sleigh. This meant an all-day journey, 
but the fun-loving Medicine Lodgers turned what 
could have been a tedious trip into a social event. 
Miss Colson remembers an election dance in 1932. 
"We went down the canyon in the sleigh, singing and 
laughing, with some neighbors joining us. I especially 
remember the sound of the sleigh bells, a sound you 
don't hear any more." 

As winter gave way to spring, the entire 

school would turn out for ball games. "I refereed a 
lot," said Miss Colson with a laugh. "I couldn't do 
much else." And, sunmier at Medicine Lodge was a 
special time for her. She could ride then, and would 
spend considerable time on horseback. When the 
crew was haying, she would ride to where they were 
working and watch from a shady spot. She was fond 
of the outdoors then, as she is now, and would not 
pass up an opportunity to enjoy the first beauty 
simimer brings to Medicine Lodge Canyon. 

Dorothy Colson's parents, W. A. and Sadie 
Fayle Colson, were homesteaders and raised cattie. 
Sadie's parents were bom in England and crossed the 
plains to Utah. Dorotiiy remembers her grandmother 
as a proper littie Englishwoman, and recalls the times 
when visits to her grandparents' ranch on the lower 
Medicine Lodge would mean "afternoon tea." 

Summertime also meant picnics, and Dorothy 
remembers the prime feature of a summer picnic was 
the big freezer of homemade ice cream. "We made 
our own entertainment tiien," she recalls. "It might be 
tame for kids now, but we enjoyed ourselves." She 
has fond memories of her cousin, Bill EUis, and his 
visits to her home. "Bill could really play the piano," 
she said, remembering how everyone would 
congregate for an impromptu sing-along. Speaking of 
"Bill" Ellis led her into a discussion of the old 
telephone system the ElUs' operated. "It was more 
than just asking for a number," said Miss Colson. 
"You could call up May me and ask her is so-and-so in 
town, and she would phone around until she found 
him." When someone went into town, they would end 
up shopping for all the neighbors and would carry 
some mail both ways. "We were a close-knit 
community," Miss Colson noted. 

Dorothy Colson was bom August 17, 1911 on 
her father's ranch. She caught poUo at 22 months, 
which left her seriously ill for some time. "I have a 
fleeting memory of when I could walk," she said. "I 
remember going down the patii to my older sister." 
Arthritis followed the polio, but she managed to be 
active in spite of her handicap. She could walk, to a 
certain degree, and managed to do a lot of riding. 
She went to an orthopedic hospital in St. Louis in 
1928 for five months. She came home with braces 
and cmtches and could get around much better. But 
Miss Colson wouldn't let her handicap bother her. "I 
knew I was stuck with it, and there wasn't anything I 
could do about it, so I just planned to enjoy myself." 

At the nursing home Miss Colson manages to 
keep busy reading, although a cataract operation 


prevented reading for a time, and she is known for her 
sparkling cheerfulness by those around her. It was at 
the home that she was converted to the LDS Church 
and was baptized in 1961. 

Dorothy passed away July 11, 1977 at Butte, 
Montana. She was buried at the Dubois Cemetery. 



"Walt" was the oldest son of James M. and 
Thaire Colson. He and his brother William were 
apparently adopted by James M. Colson. "Walt" was 
born in 1871, possibly in Montana. 

Ella. .lames (fathtT). "A!" Colson 

Their mother was Elizabeth Thaire DeFrate 
Colson Spurlin. 


"Walt" in his later life drove stage \vith the 
Redrock Stage with John Snook. In about 1907 while 
driving this stage he was held up by a lorve 
highwayman while eastbound at the top of the divide. 
At the time of the holdup he was the driver in charge. 
The only passenger was Mrs. Johannah Sharkey, who 
was on her way to some point in Montana. The 
robber asked for the treasure box, but when told that 
there was no treasure box, the robber began ti) 
examine for himself. After examining the front Kxith 
and also the one in the rear, the driver wa.s told he 
could proceed. Saturday the robber might have been 
more successful as several thousand dollars of gold 
dust went out that day. As stxm as the holdup was 
reported Deputy Sheriff Ball started for the scene with 
a small posse. The posse lost the u-acLs oi the robber 

in the snow. 

Following the incident Stage Driver Cols*m 
swore out information agairLst the man Kelley. who 
was within several hundred feet of the stage, when it 
was held up a couple of weeLs ago. The aime ha.s 
been in the charge of the sheriff for the past week 
waiting until the county attorney returrb; 


Hu^h A. (OImmi w^s. for years. bc.M 
remembered by tlie old tinu-rs on the Uxi^c »>• .uis<- 
of his calling, in a nu)st lively nwnrx-r. foi , >;e 
dances. In tliose early days .square dances vsrrc 


known as "quadriUs". Hugh, I recall, did a bit of step 
dancing as he called the various quadnll changes. 
Hugh wore a large mustache. No one in the area ot 
Medicine Lodge seems to have any knowledge as to 
where the Hugh A. Colson's moved. Up to the time 
the Colson's left Medicine Lodge they had no 
children. Mr. and Mrs. Colson sold their homestead 
and buildings to James H. Edie, brother of George B. 
Edie, in the early 1900s. James was living in Dillon, 
Montana at the time of this purchase. 




William Arthur Colson was born September 5. 
1875, at Barretts Station on the Beaverhead river. 
which is seven miles south of the present town of 
Dillon, Montana. Historical records in Helena show 
that James M. Colson came to Virginia City, Montana 
Territory, in 1863. It states that he had the first horse 
ranch in that area. His hay ranch was on the upper 
Madison river where he had an unsurveyed claim of 
160 acres and 100 head of horses. Census records of 
1880 place the Colson family on the Beaverhead river 
as follows: James M. Colson, rancher, age 45, wife 
Thaire Colson, age 32 children; Walter 9, William 5 
(my father), Ella 4, and Andrew 2. Walter and 
William were adopted by James Colson. Very little is 
known by my family about my Grandfather DeFrate 
who was Grandmother Thaire's first husband. 

"Bill" left home and was on his own at an 
eariy age. As a teenager and young man. he worked 


on ranches learning all the skills of a wboy. He 
became proficient in all phases of he cattle 
business, including buying and selling livey»ck. Early 
in his career he was employed by the Han-n Packing 
Company o( Butte, Monuna, as a cati and beef 

1 recall him relating to us kid if buying 
several hundred head of .steers ft)r Haai Packing 
Company one spring in the mid 1890' He had 
another cowU>y to help him, Sam Freemai if Dillon. 
Together the two ot them cared for and riged these 
steers on open range. They turned them i , and had 
their first camp, in Sniall Horn Canyi south of 
Dillon. As the summer progre.s.sed the gradually 
drifted them along the south side of th Blacktail 
range, ending the grazing sea.siin in the fi on Sage 
creek east o( IX-ll where the steers finisht up grass 

During tlie 1800's he also worked ir Cartier 
and Tiximey. This was a large outfit, runnir cattle on 
Camas creek on range later ovv-rwd by the '<xxl Live 
StiK'k Company. It is now owrvd by the hgenbarth 
family. In 1897 he N)ughi the ranch kn».-n as the 
Ching Place at Kilgorc and starteJ in le cattle 
bu.sine.vs for him.solf, ranching there about vo years. 

My mother. Sarah M. Fayle. was brn March 
21. 1877 in .Sandy. I'uh. She came U) thtMedicine 
Ivodge area uhen a ytning girl with her faiily. Her 
parents. William and Lliiabeth Fayle, v.^e early 
settlers, and their ranch was on lower Medicie Lodge 
creek near the old schotil ht) there. Ac rding to 
records in .Salt Lake. Sarah's mother, Elizz-eth, my 
grandm«ither, came to Utah with her parenim 1868. 
They traveled across the plains in a Fsb Cart 

"Sadie" (2nd fmm It-ft^ & Famiji 

arah and "Bill" were united in marriage on 
January 8, 1899 in Dubois. Sarah's brother-in-law, 
Willian: Pyke, Justice of the Peace, performed the 
ceremoi'. By this time, "Bill" had sold the Ching 
place. le then settled near the head waters of upper 
Medicir Lxxige where Medicine Lodge creek is 
formed y other small streams. The newly married 
couple .ttled down to ranching there and in later 
years hoiesteaded this place. It became known as the 
W. A. Olson ranch, and except for a brief return to 
the Chig place in 1908-09, was to be the family 
home f m 1899 to shorUy after "Bill's" death in 
1936. later became the Garrett ranch, and as of 
1988 is wned by Jim Tarpley. 

welve children were born to "Bill" and Sara 

Lihhv. Leah & Ella 

Elizabei was their first child born December 29, 
1899; El was born February 22, 1902; Leah, March 
19, 1904 and Clay, September 23, 1907; 

Millie, March 31, 1909; Dorothy, August 17, 1911; 
twins Martha and Thomas, March 7, 1914; Helen, 
August 14, 1915; 

I mi 

Millie Colson. Valentine Lane. Vernice Stelzer. 
Dorothy. Martha & Helen Colson 

twin girls, Mary and Mildred April 7, 1918, and 
Kenneth, November 12, 1919. Martha's twin brother 
tragically drowned when eighteen months old. My 
twin sister, Mildred, died in infancy. 


Mary and Kenneth Stacking Hay 

The announcement of the two twin baby girls u-as 
found in the Dubois Banner under Medicine Uxlge 
news in April 1918 stating that twin baby girls were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. W. A. Coi.s^m last Sunday at 
the residence of Dr. Jones. All doing nicely. My 
mother became ill when 1 was a small child, so 1 have 
scarcely any memories of her. She died in W58 m 
the hospital in Blackfcx>t. and is buried in the family 
plot at the cemetery in DuK>is. 

Art Edie remembers the first schixil hold on 


upper Medicine Lodge in 1910. He states that the 
first school teacher v,-as a young woman named Tish 
Thomas who v.'as hired by W. A. Colson. He had 
three girls old enough for school and George B. Edie 
had three boys of school age. These six children, Art. 
Hank and Jay Edie, and EUzabeth, Ella and Leah 
Colson, became the first students there. 

Dad ran a lot of cattle, and in addition to the 
home ranch, had two other places under lease down 
the creek from us knov,-n as the Wood ranch and the 
Hean T ranch. He put up hay and wintered his cattle 
on these places. In the spring, the ranchers turned 
their catde out in die lower hills east of the creek, and 
during the summer they were moved to the high 
summer range. The high countr\' became U. S. 
Forest range in about 1905, I think, and the ranchers 
were issued grazing permits according to their use 
patterns. The U. S. Forest Service charged the 
ranchers grazing fees, and so the open range became 
a thing of the past. 

Ranchers formed a grazing association, and 
two cowboys were hired in the summer to ride and 
look after the cattle. They stayed in a cow camp on 
Divide Creek near the old wagon road going over tiie 
pass to Big Sheep Creek in Montana. My brother. 
Clay, had the riding job several years as did "Sonny" 
Petersen. In those days the Martinells and Petersens, 
who ranched on Big Sheep Creek in Montana, were 
also in the Medicine Lodge grazing association, as was 
Dave Jemberg of Mud Lake. 

Quite a few horses were run on the ranch. 
Dad raised them mostly for ranch use. Surplus ones 
were sold. A small field of grain was put in every 
year, all of it consumed by ranch livestock. It was 
used for horse feed, and he kept a few hogs, chickens, 
and turkeys. A horse powered threshing machine 
made the rounds of the ranches in the fall to thresh the 
grain and sack it. 

W. A. Colson worked hard all his life at tiie 
ranching business he loved, but he also reserved time 
to take his family on annual vacation trips, as well as 
week-end visits, or get-togethers with friends or the 
neighbors. He found time to take an active part in 
communitv' and county affairs and served terms on the 
School Board, as County Highway Conrmiissioner and 
was a member of the Democratic Central Committee. 
He was devoted to his family, a good neighbor and 
true friend to all who knew him. 

"Bill" passed away following a brief illness at 
the age of 63, in a hotel at Soda Springs, in 1936. 
His wife died some years later. 

Burial for both "Bill" and Sarah was the 
Dubois Cemetery. 

Clark County Enterprise-Banner News, 
October, 23, 1924~W.A. Colson was in attendance of 
a stockmen's meeting in Dubois Wednesday. 
Stockmen are endeavoring to arrive at some method to 
rid the range of horses. It is said that there are 
thousands of worthless horses on the Clark County 
range. Stockmen are endeavoring to find a market for 
the best of them after a round up. The balance will 
probably be shot. 



My father and mother, Herman and Charlotte 
Connor and my paternal grandparents, James Silas and 
Ida Ellis Connor moved to Argora, Idaho 
in 1914 and 1916, respectively. There they filed 
homestead claims, two sections, 1280 acres of land 
directiy west of the Wood ranch and south of the 
Howard Ellis Ranch (on the bench). The land they 
filed on was a bench area southwest of the confluence 
of Medicine Lodge Creek and Weber Creek. Both 
properties were dry farms. 

Herman and Charlotte Connor had six 
children, Paulina R., the oldest, Ramona C, Maxine, 
Norma Belle, James Hunter, and Thelma June. The 
last two children were bom on the ranch. Dr. Jones 
assisted with their birth. The rest of us were bom in 
Hillyard (Spokane), Washington. In 1922 Maxine and 
Norma Belle succumbed to pneumonia. Norma Belle 
is buried on the ranch, and Maxine in Spokane, where 
she passed away. 

At the time we moved to Argora, Idaho, I was 
four years old, Maxine was two, and Ramona was five 
months. We lived in tents until my father and 
grandfather could build us houses to live in. They 
erected a plank (sawed lumber) house for our 
grandparents, and a large log cabin for us. Both 
houses were about 24 "x 30'. We used mud to chink 
the open areas between logs. Actually the houses were 
quite warm. 

My grandparents moved to Roberts, Idaho to 
live, after about ten years at Argora, Idaho. My 
parents dry farmed the land and managed to survive 


there for sixteen years. They also raised cattle and 
sheep. Father wTOte to the Department of the Interior 
for all the information he could obtain about how to 
use the land. It was beautiful black soil, and grew 
beautiful crops every year, when there was enough 
rain by summer plowing and rotating crops every 
year, even when the irrigated places failed to yield. 
We had about 3000 acres, of which we farmed about 
300 or 400 acres of wheat, oats, barley, potatoes, and 
wild hay. We sold the grain and fed the potatoes and 
wild hay to live stock. The sheep were the best money 
makers, because of the wool and lambs every year for 

Ramona, James and I attended grade school in 
a one room school house near Judge Edie's place. 
Part of the time we attended school at Roberts, when 
we wintered the stock there. I can remember the 
name of only one of my school teachers at Argora, a 
Miss Peterson. She was an excellent teacher and 
really gave us a great deal of knowledge. During my 
life time I have attended and graduated from quite a 
number of schools, three high schtx)ls and two 
colleges. All three of us received fine basic training 
in that one room schoolhousc. 

Father's ranch consisted of the Old Enghsh 
place, 640 acres, our grandparent's place, 640 acres, 
and our own homestead of 640 acres, that totals 1920 
acres. Beside that, Father paid the Forest Service a 
small amount of money for permanent rights to the use 
of another 1000 acres of land west and south of our 

My father loved this beautiful country, but the 
great depression came and we couldn't afford to buy 
feed for our stock. It just couldn't be done, so we 
moved to Aberdeen, Washington in the fall of 1933. 
Father did very well financially in Seattle, 
Washington. Dad passed av^ay at 86. in 1971. 
Mother lived to be 91 and passed a%vay in 1977. 

Ramona Connor Raush lives in San Jose, 
California, James Munter and uife, Agnes, lives in 
Los Angeles. Their nvo children are married and live 
in the Northwest. Thelma June Connor Wilson lives 
in Seattle, Washington. I am married to Clifford 
E.Plouff, a Boeing engineer. 

People I remember from that area are the 
Cols^^n family; Will the father, Leah. Clay, Martha. 
Helen, Mar>'. Dorothy, and Kenneth. We all attended 
school together. Also the Owens family. Charles, 
John. Lee and Rita, the Stelzer family. Thomas. 
Vernice. Alice, and Doris. 1 can remember a Frank 
Thorneau and a Patelzic family, also the Ellis family. 

the Fayles on Medicine Lodge, Denning (of Denning 
and Clark Sheep ranch), the Smalls. Many more 
people whose name elude me. It has been a long 

Our brand for the stock v,-as Bar C Bar C, 
used on the cattle, horses and sheep. 



Ida Mav Cook 

On a ver> warm summer day of August in 
1940 Mr. and Mrs. O. L. Cook. Ida May and "Fay*. 
arrived in Small, Idaho which was to be their home at 
least for the coming school year. -At that time they 
certainly had no intentions of Clark count\ becoming 
their permanent address. 

Mrs. Cook had a contract to teach the four 
lower grades of Medicine Lodge school that year. 
Near the school v^as the leacherage. a small log house 
of three rooms. That was the new home oi the 


Charies Alvin and Jane Ellisi^n Burton v^rre 
the parents of Mrs. Co^^k. She was K^m in S^xla 
Springs. Caribou count>. Idaho where her father 
operated a sheep business. 

The Burtim family moved to Bingham axint) 
in 1917 where they purchased a farm in the Grvnelarui 
area which v^as three miles N^-est o\ BlackfixM. There 
Ida May attended grade schcx>l She graduated frv^m 
Blackfwt high schixii. and Montana State Normal 
College which uas located in Dillon. V* ' na Later 


she received her Bachelor's Degree from Idaho State 
University of Pocatello, Idaho. 

Oscar La Verne Cook "Fay" was bom in 
Albion, Cassia , county, Idaho. He was the son of 
George Cook, Jr. and Lulu Fuller Cook. His 
grandparents were early pioneers of Cassia county. 
His father, a Spanish-American War veteran, was also 
a member of the Idaho State Band. "Fay" inherited 
his father's musical abiUty. He had a fine tenor voice 
and his choice of instruments was the saxophone. At 
one time he played in a small dance orchestra. 

From his father also came a love of the 
outdoors. "Fay" was happy when he fished one of the 
streams or when he had a day of hunting. 

Mr. Cook received his elementary and 
secondary education in the public schools of Albion 
and he was a graduate of the Albion State Normal 

"Fay" Cook 

Mr. and Mrs. Cook were married December 
24, 1939 in Blackfoot, where they made a home 
before moving to Clark county. 

Mr. Cook was employed by the Bond Brothers 
and by the Denning-Clark Sheep Company for the 
three years they lived in Small. 

Happy memories of Small include the good 
people who lived there, swims at Lidy Hot Springs, 
dances at the school, the school picnics, Christmas 
programs, the annual E!aster get-to-gethers, the 
students, the teachers, and the school itself. 

In the summer of 1944 Mr. and Mrs. Cook 
moved to Dubois, where Mrs. Cook had accepted a 
position to teach grades three and four for the school 
year of 1944-45. At that time they purchased the 
former Paul residence. That summer, as well as 

several following summers, she was employed by the 
H. R. Ham Insurance Agency to do secretarial work. 
She had worked previously for Mr. Ham. Mr. Cook 
was employed by R. S. Willes at the Dubois Garage. 
He was affiliated with the garage until 1956 at which 
time he was appointed to the office of Clark County 
Assessor to complete the unexpired term of Arthur 
Leonardson, who had lost his life in an automobile 
accident. He served in that capacity for eleven years. 

During that period of time he was active in 
local community affairs. He was a charter member of 
Lions and he was an active member of the Latter-Day- 
Saint Church. He had served as secretary for the 
Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association and he 
held positions in the Elders Quorum. 

Mr. Cook suffered a fatal heart attack on July 
3, 1967 at his home in Dubois. Services were held at 
the Beaver Creek Ward Chapel and the burial was in 
the Groveland Cemetery out of Blackfoot. 

Mrs. Cook continued to teach in the Clark 
county schools. For several years she taught Third 
Grade, and the last years of her teaching she was 
engaged in Special Education where she specialized in 
Reading and Speech Therapy. 

Throughout her teaching career Mrs. Cook 
was an active member of the local Teachers' 
Association and was a member of the Idaho Education 
Association and the National Education Association. 
In 1966 she won the Teacher of the Year Award for 
the State of Idaho. Also in 1966 she was honored by 
the Clark County PTA with a "This is Your Life" 

Mrs. Cook was also active in the local 
Republican Party. She was a member, and held 
offices, of the Clark County Women's Republican 
Club and she acted on the Clark County Republican 

An active member of the Latter- Day Saint 
Church, Mrs. Cook has held positions in the Sunday 
School, Relief Society, Mutual Improvement 
Association, and Primary. Some of those positions 
she continues to hold today, 

Mrs. Cook was named the Clark County 
Extension Homemaker's Queen in 1980 

In 1975 Mrs. Cook retired from her teaching 
assignments in the Clark County Schools. One of her 
projects since retirement has been the Clark County 
Senior Citizens Group. 




A tragic accident claimed the lives of Clarence 
L. "Slick" Cooper and wife, Lorraine, in a two-car 
accident on a county road a mile north of Parker, in 
June 1976. 

"Slick", who was mayor of Spencer, and also 
operated a self-employed building contractor and back 
hoe business, was born March 30, 1909, at Greeley, 
Colorado, the son of John Andrew and Ometta 
Robinson Cooper. He was raised in OkJahoma and 

He married Leona Hohman, March 31, 1927, 
she died January 14, 1970. 

On June 16, 1972, he married Lorraine 
Hohman Hensley in Reno, Nevada. 

He enjoyed the spt)rLs of hunting and fishing. 

"Slick" had four children, two sons, Clarence 
D. Cooper of Pocatello and Jt)hn L. Cooper of 
Stanton, California; two daughters u-ere: Mrs. Wilbert 
(Donna) Trafton of MilJta.s, California and Leona 
Rosen of Pocatello. 

Lorraine Anna was bom January 15, 1915 in 
Seattle, Washington, the daughter of Max E. and Cora 
Bussinger Hohman. Her family moved to Idaho when 
she was nine months old, where they homesteaded a 
farm at Medicine Lodge, west of Dubois. Her 
brothers and sisters included: Virgil, Robert, Frank, 
Gladys (Hensley), and Louise (Stephenson). 

Lorraine attended school in Dubois, and later 
in Rigby, where her family moved, before coming 
back to Dubois later. Lorraine graduated from the 
Rigby High School in 1934. 

She married Carl L. Hensley of Spencer in 
1935. They spent quite a few years at Chubbuck, 
Idaho. In later years they were divorced. 

After her marriage to "Slick", they moved to 
Spencer, where they built a new home, now owned by 
Melvin Blackburns. 

Lorraine was a skilled seamstress. For many 
years she had operated an upholstery business, and 
had also done custom sewing. 

She was a member of the DuNiis Community 
Baptist Church and belonged to the Poin.settia Rehekah 
L(xJge ff\ 15 of Dubois. 

She was the mother of an adopted son, 
Leonard Hensley of Sterling. 

Joint funeral services were held at Pocatello. 

A second service was conducted at the Dubois 
Conmiunity Baptist Church. 

Burial was at the Dubois Cemetery. 



John. Helen. & Son .lack 

(1923-1935) AT THE 

After more than 50 years memories may be 
somewhat dimmed where specifics are concerned, so 
no apologies will be made for minor deviations from 
facts and figures. Hiiwever, the recollections outlined 
here are not intentionally misleading and are generally 

When experimental sheep wort- mnvcd to 
Dubois from Laramie. Wyoming in I ^^18 a relativeK 
wet weather cycle was coming to an end. Idaho Falls 
recorded annual precipitation as high as 17.91" in 
1907 and as low as 6. 16" in 1924. During pre-Wi^rld 
War 1 days there was much homesteading in the 
Dubois and Clark County area. In the bi-tter years 
some fair dry farm grain crops were rai.sed on the 
small areas of tillable land scattered anumg the lava 

Tliis dry farming history combined >fcith 
publicity regarding the value o\ sMn\^o\^vT cnsilifx 
cau.sed stiJtion man.igement lo construct a mid^Arst 
typt" silo at tlie sLiUon and to break i>ut a jMl^h ot 
ground for .suntlimer cultivation. This was. I behest, 
in 1920. A factor in favor ot Kval feed producuon of 


any kind were the long hauls over poor roads to get 
the hay, grain and other supplies necessary to care for 
the shed lambing and for the other hvestock wintered 
at the station. , 

First time visitors to the station, and there 
were many, most always expressed astonishment at the 
sight of that tall silo looming above the sagebrush and 
lava rocks. 

The experiment was not successful and the last 
small crop of sunflowers was put up in 1923. Even 
sunflowers did not do well with 6" of moisture in 
1924. Thus the weather had direct influence on both 
the birth and death of the sunflower ensilage idea. 
Few of the station workers regretted the failure. 
While the idea of a succulent feed at lambing time was 
certainly sound some were convinced that the abortion 
rate was increased with this feed. So far as I know 
this was never conclusively proved or disproved. 

With the natural vegetation plowed under for 
sunflower production there was some thought given to 
returning the plowed land to grass production. 
Russian visitors mentioned crested wheat grass as 
being palatable and tenacious and certainly those 
qualities were desirable. Crested wheat grass seed 
was planted in 1928 or 29 and it was an immediate 
success and still is. 

Mention was made of roads - and they were a 
problem in the early days. The original road ran 
northeast from Dubois and was totally unimproved for 
the entire seven miles to headquarters. Continued use 
with teams and heavily loaded wagons soon resulted in 
deep ruts that presented real problems during the 
infrequent periods of heavy rains and the certainty of 
drifting snow each winter. It was always a relief to 
switch from wheels to sleds when the snow got deep 

The long range plan had always been to build 
about two miles of road directly west of headquarters, 
bridge Beaver Creek, and connect with Hwy 91, the 
main route between Salt Lake and Butte. This work 
was long delayed for lack of funds. Finally in 1929 
or 1930 the bridge was built and in about 1933 a 
W.P.A. project was authorized for the road 

Construction procedures were outlined so as 
to make maximum use of manpower and spread the 
funds as widely as possible. No mechanized 
equipment was to be used -nor was it used except for 
the cars and trucks that brought the men to work. The 
main equipment used by the men and teams were 
ploughs, fresno and slip scrapers, double jack drills 

and hammers for the rock work, picks, shovels and 
lots of elbow grease. 

Money was scarce in the area, as it was most 
everyplace, and a good portion of the available bodied 
men were hired. Work began in the fall and 
continued into the winter which, fortunately, was open 
and mild. The crew took pride in their work and a 
surprisingly good graded road was the result. The 
next spring a rock crusher was contracted for a very 
modest sum, moved down from Butte, and the road 
was surfaced. It is still base grade for the road now 
in use. 

The original wooden bridge spanning Beaver 
Creek was replaced with a steel beam structure in 
1938, and the new two lane road made this portion of 
the road, as well as the bridge obsolete, as the new 
highway ran between the railroad tracks and Beaver 

The location of the station was advantageous 
for a range sheep operation. Headquarters on the 
spring-fall range was within easy trailing distance of 
summer grazing allotments on the adjacent to the 
Targhee National Forest to the north. The winter 
allotment was on the then Lemhi National Forest 
somewhat farther west of Dubois. When weather 
forced the sheep off the range they were generally 
trailed south to the Mud lake area where alfalfa hay 
was available. 

One of the hazards that had to be contended 
with was the infamous winter blizzard. These 
occurred almost every winter, and sometimes more 
than once. Witii temperatures well below zero, 
accompanied by a howling wind and blowing snow 
that reduced visibility to a few feet both man and beast 
had to have shelter to survive. These storms often 
lasted as long as tiiree days. For safety all tiie station 
during these periods a rope was always strung between 
all buildings, barns and sheds. The men followed 
these ropes when doing the necessary chores. 

Initially, the experimental program involved 
work with the Rambouillet, Corriedale and Columbia 
breeds. The Corriedales were subsequentiy 
discontinued and work was started on the Targhees. 
These were crossbreds carrying 3/4 fine wool and 1/4 
long wool blood. 

No details of the experimental breeding 
programs will be recited here since this material has 
been well documented. However, a few things may 
be of interest. 

The occurrence of outstanding sires that have 
had major influence on the development and 


improvement of livestock breeds is common and well 
known. Morgan horses and the Domine strain of 
Hereford cattle are examples of the influence of two 
such pQtent sires. Fortunately the Columbias had the 
benefit of the excellence handed down by at least two 
such superior rams. One was 1464K. 

At the time the initial long wool x fine wool 
crosses were being made there was a troublesome lack 
of uniformity in the resulting half bloods. Normally 
there is more uniformity in type, size and quality in 
this first cross than in succeeding generations. As the 
breeding process continued, it became increasingly 
apparent that each crop of lambs sired by one Lincoln 
ram outstanding. As culling, selection and breeding 
progressed his bloodlines dominated these of any other 
long wool sire being used. 

Similarly there came a time further along in 
Columbia breed-development when improvement in 
type and quality ceased and possibly even deteriated. 
When the situation was most discouraging two 
superior ram lambs were saved. When they matured 
and were put to breeding the whole picture 
brightened. On ram in particular proved to be most 

In the early days of the work at the station on 
sheep development and improvement the most rigid 
selection and culling was practiced. That is not to 
imply that genetic principles were neglected for they 
were not. But if an animal did not measure up to 
strict standards that were established he was discarded, 
regardless of his bloodlines. This kind of procedure 
was readily understocxl by the commercial sheep raiser 
and breeder, and contributed greatly to the acceptance, 
respect and cooperation given the station by the 
industry. To recognize this one had only to attend one 
of the sales of surplus stock that was later held at the 
station each fall. 

One outstanding example of cooperation 
occurred in connection with the, by a 
Montana breeder, of a lot of Columbia lambs on fall. 
Early the next summer this man advised us that he had 
a yearling ram that should not have left the station. A 
visit to his ranch, White of Kalispell, Montana, 
proved him to be correct and the ram was re-acquired. 

This wholesome relationship with the 
commercial industry was always a source of much 
satisfaction to station workers. 

COMI'ILKI) BY JOHN ((H)l'i:k 1979 


Debbie Berst came to Dubois as a school 
teacher, in 1981. She taught two years at the Lindy 
Ross Elementary school teaching the 3rd and 4th 
grades. Kindergarten, and serving as girl's coach at 
the high school. 

Debbie left in 1983 to teach in Washington. 

She married Carl Cottonware at Winlock, 
Washington May 2, 1987. 

They live in Winlock, Washington. Debbie 
continued to teach the fifth grade for her third year at 
Onalaska. Carl works for the state of Washington 
Juvenile Corrections. 



One of the prominent young couples in 
Dubois in the early 1920s included Russell "Bill" and 
Lucille Craig. 

Their young family consisted of three 
children: son, William "Bill" Russell Craig III. was 
born to Lucille and Russell on November 9, 1925. 
On June 26, 1931, a daughter Jean, 

"Billy" & "Nellie" GarretM)n."Biir 
Craig (hack). Dennines. Lucille 

joined the family and on April 29, 1933, antUhcr son. 
Donald Lee was born. 

Lucille was the daughter of William "Billy" 
and "Nellie" Garretson, alsti of DuKms. 

Fredrick Tripp. " Nellie s" Father, died in 
1936 and his body was returned lo Sp«>kane. 
Wa.shington. He is k'.st rcmi-mfvn'd b> this wriitT as 


teaching her to count and recite the alphabet (for a 
small .05 sum), while perched on his knee at the home 
of Nellie and "Billy". 

Jean. "Don". "Bill" 

"Billy" Garretson died of cancer at the age of 
62 in 1938 and is buried in the Dubois Cemetery. He 
is most fondly remembered by his grandson "Bill" 
who still uses all the "fishing lore" taught to him by a 
special Grandpa. 

After "Billy's" death, Nellie took over 
management of the Wheat and Coal Company, the 
theatre, and the Kilgore farm. She also operated the 
Telephone Company located in the Edie Hotel. Two 
grandchildren, "Bill" and Jean were living with her, 
and this writer remembers well the long, hard, hours 
her "Gram" spent handling all the businesses, as well 
as, raising a large garden, chickens, rabbits, and a 
cow that required daily feeding and milking. 

There are recollections of several "stray" boys 
that came through town needing a temporary home 
and "Gram" always had a place at the table and work 
to be done for a small salary. 

In 1944 "Nellie" sold her home and businesses 
and moved to Spokane, Washington with a friend, 
Jessie Paul. The two women worked in a 
haberdashery in Spokane until 1945 when Nellie 
married Fredrick "Fred" W. Cline and moved to 
Walla Walla, Washington. Nellie and "Fred" lived in 
Walla Walla until his death in 1958. 

In 1959 "Nellie" moved to Btiise. Idaho to be 
near her daughter Lucille. She lived in BtMse until her 
death November 2. 1978 at the age of 97. She left 
behind her daughter Lucille, eight grandchildren, 
twenty-three great grandchildren and six great great- 
grandchildren. She was laid to rest in the Dulxiis 
Cemetery beside "Billy". 
coMPin I) HY .11 AN crak; smalx 


On April 17, 1918 twin girls, Mildred Irene 
and Mary Alice, were born to Sarah and William 
Colson. Mildred died at four months from 
pneumonia. We were born in Dr. Jones's home in 
Dubois and he was our Godfather. We were baptized 
by Rev. Kenneth L. Houlder in All Saints Episcopal 
Church in Dubois which later became the Catholic 
Church and is now Heritage Hall. 

My earliest memories are of growing up on 
my folk's ranch on upper Medicine Lodge Creek. I 
grew up with a love for animals and the outdoors. I 
guess I was a tomboy because my brother, Kenneth, 
was my only playmate. Dad taught us to enjoy work 
by giving us light chores at an early age. Ken and I 
had to keep the kitchen wood box full, feed the 
chickens and gather the eggs. As we grew older our 
work increased accordingly. 

Martha. Helen & Mary Colson 
Divide Creek Cow Camp 

We had an Appaloosa horse named 
"Walk-a-Pa" which we all dearly loved. Our horse 
pasture was covered with trees and brush. When he 
didn't want to be ridden he would hide and we would 
hunt for hours to find him. He was a gentle, sweet 
tempered horse and would tolerate as many of us kids 
as could climb on him. We had our own toy hay 
field. At haying time Dad would mow the tall grass 
in the yard between the house and the bunk house and 
Ken and I put up the hay with our small derrick. 

One year a sheepherder passing through the 
valley gave us two bum lambs which we raised on the 
bottle. One of them became a special pet and we 


played with her by the hours. She became the 
foundation for our little ranch flock of ten to fifteen 
head and we called her "Granny". It was our job to 
look after them and put them in the corral every night 
so the coyotes wouldn't get them. The wool money 
provided income for us. I think we ate most of the 
lambs. Dad also gave all of us in turn a heifer calf so 
that as we became older we each had a few cows and 
our individual brand. Our income was pooled in one 
account and used for clothes and personal expenses of 
all us kids. 

Haying was a big job during the summer and 
lasted for several weeks, depending on weather and 
break-downs. We all worked hard during this period. 
I remember helping my older sisters in the kitchen 
cooking for the hay crews. I also remember Dad's 
gallows that he built near the barn for butchering beef. 
This job really fascinated me and I enjoyed helping 
him. When he butchered a beef he would take a half 
into Roy Matsumura in DuKiis. Roy had a butcher 
shop and small grocery store at one end of the old 
Dubois Hotel. Dad would take gnveries in exchange 
for the meat. He had an^ithcr gallows down by the 
log meat house on the creek. Here he butchered pigs 
in the fall and cured the meat. He made hams, bacon, 
sausage, head cheese, and pickled the feet. From the 
beef he saved the brains, sweet breads, and tongue 
which we considered delicacies. 

One of the winter chores, in cold weather, 
was cutting, hauling, and storing ice. It was cut in 
large blocks, loaded and hauled by team to the log ice 
house. There it would be stored, packed, and 
insulated with layers of saw dust. It would keep 
several months and be available in summer for various 
uses such as making ice cream, iced tea and so on. 
Next to the ice house was the log milk house. It 
housed the cream separator, butter chum, cream cans, 
and a screened cooling cupboard where a small 
amount of fresh meat could be kept. A wooden flume 
or trough about 15-inches deep and perhaps two-feet 
wide ran through the length of it. It was constructed 
below the level of the floor and a rapid stream of 
water ten or twelve inches deep, diverted from the 
creek upstream, flowed through the building, the 
surface being about four inches below the flexor level. 
This cold stream helped keep the inside C(X)I and a 
bucket of water could be dipped from it easily. There 
was no running water in the house or plumbing of any 
kind in those days. 

Kerosene lamps were used for lighting, 
although later, when I was nine or ten, dad had a 

carbide lighting system installed. Gas was created 
from the action of carbide pellets metered 
automatically into a measured water supply. The large 
tank where this took place was buried under ground. 
The gas was piped to the house and to every room, as 
well as to the bunk house and to the bam and corrals. 
Glass fixtures were on each hght and a valve to turn 
on the gas. It was quite an improvement over oil 
lamps. We had telephone service which came to 
upper Medicine Lodge when the Medicine Lodge 
Telephone Company was organized. It was a party 
line, the old fashioned hand-crank type. It was some 
times temperamental, but a boon to isolated ranchers, 
as we were, up there. 

It was the custom in those years for some of 
the Indians at Fort Hall to make annual migrations into 
Montana. A small band of them came up Medicine 
Lodge every year, traveling by team and wagons. 
Dad allowed them to pitch their tepee and camp in his 
field a day or so. They traded for all the hides he had 
on hand and he received from them in exchange a 
supply of buck skin gloves. I was afraid of them, 
partly because of their habit of never knocking or 
saying a word on arrival. Suddenly, without any 
sound of foot steps across the porch, there one would 
be at the window peering in at us, or, if the door was 
open, standing there silently watching. He would ask 
for sugar or coffee handing over a large tin cup. One 
of us girls would fill it for him and he would leave 
without a word. From our place they continued on 
over the Divide to Montana and down Big Sheep 
Creek, then on toward Dillon area. These migration 
habits probably had been formed long ago when the 
Indians traveled every fall over the mountains to hunt 
buffalo for their winter meat supply. 

Dad took his family on a camping trip every 
year after the haying job was finished. We all kxiked 
forward to this ten to fourteen day vacation. 
Yellowstone Park was usually included in our trips. 
Clay would haul the camping gear, and perhaps a 
friend or two, in his pick-up and the rest of us would 
ride with Dad in the family car. We had our favorite 
camp sites. In the park, in those days, travelers could 
stop at any suitable place, pitch camp and build a 
camp fire. Other social activities were neighKirhixxl 
parties in the winter, picnics on the 4th of July and 
sometimes on week ends, nxieos. and dances. 

All of us children attended the Edie Creek 
schcxil, where grades one through ten were taught. It 
was necessary for us to K^ard out for the last two 
years of high schcxil in DuKiis. The Eulie schvxM was 


one-and-a-half miles from our place and we drove a 
buggy or sleigh depending on the weather. Later, 
when our older sisters had finished school there, Ken 
and I rode our saddle horses to school. Sometimes we 
used one horse and skis. I always rode the skis on the 
return trip home, and opened on upper Medicine 
Lodge in 1910. The school district was formed the 
following year with George B. Edie, W. A. Colson, 
and Mrs. Charles Stelzer as the first school board 
members. He also states that the first family groups 
to live on upper Medicine Lodge were the George B. 
Edie, "Ted" Ellis, and W. A. Colson families. 
Earlier settiers were three individuals named Fritz, 
Erwin, and Weber, but they didn't stay. Three creeks 
up there are named for them, however. 

The old timers will remember the Glendora 
Players. They came each summer and staged plays in 
the old Dubois theatre. It was at one of these 
performances that I first met Glenn, then age thirteen, 
who was later to become my husband. Dad's boyhood 
buddy, "Sam" Freeman, would come over to visit 
occasionally and he brought Glenn with him one 
summer. They stopped in Dubois to get gas and when 
they learned we were all in town to the show they 
came also. Dad recogmzed "Sam's" laugh before the 
show was over and we all got together to drive home 
to the ranch. 

Mary & Glen Crampton 

Glenn and I were married in Pocatello 
November 27, 1936. We went to California on our 
honeymoon and ended up Uving there. We settled 
down in Red Bluff where Glenn worked, and later 
became part owner in an auto parts store. Here we 
lived for ahnost thirty years and raised our family. 

We have three daughters and four grandchildren all 
living in California. We returned to Montana several 
years ago and now make our home here in Dillon. 
We spend a lot of time in Small Horn Canyon where 
Glenn's folks took up homesteads for summer range 
when his family ranched here many years ago. We 
run cattle there and stay in the homestead cabin quite 
a lot, which is only about 200 yards from the spring 
where my Dad and "Sam" Freeman had their first cow 
camp when running cattle for the Hansen Packing 
Company in 1894. 



Growing up in Clark County with my family 
and friends will always be memorable to me. 

I, Earlene LaRue Holden Crawford was bom 
September 16, 1941, at Idaho Falls, Idaho. My 
parents are Josephine EUo Haight and Earl L. Holden. 
I hved in Clark County and attended Clark County 
schools, attending both elementary and high school at 
Dubois until 1958. I participated in school plays, 
play-day, and high school drill team. We had the 
conveniences of a telephone, heated our home with 
coal and wood and also had water in our home with a 

We raised a garden and had chickens, rabbits 
and pigs. 

My special job at home was the dishes. 

I walked to church and have attended both the 
Baptist and LDS Churches. 

While growing up I attended dances at 
Spencer and Lidy's, also enjoyed swimming and we 
did a lot of ice skating. I also love to bowl. 

I belonged to 4-H Clubs, taking part in 
cooking and sewing, both at Dubois and Blackfoot. 

My dad was Clark County Sheriff and my 
mom was a housewife, when I was home. 

I started baby sitting when I was twelve. 

I met my husband, James "Jim" Edward 
Crawford, while working at the Caribou County 
Sheriffs Office. He was the Posse Conraiander. 

We were married September 16, 1972 in Soda 
Springs, Idaho. October 22, 1991, we were sealed in 
the Idaho Falls, Idaho LDS Temple. 

I worked as a Deputy in Caribou County 
Sheriffs Office in Soda Springs for ten years. My 


position was radio dispatcher. 

"Jim" worked at Monsanto Chemical 
Company for thirty-three years. He took an early 

"Jim" & Earit-ne 

retirement in 1985, that was offered company-wide. 
At the time of his retirement, he was heavy equipment 

I have four children: Travene Ello Rose, bom 
October 13, 1958 in Rexburg, Idaho. She is married 
to Neil Armstrong. They have 3 boys, Byron James, 
Thayne R. and Douglous Morgan. She has 5 step- 
children, Danial, Warren, Carl, Cory and Eri. She 
lives in Soda Springs. 

Becky May Rose was born November 25, 
1959 in Rexburg. She is married to Rick Shane 
Christensen. She has two children, a daughter, 
Danette R. and a son, Chaz Rick. They live in 
Ogden, Utah. 

Sally Jo Rose was born December 13, 1962 in 
Soda Springs. She married Craig Hill. They have 
two children, a son, Kasey Craig Hill, a daughter, 
Tausha Lyn Hill. Their home is Stxla Springs. 

Dusty James Rose was born March 25, 1%7 
in Soda Springs. He is married to Debbie Juneall. 
They have a son, Keifer Dane, and a daughter 
Candice. Candice is Dusty's daughter and Debbie 
stepdaughter. Dusty, Debbie and Keifer live in 
Tukwila, Washington. 

I have 3 step-children. Janette Crawford was 
born January 13, 1954 and marreid Brayton Paul. She 
has ten children, 7 of her own, and 2 adopted and 1 
foster daugther. They live in Griffith, Indiana. 

Diane Crawford was bom September 7, 1955 
and married Richard Mead. They have 2 children and 
live in Soda Springs. 

James "Alan" Crawford was bom July 3, 1958 
and married Wynne Sibbett. They have 3 daughters. 
He is in the Army and they are Uving in Wild 
Flecken, Germany. 

I enjoy spending time with my mom, dad, 
sisters and brothers. We all get togetiier two or three 
times a year including: Betty Holden Zufelt and 
husband, Don, Jeanette Holden, Rex Holden and wife, 
Maureen, Kent Holden, Lyle Holden and wife, 

Now that our family is grown, "Jim" and I 
run his family's ranch and his uncle "Dan" and Aunt 
Ida's ranch in Way an, Idaho. We buy yearlings in the 
spring and sell them in the fall. We love to travel and 
spend time with our children and grandchildren. Our 
winters we enjoy spending in our trailer in Brenda, 



LaMont Hodges (teacher)-Marcaret Kennev. 

Annis & Margaret \Nolfgang. Jov Gauchav. Zola 

Rider. Walter Thomas. Frank Croft*;. 

Neil Thoma.s. Harvev Rider 

Living on Medicine luxi^c in the early l^40s 
were Frank and Mabel Crotis. Frank worked as 
Foreman on the Denning ranch, located .s<iuth ot the 
Small ranch. 

Crofts had one son. young Frank, and four 


daughters. Frank, the youngest of the family, 
attended high school on Medicine Lodge. One of his 
teachers was Mr. Shiffler, of the upper room. This 
usually included the classes of grade six through the 
sophomore year in high school. He was the age of 
Neil Thomas, Walter Thomas, Joy Gauchay and 
Margaret Kenney, other local students. Crofts' 
daughters were grown, thus did not spend much time 
in this area. 

Mabel was active in the LDS church, 
attending services in Dubois. She hosted several 
Relief Society social meetings at her Medicine Lodge 
home, taking turns with other ladies in the valley. 
Wanda Willes, who was the Relief Society president 
of the Beaver Creek LDS church in Dubois, and a 
group of Dubois ladies would drive out and join the 
Medicine Lodge women, working together on their 
Dubois bazaar projects. Mabel continued to work in 
the church, and she also served as Primary president. 

The Crofts took part in community projects 
and organizations. The Medicine Lodge PTA and 
Grange, of which they were members, were active at 
this time. They also attended regular community 

Mabel was bom August 21, 1892, at Leeds, 
Utah, the daughter of Eli G. and Phoebe Ann Angell 
McMullin. She attended schools at Lincoln. 

Frank and Mabel were married at lona, Idaho, 
August 4, 1913. The marriage was solemnized in the 
Salt Lake City LDS Temple, October 3, 1913. 

They made their home in lona, and in 1916 
moved to Lincoln. They lived at Medicine Lodge for 
a few years, then back to Idaho Falls, where he was 
a weed supervisor of the county. Later they moved to 
Brigham City, Utah. 

Frank passed away January 6, 1969 at Ogden, 
Utah. She moved to Pocatello in 1976 to live with her 



She was an active member of the 
Church, serving as president of the Primary. 

Their children included: Frank M. Crofts of 
Pocatello; Lexie Gill of Idaho Falls; Mrs. Jack 
(Marjorie) Kotter of Blackfoot; Mrs. Glenn (Enid) 
Chaffin of South Gate, California, and Audrey Patch 
of Salt Lake City. 



Gauchav Sisters 
.Toy. Pauline. Vivian 

Cagle Family 
Joy. Chris. Carma. Christine 

Winnie Clark & Ella Poulson 






Viola Davidson & May Fox -1920s 





& "Pam" 




Treva & Darrin May- late 1980s 




Wayne & Emmet t 

Emmett and Wayne DaBell were sheep 
ranchers in Clark County, owning property at 
Rattlesnake, East of Spencer. 

Wayne E. DaBell was bom December 24, 
1904, at Grant Idaho. He was the 2nd son of Pleasant 
Warren and Alice May Scott DaBell. He had two 
brothers, Emmett and Clayton, and two sisters, 
Vonnie and Enid. They all grew up at Grant, Idaho. 

Wayne graduated from Midway High School 
and attended Ricks College for one year. 

He married Luella Hendricks, January 26, 
1926, and they made their home at Grant, where 
Wayne engaged in farming. Their children were 
Darell (deceased) Marlene, now Mrs. Robert C. 
Rhead of Meridian, Vonnie Lue, who married Richard 
Broulim of Rigby, and Wesley Ray who resides in 

Brothers, Wayne and Emmett formed a 
partnership and went into the sheep business from 
about 1930 to 1945. They wintered their sheep and 
conducted their lambing operations at Wayne's ranch 
in Grant. In the spring they would trail up through 
Roberts and Monteview, to early spring range at the 
Klein ranch at Blue Creek, east of Lidy Hot Springs. 

Later they purchased the Corral Creek range, 
east of Spencer on the east fork of Rattlesnake, from 
Dave Hagenbarth. This became their spring and fall 
range. After the purchase of their ranch they trailed 
from the Menan Buttes, across the river, to Hamer, 
Camas, Dubois, and Spencer. 

They sheared at Three Mile, east of Spencer, 

at the old Wood Live Stock corrals, which later 
burned down. For summer range, they trailed the 
sheep on to Island Park. In 1946 they sold the sheep 
to "Dick" Martin. 

The spring of 1955, Wayne attempted a new 
adventure, when he started to pioneer the desert west 
of Blackfoot. He cleared the land of sagebrush, 
installed a sprinkling system, and started raising 
potatoes in a big way. Later he added hay, grain and 
cattle. He and his family moved to Moreland in 
1956. Luella died October, 1957. She was preceded 
in death by a son, Derell, December, 1942. Both are 
buried at the Grant Cemetery. 

In June, 1958, Wayne married Leola Cutforth 
Draper, in the Idaho Falls LDS Temple, and they 
made their home at Moreland. Leola had two 
children, Bruce and Karen Lee, by a former marriage 
to Richard Draper, who was deceased. Wayne and 
Leola were also the parents of two children, Jacquelyn 
and Todd. Daughter, Jacquelyn, married Richard L. 
Leonardson, son of Rhule and Gladys Laird 
Leonardson of Dubois. Todd resides in Salt Lake. 

Enmiett DaBell was a native of Grant. He 
was bom at Grant, September 21, 1903. He attended 
the Grant and Midway schools. 

Emmett married Elma Rounds, March 6, 
1929. He worked for Wood Live Stock Company at 
Little Lost River for one year. 

At one time he owned the Salmon Stage. He 
also was a past secretary of a labor union. Elma 

died May 25, 1955. Emmett passed away, at the age 
of 57, in May 9, 1%0, at Idaho Falls, Idaho. At the 
time he was survived by his father, P.W. DaBell, 
Idaho Falls; four children: Berdette, Sheryn, Jerry and 

Enmiett and Elma were buried in the Annis 
Little Butte Cemetery. 

Emmett and Wayne's Parents were: their dad- 
Pleasant Warren DaBell, who was born in Harrisville, 
Utah, December 16, 1879. The family moved to the 
Grant area when he was a young boy. There were 16 
children in this family. 

Their mother, Alice May Scott, was bom May 
22, 1844, at Mill Creek, Salt Lake City, Utah. There 
were 1 1 children in her family. The Scotts settled in 
the Menan, and Annis area. 

They were married in the year of 1903. Alice 
May died July, 1945, while P.W. died in November 
of 1960. Both were laid to rest in the Grant Cemetery. 

Wayne well remembers some of the ranchers 
in the Rattlesnake vicinity; one was Eariel Peterson. 


He bought a grey team of horses from him. Scotty 
Forbes, father of Orville Forbes, had the Three Mile 

Wayne noted that there wasn't a cabin or 
corrals at their ranch, but they used the corrals of 
Leman Randall on a ranch just west of theirs. He 
well remembers the many rattle snakes when they 
lived there. 

He recalls his mother telling that Dave 
Hagenbarth was born at Spencer, June 27, 1901. At 
the time she, Alice May Scott, was helping as 
Hagenbarth 's cook and housekeeper. This was prior 
to her marriage to DaBelle. 

As of 1991 Wayne and Leola still live at 
Moreland. They enjoy their 31 grandchildren and 23 
great grandchildren. 

Wayne passed away of an acute infection at 
his home in Moreland March 11, 1992. Burial was in 
the Grant Cemetery. 




Barbara Kidd. Ruth & Pard Dalla.s. 
JoAnn .Follev 

Pard Dallas was born November 30, 1905, in 
Morehouse, Missouri to parents, Samuel Monroe and 
Mary E. Figley Dallas. He was the youngest of four 
children with brothers, Gus and Ben and a sister, 

Pard's father at that time worked as a timber 
cruiser for the Hammelbergcr-Harrison Lumber 
Company. Morehouse was the logging connection for 
that company and The Frisco Railroad. It was at this 

location that the railcars were switched for loading. 
Pard remembers hearing his folks talk of the time 
when Pard was very small and went out and caught 
hold of one of the cars while the train was moving. 
A brakeman came over and took him oft~ the car with 
a kind warning. Two weeks later at nearly the same 
spot, that same brakeman was run over by the train 
and killed. 

Pard's earliest recollections were of Parma 
and Wylie, Missouri. Pard's father leased and ran a 
lumbermill at Parma, where all the logs were brought 
in by team and wagon. He and his family lived at 
Wylie, which was a siding about a mile from Parma. 
His Uncle Jake Figley also owned and operated a 
sawmill at Wylie. Pard attended his first two years of 
school in Parma, and then moved to Jeffersonville, 
Illinois, for a 10 month stay with his father's brother 
and sister, while his father came out west. He moved 
to St. Louis to finish his third year of school, after 
which the family moved to Ash ton, Idaho, to join his 
father. Pard finished his school years there. His 
mother ran the Cottage Hotel in Ashton. A boarder at 
the hotel by the name of Clyde Lanning, was a 
telegrapher from the west end of the Union Pacific. 
He had been sent to Ashton as a relief operator. He 
sparked great interest in telegraphy in both Pard and 
his brother, Ben. They bought telegraph instruments 
and before long had run a line from the Cottage Hotel 
to an apartment out back. They had great fun sending 
messages back and forth. Eventually, Pard's interest 
waned a little, but Ben went on in 1921 to telegraph 
school in Butte, Montana. He had already hired out 
to the Union Pacific Railroad by 1922. Pard and his 
parents moved on to White Salmon, Washington. 
where Pard worked in a garage with his brother-in- 
law. Following a short venture in the garage business 
in St. Helens, Oregon, he returned to White Salmon 
to take a post graduate course in at the high 
schcxil there. By 1925 Pard had decided to become a 
telegrapher, returning to Ashton, where his brother, 
Ben, was already working at the local depot. Pard 
obtained a job at the roundhouse on the night shift. 
while he continued to study. He became a Kiiler- 
maker's helper, in which his job was to go in and pull 
the fire out of the coal burning engines. A plank was 
then laid inside to keep his feet from burning, while 
he crawled through the d(X)r to tighten the tlues in the 
steam engine. It wasn't k)ng before an older man 
came and bumped him from his job. and he \Kas put 
out on the cinder pit. He also ran the s.inil dr>cr Un 
the engines. The .s;ind was carried in domes i>n ilio 


top of the steam engines. If there was a slick place on 
the rails, the sanders were opened and sand was 
dumped on to the track for traction. Pard also worked 
a short time for Alfred Strong, an Ashton farmer. 
Pard then began working in the Ashton Depot as a 
student operator. The next spring he was sent to Salt 
Lake City, Utah, to take his examination and was 
given the OK to go to work as a Union Pacific 
Telegraph Operator. 

Pard Came to Dubois in 1926 to visit his 
brother, Ben, who was the second trick operator, 
while he waited for his orders to go to work. He was 
called to Armstead, Montana, for his first job. The 
job proved to be a very strenuous one. At that time 
Armstead handled all the Western Union for the whole 
"Salmon Country." Pard worked at Armstead for 
about a month and was then sent to Melrose, 
Montana. From Melrose, Pard was sent to Spencer, 
Idaho, to relieve Fletcher Norris. After that he was 
on the extra board and was transferred to where he 
was needed 27 times in 6 months, without missing a 
day of work. 

Pard married Ruby Hoopes of Dubois, in 
1927. They had two children, Donald B. and Anita. 
They were later divorced. Donald passed away and 
was buried at the Dubois Cemetery. 

In 1928 Pard bid on his first assigned job in 
Ashton. At one point during the depression, while 
living in Spencer with his family, he was laid off for 
over 18 months. Agent Andy Moser was very helpful 
to the family during this time. Pard was finally called 
back to work on the extra board. 

In October of 1937 he bid in the Divide 
Agency; 1939, the Monida Agency; in 1942, back to 
Dubois, where he was the second trick operator- 
Clyde Harris was the agent here then; 1945, 1st trick 
operator at Dillon; 1951 back to Mondia where in 
1952 he married Ruth Olsen, who had two children, 
Chris and Jo Ann, by a previous marriage; 1954 back 
to Dubois, where in 1956 Pard and Ruth had a 
daughter, Barbara Jean; 1957, 2nd trick operator at 
Blackfoot; in April 1959, he bid in the temporary 
agency at Spencer after Fred Gauger had retired as 
agent there, but still held the job at Blackfoot. In 
October, 1960, Pard bid into Dubois upon the 
retirement of Agent Clyde Harris and remained here 
as Agent until his retirement. 

Pard retired on September 13, 1968, with 42 
years and 4 months of service with the Union Pacific 
Railroad. He saw many changes over the span of his 
career. He remembers the excitement and activity of 

the early days when Dubois had a roundhouse and 4 
freight trains and 4 passenger trains going through 
each day. He still remembers Spencer as a thriving 
town during the Wood Live Stock Days. The depot 
there was quite scenic with a large fountain out to the 
side. Through the years there was a steady decline in 
rail service with eventually the depots in both Dubois 
and Spencer being sold and torn down. 

Pard and Ruth Dallas still reside in Dubois as 
of 1991. Their son, Chris Dallas, and daughter, 
Barbara Dallas Kidd, both reside here, also with their 
families. Donald Dallas passed away in 1983 and is 
buried in the Dubois Cemetery. Pard's daughter, 
Anita Davie lived in Big Valley, Alberta, Canada. 
Jo Ann Jolley now resides in Lubbuck, Texas. 


I was in a C C Camp—which I joined during 
the winter in 1943. We had to sign up for nine 
months. They wouldn't let us go out of camp the first 
two days. I signed up for cook or a truck driving job. 
The cook job came up first, so I took it. We cooked 
every other day; one day on and one day off. There 
were four cooks. The funniest thing about it was 
preparing lunch while we were still cooking breakfast. 

We were at the Sheep Station for about six 
months. The morning we moved from Dubois, they 
marched all the guys— starting at 6 o'clock in the 
morning, and by 4 o'clock in the afternoon they were 
all out there. I followed behind in the cook wagon 
and made them coffee, and also sandwiches. There 
were only about 5 or 6 houses at the Sheep Station at 
this time. It was a government station then. 

One night we had a big fire up there. The 
night watchman was supposed to tend the stoves. It 
got a little too hot and burnt one of the tents up. I 
had to go out in the morning and make coffee. We 
counted the guys as they came, and counted them as 
they went out. There were lightning fires too. The 
crew just used buckets. We didn't have any fire 
trucks or hoses. 

Our camp consisted of about 400 men, mostly 
from New York. They constructed roads out in the 
forest, and built a lot of other roads and fence. I 
remember once a month we received $30. They gave 
us a dollar a day, plus our board and room. When we 


received our check it was our duty to pay back anyone 
we owed, then we could go to town. The bar we 
went to in Dubois was right on main street. There 
was a cafe on one side and a bar on the other. We 
had the Juke Box to dance to. There were only about 
four girls, but they danced with all of us. The bar 
would sell us pop mostly, not much beer. 

We didn't have breakfast ready one morning, 
so my boss just let me do all the work. Well, you 
weren't supposed to cuss or anything like that, but 
when I got called up for not having breakfast ready, 
I told them, "If he'd get off his lazy butt and help me 
do my work we'd have breakfast." I almost got court 
martialed over that. 

I was there for nine months, then the war 
broke out, so they took us to Boise for our physical 
and we were to go into the Army. I didn't have to go 
because I had too high of an arch in my foot. 

I'd like to see the CCC come back. It was 
interesting. I met a lot of people and really enjoyed 



In mid 1883, Mr. and Mrs. David M. Daniels 
came from Malad, Idaho, to Medicine Lodge Valley, 
and homesteaded on one hundred sixty acres, one mile 
north of the Harden, Edward T. and John T. Owens 
homesteads. This filing was made on land joining the 
J. D. Ellis homestead on "Mollis Shenton Lane". The 
Daniels, like the two Owens families, remained on 
Medicine Uxlge long enough to make final proof on 
their homestead and establish the water right which 
had a priority date of about April 1, 1884, and then 
returned to Malad, where they also had land. 

Benjamin D. Thomas, also from Malad, who 
had homesteaded about one and one-fourth mile 
farther south, near Medicine Lodge Creek, leased and 
operated the Daniels' land. He later purchased the 
Daniels' property that he had developed, as a renter, 
to a fair state of production. He moved his family 
into the Daniel's log-house and continued to farm both 
properties and engaged in the cattle and horse raising 
on a larger scale. Thus along with Mr. and Mrs. 
Edward T. Owerus and John T. Owens families, the 
David M. Daniels family became "one of the old-time 
homesteaders on Medicine Lodge." 



Mahle Carter. "Dot ".Elmer Yeamans. 

Morris Dunster. Vernon Yeamans. 

George Dunsters. Ruth Da.sch. 

"Billy" Da.sch. "Bill" Carter 

C.P. Dasch apparently came to the Spencer 
area, working for Wood Live Stock Company and 
employed as a superintendent of the sheep operation, 
around 1898. 

Charles "Charley" Philip Dasch, was born 
July 24, 1865, at Macon, Missouri, to Philip and 
Adeline Sharp Osborne-Dasch. He was the fifth oi 
nine children. Charles left home to run sheep through 
Kansas City and up to Wyoming. While in Wyoming 
he was a deputy sheriff during the greatest activities o( 
the Hole-In-The-Rock gang. His son, Wixxlrow. still 
has "Charley's" gun he u.sed during that time. 

After leaving Wyoming he headed for Idaho, 
where he became supt. of a livestock company, being 
the W(xxl Live Stock Company. 

In December of 1898 "Charley." while in 
Rexburg, was ill with pneumonia. With no hospiul. 
a nurse was sent for. The nurse selected Helena 
Coray Lewis; second child of .seven, .'ihe was the 
daughter oi' Prof Theodore Bc-lden U-wis; and 
Ephrina Serepa Coray-Lewis. "Charley" kne\s his lifV 


wouldn't be complete without her, and they married in 
Salt Lake City, Utah, June 29, 1899. 
"Charley "brought his bride home to Idaho. Their 
children were Charles Philip, Jr., born August 5, 
1900, in Spencer. When Philip was eleven years old, 
Philip was hit in the stomach by a snowball, causing 
his death of ruptured appendices, December 7, 1911. 
He was buried in the Dubois Cemetery. Helen 
Dorothy "Dot", was born January 10, 1902; Claude 
Lewis "Bill", born August 30, 1906, at Edie; Ruth, 
born November 5, 1907, at Edie; Horace "Tod" born 
January 22, 1910, in Dubois. The family apparently 
had a home in Medicine Lodge Canyon after leaving 
the Wood Live Stock Company. They were located in 
lower end of the present George Whittaker hay field, 
next to the canyon wall. 

Helen, a nurse by profession, was appreciated 
in this community, which lacked for medical needs. 

Charles was of the Episcopalian faith, thus 
was involved with the organizing of the first church of 
Dubois, the Episcopal Church, now known as a 
community museum, "Heritage Hall." 

During the "boom" days of this area, it was a 
pleasure to meet with "Charley" Dasch in the old 
pioneer Commercial Club and his reasoning was 
always listened to with due respect. Later he showed 
up in the council of defense, during the war days, 
where he carried on. He was there to help the 
Cottonwood District raise $2,300.00--$200.00 over 
their goal for Victory Days. The Dasch family was 
very active in their community. 

"Charley," was a staunch Democrat and in 
1920 ran for Commissioner of Clark County in 
District #3. He lost the election, against "Ed" P. 
Palmer and H.J. Harmon, but still took a good share 
of the votes. 

"Dot," his daughter, was very active in the 
Dubois High School. She was captain of the girls 
basketball team, editor-in-chief of the annual, 
(schools 2nd annual), editor of the school newsletter 
and class vice-president. "Dot" graduated in 1923 
making her family very proud. During this time she 
also worked for the Dubois Idahoan and the Dubois 
Post Office. Her dream was to become a published 

The Dasch family also owned a well drilling 
business in Dubois, "Dasch & Spears." They later 
lost this business to the depression. There was no 
spot in this county, but what "Charley" was familiar 
with. He knew well any man in these parts, the needs 
of the dry farmer, the "wet" farmer and the livestock 


Apparently the early years of the Dasch 
family were spent in Spencer, then possibly, according 
to photographs they spent a few years on the Medicine 
Lodge Ranch. The family's name then appeared on 
the Medicine Lodge 1900 Census. Several children 
had listed as birth place, Edie, then Woodrow Wilson 
birth place was listed as born in Dubois on October 7, 

This photo with five of the Dasch children 

Horace "Tod". Charles Philip. 
"Billy". Ruth. "Dot" 

riding "Old Daisy," their sorrel mare, had written on 
it that Lew Ellis bought Dasch's Medicine Lodge 
Ranch. When this horse died, they had a robe made 
from her hide. According to the family, it is believed 
the children attended only the Dubois school, as 
judged by the age of the children. 

The Dasch family resided in Dubois for 
around twelve years, owning a home and property on 
Oakley Avenue. Courthouse records reveal he 
purchased lots 6, 7 of Block 4 in Oakley Additions in 
Dubois from Winfield A. Scott, March 9, 1911; and 
also in same Addition lots 8, 13, 14 and 15 in Block 
number 4 on July 27, 1911. 

In 1923 the Dasch family left Dubois with a 
large farewell at the local train station. The family 
was listed among the very oldest families settled in 
this section of Idaho. 

After trying their luck in Wyoming and then 
Texas, they returned to Idaho in 1928. This time they 
lived in Burley and later Caldwell, where on June 13, 
1931, "Charley" died and was buried. The family 
moved on to California, where Helena lived 


Helena Dasch. Helen "Dot" Dasch. 
John Storer. Woody Dasch. "Tod" Dasch. 

"Billy" Dasch. Sarah Weaver/holding 
Betty Dasch. Naomi Ham. Gladys Thomas 

with "Dot" until her death, December 9, 1957. She 
is buried beside her one true love, her "Charley," in 
Caldwell. Their son "Bill" had two sons, and died in 
1976 in Illinois. Then in 1990 their daughter, Ruth, 
who had two sons and one daughter, died in Palo 
Alto, California on March 17, 1990 of breast cancer. 
Burial was in Idaho. Their eldest daughter, "Dot," 
has one son. She lived in a nursing home in Palo 
Alto, California, until her death June 27, 1991. Her 
burial was in Canyon Cemetery in Caldwell, Idaho 
with her parents. "Tod" had no children and lives in 
California. Betty also lives in California and has one 
daughter and one son. Woodrow lives in Everett, 
Washington and has one daughter and an adopted son. 
The Dasch children have traveled far and have seen 
much in their lives, but they'll always remember 
Dubois as home. 

NOTE-Schools Edition future Clark County Book will 
feature Dubois early school records by "Dot" Dasch 
Lewis, donated by her niece. 



In 1880 or 1881 my grandparents, "Joe" and 
"Lizzy" Davidson, with their three children, Frances, 
William and Robert left Jonesboro, Tennessee and 
came to Market Lake. Here they joined Mrs. 
Davidson's mother and step-father - W. J. Adams and 
Mary Ann Harwood Adams - (who were the first 
settlers in Jefferson County). How long they stayed in 
Market Lake before moving to Beaver Canyon, I'm 
not certain, but not long, I'm sure. Since Beaver 
Canyon was the starting point for passenger and 
freight travel after leaving the railway for Yellowstone 
Park, my grandfather worked for the stage company 
caring for horses and raising hay. 


TTieir third son, John Newton, was born in 
1883 at Market Lake. He spent most of his short life 
in the Beaver area. In 1901 he herded sheep for the 
Wood Live Stock Company, spending his 18th 
birthday on this job. That fall he went to Logan, 
Utah, to the Agricultural College. During the fall he 
received a head injury and died of cerebitis March 5. 
1902. He, with his brother Robert, and parents, are 
buried in the pioneer cemetery at Beaver. TTie lilac 
bushes planted there soon after his death still blixim. 
I have three small bushes on our place growing from 
"starts" from that one, which is older than 1 am. My 

Davidson Family Picnic at Beaver Ca "> <>n 


grandmother loved flowers. I remember going to the 
cemetery and helping her pull weeds from around the 
flowers growing there and telling me, "Someday I'll 
lie here - between my grandfather and the boys." 

Davidson Family 

The last house standing in Beaver was the one 
my father built for them. They lived in Beaver long 
after most of the families had moved to Spencer. 
They left Beaver soon after John died, about 1903. 
The place was sold to a Mr. Hjort. 

In Spencer, Joe Davidson had a livery stable 
south of town, near where the road goes down to 
Beaver Creek. Their home was just south of the two 
story house where the Samples and later the 
Finlaysons lived. The Hardy s were their neighbors on 
the south. Their house burned fast, as saw dust was 
used for insulation. 

About 1911 or 1912, after the death of her 
husband, my grandmother married Pete Rasmussen, 
who had worked for my grandfather both at Beaver 
and Spencer. 

My grandmother loved music - she had a 
Victor machine with cylindrical records, a guitar, and 
later a player piano. Her "Polly" parrot didn't sing, 
but what a talker. Several people entered the house to 
her "Come In" to find no one around. 

My grandmother had many good friends in 
Spencer, the young people as well as adults. 

One day in 1921 she slipped from a kitchen 
chair on a wet floor and broke her hip. In Pocatello 
hospital they put her in a cast. She died of 
complications a week later. (Also, it was a broken hip 
that was the cause of daughter Frances' death at age 



Howard M. Davis, my father, homesteaded a 
ranch south of China Point, an area called High 
Bridge, and farmed it for about six years. I was born 
April 27, 1918, at China Point, near Spencer, a 
daughter of Howard M. and Minnie Robbins Davis. 

My grandparents, who lived nearby, were 
"Jim" and Julia Robbins Barry. 

Beside farming, father worked for Wood Live 
Stock Company, as a carpenter, and also cut ice at 
Humphrey in the winter. 

I left this area when I was four years old, but 
came back and bought the ranch some twenty years 
ago at Humphrey. On this ranch my mother and 
father spent the first year of their married life 
together, which I now own. We found some old 
dugouts on our ranch, I'd forgotten about, probably 
caved in by now. They told us some old trappers just 
dug them there. 

There was a little school at High Bridge. It 
was called the Midway School. Apparently it was 
midway between Spencer and Dubois. We were about 
a quarter of a mile north from it. The school was 
near the creek, originally. Our home was located by 
the creek, next to the edge of the canyon. The school 
is still standing, however, it was moved across the 
road from its original site. When father died in 1920, 
we had to move from our homestead. 



Chuck and Bessie 
George Thomas. .Tuanita Gilliard 


Bessie Lisle Ellis, was the oldest child of the 
union of J.D. and Alvira Tolitha Stalker Ellis, born 
July 18, 1894 at Small. She was born on the J.D Ellis 
lower ranch during the hay day of his ranching and 
mercantile interests on Medicine Lodge. She attended 
school at the log school in her father's field, and also 
the Edie School, later called Argora School. 

Bessie married Charles Renford Davis April 
19, 1913. Charles's father was Elmer Davis, 
originally from Iowa. The Elder Davis came from the 
Jerusalem Valley. They homesteaded along with Sam 
Clark, for whom Clark County would be named. 
Elmer and his wife, Viola Crowell Davis, with their 
family moved to Medicine Lodge in 1910. 

Four children would be born to the Davis 
family: Nora Kay, July 20, 1918; Thelma, November 
15, 1920; Neal October 31, 1921; and Ivan July 7, 
1924. Kay Davis Woodall, contributed the 
following recollection of her mother and father. 

Kay's recollections start with her years on the 
ranch east of the Payette River, where her paternal 
grandparents, Elmer and Viola Davis lived nearby. 
Here Bessie along with Viloa, helped to start the 
horseshoe Bend Improvement Club. 

Bessie loved music, and played well enough to 
have a recollection of her cousin, when they were 
together to do the household chores on Medicine 
Lodge, saying, "I'll wash the dishes if you'll play the 
piano." She either drove Thelma and Kay several 
miles for piano lessons, or saw that they had horses to 

Horse racing was one of the things Charles 
did to supplement the ranch income, and because he 
loved horses he could get a lot out of one. He would 
take a string of horses to the small tracks for the 4th 
of July or Harvest Festival. Bessie rode in the 
"Ladies Race" and the four children went along, with 
a supply of clothing for six for several days, in the 
years prior to the laundromats and electricity. Kay's 
recollection of helping to iron a couple dozen shirts 
with a hand iron is still vivid. 

Bessie and Charles separated, later tried a 
reconciliation, but eventually divorced. Bessie was 
living in Burns, Harney County, Oregon at the time of 
her death November 23, 1958. She was buried in 
Emmett, Idaho. Charles lived until 1968 when he too 
pa.ssed away. 



This family made Dubois, Idaho their home 
for a good many years. There were four children, 
born and reared in Dubois, by Mr. and Mrs. Davis: 
two daughters Margaret (Maggie) and Ethel; two sons, 
Edgar and Raymond. 

Maggie married a railroad man, Al Rose. 
Edgar, from early manhood, made his home near 
Rexburg, Idaho where he died at an early age. Ethel 
married a man in Bonneville County. Raymond was 
married to Bessie Speakman. They were later 

Emrys Davis was the last person, from the 
west end of Fremont County, Idaho to take off for the 
Yukon during the Gold Rush to Alaska. He returned 
to his family, after a few years, somewhat broken in 
spirit with little to say of his experiences in the 

Mr. and Mrs. Davis, Raymond, and Bessie, 
went to Spring Mountain, from Dubois, where they 
operated a dairy during a short-lived mining "boom". 
Meantime their frame home in Dubois, while vacant, 
burned. Idaho Falls then became their home. 

Ann Ellis Davis and her sister, Laura, were 
sisters of the Ellis brothers, John D., Lewis W.. Ted. 
and Owen. 

Laura married George Lane. A son, Roscoe, 
and a daughter, Dora, were born to this union. They 
made Boise Valley, Idaho their home. 
compilp:i) by carl leonardson 


SptMuer-\N (wkI Live Stink Kt u n ion 
"Chuck" and Bev" (k-f(- fronl roxO 


Elmer really appreciated his assignment at 
Dubois, with the Targhee Forest District. 

He and his wife, "Bev" enjoyed their stay in 
Dubois, where they took part in the Dubois Lions 
Club activities, and LDS Church ftmctions. 

Elmer S. Davis was born July 2, 1927 in 
Parowan, Utah, the son of Edward and Larena Davis. 
He received his education at Utah State University, 
graduating with a B.S. degree in Civil Engineering. 
He was also a Veteran of World War II, 

He worked on the Dubois District from 1974 
to 1982. Elmers primary functions was to design and 
supervise the construction many roads associated with 
the timber harvest in this area, he helped build the 
West Camas, West Camas A., West Deep Creek, 
Alex Draw, McGarry Canyon, West Dry, Stoddard 
Creek, Prospect Road, were all designed and built 
while he was here, they were for Lx)uisiana Pacific 
and Edward Hines Lumber Co. 

He worked for the Bureau of Reclamation for 
16 years prior to coming to the Forest Service on 
desirable construction of dams. 

He handled all the special Youth permits that 
deal with engineering. They put in about 14 miles of 
forest boundaries along the Dubois District, water 
systems were put in at Correll Creek, Big Flat and 
West Dry Creek. He enjoyed his assignment here; 
because of the challenge that these timber roads offer, 
the steep narrow, rocky soil, its been a challenge to 
get these roads on the mountains. 

In all he has worked with the Government 32 
years, at the time he left Dubois. 



Mrs. Elmer Davis ML Home 
Grandson. Virgil 

June 16, 1910, dawned bright and beautiful. 
Loyd Davis and I had been married just a week 
before, June 8, in Boise, Idaho. We had visited 
relatives and friends and were now excited to get 
packed, and our wagon loaded with our belongings 
and supplies to join a wagon train to go on our 
honeymoon to Yellowstone National Park. 

Elmer Davis had organized a four-horse team, 
five wagon, train with his friend, Jule Miller, who, as 
a professional, experienced, traveler, was to guide us. 
Jule's wife, Betty; son, Charles; and little daughter, 
Marie came along. Elmer and Viola Davis took the 
lead; then Viola's sister, Clara, and her husband, 
Henry Nietert, and little son, Percy, followed; then 
the Millers in their wagon, and Loyd and I in our 
wagon; last came the wagon for the three teen-age 
boys, Charles Davis, Glen Davis and Charles Miller, 
who were leading their saddle horses. Charles Miller 
also took along his famous bird dog, and the Davis 
dog Tippy. We finally got lined up and ready to go. 
I bade my parents and relatives good-bye, and we got 

We left Boise early in the morning and headed 
toward the Arco desert. Hardships came as soon as 
we got into the desert. The horses all got "Mountain 
Fever", so we were forced to camp a few days to 
doctor them, then had to travel slowly for many miles. 
Before we got far, a sand storm came up and we 
nearly choked to death, as we had used the barrels of 
water we were carrying to doctor the horses. We 
were glad Mr. Miller was thoughtful enough to bring 
along several cases of canned tomatoes to quench the 
thirst, and also a case of beer which was warm and no 
good to drink, but could wash the dust out of our 
mouths. We saw many mirages crossing that desert, 
which kept us hoping and pushing onward. 

Finally the real sight of green trees, along the 
good old Medicine Lodge Creek, came into view. 
There was whooping and shouting and excitement. 
We would soon have plenty of water and rest for all, 
including the horses. It was a real oasis. We camped 
along the creek for a couple of weeks and rested, 
while the men folks helped an old settler (Ray Fayle ) 
harvest his second cutting of alfalfa hay. Elmer Davis 
spotted a 600 acre hay ranch he planned to buy for a 
home and to raise livestock. He made a deposit, then 
we loaded up and continued our traveling to the 
Yellowstone over the Teton Pass into Wyoming. We 
stopped at Driggs, Idaho, and had the horses newly 
shod before starting over the rugged pass over the 
Tetons. The road wasn't much more than a cow path. 


and there were some very steep and dangerous grades 
to go over, but we landed safely on the Wyoming 

We decided to camp at the Mormon Village of 
Wilson, Wyoming for a rest. It was the 24th day of 
July and the Mormons were celebrating their 
Independence Day. They had organized a baseball 
game and came to our camp for players for the 
opposite team. Our menfolks helped them with six 
from our camp and three of the local boys finishing 
out the team. The game was played Boise vs Wilson. 
We were proud to say Boise won. 

We traveled on toward Jackson Hole, passing 
the lava beds. Along the creeks and rivers scenery 
was beautiful and there was small game to be had and 
good fishing. We entered the park at the southern 
entrance where we were asked to leave our guns and 
dogs. They were not allowed in the park, where the 
animals were running free and protected by the park 
attendants. No automobiles were allowed to stampede 
the animals. Everything was horse drawn. The stage 
coaches ran on schedule. There were plenty of good 
places to camp near geysers, lakes, and lovely hotels 
where we picked up our mail and mailed letters to 
relatives and friends at home. 

The bears were quite tame all through the 
park. They were fed every day where we could watch 
them and other animals feed. The geysers and lakes 
were beautiful, especially Old Faithful, which erupted 
on schedule. We camped near the beautiful "Old 
Faithful Inn", a very large hotel built out of logs and 
put together with wooden pegs (no nails). We enjoyed 
all the sights and traveled on to the northern entrance 
where we picked up our guns and dogs when we left 
the park. They had been transferred to us there. 

Now we headed back, via Spencer, to 
Medicine Uxlge and to the Elmer Davis ranch. 


Lovd. Iva. Son. VirdI 

There was only a small log cabin, with a dirt 
roof, which we fixed up for Loyd and me to live in, 
and that's where we were living when our son, Virgil, 
was born. A large log house was soon built for the 
rest of the family. Loyd was appointed foreman of 
the ranch, and I helped cook for the ranch hands and 
the stockmen. The two younger boys, Charles and 
Glen, helped with the cattle round up and dehorning, 

The wagon train had dispersed and the Millers 
went back to their home in the Boise Valley. The 
Henry Nieterts bought themselves a small ranch on up 
the Medicine Lodge Canyon. They also raised stock, 
mostly milk cows. Elmer Davis joined Sam Clark in 
the livestock business and shipped through the 
Livestock Association. 

The two boys, Charles and Glen, finally 
married local girls. 

Charles married Bessie Ellis (daughter of one 
of the old settlers there). 

Glen married Ruth Shiffler. Her parents were 
also early settlers of Medicine Lodge. Glen built a 
house and took up dry farming. He was born October 
28, 1892 at Preston, Iowa. Glen and Ruth had one 
daughter, Eleanor, who preceded him in death. This 
marriage was dissolved and in 1966 Glen married 
Laura M. Strum. Mr. Davis was a rodeo jockey and 
worked most of his life on ranches caring for race 
horses. He died in 1969 at the age of 77 at Caldwell, 
Idaho. He was buried in the Horseshoe Bend 

Chuck and Bessie stayed on the Davis ranch. 

We met some wonderful friends and had many 
social activities. There was a Community hall where 
on Sunday there were Sunday Schcx>l classes and 
dances on Saturday night. Music for the dances was 
furnished by Carl Leonardson and me. Once in a 
while, a Benefit Box Social was held, and Kixes with 
a supper for two were auctioned off. The proceeds 
were used to help a p<>ir family or two. The church 
music was furnished by Bernice Leonard.Mm. a 
talented musician. 1 helped by teachini: one ot tin- 
primary classes. 

Elmer Davis was elected Seruitor troni Clark 
County and served two terms, u-avelinc to l^Mse 
during legislature. loiter, he and Sam Clark lourHlcd 
the tlrst "Security State Bank" in PuUms. jiMneJ b\ 
many of the local people as sti>ck holders. On Aucu.^t 
1 1, 1916. they held the grand opening arxl welcoming 
to the public. 


Elmer. Grandson. Virgil 

Loyd and I decided to buy ourselves a ranch. 
We went to Blackfoot and bought a 40 acre potato 
ranch. Mr, Davis then decided he wanted more land, 
so he sold his 600 acres and went back to the Boise 
Valley and bought a thousand acre stock ranch near 
Boise in the Horse Shoe Bend area. He raised hay, 
grain, and beef cattle. He sold many cattle to the 
Army during World War I. He also maintained a 
CCC Camp on one end of his ranch which he 
furnished with grain and vegetables from the garden, 
and Mrs. Davis made fresh butter for them. 

Mr. Davis, his wife, and two sons kept the 
ranch until he became ill and had to give up working. 
They went to Boise where they bought a little house. 
He died of cancer of the liver and his wife died some 
years later. 

In the meantime, Loyd and I raised Idaho 
Russets and shipped them via the Association. We 
hired Indians from the Blackfoot reservation at 
Pocatello to help harvest our crop. The next year the 
railroad went on strike and we lost a great deal with 
no way to ship our potatoes. We traded the ranch for 
a 60 acre ranch up near Mackay along the Big Lost 
River and planned to raise beef cattle. We bought a 
small herd of Texas Long Horn steers for a start. We 
put them on government owned winter range. The 
range was up where the Sun Valley Lodge is now 
located. There was good winter grazing, but early in 
the spring the green loco weed sprouted and our cattle 
ate it. They all bloated up and died. We were 
heartsick about our great loss. The next winter was so 
cold. It was 20-40 degrees below zero and there was 

snow 6 to 10 feet deep. The altitude was more than 
6000 feet. Our boy almost died with pneumonia after 
the measles. We had him in the hospital one whole 
winter. I got sick with stomach trouble and had to go 
to Salt Lake City for surgery. Our Doctor advised us 
to sell the ranch and go to a lower climate, which we 
did. We went back to Boise for a time, and bought a 
house there. Loyd worked for the Boise Fire 
Department, which he didn't like too well. We drifted 
on to Pendleton, Oregon where he was a wheat ranch 
foreman for a while. Then a severe 10-day dust storm 
came and covered the just seeded wheat. We had to 
wear masks in order to breathe. As soon as it 
cleared, we left there and went to Portland, Oregon 
until we located a job in Hood River running a fruit 
ranch (mostly apples) with a packing plant where we 
could all work. Virgil was old enough to pick 

apples, and I became an expert apple packer. Loyd 
liked working with the horses hauling the packed 
boxes to the depot for shipping. During the winter it 
rained steadily, then it snowed, then rained, then 
froze, then rained some more, then froze. The ground 
was covered solid with ice. Loyd put on ice skates 
and skated to town to bring the mail for us and all the 
neighbors. Suffice it to say we had enough of that, so 
we bought a used car that spring and headed for 

We finally landed in Los Angeles and took a 
job out of Burbank running the English Walnut Ranch, 
called he "Nancy Ellen", owned by a Mrs. Wood of 
Hollywood whose husband was a play-writer for the 
Jess L. Lasky Studios. That ranch was sold for a half 
a million dollars. We wound up in Glendale where 
many things happened: Virgil got married, raised a 
family of three children and six grandchildren. Loyd 
died in 1942 from a kidney infection. I have worked 
almost every day since then, I'm about a 50 year 
resident of Glendale. I am still drifting along with the 
tide. Things are so different now that I am an 
advanced Senior Citizen. 



"Bob" Bare, was riding for his cattie in Birch 
Creek one fall, when he came upon a dead man at the 
mouth of this canyon. This happened sometime in the 
mid or late 20s. I don't know how Harry Rayner, the 


sheriff of Clark County got into it, but Harry went out 
and gathered him up. There were no telephones in 
that area. This was about in December and I, Johnny 
Zweifel, lived with Henry Thomas at Lidys at the 
time. Rayner came driving in, stopped, and came to 
the house. We were just sitting there having a cup of 
coffee. It was a pretty cold day, with the wind a 
blowing. He asked Henry for a cup of hot coffee. 
We all sat there drinking our coffee. Then he said to 
Henry and me, "I've got a dead man out there, come 
out and look at him and see if you know him, because 
there's nothing on him that says who he is." So, we 
went out to take a look. Harry had a Model A Sedan 
car, with the top folded down, but there was no body 
in the canvas he had been wrapped in. (Harry said 
they couldn't lift him into the car, so they had 
wrapped the body up in a canvas and raised him up on 
the running board, and tied him on. Well, Harry 
was a little nervous by now, so we jumped back into 
his car and went back up the road looking for the lost 
body. We got about half way across the flat; there he 
laid along the road. We dragged him up and loaded 
him in the car, but we never did find out who he was. 

Harry took him on into Dubois. I remember 
Rayner telling about the incident later, saying there 
were several women that came in to check him out, 
saying their dad was gone and hadn't been heard 
from, but none of them would ever claim him. The 
town finally buried the unknown victim. 

However, that is how Deadman Canyon got its 
name in the Birch Creek Valley. 



My opportunity to work at the U.S. Sheep 
Experiment Station has offered me more hands-on 
experience in sheep medicine, and even ruminate 
medicine in general, than any 2 week block at Vet 
Sch(K)l could ever offer. From pulling lambs to setting 
broken legs, to doing C-Sections, the station provides 
a vast array of different medical problems and 
pathological conditions in one spot at one time, due to 
the concentration of animals during a high stress 
period of their life. 

The hours were long, but the rewards are 
high. The approach taken with the students here 
allows us to do tilings and not just watch. 

When I first got here it was like baptism by 
fire. The animals presented to me were "my" case 
and the decision on the case were primarily my 
responsibility. By the end of my three week stay as 
an Intern Student, I was feeling more comfortable with 
the responsibility and more confident about my own 
abilities in general. 

I wish to thank everyone at the Dubois, Idaho, 
U.S. Sheep Experiment Station for being so friendly 
and caring. You all made me feel so welcome which 
is greatly appreciated when you're 2,000 miles from 

of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine 


Lvda. Eli/a (Mother). Joe 
(Twins) Mary & Edith 

In the spring of 1919, shortly after the first 
World War, our father was interviewed by President 
John W. Hart, superintendent of the WchkI Live Slock 
Ranches. As a result of this interview, our father. 
Orson B. DeMott, became the foreman of the ranch 
located between Hamer and Camas. The ranch was 
16,000 acres, containing some farming and a lot of 
range land. 

Or.son DeMott was an expert horseman He 
understcHKl their breeding and training and he oversaw 
the breaking o\' many teams. I remember the ne\v 
horse hitched with an old reliable team mate A 
rigging called a running W. made o\ ro|v going Irom 
one shoulder to the ankle An<.\ then up to the other 


shoulder of the unruly horse, was used to pull the 
horse to his knees when attempting to bolt or run. A 
few corrections in this manner soon discouraged 
unruly behavior. There were five thoroughbred 
stallions. They also raised mules and broke them for 
use on the various ranches owned by Wood Live Stock 
Company. This was a time when all field work was 
done by horse and mule power. It was a time long 
before the ease of the tractor age as we now know it. 

The cowboys who rode the range and cared 
for the cattle had a cow camp on this ranch. They 
were real cowboys, wearing big protective cowboy 
hats, leather chaps, and six shooter guns in their 
holsters. The guns were for their protection against 
rattlesnakes and cattle predators. Each cowboy had 
what was called a "string" of horses. This was 
several fine roping horses of his own from which he 
could choose and trade mounts as the need arose. 
Many times these hard working men would drop in at 
the dining hall, hungry. Our mother, Eliza Rowberry 
DeMott, with her good homemade bread, pies or 
anything else on hand, graciously served them. 

"Bill" Sommers, the "chore boy" a fine, 
plump, good natured, man milked 12 cows and put the 
milk through a hand turned separator. He fed the 
skim milk to hogs which in turn were fattened and 
butchered. This meat was kept in a refrigerated meat 
house along with the butchered beef. From this meat 
the cow camp was supplied. 

Father saw to it that anything from the garden 
that could be used by the cow camp was grown in 
large supply. Potatoes, carrots, beets, onions, apples 
from the orchard, and butter churned by hand from 
separated cream, was supplied to the cow camp. 

In the fall a large portion of our big lawn 
would be covered with onions laid out drying in the 
sun. When the onion tops became thoroughly dry it 
was time to top the onions with knives and store them 
away for winter use. 

The big, beautiful apples were carefully 
picked, put into the wagon box, and hauled to a well 
insulated building. The team backed the wagon to the 
open door of this building and the apples were 
carefully placed in a large bin. There they would 
keep for weeks and weeks, with such a sweet aroma 
that it comes back to me now. 

One year the company furnished 500 glass 
fruit jars, bought us an apple peeler and paid Becky 
Woodard, a good neighbor, to help Mother fill these 
jars with Transparent applesauce. During the winter 
this was as near to fresh fruit as was available. 

Dad irrigated, grew, and saw to it that 
quantities of alfalfa were stacked for winter use. A 
year or two Dad let some of the alfalfa go to seed and 
harvested the seed to plant on the ranches. Fields and 
fields of wild hay were also cut and hauled. The men 
did this with a haying boat, which was a rather flat 
low platform on wheels that swayed back and forth as 
it traveled empty. Men in the field pitched the hay 
onto this boat with one aboard to receive and arrange 
the hay. The man on the boat, stacking, had to 
always be on the alert for rattlesnakes that might be 
pitched up with the hay. 

When it was freezing cold during the winter 
months, ice from Camas Creek, which ran close by 
the ranch house, was cut into thick blocks and put 
away in the ice house for summer use. Sawdust in 
the thick walls of this building and packed around the 
chunks of ice preserved it from melting throughout the 
summer. From this we were able to get ice to freeze 
homemade ice cream during the summer months. 
There was no other way for us to have this delicious 
treat because we lived five miles from Camas, the 
nearest little town, and miles from Hamer. At that 
time we had only ice boxes kept cold with a chunk of 
ice. There was no deep freeze or electric 

There was no electricity at the ranch. Our 
lighting was supplied by our own Delco system. 
However, we did have a telephone, a big wooden one 
which hung on the wall. The phone had a metal crank 
on the right side, which we turned in order to give the 
number to the operator. It was a party line and I 
remember we answered to just one ring. 

Everywhere we traveled was by buckboard 
wagon, or by light horse drawn wagon, sitting high on 
the spring seat beside the person driving the horses. 
In the winter, our mode of transportation was by bob 
sleigh to town, to church or to school. We rode to a 
one room school at Centerville in a bob-sleigh covered 
with canvas, like a sheep camp, to break the cold 
winds. A small camp stove inside the sleigh was 
lighted on very cold days. Even so, our cold feet 
became frost bitten. Warm overshoes or Kickerinos 
were unheard of then. 

These are my memories of Wood Live Stock 
Company days as a child from seven to eleven years 
of age. Fortunately, I had a twin sister to play with. 
She is now Mrs. Gwynne (Mary DeMott) Mill ward. 




W.A. Denecke served as the second 
superintendent of the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, 
a job that proved very challenging, for seven 
consecutive years. 

Mr. Denecke was born February 16, 1899 in 
Casper, Wyoming. In 1920 he graduated from the 
University of Idaho with a B.S. degree in animal 
industry. He was a member of Alpha Zeta, and 
agriculture honorary fraternity member. 

In 1920 he went to work at the U.S. Range 
Sheep Experiment Station at Dubois, Idaho. 

In 1931 he purchased an interest in the 
Rambouillet Company in Bozeman and operated this 
until 1965 when he retired. He was one of the 
founders of the Montana State Fair, served as director, 
past president and honorary president of the Montana 
Wool Growers Association. For a time he was a 
director of the Gallatin County Wool Pool and a 
member of the advisory committee of the Montana 
State Wool Laboratory. 

Mr. Denecke also served as a director of the 
Federal Reserve Bank of Helena and Minneapolis and 
was a member of the Fortitude Masonic Lodge at 
Dubois, Idaho. 

He was one of the promoters forming the 
Columbia Sheep Breeders Association of America in 
1941. From 1943 to 1948 he filled the capacity of 
president of the Association. One of the proudest and 
highest honors he achieved in the Association was 
recipient of the Columbia Silver Bell Award. 



Eli/.aheth ;ind Jamfs 

In the early 1900' s James Denning came to 
Medicine Lodge from Big Lost River, where he 
become acquainted with a stockman, Frank Swauger. 
On Medicine Lodge Mr. Swauger and James Denning 
formed a partnership know as Denning and Swauger. 
Swauger, having come to Medicine Lodge a few years 
earlier, purchased 160 acres of the Ervin V. Collier 
homestead. Mr. and Mrs. Swauger built a frame 
cottage on the newly acquired acreage where they 
resided, during the years while in the sheep business, 
along with James Denning. 

The parmership of Denning and Swauger 
prospered. In the year 1920 the Samuel K. and 
Elizabeth Clark family, including their four children: 
Jane, John, Samuel T. (Tom), and small sister, 
Connie, came to Medicine Lodge. Mr. and Mrs. 
Clark bought the Swauger interest in the Denning and 
Swauger partoership, to form the Denning and Clark 
which later, I believe, became incorporated. Mr. and 
Mrs. James Denning then took residence in what had 
been the Swauger cottage. Mr. and Mrs. Swauger 
went to Ogden, Utah, where they made their home for 
many years. Contact with Medicine Lodge residents 
became almost nil. 

In 1928 Paul King purchased the old Howard 
ranch on Birch Creek from Denning and Clark. He 
moved on his new possession and farmed that 

The same year, the Watts ranch on Birch 
Creek was sold by Denning and Clark to Ray Mewre 
of Idaho Falls. 

The Denning and Clark holdings in Clark 
County were purchased by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lau. 
They came to Medicine L<.xlge from Soda Springs, 

James Denning died in 1944. ElizaK'tli 
Denning, who had been Kirn in New York, died there 
January 29, 1952. She had returned to Siaten Island. 
New York to live with her brother, Charles McCabe. 

James Denning was born in Nortli Ireland, 
where he was left an orphan at the age of ten. At 
twelve he was apprenticed to a grocer* and liquor 
establishment, wiiln>ut pay. for four years. 

Later an older brother livinc in the Tnited 
States .sent him money for his pa.s.sage. Most o\' his 
formal education, was obtained by attendmg night 
school in New York Cit> . where he worked as a valet 

He became employed by Sen.itor W A Clark 


of Butte, Montana in 1886, serving the Clark family 
eight years. In 1894 he joined W.A. Clark, Paul 
Clark, and W.R. Davis, to form the Davis, Denning 
Company. This company developed to buy and sell 
cattle and land, headquartering in Howe, Idaho, with 
Denning as manager. In 1900 the closing of the 
Bunting and Company Bank of Blackfoot, took most 
of the company's funds, and later that same year the 
company dissolved. 

James bought the Hunsaker ranch on Medicine 
Lodge, starting with a band of fifteen hundred head of 
sheep. His foreman, R.F. Swauger, became his 
partner, and in five years he bought out Swauger 's 
interest for $30,000. The next year he organized the 
Denning and Clark Livestock Company of Dubois 
with a capitalization of $100,000. Stockholders 
included: James Denning, S.K. Clark, J.D. Ellis, 
R.A. Pyke and Dave Miller, with Clark as president, 
and Denning as Secretary-manager. Denning and 
Clark and sons were to become sole owners, and in 
1920 they ran some twenty thousand head of sheep, 
and also three thousand head of cattle, owning some 
five thousand acres of land. Denning had other 
interests also. 

Denning & Clark Home Ranch 
Nancy Chastain. Nannie Ingram 

Many of the ranchers ran their livestock in 
Birch Creek Valley, and other regions. They 
included: Ben Williams running a thousand head of 
horses; the Renos had a thousand to fifteen hundred 
head of horses, beside cattle and sheep; Carlings had 
cattle and horses; the Wood Live Stock Company 
ranged extensive herds of cattle, horses and sheep 

Denning was one of the original Clark County 
Commissioners. He also helped to establish and 
furnish the Dubois Espicopal Church. 

Harriet Shenton remembers he called his wife, 
"dearie." One day they drove into Dubois by horse 
and buggy for supplies. He apparently had his mind 
on business, and was in a hurry to get home. When 
he got there he remembered he forgot to bring 
"dearie" back home with him, so he turned around 

and drove back to Dubois. 


"Curt" chose the profession of Sheepherding 
in the later years of his life. He was one of the better 
herders to work at the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station. 
Many herders have a reputation of spending quite a bit 
of time at the bar, but this was far from "Curt's" way 
of life. He took his work seriously and brought in a 
good looking band each fall. He worked there during 
the seasons of 1964 and 1965. While at the Station he 
was employed by the University of Idaho under 
Kenneth R. Frederiksen. 

He apparently took up this profession in about 
1962 when be worked for Williams and Tavenner at 
Deerlodge, and in September of the same year worked 
for Dave Hagenbarth of Dillon, Montana. In 1963 he 
worked for Bob McDowell, Wisdom, Montana, and in 
the fall for Irvin and Cotton Potato Producers, then for 
the U.S. Forest Service at Wise River, Montana. 
Early in 1964 he was with Wes Johnson and early 
spring of 1965 with Vaughn Stringer of Nyssa, 

"Curt" was born May 31, 1915 at Somerset, 
Kentucky. His early schooling was in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, fi-om 1924-1932. 

He entered the U.S. Army Air Corp where he 
served from August, 1942, to March 1946. He 
received his Honorable Discharge March 19, 1946. 
He was in the Panama Canal Zone from June 1944 to 
March 1945 and in the China-India-Burma Theater 
1945 to 1946. 

"Curt" has since retired, and lives in Dillon, 




Royal Simeon "Roy" Dingley was born 
September 7, 1867, in Lewiston, Maine. He was 
strongly influenced by his Uncle Sim Estes's 
experiences in Bannock, Montana, and he arrived 
there by train in 1880-90. He married Harriet Huff 22 
of August 1894; their first child, William Harry was 
born in a cabin on Grasshopper Creek near Dillon; 
their next three children were AJvin, John, Nellie 
Ann, all were born in Dillon. 

Nellie Dinglev 

Family matters called them back to Lewiston, 
Maine, where their fifth child Myron, was born. The 
family later returned to Montana, where five more 
children were born, twins Leslie and Hazel, Carrie, 
Estella and Katherine. 

They moved to Payette, Idaho, for a few 
years, before taking up homesteading on Middle 
Creek, Idaho, in 1913; they moved with team and 
wagon, and the rest was shipped by freight to Dubois, 

In crossing the dry arid country at one place 
they came upon a house where the people had to haul 
their water. My folks asked for water for the horses 
and were charged one dollar a bucket full for what the 
horses drank. 

They stayed with the Ed Drown family until 
Roy and Ed could get the logs out of Medicine Uxlge 
to build a house. They built by a nice cold water 
spring on Middle Creek. 

On November 28, 1915, their eleventh child 
was born; they named him Montrose E. named after 
a family friend, Louis Montrose. The Dingleys had a 
large family. Eight of the children made this trip, 
while two of the oldest boys stayed behind working at 
jobs they had while living at Payette. 

Dingley Boys on Wood Pile 

The children all pitched in and helped uiih 
chores, taking care of the household tasks and taking 
care of the horses, cows, pigs, and chicken.s. They 
also gathered wood and cut wood until they had a 
tremendous wood pile. 

The family moved to Armstead (now under 
the Clark Canyon Dam Lake) in 1921, and a few 
years later to Dillon. World War 1 took the older 
boys to southern California. World War 1 1 also drew 
the Dingley children to Southern California, but one 
by one most of them have returned to Montana. At 
present, Myron, Leslie, Carrie and Monte live in 
Dillon. Hazel lives in Prescort, Arizona. Katherine in 
Idaho Falls, Idaho, Estella lived in Roseburg. Oregon. 

I, "Montie" was only five when our family 
moved to Dillon, Montana, but 1 remember some of 
our friends and neighbors and relatives while living at 
Middle Creek, Idaho. They included the families of: 
John Zweifel, Smalls, Col.son, Ellis, Gauchay. Art 
Holbr(X)k, Bill Ingram, Greens, Stringham. EJuarJ 
Drowas, Aunt Margaret & Sam Hardesty. Lx>uie 
Anderson, Frank Seybold. Denning and Clark. 
Kibbers, Fred Vinner and U*o Pateizick 

Roy Dingley pa.s.sed away the .^1 o\ .August 
1942, and is buried in Dillon. Montana, alongside 
Hattie. Leslie Thetxlc^re Dingley«d away at the 
age oi'S5, at Dillon. Montana, he was the sixth child 
of Roy and Hattie Dingley. He married Nellie lk-11 


Seybold in 1923, and they made their home in Mud 
Lake, where he worked for Snake River Equipment in 
Terreton; after his wife died he lived with his twin 
sister Hazel. 

Survivors are two brothers Myron, and 
Montrose of Dillon, Montana, three sisters Carrie, 
Estella, and Katherine. 


Lester Dinglev. Hugh Small. 
.Tack Dinglev 

Leslie T. Dingley moved to Middle Creek 
with his family at the age of ten. He and his twin 
sister, Hazel were born June 25, 1903 in Dillon. He 
was the sixth of eleven children born to Royal Simeon 
Dingley and his wife Harriet Catherine Huff. 

After leaving Middle Creek he worked on 
ranches in the Armstead and Lima areas, and ran 
sheep in Little Sheep Creek. He married Nellie Bell 
Seybold November 20, 1923. They lived in Mud 
Lake, where he did custom plowing and threshing and 
then worked for Snake River Equipment in Terreton. 
He and his cousin Louis Anderson restored and 
repaired airplanes after World War IL 

After the death of his wife in 1961, he lived 
with his twin sister in Terreton. When he retired, he 
moved to Prescott, Arizona, and returned to Dillon in 
the mid 1970s. During his retirement in his home 
town, he loved to fish and hunt and always 
appreciated the beauty of his surroundings. 

Leslie passed away at the age of 65, in 
September, 1988. Interment was at the Lima 







W ^ 


.loseoh Dives 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Dives came to Medicine 
Lodge from Malad, Idaho, in about 1884, and filed on 
a homestead adjoining the lower part of Hugh 
A.CoIson homestead, the property then continued 
south adjoining James M. Colson homestead on the 
east. The Dives land was one-fourth mile wide and 
one mile in length, from what is now the Kenneth 
Rowland Lane to the former HoUis Shenton Lane. It 
seemed convenient to name various lanes, the length 
of Medicine Lodge Valley. 

The 160 acre tract that Joseph Dives filed on 
laid one half mile along Medicine Lodge Creek. 
Dives built a cabin and lived on the land just long 
enough to prove up on the homestead, doing very little 
cultivating, if any. They sold to James H. Edie about 
the same time Hugh A.CoIson sold to the same person 
in the year of 1896 (By warranty deed). 

The Dives had no children during their stay in 
Medicine Lodge. 

He had little ability as a farmer, but preferred 
to chew tobacco and play checkers. Mrs Dives often 
visited at my parents home, and was a dear friend to 

After leaving Medicine Lodge, nothing was 
heard of or from the Dives. They, like many other 
settlers in the area, departed to areas of greater appeal 
to them. However Carl A. Doschades, rancher and 
cattleman from Medicine Lodge, said that on a trip to 
Nevada to buy cattle, he met up with Joseph in a 
hotel, where he was on duty as a night clerk. When 
Mr. Doschades was asked about Mrs. Dives he said, 
"Joseph and I were so busy chewing the rag I forgot 
to ask". 




P.J. Donahue was a well known Camas Creek 
rancher. While in Dubois August, 1924, he was 
killed, when he attempted to stop his runaway team. 
He was knocked down by the frightened horses, which 
pulled his heavily loaded wagon over his body. One 
of the wheels hit him at the base of the skull, crushing 
out his life almost instantly. 

He had just finished loading a quantity of 
shingles when the team became frightened at an train 
engine which was approaching, causing the fatal 
accident to occur. 

Donahue was 52 years of age and had resided 
in this vicinity for about six years, coming here from 
Butte, Montana. He had previously lived in Butte a 
long time. He was born in Ireland. 

His body was shipped to Butte, Montana, for 
interment. He was survived by a wife and several 
brothers and sisters. 



Auiiust holdint; Bernfll. "LeVant". 

Dorothy. & Pearl holdini! another child 

(possibly Zeno) 

There was a young man from Medicine Lodge 
who would ride some forty miles horseback to court 

Pearl Ransom, who was living in the Birch Creek 
Valley. He was Carl August Doschades, whom Pearl 
married May 21, 1900 when she was 21 years of age. 
August and Pearl ranched together for 42 years on 
Medicine Lodge. 

Edith Pearl was born September 18, 1879, in 
Nebraska, the daughter of Oliver and Terona Stout 
Ransom, early pioneers of the Birch Creek Valley. 

August was born August 29, 1868, in Dane 
County, Wisconsin. His parents were William A. and 
Pauline Doschades; his father was born in the counU7 
bordering on the English channel, and his mother in 
Germany. She came to America as a small girl and 
grew up and was educated in Wisconsin. William A. 
Doschades came to America when a young man and 
entered a homestead in Dane County, Wisconsin, 
where he and his wife lived out their lives. 

August attended school in Dane County, and 
was about eighteen years of age when he left home 
and started for the far west. In August, 1886, he 
began work in a smelter at Eureka, Nevada, then a 
thriving and busy mining center. While in Wisconsin, 
he had been paid six dollars a month for his labor, and 
in contrast, while at Eureka, Nevada, he was paid 
three dollars a day. However, living expenses were 
correspondingly higher in the west. From Nevada, 
Mr. Doschades went on to California and saw a great 
deal of the far western country before returning to 
Wisconsin. He was not satisfied to remain in the 
Middle west, and soon came to Idaho. In 1892 the 
town of Camas had been moved to a new site and 
renamed Dubois. This was the beginning of the town 
that is now the county seat of Clark County. It was a 
sage brush town in the spring of 1893 when Mr 
Doschades arrived. At that time he Kiught the land 
where he resided, and both he and his wife exercised 
their privilege as homesteaders to acquire u-acLs ot 
Government land adjoining. In the course of forty 
years he improved his property by subsl»intial 
building, the planting of U-ees. and set a wortliy 
example as a progressive rancher and livestock man. 
He introduced the first cattle into this community, 
which previously had been used almost entirely Un 
sheep grazing. There were only four bands ot .sheep 
on the Medicine Lodge Creek when Mr. Do.schades 
arrived. For years he handled bolli sheep and cattle. 
then later concentrated his attention on cattle. He had 
480 acres in his home place and iitlier holdings m the 
same district. Of his four sons, three were active 
ranchers in the area. 

August t(H)k active part in community affairs 


representing the progress of the area. After he had 
Hved in Idaho for about ten years, he went back to 
Wisconsin, and while there became strongly impressed 
with the convenience of the rural telephone systems. 
On his return he immediately urged his neighbors to 
get together and establish a local telephone system, 
and in a few years nearly all the homes and ranches 
were interconnected for social and business 
communication. August was a member of the local 
school board for fourteen years, he served as a county 
commissioner, and for a time was connected with the 
Bank in Dubois, then The Security State Bank. He 
was a member of the Dubois Episcopal church and the 
Modern Woodmen of America. 

Their family consisted of seven children. 
Dorothy P. was born in 1904 and passed away in 1911 
and is buried in Dubois. The other children were: 
LeVant C. Doschades who lived in Dubois and was 
employed as the City Supt. for many years. He 
married Mary Rasmussen. They had two children: 
Carl L. and Gloria Doschades Davis. LeVant and 
Mary are both buried in Dubois. 

Bernell married Ben Fayle. They lived on 
their Medicine Lodge ranch, which was adjacent to the 
Doschades ranch. They were the parents of two 
children, "Bennie" and Lilah Fayle Peterson. "Bennie" 
and Lilah attended the Medicine Lodge school through 
grade school, which was within walking distance from 
their home. They then graduated from the Dubois 
high school. Lilah married Jack Peterson and they 
live in Montana. "Bennie" became affiliated with his 
dad in the ranching business on Medicine Lodge. He 
and his wife, Wanda, lived at the old Steve Green 
homesite for sometime, before the Fayle family sold 
their ranch to Jack and Marva McGarry, and moved 
to Montana. "Ben" and Bernell are both deceased and 
buried in Hamilton, Montana. 

2^no married Fern Gamer; they maintained a 
home in Dubois for sometime. She worked for a time 
as secretary in tiie Clark County Agent's office, while 
he did ranch work. They had no family. Eventually 
they moved to Walla Walla, Washington. Fern passed 
way and is buried in Walla Walla. Zeno still lives in 

James D. "Jim" moved to Walla Walla, 
Washington as a young man. He married a former 
Kilgore girl, Margaret Schaller, sister of Bessie 
Schaller Williams. "Jim" and Margaret had one 
daughter, Frances, who also lives in Washington. 
"Jim" is deceased and is buried in Walla Walla, where 
his wife is still living. 

Ruth lost her first husband, then married 
Stanely Schaller. They lived in Umatilla, Oregon, 
where he died and is buried, and Ruth still maintains 
her home. They had no family. 

It was life in rugged circumstances' when the 
Doschades children were born, some with only a mid 
wife to help Pearl. But she cherished tiiem, nurtured, 
trained, and brought them to a commendable maturity, 
except for one daughter, Dorothy, who passed away 
from a ruptured appendix. 

The oldest children remembered how once 
cattie prices were low, so their father, August, planted 
a bunch of spuds. When digging time came, there 
was no money to pay hired help. August and Pearl 
would take the children to the field and while the 
children played, they dug their own crop. 

There were no ready made pleasures for the 
teen age children; families made their own 
entertainment. This included horse back riding, skiing 
in the winter time, and dancing, sometimes through 
the night. Pearl herself was a good skier. 

Pearl will be remembered for the attractive 
home she kept, and for the flowers she loved. She 
kept her fingers busy sewing, knitting, crocheting and 
mending or making pretty things. She was a good 
neighbor, helpful in times of sickness or trouble. She 
helped to maintain the western tradition of hospitality 
and friendliness. 

Ranch homes were so scattered at this time on 
Medicine Lodge, that one rarely dared pass a 
neighbors house without stopping for a friendly visit, 
and sometimes for meals or even staying over night. 

The Doschades home was one of three 
buildings built with local manufactured brick. The 
brick was produced in the field, just due north-east of 
their home. The other buildings built from the home 
made bricks were the James Denning home and the 
first Medicine Lodge brick school on the south side of 
the creek by the Dan Thomas ranch. 

Mr. Doschades was 74 years old when he 
passed away, February 21, 1942, burial was in the 
Dubois cemetery. 

Pearl continued to live at the ranch, until she, 
too, passed away, at the age of 81, November 16, 
1960 with Interment at the Dubois cemetery. 




"Ed" & Niece. Francis Ruth 

Edward Doschades was a native, and rancher, 
of Medicine Lodge where he grew up and spent his 
entire life. 

He was born at the family home September 
14, 1913, a son of August Carl and Edith Pearl 
Ransom Doschades. 

It was here he attended the District No. 24 log 
school, located in the J.D. Ellis field on the Lower 
Lodge. Transportation to and from school was, 
either, walking through the fields or by horseback. 

"Ed" enjoyed the association of his friends as 
a member of the Masons of Fortitude Lodge #76 in 
Dubois and the Shiner Lodge. 

Ranching was his way of life. After the death 
of his father he took over the family ranch and 
assisted with the caring of his mother. His ranching 
operation continued to expand. Here he raised 
hereford cattle, hay and grain. 

"Ed" served on the Medicine Lodge Water 
District for many years. 

Winter time, as a rule, was not an easy time 
for the rancher, with the deep snow andlong, hard 
winters. The Doschades lane was usually the first 
lane drifted in on the main Medicine Lodge road. 

"Ed" eventually sold the Do.schades ranch to 
H.R. Webster. 

"Ed" and Faye Chastain became husband and 
wife May 6, 1962, in Idaho Falls. They continued to 
be involved in the ranching business, purchasing 
property on the foothills west of Medicine Lodge to 
develop tlieir ranch, as well as the Weber Creek 


They were the parents of a son Robert "Rob", 
and daughter, Debora, "Debbi". 

"Ed" served as a member of the Clark Count\' 
School Board. 

He passed away at the age of 64 following a 
short illness May 5, 1978. Burial was at the Small 

Faye continued to live on the ranch for several 
years, assisted by her son, "Rob" and wife, Wendy 
and family, who also lived at the home place. Faye 
eventually sold the ranch to Tom Eden. "Rob" and 
his family still maintain their home at the ranch site 
where "Rob" remained employed. "Rob" and Wendys 
children are: Kellie, Kristy and Robbie. 

"Debbi" graduated from the Clark County 
high school where she was excelled in the sport of 
basketball. She became the wife of Jerry Foster of 
Leadore. They live in Nevada. 



Carl. Karen. Marv. "Gus" . Aiiiu-s 

Levant Doschades was the oldest son o\ 
August Carl and Edith Pearl Diischades of Medicine 
Lodge. His family consisted of three sisters and three 
brothers: Dorothy, Ruth. Bernell. Ed. Zeno and Jim 
All the children were born at home. Levant was Kirn 
February 2.S, \'K)\. 

One of the old nicknames this family carried 
on was "The Old Dutchman " 

Their dad expected the children to shoulder 


their share of the ranch duties while at home. Levant 
spent 28 years at the ranch. 

His early schooling was at Medicine Lodge 
attending school located about 3 1/2 miles through the 
field, south, located on the J.D. Ellis ranch. 
Transportation to and from school was by walking or 
horseback. This building still stands, however, was 
relocated at the site of the last Medicine Lodge 
schoolhouse, where it is now maintained as a home. 

As Levant recalled there were a number of 
ranchers that lived near their ranch in the earlier days. 
Some of these included: 

On October 22, 1928 he was to marry Mary 

Mary was born February 25, 1910, about two 
miles south of Dubois in a small two-room log cabin 
located near the present Frederiksen ranch. She was 
the daughter of Henry and Agnes Rasmussen. She 
later moved with her family to a dry farm, 2 1/2 miles 
north of Dubois. She and her brothers and sisters 
walked to school in Dubois. 

She grew up in Dubois. For entertainment, as 
a young girl, she attended dances in the old Meeker 
Hall, and the picture shows at the Theo Theatre. She 
also attended the Dubois Episcopal Church with her 

Levant and Mary moved to Dubois where they 
purchased the home they lived in the rest of their 
lives. This home was located on Oakely Avenue, 
south of the Baptist and LDS churches. 

Eventually, Levant became employed by the 
City of Dubois as Superintendent of the Dubois Water 
and Light Department, serving in this capacity from 
1931, until he was forced to retire, just prior to his 
death in 1962, due to his illness of Parkinson's 

Both were early members of the Dubois 
Episcopal church, later he and Mary joined the 
Dubois Community Church. Mary served as a 
member and officer of the Dubois Community Ladies 
Aid for many years. 

Entertainment in the community consisted of 
many good old dances which Levant and Mary 
enjoyed attending in Dubois at the Security and 
Meeker Halls, as well as the area school house. One 
of the big dances was the election dance. 

Two children joined the family of Levant and 
Mary including: Gloria and Carl. They later adopted 
another daughter, Margaret. 

All of their children attended the Dubois 
school and were all involved in sports. 

Gloria married Gene Davis, October 2, 1953. 
Their home, as well as their business, is located in 
Twin Falls, Idaho. They raised four children: Shirley, 
Beverley, Cindy, and Mark 

"Dutch", and Gail Doschades 
Charlene Stover. Eileen Stover. Gloria Davis 

Carl married Karen Williams. They were 
later divorced. Carl and Karen were the parents of 
one son, Kevin. 

Kevin & .Tudi 

Carl "Dutch" worked for the U.S. Sheep 
Experiment Station a number of years, however, is 
now employed by the State of Idaho Highway 
Department, located in Dubois. 

"Dutch" later married Gail Snarr, and as of 
1990 they are still living in Dubois. Gail, formerly 
lived in Dubois, but grew up in the Idaho Falls area. 


She had three children who were students at the Clark 
County Schools in Dubois school for several years. 

Margaret was married in Boise to Ron 
Starkovick, whom she later divorced. She is raising 
a son, Travis. 


Levant passed away December, 1962. 

Mary then married "Gus" Ekstrom. Dubois 
continued to be their home. "Gus" was born 
September 2, 1906 at Worcester, Massachuttes. He 
came west to live with a relative as a young man. He 
died January 21, 1987 at the Salt Lake City Veteran's 
Hospital. Mary was been ill for quite sometime. She 
passed away February 14, 1988. Levant, "Gus" and 
Mary are all buried at the Dubois Cemetery. 



Fern and "Bud" 

Clark County was home for Zeno and Alta 
Fern Garner Doschades for many years. 

Zeno, "Bud", was the son of August Carl and 
Edith Pearl Ransom Doschades, born at the home of 
his parents on Medicine Lodge. 

Early school days depended on the money the 
district was allowed each year. "Bud" and his family 
managed to go to school at the Lower Medicine Lodge 
School, located in the J.D. Ellis field. The first 
Medicine Lodge school, however, was in the field on 
his dad's ranch. 

Fern, on the other hand was born on April 10, 
1912 in Hooper, Utah the daughter of John and Carrie 
M. Garner. 

She moved with her family to Indian Creek, 
then to Dubois, as a young girl. 

In April, 1940 she lost a brother, Rufus E. 
Garner, 44, who died at the Idaho Falls hospital of 
double pneumonia. He was buried at Coltman. Other 
brothers and sisters at that time included: Glen 
Garner, Leonard Garner, Mrs. Ella Sikes, Mrs. E. L. 
Thompson, Clara Garner and Fern Doschades. 

"Bud" and Fern Garner were married 
December 18, 1934 in Rexburg, Idaho. 

"Bud" worked at the home ranch on Medicine 
Lodge, as well as other ranches, farms, and as a 
government trapper. 

They purchased a home in the south part of 
town of Dubois, on Oakley Avenue, where they lived 
until they moved to Walla Walla in 1962. He also 
worked on ranches after moving to Washington. In 
Dubois they kept a pet coyote in their yard for quite 
sometime. They let him run in their yard, around 
which they built a sp)ecial high wire fence, so he could 
not escape. The coyote became quite an unique pet. 

In Dubois Fern served as secretary to the 
County Extension Office for several years. 

"Bud" was involved in ranch work most of his 
life. In Washington he worked on the Liisiiter Ranch. 

"Bud" and Fern never had any family, hut 
enjoyed their nieces and nephews. "Bud" was an eas-y 
going person, and one that usually always wore a 
plea.sant smile. 

Fern pa.ssed away in Walla Walla .Soptt-nikT 
29, 1976 and was buried in llic Blue .Mounum 
Gardens Cemetery in Walla Walla. 

"Bud" pa.ssed away suddenly at the St. Mar> 
Medical Center in Walla Walla, Washington Jul> \'\ 
IWl of an aneurysm ti> his brain. Graveside .service 
was at Blue Mountain Memorial Gardens ui Walla 


His sister, Ruth Doschades Schallar, of 
Umatilla, and sister-in-law, Margaret Doschades (wife 
of Jim) are the only surviving members of the Carl 
August Doschades family, with the exception of 
several nieces and nephews, as of 1991. 



"Joe" Douthitt accepted the duties of 
Administrative Officer at the U.S. Sheep Experiment 
Station at Dubois, Idaho, under Dr. Donald A. Price 
in the mid 1970s. "Joe" and his wife, Anne, made 
their new home in the former "Chet" Schaefer home 
on the station. 

As of 1990, he has been employed with the 
Forest Service in the Supervisors Office on the 
Wayne-Hoosier National Forest at Bedford, Indiana. 
He works as their Budget and Accounting Officer. 
The territory covers the states of Indiana and Ohio. 
The Wayne covers all of the National Forest in Ohio 
and the Hoosier covers the state of Indiana. He was 
previously employed here before moving to Idaho. 
Prior to working for the Forest Service he worked for 
the Department of Defence at the Naval Ammunition 
Depot at Crane, Indiana. 

Douthitt, graduated from Sandboum High 
School, with the class of 1962 and also attended the 
Indiana University, taking night classes. His Mother 
resides at Linton, Indiana. "Joe" also has 2 sisters 
and two brothers. 

He is a member of Indiana National Guard, 
Linton Masonic Lodge, Scottish Rite, Murat Shrine, 
and Baptist Church. 

While at Dubois he took advantage of the 
opportunity to do some fishing and hunting. They 
also attended the Baptist Church at Dubois. 

Anne, was an active member of the Clark 
County Extension Homemakers Council and the local 
Clark County Emergency Medical Technicians. 

Since leaving the Sheep Station they spent a 
few years in California, Illinois, and Michigan. They 
are now back living in Southern Indiana at Bedford. 

They are proud of their two daughters, ages 9 
and 10. 

"Joe" and Anne wished to be remembered by 
their Clark County friends and enjoy reading the 
USDA News to read about the Sheep Station quite 




Hugh Graemen Drennen was a pardner in the 
D and D Enterprises in the Birch Creek Valley, with 
Paul DeMordaunt, for 59 years, before his death in 
1979, Their first adventure as partners was in the 
movie theatre business, owning and operating several 
theatres in the Upper Snake River Valley. Before the 
birth of television, their operation flourished. These 
theatres included: one at Salmon, Nuart at filackfoot, 
Roxy at St. Anthony, the Rio, the Center, and North 
Motor View in Idaho Falls. Other personnel were 
hired to operate these added businesses. In addition 
Drennon, who lived in Rexburg, operated the two 
theatres in that city, while DeMordaunt operated the 
one in Blackfoot, where he resided. 

Drennen was born October 18, 1897, at Butte, 
Montana, the son of Cornelious Pollock and Katherine 
Isabella Siebenaler Drennen. 

He received his early education in Butte 
schools and was graduated from the University of 
Utah. He served in the Navy during WWI and was a 
captain in the Army Reserves during World War II. 

Drennen owned and operated the Rexburg 
Romance and Holiday Theatres. 

He married Alice Pierce in 1927 at Butte, 
Montana. They later divorced. In 1942 he married 
Velma Miller at Butte. She died in 1960. On March 
9, 1962, he was married to Maxine Mary Simmons 
Hill at Pocatello. 

His children include: three sons-William P. 
Drennen, Stager, IL; Robert H. Drennen, Roslyn, 
Washington, and Shane Drennen of Rexburg and one 
daughter, Donna Drennen of Yellow Spring, 
Colorado; stepsons, Ted Hill, Idaho Falls, Richard 
Hill, Richmond, Indiana, M. Scott Hill, Salt Lake 
City, Utah, and Douglas Hill, Rexburg. 

Drennen passed away in March, 1979 and is 
buried at the Annis Little Butte Cemetery. 

Paul Douglas DeMordaunt married Alice 
Snyder, August 14, 1933, at Blackfoot, Idaho. This 
marriage was solemnized in the Logan LDS Temple in 
Utah in 1954. 

She was born June 27, 1901, at Salt Lake 
City, a daughter of William Henry and Ann 
Duckworth Snyder. She spent most of her life in 



She was a teacher, and taught fourth, fifth and 
sixth grades at Thomas and Idaho Falls, and taught 
English and history at Blackfoot High School. 

She and her husband owned and operated the 
Nuart Theater in Blackfoot for many years. 

Their children included: P. Roger 

DeMordaunt of Idaho Falls and James S. DeMordaunt 
of Rexburg. They also had 12 grandchildren and 
three great-grandchildren. 

Paul died in 1982. 

Alice passed away March 21, 1991, at her 
home in Blackfoot. 

Burial for the couple was in the Grove City 
Cemetery in Blackfoot. 

Hugh Drennen and Paul MeMordaunt attended 
the School of Mines in Butte, Montana, together. As 
young men they became partners owning and 
operating movie theatres. 

Their next business venture was ranching, 
purchasing ranch property in the Birch Creek Valley. 
The ranch was called D and D Enterprises, then 
eventually became Incorported. 

As of 1991 the ranch holdings are owned by 
D and D Enterprises, Inc. with ownership by P. Roger 
and James S. DeMordaunt, sons of Paul and Alice. 


Steve Phillips has been employed as manager 
of this ranch since 1956, when he, along with his 
wife, Marge, went to work up on the upper ranch, in 
the Birch Creek Valley. 

Steve and his family moved to the lower 
ranch, in 1958, where they still reside. 

They were married December 29, 1943 at 
SanJose, California. 

Marge was teaching school at a rural school. 
Lower Presto, out of Firth, when she met Steve. 

Steve was born at Shelley, February 28, 1920, 
the son of Frank and Clarice Phillips. Marge was 
born July 24, 1920, at Delamere, North Dakota, the 
daughter of Earl and Irene Johnson. She moved to 
Filer, Idaho with her family, when about six years 

The Phillips children include: John, 

Stephanie, William "Bill", George, and Marsha. The 
children r(xle the Birch Creek sch(K)l bus, attending 
sch(X)l at Dubois, where they all graduated. 

Marjorie Phillips and children have been 
active in the Dubois Community Baptist Church, 

where Marge has also been involved with the Ladies 
Aid church organization. While their children were in 
school, they also supported the schools PTA. 

John Phillips, their oldest son, married Kathy 
Williams of Hamer. They also work at the Double D, 
living on the lower ranch. Their children: Lisa, 
Andy, Alice, Jill and Kelly attend the Dubois school. 
Lisa and Andy have since graduated. The Birch 
Creek school bus provides their transportation to 
school. The children have been very involved with 
the 4-H program, assisted by their parents. 

Lisa married Darin Lee Peterson, August 8, 
1991 in Boise, Idaho. 

The lower ranch property was formerly the 
well known Reno ranch. The late Earl Wright 
purchased the Reno property, then in turn sold to the 
King Brothers. Ownership then became the D and D 
Enterprises, who purchased the former property of 
Torry Reno, and part of the Jerome F. Reno, as well 
as the Minnie and Jennie C. Reno properties, while 
the adjoining Ben Wilding ranch property includes part 
of Jermone F. and Frank Reno ranches. 

The upper ranch property dates back to the 
early homestead of Carlin; it was purchased by Guy 
Shear, an uncle of Harriet Shenton and the late 
Marion Sullivan. The Shear ranch (the ranch was 
referred to as the "Mud Flat" ranch) was next 
purchased by the Breazeales. Other adjoining 
properties included the ranches of: "Billy" and Jenny 
Fayle, "Ben" Williams and "Bill" Wilmot. Earl 
Wright put these ranches together, thus they became 
known as the Earl Wright ranch. Sometime later 
Drennen and DeMordaunt bought out Earl Wright, 
and this same land is now the upper ranch of D and D 
Enterprises, Inc. 

Steve & 

In Uic upixT Birch Creek area are two creek.s. 

aie Shears Creek and Carlin Creek, mimed for aie 

early settlers. 


MAKioKu: run I n*s 



Alma & Edward 

Edward Drown was born April 17, 1883, in 
Nebraska. He was the youngest of a family of 5 girls 
and 3 boys. His parents were George W. Drown and 
Elizabeth Thompson. His mother previously had a 
son by another marriage. 

When Edward was one year old his parents 
moved west and took squatters rights near where the 
Heise Hot Springs are now and lived there for a few 
years. They then moved to Montana and homesteaded 
a ranch between Lima and Dell on the Red Rock 
River in the Red Rock Valley. Here his sisters all 
married and Edward took for a wife Alma May 
Seybold, a daughter of John Vinson Seybold and 
Margaret Elizabeth Huff Seybold. Her twin, a boy, 
died two weeks after birth. She was bom February 1, 
1882. She was born and raised in Glendale, Montana. 
She had two older brothers and one older sister. 

Edward later bought the ranch from his 
mother there in the Red Rock Valley and there his 
first seven children were born. In the spring of 1909 
he sold the ranch and went to Idaho and took up a 
homestead consisting of about 160 acres about 2 1/2 
miles up the Medicine Lodge Canyon in Clark 

"Ed" bought a house from the cattle 
association that was on Deep Creek and tore it down 
and moved it 8-10 miles down onto the homestead on 
Medicine Lodge. They had to get the house up so 
they would have somewhere to live by fall. Edward, 

Alma and family lived here through 1915. 

Edward and Alma's children are Edward Ray, 
born May 10, 1901, Marcus Wesley, born November 
20, 1902, Herbert William, born December 7, 1903, 
Bert Oliver, born May 3, 1905, Gertrude Elizabeth 
May, born July 3, 1906, Edward Francis, born 
October 10, 1907, Calvin Vinson, born March 14, 
1909. All of the above were born at Lima, Montana, 
Then at Medicine Lodge Annie Hazel was born June 
14, 1910, Samuel Russel, born December 4, 1911 and 
Roscoe Harold, born February 5, 1913. Herbert 
William and Annie Hazel died in infancy. 

Wesley. Rav 

Frances. Calvin. Gertrude/Roscoe 

Russel. Bert. Alma. Edward 

Edward and wife. Alma, then took up a desert 
claim on Indian Creek in the same county. He sold 
the ranch on Medicine Lodge and moved everything to 
the ranch on Indian Creek. They built a bigger and 
better house and the old house was used as a bunk 
house. Alma was a hard working woman and helped 
with the work on the ranch along side of her husband. 
They raised cattle and sheep and Edward broke a lot 
of horses for other people both for riding and for 
work. In those days everyone ran their cattle on the 
range together. Everyone then went together at round 
up time and gathered them up. They were rounding up 
cattle on the Denning and Clark ranch when Ed was 

There was a livestock company consisting of 
"Jimmie" Denning, S.K. Clark and "Bob" Chastain. 
They had a band of sheep grazing near the state lines 
near Monida, Montana with a Basque herder. "Bob" 
Bogus was the camp tender. A number of the sheep 


came up missing, so Denning notified Omaha, 
Nebraska and found that 500 sheep with a Whiskey 
Flask brand had come in from Idaho and they didn't 
have a record of anyone with that brand. Denning 
jumped "Bob" Bogus about taking the sheep and 
Bogus having confided in "Ed" Drown what he was 
planning went gunning for Edward Drown. He caught 
a ride with Perry Robison to where they were cutting 
cattie and crawled through the fence where they were 
working. He grabbed the bridle of the horse "Ed" 
Drown was on. It was an outiaw horse "Ed" was 
breaking and it started rearing and pitching. Bogus 
fired 4 shots at "Ed." He had a 32 Ivory Johnson six 
shooter. "Ed" reached for a 38 and shot Bogus 
through the left arm and through the body. "Ed" rode 
about 100 yards and fell from his horse. The fifth 
bullet from Bogus had entered the left side of "Ed's" 
head. Bogus was taken to Idaho Falls to the hospital, 
where he died hours later. But before his death he 
learned that he had killed an innocent man. "Ed" 
Drown hadn't told Denning a thing. This incident 
took place on the 17th or 18th of October, 1917. 

Edward Drown left his wife, Alma, and 8 
children ranging from the ages of 4 to 16. He is 
buried at the Small Cemetery. 

The oldest son, Ray, worked for Denning and 
Clark Company for some years helping with the 
family finances and rearing the children. 

It has been said that Alma drove a beautiful 
well groomed team and could handle them better than 
a lot of men. In 1921, she married Lx)uis Clausen 
Anderson who lived on a ranch near the home ranch. 
She had two children by this marriage. A littie girl 
who died shortiy after birth and a son Louis N. 
Anderson. After her marriage to Anderson, Alma and 
family sold the ranch and moved to Terreton, Idaho. 
She was an artist and drew and painted some real 
good realistic old western pictures in her day. She 
passed away at her home in Terreton on July 10, 1957 
and was buried at Dubois, Idaho. A son, Wesley 
passed away from Mustard gas poisoning in World 
War I on April 14, 1925. He is buried beside his 
father at the Small Cemetery. A daughter, Annie, is 
buried on the fence line on the Medicine Lodge Ranch 
and the youngest son, Roscoe, died at Kalispell, 
Montana on April 9, 1977. 




f"VA'"m-' ""''''^''// "iJ"" '""'"■' '"^^///f'^> ''>y^//" 'o '^ 

Edward Ray & Harriet Eva Family 

I, Edward Ray Drown, was the first of 10 
children born to Edward Drown and Alama May 
(Seybold) on May 10, 1901. We lived on a ranch on 
Red Rock River, in the Red Rock Valley between Deli 
and Lima, Montana. We lived in a cabin with a sod 
roof; there was straw on the roof to hold the dirt. 
The stove pipe went through the roof. One time when 
Mom and Dad were up in the field and 1 was there 
with the other littie kids, I was only five or six, the 
straw roof caught fire. I got a bucket of water and a 
cup and a high chair and put the fire out. My parents 
thought tiiat was something special, they would tell 
everyone who came what I had done. 

One time I went to Dell with my Dad and 
Uncle Gill Mcninch. We went horseback and 1 rcxie 
a Shetiand pony. A man by the name of Clay 
Patterson ran the store, sakxin and hotel, in Dell. He 
had a bar tender by the name of Billie Rosenbauni 
When we walked up to the enu-ance of the place we 
could tell there was a ruckus inside. There were a 
bunch of Mexicans in^side. The stove had been 
knocked over and the hot water reservoir had spilled 
all over the floor and two or three Mexicans were on 
the flcx)r in the mess. "Billie" Rosenbaum was taking 
care of the Mexicans as fast as he could, llncle Gill 
said to my Dad, ">\)u better hold tlie kid back." as he 
pulled his guns and stepped inside, and said. "Sund 

back you " and fired (uer tlieir heads. The 

Mexicaas left the place and started runnmi: up ilie 
railroad u-acks. You could hear the lead hitun^: iliose 
railroad irons "whing". They were really guing One 
time when still in Montanii. Dad and I were up \o 


Uncle Cecils and Aunt Daiseys. He was having 
trouble with the neighbor who kept turning Uncle 
Cecils head of water onto his place, so they decided 
they would catch him at it and put a stop to that. 
They set the water and soon here came the neighbor 
to take it. He saw us and knew he was in trouble. 
He started firing at us, and bullets were going whing 
all around us and had broken several spokes out of the 
wheels of the wagon. Uncle Cecil would say "Down 
Daisy". Aunt Daisy, Cecil McNinch and Uncle John 
and Dad and I were there and Cecil was the only one 
with a gun. Uncle John said "Cecil let me use your 
gun," and he said "OK", but pay the cartridges back. 
It only took a couple of shots and scared that guy from 
stealing water. These two incidents left quite an 
impression on my mind. 

We lived in Montana until the spring of 1909, 
when my folks sold the ranch and moved, with our 
family of seven children, and took up a homestead 
about two miles up Medicine Lodge Canyon in Clark 
County, which was at that time a part of Fremont 
County. I drove 15 to 20 head of cattle and 7 or 8 
horses from Lima to Medicine Lodge and I was just a 
kid of eight. We moved with two wagons hooked 
together, pulled by four head of horses. 

There Dad bought a log house that was on 
Deep Creek and moved it down eight or ten miles to 
the homestead on Medicine Lodge. We were able to 
move into our new home before winter. We lived 
here for about 6 years, then took up a desert claim on 
Indian Creek near here. We tore the house down and 
built it again there on Indian Creek. Later we used 
this little log cabin for a bunk house and built a little 
bigger and better house. 

I can remember going with my Dad to get 
logs to build the house on Indian Creek. We slept in 
a tent and I think that was the coldest night I ever 
spent. Dad would keep waking and asking me if I 
was all right. When we started home with the logs, 
the snow got deep and it was too much for the team to 
do in the deep snow, so we would roll some logs off 
to make the load lighter for the team. When we got 
home we didn't have many logs left. 

When we lived on Indian Creek, Chief White 
Bear, from Blackfoot, and a lot of his tribe used to 
come there. One time when we were just kids a squaw 
with two papoose knocked on the door and asked for 
flour. We were alone and scared. Every year the 
Indians would come up there. I can remember playing 
with some of the little kids when just a kid. The 
Indians would lay on the rocks along towards evening. 

You couldn't even see them and when the antelope 
would come down to water they would get one every 
time with just one shot. Lots of time the Indians 
camped at the lower end of our field. 

On the 4th of July everyone from around 
would come to a place on Indian Creek and there 
would be a big celebration with a big dinner, races 
and home made ice cream. 

In October of 1917, my father was shot and 
killed while I was in the hills on Deep Creek rounding 
up cattle. This left me with the responsibility of 
helping my Mother raise and provide for the family of 
8 children. I went to work for the Denning and Clark 
Co. and worked for them for a few years, helping 
with the family finances. At Christmas time Mother 
told me there wouldn't be any presents for the family. 
We would have chicken and a dinner but no presents 
On Christmas Day, Small's brought a package out that 
our Uncle Charlie had sent. It was a welcome box 
with clothes for all the kids also with candy and nuts. 
It made Christmas a lot better. 

One year I worked on the New York Canal 
between Lima and Dell, Montana. This is where I 
drove my first Caterpillar. That fall I went to work in 
a garage at Dell, Montana, for Uncle Charlie Seybold 
as a mechanic. Uncle Charlie sold the garage and I 
went to work for Uncle John married the next fall to 
Louis Anderson. She had two children by that 

I just got a job running a steam dragline at 
Lidy Hot Springs and developed the Springs that they 
use there. I was working for Robert Lidy. We 
increased the spring so they could get more water. 
Robert Lidy had a ranch on Crooked Creek. I rented 
that farm and ran it for 1 year. I had to have a 
tractor, so I bought one from Denning and Clark. It 
was a Case tractor with a cross engine and steel 
wheels. For a while a guy by the name of Harold 
Wright helped me, but he left and I farmed alone. 

One Fourth of July a fellow I met in Idaho 
Falls, Barney Olefield, flew an Eagle Rock plane out 
to Lidy's, and spent all day giving people rides in it. 
He used the road for a runway and hired me to help 
him put on a show. I sat in the back cockpit and as 
he flew over the crowd I'd swing my feet out and yell 
as if I were going to fall. He paid me $25.00 for my 
part, I then worked for Dad Clay's garage in Idaho 
Falls, and then for the Yellowstone Park, riding the 
Wyoming-Idaho line. Next I got a job in Rexburg 
working for Clyde Cottle. He sold Essex and 
Oldsmobile cars. While there, I met Harriet Eva 


(Stacey). I went with her that winter and married her 
May 19, 1930. We were married by her dad, Edwin 
Worrall Stacey, in her sister, Charlotte Rice"s home 
in Rexburg. Eva's father was a Justice of the Peace. 

From there we moved to Idaho Falls and I 
worked at the Blair Motor Co. for Park Blair. Nola 
Rae, our first child, was born on April 7, 1931. We 
lived in an apartment over top of the 1st Street 
Grocery Store where she was born. When the 
depression hit I had no job, so we moved to Dad 
Stacey 's home in Archer. I set up shop across from 
the Frank Burns Store and went back and forth each 
day on skis. It was cold and the snow was deep. You 
could ski across the top of the fences. One could hear 
people talk for two miles away. We hauled wood 
from down on the Snake River and Cottonwood from 
the Jim Stacey place. 

We then moved to Thornton and lived in the 
back of a little garage. That winter it got colder than 
50 below zero. I went to Mary Marlors store and she 
said all of her thermometers had broken from the 
cold. You could hear the cottonwood trees pop from 
the severe cold. Our second child, Eva Lee, was born 
here on January 18, 1933. That was the winter 
Franklin Roosevelt was elected president. 

In the fall of 1934 we decided to move to 
Adrian, Oregon, where Sue and Bill Ashcraft, Eva's 
sister and brother in law, lived. I had a Chevrolet car 
with a bad engine and a Star 6 car. I worked over the 
Star 6 engine and put it in the Chevrolet and that was 
what we came to Oregon in. We pulled a four wheel 

I ran a little garage on the north end of town 
and lived in the little house north across the street. 
JoAnn, our third daughter was born at Adrian only a 
few months after we came to Oregon, on February 15, 
1935. While we were living at Adrian we had two 
more daughters, Jeanine Pamela, born September 8, 
1939, and Sharon Kay, born October 21, 1944. They 
were both born in Nyssa, Oregon. 

I bought a piece of ground on the south end of 
town and had a garage built there and Eva bought a 
piece of ground for taxes about 3 blocks east of Main 
Street and we made our home there. 

In November of 1938, the Sugar Company 
called and wanted me to go to the Overstreet Beet 
Dump to weld the straps on the bottom of a gib 
gasoline beet shovel. I welded one strap and started to 
get up to go weld the other one when the operator 
went into the shovel for something and hit the brake 
and dropped it on me. It crushed the ankle of one leg 

and nearly cut the other one off except for one artery. 
I laid for 97 days in the hospital in Ontario on my 
back as the result of the accident. From there 1 was 
moved to a nursing home in Nyssa and from there 
home to Adrian. The State Labor Board paid for the 
hospital and doctor, and gave me $2000.00. 

When the Second World War broke out, I 
went to work for the Bureau of Reclamation in Nyssa. 
Later we sold our home in Adrian and bought a home 
on Alberta Ave. near Nyssa. 

I worked for the Reclamation until they moved 
to Washington, then I quit and worked for the Ford 
Garage in Nyssa for a while. In 1948 and 1949 we 
went to Madras, Oregon, to level land there with 
Joseph Stacey. While we were there I bought out my 
brother-in-law and moved back to Nyssa. 

On October 27, 1950 our 6th and youngest 
daughter. Dawn Yvette, was born at Nyssa, in the 
new hospital there. 

In the late 1940's I had my left leg 
straightened, but it wasn't a very good job. 1 got skin 
cancer in my right leg, and had a serious infection in 
the bone, so a Dr. Helpenstell amputated my right leg 
just below the knee. On August 1, 1973, I fell off a 
stool trying to get an air conditioner out of a window, 
and the air conditioner fell on my left leg causing a 
compound fracture. I was taken to Nampa to Dr. 
Helpenstell and he fixed my leg, straightening it, and 
it is a lot better, straighter leg now than 1 have had for 

I retired from leveling land in about 1975 but 
I still have a small tractor that I use in the hills as I 
have enjoyed working and prospecting in the Owyhee 

In the spring of 1971, My wife and 1 were 
called on a mission for the church to the Florida 
Mission. We labored there for 18 months. We were in 
Thomasville, Georgia, and TTiomaston, Alabama. It 
was a very special time for us and we really enjoyed 
the mission and have many gmxl memories of that 

In 1973, My wife, sister-in-law. Sue A.shcraft. 
and I, tcx)k a Hill Camorah Pageant Tour and .^w the 
Church History places. We started tVcnii Salt Uike 
City and went by bus. We visited tlie in 
Washington D. C. and a lot of otlier memorable 


My wife and I reside in Nys.*w» in the home we 
origin;illy N)ught here. All o\' our daughters married 
and all have children. 

F^lward pas.sed away March I.*^. !<^88. .it the 


home of his daughter in Sunnydale at the age of 86. 
He was buried in Nyssa, Oregon cemetery. 



Senator Fred Dubois 

Dubois, was called "Mr. Idaho" by President 
Theodore Roosevelt. He was born in Crawford City, 
Illinois, May 29, 1851. In 1872 he graduated from 
Yale, and later moved to Blackfoot, Idaho where he 
entered business in 1880. He was an active Masonic 
Lodge member. He was also a newspaper man and 
former educator. 

From 1882-86 Dubois served as a United 
States Marshall in the Southern Idaho area. As a 
territorial delegate from Idaho he served in the 50th 
and 51st Congresses, and was elected to the U.S. 
Senate for a term, 1891-1897. He was elected for a 
second Senate term in 1901. During his political 
career Dubois was a leader in three political parties. 
At various times he was active in the Republican and 
Democrat parties, and he was an instrumental figure 
in the formation of the Silver Party in Idaho. He lost 
his Senate seat in 1907 to William Borah. 

However, it was Fred T. Dubois who worked 
tirelessly to get Idaho admitted to statehood. He had 
argued vigorously and effectively against proposals to 
annex north Idaho to Washington and south Idaho to 
Nevada. Then he waited nervously to see if the 
Senate approved the statehood bill. 

It was President Benjamin Harrison, who 
signed the admission bill the afternoon of July 3rd. 
He then presented the pen and penholder to Dubois in 
commemoration for his efforts. Idaho's star, number 
43, was added to the constellation of stars on the 
United States flag July 4, 1890. 

Dubois was the target of Mormon leaders, 
because he was the organizer of the Edmunds Anti- 
Pologamy Act. A number of arrests succeeded in 
having polygamous Mormons convicted while he was 
in office. Dubois said, "He felt it was his duty to 
solve the polygamy problem. Although he often said 
his personal relations with the Mormons were at all 
times friendly, and many Mormons were among his 
real good and true friends, his controvercy was only 
with the organization." 

It was through the influence of William 
Fyke the town of Dubois was named for this man, 
Fred T. Dubois. However, due to the Senator's 
political actions towards the Morman organization, 
the local LDS Church members choose another 
name for their church when it was established, thus 
it acquired the name of Beaver Creek, named for 
the creek that flows through its town. This creek 
was first called Dry Creek, which was apparently 
where the town obtained its first name, until it was 
renamed Dubois. 

Mr. Dubois wed Miss Edna Whited, a native 
of Illinois, and daughter of William and Mary 
Maxfield Whited, January 11, 1899. Two children 
were born at Blackfoot to Senator and wife, Elizabeth, 
(Mrs. Cannon—In Washington was an assistant to a 
number of legislators) born March 17, 1900, and 
Margaret, (Mrs. Oliver—Columbia University graduate 
and writer) born December 23, 1902. 

The family plott is located at the Grove City 
Cemetery at Blackfoot, Idaho. Senator Dubois passed 
away in 1930. 



Harry Dunn. Rachel Close 


Harry Dunn, Sr. came to the United States in 
1889, becoming a citizen in 1905. He pioneered into 
the Beaver Canyon and Spencer areas with the Wood 
Live Stock Company. 

Harry, Sr., was born on September 17, 1871 
at Workingham, England. 

Helga Alexander was born April 4, 1882 in 
Stockholm, Sweden. 

She had come with her mother and sisters to 
Salt Lake City in 1891. She worked as a gardener, 
nurse and chef. She accepted a job with the H. 
C. Wood family in Spencer in 1905 and soon became 
acquainted with Harry Dunn, Sr. 

Harry first came to this area back in 1896, as 
a livestock foreman for Wood Live Stock Company. 
He was hired by J.D. Wood to be in charge of trailing 
their sheep to Idaho from Pendleton, Oregon. These 
sheep were trailed to a point near Grandview, Idaho 
where they were forced to swim the Snake River, 
entering Idaho at that point. Then they were worked 
across the state to winter on the open range near 
Goldberg, Idaho in the Pahsimeroi Valley. Mr. Dunn 
made a living in this profession with this company 
until 1934. 

Spencer became the shipping point for Wood 
Live Stock Company. Special train loads of lambs 
were shipped from Spencer, as well as wool by the 
railroad cars. 

In 1907 Harry married Helga Alexander. 
Their first home was in Spencer, now owned by "Jim" 
and Mary Wilson. 

They became the parents of four sons, Harry 
Jr., Frank, Osborne and Walker. 

Dorothy Finlayson. Osborne Dunn 

Harry Jr. spent his life in Clark County, 
retiring from the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station in 
1974. Frank roamed a good share of the west and 
later retired from the Union Pacific Railroad as a 
signal supervisor in 1974; Osborne, followed 
construction and longshoring, and later acquired the 
Harry Dunn, Sr., property in Bandon, Oregon, where 
he operated a modern trailer park; Walker, the only 
one who completed his schooling in Bandon, moved to 
Phoenix, Arizona, where he worked in the real estate 
and insurance business. 

Harry worked for the good of the country, 
state and nation in political matters, and for the gocxl 
of the old Independent SchcxDl District #3. He also 
believed that improvements should be paid for as they 
went along. 

On March 11, 1916, the Independent School 
District #3 was organized, with the first trustees 
appointed by County Commissioners of Fremont 
County. Harry, Sr. was elected to the Board in 1917. 

The first bid to erect the gymnasium in 
Spencer for some $8,700.00 was tabled in 1923. 
Then it was completed in 1924 at the cost of some 
$7,500.00. School affairs were run in those days with 
men like Peter Lawson, Charles Hardy, Leo Johnson, 
Foster Steele and others staying on the board for the 
good of the students of the district. 

It was back in the days of Fremont Countv' 
and World War I, that Dunn was given a plaque, and 
the town of Spencer displayed the banners for the 
village having the highest sale of war bonds per capita 
in the State. 

Following the big years of the mid 20s when 
the sheep count reached approximately 90.000 at 
shearing time, depression caught up with them. The 
government's subsidizing program was not in effect. 
People were forced to kxik for neu homes and 
livelihcKxl, as the banks tcx)k over. 

The WcMxl Live Stock Company became 
known as the Idaho Land and Live Stock Company. 
Final liquidation began in 1934. The Dunns moved to 
Bandon, Oregon where they purchased a piece of land 
and eventually developed a motel business. 




Harrv at Spencer 

Harry Jr. grew up in the livestock business, 
staying mainly in the Spencer area. He spent his 
childhood between Spencer in the summer and the 
Pine Ranch near Goldberg, Idaho in the winter. 

Young Harry attended school at May, and 
Spencer, Idaho. The Spencer School was known as 
Independent School District #3. In about 1917 the 
school years became a part of his life. Teachers that 
Harry remembers in Spencer were Mrs. May Woodie, 
she later married Dan LeVan, Miss Helen Randell and 
Mary Ruth Judy. He also went to Idaho Falls to 
school for two years. He was among the first 
graduating class at Spencer in 1927. 

As a small boy Harry Jr. had the Salt Lake 
Tribune delivery, often selling up to 50 copies during 
the spring and summer. He also took care of the mail 
teams for Claude Devaney, who had the route to 
Kilgore. He handled the freight from the railroad 
depot to Harwood and Lawsons Stores in Spencer as 
he became older. 

Heating the home was by wood and coal 
stoves. Water, telephones and bathrooms were put in 
the homes about 1916, when the Wood Live Stock 
Commission did a lot for the people of the town. 

The family always enjoyed the HK Ranch, 
Rodeos, Horse Races, fishing, and shooting sage 
chickens on the wing with a 22 rifle. 

Hardships recalled were the Depression years 
of the late 20s and early 30s, and the big fire in 
Spencer that burned the Lodge and Bar and took the 
life of Mrs. Jennie Mae Reynolds. 

It was in Spencer where he became acquainted 
with the McFarland family in 1927 and started dating 
their daughter, Helen. 

Harry A. Dunn, Jr. was born in Salt Lake 
City, March 13, 1908, the first of four sons to Harry 
and Helga Alexander Dunn. 

Helen M. McFarland was born July 16, 1909 
the daughter of Parley and Estella Howell McFarland 
at Ogden, Utah. Her brothers and sisters were: 
Afton, Stella, Harry, Dorothy and Fred. A younger 
sister, Faye, died as a young girl at Spencer of 

Harry and Helen were married in October 18, 
1930, in Idaho Falls. 

Harry's brother, Frank, also married Afton 
McFarland, one of Helen's sisters. They lived in 

Harry and Helen first lived in Spencer, then 
lived at the Sheep Station, from 1951-1974. 

To this union one son. Jack W., was born 
August 25, 1943. He attended Spencer and Dubois 
schools. Jack was active in school activities. 

Jack is now married and has his own family, 
living in Boise. 

Harry and Helen were active in community 
services. Harry was a member of the Clark County 
School Board for eight years. At the Sheep Station 
they were in charge of the Mess Club, where visitors 
would stay overnight and eat at their home. They also 
took charge of meals such as sale day, field days, 
special tours, and many others. They were active in 
the Masonic and Eastern Star Lodges in Dubois. He 
is a paid up life member of his Blue Masonic Lodge, 
and Fortitude #76 of Dubois. Also a prepaid Life 
Member of the Scottish Rite in Pocatello. He is a 
member of El Korah Shiners Temple in Boise, and a 
member of The Upper Snake River Valley Shriner 
Club. They were active in the American Legion and 
Legion Auxiliary. Helen served as Poppy Chairman 
for a number of years. Harry is a paid up life 
member of the Legion Post #28, which he joined in 
1946, on his return from the service. He is a working 
member of Bonneville Legion Post #56. Harry always 
enjoyed the basketball games at Spencer and Dubois, 
working as time keeper for all home games for years. 
He is a past president of National Federal Retire's 
Chapter #763 of Idaho Falls. Helen was a charter 
member of the Clark County Extension Demonstration 
Council and also worked with the American Cancer 
Society, as well as with PTA and other school 
functions. She was a past president of the Dubois 


American Legion Auxiliary, and held most of the 
offices in the Bright Star Chapter of the Order of 
Eastern Star, Dubois Chapter. 

Harry retired from Government Service at the 
U.S. Sheep Experiment Station after 25 years service, 
in 1974, after which he and his wife moved to Idaho 

Helen passed away May 25, 1986 and is 
buried in the Dubois Cemetery. 

Harry still maintains his home in Idaho Falls. 
Here he stays active in the Eastern Star, Masonic 
Lodge and Shriner organizations. (Harry died Oct 12, 
1992 at the Boise Veterans Hospital, and was buried 
at the Dubois cemetery with his wife, Helen.) 



LaVern was a young school teacher in 
Spencer when she was but twenty years old, the year 
of 1914-1915. 

She was the daughter of George Richard and 
Hattie Jane Dunnmire, born in the year of 1894 in 
Idaho Falls. 

She married Harold A. Linstrom of 
Lewisville. TTiey raised five sons. 

In 1935 she passed away while still living in 
Lewisville, Idaho. 



Miss Ruth Dunn had a homestead north of 
Dubois where she lived some twenty years. She 
seemed to be quite active in her work until just before 
she was stricken with a heart ailment. 

At the time of her death, she was at the home 
of Mrs. John N. Hoopes. She was 75 years of age. 

Ruth was survived by one sister, Fannie 
Quaine, of Bismark, North Dakota. 

Her body was taken to the W(kx1s Funeral 
home in Idaho Falls. It is not known where she was 



Peter Funk 

Mennonites coming from Russia in the latter 
part of the 19th century settled in the midwest sections 
of the United States of America reaching from 
Minnesota to Oklahoma. Most of these people were 
farmers. It did not take long in this type of settlement 
to have more farmers in a given communitv than 
adequate available land for all the children. In the 
early 1900s various leaders in Mennonite communities 
were scouting around for new land developmenLs. 
Some went to new areas in Kansas, but still others 
sought out different states, such as Oklahoma, 
California, and Idaho. 

In 1913-15 a sizeable number of families came 
to central Idaho and settled in the area near DuKiis. 
Naturally, before people settled in these new areas, 
scouts or representatives had gone out to investigate. 
The people of Kansas liked the Idaho invitation, some 
even pictured this sage brush land as another paradise. 
The land was level and available for homesteading in 
160 acre or 320 acre lots according to the U.S. 
Homestead Act of 1862. It was required that they 
register or make a file on the land, break up a ceruin 
acreage and live on it three years, atter \Nhich llie 
person could claim ownership. Apparently, the smiles 
pitch which finalized tlie trek west had d\so included 
a cherished hope or promise that irrigation \sater 
might become available. According \o some repi)rts. 
there were those who came expecting to dry farm, 
while otliers came witli hopes o( eventual irrigation 
Si)me preliminary drawings and survcss indicated tiiai 
tlie Ik-aver Creek which ran through nul>>is, had a 


run-off in spring which lasted until July. Some 
expected that a reservoir would come in above 
Spencer, located on the Montana-Idaho boundary line 
and the survey showed that it was feasible, although 
present knowledge hardly thinks so. 

Peter Funk, who is now residing at Aberdeen, 
Idaho and still owns 160 acres there, stated in an 
interview that some land had even been plotted for 
irrigation. But the government withdrew the land 
from the Gary Act, which meant land set aside for 
irrigation and put it under the Homestead Act under 
which one could file only once and had nothing to do 
with irrigation. 

Perhaps the real driving force in back of 
resettlement and obtaining this free land was the desire 
to have enough land to continue farming as a means of 
obtaining a livelihood and the opportunity to bring up 
a young family in the accustomed Mennonite 

During the seven years of resettlement, there 
were 51 couples or families that lived in the area, 
which does not count the 13 single people, and the 
total Mennonite population, including all the people 
that had lived there at one time or another, grew to 

The very first Mennonites to come to the area 
came from Aberdeen, Idaho in 1913. They were 
Cornie Tiahrt, who later married Anna Wiebe, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Peter F. Funk (Maria Wiebe). Mr. 
Funk never lived there permanently, but came for 
weekends or other periods of time when they grubbed 
out sage brush in preparing the seedbed for wheat. 
That same year Henry and Anna Franzen and 
Corenelius Flaming from the Alexanderwohl 
Mennonite Church near Goessel, Kansas came to live 
there. From there on out others came from Buhler, 
Burrton, Hillsboro, and the Newton, Kansas areas and 
also from Oklahoma and Aberdeen, Idaho. 

To pull up stakes and move across country 
was about as traumatic as moving to a different 
continent 50 years later. There were the farewell 
parties and separations of family ties. Most of them 
shipped there goods by rail, using immigrant cars or 
box cars, which offered special rates. This included 
horses, cows, chickens, buggies, machinery, 
household goods, et cetera. The household goods and 
machinery were stored at each end of the box car, 
while the cows and horses were nearer the doors. 
One or several persons stayed in this car to watch the 
livestock and be prepared to feed them at division 

A few made sale before they moved. Some 
who owned cars by then took the trip by automobile, 
while their belongings were shipped. Henry Lehrman, 
who now with his wife, Theresa, lives in Aberdeen, 
estimated that his rail freight had come to about 

The place for embarking was at Dubois or a 
place south of Dubois known as Jones Place. This 
latter point served as a stopping place and persons 
could flag down the passenger trains. This was 
advantageous particularly to those who lived in the 
immediate area. 

When the Peter J. Isaak family came, the 
Mennonites took up several railroad cars. However, 
some of these went to Minadoka, Idaho. In this 
particular group were also two carpenters, who came 
along as professional help. These two men were 
assigned a passenger car in which there were only 
women and children. Other men apparently were 
situated in the livestock cars. These two carpenters 
acted as the leaders of the car and kept the children 
from scattering at the various stops. 

The Isaaks had secured a tent along the way, 
either at Pocatello or Idaho Falls. When they arrived 
at Dubois they pitched a tent amid the sage brush at 
the location of their new-found land. The barn was 
built first. Then the family moved into the upstairs of 
the barn until the house was built. 


These early pioneer settlers came with hopes 
and aspirations of securing land for homesteading, a 
place to build a home and barn, clear the land of sage 
brush, and to establish good family life. 

One of the first projects involved clearing of 
the land, planting of wheat and oats to obtain cash to 
buy necessities and to get settled. Major field crops 
were wheat and oats - wheat to obtain cash and oats to 
feed livestock. Fortunately, most everyone was in the 
same situation, since all were new settlers. This 
possibly gave them mutual comfort, encouragement, 
and counsel. 

Of course, one of the first assignments was 
grubbing sage brush for newcomers, and was 
accomplished by using a rail, such as is used for a 
railway track, which was pulled across the fields with 
a team of horses hitched a either end of the rail. 
Later on another method was developed by using a 
pronged bar, somewhat similar to the cycle bar on the 
binder. This too was pulled by horses and tended to 
uproot the brush better. Peter Funk, also mentioned 


that he and Cornie Tiahrt had used a "Twin Falls 
Grubber", a "V" shaped machine on wheels which 
worked similar to a plow. 

Sage was piled up by hand and also with a 
home-made tumble rake. The sage was used as fuel 
in the homes, excess sage was burned in the fields. 
Other fuel used in the homes was coal, found dropped 
along the railroad tracks, which would be carried 
home in buckets. 

With our modern concepts of employment, it 
becomes almost unbelievable as to how these 
tempered, determined Mennonites could have enough 
income for adequate living. Apparently, a number 
had extra money available that could be used is 
needed. It didn't take long for the young people to get 
jobs outside the home. 

A few girls went to work in the Mennonite 
Hospital located at American Falls. Margaret Isaak, 
Barbara Loewen, and Selma Friesen took up training 
at the hospital, which also involved employment. 
Mary Isaak was employed in the kitchen at the 
hospital. A few of the other girls would get 
occasional jobs in Mennonite homes and also non- 
Mennonite homes such as the Ed Lairds. Katherine 
Koop worked in the Reynolds Hotel. 

The farmers would of course help each other, 
but some of them could earn considerable money at 
harvest time in the Medicine Lodge community about 
15 miles from Dubois. There the farmers used some 
ditch water to grow more abundant crops. The Laird 
Brothers of Dubois have been mentioned as ones who 
hired Mennonite boys to put up hay. B.C. Dyck was 
known to have trained horses for the Lairds. Men 
would work wherever and whenever they had a 
chance. Harvest time gave opportunities to work with 
the grain headers and threshing operators. Tlie first 
crop of harvested grain posed a problem. When a 
commercial outfit wanted to come to thresh on 
Sunday, the group or the community decided against 
it. Instead, they borrowed an old horse powered 
outfit, using 10 head of horses to pull it round and 
round, turning the shaft which connected the machine 
and ran it. The following year a steam outfit came to 
thresh - but not on Sundays. Henry Dalke became a 
thresher and during World War I these jobs became 
frozen. Mr. Dalke had to thresh for people whether 
they were gcKKl customers or not and this was not 
always advantageous financially. 

A certain few worked in town. Jacob Koop 
operated a lumber yard in Dubois. Gus Schmidt was 
an employee of the firm. Cornie Funk operated a 

barber shop on Main Street and right next to him was 
the restaurant owned and operated by Henry Funk. In 
front of the store was an open irrigation ditch. This 
provided good fishing during the right time of the 
season. The farmers also used the sage hen to 
supplement their food supply. 

At least three of the Mennonite community 
worked in the capacity as school teachers. The Dutch 
Flats had built a school house which was also used as 
the meeting house for their religious services. John 
H. Ensz, who came from Hillsboro, Kansas 
conmiunity, was the first teacher in this Mountain 
View school. Later on Jacob H. Friesen, also from 
Hillsboro, served as a teacher. Mr. H.H. Lehrman. 
Theresa Wiebe, taught a German School, which 
followed the regular session of the public school. 
These all had received their training at Bethel College. 

The children attended school in both Dubois 
and Mountain View, the school located on the Dutch 
Flats south of town. J.B. Schmidt, who had a shoe 
shop in town, also had a factory built school wagon 
which was horse drawn and canvass covered. This 
then was used to bus the children to school. When 
more settlers arrived, Henry F. Friesen also got a 
route for school children which he kept for four years. 
These two men were ultimately succeeded by Peter J. 
Isaak. The shoe shop owned by Mr. Schmidt came to 
be a good visiting place. Mr. Schmidt was also an 
agent for the Edison supplies. Some information 
indicated that there was also a Jocob Kroeker that was 
a cobbler. 

Some of the farmers also made butter and sold 
it in stores. Chickens were only kept in small 
numbers, so that the selling of eggs doesn't appear to 
have ever been a big item. Jacob Isaak remembers 
carrying eggs to Dubois, which was a mere four 
miles. They would walk along the railroad tracLs part 
of the way. Most of the time they met the section 
crew on the way, and the foreman would by all the 
eggs for his crew and thus alleviate the burden ot" 
carrying the eggs. They would still ha\e to walk to 
Dubois to get groceries. The section gang all 
happened to be of Japanese descent. Evenr' farm had 
a garden .spot and attempLs were made to raise enoiiizh 
to carry over goods until the next summer. H H 
Lehrman lived on a farm, hut did Mmic 
blacksmithing. Mrs. H.F. Friesen was used tor her 
midwifery talent. 

In the 1970s we would not consider the homes 
built in the DuN)is area in the 191S era. as substantial 
For example, the Peter Schmidt home had only one 


room downstairs and three bedrooms upstairs. This 
made the living area more versatile. In this one room 
was the parental bed, cream separator, kitchen, dining 
room, and living room. Many stories could be told of 
how the snow filtered through the cracks during the 
snow storms. 

The farms had cisterns. Wells were too 
expensive. The drinking water and the stock water 
was hauled in from Beaver and Camas creeks. A tank 
was placed on the wagon box and this served as the 
means for transporting the water. 


It was obvious, people did not come to Dubois 
on a trial basis, even though some returned after a few 
years to the same community from which they came. 
The Sunday School and worship services were well 
conducted with good leadership. Each of these 
organizations had a constitution. The settlers had 
settled and built with the intention of being a part of 
a new settlement. The congregation had joined the 
Pacific District Conference and the General 
Conference Mennonite Church. There was good 
leadership in the community. The schools were 

The simple fact was that the land was not 
producing enough to meet the expenses, and 
apparently there was not much hope for improvement. 
When this takes place, one soon turns elsewhere. It 
is not clear as to when the first ones began to leave. 
Henry H. Lehrman notes that the spring of 1919 was 
unusually dry with much wind and this settled the 
issue for them as a family. They would have to leave 
to earn a livelihood. One may well visualize that 
those days must have been anxious moments for most 
of them. Many of them, had left established places, 
perhaps encountered some financial loss in doing so, 
but now they could see their community breaking up, 
which meant further financial loss and reestablishment 
somewhere else. Everyone wanted to sell and no one 
wanted to buy. This almost meant that the homestead 
land would revert back to the government. 1919 was 
the clincher year. The Peter J. Isaak family, for 
example, had seeded over 400 acres of wheat and 
threshed less than 200 bushels. To my knowledge, 
Peter Funk of Aberdeen is the only one who has kept 
up the tax payments on his 160 acres obtained in 
1913. One may also assume that mortgages had been 
placed on the land, so that in those instances 
individuals or the banks obtained the land. So, 

from a material standpoint, the pioneer days at Dubois 
were anything but successful. Yet Henry H. Lehrman 
says, and he must say it for many, "We will never 
forget those years as the richest in our lives. The 
experience of doing without many things and adjusting 
ourselves to it, the close-knit friendship with 
neighbors, taking responsibilities in Sunday School 
and church, and other things we had to cope with, 
give more lasting pleasure than having everything 
coming easy." 

COMPILED BY AARON J. EPP (Aaron married 
Betty Schmidt the last child born on the Dutch Flats, 
mother-in-law former Mary Isaak) 




"Jim" & Mackv 

James Martin "Jim" Dyer started a mining 
operation at Birch Creek in 1906. The depression and 
continued hard times hit hard, forcing him to 
eventually abandon the project. 

Dyer then tried a bit of horse trading, but 
was unable to make a living there, so switched to 
cattle. Again hard winters and poor feed conditions 
forced him to abandon that business. 

"Jim" was born October 2, 1870 in Ontario, 

He married Micki McDonald. They were the 
parents of one daughter, Jamie. 

Micki served as school Superintendent, while 
"Jim" served as the area State Senator. 


"Jim" passed away at the age of 84 in 
January, 1955, at a local rest home. 

He, however, as he had planned, was the 
speaker at his own funeral in Idaho Falls. Graveside 
services were conducted at the Rose Hill Cemetery by 
the Elks Lodge. The record for his services were 
prepared several years prior to his death. 

He said he wanted no speaker at his funeral, 
because speakers always "told good things about the 
deceased and would get carried away," so he had his 
speech recorded prior to his death. The relatives 
leaned forward in wonder if the speaker was talking 
about the right person, yet uneasy that he may say 
something about them." 

He told that he was born October 2, 1870 in 
Ontario, Canada, and said in his early life, he was 
born in the days when parents didn't have to make 
their children go to school. He stated he was the only 
uneducated child in the family and was an "awkward" 
youngster doing a man's work at 11 years of age. 

He told of how he thought his family was 
ashamed of him, so he decided to leave home. He 
borrowed $100 from a banker and went to Colorado 
where he started mining. 

Mr. Dyer, at this point in the record, started 
telling of life and said "no two things are alike." He 
went on to say birds had different calls, trees had 
different woods, and each animal has different 
characteristics. He told listeners to "always wear a 
smile, as they were made to fit your face and don't 
cost anything." 

He resumed telling of mining activities, 
saying he moved from Colorado, went on to Utah and 
Nevada, and finally settled in Birch Creek in 1906, 
where he started his mining operation. 

"I have lived and enjoyed a very full life," he 
continued and told of being a nature lover. 

Then noting the complexities of life, Mr. 
Dyer said a man was not even buried in a casket 
belonging to him. "The casket maker is paid for 
making the casket, and the undertaker gets paid for it 

The record concluded by saying he would 
like people, rather than mourn for him, to tell funny 
stories about him and sing "Auld Lang Syune." 

The final groove of the record sounded a 
single "Farewell." 




The town was estahlished in 1892. named "[>rv Creek" 
after nearby creek. Late 1890's. towTi renamed "IHihois" and 
creek renamed "Beaver Creek:. l*hoto shows Railroad Depot on 
east side of track, main street. & on west side of road. Episcopal 
Church. School. Livery Stable. Miller & Pvke Store & Post 
Office. Fremont Cash Store. Note trees in hackjiround hv creek. 

(Circa early 1900s) 

Dubois, Idaho 



Early Spencer Business 

Early sawmills were designed to be easily 
transported from one area to another, depending on 
supply of available timber. They were usually small, 
twenty five horsepower, steam engines placed under 
a roof that had no sides. These mills were to produce 
some 20,000 feet daily. 

The Utah and Northern Railroad that was 
being built in Idaho from the points of Pocatello, 
Idaho to the Montana board was influential to the 
development of several sawmills in the location of the 
new town of Beaver Canyon. 

Early sawmill families— the Stoddards and 
VanNoys—were at the time involved in cutting ties for 
the railroad in the Beaver Canyon area. It was from 
these sawmills the first timber came for the new 
bridge built across the Snake River by Mr. Taylor in 
the Eagle Rock area, now Idaho Falls. The trip by 
wagon one way was 80 miles. 

David Eccles of Ogden soon learned from his 
friends, formerly of Ogden, -Stoddards and VanNoys- 
that Beaver Canyon was an ideal area for sawmills. 

It was in 1884 Hyrum H. Spencer was sent to 
Beaver Canyon by Mr. Eccles with one of the 
sawmills from the Scofield area. The business venture 
proved successful in supplying the Ogden needs of the 
David Eccles Lumberyard. It was while Spencer 
watched the development of the new town of Beaver 
Canyon that he opened a merchandise store. As the 
community was growing, Eccles and Spencer also 
acquired several thousand acres of property to raise 
cattle. With the talk of moving the town and despite 
the profit of the Beaver Canyon enterprise, the 

sawmill was moved to Oregon. 

Possibly this was for three reasons: The 
Timber and Stone Act, Oregon timber was superior in 
quality, and better opportunity to escape prosecution 
as a polygamist. 

Through the efforts of the Wood Live Stock 
Company, which had been in the community a few 
short years, it was decided to move the town of 
Beaver Canyon. Thus, a new town was born, 
Spencer, Idaho, named for businessman, Hyrum H. 

The mercantile store in Beaver Canyon 
became part of a chain of stores known as Eccles, 
Spencer Mercantile Co. Ltd. They owned and 
operated general stores at Beaver, Spencer, and 
Market Lake (Roberts). These sold everything from 
chicken feed and underwear to ladies hats and lumber. 
On June 5, 1900 David Eccles sold his interest in the 
stores to Spencer Harwood for the sum of $20,000. 
Eccles cleared a total of $27,000 from this business 



George Ecenroad was an early Railroad 
employee, with Dubois being the home for him and 
his family. While in Dubois he owned a home and 
other properties. 

He was bom in Smith Center, Kansas, July 
30, 1875. He was a Philippine Insurrection Veteran, 
and was employed by the Utah Railways Company for 
40 years prior to his retirement in 1941. 

Mrs. Ecenroad died at Salt Lake City, Utah in 
1936, at the age of 66, of coronary occlusion. He 
was visiting friends, Mr. and Mrs. C.A. Severn, when 
he was taken ill. 

Surviving family members at the time of his 
death were a son and two sisters. Burial was in Salt 
Lake City, Utah. 



Another early arrival in the Birch Creek 


Valley was Henry Edelman. He relocated from Butte, 
Montana, to the Spring Mountain district in 1882, 
arriving by saddle horse with all his possessions on his 
pack horse. His first job in this area was working in 
the Spring Mountain mines. 

Henry said in 1882 Nicholia was quite a large 
town, claiming 385 voters, and at this time women 
were not allowed to vote. 

A Mrs. Yearian operated a boarding house for 
the smelter workers from Lemhi. She decided to have 
a private dancing party and invited special people, 
such as bosses, but not the regular workers that were 
her star boarders. The boarders being rather upset 
because they had been excluded from the party, 
decided to get even with her so they went down to the 
camp to eat for a couple of meals, but soon found her 
cooking was by far the best. Mrs. Yearian did not 
have anymore private parties after this at her boarding 
house, she made sure her regular customers were 

Early settlers of the Birch Creek area about 
1885 noted Edelman were: Kaufman, Kuharski, 
Goddard, George Ballard, Tylers, Old Man Johnson, 
Joe Butterfield, Sam Moore, the Baker family and 
McCambridge family. The saloon and stopping place 
at the Narrows was run by the McCambridge family 
at this time. 

Edelman decided to take up a homestead in 
1887, this area still carries his name as Edelman 
Canyon. He became well known as a gardner. Fresh 
vegetables were usually quite scarce in this location. 
Early day miners suffered from scurvy, as they were 
on a diet of beans, salt pork, sourdough bread and 
coffee. To combat the disease one remedy was to 
slice raw potatoes in vinegar and eat them, not too 
appetizing, but apparently did help. 



Vera Ethel Roberts was born in Camas, Idaho, 
March 15, 1890, the daughter of Arthur E. Roberts 
and Katie Deliah Pyke Roberts. When she was a 
small girl her mother and father separated. 

In 1952 Mrs. Vera Roberts Edgerton was 
inquiring about her mother's family Bible, which also 
contained her own birth certificate. As she 
remembered, it was left in Camas with a woman by 

the name of Mrs. Caldwell. At this time Mrs. 
Edgerton lived in Pacoima, California, but has most 
likely passed away since that time. 



"Art" & Maggie at Indian Creek 

I first met Maggie when I rode to Odgen. 
Utah from Dubois on the freight train with a shipment 
of Edie cattle from our Medicine UxJge ranch. While 
in Odgen, my dad, George B. Edie, and I visited 
Uncle Henry and Aunt Rose, who had moved there 
from Medicine Ltxlge. We also visited with Maggie's 
mother, who was married to my mother's brother. 
We traveled out there with a borrowed horse and 
buggy. This is when I first met Maggie. 

I worked with lots of horses, some were 
shipped to Denver, Colorado and Grand Island, 
Nebraska, and some were sold to the British Army 
and .shipped to Europe during World War 1. A \o\ o\ 
the ranchers of Medicine Ltxlge Uirned their cattle ou\ 
toward:; Mud Lake to winter. In the spring many tixik 
part in the W(hx1 Live Stock Company big spring 
roundup. This was quite a roundup, uiih chu.k 
wagon, camp cixik, horse wranglers and llie \shole 
works, it t(H>k many days gathering cattle around 
Mud Lake. Hamer and Camas. At certam p^Mnts 
along the trail, area ranchers met to cut out \shat 
livestock that belonged to them. Tliey trailed to Dry 
Creek (now Dubois) where tliey cut out all ilie cattle 
that belonged to ranchers in the .iic.i mk\ do\sn 
towards Camas. High Bridge was the next MirUni: 
area, for cattle that belonged in the Medicine ItKlge 


country. Moving up to Spencer they would brand 
calves, then turn the WLS Company cattle out on the 
summer range. Medicine Lx)dge riders drove their 
cattle from High Bridge over across Cottonwood. 
They'd get the cattle that belonged up the canyon out 
and take them on over and up Medicine Lodge 
Canyon to their home range. The whole roundup 
would take from three weeks to a month. It took a lot 
of riding, and good horse flesh to get this job done. 

Maggie and I didn't get married until several 
years later. Maggie visited several times at the ranch, 
while I made several trips to Ogden to market the 
cattle. It was on one of there trips we decided to get 
married, November 10, 1925 in the Salt Lake City 
courthouse. Maggie was the youngest daughter of Eli 
and May belle Taylor of Murray, Utah. 

Maggie was born at Murray, May 6, 1907 and 
went to school there. She attended grade school at 
Woodstock and went to high school at Jordon. After 
she got through high school she was cashier in 
Aurbach's Department Store in Salt Lake City. 

I was born at Medicine Lodge Canyon on 
August 31, 1901 to Rich and Emma Louise Wilson, 
on a ranch that later became the home of the "Lew" 
Ellis family, now the ranch of George and Fay 
Whittaker. My father died when I was 9 months old. 
Later, my mother married George B. Edie, who had 
filed on a homestead that is now the May ranch. He 
was in the cattle and horse raising business. That is 
where I grew up and went to school, as one of the 
first students. George B. donated his old bunkhouse 
for the use of a school, until one could be built. This 
old building on Edie Creek leaves me a few memories 
of my first school and of my first teacher, "Tish" 
Thomas. My entire education was acquired at the 
Edie schools, with the exception of one year at 
Dubois. That building can still be found at the ranch 

While going to school in Dubois, I lived with 
the Meeker family. Dr. M. J. Meeker had a dentist 
office and drug store in Dubois. 

The first year Maggie and I were married we 
lived in a log cabin on dad's ranch, located in upper 
Medicine Lodge. I worked with him putting in the 
crops, looking after the cattle, or whatever was needed 
to be done. 

That spring dad bought two bulls from "Al" 
Swanstrum, who had a ranch on Sheridan creek where 
he raised purebred Herefords. Arrangements were 
made to have Wood Live Stock company riders bring 
the bulls into Spencer, about the first of July. I had 

been out riding, and when I arrived home that evening 
Dad met me at the barn, with the sad tidings that the 
bulls would be in Spencer that night. Well, Maggie 
was standing there and she said she was going with 
me; dad tried to talk her out of this. After we had 
supper, we took off, riding all night. The sun was 
just coming up when we went by the "Art" Burnside 
ranch. He was in the yard treading a grinding wheel, 
sharpening a mowing machine sickle. We went on to 
Spencer, only to find the bulls had not arrived yet. We 
put our horses in the Wood Live Stock Company barn 
and got some lunch stuff to eat, and went up along 
the creek to eat and rest. When we woke up 
somebody had stolen what was left of our lunch. 

At the time "Bill" Shupe and "Dude" Keeney, 
Wood Live Stock Company employees, were just 
putting the bulls in the Spencer stock yards. It was 
hot, the bulls were tired, so we decided to wait until 
evening to go with them. We all went to the WLS 
office to get a meal ticket to take to the Mess hall. 
C. M. Hardy was in the office and didn't want to give 
us one, but we finally got a good meal. 

Along toward evening it started to cool off, 
so we got on our horses, took the bulls out of the 
stockyards and headed out. It soon became dark, the 
moon came out and it was quite light. A coyote 
followed close along behind us, yapping, and Maggie 
got a little concerned, but I assured her we were 
perfectly safe, as far as the coyote was concerned. 

Finally, we arrived at Indian creek, drove the 
bulls across the bridge and unsaddled the horses and 
turned them loose to roll in the grass on the east side 
of the bridge. We lay down on the bridge and used 
our saddle and blankets for bedding. 

When we woke up, about daylight, the bulls 
and horses had stayed put, so we saddled up and 
started on up the canyon, arriving at the ranch about 
noon. This was Maggies first experience as to what 
the cowboys life was really like, and although she was 
pretty tired, I think she enjoyed it. 

That fall dad sold most of his cattle; I had a 
little bunch of my own and sold them too. Maggie 
and I spent part of the winter in Utah, and I worked 
at the smelter at Murray for awhile, then for Royal 
Crystal Salt Company out by the lake. By spring we 
were ready to head back to Medicine Lodge. 

We bought our first automobile in Murray, it 
being a second hand 1924 Model T Ford Coupe. It 
was a long slow trip back home, compared to now. 
It took a long day to come from Salt Lake to Idaho 
Falls. There was very little pavement. Coming over 


the hill, between Brigham City and Logan, the motor 
got hot, so we stopped several times to let it cool off 
and put water in the radiator. That night we stayed in 
Idaho Falls. 

The next day we went on, which was another 
hard day. The road was muddy and when we arrived 
at the "Lew" Ellis ranch, he pulled us around his field 
with a team of horses. We were glad when we 
arrived at dad's ranch. 

We found out the place, known as the "Bill" 
Ellis place, was for sale; at that time it was owned by 
"Ed" Kaufman. We looked him up and made 
arrangements to buy it. It is was where Allyn May 

We had also learned that the Kliens, John and 
his mother, Susan, who were on the Blue creek ranch, 
had a bunch of cattle for sale, so we went over there 
and made arrangements to purchase them. I didn't 
have enough money to pay for them, but I gave him 
what I had and a note to be paid that fall. 

Pickups, trucks and trailers were not very 
plentiful in those days, but I found a trailer and 
somebody to haul us and our saddle horse to Blue 
creek and the next day we went after our cattle. We 
got them gathered up, but they didn't want to leave 
home, so we made a slow drive that day, trailing on 
the old stage coach route to Medicine Lodge. TTie 
first night we held them at what is known as Reynolds 
crossing on Deep creek. The last day, the day after 
Easter, was a long day, but we arrived home after 
dark with some 90 head of cows. They were about 
every color that a cow could be. Some of them were 
milk cows, so we also got a cream separator from the 
Kieins, and went to milking cows and selling cream. 
It wasn't much, but we got a few dollars that way, as 
the times were hard. 

There were some two year old steers and 
some dry cows, and a Holstein bull that weighed 19 
hundred pounds, which we sold that fall. The highest 
price that we got in Ogden was three and one-half 
cents a pound for some of our steers. Needless to 
say, I didn't get enough to finish paying Kleins, so 
went to the bank in Idaho Falls. 

Phillips and Tripp, a sheep outfit from 
Aberdeen, bought the J. D. Ellis ranch on Weber 
creek, just above our ranch, in 1925. They had put 
up the hay every year, but never fed much of it, 
however, that winter they decided to feed it in.stead of 
moving the sheep to Aberdeen. It turned out to be 
poor feed for the sheep, so they left a lot of it on the 
feed ground. I made arrangements with Mr. Phillips 

to turn my cattle in on their feedlot to clean it up. So, 
one day they would feed in the lower field, then the 
next day in the upper field, and I would put the cattle 
in the lower field. That way the cattle had plenty to 
eat, as well as the sheep, leaving the sheep a clean 
feed ground every day. Along in February, Phillips 
decided to move their sheep to Aberdeen for lambing 
hiring my brother. Jay Edie and myself to haul hay to 
feed the sheep, while they trailed them to Dubois, 
where they transported them on to Blackfoot by train. 
It tCK)k three big loads of hay, which was all our team 
of horses could pull on a sleigh and four days rough 
trailing to reach Dubois. Jay and I had to sleep out on 
top of a load of hay. One night we camped by the 
"Lew" Ellis ranch, and he came out to tell us it was 
ten below zero on his thermometer. For payment, 
Mr. Phillips told me that I could have the hay that was 
left at his ranch, if I would get it cleaned up. So, we 
got through that winter pretty good. Next spring I 
rented the Phillips place. Howard Ellis bought the 
place we were on. 

We lived there seven years, although they 
were dry years with not much water for irrigation. It 
was a share crop agreement; I got one-half the hay 
and one-half the pasture. Sometimes, I had to buy 
their half to have enough hay to feed my cattle. 
Besides milking cows, we raised some pigs, and 
Maggie had chickens and some turkeys. 

We took over Howard Ellis's mail contract 
from Argora to Small for three years, which had to be 
run once a week. 

WTien we left the Phillips and Tripp ranches 
we worked at different places for several years, then 
came back again for two more years, moved away 
again, then came to ride for the Medicine U.xlgc 
Cattle Ass'n in the summer time. 

Dick was born at Salt Lake, but we were 
living on the Weber place at the time. We moved 
away from there and lived on the Edie Creek and in 
Dubois for awhile. 

We were trying to locate a ranch we could 
buy again, and finally purchased an 80 acre farm west 
of Ririe, in 1940, where we lived for three years. 
"Dick" started to schixil while we were living there. 

A Clark County ranch came up for s.ile on 
Indian creek, the old Granville Gauchay ranch, tiu-n 
owned by H. C. "Bud" Frew. We moved there m the 
spring of 1944. Former residents were tlie Lc'land 
Wolfgang family, who was the foreman for I'rew. 
raising ab<iut ten turkeys. Frew told me 
that at one time tliey were fed mostly on crickets. Ot 


course, that was one of the years the crickets were so 
bad, and ate almost everything. On some days, he 
said, the crickets would travel in a straight line, and 
if they came to a house or any kind of a building they 
would go over the top of it. Other days, they would 
stop and feed, then they would eat everything, even 
the string and latigo straps off a saddle, if they were 
where they could get to them. One sheep herder, he 
said, had a leather coat hung on a bush, and when he 
went to get it, all that was left was the buttons and the 

"Dick" managed to get the measles and we 
were quarantined for three weeks, so didn't arrive on 
the ranch at the time planned. At Indian creek we 
raised mostiy hay and grain along with our livestock. 

Maggie rebuilt the porch on our house by 
glassing it in. We built a room over the cellar. She 
built cupboards and painted; in the kitchen she made 
a border around the room by hand painting bulls. 
Electricity first came in 1950, then we put in a 
bathroom. A story as told by Art was about one time 
he arrived home on his horse and said "No she 
didn't!" But, yes she had. Maggie had torn out most 
of the living room wall and was beginning to build a 
new fireplace. 

Maggie always went out and rode with me. 
She was my right hand man. I had chaps and a 
raincoat, which didn't make such clothes for women 
back then, but that didn't stop Maggie. 

"Dick" went to school at Medicine Lxxlge, 
which didn't have very many students, mainly some 
from the Lau ranch, and Shentons. I took them to 
school in the morning and picked them up in the 
afternoons. After the county school consolidation, 
"Dick" attended school in Dubois where he graduated. 

Community dances were held at the Medicine 
Lodge school and Lidy Hot Springs. I remember, 
Thelma Harn's brother, Lee Jacoby, in one of the 
fights at Lidys. There always seemed to be lots of 
fights at these dances, sometimes quite a few buddies 
would get involved. Coming home from the dances 
the men sometimes would stop and get an antelope, 
while the women would go to one of the houses and 
start preparing for a meal. 

Cattle were all run on open range in the early 
years of this country, as associations or the BLM were 
not yet formed. When the Medicine Lodge 
Association was first formed, John Hays took care of 
the books, with "Bill" Colson as president, until he 
died, then Clay Colson took over. I was next in line 
followed by Jay Edie, then me again. 

Jay Edie at Divide Creek Cow Camp 

The Medicine Lodge Cattle Association was 
incorporated in 1946, when C. A. Garrett moved to 
upper Medicine Lodge. Some of the other riders I 
remember were: Russell Ellis, "Ed" Jones, Howard 
Holmes, "Art" Edie, Jay Edie, "Tom" Stelzer, "Ken" 
Colson and Orville Williams. We all stayed at the 
Divide creek cow camp. 

"Ed" Jones rode for a long time, until he as 
called to war. He had a heck of a good horse, called 
Barney. The day he had to leave to go to war, he 
rode his horse down ft"om Divide creek and ran into a 
wolf. He had his six shooter on, so pulled his gun, 
standing in his stirrups trying to get a bead on him. 
His horse stepped into a badger hole and rolled on 
him. The next thing he remembered was being at the 
Stelzer ranch, and his gun was gone. After that 
several people tried to locate his gun with no luck. 
Soon after he was released from the war, "Ed" 
decided to reride the area to look once again for the 
gun, which he did find all rusted up. 

Maggie did a lot of knitting and crocheting, 
for herself, as well as the church bazaars. She was 
well noted for her beautiful knitted sweaters, for all 
ages. She worked hard in the church, and belonged to 
the LDS Relief Society. They held work meetings, 
many times in our home, as well as at the Bonds, 
Berrys, and Robbins homes. Some of our church 
home teachers were Everett Williams, Rex Furness, 
and President "Bill" Shuldberg. 

Community services I had a part in included: 
serving on the school board for several years. There 
were five school districts at the time, each had three 
trustees. When they incorporated the district, they 


took one trustee out of each district. Paul Gauchay 
and Mollis Shenton worked against me and said, "He's 
it" and I was put in as one of the school trustees at 

It was the church that got us started square 
dancing at Dubois. We obtained some records and 
started doing it also at our Medicine Lodge Grange 
meetings. The records were pretty fast and wouldn't 
stop while we ironed out a step. Maggie was pretty 
good at figuring out the directions. We put her in as 
instructor. I tried to do a little calling. A few of the 
people who would dance with us were: Paul and 
Mable Gauchay, Leo and Bernice Berry, Stacy and 
Helen Bond, Bob and Maxine Rue, "Ab" and Pearl 
Laird, Carl and Leah Leonardson, "Tub" and Virginia 
Laird. "Dick," our son, learned to do a little calhng 
from the records. Some of us also would go to Rigby 
when Howard Anderson was the caller. 

When we moved up to Indian Creek, Grange 
meetings were held every month when we arrived. 
The Grange eventually folded up as there weren't 
enough people to fill the offices. I was the last 
treasurer. There was a little money sitting in the 
bank, so Carl Leonardson told me to draw it out, and 
it was my idea that all the members go out to dinner 
at the West Bank in Idaho Falls, which we did. 

I was president of the Medicine Lcxlge 
Cattlemens Association for 15 years, and was 
secretary for 7 years. Prior to that I served as 
secretary for seven years. I was on the board of 
directors of the Idaho Cattlemen's Association for 3 
years. I was in the Clark County Chamber of 
Commerce until I was elected County Commissioner 
for my district. I served as Commissioner for 14 
years. I was on the Selective Service Board for 
twenty years, for which I received a 20 year 
certificate. Maggie belonged to the PTA, being 
president for both the Medicine Lodge and Dubois 
organizations for different years. 

Maggie like to go fishing, and also enjoyed 
having a nice garden with some beautiful flowers. 
She like all kinds of wild animals and birds, as well as 
domestic animals, and would stay up many nights 
caring for a baby calf that had gotten chilled or was 
sick. She worked many long, hard days helping to 
build fences, haying, irrigating, and all kinds of ranch 

Maggie passed away with cancer August 23, 
1965 at the age of 58 at the Rexburg hospital. She 
was buried at the Dubois Cemetery. 

Sometime after her death, "Dick" married 

"Pat," and they assisted me with the ranch. 

Eventually, after "Dick" was married, we 
formed a partnership, and purchased additional land in 
Hamer, where we wintered our cattle and where 
"Dick" and "Pat" lived. For the next several years we 
operated both ranches, keeping the cattle on the Indian 
Creek and Medicine Lodge area in the summer and 
moving to Hamer for the winter. About 1975 we sold 
out and moved to Arizona, where we continued to 
raise cattle. First we purchased property at Payson, 
Arizona, later selling and buying in Elfreda, Arizona. 
"Art" became almost blind, while living with 
his son, "Dick" and family at Elfreda. "Art's" 
activities became somewhat limited, but he still 
enjoyed getting on a horse and riding out on the range 
and working with the cattle. 

(Art passed away at the Benson, Arizona 
hospital at the age of 81, August 12, 1983. He was 
buried at the Dubois, Idaho Cemetery. His family is 
still living at Elfreda.) 



George. Dick. Pat" 
Richard & Susan 

A son. Richard, the only child o\ Artliur G. 
Edie and Maggie Taylor Edic. was born in Salt Uikc 
City, in 1934. 

i lived with my parents on Medicine L«>dge 
until 1941 when we moved to Ririe. Idaho, where we 
N)ught a farm. In hM4 we moved back \o Clark 



County, purchasing the Bud Frew Ranch on Indian 

I started school at the old Buck School, west 
of Ririe. Then I attended Medicine Lodge School 
until all of the county schools consolidated in Dubois. 
I was graduated from Clark County high school. I 
was active in 4-H with projects of cattle, rabbits, and 
horses. I participated jn sports, like everybody else. 

After I got out of high school I worked for 
various ranchers around the Medicine Lodge area: my 
dad, my Uncle Jay Edie, Stacy Bond, and Steve 
Green. I also worked for Glidden Wood Products in 
Dubois, located where the Lindy Ross Elementary 
School was built. 

I was drafted into the Army in 1955 and was 
stationed in Ft. Carson, Colo., Ft. Sill, Okla., Ft. 
Lewis, Washington, and Schofield Barracks, Hawaii. 

After I was discharged from the Army, I 
worked with my dad again, for a while on the Indian 
Creek Ranch. I also worked for Ren Willis in the 
Dubois Garage for a short time. I rode for the 
Medicine Lodge Cattle Assn. for about three years. 
I attended Ricks College in Rexburg for one winter. 

Having decided that Idaho was too cold, I 
went to Arizona and worked at the Flying E Ranch at 
Wickenburg for two winters. I met my wife, "Pat", 
at the Flying E, and we were married in 1965. 

"Pat" and I came back to Indian Creek and we 
formed a partnership with Dad, and bought another 
ranch at Hamer, Idaho. Our son, George, was born 
in 1970, and Richard D. was born in 1973. 

We sold our Idaho ranches in 1975 and moved 
to Arizona. We now live on a place north of Elfrida, 
Arizona, about fifty miles from the Mexican border. 
Here our third child, a daughter, Susan, was born in 






Richard Joseph McGuire Wilson came to the 
United States at the age of four and lived with an 
Uncle in New York City, until he joined the Army 
and came west. He fought in the battle against the Nez 

Perce in Idaho and Wyoming areas. 

He was born July 25, 1857, in Ireland. 

He married Mary Ann "Polly" Taylor on 
November 1,1881. They had four children: two boys, 
who died at birth; two girls, one who died at two 
months, and the one who lived was Mary Emma 
Wilson; she was born November 28, 1884. "Polly" 
passed away November 17, 1889, at the age of 25 in 
Salt Lake City due to poor health. Her daughter, 
Mary Emma was only five years old. 

Richard, feeling that he was not able to take 
care of his daughter, wanted to send her to New York 
City to some of his family to raise. However, 
Grandmother Shell would not let this happen and took 
Mary into her home. Mary then attended school in 
Salt Lake City. 



Emma Louisa Holden was born March 14, 
1870 in Birmingham, Warwick, England. 

Emma then became Richard's second v^fe. 
She was a cousin to "Polly". They were united in 
marriage in April, 1896. At age thirteen Mary Emma 
came to Idaho with her father and stepmother to dry 
farm 40 acres of land south of Dubois. This land, 
now some of the Webster holdings, was located near 
the gravel pit, next to the Interstate Highway. How 
Wilson disposed of this land is not known. Mary had 
many loving memories of her father. To this marriage 
three sons were born. Warren Wilson, the first born 
on April 10, 1896, in Cottonwood Canyon, Utah, died 
January 10, 1899, when he was three years old. 

The second son was Henry Randle Wilson 


Edie, born December 23, 1899. 

Henry married Rozelliah "Zella" Colson 
March 14, 1926. They raised three children: Bonita 
Denice Edie Jewett, born January 31, 1930, in Idaho 
Falls; Dean Randle Wilson Edie, born December 16, 
1932, in Dubois, and Alden Lawrence Wilson Edie, 
bom March 1, 1935 in Dubois. Henry died February 
14, 1969, in Denver, Colorado. 

The 1900 Census for Idaho shows the family 
as such: Husband-Richard Joseph McGuire Wilson; 
Wife-Emma Louisa Holden; Daughter-Mary Emma 
Wilson, age 16; Son-Henry Randall Wilson, age 1 

The third son was Arthur Gordon Wilson 
Edie, born August 31, 1901, in Fremont County, 
Idaho. He was born in Medicine Lodge Canyon on 
the "Lew" Ellis ranch, now owned by George and 
Faye Whittaker. 

"Bill" Ellis used to tell Dean Edie some 
stories about his granddad Wilson. Apparently Wilson 
and his family lived on the "Lew" Ellis ranch where 
he was employed. Richard became ill, but still tried 
to continue to work. It was while they were haying in 
the summer that he would be helping to stack hay, and 
would have to get off the stack and lay on the ground 
for awhile to rest. 

Their father died when Arthur was nine 
months old, May 12, 1902, of cancer in Idaho Falls. 
He is buried in Dubois. 

"Art" married Maggie M. Taylor. They had 
one son, Richard "Dick" Gordon Edie. "Art" passed 
away August 12, 1983, at Benson, Arizona. 

Emma Louisa continue to live with her young 
family in the Medicine Lodge Canyon. 

She acted as a midwife during these hard 
times and helped deliver her grandchildren along with 
many other babies. She also acted as a nurse to help 
the ill. 


Bonita. Grandpa Edie. Reha. Richard "Dick" 

George B. immigrated from Scotland in 1880 
with his brother, James. He received naturalization 
papers in 1900 in Idaho. 

He was born October 8, 1859, in Edinburgh, 

He lived in Scotland until he was 20 years of 
age. He worked in his father's stone quarry and also 
taught school. 

After arriving in the United States, George 
first settled in Bannock, Montana. While there he 
worked for an uncle and various other cattlemen on 
ranches on Horse Prairie. 

James married and chose Dillon, Montana for 
his home, while George selected the scenic 
mountainous area, to be known as upper Medicine 
Lodge to develop a sizeable ranch which he 
homesteaded in about 1885. It was located about 15 
miles from the mouth of Medicine Lodge canyon. 
Here George built a log cabin, and at this point it was 
the first house in the canyon. 


George B. & Emma 

In 1885 there was no road - in fact a man 
could not even ride through the canyon on horse-back. 
The early settlers followed he table land and tln.illy 
wended their way down to the canyon tlinir. Later as 
the men found time they gradually chopped down the 
underbrush and rolled the huge rocLs out of the way 
until they had a trail down llie canyon. Tixlay there 
is a very gcxxl countrs' roaJ lor many miles up this 

Mr. Edie s;iys liiat uhon he first settled in llic 
area the Indians had encampmenLs all around their 
home and that they had many interesting and exciting 
times with them. 



For many years choice cattle and horses have 
been raised on this ranch. The cattle have been 
shipped from Dubois to many of the important centers 
in the United States. 

Beside being historical the Edie ranch is 
beautiful. Cattle graze in the softly rolling grass; 
Medicine Lodge creek cuts through the meadows and 
the old farm house nestles close against the hills. 

Fish abound in the waters of the Medicine 
Lodge creek and deer are frequently seen in the fields 
and on the nearby hillsides of the ranch. 

George married Emma Louisa Wilson October 
11, 1902, a young widow with two young sons, who 
lived a few miles down the canyon from his ranch. 

George was educated in his home country as 
a school teacher. He spoke three languages. His 
interest in school helped produce schooling for the 
area children. The first school being a log cabin on 
the ranch, his shop building, as the first school, which 
"Art" and Henry attended, with "Tish" Thomas as 
their teacher. He was among the many "Dads" who 
helped to build the frame building named the Edie 
School, which still stands, and provided the ground 
where the building was erected. George and Emma 
opened their home to the many school teachers, as 
they lived just across the street from the school house. 

The area was in dire need of a post office, 
thus the first post office was housed in the Edie home. 
Later is was moved to the T.E. Wood ranch, south of 
Edies and renamed the Argora post office. The name 
coming from "Art" Gayle, a Dubois businessman. 

Hay was raised on the ranch for the livestock, 
it was stacked with a team of horses and a Beaver 

The ranch was located in a high altitude, thus 
gardens were small. 

George was appointed Road Overseer for 
District #34 (Medicine Lodge) as of July 15, 1899, by 
the county commissions. He was to oversee work to 
blast out rocks, widen the grade on an extensively 
traveled road of upper Medicine Lodge, formerly a 
portion of Lemhi County. His petition was instigated 
by W.A. Pyke. 

George B. was a member of the Medicine 
Lodge Telephone Co., Ltd. Stockholders, of which he 
served as secretary, in 1928. However, this Company 
had been organized prior to this date. He had one of 
he first telephones at his ranch. 

He belonged to the Republican County Central 
Committee. As a Republican he served as Clark 
County Probate Judge from 1928 to 1934. A special 

Committee meeting was called when William A. Patt, 
Probate Judge resigned due to ill health in February, 
1940. George B. was thus appointed to fill this 
vacancy. He served a total of 15 years in this office. 
George was also a life member of the Pocatello Elks 

Their first son, James Holden Edie, was born 
December 18, 1903, on the upper Medicine Lodge 
family ranch. 

"Jay" married Melba Shenton April 28, 1925, 
in Idaho Falls. To them one son was born, who died 
at birth, July 15, 1927, and one daughter, Reba Jean, 
born March 27, 1929. 

Jay and Melba purchased the family ranch in 
the early 1930s. George and Emma had moved into 
Dubois about 1928, after the election, where they also 
operated the Edie Hotel. George, as a Medicine 
Lodge Telephone Co. Director, set up a telephone 
operator system in one of the upstairs rooms. One of 
his operators was Lucille Garretson (Smith). Emma 
worked very hard to help manage the Edie Hotel in 
Dubois, before their retirement years. 

In 1942 the Edies sold their hotel and moved 
to Idaho Falls into the Millinery Apartments, where 
they spent their retirement years. 

"Zella". Melba. George. Maggie 

George had preceded her in death, December 
21, 1944. His funeral arrangements were with 
McHan and Buck Funeral Directors of Idaho Falls. 
Services were held in the Baptist church in Dubois 
with Rev. Tracy Gibson officiating. 

Emma Louisa Edie passed away October 2, 


The Dubois Cemetery is the burial place for 
Wilson and Edie family members. 



Rozillian "Zella" & Henry "Hank" 

Henry Edie was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, 
December 23, 1899, his wife, "Zella" was born in 
Rigby. His family lived on Medicine Lodge. He was 
one of three sons of Richard Joseph McGurie and 
Emma Louise Holden Wilson, and a stepson of 
George B. Edie's. He was just a small child when his 
father died; consequently, the only father he actually 
remembers was Geroge B. 

As a young man he was a cowboy. 

Henry "Hank" married Delia Rozilliah "Zella" 
Colson in 1926 in Dubois. The ceremony was 
preformed by Harry Ham. 

They moved to Salt Lake City where dad went 
to Barber College. After completing the course they 
moved to Salmon where he worked as a Barber a few 
years. However, dad still had the urge to come back 
home, so within a few years they moved back to the 
Medicine Lodge area and he worked at the C.A. 
Garrett ranch. 

They lived at Cedar Butte when I was about 
two years old. Bonita, my older sister, was about a 
year older than I was. Sometime later we moved to 
Kilgore. It was while we were living there that dad 
contacted typhoid fever, and before long Bonita came 
down with it too. So we had to return to Dubois 
while they got over it. 

1 was born in the Dubois Hotel- grandma 
Emma Edie delivered me. 

Dad farmed down on lower Medicine Lodge 
on the "Al" Colson ranch for quite a few years in the 
late 1930s. 

I believe Bonita was born in Salmon. My 
brother, Alvin, was also born in Dubois. There were 
several midwives in those days who came to the 
family home to help when a baby was to be delivered. 

Dad worked for Wood Live Stock Company 
for years. When living in Dubois he operated a dairy, 
milking the cows and selling the milk. He drove the 
mail route from Dubois out to Medicine Lt^dge to 
Winsper for several years. He drove the school bus 
on lower Medicine Lodge. He worked for the county 
and helped build roads up the canyon. 

Then, we later moved to Pocatello in 1942, 
and he became employed with the railroad there for a 
few years. In his later years he moved back to Idaho 
Falls, in 1951, and ran a hotel there till he died. 

Dad went to school in the first building that 
became the Edie School. It was Grandpa Edies old 
shop located down the hill west of the house. WTien 
they built the last school, located on the east side of 
the house, Henry worked for Al Colson and that's 
when he met mother. He was working as a cowboy 
for the Colson Cattle Company. This was possibly 
one of his first jobs as a young man. 

Aldon, my brother, lives in Salt Lake, where 
he is employed in a hospital. 

I, Dean, married Marion Atwcxxi. We live in 
Idaho Falls and have three sons: Randle. Roy and 
Jeffery. Randle married Shirleen KJingler, tliey have 
two sons. Our family enjoys coming to Medicine 
Lodge fishing and hunting. 

Our sister, Bonita and family lives in Canon 

City, Colorado. 



I, Bonita married Russell Leorurd Jewett from 
Nowman, Idaho, April 6. 1947 in L;is Vegas. Nevada. 

The first sch(H>l I attended was Medicii>e 
Lodge, when the folks managed Grandpa's tarm on 
lower Medicine LaKlge. My teacher wa> Mr. 

After I was married, my husband and I liM'd 
in Pocatello, Idaho, until he graduated trorn Pharmacy 
schiK)l in 1949. 

We first moved to Rawlias, Wyoming. Ii\i\l 
there for a little over 1 >ear, then i>' Pueblo. 



Bonita. "Hank". "Zella". Dean & Aldon 

Colorado for 12 years. We have since lived in Canon 
City, Colorado for 17 years where we operate the 
Jewett Drug Center. I have been the secretary and 
buyer for 29 years. 

My husband and I have raised three daughters. 
Linda Deniece Jewett Johnson was born November 8, 
1951. She is a registered Pharmacist and also married 
a registered Pharmacist, Kent G. Johnson, from 
Lowell, Wyoming. They were married March 31, 

Our second daughter, Julie Ann Jewett was 
born July 2, 1962. She graduated mid-year and was 
a student in Petroleum Engineering at the University 
of Wyoming. 

Daughter No. 3, Suzette Marie Jewett was 
born June 8, 1964. She graduated from Canon City 
High School. She was adopted into our home at the 
age of 4 months on October 17, 1964. 



Mrs. .Tames Edie & Daughter 

Mr. and Mrs. James Edie came to Dillon, 
Montana in the late 1870's or the early 1880's, from 
their native country, Scotland. Mr. Edie had an uncle, 
George E. Brown, quite an influential citizen, living 
in Dillon, Montana. Naturally Mr. and Mrs. Edie 
chose to make Dillon, quite a new and thriving city, 
their home, at least temporarily. As the years passed, 
Mr. and Mrs. Edie acquired property and a fine home 
in a choice section of Dillon in a city block that was, 
and still is, named "Edie Block". They also acquired 
a large hay ranch in an area known as "Horse Prairie" 
south and west of Dillon. James had a brother, 
George B. Edie, single and eager to follow in James' 
footsteps. He landed in New York from Scotland, and 
as George B. related to the writer many years later, 
and after George had established himself as a favorite 
citizen of Medicine Lodge Valley in Idaho, he said 
that he had taken a job on the farm of a German. 
George said, "A stingy son-of-a-gun, we ate oat meal 
mush three times a day as long as I work for him, and 
that was just long enough to earn money enough to 
come on west". 

Mr. and Mrs. Edie had a son named Johnnie, 
who died at a very young age. James Edie came to 
Medicine Lodge Valley looking for additional real 
estate, and found desirable farm lands all joining to 
Charles H. and Ida M. Leonardson on the west and 
south: the Hugh A. Colson 160 acres; the Joseph 
Dives 160 acres. He paid $1100.00 for the Colson 
homestead and $1200.00 for the Dives homestead. He 
also bought the Joseph Annear 160 acres, on which 
some land had been tilled, and with a log house of 
four rooms and a few small buildings common to all 
ranching operations. For the Annear 160 acres, 
according to the warranty deed record, he paid 
$6000.00; he bought also the Alfred Johnson 160 
acres patented 1 1-20-1890; and bought from Lewis H. 
Baker 160 acres. Mr. and Mrs. James Edie were now 
the proud owners of 800 acres of choice ranch land 
which was soon developed into an alfalfa hay ranch. 

George B. Edie, Jim's younger brother, was 
engaged as manager of this ranching operation. To 
add to the duties of brother George, James acquired a 
band of sheep. In those days, a band of sheep meant 
around 3000 head, as lush forage was in abundance 

George B. employed a fine and competent 
family to manage the ranch work, such as tilling, 
planting, irrigating and as over-seer of haying 
operations, Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Archibald. They 


had come to Medicine Lodge from Utah. When the 
Archibalds arrived in the valley they had three 
children: a daughter Mary, two sons, Tommy and 
Johnny. The Archibald children matched the three 
sons of Charles H. and Ida M. Leonardson in 
ages—Arthur and Mary, Roy D. and Tommy, Carl F. 
and Johnny. Since the two families were good 
friends, Mr. and Mrs. James Edie spent some time 
each summer on the Medicine Lx)dge ranch, and the 
Edie and Leonardson families were also friends and 
neighbors. Mr. and Mrs. James Edie had now a sweet 
and dear little daughter, Mary, who was adored by all 
who knew her. Little Mary and I were about the 
same age, six or seven years. I looked forward each 
year to having little Mary as a playmate. We were 
like brother and sister. Suddenly dear Mary passed 
away and much to my sorrow, could no longer come 
to play. A lady who lived in Dillon, a friend of the 
Edie family, wrote a beautiful poem in memory of 
Mary. Mrs. Edie was kind and thoughtfully sent me 
a copy of the poem which I read over and over 
during the following years. 


Mrs. L. M. Lamkin 

I was dumb. I opened my mouth for thou 
didest it. 

There's a dear, sweet girl who is missing 
tonight Yet she was with us a few days ago. No 
doubt she is singing with the angels so bright. 
Tliough her dear, precious form lies so low. There's 
a place in our hearts none but Mary can fill. Dear 
little sister, daddy and me. The young flying feet are 
silent and still. Oh: We wonder, sometimes, can it 
be. There's a dear loving voice that could sing; 
Oh so sweet, which has sung its last warble below. 
But we must wait the summons, dear Mary to meet. 
When such beautiful flowers ever grow. 

The flowers that are brightest soon fade from 
our sight. And God often chooses our fireside to 
blight. Yet we know when clouds darken a fair April 
sky, there will be sunshine to cheer us by and by. 

Let us look up where she is happy with God. 
Not down in the grave beneath the cold sod. And be 
ready to meet her forever to dwell, Where there is no 
sorrow, and all shall be well." 

When I am in Dillon or just passing through, 
I often think of little Mary Edie and wondered Just 
where the James Edie home was located. It is still my 
hope that I may sometime see the home that was the 

residence of the James Edie family. 

A few years later Mr. and Mrs. Edie had 
another daughter, Margaret. Mrs. Edie passed away 
when Margaret was a mere infant. Margaret married 
Doyle Gordon, whom she later divorced. She then 
married Harry Relling. While wintering in Arizona in 
1959, a nephew of James Edie, (son of George B. 
Edie), Jay and his good wife, Melba, drove my wife, 
Leah, and me to Phoenix, Arizona, where we visited 
at the home of Margaret and Harry Relling. It thrilled 
me to meet and visit with another of the James and 
Margaret Edie generation. 

At the ranch, "Tom" Archibald and his 
employer, George B., harvested the alfalfa hay. A 
contract was entered into with Donnis Brower from 
the Snake River Valley to bring at least a part of a 
haying crew to stack the hay. This meant going into 
the field, pitch fork in hand, to load large shocks of 
new mown hay, which was sometimes loaded uith 
grasshoppers, onto a hay wagon. The man on the hay 
rack spread the hay evenly until the wagon and rack 
were piled high. Then he went off to the stack yard 
where the hay was unloaded, usually by Jackson or 
Harpoon fork, to build a hay stack that often reached 
a height of 30 to 35 feet and was brought to a 
beautiful tapering top by competent men known as 
"stackers". What a contrast to present methods used 
at the present date, 1977! 

During the haying operation, one summer or 
fall, one of the Donnis Brower employees broke his 
leg. This presented a real problem since the nearest 
doctor or hospital was some fifty miles distant from 
the scene of the accident. "Tom" Fayle, a local young 
man, solved the problem. He recalled that "Steve" 
Green, a Medicine L<xlge family man, who was 
running a mower down the field a ways, was known 
to be handy at many tasks. "Steve." who was called 
"Paddy" by all his friends and neighbors, when told of 
the accident said he couldn't go as greasy and dirty as 
he was. "Tom" solved the problem by offering his 
clothes. Tom was small compared to "Paddy." but 
Tom forced his coat on "Paddy's" large shoulders and 
perched his hat on "Paddy's" head. "Paddy." as the 
tale was related by tliose present, was a sight to 
behold. When Paddy appri>ached llie injured man. the 
p(K)r fellow glanced at "Paddy" and >elled,"My Cnvl. 
you're not a doctor, are you""! "P.iddy" retorted. 
"No, but I'll Just have to do till we can either fix you 
up or dig up a doctor". With tlie aid of two pieces 
from a picket fence and .some binder tuine "Paddy." 
with "Tom's" help, managed to .set and splint Uic 


victim's leg, and then promptly sent him to Idaho 
Falls by train where a neater repair job was done. 

Donnis Brower stacked the alfalfa hay on the 
James Edie ranch year after year by contract, until 
they sold out to J. Winfield Spiers, of the Ogden, 
Utah area. The warranty deed from James and 
Margaret Edie to J. Winfield Spiers recited a 
consideration of $25,000 which was probably much 
less than the actual sale price. 

I am reminded of another near tragedy that 
occurred on the James Edie ranch during the haying 
season one summer. Both Robert W. Waring and his 
brother, Joe, were employed by Donnis Brower with 
other men in the hay stacking operation. Joe Waring 
was in charge of a team of horses during the haying. 
One noon as he finished his dinner he announced, 
"I'm going to rope, tie, harness and break that 
beautiful wild horse out in the corral". As long as I 
was right there on the spot, quite naturally, I followed 
Joe to the corral. He roped the black horse and in 
doing so the lariat rope, by some unexplained quirk, 
formed a double half-hitch around both of Joe's 
ankles. He was promptly thrown to the ground by the 
running horse and was being dragged around and 
around the corral. Joe called for help and I ran 
toward the kitchen where the other men of the hay 
crew were still at the table. Fortunately, the kitchen 
being not more than fifty yards fi-om the corral, Joe's 
call for help was heard. All hands came running to 
Joe's aid. Three or four of the men latched on to the 
lariat rope between the lunging horse and "Joe's" 
bedraggled body and brought the horse under control 
quite quickly and released Joe from the entanglement. 
Fortunately, "Joe" not much more than shook up and 
was soon on the way to complete that which he had 
attempted. My heels took me at my top speed toward 
the Leonardson home to report the near tragedy to my 

Another incident that I consider worthy of 
mention: At sheep shipping time for the James Edie 
operation the railroad shipping point was quite a 
distance from the grazing area of North Cottonwood 
and North Indian Creek. James took a few men, a 
conmiissary, and a sheep wagon to make the trailing 
to the rail road a leisurely feeding move. One of the 
men on the job, by the name of Durante, always 
carried a Bible with him which he read at every 
opportunity. One of the other men on the drive said 
to Mr. Edie, "That Durante reads the Bible a lot, 
don't he"? Mr. Edie retorted, "By Good it wouldn't 
hurt you to read the Bible". James Edie in using the 

good as a by word gave it the "goo" sound. This 
incident gives us a glimpse of the character of this fine 
and enterprising gentleman, James Edie. 

James and Margaret Edie, having disposed of 
their ranch and sheep, returned to Dillon and their fine 
home to relax and more or less enjoy the fruits of 
their endeavors. A year or so later the Edie's decided 
to return to Scotland for a visit. They arrived in New 
York City by train, planning to take a boat or rather 
an ocean liner to Scotiand. Fate stepped in and Mr. 
Edie came down seriously ill with pneumonia, and 
after a short illness, passed away in the great city 
many miles from home. Mrs. Edie, though broken 
hearted, managed to bring her husband's remains to 
their home in Dillon for burial near their three 
children, Mary, Johnny and Margaret. 

After Mr. Edie passed away, Mrs. Edie still 
made Dillon her home. George B. Edie kept in touch 
with Mrs. Edie. Nothing seems to be definitely known 
as to the time of Mrs. James Edie's death. 



Jav. Kim. "Bob". Reba. Kelly. Melba 

An early day homesteader, George B. Edie, 
filed on his upper Medicine Lx)dge holdings in 1883. 
He was the father of James "Jay" Holden Edie. 
"Jay" was born on the family ranch located on upper 
Medicine Lodge, December 18, 1903, the son of 
George B. and Emma L. Holden Wilson Edie. "Jay" 
grew up in the canyon, receiving his schooling at Edie 
and Dubois schools. While going to school in Dubois, 
he and brother, "Art" stayed at Dr. 
Meekers. Meekers, as well as the boys, slept in the 
back of the Drug Store. Later Meeker built the new 

When the boys wanted to go to a dance from 


the ranch, their dad would never let them ride a broke 
saddle horse. In Dubois they put their horses in the 
Thomas Livery Stable. 

"Jay" and I, Melba Shenton Waring, were 
married in Idaho Falls April 28, 1925. 

I was born January 26, 1906 at Rexburg, 
Idaho, the youngest child of Will and Jenny Shenton. 
Our family previously lived in Spanish Fork, Utah, 
where brothers, HoUis Shenton and Wells Shenton 
were born. Our parents separated, thus Jenny Shenton 
moved her young boys to Rexburg, where I, Melba, 
was soon born. Wells died at a young age as a result 
of drinking lye, while in Utah. 

Mother worked as a dressmaker in Rexburg. 
It was after we moved to Idaho Falls that mother met 
and married Robert Waring, and our family moved to 
Lewisville. Mr. Waring had six children by a 
previous marriage, later he and Jenny had two 
additional children, C. Blaine and Afton (Lowe), 

I obtained my first schooling at the Cedar 
Butte School in the sinks of Medicine Lodge, where 
mother and my stepfather, Robert and Jenny Waring 
homesteaded. Harry Stone was my school teacher. 
After World War I, our family spent a couple of 
winters in Pocatello, returning to the dry farm in the 
summers. I thus obtained some schooling at Dubois. 
We lived for a time on the Leonardson ranch, where 
mother and I cooked for many hired men. 

While at Medicine Lodge I attended regular 
church services at the schoolhouse and also taught a 
class. When "Jay" and I decided to be married the 
congregation gave me a bible for helping with the 
classes, which I still have. 

"Jay" and I were married April 28, 1925 at 
Idaho Falls by Bishop Brunt at the first Ward LDS 
Church. Henry Edie was as our Best Man. 

We took an old Model T Ford to Salt Lake 
City on our honeymoon. That car broke down and 
took all our money to repair it. While in Salt Lake 
City we spent sometime with Aunt Rose Holden. 

We moved to the Lee Owens home place on 
Weber Creek; later we sold our cows and moved into 

"Jay" worked in the Dubois Garage for 
"Charley" Curtis, and we lived in a little apartment in 
back of the present Rasmussen Hotel. Later we 
entered a short partnership in the same business with 
Ren Willes. 

We lost our first child, a son, born at the 
Idaho Falls Spencer Hospital, July 15, 1927. Harriet 
Winsper (Shenton) was working there. 

Ranching was calling "Jay" back to the Edie 
family ranch, consequently we sold some of our 
interests and made the move back to the Edie ranch in 
Upper Medicine Lodge, which we purchased in about 
1929. We moved into the main ranch house and 
commenced to run the ranch. Soon we bought the 
Howard Ellis ranch and obtained the Warm Creek 

Grandpa and Grandma Edie chose to move 
into Dubois. They purchased a business, the Edie 
Hotel, located on main street in the Clark building. 
Grandpa was named Probate Judge. Eventually they 
sold out and moved to Idaho Falls to make their final 

I spent plenty of time in the saddle working 
cattle at the ranch, and was "Jay's" right hand man in 
the hay field, and feeding our Hereford cattle in the 
winter by team and sleigh 

In 1929 hard times hit, the banks were closed 
and nobody had any money. Ericksons and Pykes 
of Dubois, were real good friends of Edies. The 
Dubois I*yke family are the originators of Pyketts 
clothing store in Salt Lake City. 

Our second child, a daughter, Reba Jean, was 
born March 27, 1929, just after we went back to the 
ranch. I was supposed to have been in Idaho Falls, 
but we had been snowed in, so she was bom at my 
mother's house in Dubois, delivered by Dr. Jones. 
Harriet Winsper stayed with me for ten days, while 1 
was convalescing. 

My folks moved into Dubois and dad had the 
Dubois-Winsper mail route for a number of years. 

Reba went to schcxil at the Edie schcxij until 
the eighth grade. Howard Ellis and Vivian Rohs<in 
Stelzer were teachers. Vivian lived with us in a little 
apartment in the back of our house. \VTiile teaching 
here she met her future husband, "Tom" Stelzer. 

The main winter social events were our 
"house card and dinner parties". These were 
continued and enjoyed until we left the ranch. 

They held dances at the Edie schixil. There 
was an organ in the schixil. "Jay" played the mouih 
organ, someone played a violin, and I corded the 
organ. In the winter when we would go visit our 
neighbors. "Jay" would pull Reha anJ mo nn ihc 
sleigh behind his siiddle'. 

We had a hand turning washer wiili a scrub 
board, and a wash with a Kuler. l^ter we got 
an updated Maytag Gas washer, but "my. oh. my!"--it 
was hard starting. When \^f were first married wc 
packed all our water. Later "Jay" put a sink in. S4i the 



water could at least run out. It was when we got the 
electricity that we remodeled our house. Then we put 
in our bathroom. 

We had a hand cranked telephone, when I was 
first married, for many years. Almost everyone on 
the creek had one~and all on the same line. 

We always planned on picking gooseberries, 
wild currants, and chokecherries, during the summer 
and fall months. Then, we'd make jams and jellies 
with them. We raised chickens, turkeys, ducks, and 
geese. "Jay" didn't care for the geese, for when they 
run through the hay field they would flatten it all out. 
We also canned lots of chickens and beef, had corned 
beef and raised our own pigs and cured our own meat. 
When the fryer's were ready, I would brown them, 
put them in bottles and pressure cook them in bottles. 
We had our own eggs; however, we kept only enough 
for our own use and sold the rest. We also sold some 
of our chickens and turkeys. 

We had some awfully dry years. The fields 
would have big cracks in them~we had to buy hay, 
this was mostly in 1930. After that we had some 
good years. It was wet and the cattle prices came 
back up. 

We put the cattle on the forest in July, and 
then would routinely take them off in October. 

We expected to be snowed in after 
Thanksgiving until about April. In those earlier years, 
you didn't expect the roads to be open. You planned 
to be snowed in and you planned your winter food 
supply ahead. "Jay" carried the mail twice a week to 
Argora. Sometimes he stayed at Smalls all night and 
he always brought groceries back; of course during 
the winter months, his route was carried by team and 

He was on the Edie school board and was 
president of the Medicine Lodge Cattlemen's 
Association. Several years he also rode for the 
Medicine Lodge Cattlemen's Association, as well as 
being a member for 19 years. He was a State 
Director of the Idaho Cattlemen's Association, a 
member of the U.S. Forest Service Advisory Board of 
St. Anthony, and a member of the Clark County Stock 
Growers Association. 

On the ranch we raised hay (some wild and 
some alfalfa) for our cattle and other livestock. We 
were limited as to the number of cattle we could run 
on Taylor Grazing. We put up hay with nets, then an 
overshot, a beaverslide and finally a baler. We 
bought more range to increase our permit. 

I helped "Jay" outside until Reba was bom. 

then as soon as she could fit in a saddle, she helped 
her dad also. 

"Jay" was sick a lot with a bad leg. Even 
after Reba was married she came back and helped us 
at the ranch. 

"Jay" changed work with Francis Williams, 
Sam Clark, and also Frank Kenson, who came from 
a large family, and was Howard Ellis wife's brother. 

The men timbered in the winter, getting out 
what fence post and fuel they would need. "Jay" got 
the wood from up Weber Creek, at first using only a 
cross cut saw. Later we got a buzz saw. When we 
first went to the ranch "Jay" had around four head of 
work and saddle horses. We sold all the time to horse 

We were fortunate to be among the few that 
had lights in the house, as Grandpa Edie had a gas 
motor setup. A spring ran next to the house, so he 
built a "spring house". It was joined to the house by 
a hallway. We kept our milk, cream, butter and other 
foods there, and they didn't freeze. 

When it came time for Reba to attend high 
school, I stayed in Dubois with Mable Gauchay and 
her daughter, Joy, at the Wilson Motel. 

Reba took dancing lesson in Dubois from Mr. 
K. Dean Larson. He drove up from Idaho Falls to 
give lessons to quite a few students of the area. 

After graduating from the Dubois High 
School, Reba continued her education at Utah State at 
Logan, Utah, 

Reba became the wife of Robert "Bob" 
Thomas of Dubois. They joined us, her parents, in 
the ranching business at Medicine Lodge. They were 
the parents of two sons, Kelly and Kim. Our 
grandsons are now married and have their own 

One of my favorite past times was painting. 
I particularly enjoyed painting scenery pictures of the 
Medicine Lodge Canyon. I like to find old saws to 
paint scenes on. I spent much time crocheting and 
knitting, also. I have made countless afghans, most of 
which I have given away. 

We owned and operated the ranch, raising 
stock cattle until 1958, when we sold the ranch to 
Clifton May, and retired, due to poor health. The 
first years "Jay" and I purchased a trailer and moved 
into Dubois. We kept our cattle at Frederiksen, who 
fed them that winter. "Jay" and I moved to Salmon, 
Idaho where our daughter, Reba, and son-in-law, 
"Bob" Thomas, and two boys, had purchased a cattle 


"Jay" and I spent a number of years wintering 
in Mesa, Arizona. We had a mobile home at the 
Silver Spur Trailer Court. In Salmon we purchased a 
summer home. Each winter a group from this area 
headed "South" for the winter months to the Mesa, 
Arizona area—who included: "Tom" and Eunice 
Clark, Stacy and Helen Bond, Carl and Leah 
Leonardson. Also living in Arizona was a former 
Warm Creek Forest Ranger, Larry Garner, and 
former resident, Veda Hoopes Lansberry and her 
husband. "Jay" passed away, following a lingering 
illness, August 8, 1967. He and our son are buried in 
the Dubois Cemetery. 

Melba was named the Clark County Rodeo 
"Pioneer Queen" in 1977. 

I continued to follow the same winter months 
pattern for several years; however, I now live in 
Salmon, Idaho near our daughter and family. 






Jes.s L. Edwards 

I was born in Blackfoot, Idaho November 10, 
1910 to Jess L. and Ida Matilda Bybee Edwards. I 
had one sister, Lela three years older than I and a 
brother, Clifford, three years younger. 

Vlriiil & Lela 

We moved to Idaho Falls, Idaho in 1915, built 
a home on North Boulevard, and started to school at 
Riverside. This was the time of the great flu 
epidemic; a lot of people died. We wore gauze masks 
and a stinking bag of asafetida around our necks. The 
fumes were supposed to kill the flu germ before it got 
to your nose. Well, I don't know about the flu bug, 
but the fumes sure were rough on my smeller. 
Anyhow I escaped the flu. 

In 1920, my father homesteaded 160 acres of 
dry farm five miles west of Lidy's Hot Springs and 
three miles north of Frank Reno's place. I shall never 
forget the trip out in that iron-tired, horse -drown 
wagon, with a hay rack loaded with plows and 
personal effects. I think we kids walked most of the 
75 miles to keep from riding on that bone crushing, 
lurching wagon jolting over gravel roads. It took us 
three days. When we pulled up in front of our new 
home it was not exactly encouraging, I could see 
Mother's face showing resignation. We had left a 
good home in Idaho Falls, for 160 acres of gravely 
soil that didn't even grow good sage over part of it. 
The house and out buildings father had purchased 
from a discouraged, fleeing farmer. The house was a 
single room 18' X 20', built out of logs. It had a few 
crude cupboards and a sheet iron stove, with a dirt 
floor on the kitchen part and board fl(X)rs on the 
bedroom side. We moved the furniture inside and 
Mother soon had supper cooking. The chickens were 
put in a small house, in the bottom of a big dry wash 
to protect them from the incessant wind, which later 
proved to be a mistake. Father seeded it in wheat, 
and then went to work for Frank Reno and came home 
on weekends. It would amuse my brother Clifford 
and me when at night, before going to bed Father 
would turn down the covers and inspect the bed for 
snakes. One night a mouse slipped and fell right into 
Papa's face; he was out of bed in a tlash A few 
nights later we got our turn, there was a big pack rat 
in our bed. 

Rattlesnakes were a great concern. Pop 
banked around the house with 18 inches of din to keep 
them from getting underneath, which turned out to be 
a good thing. 

One day Lela, Clifford, and I were playing in 
the big dry wash. It was a clear day. except tor some 
clouds in the nortli. We kept hearing a rumbling noise 
up tlie wash. It was getting louder all tlie time. 
Firuilly we Kniked up and here was a wall of water 
four or five fcxit high coming down tlie wash. We just 
had time to scramble out of its patli. There were the 


chickens floating on nests all over. 

Clifford and I didn't have much to amuse 
ourselves with, so we would use a horse blanket for a 
sail on the buggy. We used a rope to keep the 
sheaves off the ground and scooted across the flat 
prairie with the wind, until we hit a wash. Then we 
would trudge home for a horse to pull us out. 

Pop had nailed. the old outhouse to the barbed 
wire fence and post to keep it from blowing over. 
One day during a fierce wind, I had to go out to the 
chicken coop for eggs. The path ran right past the 
outhouse. I made it out alright, but on the way back 
I had my head down, leaning into the wind, and just 
as I got to the outhouse a gust of wind hit tearing it 
loose from the fence. Before I could move, it bowled 
me over, hitting me in the head. I didn't come to 
until I was in the house. 

The crop my father planted never amounted to 
much. As soon as a blade of wheat started, a hungry 
rabbit or squirrel ate it off. The jacks were very thick 
that year. There were also lots of sage chickens, but 
Father was a stickler to obey the law and wouldn't kill 
one if he was starving to death. 

There was a large two-story house, a nice 
barn and a windmill that pumped water for us. Some 
company from Utah had dug large canals all over the 
desert miles to he south of us and started a land boom 
at the start of World War I, promising water to 
farmers. At the time we were there, most 160 acre 
parcels in the area had a fair home on them; all of 
them abandoned until you got to the New Monteview 
or Mud Lake shores. 

After proving up on a place, the law required 
that if you left, you had to leave a stove, table, bed, 
etc., so in many cases you could move back. The bed 
covers were turned down, the table was set for two, 
you could even tell tiiey had eggs and bacon for 
breakfast. They had eaten and got on their horses or 
car and left, never to return. 

When we moved we took the bedding etc. 
We came back several years later to see how tilings 
were and our home was gone, and all tiie otiiers were 
gone also, who got tiiem? The furniture was hauled 
out by a fellow who sold it in Salt Lake City. 

Before we moved out tiiere. Pop had bought 
a saddle horse to ride and pull tiie buggy. He was a 
tall rangy sorrel about 20 years old. He had a 
backbone like a picket fence, an ugly head, mean eyes 
and a disposition to match. There were two tilings he 
hated, number one was kids and tiie second was 
pulling a buggy. When I tried to ride him he would 

just mope along and if I used a switch on him to speed 
him up, he'd turn his ugly head and glare at me and 
show his teeth and sometimes would try to bite, so I'd 
kick him in die nose. One day I rode him to Lidy Hot 
Springs. I was trying to get him off a slow walk 
when an old cowpoke walked over and said, "Sonny 
that horse was broke to ride with spurs." I told 
Father what he had said and father promised me a pair 
of spurs first trip to Dubois. In tiie meantime I got to 
thinking and went in the shed and took two shingle 
nails and drove one in the heel of my shoes and cut 
tiiem off so they would protrude about 1/8" or so and 
climbed on Old Bill. I got all set and said giddup and 
at the same time I clapped my heels into his bonny old 
ribs. The results were no less than fantastic. Old Bill 
reared up pawing the air then took off like he was jet 
propelled, flying across the sage brush with me 
hanging by my finger tips to tiie sur-single down his 
bouncing rump. I didn't dare let go, it would have 
killed me. I finally got him to circle and stopped him 
in the yard, being careful not to touch him with my 

Finally Father got a chance to go to Dubois 
with Frank Reno, in a Model T Ford. In that twenty- 
five miles they fixed seven flat tires. He had the long 
awaited spurs when he got home. I put them on and 
mounted Old Bill; the results were more than hoped 
for, his head was up, as he pranced down the road in 
good gate. I never had to use the spurs, I guess the 
jingle was enough. 

When tiie fall work was done, we moved into 
a house across for the school house. It was painted an 
ugly brown, but most important of all it had a well 
tiiat had to be pumped by hand. We brought a pig 
over with us. We didn't have a pen for him, so he 
ran loose and played with the dog. 

Pop always made friends with the animals. 
Well, Thanksgiving was coming and we didn't have 
any meat, and Pop wouldn't eat a jackrabbit if he was 
starving to death, so we had to have tiiat pig killed. 
It was obvious Pop couldn't do it so we hired Mr. 
Nielson to do tiie job. After the ghastiy deed was 
done and Thanksgiving rolled around. Mom had a nice 
roast all done up with potatoes and gravy, dressing 
and the works on tiie table. The blessing was said and 
we kids sat there waiting for Pop to start the meal. 
His face was kinda white. He gulped a couple of 
times and his prominent adams apple bobbed up and 
down in his tiiin neck. Suddenly he burst out, "I can't 
do it! I can't eat him! Its just like eating a friend." 

Our school teacher was Mr. Green; he quit. 


Then a Mr. Antone Pederson came. The only pupils 
I remember were the Nielsen's, Alonzo, Bertha, and 
Zenna, Bruce Rising, and Joseph Boshevt, 

In the winter they held dances in the school 
house, dancing until dawn. Music supplied by the 
local talent. Mr. Boshevt played the piano or the 
violin or sang with equal dexterity. A very talented 
man, he could howl or yodel like a pack of coyotes 
until you couldn't tell the difference, and I heard them 
all of the time. 

One winter morning Pop found a large black 
stallion in the yard. We put water in a tub for him to 
drink. We fed him a little hay, not having much to 
spare, but to no avail; we found him dead later on. 
When Frank Reno found out about the stallion, he was 
very upset. They had looked all over for the horse, 
he had paid $900.00 for it and had him shipped here 
from back east. 

After school was out we moved back to the 
homestead. One day Pop crawled under the house to 
see what was growling under there, he came scooting 
out backwards, saying there was two large yellow eyes 
staring at him. 

We returned home one day to find a large 
Canadian Lynx hanging on the fence. It had been 
killed by Mr. Reno. 

One day, on. arriving home, we caught a man 
jumping out the window. He jumped on his horse and 
rode away with Pop's new shoes and his valuable coin 
collection he had been gathering for years. 

We lived on the homestead less than two years 
then moved back to Idaho Falls, where I continued my 
education with two years of high school. 

During the depression, I worked in the timber 
at Island Park cutting and hauling house logs, and 
telephone poles. 

I married Debra Neely in 1939. When World 
War II broke out, we had two children so the Army 
didn't want me. I did welding at Logan U.S.A.C, 
then to Oakland, California for four years, then out to 
the A.E.C. Site, and then for the Atlas Mechanical. 

Tragedy struck our two older boys. In 1958 
our second son, Ronnie, was killed in an auto 
accident. He left a wife and child. In 1959 our oldest 
son, Larry was killed in a car wreck on the same road 
just five miles from the previous accident. We have 
a son, James in Salt Lake City, a second son Dilbert 
in Boise, and a daughter in Idaho Falls. 

I have retired, and gone into lapidary work as 
a hobby, collecting and polishing rocks. It keeps me 
active and gets me out into the desert I've learned to 





"Gus" first came to Dubois as a young man. 
to visit his uncle, "Al" HendrlLsen, whom he hadn't 
seen since he was a kid. He said he traded ot't' his 
motorcycle for a Mcxlel T Ford to make the u-ip out 

Worchester. Massachusetts was where he was 
horn, September 2. I'XXi. The tamily moved to 
Sutton where his parents. Gottfried S. and .'\nn.i 
HenricLsen ELsyoni farmed. They milked aK^ut 128 
cows. "Gus" heifX'd his dad deliver milk, he UxA the 
horse and wagon, while his dad drove the old truck. 

Virgil & Dehra 


"Gus" started to schcx)! at Sutton in 1913, 
where he obtained his grade school education. 

There were six boys and two girls in our 
family. All of the boys served in the war, two of 
them I lost in the war. His sisters were: Mrs. 
Kenneth (Helen) Anderson and Mrs. Jean Miller of 

I left home August 1, 1926, arriving at Dubois 
parking in front of what is now the Rasmussen Hotel. 
"Doc" McVicker stopped there with a wagon load of 
supplies, headed for the Denning and Clark ranch. He 
was their camptender. He told me "Al" was up in the 
mountains at the Divide Creek cowcamp, but he would 
soon be leaving to start trapping. At the time Clay 
Colson was punching cows for the association. 

"Doc" left town in his wagon, with me 
following close behind on the old gravel road, headed 
for the Denning and Clark ranch, where we stayed for 
the night. "Bob" Chastain was the company foreman. 
Chastains lived in the house now owned by Orville 
and "Myrt" Williams. The Denning home was to the 
east, under the trees. Mrs. Chastain stuck her head 
out the door and asked me in to have supper and 
found me a place to sleep for the night. 

The next morning, "Doc" and I headed out on 
the bench, to Cold Springs, where he had a homestead 
and a wife. She told me I could sleep in the shed, 
which I shared with a number of cow hides. 

The following day I attempted to keep up 
horse back to reach "Al's" camp. He was riding an 
old, army McClellan saddle, a World War I saddle. 
When "Al" first seen me he said, "By golly kid, you 
look just like a drowned rat! Here I stayed with " Al" 
for quite a few years. "Al" being a government 
trapper, worked the areas of Mackay, Birch Creek, 
Bernice, and we rode horses everywhere. A tent was 
our home, both summer and winter. We had 
cupboards in there, floors, a bunk full of straw that 
was real comfortable, except when we'd get frozen 
coyotes and "Al" would put them in the bed and we'd 
lay with our feet on them to get them thawed, so we 
could skin them out. 

In the spring when Denning and Clark started 
to lamb, I went up there to work. I would work there 
in the summer and trap in the winter at Howe, for Jim 

I remember stopping at the Winsper Store to 
buy some cookies and other supplies. They had 
everything in their store. 

We set traps all over, averaging about, 35 or 
40 miles a day with pack horses. There were trap 

lines from Howe to Birch Creek, around the old 
Stoddard ranch and Reno Ranch, cutting across to the 
Denning and Clark ranch. We'd bring in 16 or 17 
coyotes every night—all skinned. We'd bring them 
home by hanging the hides on the saddle strings on 
both sides of the saddle. One fall we got 438 coyotes, 
all together. 

On this job we made many fiiends, some 
were: "Lee" Small, Mrs. Small; others I knew were 
P.T.Boguson, "Tom" Rainey, Charlie Howe, Charlie 
Hughey, Martin Coin, "Bill" Getus — they all worked 
for Denning and Clark. 

Denning and Clark was a big outfit, which run 
a lot of sheep, probably several thousand head at one 

Then there was the Wood Live Stock 
Company headquartered up by Spencer. I never 
worked for them, but helped move sheep a few time 
and knew Felix Martinez, Wiley Lyons and all those 
old fellows who worked there. 

"Andy" Quigley wanted me to go to Salmon 
to work for "Fred" Bruck, his nephew, so "Andy" and 
I headed up Birch Creek, over top to Salmon where I 
worked about five or six months. 

Eventually I migrated to Mackay working for 
the Taylor Bros, who run some 15 hundred head of 

One time I got about ten days off, so got my 
horse, Star, and another I called Cap--my bedroll and 
rode to Dubois. I'd stop and sleep wherever it got 
dark. There I visited a few days with uncle "Al", 
then headed back to my job. 

About 1934 or 1935, Andy Quigley, wrote me 
a letter wanting me to go over there and drive the mail 
on the passenger stage. 

"Tom" Benedict had the Benedict stage lines 
and they hauled express and passenger from Salmon to 
Mackay. Enoch Cox had another bus which came 
from Pocatello, he lived at Chubbuck. He called his 
line the Salmon River Stages. We'd meet at Mackay 
at the Corner Cafe. It eventually turned into one line. 
Anyway, I went over there and started driving. We 
had to make the same run everyday, I think I got 
Sixty dollars a week to drive from Salmon to Mackay 
and back, 210 miles a day with the mail sacks for all 
the ranches. 

We hauled newspapers and films for the 
theatres, ice cream in those big cartons with the 
insulation around them, even meat, from Swaggart's 
in Pocatello, for the stores. It was quite a deal. I 
drove there for many years and finally Enoch Cox 


bought Benedict's stage line out and made it all 
Salmon River Stages from Pocatello to Blackfoot to 
Arco, Darlington, Moore, Mackay, Challis and 
Salmon. It made connections with the Intermountain 
bus going to Missoula and Hamilton, Montana. 

I decided to throw in my hat to bus driving to 
join the U.S. Army. I got on a train coming from 
Butte, Montana. I sat down by a young fellow, who 
told me he was from Dubois. It was Walter Johnson, 
"Sid" Johnson's son. "Sid" was the Dubois Barber for 
years, with his shop in the north-west corner of 
Laird's garage. Walter was a nice fellow —he was a 
big, tall man with a bushy head of hair. Sometime 
later Water was killed while serving in the service. 
Some of the Small family were on the bus too. 

We all went straight to Ft. Douglas. Basic 
training was soon over-- we didn't fool around. The 
Sergeant called me into the office, I thought. Oh, what 
have I done now. He told me that I belong in the 
motor pool, then I became a sergeant, or a motor pool 
sergeant, and had charge of some 52 trucks and jeeps 
and weapon carriers. Our troops went on to 
Kentucky, to Camp Shanks, New York, then shipped 
out to Scotland, "the Firth of Clyde", they called it. 
They unloaded us into a big black train, and we got 
off in Carington, England. 

Until the 28th May we were getting ready for 
the invasion. It was the night of the 5th or so, and 
Eisenhower was there and he was standing on the tail 
gate of one of my trucks telling us about D-Day. 

Several of the fellows I knew were killed right 
away, but we just kept going. When we got out in the 
water on the morning of D-Day there were hundreds 
and hundreds of ships there just firing and firing. We 
kept moving on up. 

We lost a lot of men at Normandy Beach. We 
just got on the beach and I looked back and saw the 
boat I'd been on, it was called the Benjamin J. Haskin 
No. 499. I kK)ked back just in time to see her go 
down— lots of guys didn't get off that one. We kept 
going and got into Belgium, then went through 

I received the Bronze Spearhead for 
Normandy and five Bronze Stars for the different 
campaigns and two Purple Hearts. 

One time on Normandy Beach there were 
German's flying in there all the time dropping shells. 
The big guns were right up in front of us. Those 
German's were blowing ships and everything witli 
men hanging on them. We had captured lots ot 
German prisoners there. They were getting on boats 

and being sent to England and lots of them had big 
brushes they were using to scrub the blood off of the 
stretchers. If you walked towards one of them he'd 
think you were going to slit his throat-they were 
really scared. Everything was real nasty. 

We got caught in the bulge, and they pretty 
nearly cleaned us out and kicked us way back. Fatten 
came and got us out. We were there for six days and 
nights. Nobody knows how we got out of there 
because they were really firing big shells. We were 
in an old cemetery. 

There were lots of booby traps, they would 
drop watches or pencils that the boys would pick up, 
and get blown to pieces. Our boys would come to an 
old house and rush in to grab things. I'd tell them to 
not touch anything, and to throw a rock in before 
entering. When a rock was thrown in a whole wall 
would blow out. The water was all poisoned, so we 
couldn't drink any German water. Big C47s would 
fly in and drop big bales of clothes. However, a lot 
of these the Germans would get first. 

While we were out there I met General Patton, 
General Hodges and General Bradley. We were 
getting ready to shell St. Lowell and I met my 
youngest brother, I had seen for a long time. He was 
in another outfit and we could only talk a few 

Finally we ended up in Pilson, Czechoslovakia 
air field. Unknown to us, one of our men jumped in 
and took off in one of their planes. He sailed right 
down over the top of us and one of the fellows on the 
ground shot him down. The captain wanted us to tell 
who shot him, but we didn't. 

We went down to Nurenburg, where they 
were hanging all those guys. One of the guys tixik a 
pill and died before they could hang him. We worked 
down to Lahar, France, and finally were shipped 
home, landing in Boston, Massachuttes. I'SA. We 
came on an LCT (Landing Craft Tank) not near as 
nice as the boat we had gone over on. The next day 
we got into Boston and went to Camp Miles Stindish. 
I was in charge of all the men going to Ft. Donovan. 

My sister lived just about six minutes from 
Camp, but they wouldn't give me permission to call 
her. We were going west and they'd let us call out 
west, but they thought it was t(HiIish tn call anyone sti 


I gt)t home for Christmas ot l^)4(i after tlie 
war. 1 went to driving bus again atter hc\n^ 
discharged. 1 drove until 1956 and decided I'd had 
enough oi listening to jvopie crying aN>ut different 


things, so decided I wanted to get out in the mountains 

S0--I worked for "Charhe" Lau, who bought 
a ranch on Medicine Lodge and also had range in 
Middle Creek. I'd go to California and he'd buy 
lambs and ship them down to me in California, where 
I had pasture for them. I had Mexican crews and 
they'd do the fencing. When the lambs got to 
California from Idaho, we'd unload them and put the 
in the pastures. 

Mr. Benefield had big ranch down there and 
he'd help me find pasture all over~around Blythe and 
Ripley, California. 

I guess I worked for seven or eight years and 
then "Charlie" was getting ready to sell out, so I quit. 

"Ab" Laird asked me to come help him, so I 
did. I thought it would be nice to go up next to 
Yellowstone Park and tend camp. I worked here 
April, 1962-1965 as camptender and foreman. 

Then I worked for Phyllis Laird for awhile as 
camptender and foreman from June 1965 to 1967. 

"Bud" Rasmussen wanted me to go out to the 
U. S. Sheep Experiment Station, so that's where I 
ended up in April 1967. I worked there until I retired 
at age 65, September 2, 1972. 

The Station has changed a lot. When I was 
there we just had a few fellows that did a lot of jobs. 
Some of these were: Horace Frederiksen, "Milt" 
Thompson, Harry Dunn, Lowell Wilson and "Kenny" 
Frederiksen. In those sheds outside it was nothing at 
all for one man to take care of the lambing. I used to 
go from one shed to another and take care of them, 
Horace and Harry, would help out. I did all the 
skinning and everything during lambing. The 

camptender is only supposed to work 40 hours a week 
now. I used to work twenty hours a day. I couldn't 
leave a sheepherder half way between here and the 
mountains and say, "I can only work so long, I have 
to go home. "I'd throw my bedroll down on the 
ground at night and stay right with him. Sometimes 
it was 11 or 12 o'clock at night before I could go to 
bed. We had to keep the sheep moving and round 
them up and watch them. It's all different now. 

The 1981 Ratdesnake Fire really was bad for 
the station. It effected their grazing. They went 
down to the Bernice Allotment in Blackfoot for needed 
feed. Charles Law used to go down that way too. 

I enjoyed working with the people at the 
Station, including the Director, Dr. Donald A. Price. 

I was on the State payroll under Kenneth 
Frederiksen until I got to be 65 years of age. Then 

Ken and Don were able to hire me through the 
Federal payroll for six months every year. My ticker 
started bothering me and I had to quit. 

I was a member of the Veterans of Foreign 
Wars at Pocatello, Salmon, Dubois and helped to 
organize the Post at Mud Lake. 

I've been active in the Dubois Community 
Baptist Church. My job has been to water the lawn, 
Stan Housholder keeps it mowed. 

However, I continued to enjoy life and keep 
puttering around and having birthdays. 

I helped "Billy" Frederiksen down at his ranch 
after I retired. We built some fence, hauled hay, and 
always had a good time. 

I started going with Mary Doschades and on 
November 6, 1967 we were married in Boise. Orville 
and Myrtle Williams got married just two days before 
we did, on November 4. We made our home in 

"Mary Ekstrom passed away February 14, 
1980 at Idaho Falls. She is buried in Dubois. 

Gus passed away at the age of 80, January 21 , 
1987, in the veterans hospital in Salt Lake City. 
Interment was in the Dubois Cemetery. 



"Art" & Eleanore 
I, Arthur Merton Ellis, was born in Dubois on 
17 September 1916, the oldest of five children born to 
Bill and Mayme Ellis. Dr. C. E. Jones attended my 
birth. I lived in Medicine Lodge Canyon until I was 
six - I recall riding from my Grandad's place (Lewis 
Ellis ranch now owned by George and Fay Whittaker) 
on horseback up to the school house on Edie Creek on 
a horse named Polo, and I didn't get there until the 
afternoon recess. Then I stayed during the week with 
the school teacher and her family for my first few 
weeks of school in the first grade. 


We moved to Dubois after that. Dad ran a 
livery stable and dray service at the big red barn that 
was next to Joe Pollock's blacksmith shop. We lived 
in the house next to the barn. This house is still there 
and being lived in 1981 by Mr. and Mrs. Myron 
Rammell. We lived there until I graduated from High 
SchfK)l in 1933 and the family then moved to Spencer 
for a short while. 

Dad ran a bar and I hauled moonshine 
whiskey from Monida, Montana in the rumble seat of 
a Model A Ford. Prohibition ended about then and 
put an end to the bar. 

We moved back to Dubois the next fall. 1 
believe it was during the ensuing winter I helped dig 
up the old wooden water pipes and replace them with 
metal ones. Th\s was done on a W.P.A. project with 
Lavant Doschades in charge. This was during the 

The following year, 1934, 1 Joined the C.C.C. 
at White Valley near Challis, Idaho. About New 
Year, 1935, we moved the camp down on the main 
Salmon River at the mr)uth of Big Creek just above 
the mouth of the Middle Fork. I got out of the C's in 
June and was able U) get a job on the Clark County 
road crew; most of the summer was spent in the 
Camas Meadows area. The crew consisted of Johnny 
Oweas, in charge, Orville Williams, with his wife 
Millie, doing the cooking. Jay Albano and myself. 
The quipment we u.sed was rather primitive by today's 

That fall I again joined the CCC's and spent 
the winter in a camp on Lake in northern Idaho 
- 1 recall we worked outside when the temperature was 
30 below and more - not much fun. The depression 
was still on and jobs were hard V) find. 

TTie main thing I remember alx)ut 1936 was 
stacking hay on the Hazelbahr spread near Wisdom, 
Montana in the Big Hole. There were five men on the 
stack-S and using beaver slides. We put up four U) five 
stacks a day - nine hours f(jr $3.00 and grxxJ fed 
beef to eat. Other hands on mowers, etc., were only 
paid $1.50 per day. That fall Tuffy Ruffner and I 
hauled many truck loads r)f grain out of Camas 
Meadows for Bill GarreLv)n to the elevator in Dubois 
that he ran for many years. 

Of course during these pretty lean years we all 
had plenty of spare time for hunting and fishing, and 
depended on wildlife for a lot of our food. Deer, 
antelope, trout and sage chickeas were always 
especially plentiful, and we usually got what we 
needed, regardless of the game laws, which were 

pretty lax then. One hunt I will never forget tfK)k 
place in the fall of 1937. "Tuffy" Webster and I 
decided tf) check on the antelope out on Birch Creek. 
We drove out and located a herd of three or four 
hundred. I got out of the car and laid in some 
sagebrush and "Tuffy" .sp<K)ked them by close to me. 
I fired four shots from a 30.06 intf) the herd, but only 
saw one animal go down. When the cleared I 
found five deat antelope from the four shots and 
"Tuffy" had gf>tten close enough tr) shrxn another one, 
not knf)wing if I had killed any. Needless to say, we 
ate a lot of antelope that winter. 

In the spring of 1938, I migrated to San 
Franci.sco and worked for the Union Oil Company in 
a .service .station, until the summer of 1940, when I 
returned to Dubois and worked for Ren Willes at the 
Dubois Garage. I was paid $80.00 per month and was 
happy to get it. 

War clouds were gathering, st) "Phil" Gauchay 
and I decided to join the Army for a year. I was 
inducted into the Army on Marcy 6, 1941 , as a private 
in the Infantry. I .spent the next twenty-three years in 
the Armed Forces with ten of years overseas in 
Europe - three in Germany, four in England and three 
in Spain. 1 met and married my second wife in 
Germany. My first s<^)n was born there, and our 
second daughter was born in Spain. I was also 
stationed in California, South Dakr)ta, and Nebraska 
and Oregon at various times. I was fortunate enough 
not to get shot at or killed during those years, and was 
able to retire as a Lieutenant Colonel from the Air 
Force on January 1, 1964. My retirement certificate 
is signed by General Curtis E. LeMay. 

Luckily, I was able to continue work for the 
Air Force for the next fifteen years in Civil Service, 
the first six years in Ma.ssachu.setts and then to Minot. 
North Dakota where we now live. I am fully retired 
now, except for seasonal jobs with Northrup King 
Seed Co. during the spring planting season. I really 
enjoy getting around the n orth western part of North 
Dakota distributing garden seed. 

As for side activities I belong to the American 
Legion, the Elks Lodge and Masonic Lodge. I al.v) 
spend two to three hours a day at the YMCA Health 
Club trying to keep in shape physically. I took up the 
game of handball many years ago and still play 
regularly. In fact. I was recently inducted into the 
North Dakota Handball "Hall of Fame". Not too 
many people are familiar with handball, but it is one 
of the most physically demanding games played. My 
mneteen year old son, James, is the North Dakota 


Junior Champion. 

I was married to Amy Didek on June 7, 1941 
in Reno, Nevada, divorced in 1947, while I was 
stationed in Germany. We had one child, Kathy, born 
December 16, 1943, in Portland, Oregon. 

My second marriage was to Eleanore 
Benedikter, May 29, 1947 in Munich, Germany. We 
have four children: .Jerry; Terresa (both live in 
Massachusetts); Lori, and James (both live in Minot, 
North Dakota). 

Since I have moved around so much, Dubois 
still seems more like home to me than any other place, 
and we visited the folks as often as possible over the 
years. We visit here in Minot quite often with Mary 
and Bob Van Wormer, Mary being the former Mary 
Maloney from Dubois. 

My sisters are Donna Ellis Spino (1919), 
Louise Ellis Kator (1922), and twin brothers - Robert 
Gail and William Gene Ellis (1927). 



"Bill" & Mavme 

WiUiam A. "Bill" Ellis was born to Lewis W. 
and Ella Colson Ellis at Dubois, Idaho. They also had 
a daughter, Beatrice Merle, who married E. W. "Pat" 
Hoffman, but she died at the age of 26 leaving her 
husband and four small children. 

"Bill's" parents separated when he was about 
11 years old with Bill staying with his father and 
Beatrice with her mother. 

About this time "Lew" had filed on a 
homestead in Medicine Lodge Canyon, but he also 
spent a lot of time at Wisdom, Montana taking care of 
the ranch and settiing the estate of his brotiier, Owen, 

who was killed there in 1905. 


"Bill" spent much of his younger years gomg back and 
forth between Medicine Lodge and Wisdom and also 
spent a lot of time with his grandfather James M. 
Colson on lower Medicine Lodge. He often spoke of 
his grandfather Colson taking him to Wisdom and 
back in the horse and buggy. Although he would visit 
with his motiier and step-father, Laing McCormick, he 
also spent a lot of time with his uncle Will Colson and 
family on their ranch in upper Medicine Lodge 
Canyon (now belongs to Jim Tarpley and Judy 
Tarpley). "Bill" attended school, both on Medicine 
Lodge and in Wisdom. 

"Bill's" fatiier, "Lew", married Martha Pugh 
of Wisdom in 1910, and by that time "Lew" had 
settied fulltime on his homestead in Medicine Lodge 
Canyon. (Ranch now owned by George and Fay Ellis 
Whittaker). Martha had a daughter, Lela, by a 
previous marriage. "Lew" and Martha had one son, 
Daniel, Born in 1914. "Bill's" motiier, Ella, married 
Laing McCormich and they had a daughter, Mary. 
"Bill" had a sister, Beatrice, a half brother Dan, a half 
sister, Mary and a step- sister, Lela. He was very 
close to his brother and sisters through tiie years. 
(Ella McCormick was a mid- wife for Rose Winsper, 
when daughter, Eleanor was bom at Nicolia.) 

"Bill" never forgot a winter drive of some 
1 1(X) head of hungry cattie from Medicine Lodge to 
Howe. It was 40 degrees below zero. The nearly 
frozen men shuffled along beside their horses while, 
miles ahead, the cattie drifted. The rest of the winter 
was spent salvaging the hides from tiie many frozen 
cattie to help tiie ranchers, who lost so much. It was 
an agonizing experience, but part of history too. 

When "Bill" was about 18, he stayed witii and 
worked for Henry and Annie Thomas in Dubois. 
Annie was the daughter of J. D. Ellis and a cousin of 
"Bill's". Henry operated a livery barn and dray 
business. About that time many settiers were coming 


into the area. Henry had three automobiles, which 
"Bill" used to take the, would be homesteaders, out to 
look over the land. He used to say he did his share of 
helping getting the country settled. 

Mayme was born in Salt Lake City, Utah to 
Robert and Annie Harries Burns. She had one 
brother, "Bob", and three sisters. Marguerite, Mary 
and Bess. Their mother passed away when Mayme 
was 5 years old, and the children were raised by their 
mother's sisters. After graduating from high school in 
Salt Lake, she came to Dubois to work. Her brother, 
"Bob", (1889-1%3) and sister Marguerite (Reat) 
(1893-1946) having come to Dubois earlier with the 
James Laird family, Mrs. Laird being one of their 
aunts. "Bob" operated the Fremont Cash Store before 
moving to Shoshone, Idaho, where he was County 
Assessor for many years. "Bob" married Susan 
Speakman and after her death married Angeline 
Weaver. Reat married William "Bill" Dahlstrom. 
"Bill" operated one of the of first garages in Dubois 
before serving in World War L After his return from 
the war they moved to Idaho Falls. 

"Bill" and Mayme were married March 7, 
1916 at Salmon, Idaho. For a while he worked for 
his father on the ranch, being a good cowboy and 
breaking many horses, both to work and for riding 
horses for themselves and other ranchers. 

"Bill" and Mayme later homesteaded on 
Weber Creek on the ranch where the Allyn May 
family recently lived. As he often said "After starving 
out there" they moved to Dubois where he operated a 
Livery Stable and Dray and Ice Business. They lived 
in the house which is the present home of Irene 
Rammel. At that time a large red barn and corral 
were directly south of the house, the Joseph Pollock 
blacksmith shop on the east, a small ice house and 
row of outbuildings along the creek on the west and a 
large ice house and storage building on the north. 
These buildings are all gone today except for the 
house. The large barn was torn down in later years 
and the lumber used to build fox pens at Humphrey. 

"Bill" and Mayme had five children: Authur 
Merton, Donna Mae, Elizabeth Louise and twins 
William Gene and Robert Gail. "Bill" had inherited 
his father's singing voice and the children remember 
the old time songs he used to sing to them. 

"Bill" was always an avid ()utd(K)rsman, he 
was able to keep meat and fish on the table back in the 
days when that was a part of your livelihcHxl. It was 
said "Bill" Ellis could catch fish behind a water 
sprinkling truck." As a reward for getting to go 

fishing with her father when she was small, Donna 
"had the privilege of cleaning the fish." No matter 
what child or grandchild went fishing with "Bill" they 
had to stay behind and be quiet so they wouldn't 
throw a shadow on the water or the, fish would hear 

Donna. "Art". Louise. Gene. Gail 

them. He dearly loved to fly fish in Medicine Lodge 
Creek and to roam the hills hunting or just enjoying 
the outing with mother nature, first on horseback, then 
in vehicles. He knew the Medicine Lodge, Middle 
Creek, Edie Creek, Indian Creek and Deep Creek 
areas like the palm of his hand. He was the first man 
in Clark County to own a four-wheel drive vehicle, 
having acquired an army command car right after 
World War II and converting it into a pickup to use on 
his mail route in the winter. The tracks today to some 
of the remote places in Clark County were made by 
Bill before others had four-wheel drive vehicles. 

"Bill" and Mayme were instrumental in the 
development of the community. For awhile "Bill" 
operated the Continental Oil Bulk Plant in Dubois. He 
then became Foreman on the Clark Count\' highway 

In 1937 They acquired the old Park Hotel on 
main street, changing the name to Ellis Hotel. The 
next year they added the Telephone Exchange to the 
front r(X)m of the Hotel. They went on to build the 
telephone system and sold it to tlu- Mud Lake 
Telephone Ccxiperative in 1954. 

Another business for the family nn'Ss the Theo 
Theatre, adjacent to the Hotel; on 1045. "Bill" started 
as Star Route Mail Contractor carr>ini: llio mail from 
Dubois, via Small and Wiasfx-r to Birch Creek, l^ier 
the route was combined wiili the route from DuK^i.s to 
Upper Medicine IvtKlge Canyon. 

"Bill" became Clark C\mnty Commi.ssioner for 
twelve years, active in the Republican party, and 


served on the Clark County Selective Service Board, 
was a Charter member of the Dubois Lions Club, 
member of the Dubois lOOF Lodge, served on the 
Clark County Territorial Centennial Commission, was 
a member of the Dubois City Council and also Justice 
of the Peace. 

"Bill's" love and knowledge of the great 
outdoors, hunting and fishing was instilled in his 
children and grandchildren and will no doubt be 
handed down through his progeny. 

Mayme enjoyed the earlier outdoor life with 
Bill and encouraged and worked with him in civic 
activities. She was a member of the LDS church, 
active in Relief Society in her younger years, a 
member o f the Dubois Rebekah Lodge and American 
Legion Auxiliary. Spending many years on Main 
Street operating the Hotel and Telephone office she 
had contact with and made many friends. She always 
went that extra mile to locate people for important 
telephone calls or see that people had a place to stay 
or just to help them out whatever their problem. Ellis 
Hotel was not just a hotel, but was "Home" to many 
people who stayed there over the years and didn't 
have a home. After her death many of the sympathy 
cards received by the family stated "Dubois will never 
be the same without her. 

"Bill" and Mayme both suffered ill health the 
last years of their lives. After three years of illness 
Mayme passed away from a heart attack in 1972. 
"Bill" was in a nursing home for three and one-half 
years before his death in 1975, sad for a man who had 
spent almost his entire life loving and living in the 
great outdoors. He and Mayme are both buried in the 
Dubois cemetery. 

After their parents' deaths the Ellis children 
donated the Theo Theatre Building to the Dubois 
American Legion Post No. 28. 

The Ellis Hotel was purchased in 1973 by 
Aubury and Pat Jones after Mayme 's death. The 
vacant lot was then acquired by the American Legion 
for a parking lot adjacent to the Hall. 



■I.D. Ellis Homestead (UML) 

.T.D.. Vida/Duane. RusseU. Alvira. 

Daisv/Edna. Mrs. Patelzick. Fremont 

As a child, Emrys Daniel Ellis, attended 
school during the winter season at the first elementary 
school in Dubois along the railroad tracks. During the 
summer season the family returned to Upper Medicine 
Lodge, where their business was cattle. This change 
of residence by the season was an established pattern 
and was followed for many years in this manner. 

Emrys Daniel Ellis, always known as E.D. 
outside the family, was bom the second son, and the 
second child, of Ted and Daisy Fayle Ellis, April 8, 
1898 at Dubois, Clark county, Idaho. 

"Ed" or Emrys grew up surrounded by a 
family of three other brothers and five sisters, born 
over a period of twenty two years from his birth. 

The life of the cattleman was "Ed's" up until 
the First World War. The hard work of cattle tending 
was compensated in some measure by the hoped for 
journey to Omaha or Kansas City. Sometimes it was 
"Ed's" turn to help care for the cattle and get to stay 
at the Florence Hotel in Omaha. For a boy bom to 
the sage, this must have been a grand treat, not to be 
lightly regarded. 

During one of the drives to summer range it 
was necessary to pass through the Lemhi country. 
The Lemhi Indians, a sub-tribe of the awesome 
Shoshoni were being forced to move from Ft. Lemhi 
to Fort Hall, which became their permanent 
reservation. This treaty was made by Chief Tendoy, 
a nephew of Sacajawea, and was to take place after his 
death. The Indians were understandably in a surly 
mood. While "Ed" and his father were passing by the 
long lines of the Indians exodus, a young brave near 
"Ed's" age spurred his pony toward "Ed" and hit him 


across the face with his quoit. The indignation was 
not to be borne, and so "Ed" started after the Indian 
lad. Ted soon assured his second son that if he 
expected to live to grow up, he would keep the 
indignity to himself. The consequences of arousing an 
embittered people were too great. 

The Germans sank neutral American shipping 
indiscriminately, and we were propelled into what was 
to be called World War I. Emrys Daniel Ellis enlisted 
in the U.S. Navy in 1917. He was sent to New 
London, Connecticut, to the Submarine Academy 
where he studied tactics to thwart the dreaded German 
U-Boat. He was assigned to Submarine chaser duty. 
His service took him all through the British Isles, and 
as far north as Archangel in Russia on the Barent's 
Sea. This was during the period of the Russian 
Revolution, and Americans were there ostensibly to 
help the White Russians in their struggle against the 
Bolsheviks; consequently they were not considered a 
friendly power by the Russians of the far north. They 
were restricted to their ships after it was understood 
that Americans were not there as friends. "Ed" 
remembers the dark, unfriendly faces of the Russians 
of that period. 

At the close of this twilight war, the long 
journey back to the United States began. "Ed's" 
superior, the skipper, became incapacitated and unable 
to fulfill his duties of guiding the submarine chaser. 
It became "Ed's" painful duty as second in command 
to confine the skipper to his quarters during the 
inquiry; "Ed" was exhonerated, but Petty Officer First 
Class Ellis chose to leave the service rather than to 
continue a career in the Navy. 

On returning to eastern Idaho, "Ed" left the 
cattleman's way of life. He studied businessmen's 
techniques at the Gem State Business College in Idaho 
Falls. These concepts which he learned would be 
used over the course of his long life. It was during 
this period that he retrained his handwriting to become 
an accomplished penman. 

During the 1920's "Ed" worked principally in 
the mines of Montana and Idaho. His work as a 
miner ttxjk him to the Pittsburg mine in Butte, 
Montana, to mine copper and as far as Mullin, Idaho 
to work the lead and zinc from the shafts of the Gold 
Hunter mine. He was not always in the mines. The 
techniques which he had learned in Business Sch(K)I 
st(Kxl him well in dry gcxxls establishments in the 
Panhandle country of Idaho during the I920's. 

It was during this peri(xl that he married 
Wilma K. Fischer, July 10, 1924. To them was born 

a single child, Elizabeth Lorraine Ellis. The last we 
knew she was living in Seattle, Washington, and 
working for the telephone company. This first 
marriage ended in divorce. 

"Ed" began his work in business in Astoria, 
Oregon, in 1929. Shortly after arriving in Astoria, he 
met his second wife to be: Margaret Adelaide 
Carrier, the daughter of Gertrude Alice Clarkson 
Carrier and Robert Burton Carrier. Margaret was 
born on July 24, 1906 at Liberty Lake, Washington. 
She was a school teacher in the Astoria Public Schools 
at that time. They were married in Kelso, 
Washington, December 23, 1932. 

"Ed" wished to try his hand in his own 
business and so he purchased a grocery store in 
Whitehall, Montana, where the Ellis' first child, 
Milton Eugene was born October 24, 1933. Their 
family was to include: their oldest daughter, Marie 
Ann, was born on May 10, 1935; Arthur Keith, 
January 29, 1941; Gertrude "Trudy" Lee, June 14, 

"Ed" had still the desire to own his own 
business, and opportunity beckoned. He purchased 
the Columbia Cafe in Rainier, Oregon, in 1949, and 
operated one of the finest restaurants on the lower 
Columbia up until the mid-1950's when declining 
health enforced a semi -retirement from business 

Much of "Ed's" life during the 1960's and 
the 1970's has centered around the appreciation of his 
growing family. 

"Ed" passed away June 5, 1981 at the 
Vancouver Veteran's Hospital. 



Francis Gordon Ellis. Kirn at Small, Idaho, 
June 27, 1903. was a s<in of J.D and Alvira Ellis. 
He attended his beginning schiH>l years at Small and 
Argora sch(K)l, until J.D. moved his family lo Idaho 
Falls in 1913 when Gordon was ten years of age. 

Gordon continued his .sch(H)ling in Idaho at the 
Riverside Grade Scho<il,and alMi attended the Idaho 
Falls High SchiK>l. He continued his formal u-aining 
at the University of Idaho, taking a degree in 1-oresiry 

Gordon worked on the WcUt Creek Ranch 


Robert & Leila Ellis & 
Gordon Ellis 

during his growing up years. As a teenager he had 
rheumatism, which curtailed some of the out of doors 
activity, which he was able to do. He did like 
hunting, as most of his brothers did. During one 
winter, he and J.D. resided in California. His 
brother, Fremont, remembers an old photo showing 
Gordon riding in a cart pulled by an ostrich. 

During his active working life he was a Forest 
Ranger, but his principal occupation was in 
construction, in which he utilized his engineering 

Gordon found conversation easy and was 
quick to pick up a conversation with both friend and 
sti-anger. This was a trail inherited from his father. 
Conversation came easily to many of the children of 
J.D. ElHs. He was sti-ong in opinion, botii is pohtics 
and in a wide range of subjects. The author of tiiis 
story remembers being instructed by Gordon that 
purchasing boots from anyone other than Otto White's 
in Spokane was a course fraught witii peril. The 
author's father, Emrys Daniel Ellis, was told upon 
having served leg of lamb to Gordon that "Emrys, you 
never did know the difference between mutton and a 
stewed overcoat." Although late in both their lives, 
this story is illustrative of the rough comraderie of tiie 
Idaho plains and should be interpreted as such. 

Gorden went to work in Oregon for the U.S. 
Forest Service, until he returned ot Idaho Falls in 
1931. He worked with his parents, who owned and 
operated the Ellis appartments there. 

He was interested in construction work and 
worked on several large dams in Idaho, Washington 

and Oregon, doing a specialized type of diamond 
drilling. He retired from construction work in 1954. 

Gordon married Melva Butier. He was a 
Mason, taking active interest in die Lodge. His 
church affiliation was Presbyterian. 

During his retirement years, he lived for a 
period of time with his brother. Mack, later with 
Emrys Ellis and a short time in Rainier, Oregon. 
Finally, in 1970 he purchased a small ranch in 
Copeland in nortiiern Idaho, however, due to ill health 
he later made his home in Gold Beach shortiy before 
he died, August 4, 1971. Gordon died at tiie age of 
sixty-eight, when he suffered a heart attack, while 
driving his car near Gold Beach, where he and his 
wife were married and had friends. 

He was buried in the Rose Hill Cemetery in 
Idaho Falls. 




Fremont Ellis was born April 8, 1910 to J.D. 
and Alvira Ellis at the Ellis lower Medicine Lodge 
ranch. He was bom in the log cabin on the home 
ranch. During the hey-day of wagoneering, the lower 
place was the teamster stop roughly half way between 
the mines on Birch Creek and the railroad siding at 
Camas. This ranch was the scene of much activity, 
with large corrals and sheds to hold the stock and 
equipment of the wagon masters. J.D. ElHs was quite 
a hospitable man and Fremont began his life in this 


environment. His dad did not wish to give up his 
ranches at the time, but moved in 1913 with his three 
youngest children, Leila, Gordon, and Fremont, to 
Idaho Falls, when Fremont was but three years of age. 
J.D. purchased three lots and a six bedroom house, 
building a ten apartment complex on the west side of 
his property on D street. Fremont's memories of 
childhood are to be found in the Falls, except for the 
summers when he worked on the ranch at Medicine 
Lxxige. At Weber Creek he worked for his father, 
haying, building fence and cutting firewood. He 
would also work 'jingling horses' and 'punching 
cattle' as he expressed it. He went on to 

business college in Idaho Falls, then worked for the 
Forest Service for some 26 years. He enjoyed saying 
he did nearly everything, except Smoke Jump and run 
a pack string. 

During the Depression of the 1930s, he had a 
brief stint as an English and Arithmetic teacher. For 
one summer and fall, he taught Civilian Conservation 
Corps boys the schooling that they had missed in 
formal-education. During the Second World War, he 
spent two years on active duty as a medical technician. 

Fremont married "Lillie" Hansen, of 
Lewisville, Idaho. They had one child, Monty Clyde, 
born April 9, 1931. 

Fremont & Grandchildren 

When his sister, Leila retired as Post Master 
Sm(X)t, Wyoming, he acquired the position. He held 
it for six years. He retained Leila on the staff to sort 
mail. Fremont retired in 1975, ending a pericxl of 32 
years employment in government service. 
coMPii.Ki) BY i:i)(;i:ni: 


Lulu and Gail 

Robert Gail Ellis, twin of William Gene Ellis, 
was born in Dubois on September 7, 1927 to Bill and 
Mayme Ellis in the present Myron Rammell home. 
His older brother and sisters were Arthur M. (1916), 
Donna M. (1919) and Louise (1922). 

Gail attended grade and high school at 
Dubois, graduating from the Dubois high school in 
1945. During high school he played Basketball, 
playing on the main team. Games were \^Tih the 
"Round Robin" including the teams from Spencer, 
Dubois, Hamer and Roberts, also played Lima and 
Leadore. Mr. Merrill "Mac" McCarton was the 
Superintendent at this time. After graduation (during 
World War II), both he and his brother Gene enlisted 
in the Navy and served from 1945 to 1946. spending 
some time stationed in Japan. 

He married Lulu F. Henerson on Febru;in» 9. 
1953 in Miles City, Montana at the home of her 
parents. They lived in Dubois where Gail worked tor 
the State Highway and als«.i dry farmed with his father 
and brother. "Lu" worked as Statistical Clerk at the 
U.S. Sheep Experiment Station. 

"Lu" was horn at Trinidad, Colorado on June 
27, 1926, ti) Paul and Gu.ssie Henerstm. She 
graduated from high schiH>l in Trinidad and then 
attended Colorado State University at Fort Collins, 
graduating in 1949. She came to DuU>is to work .»i 
the Sheep Experiment Station in 1954. 

Gail and "Lu's" first st^n. Paul P . ua.s K>rn 
in Idaho Falls. Idaho on Januar> 18. U).'^4 In l^J.'^S 
they moved to the Henors»m family ranch on Sunday 


Creek out of Miles City, Montana. Their second son, 
William A. (Bill) was born in Miles City, April 21, 

Gail. Billy. Lu & Paul 

Although enjoying his life working with his 
father-in-law on the ranch in Montana, Gail missed the 
hills of Clark county which he had roamed and hunted 
and fished with his father and brother for many years. 
Like the rest of the Ellis family he was an avid 
sportsman and outdoorsman. 

In Miles City Gail belonged to the BPOE, 
Eagles, and the Miles City Club, being on the Board 
of Directors of same for ten years. He was County 
President, and on the Board of the Farm Bureau and 
belonged to the American Legion. Both Gail and 
"Lu" were very active in 4-H and "Lu" was always 
contributing time to the DAR, and many community 
activities. He was also a member of the American 
Legion Post#28 of Dubois. 

After Mr. Henerson's death in 1972 the 
Henerson ranch was sold and Gail and "Lu" bought a 
ranch south of Miles City on the Tongue river. 

While attending Montana State University at 
Bozeman Paul D. married Rhonda Syring. They have 
one son, Jason, born July 25, 1975 and twin 
daughters, Erin Gail and Erika Lee, born February 
22, 1977. Paul and family still live in Bozeman. 

William A. "Bill" was a student at Montana 
State University at Bozeman, studying Agriculture 

After many years of ill health Gail passed 
away November 15, 1975. It was always his wish to 
"come home" to be buried and he rests in the Dubois 

cemetery beside his parents. 

After his death "Lu" sold the ranch and 
resides in Miles City, Montana, where she keep busy 
in community activities. 

.T.D.& Alvira 

Philip & 

Annie Laurie 


Upper ML Easter Picnic 
Gertrude & Mack (far right) 

Mack Stalker EUis was born May 11, 1887 at 
Small, Idaho. He was the son of John Daniels EUis 
and Alvira Tolitha Stalker. He had 3 brothers: John 
Howard, Francis Gordon, and Fremont; 3 sisters: 
Bessie Lisle, Leila Jane, and Helen; one half-brother: 
Phillip Daniel; one half-sister: Annie Laurie. 

Mack attended grade school, to the ninth 
grade, at the log-school in Small. Then he continued 
his higher education at Pocatello Academy, (now 
Idaho State University). He majored in business 
methods with a course in carpentry. 

Upon his return to the ranch, he began horse 


breaking, a principal business activity of a cattleman. 
He spent his hard-earned leisure time hunting and 
fishing. He rarely missed a coyote with his first shot 
and used a bent pin and a willow for fishing. He 
continued to break horses and once broke 53 horses in 
30 days. 

Mack, as a boy and as a man, had a love of 
people and a love of conversation. He had a good 
sense of humor. He found it easy to talk to friends 
and strangers. Probably he took this nature from both 
parents. Vie was a well-liked person in her 
community, and J.D. had a personality which always 
attracted others to him. His success in business was 
as much because of his personality as it was of his 
business methods. Mack loved gardening and was 
constantly introducing new varieties into the Crooked 
Creek ranch. His gardening and a little money earned 
from coyote bounties were all the Ellises had during 
the Depression of the 1930's. A little beef would 
supplement them as well. 

He had great ingenuity with engineering 
problems. People from some distance were attracted 
by his water irrigation techniques which enabled his 
garden to blossom where a person of lesser abilities 
would not have seen the possibilities. 

Mack grew up on his father's (J. D. Ellis) 
ranch on Medicine Lodge Creek. He moved to Idaho 
Falls in 1913 and to the ranch on Crooked Creek in 
1929. He married Mary Gertrude Lidy on January 1 , 

Mary Gertrude Lidy was born December 30, 
1897 at what was then known as Sulphur Springs, now 
Lidy Hot Springs, Winsper, Idaho. Her father, 
Robert S. Lidy, was born at Sedalia, Missouri in 
1858. As a young man he came to Camas, where he 
was a freight hauler. He had two teams, a 
sixteen-horse "short line" team and a ten-horse team. 
He once helped move houses from Gilmore, a former 
mining town in central Idaho, to Dubois. He met 

and married Mary Sullivan, a widow with six children 
who owned the property where the natural hot springs 
were located. He piped water from the springs to a 
small building with a large tub where the family was 
able to bathe in comfort. The natural hot water was 
pure and (xlorless. Neighbors were always welcome 
to enjoy the hot baths, but strangers were charged 35 
cents for a bath and a towel. 

The Springs also were a favorite place with 
Indians, who had bathed in a hollowed-out hole 

at the head of the springs before the settlers arrived. 
Indians continued to come through the area long after 
the hot springs were developed. When 

Gertrude, as she was called, was about six, their 
17-room, two-story house burned down. While she 
was watching the fire, she heard her mother say, 
"When the fire gets to the cellar, the ammunition is 
going to explode." It did, and she remembers seeing 
the roof lifted up by the explosion then dropped back 
down. There were 22 guns with ammunition in the 
cellar. The only things saved from the fire were a 
sewing machine and a rocking chair. Two families 
who were boarding with them lost all their belongings, 
but no one was hurt. 

In 1917, Gertrude's parents, who had moved 
to a farm on Crooked Creek, rented the springs to a 
man named Beal, who built a public pool and hot 
baths. But his timing was wrong, and he went broke. 
Her father took over the pool and renamed it Lidy Hot 
Springs. Located at the edge of a desert with a 
growing population, the hot springs became a popular 
gathering place. A roof later was built over the f>ool 
and then a dance hall and a picnic area were added. 

When Gertrude was eighteen, she married 
Mack Ellis, January 1, 1916, at Idaho Falls, the son 
of J.D. Ellis who, at that time was Postmaster at 
Small, Idaho. They filed for a dry farm on Crooked 
Creek. Mack and Gertrude's first baby, bom the year 
after their marriage, died. They lived on the farm for 
three years, and had a son, Weldon, during that time. 
They moved to Idaho Falls for nine years, where three 
more children were born, Jean, Lois, and Rcibert. 
The children started school in Idaho Falls; when the 
family returned to Crooked Creek in 1929. Mrs. Ellis 
helped organize a small one-rcxim schcxM on Warm 
Creek for her children to attend. The youngest son. 
Lamar, born after that school was closed, had to board 
away from home to attend school. 

Mahel Gauchav. Gertrudt- Klli.s.Mavn>c 
Fllis." Margie" Hoffman. 
Ldla Waring. V ida Ellis 


The Mack Ellis family lived on the Crooked 
Creek ranch for many years. Mack died in 1967 and 
Mrs. Ellis stayed on the ranch, managed by Lamar, 
until 1981, when she moved to Monteview, Idaho. 
She now lives with her daughter and son-in-law, Lois 
and Milburn (Jay) Hawker of Monteview. 


JOHN FRANCIS ELLIS (1818-1903) and 
ANN DANIELS ELLIS (1830-1893) 

(4 sons) John D. "Ted" D. Owen. Lewis 

Some of the earliest settlers in the area of 
Medicine Lodge were the family of John Francis and 
Ann Daniels Ellis. 

John Francis Ellis (1818-1903) and Ann 
Daniels (1830-1893) were natives of Wales and 
migrated to Salt Lake City, Utah as converts to the 
L.D.S. Church. They left Liverpool, England on 
April 19, 1856 aboard the Samuel Curling and arrived 
in the port of Boston, May 23, 1856. It is not known 
whether they knew each other prior to the sailing, but 
they became acquainted sometime between the sailing 
and their arrival in Salt Lake. John worked on the 
construction of the L.D.S. Temple in Salt Lake. Later 
the family moved to Smithfield, Utah and then around 
1871 to Malad, Idaho where John worked as a 

The following children were bom to them: 
JOHN DANIELS (J.D._ (1860-1936) - married 
Elizabeth J. Schopp, divorced, then married Alvira T. 
Stalker who died May 17, 1931, then married Martha 

MARGARET (1862-1930) - married George 



HANNAH ANN (1864-1942) married Emrys 

Margaret Ellis Lavne 
ELLEN (Nell) (1866- ?) -